The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, February 02, 1930, Page 10, Image 10

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    .... .,. . - - - . ...... : . -. vT - V
wb of the Farmer and Hub Work
Editor'. Note r
Mrs. Madelaine' Callln. Valley Newt idltor
of Th Oregron Statesman, is also in charge
of th market w of tbls paper. Each
Sunriay - on this pas "h will ' portray tha
agricultural news of interest to valley farm
era, Contribution of merit are Invited, i
o o
Markets - - Crops Farm Home -- Livestock;
The Diversified Interests of
the Valley Agriculturalist
1 1
Wheat and Oats Toboggan
While Other Prices Show
Little Change
general and sweeping reduction in
grain marked the turn of the
week 1n the market situation
here. Wheat sold off soven cents
and oats was battered down a dol
lar. Big Bend bhtestem, selling at
1.34 last week, was offered at
1 27 at the close. Soft white and
-western white were orf seven cents
at 1.16; bard winter, northern
spring and western red were quot
ed at 1.14, off from 1.20. No.
2, 38 lb. -white oats sold at 34.00,
eft one dollar.
There was little change in live
stock. TjattJe and sheep held firm
and unchanged. Lightweight higs
sold off 15 cents from the top,
and feeders and stockers were off
25 cents. Heavyweights went at
9.00 010.75; lightweights at 10-.-75
010.85. and feeders and stock
rs, 9.60 10.50.
Whole milk was quoted at $2 30
per hundred, " delivered In Port
land, unchanged from the recent
drastic drops. Butter was off a
cent, however, extras going at 38
cents, standards 37, prime firsts
36 and firsts 3,4N , ,
Alfalfa bay was Up SO cents to
24 924.50. All other varieties
held unchanged.
Wool continued at last week's
prices, eastern Oregon grade go
ing 'at 2026, and valley grade
at 3.033.
Hops, too, were unchanged at
Htt per pound, 1929 Oregon
' Oregon livestock values on Jan
wary 1, 1930, show a very marked
reduction. A reduction is Indicat
ed in every class of livestock al
though sheep show the greatest
slump according to a report re
leased through the federal state
cooperative Reporting Service by
Paul C Newman, Agricultural
Statistician in charge.
While the total number of
sheep in Oregon remains unchang
ed as compared to January 1,
1929, the average price ot all
classes Is only $9.00 a head com
pared to $11.60 a year ago and
the slump in total value is $6,
374,000. With sleep numbers re
maining stationary and with the
big slump in value, it appears that
the steady increase of " sheep
through the past few. years has
received a definite check.
Dairy cattle in Oregon failed to
Tegister any increase and the num
ber on farms is estimated at 220,
000 head, the same as a year ago.
The average value per head
slumped $8.00 a head to $80.00.
The present estimate of total val
ne of all dairy cows and heifers
Is $17,600,000 compared to $19,
360,000 a 'year. ago.
Beef cattle are therefore re
sponsible for practically all of the
7,000 increase In all cattle num
ber which Is placed now at 700
, 000 compared to 693,000 a year
ego. The total value of all cattle
is placed at $38,527,000 compar
ed to $41,511,000 a year ago rep
resenting an average reduction of
$4.90 per bead of all classes.
The January 1, 1930, inventory
of bogs on farms in Oregon is 15
per cent smaller than a year ago.
The average value increased $1.10
per head to $11.60, but the total
value for all hogs is estimated at
$2,270,000 compared to $2,408,
000 a year age.
Oregon horses and colts on
farms January 1, 1930, is eight
per cent less than a year ago and
the average value per head for all
ages is $62.00 compared to $65
a year ago. No change In the num
ber of mules occurred but the av
erage value decreased $5 to $66.
The estimated total value of all
work stock is $11,614,000 com
pared to $13,1.8,000 on January
1. 1929. Of this total horses of
all ages are valued at $10,362,000
on. January 1, 1930, compared to
$11,783,000 a year ago.
The Salem Uut Growers associ
ation has bought cooperatively a
carload of ammonium sulphate
from the Ford Motor company.
It is expected to reach Salem this
week and will be. distributed to
the buyers at the Oregon Electric
freight depot. Practically all the
carlot vts taken by the members
of the coop, the remainder being
purchased by I. O. Herrold.
The Ford cmpany eent a man.
to Salem' to conclude the sale. The
price Is $55 a ton In 100-lb. bags.
The man with requirement of on
ly one or two bags gets the car
lot price, Secretary. If. P. Adams
of the cooperative explained. "In
this way the small grower will be
greatly benefited." ;
- Mr. Adams stated further that
this is the first time the local as
sociation has bought cooperative
ly. It has been engaged ra selling
- nuts grown by .members on a co
operative basis for some years,
but has not tried to buz for them
until the purchase of this carload.
A saving of $450 is estimated on
this purchase. . '
Ammonium ; sulphate Is ' la
heary demand among) the kortl
cultrallsts of the Taller as fer
tilization is needed to produce the
Laying Hens Need
Extra Care During
Cold Weather
A damp lioiite raases cold
and other troubles" for the
' bird), and - a loss of money
to owaers. Experience has
shown that waslietl eggs are
Miitable only for immediate
consumption, and will not
stand for any length of time
nnder storage conditions.
If leghorns are hatched
too early they may start
laying early and bare a fall
moult before cold weather.
This throws them oat of lay
ing all winter. Test after
tert has proved that a plen
tiful supply of liqoid milk Is
one of the best ingredients la
the ration for chicks of any
size. Shavings are superior
to straw a litter for hens,
as well as for nest material
to prevent Foiled eggs.'
largest and best quality crops. The
Ford interests have been making
ammonium sulphate for a good
many years, and Ford dealers
have sold the fertilizer in the
farming communities.
Eugene Courtney Makes
Deal With Libby McNeil
1 and Libby
WOODfiURN, Feb. 1. Eugene
Courtney, chairman of the State
Bankers' association banker
farmer committee, has recently
secured a contract from Libby
McNeil and. Libby of Portland for
500 tons of Dark Red Detroit
Last year this company secured
beets from 100 acres of land in
Clackamas, Marion and Multno
mah counties but due to the fact
that only those raised ln Marion
county were found to be satisfac
tory to canning they intended to
abandon this branch of their
work. Mr. Courtney, hearing of
this, went to Portland where he
interviewed the company officials
and because of the excellent qual
ity of the beets from this county
he was able to secure the con
tract. This vegetable is best grown
on saijdy or beaverdam river bot
tom land and any farmer tho has
such available acreage should
consult Mr. Courtney concerning
this newly developing branch of
agriculture. Only a remarkably-
short time is needed from . the
planting of this vegetable until it
is ready for the cannery. Mr.
Courtney has full faith that the
farmers of this district will be
able to fulfill the contract and if
they will see him he will tell them
full particulars regarding the
seed, variety and method ot rais
ing these beets.
This new branch industry
should prove extremely adaptable
to this section with its suitable
soil and the future in it is easily
seen. The farmers signing the
contract ths year will be given
the preference in next year's con
tract which will undoubtedly be
KOAC Broadcasts
Farm Outlook
The 1930 agricultural outlook
report for Oregon will he broad
cast from KOAC section by sec
tion during the .week of February
3-. 1 Beginning on Monday even
ing at 8 o'clock the general as-
fcecta of the report will he 5 con
sidered. For - he balance of the
week the more specific informa
tion will be arranged eaeb even
ing in the following order: field
erops, 8 o'clock Tuesday; lire-
stock, 7:15 and dairy, 8 o'clock
Wednesday; poultry 8 o'clock
Thursday; and horticultural pro-
dusts 7 o'clock Friday. v
WA&ONMOUND, N. T.f Jan. 31
AP) A chamber f com
merce composed entirely of wo
men, was organized -at Wagon-
moMd.-'.--"---r . ' . . :,
Keep Your Money In Oregon
Buy Monuments Made at v
Salem, Oregon ;
Capital Monumental Worka
J, L JMf A Co., Proprietors
All Rinds of Monumental .
Factory and Office: .
-.1210 8. Commercial SL -,
Opposite 1. O. O. F.
Cemetery. Box tl ,
Phono f 89 ' Salem. Oregon
Successful Poultry Raiser
Glad He Came to Oregon
"I like the way the folks in
this country advertise. The fruit
in the newspapers and magazines
just makes one want to eat it. In
Switzerland people don't adver
tise so much." said Julius Gehr
ing, as we stood in one of his
modern chicken houses and look
ed over a fine bunch of White
Leghorns as one would ever find
"And do you like Oregon?" I
was encouraged to ask.
"Like Oregon!" . he repeated.
I don't think there is a better
place than right here. You think
you have hard times here. You
don't know what hard times are.
You complain of high taxes. How
would you like to pay $75 for a
license for a Ford? That's what
you'd have to pay in Switzerland.
If you think this winter has been
cold, just try one in Switzerland."
"Of course,', 'he continued as
he went from the pen containing
the fine Tancred strain to one
containing equally fine White
Leghorns of the Hansen strain,
"Switzerland has Itsgood points,
but I like Oregon fine. There is"
no better place in the world for
poultry raising than on the Pacific
Much more of interest did Mr.
Gehring tell of his native land,
but that, as fiction folk are wont
to remark, is another story. I
set out to tell of his really suc
cessful venture as a poultry man.
However, just a touch of Mr.
Gehrings early life and how he
came t- be a poultryman In Ore
gon may not be amiss.
Mr. Gehxing was, as you have
undoubtedly guessed, born ' in
Switzerland. His father was a fac
tory owner; his brothers own fac
tories there now. Mr. Gehring was
himself educated to be a banker,
but as his eyes were none too
strong he set out to see the world
instead. Finally he wandered on
to Oregon. An injury here made
it necessary for him to give up
heavy work, and so, in 1919, Mr.
Gehring started in the poultry
business on his 40 acre farm a
short distance from Silverton. His
start was 13 purebred White
Leghorns. He believes that it is
not weU to start out with more
than one knows how to handle.
- Small Start Advised
, "Begin with not so many, and
as you learn to take proper care
of these then add me' is one
of his principles. Evidently an
other princple of his Is that at
no time has one acquired enough
knowledge to discontinue his stu
dy. He informed us that he read
all he could secure on poultry and
always tried to find out what the
other fellow was doing with his
"I may have heard r read
scmie. of it before but sometimes
one forgets and It Is well to be
reminded," he explained.
By 1925. Mr. Gehring had
quite a flock of poultry. But his
mother, who was keeping bouse
for him, wanted to see her old
home and to visit her children
there, so he sold his stock and
accompanied her to Switzerland.
For a time he remained there.
However, Oregon was not so easi
Gideon Otolc
Company r
Manufacturers of -Vinegar,
Soda Water,
Fountain Supplies
apes company
Man a fact
Srjppnrt Oregon Prodncts
Specify fSakm Made' Paper for Your :
Office SUtloaery .
ly forgotten, and at the end of a
twelve-month he returned, bring
ing with him his bride. It was
npon his return that be began his
poultry raising in earnest.
Progress Rapid
Few poultry farms In Marion
county have made more substan
tial progress since their start than
has been made on the Gehring
farm. Mr. Gehring secured his' be
ginning right from the Hansen
and Tancred rarms and today he
can supply chicks and stijiklfrom
either of these great laying strains
or 'from a combination of both.
There are four large,' modern
laying houses on the Gehring
poultry farm. Two of these are
equipped with O. S. C. trap nests
and trapnestlng Is done 365 days
out of the year. Each house has
three separate outside runs pro
vided, and every six months the
chickens are changed from one
run to another. During the year
that the runs are not occupied,
they are plowed, limed, and
planted into either kale or grass.
There are 300 hem kept in each
pen. Mr. Gehring figures ' from
three and half to four square feet
to each hen.
There are also three brooder
houses and a number of colony
houses with plenty of range for
the pullets. The 14 by 36 foot In
cubator house is equipped with a
number, of Charter incubators of
540 egg capacity each.
Stock Very 'Healthy
; The Gehring poultry Is certain
ly a vigorous and healthy looking
group. Mr. Gehring reports that
his chickens have been remark
ably free from disease. In order
to insure this he keepi them vac
cinated and immune to disease
through the assistance of the col
lege veterinary department. Pa
trons of Mr, Gehring are report
ing very low mortality in their
chicks and wonderful egg produc
tion from their pullet stock.
Mr. Gehring's hens will aver
age four and a half pounds a
piece. From this fine group he
carefully selects his breeding
stock, choosing only the large vig
or&us, heavy producing hens
which lay standard size, pure
white eggs. His hens are mated
to males from trannest, heavy
producing hens wren records of
from '260 to 300 eggs. Few peo
ple realize, he explained, that the
cockerel Is 75 of the flock. Mr.
Gehring is particularly proud, as
he has a right to be, of one hen
which laid an egg a day contin
uously for 117 days and finished
the year with 300 to her credit.
For breeding stock, Mr. Gehr
Now i the. Time to
Plant Shrubbery
1625 Market Tel. 2124
Everything In
Cofabs & Mitchell
A. P. Kebay, Manager
S49 S.' 12th St.
Phone SIS
orers of
Pulp and
o I
Two .laying
honaea, brooder
house and bans
on the Cirhrlag
pealtrjr farm
near HilvertoB.
Vr. Gehring baa
both Hansra and
. Tanrrc4 strata
WhHe Ishonis.
ing sometimes keeps his hens for
six years, but for laying purposes
only, he. advises that they be dis
posed of after their second "year.
In spite of an experienced fore
man on the place, Mr. Gehring
himself puts in long hours.. To
mike a real Buecess of anything,
in his belief, one has to work and
not leave it all to someone else.
The chickens must be fed their
mash and scratch food; the roosts
are cleaned daily and the scratch
ing pens weekly. Each egg in the
incubator must be marked either
with an H for Hansen or a cross
for Tancred and then, if from a
trapnest hen, it mnst also be num
bered. There are bands to be plac
ed on theibegs of the: baby chick
when 'tli to-te-: hatched J afctf later'
these Ha4 j, whieh bear1 the mak-t
or tne -"jrennng rancreu- or tne
"Gehring Hansen" strain and the
number of hen or chick, are plac
ed permanently in the wings. A
few cows are kept and eared, for
on the place so that the chickens
can have skim milk. Besides this
there are corn and mangles and
kale to be grown for feed.
Thieves Cause Trouble
In response to a question, Mr.
Gehring confessed that thieves
had been the worst enemy to his
poultry business. He had lost as
many as 18 dozen eggs at one
time. Others were stolen in small
er numbers. His hen bouses bad
also been invaded. However, he
had learned to cope with his dan
ger. Four dogs, far from friendly
to strangers, guard the poultry
houses at night. During the day
when either the foreman or Mr.
Gehring himself are present the
dogs run on chains.
Oklahoma plans to produce
more fish in state hatcheries thiB
year than have been propageted
in all years since statehood began.
- It requires no guess as to what its future? wiUJae. . .
It is the leading Filbert of Commerce and the Fil
bert that is making Oregon famous.
Plant only the own root tree.
It is the only tree indorsed by the world's leading authorities and the only
tree grown by the world's foremost propagators.
Does that mean a ny:Uiing to you? v
, All or larger grades are sold. If interested in the mediant, or smaller sizes, of the same iinsnr
r passed quality,, see J. J.' Doerfler, Silverton, Oregon, r write or call oj us.
Survey Report Focecasts
Slump' in Domestic Mar
ket for 1930
Farmers must plan their pro
duction :this year particularly in
view of the outlook for prices' of
each product during the market
ing season and adjust expendi
tures carefully to maintain farm
incomes, according to the annu
al outlook report for 1930 prepar
ed by the Bureau of Agricultural
Economics, U. S. Department of
Agriculture in cooperation with
representatives of the agricultur
al colleges and extension services
of forty-five states and the Fed
eral Farm -Board. "The Domes
tic market may improve later in
the year, but is unlikely that the
demand for farm products in the
summer and fall of 1930 will be
as good as during last summer
and fall," according to the re
port. Commercial production of ap
ples is expected to continue to in
crease gradually over a period of
several years and new plantings
are justified only where there are
unusually favorable conditions
for the production of high qual
ity fruit. A considerable increase
ib ihe bearingt ferriages of grape
fruit pjid ofangekj expected. The
probability of heavy grape pro
duction and low prices continues.
The number I peach trees of
bearing age is still so great as
to make possible heavy produc
tio nand unfavorable marketing
tion and unfavorable marketing
Cantaloupe prtces probably will
be lower this year In the early
producing sections and a moder
ate decrease in acreage in the in
termediate and late sections is
recommended in order to raise
prices to the level of a few years
ago. Watermelon growers should
plant a somewhat smaller acre
age. Prospects for strawberry grow
ers now seem to be better than in
any year since 1926. Smaller
acreages are in prospect and there
is likelihood of reduced yields in
some districts.
Potato growers report that they
intend to plant an acreage six
per cent larger than was planted
last year, 'apparently forgetting
the unprofitable season of 1928.
The high potato prices being re
ceived now are not the result of
a low acreage last season but are
due almost entirely to adverse
Don't Gamble . .
Springfield, Oregon
Prune Market Still
Strong With Slight
Advance in Price
, Con tinned strengthening
of the Pacific 'slope prune
market is reported this week
with a slight advance !n lo
cal prices.' .
: Salem buyers are quoting
40-45s at 7 cents and SO
40s at 8 cents. latest check
up of the Oregon supply re-,
veals, unsold holdings to he
not more than 20,000,000
pounds. At the present rate
of demand a cleanup earlier
than normal is expected.
weather conditions last summer.
If the intentions for 1930 are
carried out prospects are for low
er potato prices after the first
of July.
The constant tendency toward
expansion of lettuce acreage, par
ticularly in California and Arizo
na confronts the industry withj
difficult marketing problems al
though tb'ere is as yet no evidence
that the peak of demand has been
The present prospect is for fa
vorable cabbage markets, until
August, in view of relatively light
holdfhgs of old cabbage and re
duced acreage in southern areas.
Further Increase in late cabbage
acreage does not seem warranted.
The world sugar production
probably will continue large and
prices relatively low but appar
ently the tendency to increase
production has been checked and
some slight improvement in
prices is in prospect.
Yamhill Crops in
Excellent Shape
hill county crops are in the best
condition in years, 9. T. White,
county agriculture agent believes.
The heavy snow which fell in this
district has been of untold value
to the farmers, he says.
The slow thaw made it possible
for the moisture to seep into the
ground where It will be stored up
for future needs. Xo floods were
reported in this vicinity at all.
The cold weather did no dam
age to fruit trees or to crops al
ready in the ground, he says.
Stock growers have reported few
losses caused by the freezing tem
peratures. Apiarists, however, tay
that numerous hives of bees were
31. (AP) Two miners were
killed in a rock blast near here
? . ..
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-pw" issnw---: , . . v --, pm4- - - ' f - 4 ;
Old FllberU
it -j
awii iwil Wl
Idaho Plans for Agricultural
Relief Through Transpor
tation Development
LEWISTON. Idaho. Feb. 1.
(AP) The mighty Snake river
may play a vital part in bringing
agricultural relief and develop
ment to central Idaho farmers is
plans for navigation, which have
been approved by, the Lewiston
chamber of commerc eare carried
out. Directors of the new Cen
tral Idaho cooperative associa
tion made steamer and barge nav
igation of the river a leading ob
jective of their program for 1930.
The transportation of wheat to
the coast by water would put ap
proximately S40o,ono a year more
iuto the pockets of the farmers
in the Lewiston region, figures
compiled by local open river
backers showed. The average
wheat crop, exclusive of barley in
N'ez Perce, Lewis, Idaho, and
Clearwater counties and In Aso
in county county on the Washing
ton side of the river is 5.800.000
bushels, most of which flows
through Lewiston. Farmers now
par a minimum nf 14 4 rnt tn
ship this wheat by railroad to
Portland, Ore., terminals. To
Shin it hT water ia nnaefhlA fni
seven cents a bushel, leaving an
operating prom.
Although 12 years ago a fleet
of steamers regularly plied the
Snake and Columbia rivers be
tween Lewiston and Portland
giving this city its title of "Ida
ho's Only Seaport" a single
packet owned by the Union Pa
cific system is the only large car
rier now in service. It is used
only to transport wheat from the
south bank warehouses to. the
railroad along the north shore.
The last line operating be
tween Lewiston and Portland
went out of existence at the close
of the World war. But funda
mental changes in controlling
conditions have now made opera
tion of steamboats and barges
feasible,- advocates of the open
river development program said.
Deaths by violence in Dallas
decreased by 23 in 1929 as com
pared with 1928. There were 20
fewer homicides in 1929.
Airplane passenger travel on
the Pacific coast has increased ap
proximately 400 percent the lust
three years.