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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 18, 1927)
IHE OREGON STATESMAN, SALEM, OREGON
SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 18. 1927 - V?-V-
Jheories Regarding Trans
fusion To Be Investi
gated By Government
By V, C. Conner
The Northwest Poultry Journal
la just la receipt ot the announce
ment of the .dates for the third
National Poultry council, which
are NoTember 10 to 12 inclusive,
at Edgewater Beach hotel Chi
cago. This is the one big import
ant annual meeting t the leading
poultrymen ot the United States
t -which the most important ques-
- - j-
Wf'tlons- bearing on av iu"jr -
dustry are discussed I, and much
good constructive work is accomp-
c This organization, the National
Poultry council, makes the follow
ing announcement. - which has
aulte a bearing -on the Oregon,
Washington and ; Idaho poultry
embargoes, andjwbuld make It ap
pear that the.eompulsorx test for
bacillary "white diarrhea in these
states is somewhat-premature, as
this test ands the whole question
of how the'dlsease Is transmitted
from one fowl to another Is still
a matter of research and investi
gation and therefore in the expe
rimental stage. The announce
. . O
dertakes poultry disease research
"projects at the request of the Na
tional Poultry council. The fed
eral development of agriculture at
Washington has Just undertaken
a most Important research project
namely, to study various questions
relating to bacillary white, diar
rhea, especially the development
of a uniform technique for the
conduct of the agglutination test.
V also a STUDY OF THE MODE
JkAif OP TRANSMISSION OF THE
ft DISEASE WITH SPECIAL AT
TENTION TO ITS fuasiuu!
DISSEMINATION THROUGH the
MEANS of INCUBATORS. As the
project develops other phases ' of
this and other diseases , will be
undertaken. The initiation of this
work has made possible through
4he raising of a fund of some $15,
000 by the National Poultry coun
cil, which amount was largely
contributed by the leading manu
facturers -of mammoth incubators.
It Is expected that the extension
and further conduct of this work
r the- - first Vearr will be fi-
cej by the federal department.
quests ,: f or ; appropriations to
t&ver ithis worfcialready have
been Included. 1lit the budget requests-
of the ; department for the
next year. - This newj work makes
a distinct step in advance for the
poultry industry, for In this pro;
Ject the'federal department is for
the. first time undertaking long
time .poultry disease research ac
tivities tor the industry along dls-'
ease lines?" - -
Should.' Halt Embargoes .' . .
It will be remembered ,tnat .up
to within a year or so age It was
generally proclaimed that Ihe bac
ilary white diarrhea gem was
transmitted from parent 'to young
poultry stock through, in fe;tIon of
the shell of the egg. Now, it Is
contended by a few poultry au
thorities that the disease I j trans
mitted through ; minute gWms in
the egg Itself, which Is disputed by
other authorities, and now the
government research committee Is
to conduct experiments , to-ascertain
if the disease is not transmit
ted through incubators during' the
batching season. At ai:y rate.
the fact Is evident that tbre is too
much divergence of opinion by
high authority on these important
questions to justify any utate to
attempt to pass and enforce any
compulsory embargo regulations
based en any particular one of the
"u; lutsonea aavancea ror tne
cause, prevention or eradication
of the bacillary white diarrhea,
and that such state regulations or
orders should very properly be
held in abeyance-n til such time
as the federal research committee
y- tim report ana .imaings.
iVBYRD VISI0NS 0CEAN
AIR LINES BY 1937
(Continued from Page One) '
shortest New York to Paris route
is not wholly-a matter ot following
the great circle. route or any other
plotted course, but taking advan
tage of favorable winds' at various
altitudes.' ; j.-.
"The flyer of I the future will
find the shortest-route to Paris at
' varying altitudes, depending upon
the local weather conditions. he
writes, "because the winds change.
both in strength and velocity, with
changes of altitude. But when the
grrat plane of the future reaches
Atlantic Ocean beyond New
fyundland. the navigator will prob 1
ably go op into, high altitudes,7
where he Is almost certain to ob-:
tain very strong 'winds with him,
owing to the revolution of the
earth, ' lie will be able to increase
his speed by as much as 40 or 50
miles an hour; almost the speed of
an express train. That Is not a
wild droam,. because we increased
our speed between 20 and 30 miles
an hour by flying' at about a two
mile altitude." . ' ,
Passengers who take air passage
to Europe In the future will not
face constant delays because ot ad
verse weather conditions, ; Com
"I ara glad now thai we had ex-
CURL SMASHES VWRLD JRECORDS
I' - : npS .'. sx
O : 'dkaLfcll--: -vcviwigfc v M ( t rr, ,. jf
; - 1 i.- . iwiniii t'iiifinni, ""
" T f I ' '
Miss Margaret Jenkins, hurling the javelin with which she set a
new world's record when she threw it 127 feet inches. Miss
Jenkins also set a new national mark for the baseball throw with 233
feet 1H inches. .
tremely adverse weather,-for I be
lieve, from what we have learned.
the airplane of the future can
shove off with almost any weather
conditions, s For, when a storm is
blowing across the Atlantic, it will
be able to fly at that side of the
storm center which will give
strong winds in Its favor.. We did
just that. We were greatly helped
by flying along the southern end
ot a storm area, and the northern
end of a high-pressure area. I
"Then when the trans-Atlantic
plane of the future strikes near
the center of a storm area, as we
did over France, there will be
radio direction- finders to enable
flyers to locate the exact position
of their lane, regardless of fog.
winds or rain, or the darkness of
the night. . iRadio beacons will be
erected to guide the aviator to his
"A chemical will be Invented
which will disperse the fog, or a
beam - of light will be discovered
that will penetrate it. Until that
time "comes, landing platforms in
mid-Atlantic are not practicable. '
Orthe problems confronting htra
at the start of his voyage Com
mander Byrd said: .
"We were anxious, to establish
certain scientific facts. We thought
that the trans-Atlantic plane of
the future must be a multi-en-gined
one that would fly with one
of the engines out of commission.
That would give the degree' of
safety necessary for taking passen
gers across the Atlantic.
"We also wanted to demonstrate
that it is possible to carry a use
ful load of 500 or 600 pounds,
three or four people, and an effi
cient radio. As a matter of fact,
the 'America' could transport eight
cr nine people 'to France In addi
tion to the useful load.' - - -'
"Olher pioneers, however, must
follow the three successful flights
Cby Lindbergh, Chamberlin- and
Byrd).' I believe that in ten years
regular trans-Atlantic' flights will
be made. :' .:
"It is possible now to build a
large plane, with twice the wing
spread of the 'America, that will
transport 15 passengers and three
or four times the useful load we
carried. . :
"The only three-engine planes
that were built to cross the Atlan
tic crashed. Davis and Woostel
with the 'Pathfinder ( American
Legion), and Fonck with1 the Sik
orsky plane met tragedy: and out
crew, with the 'America, almost
met a similar fate on the test
flight, when Floyd Bennet was in
jured.' I;.' - :V .
"When the 'America' rose again,
after repairs to the forward part.
I made up my' mind that, regard
less of the pressure being brought
to bear upon me, I would take my
time and do everything fhumanly
possible to get that plane safely off
the ground with the load neces
sary to fly 4,000 miles. ;
"A long run on the ground be
fore a- plane will take the air Is
nf.cessary when flying with heavy
loads. That is why we took such
care with Roosevelt Field and it Is
gratifying . to us that Lindbergh,
Clarence D. . Chamberlin and' the
'America, tpok of t-fxom' this field.
"Few people realize how diffi
cult" it is, with a plane like the
'America' to obtain revolutions of
the engines for the various loads
carried that will give maximum
mileage per gallon of gasoline
used, because their revolutions
vary for every different weight
carried. Of course, as the plane
consumes gasoline, there will be an
infinite number of ever-lightening
loads. To calculate this we had
to run over a course of ' known
length, noting the speed over the
ground and the fuel consumption
for each number of revolutions.
This had to be done for all the dif
ferent loadings of the plane.
"The Weather Bureau assigned
Or. James H. Kimball, of its New
York office, to make weather pre
dictions - for . the trans-Atlantic
flights and, for the first time in
history, regular weather, maps for
aviation uses. were made of. the
North Atlantic. This work, I think,
undoubtedly is the beginning of a
valuable meteorological service.
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Miss Lois - Eleanor Delander
("Miss Illinois"). 16, of Joliet
111., now is "Miss America, 1927,
having been chosen at the At
lantic City beauty pageant.
If you could see how
the dust and dirt your
v garments can absorb
" in say three months
you would ' have them
cleaned more often.
We call and deliver
We Call and Deliver
455 FERRY STREET
. Telephone 753
Read the Classified Ads
325 Court St.
fil Well As
1 Iff Demands
rSSS' if rtV
TEAR DM HOUSES
.- r : . ... . . . .
One - Hundred Housed, Will
Vanish ;to Make Room h
p for :f Universiiy v
LONDON (AP) Parliamen
tary powers are" to be sought tq
close the eight block area which
the London University ; has ac
quired in Bloomsburg. so that a
1 5.00 0.000" range of buildings may '
be erected on the, site. .
The 100 bouses which will fin
ally vanish to make room for ihe
University stand chiefly in Tor-
rfngton 'square and one side Of
Russell-Square- and Malet-street.
-A row of red-brick,," five-story
houses in Russell-square will ulti
mately go. - Once, they were fash
ionable residenees. but now . they
are offices. - ? - , -
Torrington- Square la an avenue
of hotels,' boarding-bouses, -and
private residences with two long
rows of tall trees standing in the
harrow garden which takes up
the center. .(
In that . great' area, when the
new headquarters have been fin
ished, there will be a ' Senate
House, a cremOntal ' hall, and ex
amination hall. The students un-
Many -Salem people are
When in Portland
A pleasant place
to live, in beauti
An unusually good
dining room serv-
ice and food. !
Eleventh and Main Sts. .
fif JEAN CAMPBELL
Owner and Manager
Ion lead quarters will almost cer
tainly be .there, as well as a great
Th range of buildings will "have
a character of Its own a striking
skyline of halls and towers. An
artist who can design It will soon
be sought. ,' j'X:l -'-i
4 'The University of London Is al
ready- th:e greatest university, in
the woxid.tViccordlnK to Mr. S. L,
Loney; chairman of the convoca
tion otLbndbn University. It has
10.Q60-sladents as many as Ox
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Artistic Blanks Provided
for Steamer Radio Report
. BERLIN. tAP-Tourists r on
German llnerp. to , whom; friends
or relatives send wireless congrat
ulatlons, are now handed nhese
messages . on artistic, blanks es
in fitting the
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At the head of the blanks there
U a lithograph of a Brandenbur
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Is printed In Medieval German,
"Gode Wlnt. glatte See! (favor
able breeze, smooth sea). The
design is by Carl Prlnje, a Berlin
artist.':' r' " " " ' . :;
... ' i.. ;