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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 14, 1928)
THE OREGON STATESMAN; SALEM; OREGON, TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 14, 1928
IaanaS Daily Except Monday by
THE STATESMAN PUbOsUINO COMPANY
SIS tenth ComnarcUl Straat, Balam. Or.joa
The Oregon Sta tesmaMsl1!!??. .jjssjsf.
ology and criminology.
This would lead to the indeterminate sentence absolutely
indeterminate. That is a prerequisite to the reduction of
We will probably never reach that point without some
such permanent board,' the advice of which will at length
be taken, as authoritative.
Statutes and ideas eenturies old are largely wrong; but
they are not easy of correction, because of the divided and
perverse beliefs of the majority of the people, who base their
conclusions on wrong information or prejudice or ignorance,
or all three.
& J. Haatrieka V .
Irt B. JacSnarrr - . Masai
KaJpa O. Carta .... Dlty Editor
Z eV D- Carlaaa - P porta Editor
Baaalla Bmaefc . - SooUty Ed.tar
Ralpa. H. KbUlit AdTtrtUiaa Maaafar
Ltajrd E. Stifflr - - Sopario.Uaaa
W. H. Heodartoa, Circulation Maaafar
E. A. Rootaa - Uvoatock fcaitor
W. O. Coaaar - - Paaltry U1M
- . WOtMSM 07 TBB ASSOOIATBD HUI
Tba jUaariata Praaa U axdaaivaiy entitle ta Ua aaa fat paDUcatias at aU
aiaaatcaaa. craditW to it ay sot aUarwiaa craditad la tkia par aad alaa taa
toaal inri pubLaaea aeraia.
' , , BTTEIITEBS OTTZCZS;
Salactad Otagoa Hawipapara Pae-iic Co, it RavrvaecUUvaa Daty
TTT' 12?- Saearity. Bid.; San rraaeUaa, Saaraa 31s.; Lm
wi.viiaBNr oi i-oiamerca mac.
T. Clark Ct S,w York. 128 13 W,
lat St.; ChieaCa. Marooalta BIS.
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Nawt rep.23 a; lOfl
a Daaartmaat .
Xatarad at tha Poat Offiea ia Salraa. Or con, a -.. -r!a a attar.
Februarv 14. 102A
While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. And
at midnight there was a cry made. Behold, the bridegroom cometh,
so ye out to meet him. Matt. 25:5 and .
THE $3 AUTO LICENSE BILL
THE VALENTINE STATE
This is the birthday of Oregon as a state. The act of con
gress admitting Oregon into the Union was approved Feb
ruary 14, 1859
And thus Oregon became the Valentine State.
The struggles leading up to the final consummation of
statehood were remarkable. In the first territorial legis
lature, on August 20, 1849, a bill was offered "to take the
expression of the people for and against a convention to
form a state government." This bill was not passed. In
the next session, in 1850, there was a similar bill; also in
the session of 1851-2, and in the following session of 1854
the bill offered was passed, and the election was held June
5, 1854, resulting in defeat, by a negative majority of 869,
the vote being 3210 for and 4079 against statehood. The
very next year another election was held, with a negative
majority of 415, the vote being 4420 for and 4835 against
statehood. But, undaunted, the friends of statehood forced
a third election in 1856, with a diminished negative result i
249, the vote being 4186 for and 4435 against the proposi
tion. By that time the slavery question in Oregon was hot
Sentiment with regard to statehood had changed radically
The final election was held July 7, 1857, resulting in a
majority for statehood of 5938, the total vote being 7617
for and only 1679 against statehood.
In the seven years of territorial existence, the question of
statehood had been voted upon by the territorial legislature
in one form or another nine times, and by popular vote four
times, while congress had: considered Oregon statehood bills
at two sessions.
The figures of the votes above given were taken from the
files of The Statesman. Hon. Asahel Bush, the then editor
and proprietor of this newspaper, was one of the most pow
erful and most staunch and able advocates of statehood.
There followed a terrific fight in congress. The senate
had passed the bill by a vote of 35 to 17. The final scene
was enacted February 12, 1859, when the debate closed in
the house, and the vote stood 114 for and 103 against a
reflection of the bitter days leading up to the war of the
The new state of Oregon superseded the territory on the
eve of the war to take its place in national affairs.
There were wild scenes in the first state legislature, which
me September 10, 1860, in which a resolution was offered
to surrender statehood
But out of the turmoil finally came'the election of Col. E.
D. Baker, Republican, for the long term in the United States
senate, and Col. J. W. Nesmith, Douglas Democrat, for the
And instead of resigning sovereignty, or joining the se
cession movement, the state of Oregon decided to go on with
And the Valentine State has remained true to the prin
ciDles upon which our government was formed. She has
become one of the brightest stars in the galaxy of the Union
WHAT ABOUT SOCIETY?
Sobbing out a plea to the judge to suspend the sentence, a
20-year-old girl who passed a forged check on a Spokane
store is to go to the Walla Walla penitentiary to serve she
months. She was married at 15 and has a 3-year-old
What of the man in a marriage from which her legacy was
a child and forgery?
What of the little one of 3 years, whose mother, from
causes that the public doesn't know, is in the penitentiary?
Society wails and laments about that big section of hu
manity that goes wrong. With what intelligence is society
dealing with the weaklings, some of whom fall because they
never had a chance for their white alley?
Not much of anything, but applying the same old meth
ods,! including court processes and some laws based on stat
utes of centuries ago. Not much of anything but throwing
the weaklings and derelicts and hardened crooks into the
same hopper and grinding them out into the same human
Mr. Isaacson, who writes on this page today, asks: "Why
is not an automobile property ?" Automobiles are property
They were formerly subject in Oregon to the general prop
They were removed from the general property lists and
subjected to special taxation for three reasons : (1) Because
people objected vigorously to paying property taxes on them.
(2) Because large numbers of automobiles escaped property
taxation altogether. (3) Because it was decided wisely,
this writer thinks to make the automobile bear the entire
cost of Oregon's state highway system.
Automobiles can be put back on the general property rolls
and relieved of special license taxation. But if that is done,
three things will happen. They are:
(1) A very large number of cars, especially transient cars,
fll escape taxation altogether.
(2) The tax paid by automobiles will go, not exclusively
to the roads, as at present, but to the school districts, the
cities, the port districts and so on.
(3) The road program, which will no longer be supported
by automobile taxation, will have to receive support from
general property taxes.
It is proverbial that you can not get blood from a turnip.
Similarly, you cannot expect the automobile to build the
roads and also support the schools, the cities, the port dis
tricts, etc. Whatever property gains by putting automobiles
on the tax rolls it will lose by having to pay for its share
of the roads. It is as broad as it is long.
The present system is an adequate and reasonably satis-
. . . . . .. , :j
factory system. Why abandon it until alter we nave paiu
off our outstanding bond issues? After that, of course, we
can make changes as we see fit.
Salem has been singularly free from the depredations of
such crooks as the ones who robbed the BHgh theater safe,
partly because of the vigilance of our police officers. Ihe
place for such crooks is in the penitentiary; and once put
there, they should remain indeterminately. For life, unless
The OUTER GATE
By OCTAVUS ROY COHEN
CBJrTOAI. rBSSS AMI, la.
The above from the Portland Journal is, like a great deal
of the matter written about crime and criminals, merely in
line with the complaints or a common scoia
Not at all constructive.
In Oresron society is doing a little above the average in
the states of this country
, A 1 iV . muP MnVMno af 4-VlA
r or instance, we are Biuppiug me race w. wutuua at
hv sterilization, at the institution for the feeble
minded the race from which come many of the outcasts
of the "submerged tenth the people who fill our jails and
' orisons and asylums for the insane and institutions for the
feeble minded: those who are the -pauper charges of our
public funds, etc etc.
We are building at the state penitentiary, through the
operations of the revolving fund law, an Industrial Institu
: tion ; one that will teach all the men and women who come
to that institution the habits and methods of work; will
teach them trades. ' And will render the institution self
supporting, besides giving a small wage to workers, so that
the innocent victims on the outside may be helped and the
families kept together, and a high rate of reformations ac-
We have the Lewis law, much like the Baumes law of
New York, that will gradually reduce the proportionate
number of confirmed criminals at large. '
. Oh, we are not doing enough. Jd&ny more things we
;;xonasunj. pi- men and rxm.eyjasr
y'VE been seeln' this house
rever since it was built, Mr.
Borden. Never did seem like
to me folks really lived in places
like this. Hind of get a real kick
out of Tisitin one."
'You'll set used to It soon
"Gosh! Never to nothing Uke
this. But lt'a a great thing zor
Bob. here ain't it, kid?" And he
placed a big paw on Terrj'a knee.
I'm not sure." Bob smuea
shyly. "Sometimes I Uke it lor
granted and then I find I'm
wrong. I never was used to any
thing like it before."
The eyes of the two girls met.
For a second they stared leveuy.
then both smiled. Here was a
common bond which they recog
nized and welcomed. Each was
amazed that ahe understood the
other. They were surprised by the
mutuality of their attraction.
They were the two mothers of the
one man. and as the three men
immersed themselves in small
talk, the girls drew together on
The hum of deep masculine
voices came to them Borden di
recting the conversation and steer-
in it away from the shoal waters;
occasionally Tod shannon's big
laugh and Borden's small metal
lic one rang through the room.
Bob was smiling. He was proud of
Tod and Kathleen. He saw that
the girls liked each other but he
did not hear Kathleen's frank
"We really want to talk about
Bob. don't we. Miss Borden?"
Nor did he hear Lois's equally
"Of course we do."
Save for an occasional reassur
ing glance in the direction of the
three men, Lois devoted her entire
attention to Kathleen. The bond
between them had been Instant
and mutual. They were as far
apart as the poles, but there was
no difference in the straight
glances which each reserved for
the other, no difference In their
interest in Bob Terry.
There was no hint of combathre
ness. Each girl recognized the
sterling in the other and admired
It. They accepted their common
meeting ground, and each In a
second, completely altered-her pre
conceived ideas. True, they both
probed for hidden feelings, but
their frank likeness for each other
made that a difficult task.
It was Lois who voiced the first
"Don't you think Bob has Im
"Tremendously. It's the work
that has done It."
"The particular work he Is do
ing?" "No-." Kathleen shook her
head. "I can't say I think that.
It is rather in his just having
something to do -a Job to go to
every morning." !
"You're right. He hasn't been
easy to handle, i suppose you
know him better than I do tne
underlying man. that is. And If
yon do,, you eaa readily enough
visualise the way he hag brooded
around the house ai though he
were deeply hurt and afraid of
being struck again."
Kathleen smUed. "You do nn-
"But he doesn't think I do. He
thinks I am only sorry."
"I see " The girl with the
midnight hair was too human not
to be conscious of a heart lilt at
this confession. "I guess that's
why he and I have hit it off so
well together. I never was sor
ry for him but I did understand.
Of course, my work "
" In Mr. Carmodya office?"
"Yes. That g-ave me an Insight
which a non-working girl could
not possibly have. And the fact
that Uncle Todd looks on Bob al
most as a son. Yon see, they were
They looked at each other. The
smiles had been erased from their
Hps. They spoke now of tragedy,
but they did It honestly and fear
lessly. "It is difficult to restore a
man's confidence in himself 'and
the world when he has been
through what Bob has. You knew
him before. Miss Borden; wasn't
he sensitive unusually receptive
"! think so. I don't know him
very well. He was a sort of pro
tege of Dad's and I met him oc
casionally, but not often enough
to know him well. Yet I'd say
that he was sensitive; that he was
an idealist and a romanticist and
that life could etch easily and
deeply on his soul."
Kathleen shifted her glance
briefly to the deep-ly lined, oldish
young face of the man whom they
discussed. Her question came
sharply and was apparently irrele
vant: "You've never been Inside a
prison, have you, Miss Borden?"
"No-o. But I shall visit one."
Kathleen understood what she
meant. It was a final effort to
understand something of what Bob
"Even then' said Kathleen,
"you won't understand entirely.
You'll get a momentary glimpse.
and you'll be horrified. Yet youH
be pleasantly surprised, too. Pris
ons now aren't the prisons of fic
tion. They aren't pest houses:
they're clean and sanitary. What
you wUl never learn from a single
visit is the phychoiogy of the place.
That s how to understand prisons:
to have someone there that you
love then in- the middle of your
enjoyment to stop and reflect that
at that very moment this person
is gazing Into a granite-wailed
courtyard through Iron bars; that
he is a slave, a creature of a war
den's whim or a guard's ill hum
or. I went often to the prison while
Uncle Todd was there, and I'd say
that the greatest thing a man is
deprived of is the privilege of re
taliation. He must accept what
ever comes his way. ' If he has
rights, he dare not voice them.
And when I figure that all the
three years-Bob was there he was
eaten with a bitterness born of the
fact that he knew he was inno
cent I don't wonder. Miss Bor
den, that he came out with a
Lola looked ly, startled.
"Dad suggested that and I
wouldn't believe him. He said
that was the principal reason he
invited Boh to our home and of
fered him everything
of material comforts
BIRTHPLACE OF A CANDIDATE
i - -
: .aajajsaa: - - .. J - ay
X , V
Here is the birthplace of Herbert Clark Hoover, secretary of cof
Ttnerce and a candidate for the Republican presidential nominatio
'Hoover -was born in this house, at West Branch, Jju on Aui
dencies he might have absorbed.
After all, crimes seem to be com
mitted chiefly through the de
sire for money or what money
wiU buy and Dad thought "
"I understand, .Miss Borden,
and I think more of your father
than I did. I didn't believe he had
probed . as deeply .as you say he
"Dad is more human than he is
credited with being."
The girls glanced at the im
maculate, trim figure of Peter
Borden. He was leaning forward,
listening to some low-voiced story
by Todd Shannon. Apparently, he
was absorbed in what the giant
was saying; certainly he had put
Todd perfectly at ease. Kathleen
"Perhaps he is."
"You doubted it?"
"Of course. Why not be hon
est? I only knew of him through
John Carmody. and Bob Terry."
I see " Lois' eyes clouded.
And Bob hates him, doesn't he?"
Kathleen hesitated before an
swering. Then she paid the other
girl the compliment of honesty.
"I knew it. He-told me so."
Lois put her hand on the other's
arm. "Will it always be that way,
"I don't know. Perhaps I'll sur-
price you when I Bay that I don't
blame him. You see. 1 know so
much better than yon ever can
know what he has been through.
Anrf f ean niit mvaolf In Hid rtl a
to the extent of feellne what he!
nas felt. For three years be has
schooled himself to hate your
father. He hasn't thought of any
think else, because there wasn't
anything else to think about.
Perhaps now that he is working
the feeling will pass off."
"In John Carmody's office?"
"Even there. It Isn't Mr. Car
mody, you see; it's the fact of be
ing regularly employed of taking
his place in the. world again that
will make the difference. I hope."
Lois was silent for a moment.
"I want to aBk you something.
"Very well. It is this: John
Carmody hates my father. There
is a good deal you can't tell me
because you are his secretary. But
I have the idea that Bob's employ
ment by Carmody isn't entirely co
incidental that it is somehow
linked up with that man's desire to
Kathleen flushed. "I cannot
comment on that, of course."
"I didn't expect you to. Frank
ly, the Carmody thing is not im
portant in my mind only I'm so
afraid that Bob is falling into a
net. Oh! It probablv strikes von
as silly but it is my intuition and
I can't help being frightened."
Again their eyes met aud held.
They knew that they were allies
"I see Bob In the office every
day," said Kathleen. "I watch
"And." suggested Lois, softly,
"you are trying to shelter him?"
A pause. Then, "Thank
(To be Continued)
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO
(From columns of the Statesman,
Feb. 14, 1903)
Edgar Meresse will represent
Willamette in the state oratorical
After fiftv years of prohibition
Vermont has voted to try local
option in the sale of liquor.
C. F. Royal and Son got the
contract for constructing a new
bridge over Mill creek on 12th
street. The bd was $590.
Philadelphia Clarence S. Dar
row, attorney, was greeted with
applaust when he appeared here in
defense of anthracite miners.
A professor of Greek in North
western University says the only
way to elecate the stage rs to have
plays censored by a group of "rep
resentative moral citizens."
Freewater Five thousand
acres of dry lands between this
Point and Hudson Bay are to be
irrigated by an enterprise which
the newly formed Milton, Free
water and Hudson Bay Irrigation
company will finance.
Bits For Breakfast
OXE LAP AHEAD
It was speeder's day in the po
lice court. The first offender
cowed he was traveling only fif
teen miles an hour when appre
hended. Next a notorious fast
driver told the Judge he was go
ing only ten miles an hour.
"And how fast were you go
ing?" asked the judge of Tim
O'Brien, third In line.
"May it please the court." said
Tim with straight face. "I wuz
backin' up, Yer Honor."
This being the Valentine state.
which means that Oregon is the
sweetheart state of the Union.
The Better Homes week exhibi
tions and programs at the armory
are very good and creditable.
Not overlooking the cooking
school and baking contest there,
Salem.is tonight entertaining the
biggest show that has come this
way for four years the "Hit the
Deck" hallelujah company, with 68
people and two car loads of scen
Dolling Up the Freakg
"You say your sister makes up
jokes; then she's a humorist?"
"No; she works in a beauty par
lor. Boston Transcript.
"a "a V
"I vant some powder."
"No. I vill take it mit me."
Or Dress la 'Phone Booth
A dancer spun around on her
toe 38 times of all the useless
"Oh, I don't know. It would
come in handy if she ever had to
get dinner in a kitchenette."
rower of Thrift
Baldwin "Well, we've stopped
the crime wave in Edinburgh."
George V "Fine.". How did
you do it?"
Baldwin "By charging for
room and board in the jails."
That cracking sound you hear
occasionally ie not the breaking of
the ice during the January thaw.
It is only the noise made by the
fracture or a few New Year res
THE MORNING ARGUMENT
By CTlaade OalUa
"I never did like the woman
Doc Snow married, an' I wouldn't
call on her if I knowed any other
way to learn the new gossip."
(Copyrifht. 191. rabriaHara Brndicata.)
"Aunt May is rich, but she's a
widow an' she never gives any
thing but a widow's mite to char
ity." (Copyright, lift. PutHattera Syndicate t
By William It. Castle, Jr.
Assistant Secretary of State
(William Richards Castle, Jr.,
assistant secretary or state, was
born in Honolulu in 1878. He was
graduated from Harvard in 1900
In 1906 he accepted the post of
assistant dean at Harvard college
where he remained till 1913, Cas
tle was appointed director of the
bureau of communication, Ameri
can National Red Cross, in which
capacity he served from 1917 to
1919. In 1919 he became chief of
western European affairs division
of the state department and later
was appointed assistant secretary
of state by President Coolidge.) '
I believe that when the pursuit
of peace become a fad, the cause
of peace becomes a fad, the cause
many altogether good and other
wise Intelligent men and women
who believe that when once an
ideal has been written into law,
or into a treaty, it becomes an in
There are many, for example,,
who believe that if the United
States signed agreements with
other nations to outlaw war, or.
treaties guaranteeing that under
no circumstances should we go to
war, there would be no war. But
this is to ignore the realities, to
ignore human weakness, to miss
the fact that nations are not sub-,
lime moral entities, but rather
groups of fallible and passionate
human beings, or as Mr. Hoover
once admirably expressed the idea,
"national character is the sum
total of the moral fibre of indi
viduals." Permanent peace cannot be
achieved by waving a magician's
wand; It is the result of the
growth of character and of under
standing, of the gradual elimina
tion of the causes of internation
al misunderstanding, of willing
ness to let others live their own
lives as they see fit, so long as
their choice does not interfere
with the happiness of the rest of
the world, of a -consistent and un
selfish support of national rights.
Every fair-minded person knows
that the United States has not the
smallest desire to go to war with
anyone. And beyond this negative
statement every fair-minded per
son knows also that the United
States is determined to maintain
an honorable peace with aH tha
world. The department of state
exists largely for the purpose of
maintaining this honorable peace
and our efforts along this line
cannot be measured by proposals
for arbitration treaties or for
pacts to prevent war. r
Read the Classified Ads
Twenty Mile Trip By Ski
Made Possible By Tunnel
BERLIN (A P) A twenty
mile trip by skis down a mountain
side has been made possible by
the building of a shaft or tunnel
through the summit of the Zugs
pitze, Germany's highest peak.
The summit was placed within
easy reach of tourists about a year
ago," when a suspended railway
began its operations. Thousands
of visitors, for many of whom the
view over the wonders of the Ba
varian alpine landscape would oth
erwise have been impossible, were
thereby enabled to reach the peak.
Ski fans next suggested that
som way ought to be devised by
which the Plattferner, a plateau
south of the Zugspltze from where
on there is a clear way ahead for
20 miles down to Garmisch-Part-enkirchen,
be made easily acces
The suggestion was compiled
with by boring a shaft 2,300 feet
long, five feet wide and seven feet
high from the summit to the Platt
ferner. Lovers of winter sports
Our colleges have gained 25 per
cent in enrollment during the past
five years. This ought to make
for bigger and better football
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON EXECUTIVE ARRIVES
A ant a hi T4aK. dftnlT vmir
In the war r. aad Mrs. Burt Brown Barker, ahn i-HtA t Mai..a w-
so he from New York. Mr. Barkar win ui. . x
thm (amMlUan a : " tmxldnt of lha " - ..w-
TO LOSE FAT
One u starvation, one abnormal exer
cise. The other is embodied in Marmots
prescription tablets. The Mannola Way
s baaed on modern research. It has been
used for 20 years millions of boxes of
it. The results are seen in almost every
circle, in new beauty, new heahh and
A book in each box of Marmr.1
the complete formula, also the reasons
for results. Users know iust how and rh
the changes come about, and why they
are beneficial. Learn the facts. Tnr tha
scientiLc help which has done so much
lor so many, and watch what it does for
you. Start today by asking your druggaw
tor a f 1 bojrof Marmola.
can now go to the summit by
suspended railway and then walk
through the tunnel down to thu
Plattferner, which is already
known to lovers of winter sports
as the place where the annual
Whitsuntide ski contests are held.
The trip by skis from the Platt
ferner down to Garmisch-Parten
klrchen offers Incomparable
charms, both in respect of land
scape and from the purely sport
One of the Finest (Cough
Gives Immediate Relief)
From Coughing and
Sold only at
135 North Commercial SI.
. Penslar Agency
Original Yellow Front
Becke & Hendricks
189 N. High St.
FREE VOTING BALLOT
This ballot is good for 200 rotes for the candidate in
The Oregon Statesman Subscription Campaign, whose
name is written on it. Do not fold. Trim, c
VOID AFTER MARCH 10TH, 1928
ANYONp CAN VOTE FOR FRIENDS