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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (May 18, 1929)
The OREGON STATESMAN, Salem, Oregon, Satnrday Morning. May 18, 1929
"No Favor Sicays Us; No Fear Shall Ave"
From First Statesman, March 28, 1851
THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING CO.
Charles A. Spragle, Sheldon F. Sackett, Publisher$
Charles A. Speague ... Editor-Manager
Sheldon F. Sackett - - Managing Editor
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for
publication of all newt dispatches credited to it or not otherwise
credited in this paper.
Entered at the Postoffice at Salem, Oregon, as Second-Clasa
Matter. Published every morning except Monday. Business
office S15 S. Commercial Street.
Pacific Coa3t Advertising Representatives:
Arthur W. Stypes, Inc., Portland, Security Bldg.
San Francisco, Sharon Bldg.; Los Angeles, W. Pac. Bldg.
Eastern Advertising Representatives :
Ford-Parsons-Stecher, Inc., New York, 271 Madison Ave.;
Chicago, 360 N. Michigan Ave.
George Bylander & Co.
OREGON is supposed to be a self-governing commonwealth.
We like to think-we have the bfessings of a republican
form of government. We take pride in the exercise of the
prerogatives of sovereignty. We have a consttution. We
have a legislature. We havera whole set-up of administrative
and judicial officials. We think we have a government.
As a matter of fact Oregon is fast drifting to a political
impasse. ' The functions of government are in process of
hrpakini? down in a "Derfectly constitutional" manner. Au-
thority is passing from the legislature representing the peo
ple of the state to a private group, which may oe styiea un
der the firm name of "George Bylander & Co."
Bylander is merely the incident to be sure; but he is the
apex of the wedge thrust at the heart of the political struc
ture of the state. Bylander merely seta tip as a merchant
i I..,, a nAnsilanfinn Via mailrici tVio TVlWPr ftf the Ulltia-
iv slth referendum to control
minority, no matter how small,"
nanced, may employ such an
f ment of legislation, adopted by the legislature, at least, unui
' the ensuing election.
: That would not be serious except as the machinery is
used continuously to hamstring the financing of the state
government. Under the binding effect of the six per cent
limitation Oregon's deficit keeps mounting. Whenever the
legislature meets it is solemnly charged with responsibility
to correct the situation, and the legislature proceeds to the
best of its ability to restore financial solvency to the state
treasury. And as regularly, the forces of referendum are in-
i voked or the voice of the people called upon with the result
that the interested minority, succeeds in thwarting the pro
gram of the legislature.
The last legislature enacted a three-fold program to meet
the tax situation : the excise tax, tax on intangibles, and in
come tax. The last and the first are threatened under the j
referendum. If held up it means, additional delay; if the
measures are rejected, then the future for the state, would
appear well-nigh hopeless. - j
One of the first necessities of government is the levying
of taxes to meet the costs of government. Failure to provide
revenues means eventually the breakdown of government.
Oregon of course will not come to that ; but we fear it will
not get out of the woods until some one arises strong enough
to bump a few heads together and impress the people with
the priority of state welfare over private advantage.
It is easy enough to find objections to any scheme of
taxation proposed ; it will only be by decent compromise that
an improved tax system will be secured. If this political
impasse continues much longer desperate remedies may be
resorted to, in the effort to break the handcuffs of the
When Do We Drink-and What?
THE city council is calling into its honorable presence the
executives of the water company to find out what they
are doing to remedy the situation with respect to Salem's
water. That is well. But the major question is, what is the
city council doing toward the permanent solution of the prob
lem. These facts seem elemental:
First, that the initial step
lem should be municipal ownership.
Second, extensive improvements to the present water
plant should be deferred until the city does take steps to ac
quire the present operating company.'
Third, exentually the city will want to go to the moun-
" tains for water. This should be
at low cost.
Objection may be raised that the city cannot afford to go
into the water business here, calling as it would for a large
bond Issue. The answer is simple: the present operators re-
ceaciy bought the plant, issued bonds and stock thereon to
finance the purchase. The Salem consumers are financing
this purchase cost at the present time. We are paying inter
est of the company bonds and dividends on the company
stock. We do not object to
operation. But the same sums could as well go to paying for
the debt incurred directly by the municipality.
We have large and vital interests at stake: the health
and prosperity of the entire community. City after city has
decided the same question in the same way, namely, through
municipal control of its own water supply and distributing
The Statesman repeats what it has said before: Salem
should own its own water systenu-
The city council should not evade this issue, but take in
telligent steps toward bringing municipal ownership of the
water system to pass.
1 When Death is Unleashed
HOW swiftly the agencies for succour may .become the
weapons of death. At Cleveland the materials which had
been used in a hospital's ceaseless campaign against illness
' and pain became, the instruments of death to others. Deadly
chemicals fixed in solution or in precipitate were the servants
of doctors and chemists; released in gases they terrorized
t and killed.
We so often glow with self -pride and recount our achieve
ments in the mastery over the materials and forces of na
. ture. A slight slip here or there, and our knowledge and
strength are impotent to save ourselves from disaster. In
vestigations will follow at Cleveland, of course. Immediate
causes may be definitely ascertained and perhaps responsi
bility placed. But the great fact is that the powers of man
are yet limited; that ceaseless vigilance is required for him
to preserve himself on this planet.
Daily papers will
angle killings. They
Cuba cannot be blxmed for looking
tariff as a sort of step-fatherly act.
Civil War Vet
PRATUM, Mar 17. Carry
Smith, an untie of U. Jf. Lambert
and a civil war veteran who lives
near Seattle, is visiting with rel
' Dave Lambert, father of Mrs.
Valentine Gerig is a visitor her
legislation in Oregon. Any
provided it is adequately fi-
agency to suspend tne enacv
toward solving the water prob
done when it can be financed
that so long as it is a private
soon have to establish a department of tri
are rivalling Sunday auto accidents in fre-
on the increase in sugar
from Texas. He came by way of
Nebraska several weeks ago where
It was very cold at that time. He
spent most Of the time since he
came to Oregon at the Bell home
In Kings Valley. He has two more
daughters living at Frultland and
a son In Salem. It is expected that
he will make quite an extended
Read the Classified Ads.
; : : V,J f NOSE '
5 I Ljrn
BITS for BREAKFAST
By R. J. HENDRICKS
About Salem's name
There were controversies in the
old days, and even yet we hear oc
casional regrets voiced that !t was
not allowed to stand as the local
ity was known to the Indians,
The Oregon territorial legisla
ture in the session of 1853-4, en
gaged somewhat in the business
of changing the names of places
and streams. For instance. Albany
war fthancpd to Tnlrpnah Marvn.
ville o Corvallis, and Salem came I
within one vote or being changed
to Chemeketa. Cut more about
Referring again fo the peace
parley of Table Rock. Judge Mat
thew P. Deady left his Umpqua
valley farm September 1, 1853, by
horseback for Jacksonville, to
hold the United States district
court there in its first session
the first court that was ever held
in Oregon south .of the Umpqua.
He afterwards, up to 1859, when
Oregon became a state, passed
that way from four to six times a
year, on. the same errand.
At the Umpqua canyon the
young Judge overtook Lieutenant,
afterwards governor and United
States senator Grover, with the
advance of Col. Xesniith's com
pany from Salem. Grover shared
his blankets with DeaJy that night
on the bank of the South Umpqua.
Deady arrived at General Lane's
camp, about 12 miles north of
Jacksonville, in time to be pres
ent at the powwow wh?re the
terms of the treaty were settled,
on September 10th.
Said Judge Deady In writing of
scene, among otner things, some
30 years later: "The scene of the
famous peace talk between Joseph
Lane and Indian Joseph two men
who had so lately met in mortal
combat was worthy of the pen of
Sir Walter Scott and the pen-" of
Salvator Rosa. It was on a nar
row bench of a long, genily slop
ing hill, lying over against the
noted bluff called Table Rock
Lane was in fatigue dress, the
arm which was wounded at Buena
Vista in a sling from a fresh bal
let wound. Indian Jospeh, tall,
grave and self possessed, wore a
long black robe over his ordinary
dress. By "his side sat Mary,, his
favorite child and faithful com
panion, then a comparatively
handsome young woman, un
i the vices of civiliza-
tion. Around these, sat on the
grass (here Deady mentions the
names of the other white members
of the peace parley most of them
afterwards prominent in the na
tion's affairs). A short distance
above us on the hlllsldo were some
hundreds (Col. Nesmlth said 700)
of dusky warriors in fighting gear,
reclining quietly on the ground.
"The day was beautiful. To the
east of us rose abruptly Table
Rock, and at its base stood
Smith's dragoons, waiting anx
iously with hand on horse the is
sue of this attemp to make peace
without their aid.
"After a proposition was dis
cussed and settled between the
two chiefs, the Indian (interpret
er) would rise up and communi
cate the matter o a huge warrior
who reclined at the foot of a tree
quite near us. Then the latter
rose up and communicated the
matter to the host above- him,
and they labored it back and forth
with many voices. Then the war
rior communicated the thought of
the multiude on the subject back
to the chief; and so the discussion
wen on until an jnderstanding
was finally reached. Then we sep
arated the Indians going back to
their moan tain retreat, and the
I whites to their camp.
That Feeling Of Captivity
"That evening I rode up to
Jacksonville through what I
thought was the most picturesque
valley I ever saw. The next morn
ing i opened in due form the
United States district court for
the couny of Jackson and the
word of the law superseded the
edge of the sword."
Judge Deady, on that first trip
on his official errand, saw some
evidences of white as well as In
dian treachery and cruelty. The
commission of outrages by the un
tutored savages was bound to
arouse in the breasts of the whites
thoughts of vengeance against
them. The men and women who
suffered from Indian outrages had
basis for the common conclusion
then prevailing, terrible as were
some of its results in cases where
innocent victims were involved,
that the only "good" Indian was
a dead one.
The wonder is that any Indians
at all survived, as enough did to
make the present day Indian pop
ulation of this whole country per
haps as large as It ever was; and
in the past several decades slowly
ZENA, May 17 The county
road grader is being employed
this month to help widen the hill
road from Zena to Salem. Heavy
blasting also is being done at b ov
er a l narrow points on the road.
The Zena school Is planning an
all day picnic to be held at "Scots
Grove" to celebrate the last day
of school. May 24. The fifth and
seventh grades were dismissed for
the day Friday when the sixth
and eighth grades were taking ex
aminations. Harold "French and Robert
Crawford, sophomores at the Am
ity high school, joined a merry
group composed of their class
when they had a welner "roast"
at Amity Wednesday night.
J. F. McKinley of the Salem
postoffice force is taking a short
vacation and has been at McKin
ley Orchards at Zena several days
this week, motoring out from Sa
lem each day. Mr. McKinley and
family, resided here before mov-
XOTICK OP HEARING OF
In the County Court of the State
of Oregon, for Marlon County.
In the Matter of the Estate of
T. K. Ford, Deceased.
Notico is hereby given that the
undersigned, as Executrix of the
estate of T. K. Ford, Deceased, has
filed her final account in the
County Court for the State of
Oregon for Marion Courity; and
that Monday, the 17th day of
June. 1929, at the hour ct 10
o'clock in the forenoon of said
day and the court room of said
court has been fixed by said court
as the time and place for the hear
ing of objections thereto and the
settlement thereof, at which time
any person Interested In such es
tate may appear and file objec
tions thereto in writing and con
test the same.
Dated this 18 th day of May,
LORETTA M. FORD,
Executrix of the Estate of T. K.
Date of first publication. May IS,
Date of last publication, June 15,
BERT T. FORD.
Attorney- for Executrix.
1U H ZEN!
Expreaaloiis of Opinion from
Statesman Readers are
Welcomed for Use la this
column. All lettera Must
Bear Writer's Name,
Though. Thi Need Nit be
Cinders to the left of us.
Cinders to the right;
Cinders all over us,
'Till we simply look a fright;
Cinders on our coats.
Cinders on our hats.
Cinders in both our eyes,
'Till we're blind as any bat;
Cinders up above us.
Cinders under feet;
Cinders flying through the air,
Landing nice and seat;
Cinders fine and dainty.
Cinders coarse and rough;
Cinders hitting in the face,
'Till we're all fussed up.
But please don't blame this Salem
Nor the City Council, either;
T'would be a shame to place the
aught but the sooty cinder.
. Mrs. George H. Lea veil.
It was suggested sometime ago
by the board of health that we
drink six glasses of water daily.
Why not an official Salem cock
tail? Have it okayed by the Com
mercial club. Have Mr. Hendricks
devote a slogan page to it; the re
sult would be a wonderful piece
of advertising for Salem. Here is
One glass of Salem water, one
teaspoonful of algae and a dash
of chlorine. In case you should
decide to offer a prize for the best
recipe this will be my entry.
Town Talks from The States
man Our Fathers Read
May 18", 10O4
Somewhat of a seneation was
created at the council meeting
last night when Alderman Bayne
entered a vigorous protest against
certain methods being pursued by
some members in transaction of
the city business. He asserted the
committee on strees failed to re
port sale of a road grader and cart
horse and that properly was dis
posed of without authariy.
Claude Gatch of Salem was
elected high priest at the grand
encampment of Odd Fellows of
Oregon in session in Astoria.
Professor William Albert Man
ning, Willamette university grad
uate, has b3en visiting his parents,
Rev. and Mrs. William Manning,
and left yesterday for Paris. He
recently took his M. A. and Ph. D.
degrees from Stanford.
The Parrish junior high school
baseball team won the local jun
ior high championship Thursday
afternoon by defeating Leslie jun
ior high 9 to 5. Parrish scored two
runs in the second inning, three
in the fourth, two in the fifth
and two In the sixth. Atkins of
Leslie matte an exceptional show
ing la the field.
Leslie Atkins, as; Cross 2b;
Anderson, c; Grimes, p; Otjen,
rf; Johnson, lb; Coon, 3b; Bar
net t. cf; Groves, p; Burris, rf.
Parrish Tarnell. 2b; McCar
thy, ss; Bowden, e; Sugal, p; Cof
fey, lb; Bowden. cf; Fagg, 3b;
DeJardin, If; Backe, rf.
THE SANTIAM PASS HIGHWAY
The Albany Democrat-Herald.
aroused by failure of the federal
government to co-operate in the
building of the Santiam highway.
advocates extension of the Stan-
field act to apply to all federal re
serves, thus requiring the federal
government to pay to counties in
which reserve lands lie the equiv
alent of the taxes they are losing
through the withholding of the
lands from private ownership.
According to the Democrat-Her
ald the federal bureau of roads
has refused to participate in the
Santiam forest reserve link of the
road project. This being the case
there is cause for the people In
terested in seeing the project com
pleted to feel aggrieved. The at
titude of the federal bureau is un
just and wrong. There is definite
demand and need for the Santiam
highway, not only by the counties
on both sides of the Cascades
which it would benefit but also
for the state's general develop
ment and for tourist traffic. The
Santiam pass is comparatively low
and it is forested, thus offering
an impediment to the drifting of
snows in winter. or tnese rea
sons its advocates contend that
the proposed highway over that
route could be kept open through
out the year. This latter conten
tion alone, if substantiated, is suf
ficient reason why the Santiam
highway should be built promptly.
The Democrat-Herald argues
that if the Santiam forest were
in private ownership the taxes on
its lands would long ago have sup
plied funds sufficient to have built
the Santiam highway, which is
true enough although it does not
fellow that funds so .raised would
have been so applied. It is more
likely that If those lands had
been privately owned they would
have been cut over, made value
less and allowed to revert to the
state for unpaid taxes ere now, as
has been the case with large areas
of other similar highly located
logged lands. The Democrat-Herald
also permits Itself to say that
the extent of the federal contribu
tion to the development of Oregon
is 25 per cent of timber sales rev
enue and sometimes a participa
tion in road building costs within
the federal reserves. But the 25
per cent amounts to about 9180,
000 a year to Oregon and in addi
tion the government is spending
an average of 91,340,000 a year
on Oregon roads, besides giving
watershed and forest protection
that are vastly valuable to the
state. What the government puts
back into Oregon forests each year
in the items named and various
lesser ones, plus the cost of the
forest protection gives an aggre
gate sum that is largely In excess
of the total receipts to the govern
ment from the reserve lands from
all sources. And of course it Is
worth a "great deal " to '-Oregon to
have its forests protected and har
vested on a replacement basis.
That latter we seldom have except
under federal administration.
It seems to this newspaper that
members of the Oregon delegation
in congress, and more particular
ly Representative Hawley. might
well be appealed to for help to
wards getting the federal bureau
of roads to give the needed co-operation
in the Santiam highway
project. It is equally obvious that
the State Highway commission
will be making no mistake if it
will give early attention and ac
tion to that project. The Santiam
highway ought to be built. Eu
The willingness of Calvin Coo
lldge to accept a place on the di
rectorate of one of the country's
greatest life insurance companies
is evidence of the respectability
of the insurance business, Grover
Cleveland, after his retirement
from the presidency, was a mem
ber of the board of directors of
an Insurance concern. Not a few
of the companies transacting a
nation-wide business have assets
running into the hundreds of mil
lions. Their affairs have been
placed on a solid footing under
state regulation, and by recogni
tion of an important trusteeship.
Mutual companies Are handling
other people's money, being re
sponsible for investments and for
factors of safety. The life insur
ance business is growing year by
year and forms an outlet for sav
ings of the people, coupled with
a sound plan for the protection of
the wives and children of citizens
of the republic. Oregon City En
terprise. THE URGE OP POLITICS
After a man has, served as gov
ernor of the state does he ever
go back to his original pursuits
and follow them in an even way?
This question comes to us when
we see that Governor P. C. Moore
of Idaho has applied at Washing
ton to be land commissioner. We
remember when Moore left the
farm to enter the campaign for
governor in Idaho. How prac
tically he did talk. He told all
the cow-men for In those days
beef was not worth much, to
trade off their chaps for a milk
bucket and to start milking rows
and the -old day of the beet pro
ducer was over.
Governor Moore said many
things along the same lines. When
he went out to speak he went in
We will be glad to go to
your place and pay the
foil value. We want
Bafs, Paper, Metal, Etc.
S90 if. Commercial Si.
8affroa ft Kline
IF statistics bother you, ignore
this column today for we are
forced to use a number of fig
ures to illustrate the enormous im
portance of the automobile busi
ness to the commercial life of
America. The facts are almost as
amazing as Ripley's "Do you
Believe it or not but the United
States has 77 of the motor ve
hicles in the world. And we man
ufacture 83 ofthe automobiles
used in the world!
Think of it; America has regis
trations in 1928 of 24.493,124
motor vehicles while the United
Kingdom, not England alone but
England and her provinces, has a
total registration of 1.318,169, aj
small percentage of those used in j
the United States. Germany, with
a population active and alert, hasj
culy 531,000 motor vehicles, less
than the registration of many
states in our country.
WE have a motor vehicle fojt
every 4.9 persons in oui
country, China one for ev-j
ery 17,000. In France the ratio
is one motor vehicle for every 37
Complain about America, if you
wish; say Oregon is a backwards
state and then face the facts. We
are marvelously prosperous; ex
ceptionally favored; rich man,
poor man, beggar man, has oppor
tunity to get in the " Id bus" and
go where he will on paved high
ways through sc&nlc beauties un
surpassed by Switzerland and her
One reason for the widespread
use of cars in America is good
roads. We have more than 3.
000,000 miles of roads. Franca
comes next with 4 40.000 miles:
the United Kingdom, vs6t country,
has only 178,000 miles of roads.
Small wonder that America uses
automobiles and wajiis more of
Another reason is the availabil
ity of credit. Of all new cars sold
the commonest kind of clothes.
He mixed well with the farmers
and was one of them. It was be
lieved by many of his supporters
that when he had finished his
term in politics that he would go
back to the farm and be a farm
er, but it seems that such is the
impossible. The governor got a
taste of the city life, got a taste
of the political whirlpool; now In
stead of staying with the farm, as
his adherents fully expected he
would, he is knocking at the door
of the White House asking for a
federal appointment. Surely poli
tics ruins most of them no matter
how sound they think or how
well balanced they are when they
enter the game Klamath Falls
JAIL BREAK FATAL
WICHITA FALLS. Tex., May
17 (AP) One prisoner was shot
to death and two others wounded
when four men in the Wichita
county jail rushed their Jailer to
day In an attempt to escape.
CHOICE OP WAFFLE IRON, THIRTY-TWO PIECE
DINNER SET or ELECTRIC PERCOLATOR.
(Values $10.00 each)
ai rt$ immeraai si. saiem, ureson
, -RITE DOWN TOWN v v
Terse comments on Events,
Local and Abroad, of the Past
in 192S, 58 wsre sold on tlmj
payments; yet this m.thod is de
creasing in popularity; in 1925
C$ of the cars went out in re
turn for promises to ray.
There are many more facts
which intrigue one who is Inter
ested In seeing the rapidity with
which we hare become a nation on
Thirteen years ago less than 30.
000 cars entered our national park
during the season. Last year al
most 600,000 cars were checked
into the national parks.
Some idea of the size of the in
dustry is also gained from a state
ment of the number of people
employed. In 192S, more than
four millions of people depended
on the automobile industry for
their bread and butter. Wage? in
automobile factories reached the
stupendous total of $712,000,000.
Capital invested in automobile
manufacturing reached nearly to
the two billion dollar mark. Here
the mind refuses to follow the pic
ture. The size is too stupendous.
Moreover, the United States la
flooding the world with our cars.
Eight years ago we shipped 41,000
cars from our shores. Last year
our exports of cars reached the
mark of 515.762. There seems to
be no saturation point at home
for cars; with the scarcity of cars
used in other countries who can
predict where car shipments will
cease? Eighteen per cent of our
production was exported in 1928.
There are other interesting tid
bits in this national report on the
automobile interest. If your car
is stolen, you have 93 chances
out of 100 to have ft returned:
this is the law of average worked
out for the 25 leading cities of
If you buy a new car. its aver
age lifetime may be estimated at
6 3-4 years. This is the average
proved by the experience of car
owners throughout the country.
And if you buy an automobile
there is a 66 chance it will be a
closed car. Only six cars in 100
are touring cars. Days of goggles
and scarfs and dust are gone for
ever. Turn Your
We will call for any amount
of Junk you. have and pay
full Cash Value on sacks,
rags, paper, metal, etc.
CAPITOL JUNK CO.
. H. STEINBOCK, Prop. .
143 Center St. By the bridge
With every JANGE
RANGE sold daring
Gfoy Cs Sobq