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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 2, 1930)
i . .. ... .. - - -.- - " i : im j .
"No F&vvr Stony lit; No Fear ShaU Awe."
Front First Statesman. March 28, IS 51
THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO.
Chaie A. Skagce, Sheldon F. Sackttt, Publisher
Chasles X. SnucuE ... Editor-Manager
SfiELMX F. Sackxtt
Member of the Associated Press
The Actoted Press l sxrtiujively entitled to the atm for ptibti
catk of all sews dispatcher credited to it or not otherwise credited
In this papr.
Paeifie Coast Advertising Representatives:
Artbnr W. Stypes, File, Portland, Security BM;.
8a Francisco, Sharon Bldg. ; Los Angeles, W. Pac Bids.
Eastern Advertising Representatires:
Ford-Farsons-Stecber, Inc.. New York, 271 Madison Arc;
Chicago, 360 N. Michigan Ave.
Entered at the Po$Uffiee mt Salem, Oregon, as Seeond-Clau
Matter. Published every morning except Monday. BuMneen
office 215 S. Commercial Street.
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Copy 2 ct-nts. On trains, and News Stands 5 cents.
Irrigation in the Valley
IMPORTANT experiments looking toward employing irri
gation on Willamette valley farms will soon be launched.
The source of supply will be wells rather -than diversion of
surface streams. The points seected for the trials are the
Sam Brown place near Geryais and the Rostvold dairy farm
near Monmouth. The effort is directed by the experiment
station of the state college and funds for the expense in
volved have been donated by railroads, banks and electric
utilities and the Portland chamber of commerce.
The Brown well will be from 125 to 150 feet in depth
and will have a twelve-inch casing. The expected flowof Vfe
gecond'feet will be enough to supply supplemental irrigation
to 100 acres of berries and small fruits. The Rostvold well
will be for irrigating pastures and hay land. If the experi
ments are successful the landowners will take over the wells
and, pay their cost into a revolving fund which will then be
tsecb to repeat the experiments.
''" "Agriculturalists and students of soil conditions in this
valley have long insisted that irrigation would be remuner
ative if applied scientifically to valley lands. The present
theory is that there is in most portions of the valley ample
guoup4- storage of water at reasonable depths, and that this
water can be pumped for the supply to the ditches. Electric
power lines now criss-cross the valley. Bup before irrigation
by pumping will be economical in this valley the power com
panies will have to supply a reasonable rate for pumping.
Those who have tried irrigation from wells report the rates
a prohibitive unless for a highly specialized and profitable
,h In other districts as in California, in Idaho, and around
Pasco, in Washington, power companies have made extreme
ly low rates which mike pumping by electric power feasible
for irrigating wells. The sponsors of-these experiments must
have assurances that rates will be established which will
lend encouragement to pumping from wells or they would
The application of low cost water to berry lands, to or
chards, to truck farms, etc., through the Willamette valley
would refeult in a marked increase of production. We suffer
here from long dry summers. The greenness of the country
i deceptive, because the moisture does not come in the late
summer months as it should for maximum production. Pas
tures and fields dry up and production is sharply curtailed.
These practical experiments are full of great interest and
will be followed closely by hundreds of people.
The farm board is skating on tliln ice in its dealings on the
wheat price. It has loaned millions to cooperative grain organizations
at $1.25 a bushel for wheat. The price slumped badly Thursday and
again Friday, taking the price down about 5c below the board's loan
level. Of course it day recover sufficiently so the coops can sell
tUfir holdings and get out without a loss. But as The Statesman has
previously pointed out, the attempt evenly the U. S. A. to sustain
a set price on a world crop like wheat is attended with great hazard.
Cuba failed on sugar, Britain on rubber and Brazil is failing on cof-
It looks as though they were taking William Fox "for a ride.
This chap who started with 11,600 and fought his way to the top
of the theatre business and the producing of talking pictures, is now
the football of creditor banks, disappointed stockholders. So long as
a man is touted as a winner all the world does him honor and hund
reds catch on his coattalls hoping to be swung into fortune. Then if
the leader stumbles, they rise and kick him. Fox overreached him
self; perhaps he indulged in high finance with the credit of the
companies he headed. But a man who can build up the organization
which he did, and who can get credit for 0.000,090 la a man of
t kill and power no matter what happens.
The state college is pulling off a public speaking contest among
high, school students. The supt. of public instruction ought to tell
the colleges to let the high school kids alone. They have enough to
do with pre-collegiate frat rushing, conference at the university, ed
ucational expositions at the college, to say nothing ot their own high
school activities that extra contests like these merely make the bar
den that much greater. Schools have forgotten Emerson's recom
mendation of "plain living and high thinking."
O DAY OF REST AJJD GLADNESS
Why not a newspaper moratorium on prohibition. Brookhart,
Bore-ah, Salem water 4 Chicago, farm relief, Byrd, plan wrecks,
new models, city politics?
. . Yes, we forgot all about that chain letter that was to brjng us
bad luck. Here it is-the ninth day. We haven't -been, shot, hit by an
.-tto, bitten by a germ, Tamped, diverted, thrown la Jail, nor had
our checks seat back nst, That to defying the) jinx and getting away
with it; and wo aren't rapping, oa wood bow, either.
The Klamath TaU district 'ndudtng the Indian reservation
furnishes more cases for federal eonrt mi Portland than amy other area
of the state unless it bo Portland, Business 1 unlet when there isn't
a quartet of bootleggers tod tnch Ck from the Klamath country
waiting for trial in federal court,
Noile of the Portland papers has told Portland what to do with
the Carey and Harlan fairytale scheme for solving th streetcar prob
lem; but many of the out-state papers hare, so Portland has had tho
benefit of opinion about as expert as that of tho sponsors the plan.
Do they run railroads any more? It Is hard to find them on tho
modern maps. All they seem to. print are tho highways. The railroad
companies still get out timetables, but tho maps in them are pro
versions of geography.
The words "fundamentally sound which we read so frequently
.now in tho statements of big bankers remind us strangely of the
words "strategic retreat" we used to hear so often from the Russian
and French generals in lt!4.
Jou'ett Shouse. somehow that name sounds awfully alcoholic.
But he lived in Kansas so it couldn't be true. Besides he is chairman
of the national democratic committee.
Bob Buhl of Medford Is still in L A. mopping up on the sex
cases In the L. A courts. No wonder the Mll-Trfbne has such a
, - .
Customs officers In this' district are vigilant la barruf parrots
from entry, for fear of admitting germs that would gtr parrot-fever.
rNo need of parrot anyhow now that we have radios.-
Maybe if more town had the Chicago city finance disease thr
. wouldn't b go many candidate for jUee em th puhU aayroUa.
The day's newsiest aUa:
tlon. Eugene Guard.
KfrtB ftattl to resort frA th EaUa watar-tront
Klamath is where ta west ends.
-Senate had Us rw n pxehiU-
! . . (3 (GGT OOTA THE jWATEgl
BITS for BREAKFAST
-By R. J. HENDRICKS'
Some way must be found:
Said Arthur Brisbane in his
syndicated article printed In Am
erican newspapers having many
millions of readers, under date of
Jan. 27: "Investigators in Cali
fornia's San Quentin prison find
that idleness is the curse of pri
son life, leading to rebellion,
brooding and vice. Investigators
might make the same report, far
from San Quentin, at Palm Beach,
Agua Caliente, Newport, and oth
er well known resorts. - For those
made worthless by inherited, or
too easily acquired wealth, there
is no cure, generally, but the un
dertaker. But there should be
some way ot keeping convicts bu
sy, and interested in work. They
should not compete to the detri
ment of free labor or private busi
ness, but they may be occupied
with fair profit to themselves,
without such competition and
made to know, by experience, that
work is better and more profita
ble than crime."
Mr. Brisbane is right. "There
should be some way of keeping
convicts busy and Interested in
work." And there is only one
way, as society is now organized.
That way is to give them work,
and wages for their work, at
tasks that will fit them for em
ployment at gainful occupations
outside the prison walls when re
leased. In the Oregon penitentiary, un
der the revolving fund law, this
is being done for part ot the con
victs; and a fundation is being
firmly laid for extending the sys
tem to all Inmates. This prison
is approaching ideal conditions. It
will be made self supporting,
through the system under which
it Is now being operated, and this
will lead to the other reforms that
are demanded by the rules ot
modern penology. There will be
educational training for the illit
erate and poorly equipped in
mates in book learning. There
win be segregation of the near
hopeless and habitual criminals
from the young men and first of
fenders. There will be selection
of employment tasks te fit nat
ural tastes and temperaments.
There will be scientific training
10 orient uiscnarged men In so
ciety, upon release. On an aver
age, two such, men are ach day
now sent tolck into the ranks ot
society; and this average jrtH in
crease with the growth of- Ore
gon m population. "
That-all sounds good, tor Ore
gon. It is good. The situation
will grow better constantly, if the
program is not tampered with or
But what ot California's San
Quentin prison, where, .as- Mr.
Brisbane says, "investigators
find that Idleness Is the curse of
prison life, leading to rebellion,
brooding and vice?"
Investigators have found this.
and penologists have known it for
a long time. The educational sys
tem at San Quentin has been a
model for the country. The
United States government is tak
ing the man at the head of that
system and giving him a situation
with like duties at tho federal pri
son at Atlanta, Georgia. Evident-
ly at an advanced salary. But his
work at Atlanta will not be pro
duetlv of greater good than it
has been at San Quentin, if th
educational training Is not back
ed np by labor and dally wages
Th idle man. In prison or out of,
prison. Is apt to be a greater men
ace with a trained mind than
without it,' Mere learning may b
a detriment to him, and to those
with whom he araociates. Learn
ing eoupled to directed energy
through toQ 1 th solvent far go
elty His. No great' good ever
nas or rrer will com from idle-
It always ha been and Tfc
THIS COMMANDING POSITION
er will be true that the devil will
find work for idle hands to do.
In California, there has come
one and only one concrete propo
sition out of the Investigation
which Mr. Brisbane mentions.' It
is to make the proposed new pri
son to be located in the southern
part of that state an Industrial in
stitution, with a farm and other
facilities for giving its inmates
employment. No definine plan has
been made to relieve the desper
ate conditions due to idleness in
either th prison at Folsom or the
one at San Quentin; the latter the
largest penitentiary in population
In the United States, with over
4,000 'behind Us grim walls. "
Perhaps the proposed new Cal
ifornia prison may point the
way for improved conditions at
San Quentin and Folsom, for it
is proposed to make the institu
tion in the southern location in
effect a reformatory for young i
men and first offenders. They
will thus manifestly be divided
into at least three grades the
convicted man entering the mid
dle grade and being graduated up
to the first or reduced to the third
according to his disposition and
conduct in prison life.
But, after all. to become effec-1
tive In the way of reform and re
habilitation for society's ranks,
California will have to find some
thing for her convicts to do oth
er than mere farm work. That Is
good, but it will have to be sup
plemented with employment in,
the trades and occupations ot ev
ery day life outside ot pfrlson
walls. So the men at the head of
her prisons, the two now in the
north and the one to be buUt in
the south, will have the task of
making the people of California
see that they cannot oppose all
gainful occupations tor prison
ers if they expect to have any
great success in reforming their
citizens sent to penal servitude.
And that will not be easy. The
majority ot people who raise or
make anything, or who work tor
those who do make and raise
things, are ag&intt prison labor
That is the crux Of the whole
situation. It is so in all the oth
er states; for while la this conn
try we hare 48 different prison
systems, one for each of our
I BABY BORN
clars. OSkers arnsxUt kmfndtn 1? ww
Tho aSttr has aroused a
states, this prejudice Is common
to all of them.
Many things must be don In
order to reduce our "crime wave"
In the United States, bnt to ov
ercome this prejudice is the thing
of prime and primary. Importance.
And that is a task that will re
quire a long time for its accom
plishment,. 7 m e
Fortunate above all other
states, as- has been said many
times in this.-column, is Oregon,
where we have raw materials and
employments that do not and will
not interfere with but will rather
promote and protect the inter
or make flax products, and who
furnish agricultural lime so much
needed in all our western Oregon
... Of Old Oregon
Town Talks from The States
man Our Fathers Read
February 2, 1905
Claims presented by the four
state normal schools at Drain,
Monmouth, Ashland and Weston
and now being considered by the
legislative joint committee on
ways and means aggregate $200,
000. Tho amount appropriated
for 1903 totaled $88,000.
Prof. Albert R. Sweetser, state
biologist at Eugene, will give two
or three lectures on bacteriology
and logical water analyses before
the medical college ot Willamette
M. Trestor, the house-mover,
will begin work of moving the
Central school buildings this
morning, preparatory to excava
tion for the new senior high
school buUdings this morning,
preparatory to excavation for the
new senior high school building.
The "Little Central" will bo mov
ed over onto the Dugan lot re
cently purchased by the school
board and the "Big Central" will
be taken to the southeast corner
of the school grounds.
PENDLETON, Feb. l-(AP)
About 109,000 bushels of 1930
wheat in Umatilla county have
been contracted for by grain of
fice her. The prices are said
to rang frpm L10 to $1.15 a
bushel On contract is said to
call tor 40.0I Vaahels at S1.10J
tterm f .dbeasies iOTta.
Hake Effort to Correct ThU Speech Defect Early in
Life, Advises Dr. CopeUnd. Don't Let It Be-
come m Fixed Habit.
By ROYAL S. COPELAND, M. D.
United States Senator frem New York.
Former Commixtioner of Health, New Tor Oxtp.
SOMETIMES stammering is brought on by seme injury or -disease.
Usually it begins early in life, even with the first attempts to
It is influenced very much by surroundings, or by any emotion.
when ones it
If it is
sKIa nVviiiKal Jofiut 1t.lnHu. j .
trouble. Intense nervousness and
are often accompanied bv aoeeeh
The cause should be ascertained and corrected.
nouie oe encouraged to overcome
the speech detect. He should never
be made tua of or criticised. Gain
his -confidence and do everything- la
a eympatheUe manner to assist him
to gala his self-control.
Memorising abort poems er prose
ta a very good practice. Reading
aloud, very slowly at first, and be
ing1 made to correct each error of
speech and pronunciation, will help
him to gain seif-aaiurance. This
comes very gradually, but it is th
only Way to give the child poise.
By reciting te one or two- friendly
persons the child is given eonO
dene and he will gradually over
come the dlfXtooity.
Both stammerer aad teacher wtQ
have to exercise much patience. To
the young man er woman coming
From Other Papers
STEPHEN T. MATHER
Th name of the late Stephen
T. Mather is eminent in the story
of the national parks. He was an
exceptional example of a man
highly successful in business step
ping into the government service
to pursue a grand hobby on a
grand scale an Ideal employ
ment, from the public's point of
view as well as his own of his
time and energy. Mr. Mather
entered the Department of the In
terior, at Secretary Lane's invita
tion, to devote himself to the
country's natural masterpieces, in
which his heart was wrapped up.
It was largely owing to his initia
tive that the National Park serv
ice was established. He was its
first director. Under his manage
ment the park system was corre
lated and expanded and its poli
cies were defined. He carried on
tho duties of his office under
three presidents and five secre
taries of the interior with unfail
ing enthusiasm and fine judg
ment. In all those years there was the
threat of exploitation and of the
lowering of park standards. Mr.
Mather ably resisted both. He
guarded the parks against indus
trial encroachment. He provided
access and conveniences for the
vast influx of motor tourists
without Impairing the beauty of
the park wilderness areas. It
was a tribute to his sincere per
suasiveness that he regularly got
the needed appropriations from
congress for park maintenance.
He always had a good press; he
was not the less articulate be
cause he was an alumnus of "The
New York Sun." His own writ
ings, Indeed, did a great deal to
crystallize the popular apprecia
tion of park values. He was a
generous contributor from his
private purse to park improve
ments, and his gifts were supple
mented by friends in closest touch
with his unselfish work. It was
the country's good fortune to have
the national parks during a crit
ical period administered by one
so comprtent and so eager for the
task. New Tork Herald-Tribune.
ANGORA (API Women first!
Is th cry of th Turkish govern
ment a it launches it new war
for economic stability wtth the
first attack against traditional
Women must lead In tho renun
ciation ot luxuries, and the men
will follow, claims Ismet Pasha,
the prime minister.
"Our women must renounce the
silks and perfumes of Paris.' he
Cold parliament. "Clad In Turkish
fabrics and bedecked with the
flower ot our own Anatolian
mountains, they must take the
lead in Turkey's struggle for ec
onomic salvation, just as their
mothers took the lead in carry
ing ammunition and supplies in
our War of Independence.
"Once economy and moderation
are entrenched in the home, it
will be impossible for men to re
sist this happy influence. Our na
tional existence which has already
surmounted obstacle after obsta
cle, will thus no longer be endan
gered by our Inability to regular
ise our means ot subsistence."
RICKEY, re. 1. Mrs. George
Edwards who has been ill, I
Frank Karris, who has been 111
tor the past month, left Wednes
Noted Health Authonty
Fear or fatigue will be found to make it more
pronounced. Young men and- women are ex
tremely sensitive to this difficulty of speech,
has become a fixed habit
There Is a difference between stammering
and stuttering. In the latter titer is n sort ot
spasm, particularly when an attempt is made to
pronounce the explosive sounds necessary for
letters b. d. c k. and t.
The treatment for this difficulty of stammer
ing is a matter of education. In the case of
young children who have no serious physical
a disease like St. Vitas dance or
the muscles of speech, it is possible
stammering through patient and
found that a younr child has difficulty
to pronounce certain words, he should be thor-
OUPhhr examined tn bm if n. lias in Hi aww.
.'1- j j ? J v5 .LS-
a deformity in the nose or throat
Then the child
into maturity, such a speech defect
is extremely mortifying, and the
habit, for It is a habit, sbonid be
broken when the child is young.
f Answer to Health Queries)
JB. D. D. Q. How can X remove
freckles from my face?
J What should a boy Weigh who
is IS years old and I ft. t in. taUT
aontrlnK eaual Darts of
lemon juice and peroxide to the skin.
X For his age and height he
should 4retcH about 111 pounds.
M. J. 8. Qw What should a girl
of 14. 4 ft. 1W la. tall weigh?
UNTOj THE SUN BE HOT
"Let sot the gti of Jerosslem Is
opened until the inn be hot." Xehe
niah VII :J.
What a contrast between the
ancient walled cities and the mod
ern cities with unguarded gates!
When the shadows of evening fell
on the Judean hills the porters
swung shut the new gates which
Nehemiah had placed in the recon
structed walls of the old town.
Tight shut they remained beyond
daybreak "until the sun was hot."
Then when the slight manpower
of the only half restored city was
roused and clothed was it safe to
open the city's portals.
The modern city is unwalled,
no ponderous gates stand where
the highways enter. Trains, motor
cars, pedestrians move in and out
with freedom. There is the night
in the heart of the city when its
discordant noise is stilled. Only
the outcry ot a late reveler or the
occasional bang of a car may be
heard, the sound echoing and re
echoing In the canyon walls of
trie deserted streets. Then long
before daybreak there comes the
day for Walla Walla, Washing-
ion, wnere ne will enter the vet
on their rounds, men goin ear
ly to work. The low. distant hum
grows. It waxes stronger' and
stronger like the coming of a
flood of waters, a crescendo of
erans' hospital for treatment.
Harold Blanchard has pur
chased a new Ford roadster.
Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Llnbeck and
family of Auburn wore guests of
Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Magee Sun
day. A group of little girls from
this community attended the
birthday party of Joyce Kelly of
Kenneth Sheridan started his
milk route tho first of the month.
Beverly McMlllin who has been
out of school for some time on
account of illness, returned to
vt f .
St. Valentine's Day
the perfect, time for a party!
Whether you plan to gite ft chiMretfi
part y, a bridge luncheon for the crewn-ups
or go to somebody ebe party trip to our
tore will ead your party perplexities.
Here you win find everything necessary
for a gay and colorful party--iaYiUtionsp
place cards, taffies, favors, decorations,
prizes and Valentines galore.
Come while yonr thole is unfimlied.
Its HV Coauneitial g.
fWhat efcoesi no of Iff, I ft,
E la. tall weigh?
S What cause putfiaeas of th
ey elide and what oaa be done te cor
rect th trouble T Th patient to It
aad has had this trouble for three
years. H has had kidney trouble.
Av She should weigh about 11
2 He should weigh about 121
3 This is usually indicative el
kidney trouble. A careful uriaalyalf
should help to make a definite dies?
nosis and then proper treatment can
be outlined. Late hours and eye
strain are also poeslMe causes.
H. M. Q.Wba cause tiny b!k
ters on my feet at the first sign of
A. This is probably eczema. Tout
diet and elimination may be at fault,
For full particulars send a self ad
dressed, tamped eavelope and re
peat your question.
J. V. S. Q. What Is the cause
and what will clear up pimples ea
the shoulder blades?
A. These blemishes usually denote
improper diet and poor elimination.
Correct your diet. Avoid too many
sweets and keep the system clear.
Sally. Q. What do you advise for
a condition where the eyellda are
swollen and puffed, oter the eyes
rather than underneath?
A. -My advice would be to have'
your doctor advise you after exam
iaatien. The treubte may be due te
several causes: the kidneys, nossdbl
eyestrain, etc.. may be at the source,
B. 2. Q. What causes the prea
ence ot small red veins la th noe
especially at the sides?
S What causes small waits saat
under the eyes?
A. This trouble la caused bv nrL
OUS disturhanrM tH i.
-- .. - - .vdwu ta
often a factor. Correct your diet and
seep m system cieer.
t These blemishes mar ba
acne. In this ease also the disc and
elimination mrm lm
stir, streetcars resume, trucks get
commerce and traffic, until the
city is awake and its vast and
cumbrous motion Is renewed for
Nehemiah was no pacifist. Je
rusalem had bitter rivalry with
the newer city of Samaria which
had sprung up during the captiv
ity In Babylon. Panballat the Moa
bite and Tobiah, an Ammonite.
I sought by force and by strategem
to prevent the rebuilding of Jeru
salem. But Nehemiah, practical
man that he was, managed his
men so that "every one with one
of his hands wrought in the work
and with the other hand held a
weapon." Keeping fast the city
gates was but another form of se
curity. No inviting the hazard in
early morning by premature op
ening of the gates "safety first."
"Until the sun be hot" there
Is the recognition of strength and
maturity. Lurking shadows, "grey
twilights, faint-tinted dawns, star
set night, all give pleasing variety
to nature and to life. They offer
contrast and change, they come
as refreshment and offer rest and
relief. But the day's task Is in
the midday, in the maturity of
life, In the years ot full and boun
I wrote not long ago of the
"greyness" of maturity. There
need need be no greyness If one
read the lesson at the heart of
this phrase, "until the sun be
hot." There In the midday of life
with large tasks to perform, with
heavy responsibilities to assume,
with dangers to face, and criti
cism and opposition, there when
powers are at the zenith and the
tide of life runs full, why speak of
"grey days?- Think rather of the
warm, stimulating, invigorating
sun whose heat and light make
possible the largest success in
midday. Likewise in the middle
years o life lies the opportunity
for the greatest accomplishment.
If the "sun b hot" throw open
the gates, to meet all foes, to un
dertake all tasks.
ercial 800I1 Store