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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (May 17, 1930)
"No Favor Sways Us; No Fear Shall Awe."
From First Statesman, March 28, 1851
THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO.
iJI Ceauxs A. Sfeacte, Sheldon P. Sackett, Publisher
CHAKIXa A. S PRAGUE
Sheldon F. Sackett
- . Managing-Editor
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By R. S. Copeland. M. P.
In the House of Its Friends
"NE would think the tariff bill was. almost an orphan
J save that it still bears the names of its sires, Messrs.
Hawley and Smoot. Neither can recognize it quite as his
child so much has it been operated upon. It has been ampu
tated here and spliced there until it looks both to congress
men and countrymen as a veritable scarecrow.
., Just now the senators are trying to make up their
minds whether to accept it and pass it with the customary
arousements or to administer chloroform ard put it to sleep
quietly without the tragedy of open murder.
"Dead-in-the-wool" party men are unaoie to agree on
whether it is the best or the worst tariff in our history. The
Lssue is to the fore in the senatorial campaign in Pennsyl
vania. Secretary Davis who is a member of the president's
b cabinet and the candidate of the Vare machine, spoke before
the Philadelphia Union League club as follows on the tar
"The tariff about to be enacted is absolutely satisfactory. A few
schedules might have been raised a little but upon the whole the job
1 mighty fine. Prosperity will come Immediately after its signing by
the Presdent. Unemployment will disappear from the land. It is the
Ideal Republican tariff. I sat In with the Joint Conference Committee
of Congress during its final stges pinch-hitting: for Senator Reed,
who Is in London, and aided In shaping the pig-iron and cement ad
justments. I favor a tariff npon the products of all foreign Industries
competing with American industries."
Now Senator Grundy who has been credited with having
a lot to do with the tariff making and who is baing opposed
by Secretary Davis for the senatorial nominatio 1, replied to
the Davis blessing on the tariff as f ollows :
"That talk by Davis is nonsense. The tariff bill we are about to
i ass is the worst ia the history of the country. For the most part It is
the work of mere theorists and half-baked economists. The expert
who was the biggest factor in writing It is a Democrat and doesn't
believe in the protective tariff theory.
"No Republican who Is a student of Industrial conditions today
i satisfied with the measure so sonorously praised by Secretary
Davis. Immediately after it becomes a law I will set out to wipe it off
the statute books. I will embark upon a campaign to elect delegates
to the next national convention who will insist upon the adoption of
a platform which will enunciate Republican demands for a real pro
tective tariff and the nomination of a ticket that will square Itself
v Ith that declaration."
So it isn't a Grundy bill after all And the Fordney-Mo
Cumber bill under which we are now living isn't a real pro
tective tariff either.
If the party leaders in rock-ribbed Pennsylvania cannot
agree on the virtue or vice of the Hawley-Smoot tariff bilL
how can the sons of the j. a. in the wild west be expected to
give it the nine raws and a tiger?
When Admirals Disagree
ADMIRALS as experts appear in no better light on the
witness stand than alienists, economists or engineers.
The public has long observed the testimony of experts and
noted how conflicting it is. So we should not be surprised if
one admiral disagrees with another as to the benefit or haz
ards of the London naval treaty. The only thing one might
expect them to agree on is ships and more ships.
Here is Admiral Jones, one of the advisers to the Amer
ican delegation at London, who says that the treaty cramps
America and gives Great Britain and Japan "the edge." Here
i Admiral Pratt, another expert adviser, who says that the
treaty is satisfactory. Jones says that the limitation of eight
inch guns helps out the British, while Pratt says changed
conditions make the six-inch guns acceptable.
What shall the mere layman do when admirals disagree?
When the admirals agree then the layman is apt to conclude
they are wrong; but when they disagree that gives the ord
inary congressman no cue at all. It boxes the compass for him.
The encouraging thing we note in this bit of testimony
from the senate's, hearings was that Admiral Pratt admitted
that air developments had caused him to change his mind
about gun sues. This is about the first time an admiral has
admitted that air developments have made a difference. For
a long time they have resisted the idea that airplanes rend
ered capital ships helpless, as demonstrations have pretty
well proven. So it is encouraging to note that the admiral
mind is not quite so rigid as we had thought.
Fern Lad's White Spot
THAT'S a cow's name.
She is owned in Deep River, Washington, which is along
the lower Columbia in that part of Washington which is for
trading purposes part of Oregon. But Fern Lad's White Spot
made a real white spot in the day's news of crime, politics,
golf and prohibition.
This cow, which is one of a herd rated as the highest
producing herd in southwestern Washington, has completed
her first year's test. She produced on two milkings a day
593.96 pounds of butterfat and 11,124 pounds of milk in 365
days. She was about eight years old when she began the test.
She's a Jersey.
Cows producing over 300 pounds of butterfat are rated
as excellent producers. Here is a cow producing nearly twice
that amount. She isn't a cow, she's a butter factory. Nor is
she a record breaker. An eleven-year old Holstein, Amanda
Fayne Retertje has a record of 31,622.4 pounds of mfflc and
1042.7 pounds of butterfat in a year. Another Holstein, Miss
Jewel Ormsby Piebe, produced 556.16 pounds of butter in
90 days. Mass production haa come to the dairy barn.
A ferry accident has claimed another victim." Tbs time It was a
close personal friend of this writer, Jaidge John Truax of Ritirille.
Washington, who accidentally stepped on the accelerator instead ef
the brake. His car plunged through the railing into the Columbia
and he was drowned. We have known of so many ferry fatalites that
we have no patience with those who oppose toll bridges. Where the
state or county cannot put In a bridge and private capital will, by aU
means let private capital go ahead. Usually the toll bridges replace
toU ferries, and the saving la time and money as well as the added
safety make the bridges moat desirable. Give as the bridges: do away
with, tedious, dangeroee ferries. :
The Statesman desires to congratulate Mrs. Grace Bilyeu ef
Dallas oa her elevation to the presidency of the state federation of
women's clubs. It Is probably the highest honor among women's or
ganizations In the state; and haa been worn by Mrs. Bilyen because
er ner long ana acme ana saccesszal work In club activities. Mrs.
Bilyeu Is, a, leader In her home city. She Is secretary of tbeXtaUas
Beautifsl and useful are the
parks of a great city. To thous
ands of persons they give the ben
efit of the out-
o f -d o o r a, a
plaee to play
and a plaee to
hare the bene
fits and Joys of
the country lit
tle realize what
there are who
cannot get oat
of the city. The
live In the tene
ments Kit the
city find in the
tion and better
Every human being and animal
must have fresh air and sunshine
In order to live. The first early
days of summer are times when
the very thought of getting out-of-
doors gives new life and impetus
to the day's work. The more one
has of these blessings the longer
will he live.
Most of the city parks are nat
ural beauty spots. As such every
adult and every child should en
joy them to the full, but not des
poil them. Do not litter them with
papers and boxes. Leave them as
clean as they should be.
Get out into the parks as often
as you can, in the direct sunlight.
The cool breezes stimulate and
rest the nerves, and whatever ex
ercise you can get is so mush to
the good for your health.
Ever person needs new In
spiration and you can get plenty
of inspiration in our beautiful city
parks on the sunny days. Did
you ever get up in the early
morning for a good brisk walk
down one of the parkways? How
much better off we would be If we
did this every morning. Ton are
just as physically fit as you make
yourself. Why not try this for ex
ercise and inspiration in the ear
ly morning hours?
Maybe you don't have to spend
aU of your recreation time in the
park. Perhaps you own a car. A
day spent in the country can be
most beneficial. You spin over bill
and dale, pash seashore and coun
tryside, seeing the beauties made
by God and man as you go. Beau
tiful gardens, the deep, cool woods
a tumbling stream, o ar distant
lake, all make up a beautiful kal
eidoscopic picture in your mind's
eye as you return to rest.
Talking of beautiful gardens, it
Is a beautiful and gracious cus
tom in many places to have the
gardens of large estates opened to
the rublic on certain days of the
week. More people should take ad
vantage of these lovely spots.
There is a mental stimulus and.
satisfaction of the spirit which we
derive only from the beauties in
nature. Everyone needs it. It is
almost as important to our well
being as fresh air and sunshine.
For those who cannot get to
the seashore or countryside, the
parks offer beauty rest and rec
reation. Take the family there of
ten. You don't always need a Con
ey island. Get oat into the Quiet
ness of the park, under the green
trees. Take a picnic supper with
you. These warms days are the
time to make up for the long win
ter months indoors.
A CRUMB FOR THE STARVING
J VtU AUJ THIS 1 f v---v.
A. THAT? L LL J
; " " Si ' v VV..' w-i. 4 ii V., "
.lit AMN?1H -" - - i
i a,r o- Brw.mM, v.. . (gAJV.: y, I ;I: fife . t ; , j'. 'J' ' - Hj-X-il
W hf CAROLYN WELLS
BITS for BREAKFAST
By R. J. HENDRICKS
Valve - -
chamber of commerce and serves as the Statesman correspondent
there. . ; '
" The Great Northern is vat with a twenty million dollar bond
lasne. That is where the sneaer ones treat te build these raU ax-
teas lone in Oregon. RaU way building ass always bees a pathway to
prosperity, 'Just as other construction work is the- best promoter ef
WHO GETS THE PROFIT?
There is but one question at is
sue In the approaching election as
pertains to the Salem water ser
vice, and that Is, "Who gets the
profit?" The citizens of Salem are
net asked to enter upon a specu
lative venture, but to purchase at
a fair price an established, certain
essential, dividend-paying bus
iness. Only 5 per cent dividends
each year would pay outright for
the entire system in 20 years. Bat
the experience of numberless cit
ies shows a much higher earning
capacity for the municipality-owned
water systems and the vast
portion of them are publicly
We send millions of dollars else
where for automobiles, fuel and
tires, but Oregon has no oil wells,
no rubber farms, no iron mines.
We enrich oar lives by adding the
productions of others and we
can expect the profits to go else
where. When the chain store
brings vs a real bargain as a
"leader," even though the profits
of the business go elsewhere, the
purchaser of the "leader" gets his
dividend in his immediate saving.
But when the water people eome
into our midst, they bring nothing
with them. It is-by the courtesy of
the people of Oregon that they
take Oregon water, and by the
courtesy of the city of Salem that
they operate under an exclusive
franchise, and they do only what
we are absolutely capable of do
ing for ourselves with ur own re
sources but the profits leave ear
midst never to return, it is not the
extreme pleasure of serving as
that brought them here, bat the
assured dividends that they saw
in the going, growing business of
a growing city. Is it not time for
the capital of the state ef Oregon
to think straight and keep their
money where it will do the most
good to Oregon and Salem f
, Be fair to the water company!
Why. certainly! We feel quite cer
tain tney are not novices in this
matter i ef municipal ownership
probabilities They bare probably
found it neceteary to retire from
many a field, for American cit
ies are comparatively few that
dq not own at least their own wab
er system. -They knew this risk
when they bought. It was not the
city who sold them the plant, bat
a private concern operating by the
BuCeraace of the dtr. When we
pay the company fair price, we
oucnarse all obligation, moral and
nnaneial. . -
Political economists bare al
ways held that private taonopoly
Bat Sayre had a fine sense of
the courtesy due a party Invited
to Knollwood, and he proposed
that so far as it lay in his power
he would keep up the dignity of
the place and its traditions of hospitality.
Aunt Judy was not enough to
offer to the guests, they must
have every responsible member of
the family available.
And a sort of "noblesse oblige"
made Rodney feel that he mast
stand as representative of the
family and the house with which
he expected to be affiliated.
So he bad steeled himself to
this ordeal, and proposed to car
ry it through at any cost to bis
own feelings or nerves.
It would be idle to say that
HUidale was not stirred to its
foundations by the tragie occur
rences. They might go calmly to
the church, politely to call at
Knollwood, sedately leave cards at
The Ravines, silently attend the
inquest, but at home behind clos
ed doors, human nature forced it
self to the front and speculation
was rife, while theories were plen
tiful as blackberries.
Opinions ran the whole gamut
ef possibilities, from the martyr
dom of Emily to her blackest
gailt. From a pitched battle be
tween the two high-tempered
friends to the onslaught of a car
load of bandits terrible as any
army with banners.
But these conversations came
not to the ears of the Knollwood
people, for Hilldale was discreet
before all else, and its attitude
Was entirely that of sympathy and
condolence, with a due admixture
And so, the wedding party took
Determination on the part of
all the household made it seem a
mere reception or fete, without
At noon, as Emily had not re
turned. Aunt Judy took her place
Is utterly indefensible. How much
more when of the greatest essen
tial of life, save only the air we
breathe! One may choose his
clothes, and a large assortment of
food awaits him, but there is no
substitute, for pare water. Let as
own it and get it where the best
Human nature takes some sneer
1 turns. America professes to be.
neve that public ownership Is a
failure, yet the really big Jobs
like the Panama canal are done
by the government, not private
capital. They teU as a dtr should
not own its own utilities they pay
amaenai oat it should pave its
streets, UUTA1NIY! That is a
run oz expense. Things that pro
duce no revenue should be done
at pubuc expense, but when a div
idend is in sight the nubile should
keep bands off! And then, occas
ionally, we bear a complaint
nooui nigh taxes.
The writer knows a little alrl
whey when bat St months of age,
would plead wltk her Barents.
whea she was guilty of some ia-
rraction or borne roles. "Don't
spank, me this time. The fa tare
cwuid care tor Itself it THIS time
be. as the little one desired. The
water company argament does not
require mature minds. All they
now ask is that action e deferred
this time. Salem has failed to keen
abreast of the- time at previous el
ections. This time let her declare
ner freedom and take the first
steps to acquire ber own water
system. (Who ever heard f
city that had given a fair test to
municipal ownership ef her water
system, selling out to private in
terests latert Whe.e would Los
Angeles be today had sho depead-
a pon private capital to go ts
milee for adequate water supply?
wisdom beckons Salem forward.
; pv -4:Tr; f A CITIZEN.!
as receiving hostess and greeted
the Inrush of guests with a smile.
No explanations were needed,
they all understood. Hilldale was
quick to take a cue, and their
murmured greetings were befit
ting and pleasant.
Spinks was in his element. Of
ten he had engineered a wedding
but never one like this, which,
lacking bridal party entirely, was
left to him to save from ignomin
And he did his part. He ord
ered the feast served at the psy
chological moment. He ordained
the music of the right sort and at
the right time. He plaaned the
dancing, having removed the
white stanchions with their great
sheaves of lilies, which, incident
ally be ordered sent to the hos
pital. In accordance with Hilldale
He himself conducted dowagers
to the present room, and elderly
gentlemen to Aunt Judy's sitting
room, which had been converted
into a refreshing sort of place.
And so, as Spinks, with his
staff, looked after all this. Aunt
Jndy and Rod were free to enter
tain the guests, and they did
Rodney was grave, but politely
smUing, and of such courtesy and
charm that the hearts of the wom
en went out to him and one and
all sought to offer comfort.
This Sayre accepted in the most
friendly way. and even the most
critical of the guests finally con
cluded that the Knollwood people
had done the best thing after all.
Aunt Judy was pathetic, yet In
such a gracious, dignified way
that few dared pity her.
Her attitude, like Rod's, was
that Emily was mysteriously ab
sent, and they were sorry, but
nothing could be done about It at
And after all, that was the
truth, the whole truth end noth
ing but tbe truth.
And so the afternoon wore on.
The elder people went home, but
the younger crowd, having good
music and good food, stayed on
and on, and Aunt Judy was glad
Reaction would eome soon
enough and she wanted Emily's
friends to have a good time.
Abel Collins came to talk to
"You're a wonderful woman,1
he said. 'Tew could have accom
"I had to, she returned sim
ply. "I did It for Emily. Tell me.
Abel, where do you think the
Abel Collins looked at her
sharply. He feared this meant the
end of enforced control of her
self and possibly a collapse.
"No," she said, reeding his
glance. "I'm not going to give
war. Why should IT AU I can
possibly do to ielp Emily Is to
keep the home fires Darning, ir
she comes home, she 'must find
everything in perfect order, and,
if she doesn't, there no narm
"You're right, yon're right.
Abel Collins assured her. "Now,
as to where oar girl is, I dent
know. Bat I do -think, Jndy, that
she will yet be rescued."
"You're not saying that Just to
comfort me?" 4
"Partly," he smiled. "And
partly because I beUsve it myself.
If Emily were dead, her body
would here been found by this
time. If she has been kidnaped,
we will hear from the villains, and
probably soon. Dear friend, there
is nothing to do but wait the
hardest thing; I knew, bat the on
. To Rodney Sayre, Collins said
practically the same thing. It was
aaews se -either, but there was
something - about Abel - CosUns
way of saying things that brought
a bint of hope, and a breath of
cheer to the two sorrowing hearts. 1
Then Abel and Rodney took a
walk about the place, passing be
yond the lawns and on toward the
footpath that led to the big ra
vine. They talked for the most part
on desultory topics, not avoiding
the subject close to both their
hearts, but feeling there was lit
tle to be said about it.
They passed the Miller house.
and spoke of its beauty
"Pennington's will be shut ut
too for a time," said Abel, looking
at the Miller's boarded-up wind
ows. "I say, Sayre, let's drop in
on Jim for a minute. He must be
pretty blue this afternoon."
All right," Rodney agreed and
they went on over the little ra
vine and up the hiU to the house.
Although a steep hilL curves
and windings made the ascent
easy as well as picturesque, and
before they were halfway up the
treetops were below them and
their view of the road was cut off.
The house, as they neared it.
looked as usual, except that one
or two trunks and a large suit
case were on the front veranda.
Hearing voices, Jim Pennington
himself came to the open front
door. He was In his shirt sleeves,
but made on apologies.
How are you? he said, to
Rodney, holding out his hand,
and afterward greeting Collins.
'I'm downright glad to see you.
'Sit down, I'll get you a bracer.
I need one myself. Not that I've
been working hard, my packing
was easy, but " he shrugged his
shoulders and it was not hard to
understand that the nerve strain
of leaving his home was what had
They sat in his pleasant living
room, every detail of which told
of a woman's taste and fancies.
I thought at first." he said.
"I'd take with me everything con
nected with Polly her pictures,
books, music but. Lord, It would
take a van. Tnen I concluded to
take nothing remindful of her,
thought it might be better for me.
but of course, that wouldn't work
either. So I'm doing what anybody
would do in the circumstances,
taking some things and leaving
You're coming back?" said
Oh, yes. Excuse me just a
moment," he stepped to a table,
opened a drawer and disappeared
from the rom for a moment, then
"Something I forgot to tell
Rosa," he said. "Yes, I shall re
turn, and probably soon. I thought
at first I'd go away for good but
Hilldale seems like home to me.
and I'm sore how t'U come back
here. In fact, I don't know what
111 do until I get away and tbink
it oat. Yoa dent know what it
means to a chap who has had
home so long to suddenly find
himself homeless. And I cant stay
on here. These two days have
nearly finished me. Everything re
minds me of Poliy. The very
chairs and tables shriek her name
at me, and I cant stand It. I'm
nervous, I know, bat I cant help
that. So I shall go away, probably
to Europe, or maybe California,
but far away for a time, a few
months, and then I'U come back
here and sell the house or lire la
it. I dont know-which. Bat I cant
rent it now, er anything like that,
tor I would have to pat away aU
ef Pony's things and I can't.'
"I think you're doing Just rlgnt
Jim.- Sayre told aim. "Ge off.
as yea propose, and later, youTl
get a better perspective, and you'll
be ready, to , take op your life
again. Me, I don't kaow where
I'm at." .
fOf course.,, yoa donV and
psnnlngtoa spoke; with utmost
sympathy. "I dont see what yea
ere going to do, Sayre. Did yoa
get the detective you- had in
(To be continued)
Oregon flax in thirties:
When was flax growing in the
Oregon country first thought off
Everybody knows that the first
linseed oil was made in Salem in
1866. by the Pioneer OH Mill, in
which Joseph Holman, 1840 pion
eer, was then a chief factor; he
was the grandfather of Joseph H.
Albert of tbe Ladd and Bush
bank. The site was taken over
by the Kay Woolen mill; donated
by the people of Salem, who sub
scribed the price of it, $20,00.
Also that Albany had a flax mill
in 1877. making threads and
twines. Also, that flax grown In
the Turner section swept the
boards against all comers, the
world over, on all the nine
Points, at the Philadelphia cen
tennial In 1S76.
But flax growing in the Will
amette valley was projected in
the late thirties, also hemp grow
ing. For proof thi3, there is
cited the following, beginning on
page 174 of Bancroft's Oregon
History, volume 1:
"In August 1838, at Lynn.
Massachusetts, the old home of
Cyrus Shepard and Miss Downing,
a society called the Oregon Pro
visional Em Ration society was
organized. The intention of this
association was to send to Oregon
at the outset not less than 200
men with their families, to be
followed by other divisions at in
tervals, until thousands should
settle in the country. The consti
tution debarred all persons from
becoming members who were not
of good moral character and be
lievers in the Christian religion,
and the general expenses of the
enterprise were to be paid, out of
a Joint Btock fund, no member to
be assessed more than S3 a year.
The society published a monthly
paper devoted to the exposition of
its objects, called the Oregonian.
The officers were Rev. Samuel
Norris, president; Rev. Sanford
Benton, Vice president; Rev. F. P,
Tracy, secretary; Rev. Amos Wal
ton, treasurer. The committee
.consisted of 14 members, 10 of
whom were ministers.
"While Mr. Cnshing was in
correspondence with Jason Lee,
he received letters from the sec
retary of this organization, and
in reply to Inquiries as to its ob-
ect, was told In a letter of the
6th of January 1839, that it was
designed, first, to civilize and
christianize the Indians, and sec
ondly, to avail themselves of the
advantages offered by the terri
tory for agriculture, commerce,
" 'Having reached the terri
tory,' says the secretary, wt shall
seek such points of settlement as
will afford the greatest facilities
for intercourse with the tribes;
for agriculture, manufactures,
and commerce; and also for de
fence, in case of hostilities from
any quarter. For the benefit of
the Indians, we propose to estab
lish schools In which Instruction
in elementary science will be con
nected with labor; the males be
ing made acquainted with farm
ing, or some useful mechanical
art, and the females with house
hold duties and economy
For our own emolument, we shall
depend principally upon the flour
trade, the salmon fishery, the
culture of silk, flax, and hemp,
th lumber trade, and perhaps a
local business in furs. We shall
establish a regular commercial
communication with the United
States, drawing supplies of men
and goods from hence; and ultlm
ately. we shall contemplate the
opening of a trade with the varl
ous ports of the Pacific. A few
years only will be required to fill
the plains of Oregon with herds
as valuable as those of the Span
lsh savannas, and various sources
of profit will reveal themselves as
the increase of the population
shall make new resources neces
sary. We shall wish that no per
son In connection wtih us may
have a claim upon any tract of
land unless he shall actually set
tie upon and improve that land. .
We shall, of course, be very un
willing to settle in a savage wild
erness, without first having ob
tained a sufficient title to the
land we occupy, and without
being assured that political ob-'
stacles will not be thrown in the
way of our prosperity.
"'We are confident that our
settlement, more than anything
else, woud subserve the purposes
of our government respecting the
with tna Indians will give us an
influence over them which Am
ericans will hardly obtain by any
other means, and which, at a fu
ture day. may be found an ad
vantage to tbe United States. We
shall by the same means, as weU
as by our local situation, be pre
pared to hold la check the avarice
of a foreign power, and to estab
lish and maintain American in
terests generally, with the least
expense to the nation and the
best prospect of bloodless succ
For the reader not intimately
acquainted with early Oregon
history, the above quoted para
graphs will need eome explain
ing. The first reference is to
Lynn, Mass., th old home of Cy
rus Shepard and Susan Downing.
Shepard came with Jason Lee
across the plains in 1834. Miss
Downing came by boat with the
Xirst reinforcement for the old
mission, in 1837. They had been
engaged at Lynn, and they were
married at the old mission Jnly
it, 1837, at the same time Anna
Maria Pitman was married to
Jason Lee the first wedding of
white men and women west of
the Rockies. After Mrs. Shepard
was widowed, she married J. L.
Whitcomb, superintendent of the
The second quoted paragraph
opens: ' While Mr. Cushing was in
correspondence with Jason Lee."
Jason Lee. called by Bancroft.
the missionary colonizer," had
taken with him on his famous trip
eastward across the plains a peti
tion to congress, setting up the
claims of the Oregon country for
protection by the United States
government Caleb Cushing was a
member of congress from his
Massachusetts district, and he
took up the matter with Lee and
gave him great assistance in vari
ous ways. Along with Senators
Linn and Benton, Cushing was
among the greatest and most
powerful friends of early Oregon.
Cushing served four terms in
congress, from 1S34 to 1848. He
was nominated secretary of the
treasury by Tyler, but the sen
ate refused to confirm him. (Those
were bitter political days). He was
named as commissioner to China,
and was confirmed, and he made
the first treaty with that country.
He raised at his own expense a
regiment for the Mexican war and
went with it as colonel and while
still In Mexico was nominated for
governor of Massachusetts and
defeated.' He was associate Jus
tice of the supreme court of
Massachustts. la 1853, President
Pierce, appointed him U. S. at
torney general, which place he
held till 1SS7. He was chairman
of the democratic national con
vention at Charleston In 1860,
and he was one of the seceders
from that convention who met at
Baltimore. He served in various
useful capacities cjT Washington
during the civil war; was one of
the commissioners to revise and
codify the federal laws; was one
of the counsel in 1872 to settle
the Alabama claims; was nomin
ated for chief Justice of the su
preme court In 1873, but his
name was withdrawn. Was min
ister to Spain from 1874 to 1877.
He wrote a number of books.
Born January 17, 1800, he lived
till January f, 1879.
In Oregon the counties of Lina
and Benton are named for the
great friends In the senate of the
early helpers of the old Oregon
country in getting their rights
recognized. There should be a
Cushing county In Oregon, if ever
another Is named. The Bits man
cannot find even a Cushing post
office in Oregon, Washington or
Idaho, or Montana or Wyoming
that Is, in all the old Oregon
country though" there is one
each In Massachusetts, Iowa,
Minnesota, Nebraska, Wisconsin
For You For Today
A Jeweler sold 12 watches for
$585, receiving $30 for some and
$75 for the others. How many of
each did he sell?
Answer' to Yesterday's Problem
360. Explanation Multiply 28
by 22-7: divide by 1: divide into
K2R0 Divide 48 br7I2: divide into
Our relations 728. Multiply5 by 2.
Old Wills are dangerous,
often they are inoperative.
The next time you open your
safe deposit box, get out your
wilL Look it over, bring its
provisions up-to-date and fol
low the new and better meth
od of naming a corporate In
stitution, such as ours, as
Before you have your
lawyer attend to this matter,
consult with us about your
Ladd & Bush Trust
A. N. BUSH. President,
WIL 8. WALTON, Vice-En.
I P. AIPRICEL Secy.
JOS. H. AliBKRT, Trass Officer.