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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 10, 1929)
New OREGON STATESMAN,. Salem. Oregon Sunday Morning March 10, 1929
Panorama of Plenty and
City of Beauty W
High Destiny of Salem
City Planning Should Come
Its Cost; Will Have
This statement la by a well
known authority; It has been es
timated that most American cities
will doable in population in 50
No particularly optimistic ri
sion inspires the predleition that
Salem will quadruple her popula
tion in less time .than that, and
double the number of people in
what is termed by .census taken
her metropolitan district in 10 or
15 or 20 years. Taking her pres
ent population In city and sub
urbs at 30,000 and that is con
servative this will mean 60,000
In possibly 10 years, and ' surely
not more than 20 years; and more
than 120,000 by 1987. -
What will bring; this about The
development of the Industries on
the land. Flax and linen develop
ment, now fairly under way on a
basis of large operations, will ac
count for a large part of growth
It Is predicted that, long before
the end. of 50 years, we will have
here a $100,000,000 annual in
dustry in flax and linens; and
hemp, and their indirect Industrial
dependents. It would take' a page
several pages to give all the
reasons for this hope this cer
Our nut growing Industries will
develop fast. Before 50 years shall
have passed, thja will bethe great
est, edible nut-growing district In
the world. Anitaer page and more
would be required to follow out
all the reasons making for. this
probability this certainty. Our
natural conditions guarantee this.
It is the climate; the ' soil, sun
Buine and shower.
I.nner before SO win hall li
fi!'p!tMed, there will be still water in
the Willamette river, with a boat
ing and barging stage the year
through, putting wharfs and ware
houses and factories all u p and
down both banks of that stream,
connected by water borne trans
jiortation with all the deep sea
lorta of the world.
The fixing of reasonable and
permanent protective rates on su
par will start our sugar, industry
development, in all three of the
commercial products of -sweets,
made from beets and artichokes
sua corn. This will call for major
irrigation projects, and' the Wil
lamette, valley win become' one
great-garden and orchard and di
versified farm, with rotations in
cluding flax and hemp and sugar
beets and artichokes, and all the
or her crops of this land of diver
sity; ranging through a wider list
than is possible in a similar sixed
district in .the worlds -: - , ..
That is the picture; rather a
ketchy outline of a picture that
1m in the making and bound to un
fold into a panorama of plenty
beyond the dreams of even the pi
oneers who gave Oregon her state
motto, "Alls volat proprils." mean
in? she flies with her own wings.
Oregon will be mors a self contain
el empire than the men vlsioned
who laid the foundations of the
Business in Beauty.
And Salem will be the true
"ray Beautiful." There is every
advantage, with our setting of the
city, on hill and in vale, and along
water stretches than can be ren
dered charming in a thousand
it was said a few months ago
that there were no less than S90
: American cities with city plan
The individual horns owners of
Galem have dons much in past
years towards rendering Salem a
beautiful city, and our civic organ
izations and superintendents of
our public institutions have done
a great deal. And this urge has had
greater impetus in the past few
years than at In any other period
since Salem: became a village
growing up around the old Ore
gon Institute, making its begin
nings something like 90 years
ago. our developing Into Willam
But Salem should have now
rity planning commission, with
duties and powers looking to the
future growth of the city and its
ever widening environs along lines
of symmetry and beauty. "
There should be some kind of a
district organization functioning
for the section covering the hills
south of the cemeteries. 4 -
Another one should be looking
to the development of the section
along the highway bordering on
the slough road; or the "riverside
Another for southeast Salem,
nd all the way up Mill creek to
Dates of Slogans in
(With a few possible changes)
Loganberries, October 7, 1121.
Prunes. October 14.
Dairying. October SI.
Flax, October 20V
Filberts. November 4.
Walnut. November 11. .
Strawberries, November It.
Apples. Figs, etc.. Not. 26. .
Raspberries. December 2V:
Mint. December t. K , ,
Beans, etc.. December it.. -
Blackberries. December 22.'
Cherries, -December 10.
Pears. January t. 1929. 1 ; v
Gooseberries. January 12.
Corn. January 20.
Celery, January 27.
Spinach, etc February 2.
Onions, etc., -February it.
Potatoes; etei February 17. .
Bees. February 24. -Poultry
and Pet Stock. Mar. 2.
City Beautiful, etc., March 10.
Great Cows. March 17.
Paved Highways, March 24,
Head Lettuce? March 21. '
Silos, etc. April 7.
Legumes, April: 14. -----Asparagus,
ete., Apjll 1 1,; .
Now; It Will Pay More Than
More Than 120,000
the old reform school; which Is
to become In time the big factory
district or Salem.
The district along the Willam
ette river below Salem should
have the attentions of a planning
The same thing is true of the
section In the northern suburbs
and around the state fair grounds,
snd that running east and south
In a little while, Salem will
grow around the penitentiary and
the air port and the fairgrounds.
and be well on the way towards
Not Just VUionary
What 13 being put, down in cold
print here is not Just a visionary
dream. It is dally coming true, as
certainly as the city has grown
from the first dwelling house on
Broadway, near North Mill creek.
built by Jason Lee, and still stand
ing almost as it was when erected
The pioneer business district was
there. That house was the post of
fice store, hospital, home of the
missionaries. -. ,
;i Then the new business center
shifted to around the corner of
Commercial and Ferry streets,
where the legislature held its ses
sions, and the offices of the gov
ernor and secretary of state and
state treasurer weff . Ideated, and
the state library! was; kept the
latter in the upper rooms of what
is now the Statesman office.
There will be other shifts of bus
iness centers. There will be new,
exclusive residential districts.
There will be growth; continuous
growth. It should be ordered
growth, looking to beauty and
There are perhaps 50 miles of
rose lined streets in Salem now.
We will have, and should have.
hundreds of miles.
It Is a Saving
"By doing things at the right
time and In the right way, compre
hensive city planning saves more
than it costs.. This Is a truism
that Salem must regard and act
Utility and beauty should go
hand In-hand. Town planning IsH
concerned, first, with use and
convenience. Beauty comes next,
or rather goes with utility.
Mrs. W. P. Lord, during her
lifetime, wrote a good deal about
the better use of our streams in
making Salem beautiful. At first,
this was an uphill struggle. The
people have shied away from the
streams. They did not have the
vision of Mrs. Lord. But her work
finally bore fruit. Now creek and
river bank locations are at a pre
mium. And this preference may
be carried very much further, to
the advantage of this city.
There is good business in beau
ty. It will bring better homes; a
higher class of home builders. It
will attract wealthy residents from
cities not doing so much to make
their surroundings attractive.
The Initial costs of city plan
ning need not be large. Indeed, It
Is conceivable that some of onr
public spirited leaders would serve
on an official board without pay,
excepting that which they would
get from the satisfaction of being
of use to their day and genera
tion. But they would naturally form
ulate plans that would require
large expenditures In carrying out:
But most of these, if not all of
them, would pay for themselves in
the enhanced values of property
they would give to their particular
Chemeketa, the first name of
Salem, the Indian name, meant
home place. Salem Is a city of
homes. It will reach Its greatest
wealth and prominence in follow
ing out the Idea of making it the
perfect home city; the real "City
REPORT LARGE PRODUCTION
DETROIT. Mich. Production
of the new models of the Graham-
Palre line In February attained
a total of 10.004. the shortest
month of the year having proved
to be the second largest in ura-h&m-Palf
e history, having sur
passed by 1176 ears every month
of 192 S except August, at the
height of the selling season. The
February total showed an Increase
of 7 per eent over the preceding
month, and Is 2 times, tne total
for the same month last year. ,
Grapes, etc. April 22.
Drug Garden, May 6.
Sugar Industry. May 12. '
Water Pewen, May 1. '
Irrigation, May 2 C v
Mining, Juns 2.
Land, Irrigation, etc. June v
Floriculture. Jim II.
- Hops. Cabbage, etc., Jane 22. -Wholesaling.
Jobbing. June 20.
Cucumbers, etc, July ". -Hogs.
- GoaU, Jty 21. ;
Schools. July 22. : -
. Sheep. Aagust 4.-' .
- Seeds, August 11.
National Advertising, Aug. II.
Livestock, August 25.
Brain at Grain Products. Sept. 1
"Manufacturing. Sept. t. -
Woorworklng. etc, Sept. 16.-
Automotive Industries Sept. 22.'
; Paper Mills. Sept. 2 9.
(Back cop.es of the Sunday
; edition of The : Daily Oregon
: Statesman are on hand. They
are- for sale at 10 cents each.
mailed K any address. '-.
.Current, topics, 6 cents.. ; -
NaMrM- SeMng.: for World's City : Beautiful
i . -y ' y g-. .- .- k , . . .. .. ... . .... .' . "" " : . ' " "' ". ' " ' . ' ' -. 1 "' ' ' i i ii i i ' i
rTlHE pioneec founders of
X "City Beautif uL" In this, as in many other ways, they
builded better than they knew.
The home owners of the present Salem, and the super
intendents of our various public institutions, are doing their
part In making the dreams
true, i ngreater measure man neretoiore.
This spirit will persist, and it will grow
And the thing1 most needed now is a better 'direction of
its manifestations. Progress
according to plan. There should be a program of city plan
ning, for the greater Salem that
put in every direction. :
Lack of working to plans
ber of. American cities many millions beyond what would
have been necessary had there, been in their early stages a
program for development.
This is true of Portland, in the widening of streets alone.
In Salem, DrI.W. H. Willson, who platted the original city
blocks and lots and streets,- guarded against this possibility
with forethought that was remarkable for his time.
But Salem's present growth that is taking place and
will persist, 'north, south, east
There is good business in
mercial value m a city. Convenience and utility may go
along with order and urge for beautification. Nature has
done much and will do more.
Let s plan for the real true
Bateham Tells How Salem
Can be Made 100 Per Cent
Beautiful by Cooperation
Salem will become a perfectly beautiful city in the tru?
sense of the word if H. C. Bateham, gardener on the Wallace
road has his way. Bateham writes an instructive and inter
esting article, as follows, for The Statesman this week :
Instead of bragging about how
beautiful Salem is alreadyt as we
have been prone to do in years
past, let us change our tactics this
year and make a concerted effort
to get the few places tnat are not
yet beautiful, beautiful.
There are a few such in every
neighborhood. They are a distinct
drawback and detriment to any
street or locality. If the number of
such premises is large, all the
property near it has a distinct dis
count in value in the eyes of any
prospective home seeker. Let us
inquire into the cause of these
black eyes" that our otherwise
beautiful city is afflicted with.
Some belong to estates or heirs
who pass the responsibility from
one to another, even in some In
stance refusing to paint the house
or mow the weeds. They should be
made an example and forced to
clean up. Then there are the non
residents who list their property
for sale and as the property runs
down they run the price up so as
to reimburse them for interest and
taxes, which never come down. If
such places were cleaned up.
painted up and planted up. our re
altors would not only be able to
make sales more readily but also
for a better . price,-which would
more. than cover any outlay for
The same rules would also ap
ply to houses for rent. Other
things being equal, the house with
beautiful grounds will rent twice
as quickly as the one with no
: It must be said of Salem that
there are but very few who own
their own homes, no matter how
hew, but are planning as rapidly
as possible to make surrounding?
as beautiful as their means will
What Is Beauty?
What Is beauty, anyway, and
how much doss it cost -to buy -it?
Frankly. I never saw such s
homely or humble cottage but Its
objectionable features rould Ik
overcome or covered up by the
proper use of shrubs, vines and
plants. Many wlU say that a lawn
is the first essential, but I have
seen many a humble home where
the yard was so small that even
that gave way te flowers which
filled the yard and covered the
home, much, to the delight of the
cad lady who makes It her life
work,. ? v.. .x, .
The bugbear of expense Is what
deters many home owners from
tackling the beautification, hut
Manufacturers of '
Vinegar, Soda Water,
Salem Phone 26 ; Ore.
Keep Tour Moner in Oregon
Buy Monuments Made at
" Salem, Oregon
Capital Monumental Works
J. C. Jones Tt Co proprietors
All Kinds of Monumental -
:. -work,; ' . J i
v Tactory and" Office: 4-
2219 8. Commercial 8t. I
1 Opposite L -O. t. r, ;
Cemetery, Box 21 V.;
Phone CI9 - - Salem. Oregon
.- - J"
YOUR NEW WHEAT
And exchange It for hard wheat patent flour, or, any
of bur long list of milling specialties. We do custom
grinding. We supply what you need for what you have,,
CHERRY CITY HILLING CO. ; ; i
Salem, Oregon . '"
431 Trade St. - " ! Phone 318
Salem visioned here the true
of the pioneer builders come
in this field should be made
is certain to grow and spread
has cost and is costing a num
and west, needs direction.
beauty. Symmetry has com
Salem's setting is beautiful.
this need not be great or come all
at once. f
Of course. If one consult a
landscape architect, he will recom
mend everything he can think of
with the expectation of cutting
down and eliminating until a fig
ure Is reached where a bargain Is
Let me suggest the order that I
take up these beautification ex
penses, beginning with necessi
ties and ending with luxuries.
Naturally the lawn would come
first The highest priced seed need
not always be used, and one way
avoid seeding where shrubs, flow
ers, walks or drives are. to be lo
cated. This often saves half ex
pense. Next in importance are the
foundation shrubs around the base
of the house. They need not be
of large sise, as they grow fast;
neither need they be all evergreen
which are higher priced. If a por
tion are flowering varieties, the
effect is better during the sum
mer than all somber evergreens.
If desired for sake of economy,
the latter may be omitted for first
year, tilling in their spaces with
tall perennials such as michaelmas
daisies, hollyhocks or conopsis. Or
if necessary the shrubs can all be
deferred until later, and stlU a
good effect made at once with
cheaper perennials. A rare bed or
hedge next to the driveway or
garage is in Salem almost indis
pensable. They, are not planted on
the parking, however, as much as
' For a terrace or embankment a
rock garden is almost a necessity.
For a small, flat lot it Is some
times a luxury and sometimes an
The Window Boxes
Every up. to date home nowa
days has Its window or porch box
es included by the building con
tractor, and If well planted they
do have a beautifying effect.
Many an old fashioned house could
be wonderfully dressed up with
their flowing Tines and bright
blooms at slight expense. Plant
tubs or square boxes filled with
dwarf evergreens, give a stately
appearance on each side of the
front steps, and hanging baskets
on the porch are always graceful.
The lUy pond or pool is quite au
attraction If la its proper, setting,
and adds materially to the beauty
of large grounds or parks. Lastly
let me urge more use of the lattice
worst of all kinds called: garden
furniture. Pergolas, arbors, 'fen
Berry Plants, Seed Potatoes
Berry Crates and Hallocks
Portland Road, Salens, Oregoa
.: .J . ' - ,
Cobb. & Mitchell
' i:y.li V":W- ."-:' C
A. B.'Kelsayi Manager -
849 S. lSth St, A Plume 018
ces, rare arches, trellises, gates,
seats and stands all have their
uses, and set off the grounds beau
tlfullT If painted white against a
Daekground or green.
Let no one aver that this pro
gram of beautification la too elab
orate and far beyond his means.
Just remember that the whole
plan does not need, to be complet
ed the first year,-but let the pleas
ure seem prolonged and something
new added each year. It has been
said that a r6al gardener la never
satisfied with her grounds, but al
ways anticipates more beauty aeh
The mala thing It to have a
plan and make a start. To this end
I will be glad to lendmy assist
ance, submit . plans or give sug
gestions without any charge, for
we want Salem to win the prise
as being fully 100 per eent beau
H. CV BATEHAM.
Of Bateham Floral Gardens,
World Youth Leader Will
Speak at First Christian
Church March 20
Dr. Ira Landrith, citisenship su
perintendent of tfie International
Society of Christian Endeavor and
editor afield of the "Christian En
deavor World," will appear at the
First Christian church here Wed
nesday evening, March 20, at.7:3.0
o'clock. His subject has not been
announced but advance notice
marks him as a speaker both old
and young will want to hear.
Leader of Youth
Dr. Landrith has been a leader
of young people for years, and an
nually devotes ten months to tours
throughout the nation. He was
trained for the law and called for
the ministry, and has been his
church's chief executive, editor
and college president as well - as
a leader of, youth.
Sought National Office
He spoke in almost every army
camp and cantonment during the
World war, under International Y.
M. C. A. auspices. He led the sec
ond division of the famous Flying
Squadron, 1914-1915 with Oover.
nor J. Frank Hanly of Indiana,
touring 255 cities Including every
state capitol In the campaign for
national constitutional prohibi
tion. He was the conscripted dry
democratic candidate tor the vice,
presdency on the prohibition tick
et in 1916.
. U Hi
Funeral Work Specialty
Always Open Visitors Welcome
Lutz Florist and Nurseryman
16th and Market Telephone 2124
Oregon Pulp and
BOND LEDGER GLASSINE
Support Oregon Products
Specify "Salem Made" Paper for Your
.,' Office Stationery
All Kind of Junk
Bought and Sold
Anything from a Needle ;
; to a Steam Engine ,
CASH PAID FOR RAGS, BOTTLES, BARRELS, OLD
PAPER; CARPETS, IRON, WOOL, PELTS, 3RAPE
ROOT, CHITTAM BARK, PEPPERMINT OIL, ETC.
High Lights from College
Authority on Making One's
Home Still More Beautiful
Few Simple Rules Which
Owner Who Wishes
John C. Burtner of the department of industrial jour
nalism. Oregon State Agricultural- collecre. kindly furnishes
the following for this annual
of The Statesman:
From, the earliest time
adorn or ornament the thing which he treasures. One of the
things nearest a man's heart is his home. Whether it is a
city lot, a small suburban place, or real countrv property, it
offers an interesting problem
riety of solutions, observes A. L. Feck, professor of land
scape gardening at Oregon State college.
No two landscape problems are
ever alike, continues professor
Peck In discussing the question
further. The formation or contour
of the land, climate, geographical
situation, Investment involved.
purpose for which the land is in
tended, and other factors tend to
vary these problems.
Where considerable cost is .In
volved, it is best to secure the
services of a competent profes
sional landscape architect, advises
Peck While this costs money, it
will prove economical in the long
run, for his experience and trained
sense of the fitness of things will
usually bring about ad artistic so
Convcnirtico, Then Beauty
In many cases, however, the am
out involved is not large enough
to justify the employment of pro
fessional services, and a great
deal erf pleasure may be gained in
creatnlg for one's self. A good lay
out is the first step a design of
the effect to be created. In this,
convenience is the first necessity.
Any improvement that la not con
venient is a source of irritation.
Convenience, means walks so ar
ranged as to serve to their fullest
capacity, and a host of other de
tails. The garage, for Instance, is
often closer to the house, and also
leave room behind for a little gar
age or children playground, or
just plain lawn. The farther back
the garage ts placed the more
space is given up to driveway, and
the farther it is necessary to back
to get out. Many builders are now
putting the garage In with the
house and calling It a motor room,
which seems a desirable plan.
Selection of Trees
The rule of convenience applies
also to plantings, otherwise they
often prove themselves to be nui
sances. A group of trees, for in
stance, may block some beautiful
view. Another tree may east extra
heavy shade on one part of the
We Plan and Plant
Free of Charge
Ornamental Trees and
May Be Observed by the
to Work Out His Own
City Beautiful slogan number
man has always attempted to
in landscaping, and a great va
onae, making that part cold and
rlcomy in winter. If so. they are
poorly placed. Trees, rronerly
used, give the horns a jrood back
ground, and tiay he located to
cast an agreeable ehade on the
lawn In summer time.
-To use trees that lose their
leaves In winter is usually desir
able, especially In Oregon where
it Is cloudy much of the time.
This mesiw restraint In the use of
evergreens. The principle, howev
er, does not apply, to evergreen
shrubbry, which can be used to
make a lawn alive and interest
ing during the winter.
Opm Space Important
Whether the place is large or
small, one seeks for the feellns: oi
open lawn. This, of courso. harks
back to the old princjfle of mak
ing, plantings somewMt ' tpivard
the boundaries of tie' lawn area.
Residents of rural districts often
have the idea that a lawn neces
sarily means a closely cropped
area, such as is found in city
parks. This Is not necessarily so.
The opan area Is what counts, and
ir the carmer can so locate his
plants that he can mew his grass
tnree or four times in the spring
Sales and Service
High Street at Trade
BABY CHICKS, PULLETS,
COCKERELS, CUSTOM HATCHING
Send for osnr bis; catalogue
WATCH THIS SPACE EVERY WEEK
SPECIAL TODAY S Sol-Hot brooders, used 64 inch hover.
400 chick else. Price fC.O each.
BARRED ROCKS PULLETS February 1st hatch. Direct
from O. A. C. $1.10 each at If weeks.
WHITE LEGHORN PULLETS February hatches. Hansen
strain. Guaranteed quality. $1.00 each at 10 weeks.
Visit our Modern Poultry Plant
LLOYD A. LEE HATCHERY &
POULTRY BREEDING FARM
Route 6, Box 115 (Fruitland Road) . Salem, Oregon .
Lawn grass is a heavy feeder, and the constant v
mowing of the lawn removes the plant food which .
must be replaced with a complete, balanced fertilizer
that does the work without introducing any weeds.
A lawn will respond to yearly applications of fertili
zer very noticeably. Invariably such treatment
"causes the grasses to grow so vigorously as to crowd v,
out undesirable weeds and causes them to disappear,
moss grows only on soil that Is starving.
A sack of Morcrop Fertilizer'applied to the lawn
will result tn an immediate improvement In color and
growth. A 100-lb. sack will answer for the ordinary
city lot, and it is desirable that this be applied mi two
different periods during the season; ones early la the.
Spring as soon as the grass shows signs of growth,
again late in the Fall It Is easy to apply, has no ob
jectionable odor and the result of a healthy, well-fed
lawn will be to crowd out weeds and moss..- .,.7. ; v"
Beneficial results from the use of Morcrop are.
Ch as.: R;: "ApcSVepd
with a sickle bar mower, and then
leave It alone, letting the grasr
turn, brown in the summer, it it
happens to, let htm do so. It 1
the open space that Is tmportaat.
A little shrubbery close up to
the foundations of the house Is us
ually desirable. Many of the na
tive shrubs ef Oregon are valuable
for this purpose, as well as for
other plantings shout the grounds.
TJtes of Trees
There to no property, suburban
or rural, that is not materially
Improved by the planting of tree;
In the country the yard itself, tbf
barnyard, and some of the pro
perty perhaps along the fence nex(
to the highway could be profitably
planted to trees. Bsidea giving tb4
place an appearance of thriftj
good tree ptantings around the
home often have a marked influ
ence on one's personal comfort!
asieclally tn summer. And la
windy exposed situations, trees act
most satisfactorily as wind-breaks
.For transplanting, It ts some-;
times possible to collect certain;
material from your own wood lot
or wooded slope in the pasture
It is wise to guard against digging;
material that is too big. advise
Professor Peck. A tree six to elghtf
iset tall is large enough for any
transplanting, and if It is an ever
green. It should be smaller. Decid
uous trees those that lose tbetri
leaves ran be transplanted anfj
time between the fifteenth of Nont
vembcr and the fifteenth of March,!
in wstern Oregon. jjj
Drives and Walks jit
Drives te the home in suburban'
and rural property are very lraj
rortant, as it Is here the visitor ;
G?ts his first impression. A good;;
surface, and in this country, good
ilrafnnsre. are essential. For twd
Hnos of traffic to the home, where,
tlicre is a lot of passing to andj;
fro. probably a 16 foot drive i :
necessary. Where the circulation).
?-tq be al! in one direction, 10 to,,;
11 ifo';A w!!I suffice. $
Walks about the 'garden andjj
grounds also have great power to.!;
add or detract from appearance!!
and convenience. They may bel;
built of a number of different ma-!!!
te rials, commonest of which are't
srass. gravel, brick and flagstones.!;
Concrete Is sometimes used, but Is!','
of a more utilitarian nature, and!!'
rather out of place in a garden, h
Incubator Capacity 141,000
Brooder Capacity 23,000
COMPETE ' FERTILIZER; 1