Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 19, 1929)
r , ' r
I - -
JUrs. H. G. Maison
Of the many lovely affairs
which hare been girea for Klystra
Ankeny who will . become the
bride of Ben Dorris of Eugene,
"Monday at 2 o'clock in the home
of her sister, Mrs. H. G. Maison,
one of the loveliest was the for
mal tea for which Mrs. Maison
was hostess at her home on Tarn
track street Friday afternoon.
The gnests were met at the
door by dainty little Miss Molly
Jean Maison In a frock of blue
Toile over pink. Receiving with
this little miss was Miss Maiml
Victor who presented to the re
ceiving line in which stood Mrs.
Maison, the honor guest, Klystra
Ankeny, and the third sister, Mrs.
F. J. Griffith of Prineville.
Those who were assisting about
the rooms were Mrs. Edgar Pierce,
Mr?. Braiier Small, and Mrs. Ern
Presiding at the charmingly ap
pointed tea table were Mrs. F'A.
Elliott and Mrs. W. H. Lytle.
Mrs. Jerald Backstrand, Mrs.
Walter Kirk, Mrs." Roy Simmons,
and Mrs. Vivian Oatts, assisted in
The guests were ushered Into
the long living room, where deep
yellow and orange shades1 in zin
nias, and marigolds with other
flowers intermingled, were ar
ranged in large baskets in such
manner as to create an unusually
beautiful result. Drawn shades
and lighted tapers added to the
soft beauty of the rooms. The
serving table had a delightful ar
rangement of yellow tapers and
Out-of-town guests who ap
peared on the guest list were Mrs.
Pierre Mead and Mrs. J. Carlton
Shirley of McMlnnville; Mrs.
Parke Meyers, Miss Bess Hen
dricks, Miss Ruth Bishman, and
Mrs. Vivian Oatts of Portland;
and from Eugene, Mrs. Roy
Eooth, Mrs. R. A. Booth, Mrs.
Fred Davis. Mrs. George Dorris
and Mrs. M. Dorris.
Mrs. Guy Engle
I. U. G. Club Hostess
WOODBURN: Mrs. Guy Engle
x - ripcfr?s at the first meeting
of the J. U. Q. club for the winter.
Tue membership of this club is
composed the rural school teach
ers in the immediate vicinity of
The meeting was presided over
by Mrs. C. R. Shaner, the presi
dent. Mrs. Mary Gibbons was chosen
as a delegate to the state teach
er's meeting in Portland in De
cember. Mr. W. W. Fox, rural supervi
sor, was the principal speaker ani
he told of his work at Columbia
university during the summer.
Members present were, Mrs.
t iXlizle Ilastie. Miss Eleanor Stag-
-? ger. Miss Mary Gibbons, Miss Ol
l ive Burgess, Miss Mildred Hara-
dor, Mrs. C. Jt. Shaner, Miss
'Mayme Vincent, Miss Mathilda
j;GIHes. Miss Helen Kowash. Miss
Blanche Campeau, Mr. W. W. Fox
tand-ilrs. C. R. Shaner.
Luneh was served, by the hos
? tess assisted by Mrs. C. R. Shaner.
- WOODBURN Several ladies
V t were- joint -hostesses to the social
'meetlng'Vjf the Federated Wom
en club. of. the Methodist Epis-
. copal church Tuesday afternoon.
' The rooms were- tastefully dec
elerated with fall flowers and there
J were about- 40 gnests present. The
' program opened with a sacred
hymn. Miss- Wilms, Morrison ac
companlst. Mrs. -Virgil Haller
rave an interesting talk on "Home
Missions" from material she had
gathered from instructive pamph-
'V lets; The reading which was glt
en by Mrs. Carrie Young was es
v peeially-enjoyed os. it employed
entertainment and Inspirational
;gidance-in poem form..
Mrs. Laura Livesay displayed
f the gift the club instructed her to
' get for Mrs. JV.S. Thurston, a re
2" cent .bride and active member in
V the, club, but because Mrs. Tbur
,'stOBwas unable to be there, she
V was' Instructed to present it to
; her personally.
, At the conclusion of the pro
' gram dainty refreshments were
" rserved by the hostesses, Mrs. How
' 'ard Sayre, Mrs. Withers, Mrs. V.
vl s-DCBain, JUrs. Hattle Peterson and
j '4Mrs. J. B. Woodfin.
Announcement has been made
- that this northwest conference of
the international law sorority for
women, the Phi Delta Phi, will
meet in Portland November 9 and
The conference headquarters
will be in the Heathman hotel.
The program will include a 12
o'clock luncheon Saturday, fol
lowed by a business meeting in
the afternoon. Formal Initiation
will be at 5:30 o'clock and there
will be a formal banquet at 7
o'clock. .Visitors will be guests
of the XI chapter ot Portland for
the banq net. . Sunday morning
there will be a breakfast and
drive about the city.
WOODBURN: The Woman's
Catholic. Order ot Foresters held
; another of a series of card and
dancing parties in the Catholic
" community hall Tuesday evening:
Five hundred was tn play at 1
'tables: Mrs. Antone Hanauska
- won nigh score, for the ladies and
" Charles Henkes high score for the
; gentlemen. - - - -, . .v
. Leta's -orchestra .furnished mu
: iele. for the dancing after which
lunch was .served. Proceed from
these "parties are for the improve
. meat fund for the community halL.
. STv PAUL--A . miscellaneous
. saowef 'fa to be fivea Jonight at
the horn ot : Mrs., Lester Kirk Ifl
, honor otrMtssljgtbcrinieVnode
' ' Wlele. Miss Vande Wieli.ls to he
h bride Raymond Kerr,
jbctober 23. October::) . b -tat
; date set for the wedding of James
' ,MjKVV fwf ;UU4 ITaIa-h VaTr of
Duve M. Doak.
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Itellamy of
weddinfc anniversary today.
Silver Redding Event
At W. A. Cummings
Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Cummings
entertained Mr. and Mrs. C. W.
Laughlin of Astoria, at the Cum
mings home on North Winter
street Saturday on the occasion of
the silver wedding anniversary of
Mr. and Mrs. Laughlin, who were
married in Shaw 25 years ago.
The Cummings home was beau
tifully decorated with baskets of
gladioli with the exception of the
entrance hall where stood a great
basket of brilliant toned dahlias.
Mrs. C. A. Noye3 and Mrs. W.
A. Cummings presided at the serv
ing table. A feature of the ser
vice was two large wedding cakes
bearing the names of Mr. and
Mrs. Laughlin and molded In Ice
A program of music and read
ings was presented by Miss Lucile
Cummings. Miss Lola Plummer,
Mrs. O. A. Noyes. who read an
original poem dedicated to the
happy years of married life of Mr.
and Mrs. Laughlin, and a reading
by Miss Evelyn Cummings.
The receipt of telegrams, let
ters, and many gifts and the calls
of 70 guests marked the event as
an unusually happy one.
A very impressive renewal of
wedding vows was made by Mr.
and Mrs. Laughlin as a part of
the afternoon program. Rev.
Gardner of the Jason Lee Metho
dist church officiated.
Among the 3 guests who called
were Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Laughlin,
Salem: Mr. and Mrs. W. I. Need
ham, Salem; Mr. and Mrs. A. H.
Bunn, Salem; Mr. and Mrs. Edgar
E. Sawyer and Richard," Salem;
Mr. and Mrs. George L. Cum
mings, Salem: Mr. and Mrs. Lynn
Hill, Salem: Mr. and Mrs. Merlin.
Muellhaupt, Salem; Mr. and Mrs.
W. W. Oglesby Silverton: Mr. and
Mrs. Kenneth-Poole, Portland;
Mr. and Mrs. O. A. Noyee, Salem;
Mr. and Mrs. . M. C. Petteys, Sa
lem; Mr. and Mrs. I. B. Hale. Sa
lem; Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Chad
wick, Salem; Mr. ami Mrs. Claude
Van Slyke Salem: Mr. and Mrs.
S. J.- Hofman. Salem: Mr. .and
Mrs. W. A. Cummlnes, Salem; Mr.
and Mrs. Arthur E.- Cammmgs,
Salem; Mr. and Mrs. Herbert
Nash, Salem; Lois C. Plummer,
Salem. Rev. Harry Gardner, Sa
lem; Mrs. Evelyn Cummings, Sa
lem; Mrs. William Heseman, Sa
lem; Mrs. W. -L. Cummings. Sa
lem; Miss Gwendolyn Hubbard,
Salem : Mrs.' Ai J. Llndgren, Sar
lem; Miss Eleonor Chad wick, Sa
lem ; Miss Margaret Chadlck, Sa
lem; Mr. Gordon C. Laughlin,
Corvallis; Mr. Lyle Lee Laughlin,
Ashland; Miss Bonnie Laughlin,
Ashland; Miss-Constance Laugh.
Hn, Ashland; Mr. C. Erwin. Cor
vallis; Miss Dora Mae, Ashland;
Rose Cummings. Portland; Mrs.
Kate Smith, Portland; Miss Geral
dine L. Richardson, i Corvallis;
Mrs. Clarence C. Laughlin, Port
land; Miss Helen Carry, Salem;
Mrs. Trueman Cummings, Salem;
Mrr. Carroll Cummings, Salem;
Married Fifty Years
i i ' ' - vjs. i
V. - . . v. v . .' ?
1 9 Ay v t -r rtk
Drink enough milk
eat enough milk desserts
"QU can't have your full share of Vitality without milk,
- X and the children can't grow without it. A quart a day
for xhildren, a pint a day 'for grown-ups so you serve
the tall, cool glassfuls.
Then if you are ingenious, you stir a little milk over
a, fire and make delicious Custard . . . you put ice cream
on, your menu , . you whip, Up; a delicious chocolate
. .drink at times. Condensed milk has no equal for making .
: smooth, delicious Custards and puddings.
Some time try Chocolate Froth. This takes a level tea
. -spoon of sugar, mixed in the bottom of Jthe glass with,
Sy teaspoons' of cocoa and a few. drops of milk, tfll
' smooth. -Then add a few drops of flavor, fill the glass to
- ' the brim with milk, and shake the whole delightful drink
Tin a' jar or shaker.! ;'" ... ' ; . ,.
" The sugar blends'the' chocolate and milk flavors just V
.aiitbleodsJthe fiators of other combinations of healthful
"f,'fpo"di; .it U a ideal' flavor' itselfthe best-liked in "all ;'
ilestti,Use sugar to Induce your family 9 take their
full portion of milk, cereals and .fruits. The .best cooks .
Salem, who celebrate their golden
A. A. U. W., 1 o'clock
luncheon, at the Elk's Tem
ple. Woman's Relief Corps will
meet In Miller's Hall at 2
Miss Lucille Cummings, Salem;
Mrs. Margaret Erp, Salem; Miss
Effie Ericksen, Astoria; Miss El
len Maude Erwin, Yamhill, Mrs.
J. H. Lambirth and Bobbie, Sa
lem; Lloyd Cummings, Salem;
Mrs. C. 0. Bates, Waterloo; Mrs.
Will Van Slyke, Salem.
Entre Nous Club Has
First Fall Meeting
Mrs. H. A. Smart and Mrs. H.
C. Hummel Wednesday night en
tertained members of the Entre
Nous at the clubhouse, the first
party of the season for the club.
An arrangement of zinnias, greens
and autumn leaves provided an
atmosphere of Hallowe'en. Six
tables of "500" occupied the
guests the fore part of the even
ing and the rest of the time was
spent dancing. Constance Smart
and Richard Hummel assisted the
hostesses in serving refreshments.
Those who enjoyed the evening
were Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Cook;
Mr. and Mrs. R. O. Lewis; Mr. and
Mrs. Bryan Goodenough; Mr. and
Mrs. William E. Moses; Mr. and
Mrs. Chris Hampshire; Mr. and
Mrs. Chase Casement; Mr. and
Mrs. S. C. Kitlinger; Mr. and Mrs
Al Wicker t; Mr. and Mrs. Glen
Taylor; Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Gil
liam; Mr. and Mrs. George Mil
ler; Mr. Guy Howell and Miss Wi
. VALSETZ---A miscellaneous
shower was given Friday evening
by Mra. W. Weber and Mrs. R.
Massie at the. Weber home in hon
or ot Mrs George King. Various
games were- played. Mrs. Allie
Westman wen the only prize offer,
ed. The guests were Mrs. George
March; Mrs. D. A. Grout, Mrs
Bert Thomas, Mrs. M. E. Ray
mond," Mrs. Crater Mrs. Joe Ber-
rlman, Mrs. ' Lester Green, Mrs.
Jerry Morris, Mrs. Dodson, Mrs.
Frost Mrs. Mixer, Mrs. Earl Mc
Coy, Mrs. Stoltenberg, Mrs. McDonald,'-Mrs..
Dick Lefever, Mrs.
Ferguson, Mrs. -Walter Clark,
Mrs. Paul Wiggins, Mrs. Art Ross,
Mrs. Archie Brown, Mrs. Farrer,
and Mies Louise Brown. .Also
from Falls City, Mrs. Jessie Hale,
Mrs. M. L. Tompson, aunts of
Mrs. King, and Mrs. Phebia Ward.
Many beautiful and useful ar
ticles were received by the honor
Several hundred members and
friends of the church attended a
rousing reception tor the Rev. and
Mrs. Fred C. Taylor in the First
Methodist ehurch parlors Thurs
day night. Rev. Taylor has been
pastor of the, local church for sev
eral years. '.
Golden Wedding Is
Mr. and Mrs. James William
Bellamy are today celebrating the
fiftieth anniversary of their mar
riage which occurred in Franklin
county. 111., on October 19, 1879.
In March, 1903, Mr. and Mrs.
Bellamy were members of a party
of thirteen that came west from
Illinois and settled in the Salem
district. Since that time they
have lived either in Salem or In
the vicinity of the city.
Today a banquet dinner will be
served at five o'clock: to the fam
ily and friends who meet to hon
or the golden wedding anniver
sary. Children of-Mx...and Mrs. Bel
lamy are Tullius of La Grande,
William of Salem and Mrs. Claud
ius Purvine otSuver. Mrs, Olga
Fagg, another daughter passed
away in 1922.
Attending , the dinner tonight
will be Mr. and Mrs. Tullius Bel
lamy of La Grande, Mr. and Mrs.
Dane Purvine of Suver, Mr. and
Mrs. William Bellamy, Mr. and
Mrs. Stanley Fagg, Mr. and Mrs.
Orsa Fagg and the grandchildren
of Mr. and Mrs. Bellamy who are:
Winston, Nora, Beth and Julius
Purvine, Dora Bellamy, Stanley,
Guy, Fred and Clarence Fagg and
Mrs.- Guy Weaver and small son.
The latten is the only greatgrand
child of the Bellamy's.
Mrs. Malinda Walker and Mrs.
Clora Bondshu, sisters of Mr. Bel
lamy, will also be present to ohon
or the couple.
Mrs. Walker Buren
Another delightful bridge eve
ning, of this week was that for
which Mr. and Mrs. Walker Buren
were hosts at their home Friday
evening. Color was the gay dec
orative note in the flowers, which
were in the brilliant fall shades,
and in the gay colored lined ser
vice clothes for the card table tops
at the hour of serving. Colored
glass of the shade of cloth used
carried out the complete color
harmony on each table.
Bridge was in play at five ta
bles during the evening. Those
who made up the guest list were
Dr. and"Mrs. Kenneth Powers, Dr.
and Mrs. Milton Steiner, Mr. and
Mrs. John Caughell, Jr., Dr. and
Mrs. Jerald Backstrand, Mr. and
Mrs. A. C. Eoff, Mr. and Mrs.
Frank Deckebach, Jr., Mr. and
Mrs. George Weller, Mr. and Mrs.
Kenneth Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Rex
Adolph, Miss Prudence Patterson,
Frank Chapman, and Mr. and Mrs.
Meet For Social
LIBERTY The Liberty Wo
men's club held its first meeting
of the season in the Community
hall Thursday afternoon. A good,
ly number was present.
Plans for a teachers' reception
to be held Friday evening, Octo
ber 25 at the hall were discussed.
A number of members are looking
forward to attending the county
convention at Mill City.
It was decided to begin a refer
ence library of booklets on house
hold subjects, also of scrap-books
for the use of club members. An
interesting talk on a visit to the
children's farm home was given
by Mrs. R. Ohmart. An interest
ing discussion was held on interi
or decoration, which was in
charge of Mrs. W. Olden.
The meeting c!osedafter a so
KINGWOOD Mrs. Charles Ad
ams entertained with a little par
ty for her Sunday school class
Wednesday after school hours.
The .young guests enjoyed games
on the lawn after which Mrs. Ad
ams served refreshments. Guests
present were Ora McDowell, -Lois
Conine, Elna Godka, Muriel Ras
ter, Bertha Stevens, Mary Ruth
Riffey, Ines Meany, Ethel Denton,
Helen Denton, Dorene Baker,
Clara Belle Akey and Rosella
Make Your Cuts,
or Half Tones
SEE US ABOUT
We Gin Save You Money
" r. Artist. Photbgrtjphe
3.- - W"', ?
'.". : " "v. j v - ' -j- ' .
. . - t
PM"MMMMM"1' '" "'
5" f - V ' C
11- x " t , V
11 , -Vi , -- ' t l
II ' -- - '- I
1 1 :':?y.A;-:-:-:v:-;:.v-.: . . m----: .-:-:-Kx. -.:.s--i: vA t -
ft z?. : i
The bride-to-be of Ben Dorris of Eugene, Klystra Ankeny, sister
of Mrs. H. O. Maison, and for whom the past few days have been busy
with teas, dinners, showers, and luncheons. The. wedding ceremony
win take place Monday afternoon at 2 o'clock in the Maison home
with only immediate family present. Mrs. H. G. Maison will be ma
tron of honor, and Floyd Cook of Portland will be best man. The ser
vice will be the beautifully simple one of the Episcopal church.
Miss Marie Corhouse
To Marry Soon
SILVERTON Silverton friends
are receiving Invitations to the
wedding of Miss Marie Corhouse,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Amos
Corhouse, of Minnesota, to Dan
Rlveness of Marquam. The wed
ding; will take place on October
Miss Corhouse with her parents
lived at Silverton many years. She
attended Silverton schools and was
particularly well-known in musi
Mr. Riveness was associated
with his brother, Melvin, in the
Riveness grocery here a few
years ago. He now owns the gen
eral store at Marquam where the
young people will reside.
Miss Corhouse's father was a
well-known Silverton contractor
and also served on the city coun
cil for a number of years. There
is a rumor that Mr. and Mrs.
Corhouse will also move west.
Mrs. Mary Hill
Mrs. Clyde Johnson entertained
Thursday at her home with a
charming Informal tea in compli
ment to her mother, Mrs. Mary
Hill, and her aunt, Mrs. Edna Cole,
who are visiting here from Den
Fall flowers-In gold and brown
were arranged about the rooms tn
tall arrangements and the same
color note was carried out on the
Mrs. Howard Ball poured "and
Mrs. John Wheeler assisted about
Mrs. Hill and Mrs. Cole left
Friday tor California enronte to
Hal Hibbard Auxiliary U. S. W.
V. will be entertained by Mrs
Carle Abrams at her home 1547
Chemeketa for. the monthly social
meeting ' Friday afternoon.
Mr., and Mrs. J. M. Devers and
family will attend the matinee at
the Dnfwin theatre in Portland at
which time they will see "The
Mrs. H. Hartman is again at her
home, S70 North Winter street af
ter having been confined to the
hospital for several weeks follow
on Building Tekphori695 1
ing a serious automobile accident
early in the fall. Mrs. Hartman is
recovering very satisfactorily and
is able to receive friends for short
NOTICE TO CREDITORS
Notice is hereby given that the
undersigned, by an order of the
County Court of Marlon County.
State of Oregon, duly made and
entered on the 17th day of Octo
ber, 1929, were appointed execu
trices of the estate of Martha Jane
Crowley, deceased, and that they
have duly qualified as such. All
persons having claims against said
estate are hereby notified to pre
sent the same, duly verified as re
quired by law, at the offices of
Kowitz & Cook, 401 Salem Bank
of Commerce Bldg., in the City of
Salem, Marion county, Oregon,
within six months from the date
of this notice, towlt, the 19th day
of October, 1929.
MARY MINONA LEONARD.
RACHAEL CARLOTTA CROW
LEY. Executrlces of the Estate of
Martha Jane Crowley, deceased.
KOWITZ & COOK. Salem, Ore
gon, Attorney for Executrlces.
Oct. 19-26-N. 2-9-16.
Read the Classified Ads.
y IT LOOKS LIKE jr.- jqB
THIS WHEN UjT Hf
f FLAYING jft
With Model 55
Screen Grid Radio
and Finest Tnbes-
One would never dream that the table concealed an At
water Kent Screen Grid Radio and famous AK Dynamic
Speaker, nor that the table apron would let down, dis
closing the Atwater Kent Single Dial control pSneL To
look at it you would see only a beautiful otcagonal top
-occasional table . . . you would wonder where the music
came from. No wire show
wen as wire for table lamp,
A small ' payment putsonejn your Home
t : 7Zl9n ey payments .
110 COURT STREET
IS THING OF PAST
1 BORGER, Tex, Oct. 18 (AP)
Martial law "in effect- ended
in Borger tonight with constituted
civil authorities taking charge of
their offices. District Attorney
Clem Calhoun announced that
only the formality of a proclama
tion was necessary to end the ac
tual state of martial law. .
"In effect, martial law is over,
he said, "General Wolters having
turned over to city authorities all
city duties, and the new sheriff,
C. O. Moore, his duties. Troops
have been withdrawn from the
court house and the constituted
civil officers are again in charge
of tbeJr departments.
Martial law was declared here
on September 30 after Governor
Dan Moody had been advised by
hi3 investigators that the town
and county virtually was ruled by
a criminal ring.
The assassination on Septem
ber 13 of District Attorney John
A. Holmes was the overt act that
brought action by state authori
ties. Although the man who killed
Holmes has not been found, auth
orities have announced that they
Coped eventually to apprehend
The coming of troops brought
about a transformation in the
town life here. Many dives have
been dosed to the motley habitues
that thronged them" since this
mushroom oil town came into ex
istence only three years ago;
scores of undesirables were jailed
while others left town hurriedly;
several city and county officials,
accused of conniving with the
criminal element resigned, and
prosecution of underworld charac
ters in the district and federal
courts is in the offin?.
IT TO OTHERS
Lydia E. PinkhWs Vegetable
Compound Helps Her So Much
: Cleveland, Ohio. sure reeoin
I mend Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegetable
Compound to any
woman in the
condition I was
in. I was so weak
that I could
hardly stand up.
I could not eat
and was full of
misery. A friend
living on Arcade
Avenue told me
about this medi
cine and after
taking ten bottles my weakness and
nervousness are all gone. I feel like
living again. I am still taking it un
til I feel strong like before. You may
use this letter as a testimonial."
Mas. Elizabeth Toso, 14913 Hale
Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
Lydia Pinkham Vegetable
For Sale at
Nelson & Hunt Drug Store
Corner Court & Liberty. Tel. 7
aerial anil ground wires, as
go through the legs.
At Falls City ;
Is Gr owing J
FALLS CITY, Oct. 18. Twenty-eight
students are now enrolled
In the Adrentlst church school in
Falls " City. This is the large
number that has even attended
For th8 first time, the ninth
and tenth grade work is being: of
fered which is partly responsible'
for the increase in the enrollment.
Mr. and Mrs.i H. A. Venden are
An' addition to the present
school onlWing Is being planned
and it Is expected, to be completed
No need for worry or con
fusion. For a short trip or a
long one, all the details are
quickly simplified. Southern
Pacific agents are travel ex
perts. They will arrange your
transportation by rail or ship
to your destination, make all
reservation, check your bag
gage and gladly give all in
formation to make your trip
a carefree, joyous ooe.
Call at our Gty Office,
or at our station ticket office
for travel information of all
kinds. Southern Pacific rail
tickets are good on the Ore
eon Stages. You can go one
way by rail, one way by stage
if you wish.
No matter what your des
tination die Southern Pacific
ago wilibe glad to help you.
CUf ticket office:
ISA North Liberty Street
Our Coats for Fall
and Winter have
been chosen with
the utmost care as
to continued style.
ily furred at collar
17.50 to 34.50
Open Satorday TU1 t:3t
vr'' Ouallt'i-'irihndLft .
gaou:wUtsugarVTlje ugar Institute." ;: . Jl
' - TortInd; '
. i : - - :