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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (June 25, 1929)
mi"No Favor S&ayt Us; No Fear ShaU Awe."
j . From . First Statesman, March 28, 1851
: irHE STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO.
Charles A. Spbagle, Sheldon FSackett, Publithert
- Charles A.-Spraoue ... Editor-Manager
Sheldon F. Sackett - - Managing Editor
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to tM.tiM for
publication of all news dispatche credited to it er 4to( 9terwise
crcuitea in uua paper
Entered at the Potto ff ice at Salem, Oregon, at Se
Matter. Published every morning except Monday,
office US S. Commercial Street.
Pacific Coast Advertising Representatives:
"Arthur W. Stypes, Inc., Portland, Security Bldg.
San Francisco, Sharon Bldg.; Los Angeles, W. Pac Bldg.
Eastern Advertising Representatives :
Ford-Parsons-Stecher, Inc, New York, 271 Madison Ave.;
Chicago, 360 N. Michigan Ave.
They Do It Once a Year
TTTTLEN it comes to sheer accomplishment nothing can
W equal the productivity of the Oregon State grange.
They do more toward setting the world in order in five days
than the legislature, congress and Presbyterian general as
sembly rolled in one. In fact as we read the condensed re
port of their. business as contained in the last Grange Bul
letin, we think the famous six-day record of the first chap
ter of Genesis as the only one comparable. What took the
Hebrew Jah six days to make the Oregon grangers under
took to remake in five.
The convention which was held at Myrtle Point because
Marshfield quarreled about who was to look after bedding
down the grangers, listened first to the address of State
Master Palmiter. This was as comprehensive as a presiden
tial and gubernatorial message combined. What few points
the master omitted were, fully covered in the reports of the
The grangers take themselves and the world very ser
iously. They took no time off to play golf but Brother D.
V. Poling led them in community singing of "Beautiful Isle
of Somewhere" and "Nearer My God to Thee'" so they got
their minds off some of the grave problems of theworld,
the flesh and the devil which absorbed most of their atten
tion. To show how many subjects the grange considered and
took action upon, we submit the following summary. The
democratic platform couldn't include as many topics as the
grange expressed its judgment upon, as follows:
FaTorcd ronrening tongrrss January 15th after aach election.
Opposed secret sessions V. 8. senate. . X
Asked lefislatire committee to try to abate clerk hire graft of Oregon legislature.
Protested "false and vicious aivertiMnf of eijarettea" and discouraged cijar
tta smoking among females. ... .
Assured "Brother Taber that the Oregon Grange was back of or national
ffirera in their efforU for 8.000.0CO members in the near furore."
favored Smith-Hughes vocational education program in high schools.
Postponed resolution looking toward making it illegal to promote for hire initta
tiva and referendum petitions. . , , ,, . ,
KtfCummcnded that filings for water power must be followed by lull develop
ment iu three years, with permission for two-year extension; and that filings revert
ing to stata shall not be renewed by same partiea for two-year period.
Approved plan to create power districts composed of Contiguous territory ia
na ar more counties.
Appointed committee to recommend plan whereby state may Main revenue, from
Municipal anu district plants of hydro-electric energy. ..,
Instructed officers to attack Carkin appointment if they deem it advisable after
btaining legal advice.
Indefinitely postpone proposal to boost jurymen a pay to fs.00 a day.
Demanded reduction ia freight rates.
Urged reduction in truck load limit to protect highway.
Opposed 25.000 appropriation by legislature to attract new industries to State.
Opposed vse of tax money for land settlement purposes.
'Refused to adopt resolution to add telephone business to postoffice.
Indorsed O. A. C. market information service; favored higher tariff on rye grass
eed ; opposed county school unit plan.' .......
Vitwed with disfavor growing increase in armaments: favored printing text
Vooka at state plant; urged teaching evil effects of alcohol and narcotics; urged that
grange have representation on state board of higher edaeation.
Called attention of chain stores to fact that farmers cannot buy anlest Uey
caa market products at a profit.
Such is the digest of the great volume of business which
the grange transacted. In the language of the Bulletin:
"after which the Key of the Secret Work was read, the 1929
session of the State Grange then closed in due form at 2
We are glad'they closed "in due form." We have known
legislatures winding up at three o'clock in the morning de
cidedly not "in due form."
The grange is a well-intentioned, serious-minded body of
substantial citizens. They try conscientiously to labor for the
best interests of their class and of the state at large some
times with an excess of conscience and a deficiency of judg
ment. We might suggest however that they ought to take
more time off to pitch horseshoes. The recreation would do
them good and perhaps mitigate something of their reform
ing zeal. -
Living Within the School Budget
EUGENE is shedding quite a good many tears because the
school district there is being forced to live within its six
per cent limitation. It has a hard problem to supply all the
varieties on the mixed educational menu of the day and keep
a budget anywhere within bounds. It is'-easy to have sym
pathy for the school board and superintendent who are trying
to spread the school money so it will go as far as possible.
But if the state had a ten per cent instead of a six per cent
limitation the same condition of affairs would result. There
would be widespread clamor for new courses, for bigger and
better playgrounds, for more expensive equipment. Ambi
tious "educators" could be depended upon to think up some
new scheme "absolutely indispensable" for the schools.
- We doubt if the children at Eugene will suffer orfe whit
from the enforced economy. The idea that parents and so
ciety all exist to smooth the pathway for children is all
wrong. Better leave a few bumps in the way for the chil
dren to worry over. Better whet the appetite for education
by dearth than killing it by surfeit.
Completing the-Santiam Highway
FOUR men from Lebanon made the trip over the Cascades
via the Santiam pass the past week. They report that
they found little snow in the mountains over this route, and
what snow there was their Ford car equipped with a Seeck
differential had no difficulty traveling over. They returned
via the McKenzie where snow banks 30 feet high were en
This is the usual experience of early travelers over the
Santiam pass they find it
McKenzie. This is the reason
ly as possible of the Santiam
will give nearly year-round
ette valley to central Oregon. The McKenzie is regularly
closed six months of the year. The Santiam may be kept
open virtually all the year. Its early completion is some
thing that both sides of the mountains should unceasingly
Assault With Deadly Weapon
TEW people in their right minds would race through a
J? crowded street, loaded
trigger. The chance jostle
pon with attendant fatal results.
Yet that is what many auto drivers do, in effect. We
notice a 'wealthy Chicago man has been arrested following
an auto accident, charged with "assault with deadly wea
pon." Very accurate. The automobile is a deadly weapon,
killing far more people that pistols do. The gas accelerator
and. the steering wheel are the "triggers" of this deadly
weapon. , .
If we could only pound into the heads of auto drivers
that the auto is a "deadly weapon" to be used with extreme
carrtion, it might be possible to reduce the bloody toll of au
much freer of snow fhan the
why the construction as quick
highway is desired: because it
open highway from the Willam
pistol in hand and finger on the
might easily discharge the wea
By R. J.
Make it June 15
Or the Sunday nearest that date
Meaning the holding of the an
nual pioneer or old timers' picnic
held at the state fair grounds.
Why? Because that is the anniver
sary of the date of the signing of
the compromise treaty settling the
boundary dispute, June 15, 1846,
upon its ratification by the United
That was a great day In the his
tory of the Oregon Country. Great
Britain wanted the Oregon coun
try, meaning all the territory west
of the Rockies to the line ot Alas
ka, which was 54 degrees and 40
minutes north latitude, down to
the 49 th degree of latitude, now
the California line and then the
Mexican line and the British
statesman hoped to get the re?' nf
the Pacific coast that is now In
cluded in the states south of that
line in the United States; and the
great chartered company, over
which the egis of the laws of the
British empire had been spread by
act of parliament, the Hudson's
Bay company, had virtually held
all this coast up to Alaska,
through its governors and chief
factors and chief traders spread
from York Factory on Hudson's
bay westward and southward to
Yerba Buena (San Francisco),
with forts and posts carrying on
Its business in furs and peltries
with the various Indian tribes,
In 1818, through a diplomatic
convention, basing its flimsy rights
upon the claim of discovery, chief
ly that of Vancouver, the British
government had secured from the
United States government a Joint
occupancy treaty, under which the
citixens ot either country might
carry on trade and commerce and
thus occupy the vast domains in
cluded in what came to be known
as the Oregon Country. The terms
of the Joint occupancy treaty
were made so as to be without pre
judice to the rights of either in the
final possession ot the vast terri
tory. But the British, through the
operations of the Hudson's Bay
company, had the best muniment
ot title, which was occupancy, up
to the time of the coming ot the
missionaries in 1834, though their
original title trace of discovery
was as flimsy and false as the fa
ther of lies could paint it.
In 1828. or rather in 1827. Just
prior to the expiration of the ten
year period for which the first
Joint occupancy agreement was
made, that treaty was renewed, for
an indefinite time, depending for
its ending upon a year's notice be
ing given by either country. So .he
pioneers ot the pioneers, the Amer
ican missionaries, found matters.
But the day they arrived over the
crest of the Rocky mountains,
beyond old Fort Hall, these first
four who came in response to the
call in 1832 ot the four Flathead
of Nesperce Indians for the white
man's book ot religion, the vision
of British possession of all the ter
ritory on this coast to the ridge of
the Rockies began to be more ur
gent, but at the same time com
menced to vanish. These four men
were Jason Lee, Daniel Lee, Cy
rus Shepard and P. L. Edwards.
A fortuitous circumstance,
which many people win call one ot
the evidences ot divine guidance.
Is the fact that Jasoa Lee and his
party came across the crest of the
Rockies and first set their feet
upon the soil of the Oregon Coun
try on" June IB, twelve years to a
day before the vexed boundary;
question was settled, and a third
war with Great Britain avoided.
Jason Let and his party arrived
at the "old mission" aite on the
Willamette, ten miles below Sa
lem, on Monday,' October f, 18S4.
Then followed from that landing
a stream of events that were ep
ochal; that made history that ex-
tended the limits ot the United
States to the Pacific ocean; that
added the first great extent ot ter
ritory to the United States with
out a bloody war or the eipendi
ture of great treasure.
Followed petitions sent to con
gress for aid in bringing the pro
tection of the federal government
to the little colony in the Willam
ette. Followed the missionary re
inforcements in the two parties of
1837. Followed the Peoria party in
1839 and 1840. Followed the
"great .reinforcement" in the mis
sionary party coming on the Lau
sanne in 1840. Followed the Dr.
White party coming, without wag
ons in 1842. .Followed the moun
tain men or independent trappers.
Came the American board mission
aries the Dr. Whitman party
in 183 S. Came the Catholic mis
sionaries in 1838. Followed the
provisional government voted at
Champoeg in 1843, after the arri
val of the White party of the year
before. Followed the first wagon
train bringing the Applegates and
the Waldos and Nesmith in 1843,
giving the undoubted muniment
ot title by occupancy to the United
Followed the settlement of the
boundary question. Followed the
act of congress of August 14, 1848
admitting Oregon as a territory,
and its procalamation by Gover
nor Joseph Lane at Oregon City
March 3, 1849. This had been pre
ceded by the discovery of gold in
California January 24, 1848. Had
the missionaries under Lee not
come, and had they not arrived
when they did, there would have
been no settlement of the boun
dary question as early aa 1846,
for there would not have been the
title by occupation that led up to
4t. And had occupation not been
predominant, under the provision
al government, the Mexican war,
the first battle of -which (Palo
AltO) was fought May 8. 1846.
over a month before the ratifica
tion of the boundary agreement,
would- not have been undertaken,
and neither Mexico nor Great Brit
ain would have lightly yielded
their claim! after the discovery of
gold in California.
Furthermore, had not Lee and
his party come when they came,
Jesse Applegate would not have
been in Oregon preceding the Chi
cago convention that nominated
Abraham Lincoln, and there would
not have been a proxy of Leander
Holmes sent on the advice of Ap
plegate to Horace Greely, who as
Oregon's representative securedJ
Lincoln's nomination and for
this and other reasons, slavery
might have still been an lnstitu
tlon In the United States.
Great historic events came in
clusters one step foUowed an
other by divine guidance, think
the many devout people and each
forward footprint was necessary
in guiding those that were made
Is that not a glinfpse that Justi
fies a greater attention to histor
ic events here than has so far
been given far greater? Without
the "old mission" Salem would
not have been started, through the
establishment ot Willamette uni
versity. The saapitol might have
been at Kola. Who knows? Or at
old Fort Vancouver, the British
seat of power. Is not that a glimpse
too that Justifies great prepara
tions for the centenary celebra
tion here of the coming of the
missionaries, in 1834?
MRS. FOSTER INJURED
Mrs. David Foster, Corvallls,
entered a broken lee and painful
lacerations, when an automobUe In
which she was riding left the road
and plunged down the enbank
meat near Zena. She was taken to
Corvallls for treatment.
Town Talks from The States
man Our Fathers Read
Jane 25, 1904
Governor Chamberlain deliver
ed the principal address at the
big farmers' picnic held at Inde.
pendence. A fire alarm disturbed
the latter part of the address,
the audience breaking to witness
The national Republican con
vention, in session in Chicago,
nominated Theodore Roosevelt of
New York, president and Charles
Warren Fairbanks of Indianapo
lis, vice president.
Conrad Krebs, president of the
Krebs hop company and familiar
ly known as the hop king of Ore
gon, returned from a two months'
trip in California.
Attorney A. 0. Condit returned
from a two months trip in the
east, where he attended the gen
eral assembly of the Presbyteri
an church at Buffalo.
GUESTS OF SALEM
Luncheon Held for Redwood
Route Leaders; Giese
Presides at Table
Radiating California sunshine
which they found after arriving
in Oregon, the caravan of the Red
wood Empire association was
greeted by the Salem Cherrians
on their arrival in Salem Monday
nocn and entertained at luncheon
at the Hotel Marion. After an
overnight stop in Eugene the 14
cars of the party traveled through
Corvallls and Albany where they
were cordially received and
reached this city shortly after
noon. About 40 men and women
made up the delegation including
representatives from San Fran
Cisco, Eureka, Humboldt, Grants
Pass and other cities along the
line of the Redwood highway.
After a short trip about Salem
and through the state house
grounds the caravan moved on to
Oregon City and Portland where
they were tendered a banquet at
the Hotel Multnomah last night
Their destination is Vancouver
and Victoria, which they expect to
reach Sunday, June 30.
-King Bing Giese presided at the
luncheon in honor of the visitors.
Fred Williams on behalf of Mayor
Livesley and C. E. Gates of Med
ford on behalf of Governor Pat
terson extended the greetings of
city and state to the guests. King
Giese in a brief talk told he Call-
fornians something of the scenic.
climatic, industrial and agricul
tural resources of Salem and vi
cinity. H. C. Rldgeway of San
Rafael responded to the welcome
and called on Alfred Roncovieri,
supervisor ot San Francisco, Clyde
Edmondson general manager of
the tour, and R. J. Wade, secre
tary ot the chamber of commerce
of Eureka who responded briefly.
Mr. Wade emphasised the fact
that the Redwood was now aa im
proved two-way highway, and that
the object of the caravan was to
assist in developing travel the full
length of the Pacific coast. He
presented the King Bing with a
beautiful picture ot the road going
through the giant redwoods. Em
mett -Hayden of San Francisco
presented a resolution expressing
appreciation for the courteous
welcome given the party.
Grants Pass was represented by
a quartette of members of the
Cavemen. Appearing in "native"
costume they entertained the com
pany with some songs and stunts.
The Biker Democrat-Herald
ealla attention to the tact that the
Uttta town ot Burns, in Harney
county, which had for Tears look
ed forward to the development of
the treat timber resources at its
door, is now to be deprhred of
most, ot the benefits ot that, de
velopment through the fact that
the HInes Lumber company has
decided to bjiild a town of its own
at the. site of its blgr mill only a
mile and a half from Burns. Kelso,
Wash., sustained a similar blow
when the town of Longriew was
established by the Long-Bell Lum
ber company. Company-t own
growth is usually artificial and
company-town atmosphere is sel
dom congenial to business people
and others accustomed to free
competitive conditions, but that is
poor consolation to older establish
ed towns at their doors, which
gain nothing of benefit from the
Increased population about them.
So Burns, which had hoped that its
day had arrived with the establish
ment of its lumber industry, will
haTe to look elsewhere for its op
portunity. Eugene Register.
McXABY GETS FLAG
- Senator Charles L. McNary, sen
ior senator from Oregon, is one of
the most popular men in the na
tion today. He is the father of the
farm relief legislation which was
passed and signed by the presi
dent last week.
Whether or not the farm relief
does all that is claimed for it, the
fact that McNary worked f or sev
eral years on the plan entitles him
to the recognition he is receiving.
The flag that waved over the na
tional capitol on the day the bill
became a law has been given to
Senator McNary s a recognition
of his constant work. A pretty rec
ognition, to be sure. -Morning As
torian. POLITICAL BEAN'S SPILLED
When Theodore Roosevelt en
tertained Booker T. Washington
in the White House he brought
down upon his head the wrath of
all southerners, but nothing ser
ious happened because Roosevelt
didn't expect anything from the
South anyway. A similar incident
arose ami similar animosities were
stirred up by Mrs. Hoover when
she entertained the wife of Con
gressman De Priest of Chicago.
There is, however, an important
difference; Herbert Hoover has
visions of making permanent the
temporary break in the solid
South and the political capital be
ing made out of the recent inci
dent may spoil those plans.
The republicans have been do
ing all they could to make anti
Smith Democrats feel at home in
their midst; they have assured all
concerned that the lily-white
brand of Republicanism was to be
in control of the southern organ
izations, there being no danger
therefore of negro domination.
Just as they had everything fixed
up and the reception committee
was about to welcome the new
members into the Republican fold,
bang goes the De Priest incident.
Providence can usually be count
ed on to take care of the Republi
can party, but in this Instance the
charm seems to hare failed and
much fat has gotten into the po
The incident will make the pres
ent administration rtronger with
the northern negroes, but that is
little consolation. The party has
shown Itself capable of carrying
the north without the colored
vote whlotr at the last election was
largely corralled by the Smith for
ces. What profit, ask administra
tion leaders, in gaining support
where none is needed if by doing
B c,l .
W: OF RESIDENCES
m wo Iom that which we do need!
Anyone who imagines that the
human race Is losing its good
looks should -listen to Dr. Ales
HrdUcke, famous American an-
YrnnAlnImt. We are sTTOWing mOTO
beautiful he says. And this develJ
opment may be expected to con
tinue. Changed conditions inevit
ably bring their physical changes.
We shall become more Intelli
gent, with larger brains. As for
"The face will, it may. be ex
pected, proceed slowly in refine
ment and handsomeness ot char
acter. The eyes will be rather deep
set, the nose prominent and rather
narrow, and the mouth still small
er, the chin more prominent, the
jaws more moderate and the teeth
"The body will tend to slender
ness in youth, the breasts will be
come smaller, the low limbs will
tend to become longer, the upper
limbs shorter, the hands and feet
narrower, the fingers slenderer
while the fifth toe will become
Unfortunately hair and teeth
will deteriorate, and the use of
the brain mort than the body will
tend to digestive disorders. But
possibly something can be done to
counteract these tendencies. And
on the whole, the picture is rosy.
The race will grow sieaauy less
brutal, more human. Astoria
CMISKS, UAGOS, KOUS, LA
DIES AND BOBBED HAIR
By Rufe Harris .
It is risky business to call a
Chinaman a Chlok, an Italian a
Dago, a German a Heinle or a
Frenchman a Frog.
And a woman who prefers to
be called a lady well, poor
thing! There is dignity in "wo
man" but everything that ever
wore skirts .has been called a la
dy. The less her right to be dig
nified as woman the stronger her
insistence that she is a lady.
Bob Hart in his book "The
Eastern Question" says the Chi
nese are "well-behaved, law abid
ing, intelligent, economical, and
industrious; they can learn any
thing and do anything; they are
punctiliously polite; they worship
talent and they believe in right so
firmly that they scorn to think
it requires to be supported or en
forced by might; they possess and
practice an admirable system of
ethics and are generous, charita
ble and fond of good works; they
never "forget a favor and make
rich returns for any kindness, and
though they know that money
will buy service, a man must be
more than wealthy to gain public
esteem; in no country has 'honor
thy father and thy mother' been
so religiously obeyed and hence
their days are long in the land
God has given them."
A way back in 1492 an Italian
t had the nerve to sail into the un
known with three little boats and
in the face ot little less than mu
tiny by his men. kept on sailing
until he found the land his faith
told him was there. Was he a
The Germans and the French
have proven their right to re
spect and admiration in a thous
and ways and examples.
While no particular' harm Is
meant ia the average use of
Chink. Dago, Heinle and Frog, I
submit, it is a little riskr if you
know what I mean? There are
many of that same kind of peo
ple who will quickly compute the
calibre of any one making care
less use of such terms.
iiibHS isui. ".: I
am Vmm n -J r Alrf
- -itv.ss. iin
United States National Bank
Confucius advocated single tax
quite sdtne time before Henry
Mencius is said to have been
one of the world's greatest think
ers. .He said: "I love life and I
love righteousness. If I cannot
have both X choose righteous
ness." " ,
Chuang Tsu was the greatest
propagandist of Taciam, He pro
tested the materialism ot hi: day
and advocated a return to nature.
Many others of the Chinese are
remembered by their enduring ex
pressions. -Their thought, added
to ours, should bo of value to us
Yes, I've been reading: about
them and there ia lots more to
Although bobbed hair la
thought to be a sure forerunner
of bald, heads, women have as
much right to bald heads as men.
What wouldn't we men do to
avoid the penalty of long hair?
JOURNALISM AT WILLAMETTE
A chair of journalism in the
Willamette University, bearing
the name of Edgar B. Piper,
would be a most fitting memori
al to this journalistic correspon
dent and able editor. Those who
graduate from such a depart
ment attain cultured minds and
all do not drift into newspaper
drudgery. Some become corres
pondents, others men or women
of letters, still others special
writers, and some authors of fic.
tion and other works. A jour
nalistic school Is supposed to en
large one's faculties and train the
imagination. There Is a demand
for all kinds of reading, in news
papers, magazines and books.
The field is ripe for superior,
trained intellectuality devoted to
other than society news and re
portorial calling, small local out
puts and catering not to readers
who are desirous of seeing their
names continually in print.
Students in these schools of
journalism should be guided not
alone for newspaper mentality.
Some should be turned out as
magazine writers, those with
such ability can be fitted tor good
fiction, historical sketches, pure
literature, or be able to obtain
and retain elevated positions as
national or international corres
pondents. It should not be all
for a newspaper career. It
would be an error to have this
Piper memorial -drilling the young
people for work on dying dailies
in towns of ten to. twenty thou
sand copulation or on weeklies
Installed at erery crossroads.
O. Laugaard of Portland and
Ivan E. Oakes of Ontario Monday
were reappointed by Governor
Patterson as members of the state
board ot engineering examiner.
Robert M. Betts of Black Butte,
Lane county, was appointed a
member ot the board to succeed
Frank S. Baillie, formerly ot
The appointments ire for terms
of -vlx years.
You can protect
"your valuables for
less tjtan what yon
pay. for your daily
paper ... per year.
With your papers
and other valuables in
one of our safe depos
it boxes, your vacation
will be a real one.
The risk of fire or
theft in an unguarded,
unoccupied home is a
common hazard dur
ing any season of the
It only ta':s a few
minutes to arrange tor
your box and then
your mind may bo
free from this care,
regardless of when
you come or go.
Suitcases of silver
ware, etc, may be
stored on a very small
month -to-month ser