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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 1, 1929)
Roger Williams Still Banished
THE decree of banishment which the Massachusetts Gen
. eral Court ordered against Roger Williams in 1635 may
'be lifted by the same body, says a news item from Boston.
We doubt if such actfon is taken as that was only 293 years
i .ago and we may hardly expect Massachusetts, to show quite
so much speed.
- . We think of Roger Williams as one who fled across the
snow, took refuge among the Narragansett Indians, and
founded Providence, Rhode Island as an asylum of religious
, freedom." In' reality Roger Williams was the bolshevik of his
day. He was as Cotton Mather later described Mm: the
" first rebel against the divine, church-order established in the
. wilderness." " I r
; He was a rebel without mistake." He found Salem and
Boston'' governed by an aristocracy of piety. The Puritans
v had established a theocracy which was, a combination of rigid
; Calvinism and Old Testament Hebraism. Only church mem
i'ibers could vote. Civil magistrates were to tarry out the or
ijders of presbytery as strictly as the secular arm the verdict
' of the inquisition. Roger Williams, a brilliant graduate of
Cambridge and student of the great -Coke, revolted against
: ,such ecclesiastical tyranny; and so was banished.
But Roger Williams was as much of a political rebel as.
: ; he was theological. He began an Anglican, then-was suc
cessively Separatist, Baptist and Seeker. A Seeker could be
'defined as a modern Unitarian or Christian -free-thinker. . In
politics he became a Leveler. He was a pure democrat. His
own theories of the social contract long preceded the ideas of
vithe natural-rights school and the doctrines of Rousseau.
vjCramping constitutions and closely-drawn frames of govern
ment were not for Williams. He would let the people revamp
their government whenever they chose. 7 A Leveler, he put
all men on the same' plane without distinction of race, creed
'or wealth. .-:
. Williams ranks as the innovator of genuine democracy.
He caught the revolutionary implications of Christianity as
applied to the existing social and political order. He set up
no church-controlled state, no aristocracy either of wealth or
of virtue. He said:
"A Civil! Government is an ordinance' of God, to conserve
. the Cmll peace of the people, so f aire as concerns their Bod
ies and Goods." ' j
! i We doubt if there is much place for him even in modern
! Massachusetts. Seventeenth century intolerances have been
supplanted by those of the twentieth century. Williams to
day would certainly be on the blacklist of the "keymen of
si America," and the D. A. R. would probably bar him from
speaking in their meetings. He was nevertheless jthe pro
, iphet of religious, political and social emancipation in Amer
ica. A modern author has well said of him, that he was
certainly the most generous, most open-minded, most lovable,
of the Puritan emigrants the truest Christian amongst
many who sincerely desired to be Christian.,
The National Pastime
XTINETEEN HUNDRED TWENTY-SEVEN, turned out to
: be nbto healthy a year for Oregon as 1926. The death
! rate in the state rose from 1123 per 100,000 of population
vl926 to 1146 in the following year. These are the figures
given out by the department of commerce. Oregon contin
ues to be one of the healthiest states in the union.. Deaths
totaled 9857 in 1926 and 10,206 in 1927 in this state.
r, The increases in rates of the various causes of mortality
, were from diseases pf the heart and influenza, while decreas
es were reported in rates from diarrhoea, enteritis, pneumon
ia. whooDintr couch 'and diphtheria. Hie chief causes of
Hpnth in 1927 wer hert ailments, whose rate was 218 ner
: hundred thousand; cancer, 112;-accidents, 93; nephritis
3 longnt s aisease ) , szus ; ? tUDercutosis, o.o ; cereurai nem
orrhage, 191; pneumonia, 68.1, " . i
Heart disease has displaced tuberculosis as the chief
cause of death. This 'may reflect the growing pressure of
modern livinir. more arduous labor piled on the heart. Wei
believe a truer explanation lies in the greater success in
treating other type oi cases sucn as luoercuxwis. jneaicat
science has accomplished so much in the war against disease,
that people when they come to die don t have so much choice
as formerly. Heart disease or cerebral hemorrhage haven't
been conquered in the way tha other diseases, notably the
Infectious diseases have. ?
It is literally amazing what has been done toward curing
lubercular cases as well as preventing the diseased Dr. Man
Bisailloru medical director of. the Portland Open Air sanitor
rum. showed slides at the Rotary club luncheon Wednesday
r. illustrating how cures had been effected which the laymen
would not dream of. For instance air is admitted into the
cavity of the thorax which compresses the cavity in the lung
i i - i i r i
wmcn may nave resuiteu lrum luuercutusus. Agaw a suhh
nerve is severed which causes one side of the diaphragm to
rise, compressing the lung and filling in the cavity.
After all the best cure is prevention. Health habits are
the indispensable factors of keeping weDL Public sanitation
is as important as individual hygiene in promoting health.
Razzing the Legislature
A LEGISLATOR told us the other day: -Never again."
He was a new member; he admitted hewas through.
And we do not wonder." What with the incessant lobbying,
the barrage of advice from newspapers and private citizens,
7 the pressure from this angle and that as well as the laborious
work involved of trying to keep up with the perplexing ques
tions coming up for decision, it is not surprising the legis-
lator --throws up his hands and shouts Enough." .. .
The worst trial of all we feel is the razzing which editors
of papers large and small give to the legislature. It has be
- come., the favorite indoor sport of news-mongers to take
cracks at the legislature. The" body is held up in derision
and it's IQ, set down at the minimum mark. .
It is true that a lot of freak legislation is proposed, a lot
of foolish bills are introduced. When it is all over however
the amount of absurd legislation relatively smalL The
laws passed are frequently imperfect, which is not surprising
considering the pressure tinder whkh they are driven
through. : .' -. -- "A: ;
We submit this proposition however tljat the legislature,
iA so far as it is a unit, is intelligent, conscientious and hard-
worKing. n aeserves mure ox pmse wu gircemun, uujik
of acclaim and less of popular acorn.
L - - - ,-' ' i. -
. ; ' . " . , . . V- . t -
THE SINGLE BOARD
Passage by the house yesterday
of the bill creating a single board
of higher education to replace the
separate board of regents and also
the board of higher curricula puts
the matter up to Governor Patter
son for . approval or disapproval,
the senate having previously
voted for the bill. It Is not im
probable that the governor will
pass favorably upon the measure.
Sponsors of the bill see in It an
Instrument which will save con
siderable money, eliminate un
necessary duplication of courses
at the schools of higher, education
and Insure a greater efficiency In
our educational plants besides re
ducing the friction between the
The measure, while It will be
more or less of an experiment in
this state, seems to offer results
well worth striving for. Other
states hare adopted the Idea with
The bill ' seems particularly
timely in view, of the nnendins
controversies between the univer
sity and the college. Both Institu
tions are In need of more funds
for buildings and equipment and
present their cases to the legisla
ture and to the people. There is
dispute over - the division of the
millage funds. There is this charge
and that counter-charge. Each in
stitution has strong friends and
partisan who are ready to do
valiant battle. The result Is con
fusion, bitterness, strife and the
issues remain undecided.
With a single board supervising
the affairs of the different
schools, regulating their courses
of : study, determining their rela
tive needs and distributing the ed
ucational funds. It would seem that
the aggravating situation would
to a considerable degree be alle
viated and that, too, without any
one of the schools sacrificing Its
The experiment Is at least
worth a trial. AstorUn Budget.
Bits for Breakfast
'By R. J. Hendricks
Oddfellows From Many Cities
at Monmouth on Mon- ,
MONMOUTH. . Feb. 28. The
visiting asociatlon of Polk county
Odd Follows met at Monmouth
Monday, night with an attendance
numbering about 350. Represen
tatives, were present from Inde
pendence, Falls. City, Dallas, Ball
ston. McCoy. Salem; and Oregon
Normal student members from va
rious lodges over the state. Mr.
Lee of Falls Citv. president of the
After the business meeting the
following program was enjoyed:
Song. America, in which all
Joined; reading by . Miss Alice
Butler; song by Miss Florence
Bierce, accompanied on piano by
DeVero Penhollow; reading by
Eunice Grlmsgard; plano-accprd-
ion number by Irene Blackerby.
The meeting was then turned over
to -Claude Boothby, chairman of
the: social committee.
Cards and Dance Enjoyed
Following the banquet a social
hour of cards and dancing was en
joyed with music, furnished by
Mr. and Mrs. Clay Taylor and
daughter Nan, and Mr. Pettit.
father of Mrs. Taylor, drove here
from Vancouver; Wash., Monday
evening for the Odd Fellows meet,
ihg, returning home after mid
night. Mr. Taylor" was formerly
city marshal of Monmouth and
they retain membership t lk the
Monmouth's Lions club enter
tained the first and second basket
ball teams of Oregon Normal
school and Coach Wolfe at lunch
eon Tuesday. A number of visit
ors from" the Independence Den
also were present. . Miss Margaret
Scruggs, a normal school student
sang, accompanied by- Miss Alice
The Lions are arranging for a
Ladles' night March 15.
Virgil Loomis spent the week j
end with his family. Mr. Loomis
is workia near TlUamook this;
Visits EolA Friends
Wayne Harding spent the weekJ
end visiting friends at Sola. Mrj
Harding Is principal of the -Brooks
Robert - Irwin and Wiley Sulli
van, pupus or tne urooKs puoac
sehool, moved with their parents
to Lablsh Center this week.
Mrs. A. Baynard, of .waeonda.
spent the past week as guest of
her cousin Mrs.' Crls Otto, here.
Olen Coffindaffer. youngest son
of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Coffin
daffer is ill with influenza, '
Mr. snd Mrs. George Bolter of
Roseburr and his brother Ernest
and wife, of Portland were Sunday
guests of their aunt, Mrs. Mary
Miss Brennen, county health
nurse, visited tne urooKs scnooi
Monday. She found several chil
dren with very bad colds. Twenty
pupils are absent from school be
cause of bad colds.
WILL BE ERECTED
. MILL CITY. Feb. 23 (Special)
The building formerly occupied
by the Mill City garage Is being
moved to the back of the lot on
which It stands, and will be used
for a storage garage, the front of
the lot. to be occupied by a modern
service station. The property be
longs to Bulger 11111. The service
station will be leased, the names
of the proprietors not yet being
Seniors at Silverton Choose
Comedy; Miss Hadley
SILVERTON,. Feb. J8. Miss
Dorothy Hadley; assistant drama-
tie coach of the senior high school
has Just completed the try-outs
for the senior play whieh Is sched
uled : on the school calendar, for
early May. The play selected is
"An: Early Birdaad-' the cast
Will inciuue; xxareia ruinnui,
Wilbur Nfcenberg. Harold Merri-
mani Elmo Llndholm. Joe Lytle,
Elisabeth Keene. Beatrice Booth,
Reta' Rahn, Berglolt Johnson,
Marguerite Bather. Irene Ooyette,
Edgar Irish and Robert Riches.
Rehearsals for the play will
commence this weeic.
Miss Elna Sandtne, spent the
vacation from Oregon State Nor
mal School, in Silverton visiting
atgtbe home of Miss Helen Dicker-
son. Miss xauriei uenison ana miss
Florence Neshelm. Miss Dicker-
son, was also at home for the ex
tended week end.
Arthur Neshelm of Toledo, and
tafiss Naomi Huggens of Siletz.
spent sunaay at tne nome oi mr.
Neshelm s parents, Mr. and Mrs.
C. A. Neshelm on Kent street.
Other dinner guests for the day
included Ed Reede and Laurence
Meet MISS Oregon
VNE of our pet peeves is "Old Man Oregon." 4
vJl You all know hinv the old man with loner-tailed black
coat, broad brimmed black hat, billowy umbrella and the in
evitable set of whiskers. Oad 2Xaa Oregon is supposed to
characterize Oregon the same as John Bull does England and
' Uncle Sam , the VAJ ' -yr-' i '
Maybe he does; maybe Oregon belongs iir the old man
fins with atvles of seventy-five years ago. : ' - . f
ye think not. We are tired of having this-live, active
western state pictured as a seedy old-timer. We recommend
that cartoonists draw a newxharacter for Oregon and here
ttMth nominate MISS Oreffon. Make her modern. Dress her
(or undress her) in the latest style. Touch her cheeks with
rnnirp Yh ner hair: or should it be growing out again! Pen
cil her eyebrows. We will not shock anyone by prescribing
a cigarette. Put youth, vivacity; personality into the make
ups. Anything: to get away irom ims oia-m&n complex wmuu
holds the state back. 'Ut i.
' ; Ladies- and gentlemen, we introduce -MISS Oregon tc
vou. Let her be queen of ther party for a time. -
WSf MAT YET GO INTO
When la January of 192S the
United States senate conditionally
agreed to the entry Of this nation
to tho world court of Internation
al justice tour of Its proposed res
ervations were accepted ty the
other nations interested. The fifth
oaetwas not rejected but the na
tions invited farther discussions.
There our government dropped the
matter for the time being. And we
are still outside.
Our state department has just
now taken the initiative towards
resumption of the negotiations by
proposiag to the member nations
an exchange of views regarding
the fifth reservation, which pro
vides that the United States shall
not be bound by advisory opinions
of the court rendered wtthout our
consent. As the court members did
not at any time reject this reser
vation but merely asked for an
exchange of ideas which might
clarify the position on both sides
and lead to agreement the pros-
teoas at least fair that'
agreement ' may - come
about. Secretary of State Kellogg
says that "thers seems to be but
Uttto difference regarding the
substance of the eontenUon
from cither side.
Just waking up
- S V
There Is a lot of attention to a
recent article In the Statesman
about the outstanding advantages
of walnut growing In the Willa
mette valley over that industry In
And the evidences of this should
have been more general and more
prompt. In brief, -the spread'1 of
the walnut Industry in California
is 1 doomed; in fact, the present
bearing acreage, Is decUnlng, and
bound to keep on in the same dt.
rectlon, to the vanishing point
The reasons. There is not
enough water either in the Call.
fornia rivers or underground from
wells to supply the irrigation that
is necessary for all crops there.
Including the walnut crops. The
level of water In the Irrigation
wells has gone down 10 feet on
the average, and It la steadily
going downward. Then the walnut
codling moth is destroying the
walnut trees. And the quality of
the product cannot.be maintained
on a par with Oregon walnuts, be
cause of the weather in harvest
time, melting the oil and making
the walnut meat rancid, and dis
coloring the kernels; making them
black. Those are some few reas
ons. There are others. Including
the high prices of walnut-land in
California;' its high sale value
mSking the overhead too much,
as compared with Oregon condi
As sure as water runs and grass
grows, the Willamette valley Is
headed to the chief place in all the
world in edible nut growing. Na
ture decreed that, in the eons past.
The keeping of federal prison
ers at the Oregon state peniten
tiary Is about at the vanishing
point. There is only one on hand
now, a woman. There are regu
larly about a dozen women pris
oners there now, a Jnigh mark
compared with any former time.
For a number of years, the Ore
gon prison had regularly a lot of
reaerai prisoners; . mostly men
That practice existed up to No
vember 12. 105, when all the
male federal prisoners were trans
iered to government institutions
mostly.to the penitentiary on Mc
Nell's island, at Steilacoom. near
m i H
The government pays the state
a flat 4r a month for the keeping
of women prisoners. There is only
one federal prison In the country
for women; in Virginia. In other
parts of the country, the women
convicted of the violation of fed.
eral laws are kept In the state
A lot has been said about the
case of a Michigan woman boot
legger .being liable to go to the
penitentiary for life, on her fourth
conviction. She is caught in the
toils of the Baumes law, which In
Oregon is the Lewis law. This ap
plies only to third or. fourth con
victions for felony owing to the
different forms of the law In the
different states. In Ohio, it fa on
third convictions, dating back be
fore the passage of the Baumes
law in New York.
s s s
The trouble is that the whole
idea of term convictions follows
wrong principles. No one should
be sent to prison for any term
Every sentence should be inde
terminate absolutely. And every
prisoner should be eligible to pa
role as soon as there is reforma
tion, there should be no releases.
Oh mves, the writer knows the gen
eral public will not agree to this
now. But it will come, because
It Is the right way. The right al
ways prevails, In time. Every mod
ern penologist and crimonologist
In the world; however, will agree
to this now.
COHS KEEP PUPILS
shall not be amended without our
consent. Morning . Register, Eugene.
LINDBERGH IX THE CABINET?
The suggestion has been made
that Lindbergh should have a
place in the cabinet and it Is cer
tain to awaken considerable re
sponse in that element of the pub
lic which Is moved by sentimental
rather than practical considera
tions. For why should Linabergn
be In the cabinet? He does not
need the salary; he already .has
more fame and popularity than
he knows what to do with and in
deed he might lose both If he ac
cepted a political office. 'Any cab
inet position is one of executive
authority over thousands of peo
ple, such as no young man in his
twenties is fitted by experience to
flu. . .
Lindbergh 1s a great aviator,
one of the greatest in the world.
His flight to Pari revealed that.
and his. subsequent aerial exploits
have shown the first to have been
no accident. It does not follow
Stem Talks from The State.
mum Owe Fathers Read
March 1, 1004
The C. A. A. C. has closed a con
tract with Harry Edmondson, re
cently of Santa Barbara, Calif., to.
manage the Salem baseball team
Architect W. C. Knighton has
opened an office in the First Na
tional bank building.
Harry De Wlndt, Russian trav
eler, will lecture at the Metho
dist church Saturday next.
that a great aviator would bo
eaually successful as a large scale
The -difference administrator. It Is almost certain
sp9remtly as difference largely that he would not until he had as
of terminology. -rt .much experience In this work .a
The United States-"reservations he had had in his ehosen calling
already accepted by the member
nations ; are that by supporting
and adhering to the world court
ws do not assume any obligations
under the league of nations, that
prior to the achievement that Won
him fame and fortune. A man' is
usually to stick to the thing he
can do best. Indeed the position
Lindbergh accepted in the avla-
we may participate on aa equality 'tlon work of the government a few
with other nations In the selection days ago Indicates his intention
of judges, that congress shall de,to "carry onT in this line, even if
termlna what . nronortion of the he does' have to stay on tne ground
court expense we shall beat and most of the time. Baker Dno
that the statute creating the courtier at Herald.
Students of the Oregon state
mute school have completed an
exhibit to be sent to the World's
Fair at St. Louis. It is now on dis
play in the Buren and Hamilton
Misses Halite Watson and Mae
Chapler were visitors in Wood
Dr Riley Booked
For Three Talks
HUBBARD. Feb. 28. Dr. P. O.
Riley of Hubbard is scheduled to
address the toUowlng meetings:
the Community club r of Salem
Heights. Wednesday night; the
State -Training - school, Monday,
March 4 at 8 o'clock, the subject
being MRome;" and the Kiwania
club la Portland at its noon lunch
eon Wednesday, March f. '
BROOKS, Feb. 28. (Special)
The Brooks Community club
will meet Thursday afternoon at,
the home of Mrs. Frank Ramp. AH
ladies ' are cordially Invited to
come. Mrs. Wfflard Ramp and
Mrs. Sylvester 1 Harris will assist
Mrs. Ramp at the tea hour.
Sunday dinner guests at the
home of Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Harris
were Mr. and Mrs. Robert Craw.
ford and children, Barbara Jean
and Kenneth Robert Crawford of
Salem, Mr. and Mrs. Sil Wanez of
Mission Bottom, Mr. and Mrs. Syl
vester Harris and Miss La von Har
ris and Albert Harris.
( i 1
Will Produce More Heat
be glad to help ( pif
ct the fuel that VI
you select the fuel that !
will give you the most -for
the cost. x
Bring your heat prob
lems to SalencHeat
GOOD WOOD ORCOAL
' SQOIlIlimaaim LTtioeIi-(SD. -
1405 Broadway ' i. Phone 1855
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Midnight blue kid or
black patent trimmed
with blue llaard.
1 L . ' . ! ...! Ill
We cannot begin to picture ; '
all of our flattering new '
' Slipper models . . . there are '
so many and : the patterns
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Whether the smart elegance " -of
their advance styles or -their
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into onr stores we are confident that
you will be delighted with our shoes.
Black patent sandal
cutout over - gray
"V " Phone 1435
275 N: Liberty
Hours 8 to 6