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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 23, 1928)
acK o erry moms
The New Oregon Statesman, Salem, Oregon; Sunday Morning) December 2S, 1928
The Pugh Pear Peeling
Machine Will Help Put
Up a Big Factory Here
Each Unit Will Do the Work of 100 Women and Make
Numerous Other Savings; Machine is Going
Out on Royalty
Salem is to be headquarters
of a concern making; labor saving
cannery machinery and devices
that is destined to have a large
and wpxld wide business.
A few days ago there was a
meeting of the stockholders of C.
J. Pugh & Co. at which were pres
ent among others, J. O. Holt of
Eugene, James O. Heltzel, Paul
Wallace and L. T. Reynolds of
Salem, and K. M. and C. J. Pugh
of this city, and it was decided to
begin making up Immediately af
ter the first of the year, five units
of the Pugh pear peeling machine
units, which have been spoken or
contractor for. Also, It was de
cided that for each unit contracted
for beyond five an extra one Is
to be made, up to at least a total
of ten units to be put out this
year. They are not to be sold.
They are to-be put out on royalty
C. J. Pugh, the Inventor and pa
tentee of the machine, commenced
working on the idea 10 years ago.
In 112? one trial machine was
made and taken by LI boy, McNeill
Llbby, and it worked very well.
This year a machine was made
for the cannery at Eugene, of
the Eugene Fruit Growers' asso
ciation, long managed by J. O.
Holt, and -that machine was tried
out successfully in the pear can
ning season this Xall, and It at
tracted much attention from can
ners. Mr. Hold found, that the' ma
chine effected a saving, not only
In wages paid out for women peel
ers, but it eliminated a great deal
of waste, for on the fruit going
through the machine there Is an
11 per cent waste only, a saving
of four per cent, or about $1.50
a ton. He thought the machine
might work on tomatoes and beets,
and It was tried out on them. It
worked on beets, but was not suc
cessful on tomatoes. Mr. Pugh
will no doubt, in time, find out
why, and make a machine that
will handle tomatoes.
The process, as was described
on the Slogan page last year, la to
first put the fruit through an acid
bath. This loosens the skin. Then
it is carried through water, which
stops the action of the acid. Then
It is taken to a cylinder where
me SKin is rubbed on. The ca
pacity of the machine at Eugene
is about 1500 bushels a day.
In the meantime, Mr. Pugh has
been working in the factory here
on Improvements. He has a ma
chine "on the floor" now, fully
set up. It is run by four women.
and each unit will do the work
formerly done by 100 women peel
The present machine is as far
ahead of the one at Eugene as
that one excels in its operations,
the orglnal one Installed by Llbby,
McNeill ft Llbby.
A recent trial run made by the
present machine resulted In the
putting through of 108 bushels
of pears In 30 minutes.
The machine on hand can be
taken to any cannery and Installed
In an hour. All that is needed Is
e'ectric, water and sewer connec
tions. Then it will be ready to go.
The cannery Installing It will have
no Initial expense,. It will save S25
on each $100 former cost of peel
ing, it saves Inspectors for peeled
pears; saves pay of men to put up
icg boxes, and hauling of peelings
Daves, i Dies, conveyors, pans,
grading for size before peeling. It
does a job that cannot be dupll
cated for neatness; obviates strlk
es ana laoor troubles; overcomes
labor shortages; handles fruit at
proper time; will work overtime
and Sundays without extra pay.
it taxes small floor space; eight
by 30 feet. No muss or slop or
slack time because of sickness or
lateness of women.
Here is a prediction by the Slo
gan man: The C. J. Pugh factory
will become one of the big man
ufacturing concerns of Salem, and
before very long. The whole block
or two blocks, owned by the com
pany at 650 South 21st street will
be covered by buildings filled with
The Pugh concern makes fruit
graders, fruit washing machines,
prong fruit trucks, cider mills,
stoves, crutches, and a lot of oth
er devices. Mr. Pugh has more
devices In his head or patented
or on the way to the patent of
fice. He will soon have a free hand
to develop the manufacturing bus
iness. The capital of the company Is
all subscribed. None is for sale.
Funds are In sight to make up the
10 pear peelers planned for this
year. It Is possible that more will
Anyway, within a few years,
there will be scores and possibly
hundreds of these machines out
at work making profits for the
company. How high? They will
be high enough, cutting them In
half, to "Justify the above .predic
tion. And all the Pugh invention
are simple, after one knows horn.
It la a wonder some one else did
not think of them, long ago. But
that is true of every Invention.
great or small.
There Is no longer any doubt
of the successful operation of the
peeler. And it is the first pear
peeling device that has ever suc
ceeded capable of mass produc
George W. Shand. formerly of
the Salem Iron works, and him
self a mechanical genlusV has giv
en Mr. Pugh much help in work
ing out his devices to the point of
practical success, and he has been
especially helpful in the work of
improving on the first pear peel
ME DOUBTFUL BET
Stating that the tourist busi
ness is Austria's greatest indus
try, W. Boeckl reported to the
export committee of the National
Automobile chamber of com
merce;" last week, that Austria
had an 80 per cent Increase in
motor registration during 19X8,
and expects to double its regis
tration next year.
Mr. Boekl Is. a director of the
Automobile club of Austria, and
of the Association of Highways in
Austria. He arrived in this
country last week in response to
an invitation from the National
Automobile chamber of commerce
to attend the International days
which will be held in connection
with the New York Automobile
show. Tuesday, January 8. will be
International day at the show.
and the visitors, from abroad will
hold an international conference
on the preceding day at chamber
headquarters, 366 Madison ave
nue. New -York.
Adequate financing for high
ways in Austria is the most Im
portant move which can be made
toward the prosperity of that
country, Mr. Boekl holds, ne
will spend considerable of his
time In America at the offices of
the U. S. bureau of public roads,
studying htghway construction
and finance methods in this
(John C. Burtner, high author
ity, at the Oregon State college,
sents the following, written for
this blackberry Slogan issue of
The Agricultural Outlook
port for 1928, Issued February 15
last, had this to say regarding the
prospect for blackberries and
other bramble fruits:
"At present canned bramble
fruits are receiving serious com
petition from canned . peaches.
prunes and pears, all of which are
comparatively low in price. It Is
evident that to meet this competi
tion the price of canned brambles
must be kept as low as possible
No increase' in the acreage of
brambles can be recommended at
this time except in localities
where the best cultural conditions
are obtained and where market
facilities are available."
No official figures of this year's
production of blackberries in Ore
gon are available, but official ob
servation indicates that little
change has taken place in acreage
or general volume of production
Prices this year were not such as
to stimulate production, and,
predicted in the outlook report,
plantings giving good return were
those, where cultural practices
were the best and where markets
were close at hand.
Fortunately these conditions
obtained in many parts ,oi Mar
ion conntv. where canning plants
have provided a steady outlet for
good berries especially of the ev
errreen variety. High quality is
being more and more Insisted
noon, however, with the conse-?
quent ' lessening of competition
from the uncultivated evergreen.
Almost phenomenal yields are ob
tained from evergreens in some
sections of Marlon county, and
where high yields of good quality
berries are possible profits ' are
good even at the marginal prices
prevailing the last two years
. The Market Outlook
A recent review of the canned
goods situation in the United
States had this to say regarding
the competition afforded canned
berries by other fruits:
'In order that the farmer may
be advised 'relative to the condi
tions which govern the sale of
berries' on the canned goods mar
ket, it might be well to give some
figures relative to the output oi
peaches in California, which gov
ems in a way the consumption of
our common fruits."1;.
"In 1927 California, packfd 10.-
829.CS1 cases or peacnes ana s
118.718 cases of- apricots. The
rear before California packed 13
million cases of peaches.. This
commodity Is sold on the market
at a much lower price than Ore
gon berries and consequently In
fluences the berry sale to a con
siderable extent. The demand for
California peaches and apricots is
quite large because ot the exten
sive advertising campaign that is
being carried on constantly
through the national magazines
by California packers. N
"The normal carry-over of
peaches represents such a . large
quantity that in order to move
these products 'they are sold on
the market at less than half price
in some cases. Consequently,
Oregon berries are not bought by
the consumer and the canner
holds a perishable article."
Thus the seasonal fluctuations
in production of. major fruits in
the canning trade has 'a direct
bearing on the demand for Oregon
canned berries and explains to
some extent the marked changes
in demand from year to year on
the part of packers.
The Big 1826 Tack
Vninme of Oregon canned black
berries reached a peak in 1926
nen 343,582 cases were packed.
The following year the total
dropped to approximately half ot
that amount, only 175,884 being
packed. Just how many were
packed this year Is not known as
yet, but late last year this warn-!
ing was issued among the packing
"Blackberries. Blackber r i e s
were packed in smaller quanti
ties this year than normally be
cause of the larger carry-over In
1926. It is not desirable to pack
blackberries in suck extensive
quantities as were packed in 1926
because of the other states in the
union that normally pack black
berries in large quantities, caus
ing the price to drop down below
the cost of packing, making it un
profitable for the packer to pack
this commodity in any large quan
tity except on order."
Statistics on Packs
The following groups of statis
tics show the relationship of
blackberry production in this and
competing states, and shows the
growth in this state together with
Its relation to other fruit crops.
Blackberries canned in 1924,
North Carolina .
All other states
Figures for 1927 for Oregon
Total 644,69 S
Packs ot various fruits In Ore
gon for 1926 and 1927:
Apples . . . . . . . .420,357
Black raspberries 27,801
Pears . . . . ,
Rhubarb . . ,
. . .79,114
Jami. Jellies and
preserves ... 32,448
Miscellaneous . . 3,173
Totals ..3.201.403 2.508,245
Berry, and It
Originated In Our Valley
Too Many Cases of This Berry Were Canned in 1926,
i and The Industry Is Now Marking Time;
Tame anil Wild Ones .
TOPEKA, Kans., Dec. 22.
(AP) Charges that "boose par
ties" had been used by lobbyists
in effort to influence legislation
by the Kansas legislature were
made today by Clyde M. Reed,
governor-elect, in notifying state
and local officials he would expect
strict law enforcement during the
biennial Session convening next
Mr. Reed charges that eight
state senators, four railroad attor
neys, representatives of the Bell
Telephone company, and "other
public utility and corporation rep
resentatives" had attended a "big
booze party" which he said had
been held this year in one of To-
peka's principal hotels by the cor
Names of the guests and hosts
were not disclosed.
Robert C. Paulas, of the Paulas
Bros. - Packing company, Salem,
canners and brokers, answering
the reporter's question concerning
the prospects for - the evergreen
blackberry Industry, said too many
cases ot these berries were canned
in this section in 1926. The val
ley canners put up unusually
large packs, and the fish canner
ies along the coast went into the
canning of these berries. They
could buy the wild berries in Til
lamook, Clackamas and other
counties along the coast at verr
low prices, and they took a
So there was a large carry-over
from that year. There is still a
carry-over, but it is not more than
half as large as at this time last
year. Mr. Paulas thinks it will
all clean up by the next harvest,
or It any canned evergreen are left
over the supply will be small.
So, if the-pack of next year is
not too large, the season of 1930
for evergreen blackberries ought
to be good; or at least fair. For
the present, that branch of the
fruit growing industry here la
Cultivated Berries Better
In normal vara, the cultivated
evergreens are better than those
grown on the vines that come up
in the wild state all over the dis
trict. Qt WrfiaeaUty for can
But the' last two seasons there
has been little difference. They
were peculiar seasons. It Just
The reason the wild berries are
Inferior for canning. In ordinary
years, is that they shrink more.
They do not come out of the cans
in as solid a state as the cultlvat
ed berries. That Is a prime con
slderatlon in the markets. The
big bakers and other consumers
want a berry that comes out firm,
solid and not mushy.
Taking one season with anoth
er, the cultivated berries will
command a shade better
pay for. the berries from the wild
"Tame" and WUd Ones
Will it pay to plant more ever
greens and cultivate them? That
is a question no canner wants to
be quoted on for the present. New
outlets for. marketing may develop
that will make safe an answer to
this question in the affirmative.
That will be a matter In which
time will be of the "essence of
the contract," as the lawyers say.
One thing is certain, this is a
great evergreen blackberry, coun
try, for both the berries that come
from the wild vines, and from the
vines that are cultivated.
This industry was started here.
The evergreen vine is not native
here. It Just happened. It prob
ably came from seed scattered by
birds, in long flights. Some au
thorities say the start came from
Any way, it is here, and the
evergreen blackberry is one of
the great pie berries of commerce.
It has had a very fair past, and
it may conceivably have a much
The apportionment of approxi
mately $1,500,000 of federal aid
money to the road building pro
gram ot Oregon each year serves
to bring out numerous questions
relative to the amount of govern
ment owned land In the various
According to statistics compiled
by the Oregon State Motor asso
siatlon the total area of land and
water in the 48 states is 3,026,719
square miles. The total area of
land owned by the federal govern-
twice ment in the form of unappropriat-
from the canners than they willed and unreserved public land.
non-taxable Indian land, and na
tional forests, parks and monu
ments, is 612,108 square miles,
or. 20 per cen of the total area
comprising the 48 states.
The land owned by the federal
government is not distributed . ev
enly among the 48. states. .Nine
states have no federal land; In
16 states the' federal land Is less
than one per cent of , the. total
state area. In nine states the lexis
eral. land represents from one to
I percent of the total state area,
fn 14 states the federal holdings
are from 7.2 percent to 84.2 per
cent of the total state area.
Evergreen Blackberry Center
SALEM is the actual And potential evergreen blackberry
center of the world ..,.t
And this comes by fortuitous accident, as is the case
with the loganberry. Neither berry is native. The loganberry
- 1 4
came dj way oi isauiorma, wnere it was Dorn as . a cross
between a blackberry and raspberry. The evergreen' blade
Derry probably came from seeds carried by birds, or in some
other way, from England. The loganberry was developed
into a commercial fruit in the Salem district
"And the same i true of the evergreen blackberry : -now
sometimes called the Oregon blackberry, to which name'jj
is entitled and by which it should be known in all the marT
kets, in whatever form. . . , . u-
It is not likely that the cultivated evergreen will be
overdone here. It is more likely to be underdone, because
we must gain our great reputation as a fruit center on qual
.And the quality of the cultivate evergreen is in most
years far superior as a canning product to the berry gathered
from vines growing in the wild state. v
The evergreen is the great pie fruit of commerce : ana
other uses will be found for it. ' ';
The conclusion of the whole matter is that our fruit
growers should maintain and increase their plantings anp
tneir care oi their evergreen biacKDerry vines, and be patient
in their wait for the complete stabilization of this branch
of our great fruit industry. .
THIS WEEK'S SLOGAN
DID YOU KNOW that Marion county produces the
largest tonnage of the Evergreen blackberries of any
county in Oregon, that Polk sounty is next, Yamhill
county third and Linn county fourth, giving the Salem
district a large part of the Oregon acreage of this most
important crop; that there are chances for immense
development in this great pie berry industry here; that
it is an important link in diversified agriculture; that
there is profit in growing cultivated Evergreen black
berries here in the right locations and under the proper
conditions, and an empire here in extent suitable for
thir growth, and that new comers will do well to study
the importance of this berry in their schemes of production?
GIDEON STOLZ CO.
Vinegar, Soda 'Water,
Salem Phone SS Ore.
Rcp Taur Uony in Orcroa Bay
MoaaaianU Mad at Salam. Orarea
CAPITAL MOVtmEVTAX. WOftXS
J. O. Jaaaa a Ca, rraprlatora
U Kind af Hoaaaaaatel Wark
Factory aaa Offiaa:
:i0 & Caaa'L Oppsalt I. O. a V.
Canatarr, Bos Si
Phoaa 680 Bataa.. Orfa
Oregon Pulp & Paper Co
BOND LEDGER GLASSINE
Support Oregon Products
Specify "Salem Made" Paper for Your
Dates of Slogans in Oregon Statesman.
(With a few possible changes)
Loganberries, October 7; 1928.
Prunes, October 14.
Dairying, October. 21.
Flax, October 88.
Filberts, November 4.
Walnuts, November 11.
Strawberries, November 18.
Apples, Figs, , etc, Nov. 2S.
Raspberries, December 2.
Mint, December 9.
Beans, etc., December 1 6.
Blackberries, December 23.
Cherries, December 36.
Pears, January 9r 1 2 9
Gooseberries, January 13.
Corn, January 20.
Celery, January 27.
Spinach, etc., February 3. j . ,
Onions, etc., February 10.
Potatoes, etc., February 17. .
Bees. February 24.
Poultry and Pet Stock. Mar. 3.
City Beautiful, etc., March 10.
Oreat Cows, March 17. . -
Paved Highways. March 24.
Head Lettuce, March 41, :
SUos, etc., April 7.
Legumes, April 14.
Asparagus, etc., April 2 1.
Grapes, etc., April 28.
Drug Garden, "May 5.
Sugar Industry, May 12.
Water Powerr, May i.
Irrigation, May . 2 6.
Mining, June t:
Land, Irrigation, etc June f.
Floriculture, June 16.
Hops, Cabbage, etc., June 22.
Wholesaling. Jobbing. June 30.
Cucumbers, etc., July 7.
Hogs, July 14. -Goats.
Schools, July 28.
Sheep, August 4.
Seeds, August 11.
National Advertising, Aug. It.
Livestock. August 25.
Sraln A Grain Products. Sept 1
Manufacturing, Sept. 9.
Woorworklng, etc., Sept. 16.
Automotive Industries Sept. 22.
Paper Mills, Sept. 29.
- (Back copies of the Sunday
edition of The Daily Oregon
Statesman are on hand. They
are for sale at 10 cents each,
mailed to any address.
. Current topics, 6 cents.
Everything in Building
Cobbs & Mitchell
A. B. Kelsay, Manager
349 S. 12th St. Phone 818
WHAT IS IT?
THEO. M. BARR
P o a t iae
Sales and Service
High Street at Trade
YOUR NEW WHEAT
And exchange it for hard wheat
patent flour, or any of our long
list ot milling specialties. We
do custom grinding. We sup
ply what you need for what
you hare. '
cherry cm raixrxa ca.
' Salem,. Oresjojs.. v
48t Trade StT ; Phone SIS
Soft and Hard Wood
Phono 754 River Street
Between Front and Com'L.
Capitol Bargain and
105-145 Center Tel. 398
All Kinds of Junk
Bought and Sold
Anything from a Needle
to a Steam Engine
CASH PAID FOR RAGS, BOTTLES, BARRELS, OLD
PAPER, CARPET3, IRON, WOOL, PELTS, GRAPE
ROOT, CHITTAM BARK, PEPPERMINT OIL, ETC.
"Mediocrity often makes a louder noise than
Quality. Appearances are often deceitful. But,
you can't go far wrong when you beliere in a'
firm or man who enjoys Public Confidence."
says Practy Cal.
and All Building Materials
Gabriel Powder&Supply Co.
Office. Yard and Warehouse
10 North Capitol Telephone 228
Ready to Serve?
Loggers & Contracfors
PORTLAND " ; SALEM
Our fleet of trucks are at your -service.
If you want moving
or hauling work done careful
ly and quickly
Just Call XS5
WE HANDLE , , ;
FUEL and BIEOEL 13
FOR FURNACES .
Also Gas & Diamond Briquets
Warehouse 889 N. Liberty