Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (May 4, 1930)
-: -r-- - - r - v . - - ... :
PAGE SIX ' The OREGON STATESMAN, Salem, Oregon, Sunday Morning,. May 4, 1930
. QMaMsaaaaaaaaaassBasBBBBsMaaaaa , . - 1 " - ' t
' ' ' " ;
Tie Valley Agriculturist and His Work
- Crops - - Farm Home - - Livestock
The Diversified Interests of
Willamette Valley Farmers
Mm. Madelaln CalHn, Valley Kwa dlor
of Hie Oregon Statesman. Is also In charge
of the marktt news of this paper. Kach
SunJy she writes concern! n? the sr-ultnral
iu-ws of interest to valley farmer.. Contribu
tions of merit m invited.
STEADY f ONE
Only Fractional Changes In
Price Reported During
loka Farm Produces
Prize Winning Duroes by
Unique Methods of Care
PORTLAND, x.rt'.. May 3
t Thu tr.inral market held
j U.t.-ie I.. Oaltin
t)ivyr expected to see a hog
ranch where there In no odor, no
mud and no nqural." said a reeent
visitor to loka farm.
Every guest at this very un
usual farm in the Waldo lull.
uvnNl and managed by A. N.
Doerfler. must bo impressed
steady during me j with theabseuce of those three
fractional changes Being regis- . f,t,ncra,,y aoropled rharac (eristics
tered' . ,,!.! ' t a hg ranch and yet it is not
in the catt e division cows were , ,ack of frM im.
up 26 rents to 9. 50-10.00. Heavy ,
steers at 10.75-U.J5. and vealers . presos v01'- ...
at 12 OO-U-00. were unchanged. The we.: kept condition of the
Heavy and lightweight hogs at entire farm is its most striking
50-10 75 and 11.00-11.25. re-t characterise. Not a board out of
rn.i .,pn .nrhmeed. Feed- Place, not a fence fn need of re-
era and stockera were down 25c
from the top at 10.50-12.50.
There was little doing in the
sheep class. ood o near
choice spring lambs were quoted
at 10.75-11.00-as the week turn
ed. Grain underwent a reaction.
Big Bend bluestcm moving up
one-half cent over last week'
close, but all other varieties de
ciding a cent. Big Bend was
quoted at 1.16; soft white and
western white at 104, and hard
winter, northern spring and west
ern red at 102.'
Oats took another drop losing
one dollar for the second succes
sive week. It was quoted at $30
for No. 2 38-lb.
. . i
pair, not a gate nomK paim,
fact nothing except perfect care
and order is evident at loka farm.
It is this same intelligent care
which has made It possible for
loka Duroc hogs to win more
prizes than any other Duroc herd
in the Pacific northwest. In a re
cent sock show In Utah, loka.
Farm Duroes were shown, along
with many other herds. from both
east apd west of the Rocky moun
tains, and were awarded the
highest honors and given more
prizes than all the other Duroc
A visitor to loka farm soon
realizes that it isn't just good
luck that has made this record
possible. On the contrary it haj j
achieved through years ot
. . ....
. , s " '
. , i ': ?V V v
FLY WAR 01!
CROPS GROW WHILE GLOOM
CLOUDS HOVER LOW
5 SI i
Cornell Entomologist to
Samplet of loka prize winners;
above, Fancy Stilts- of loka.
Junior Champion boar at the
1029 Oregon stale fair; below,
the mother of the family, Jun
ior Champion gilt at the same
. .; hnvin ! been achieved through years
Prices f o. K Portland. The oth- i work and study. The selection of
r varletiP continued unthanged. 'the best breeding stock has betJ
gutter and egs both were un
changed, the top for butter be
ng 38 cents, and for eggs, 26
Eastern Oregon wool wa still
quoted at 17-20 cents, and Oregon
hops, 1929 crop, at 5-8 cents.
Italian prunes were 8-11 V
cents, and petites were 9 cents.
nm ICnDRIIA HUE
CHOP TO BE SHORT
Price to Be Named May 8
Will Not Be Less Than
A. E. Bouineur, secretary of
the Willamette valley cherry
growers association, raceived a
telegram on Saturday from the
California cherry growers asso
ciation to the effect that the
California growers would not
name the cherry price before May
The message stated that the
California price would not be
less than eight cents. This does
not include delivery charge which
Is always four tenths' of a cent
The wire containing the infor
mation that the California crop
was about the same as last year.
Growers of this vicinity had been
led to believe that the southern
crop this year would be heavy but
last ytar's crop in California was
short and there is no prospect of
a heayier crop this year.
' The Willamette valley growers
were advised not to sell until the
California price was named.
icdccv ion to or
ULIIULI IIL1IU IUUL
SOLD AT nUCTIOil
Several years ago Mr. and Mrs
Ben C. Hall of Gervais purchased
a lew registered Jerseys for a
herd foundation. While their in
vestment was not large, they se
lected the cows with great care
as to type and blood lines. Most
the blood of St. Mawes Lad, Ox
ford You'll Do and Rinda Lad
Later on herd sires were select
ed from some of the best produc
ing families of Oregon Jerseys.
i rne young; stock shows the value
L of this breeding by both type and
.heavy production. Some have been
now winners and all are heavy
In recent years the production
of strawberries has taken such
leading part in the farming of
the Genrais section and as the
Hall's have devoted a large part
o 'their farm to new berry plant
Ings they are planning on dis-
poing of their Jersey herd. They
jIIl sell at auction on May 20
'which sale will give a number of
uarmers the oDDort unity of secur
ing some excellent animals from
jthis abortion and T. B. tested
formost in Importance in build
ing up the loka herd of Duroes.
For four successive years
loka farm Duroes won grand
champion boar at the Oregon
state fair and for five years at
! Pacific Internationl, a feat never
' c-uiialled by any other' herd.
The present herd s?re at loka
farm is Fancy Stilts of loka, a
on of Fancv Stilt?. "America's
' most popular Duroc sire.-'
i Feeding Method Vniqne
J N'ext in importance to select
ing breeding stock is the care and
t feeding of the animals and here
I the loka method is unique. There
. 1 . . . . An ft I ilif
is no wallowing m umu, uu :
of sour milk and slop, for loka
They are fed on a scientifical
ly balanced ratioif of ground
grain with a regulated amount of
fish meal, charcoal, oak m ashes,
and green grass in audition.
The feeding troughs are raised
off the ground several inches so
that the high rnay stand straight
while eating. This standing more
efcect while eating helps to keep
the hogs' front legs straight
which is very important in the
The brood sows on this farm
are only kept near the farm
buildings" during farrowing time
after which they are moved with
their colony houses to the low
lands on the headwaters of Pud
ding river where they are run
under more natural conditions.
Hogs running under these nat
ural conditions will travel from
one to several miles a day which
gives them more strength ana
itallty. which is a great am m
kPfnlnr them from disease.
Th owner of tliis hera De-
licves that because our soils and
water in the coast sections are
deficient in lime, it is very essen
tial that minerals be kept before
the stock at all times
Under these conditions It is
possible to grow a healthy nog
to more than a thousand pounas
in weight. Well bred Duroes on
this farm, and handled under
these conditions have often top
ped the market at five months of
age. One or tnese giant uurocs
that gred to more than a thous
and pounds was made grand
champion of the Oregon state fair
and Pacific International for three
years in succession and later the
world-wide Pathe Film News
featured this Duroc in motion
pictures in many of the principal
coast city theatres.
Early in the spring the- heard is
turned Into pasture where run
ning water is always available.
Self Feeders Attractive
Dotted here and there over
this pasture are the ' self feed
ers" glowing with their bright
red painted sides and green
roofs. These feeder houses save
much time and effort in the care
of the herd. Filled with the
ground ration they are so con
structed that the animals may
get the grain at any time but
only in such amounts as vilV be
eaten so that none Is wasted.
These feeders are moved here
and there about the pasture and
the hogs have with the grain an
abundance v of green feed. Run
ning water is available all sum
mer and the herd is kept in this
way until the show animals are
taken out in the fall.
The Duroes have won outstand
ing success in both breeding and
market classes and Mr. Doerfler
finds a ready market for them
j both for breeding stock and for
loka Duroes have been sold in
all the western states and as far
east as Florida. Because of their
unusually fine record in many
stock shows the loka Duroes are
well known and the loka method
of care is meeting with the ap
proval of the authorities in hog
Hog Prices Hit
OREGON STATE COLLEGE
Corvallls, May 3 Organized
work in corftrol of" the cherry
fnilt fly In western Oregon will
commence immediately with the
arrival here this week of S. C.
Jones from Cornell university.
New York, who has been appoint
ed field man for the entomology
department by the experiment
station to head up the control
Jones Is a graduate of this In
stitution who has since taken ad
vanced work in entomology at
Iowa State college. Mid has for
the last two years been field en
tomologist In New York state
handling control problems with
the cherry fruit fly there.
Provision for carrying on or
ganized control work was made
by the state emergency board
last month when special funds
were appropriated to finance the
project. Quick action was deemed
necesary in view of the severe
losss suffered by growers last
year coupled with stringent regu
lations announced by the federal
pure food division condemning
for canning any infested cherries
or those havine ever been in
fested even though the fly larva i
j; re gone.
The plan of campaign an
nounced by Dr. Don C. Mote,
head of the department of entom
ology, is to have the field man
check accurately the time of
emergence of the adult flies un
der varying conditions thfough
the territory known to be infest
ed. Relationship of emergence to
time of ripening of various var
ieies wil be checked by means
of cages or other methods.
When time to apply the spray
Is determined the information
will be broadcast at once to the
growers through county agents,
the press and by radio. A success
ful spray has been known for
some time but it Is useless unless
anplied within a few days of the
most effective time.
By the Market Editor
The usual spring crop failure in the Willamette valley is
with us and vast clouds of gloom radiate from those spots on
the landscape where growers of a certain type get together.
11 nas Deen saia mat we nave mice uup ianuico . p. . Cimm hA
gon, one in the fall when the season is either too wet or too Canning Of Frestt rTult AO-
dry ; one in the winter when it is either too cola or too warm ,
one in the soring when there is either too much or not
enough rain and then the harvest time comes and crops are
Just what is the psychology of the human gloom cloud .'
The question baffles experts. If Willamette valley larmers
could be freed of the crop failure complex nan oi tne proo-
lem of farm relief would have been solved.
From a recent survey conducted by the Oregon Journal
we read that the cherry crop this year will be so heavy as
tn hreak several Drevious records. Yet when the Willamette
valley cherry growers met in Salem Thursday evening the!
general opinion was that the crop would be only per cent
And then up spake a grower from the Dallas district
and reported an excellent crop. This gave courage to an
other grower not yet irinoculated with the gloom virus and
he reported that he expected at least a 40 per cent crop.
These were the only glimmers of hope however. A few did
admit that the crop would be better than last year but of
course last year was a failure.
"The loganberries are all winter killed" came a report a
few weeks ago. And yet present indications are that the
crop will be normal.
Last fall and during the winter most of us gave up hope
tsi Viainncr pvpn a taste of strawberries this serine. The drv
V J A V 4 aw A '
fall and cold winter had ruined all chances of a crop. And
now every indication is that the strawberry crop will be the
heaviest for many years with quality excellent.
Those of us who have lived in the atmosphere for many
years do not take these crop failures very seriously. Some
how we can not forget the bountiful harvests but our sym
pathies go out to the new comers who arrive just when the j
. . 1 l MTlt 'i it . .a t
Hog values declined a quarter, ;
closing with an $11.00 top for
light butchers. The little trading
done in cattle and sheep was at
quotably steady levels. Railroads
contributed but one car and total
estimates, including drive-i n s
were placed at 50 cattle, 10 calves
200 hogs and ?'0 sheep.
Trading in the hog division was
extremely slow to start, due to the
reluctance of sellers to let their
holdings go at the 25c lower bids,
and when operations finally be
gan they were on this basis. The
one load of light butchers and
practically all the best trucked in
offerings in that class stopped at
$11.00. Rough packing sows at
18.25 with odd head of smooth of
ferings at 9.00 looked steady as
did a little bunch of 146 pound
pigs at 111.00 with 130 to 140
pound weights at $10.25. Feeder
pigs arrived ia very small num
bers. Prices ranged from $11.75
to $12:50 depending on weight
and quality, those at $11.75 scal
ing only slightly over 100 pounds.
Nothing but drive-Ins were of
fered in the cattle division with
the early estimate calling for 50
cattle and 10 calves. With top val
ues given no test quotations were
continued nominally as of Thurs
day. Scattered head of cows grad
ing low medium reached js.uu
with the majority of the offerings
in the she stock class grading
from low cutter to common and
selling from $4.00 to $7.00. A bull
or two in the medium grade
reached $7.00 and calves and veal
ers all grading medium or lower
sold from $11.00 down to s.uu
Quotations for sheep and lambs
also were continued as of Thurs
day but on a purely nominal bas
is. Estimates were posted as zou
head, all expected rn trucks up to
this writing. Actual arrivals were
still much short of the estimate.
One little trucked in lot of choice
58 pound spring lambs cashed at
$11.00. Other sales were confined
to 59 to 69 pound cull to common
old crop shorn lambs hitting
around the $6.00 mark.
FLYER FORCED DOWN
COLTON, Cal., May 3 (AP)
Forced down by darkness here
tonight. Frank Goldsborough, 19,
trans-ocntinental flyer, was forced
to spent the night 70 mlks short
of Los Angeles where his adven
turous trip will end.
vocated for Northwest
Canned fresh Oregon prunes
as a means of using all the sur
plus crop or even the bulk of the
crop Is seen as a possibility by
those economists who have just
completed a study and market
survey of this crop at the O. S.
The study was made by Dr.
Milton N. Nelson, agriculturalist
of the experiment station and W.
H. Belden, a former assistant in
the department. The investiga
tion covered present and pros
pective production of prunes in
all countries, utilization of the
production in the northwest, vol
ume and disribution of the en
tire canned fruit pack of the
country, the production and dis
tribution of canned prunes In the
past and the factors for and
against this product in produc
tion and consumption.
Present Pack Light
At present the canning indus
try takes only ei?ht to ten per
cent of the northwest prune crop
and the total output takes only
about 0.2 per cent of the entire
northwest fruit pnek and but
1.5 5 per cent of the nation's an-
; nual production of canned fruit.
'The Oregon prune has un-
croD failure cloud hangs heaviest. Well, if they can just ! doubted cx. eiierce for canning.
4.:-l, i,til after hon-Pct it Mrm'r hAthor thorn omr I "l1""1 r"""" r-.... .
slu.iv ti u uiini im.i i..ow . art.,WPrt prune of large size and
more. Real Oregonians thoroughly enjoy these three crop fin flavor Many Ponf!UmcrBt
failures. however, have never heard of the
canned fresh prune and largo
numbers are unfamiliar with its
merits. The result if that where
retailers carry the product to all.
they complain of slow turnover
and in consequence feel obliged
to charge prices that give prunes
no advantage over canned fruit
that may cost a great deal more
Prunes Have Advantage
"Primes have an advantage
over certain other add fruits in
that they do not pinhole or swell
in the can." the report continues.
"Since the adoption of the enamel-lined
can there have been no
complaints of spoiling and In ad
dition the color is well preserved.
"The canned prune enjoys cer
tain distinct advantages over
most other fruits In eost iof pro
ducing and processing. The raw
product is cheaper, the loss of
weight before putting in the can
Is less, and the labor cost In
preparing the prunes for canning
is considerably lower than for
most other fruits."
Requirements for. expanding
the market for canned prunes
discussed by Dr. Nelson and Mr.
Belden are concerted advertising
and sales promotion, adoption of
more attractive nomenclature,
and greater uniformity of pack.
To bring. these about will require
that growers themselves indicate
a lively Interest In the program
and that canneries cooperate In
such a unified program, conclude
Straw and Lime
Bring Heavy Cherry
Crop, Says Staley
"The bet rhcri y n-op in
the district" is tin verdict
of those who have viit'I th
orchard owned by W. 1.
Staley and Frank Meredith
seven miles ctt of Salem,
This orchard is etuitel of
Royal Amies, three a res 1m -ing
old trees and five acres
bearing the second crop. An
other lO acres has not jet
tome into bearing.
Present indication aie
that there will be a full crop
of fine cherrk's on the orch
ard. Mr. Staley credits the
method of care of the orch
ard with the present crop
success. Four years ago a
thick straw mulch was put
around eacli tree and they
have not been cultivated
since that time. The straw
has been renewed but m
Three years ago 2m
pounds of crushed rock lime
was put around each old free
and lOO pounds around each
of the young trees.
This year amoiikini sulph
ate was ued around each
tree. The tree are sprayed
three times during the year,
once for brown rot, once for
beetle and once for worms.
As a result the quality of
cherries has N-en unusually
fine. A few yearn ago the
owners had difficulty in
marketing the crop because
the fruit was .small, running.
Sit to lOO to the pound. Last
year the cherries averaged
55 to the im)uikI.
T. J. Alsip Takes Carload to
North Dakota For
izations including the local Far
mers' union; from agricultural
authorities of Oregon State col
lege; and one from Governor Nor
Mad. He has supplied himself
with printed pamphlets contain
ing many tested recipes for cook
ing and serving prunes; also a
table of comparisons in which the
iron content of prunes is favorab
ly contrasted with that of raisins,
oranges, grapefruit, lemons and
many other fruits.
MONMOUTH, May 3 T. J.
Alsip, prominent prune grower of
this section who annually oper
ates a commercial prune dryer in
Monmouth, left this week by au
tomobile accompanied by his son
Russell, for their former home at
Brookings, South Dakota, upon a
somewhat unique prune selling
Alsip is shipping by freight a
carload of Polk county prunes to
taling 1400 cartons each contain
ing 25 pounds of prunes; 500 car
tons each contanlng 60 pounds.
Each carton is stenciled: Oregon
Grown Prunes, T. J. Alsip, Mon
Alsip plans to market the
prunes among his friends and for
mer neighbors of South Dakota in
a direct producer to consumer
transaction probably the first of
the sort ever involving prunes. He
will be away for several months,
and hopes to be able to sell more
than the amount shipped at this
time, and to create if possible a
Letters of endorsement are car
ried by Alsip from various organ-
Are in Field
Buyers for cherries and black
berries have been in the field dur
ing the past week but few sales
have been reported.
A price of five cents seems to
prevail for blackberries and indi
cations are that the crop will be
good. Cherry buyers are rather
looking over the field and few of
fers have been made. A sale at
seven cents was reported but most
growers will not consider less
than eight cents while some are
holding for nine.
SEATTLE. May 3 (AP)
John T. Campion, 64, retired capi
talist and former president of the
Seattle Brewing and Malting com
pany, died here today.
BOP OUTLOOK IS
An unusually lu-avy strawberry
crop is pronii.-ed by present condi
tions. The Sam- rondit Ion . pre
vails all alone 'lie coast and a
record breaking . rop is expert d.
The northwest jtach crop suffer
ed considerable damage from win
ter cold and a shortage is evident.
Prunes are looking much belter
than they did three weeks ago in
some places Italians were hart l ;t
but Date and Petite varieties h?ie
not suffered so much.
The apricot crop In the Willam
ette valley will be spotted. Some
orchards promise a heavy rnp
while others will be very light
A good crop or pears may ie
expected as report from t!e
southern district indicate a
heavy set. The late rains bve
not been favorable to polonization
of apples but whether or not the
damage has been grtnt has i oT
Early potato and other garil.a
vegetables are doing exceptionally
well. The rains have been jf
great benefit to hay and grain and
these crops will be heavy. Pic
tures also have benefited by the
rain and are In excellent condition.
Oregon Pulp and
BOND LEDGER GLASSINE
Support Oregon Products
Specify SaIem Made" Paper for Your
The "CATERPILLAR" TRACTOR with the KILLIFER DISC will cut as deep as the
ordinary plowing depth and at a much greater speed than plowing, securing better
mulch as the disc brings about a desired mixing action.
It also does little or no damage to fruit trees such as is often done in bring
ing roots to surface by the plow, method.
The "CATERPILLAR" - TRACTOR with POWER and PLENTY, its sure broad
footed grip that does not sink in, does not pack the soil, and a KILLIFER DISC is
the modern way tt tilling: ORCHARDS.
, Write or 'phone us for information what the "Caterpillar" and Killifer
Disc has done for other orchards.
Loggers & Contractors Machinery Co.
PortlawS, S4S E. llitlliw
Salem, S45 Center BC
HAVE YOU SEEN THE NEW
GOODYEAR HEAVY DUTY TIRES?
Never Before Has So Little Bought So Much!
Six-Ply Heavy Dor
A "SupeV Tire
at Ordinary Cost!
This strikingly hand
some new Goodyear has
an extra-thick A 11 -Weather
Tread over six
plies of powerful SU
Goodyear patented and
ned ONLY la Good
Tet it costs you
tore than aa ordinary
heavy duty tire because,
by building MILLIONS
MORE tiret this any
other company, Good
year can give greater
Six-Ply Heavy Duty
4.75 x 19 ...$10.75
5.00 x 191$11.45
5.25 x 20 $12.85
5.50 x 19 $14.25
5.50 x 20 $14.60
Save oa All Sixes!
We PROVE wh7
Coodvears are Best
Don't let anybody tell
you that "all tires are
about alike" or that
other Makes are "a
rood as Goodyears."
Come ia and we'll
PROVE why Goodyear
oatsell aay other make
GUARANTEED TIRE REPAIRING ESTIMATES FREE
Master , Service Station
North Commercial at Center
Complete Satisfaction wit hEvery Transaction