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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (July 22, 1927)
fcsalGm High School Enrollment for Seven Ygqpo S
II Cost Lowered
Railroads ahd thei RairroacMNeHfl
hue: L. E!ir Bean:
...... i . k . . : -
WEATHER FORECAST: Fair with fog
near the coast; temperature above normal.
.Maximum. temperature yesterday. 96; min
imum, 51: river, minus 1 foot; atmosphere,
dear; wind, north. ' .
First Sectiori Pages I to 8
Two Sections 1 2 Pages
- -c -' I ' .-.?? i i . .
EVENTY-SE SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 22, 1927 PRICE FlE CENTS
Financial Distribution and
Supervision Method Re
main to Be Solved
Burden Not Distributed Equally,
State. Superintendent Declares
in Address Over Radio
(The following address on edu
cation was delivered last evening
by C. A. Howard, state superin
tendent of schools, over radio
KEX, Portland.) "
For the last half dozen years,
the slogan of American education
has been, "An equal educational
opportunity for every child."
Though'fbis slogan is intended to
take in every child everywhere.
It has particular reference to the
rural child, for the bringing of
an effective and well organized
school within the Teach of every
rural community has been one of
the serious problems of American
The boys and girls on many
Oregon farms are in easy reach of
excellent schools, while many
others, on account of circumstan
ces which neither they nor their
parents .can control, are provided
with the most meager of educa
If Oregon is to give all her
children an equal start in life
through education, she must face
solve , two problems. One of
kse is a nroblem of finance and
other is supervision. The fi
nancial problem involves not so
much the raising of more money,
as the method of raising and dis
tributing what we how spend on
Burden Not Even.
With the exception of the small
sum, distributed by the state from
the income of the irreducible
school fund, elementary and high
school education in Oregon are
(Continued on paga 8.)
IF ROADS QUIT
PROPERTY DROPS IN VALUE,
Rail Lines Cannot Be Forced
Operate at . lxs, K E.
Oregon suffers greatly from an
economic standpoint through the
discontinuance or abandonment of
electric railway transportation, according-
to L. E. Bean, chairman
of the public service commission.
"With the discontinuance of
every mile of electric street car
and! interurban service, municipal
ities and the state government are
deprived of thousands of dollars
of revenue which cannot be re
stored by any other class of car
rier," said Mr. Bean.
"Besides the loss of taxation
the abandonment of transporta
tion affects materially the values
Reports received by tne commis
sion recently have indicated that
the discontinuance of transporta-
trie, has tended' to reduce land
values in various parts of the
.Commissioner Bean said that,
under existing laws, it ia manda
tory on the part of the commis
sion to grant railway utilities the
right to exercise lawful methods of.
operation consistent with their
constitutional right to realize a
fair return I on ; their investment.
5 commission cannot arbitrarily
roved by competent evidence
t it is not earning a fair re
turn for its owners.
Investigation by. IK commis
sion showed that privately owned
automobiles are responsible fori
the decline of the street and elec
tric railway. The reports filed
with the commission indicated;
that of a total of 2500 prospective
electric car patrons, 85 per cent j
J owned and operated 'their own
automobile. No testimony was of
fered to show ; that common car-!
rier'g of freight and passengers In
the motor vehicle class are con
sidered a competitive factor.'
Chautauqua Today and
THIS APTKRNOOX One of
America's best loved song
writers and one of the coun
try's leading authors of band
.music, come with America's
most famous platform orches
THIS EVENINO Clay Smith,
famous song hit author, and his
company of cheerful artists put
on the appealing sort of high
grade (not high brow program
that made the early-day Chau
tauqua movement a suceess. f
Here is "something different."
The greatest Indian school in
America, representing almost
every tribe in the country,
sends its crack musical organ
ization to give Chautauqua pale
faces a thrill. Nothing slow
about this. Haskell Indian
Ned Woodman, than whom
there is no more intriguing
platform cartoonist, displays
his wares and his vocabulary
devoting himself 'to home-made
poetry,- national idiosyncrasies
and things like that.
SATURDAY EVENING A
"whoop 'em up" symphonic
band program with war dances
mixed in; also some contrasts
Just to show what Uncle Sam
and his schools are doing with
the original, genuine Ameri
cans. Ned Woodman assists
again with some of his funny
isms and maybe something else
or two. Haskell Indian
AT RADIANT SUN
SEASONABLY WARM WEATH
ER SEEN AS AID TO CROPS
Government Thermometer Up to
96 Degrees; New High
Mark for Year
The day of the big fight also
was the hottest day of the year in
Salem, according to the local
weather bureau thermometer
which registered 96 degrees. This
mark is 2 degrees higher than that
of 94 established the day before.
On June 20, a mark of 91 was re
corded. Farmers generally are well
pleased at the seasonably warm
weather which is a great aid in
the uniform ripening of grains
and fruits. In previous years,
prematurely hot weather has had
an adverse affect on the crops,
especially lightening the grain
This year, however, tempera
tures all throughout Oregon have
risen gradually instead tof taking
a sudden spurt, and have been
especially conducive to crop devel
opment. Increasingly warm weather is
forecast for today.
LEGION SESSION OPENS
Legion Corp Parade Through
Streets; llerce Makes Speech
LA GRANDE. Ore., July 21.
(AP) With more than a thou
sand delegates and visitors pres
eDt, the 9th annual convention of
the Oregon American Legion open
ed here today with the blare of
trumpets and the beat of drums.
Legion corps brilliantly attired
and fualtlessly drilled paraded the
business streets of the city today,
headed fay Howard Paul Savage,
national commander of the Le
gion, who was escorted by a wild,
yelling band of Umatilla Indians,
members of Chief Peo Post, the
only all-Indian Legion organiza
tion in the United States.
Former Governor Walter M.
Pierce, Fred E. Kiddle and A. T.
Hill, president of the city com
mission, made the opening ad
dresses today. . The response was
made by Mrs. Anna Hershner, of
Hood River, state Auxiliary presi
dent. BRAMWELL DEFENDANT
Pilot Rock Bank 'Attempts to Re
' cover 815.000 in Notes
PENDLETON,. Ore., July 21.
(AP) Frank C. Bramwell, state
superintendent . of banks, was
made the defendant today in a
suit brought by former officers of
the : defunct First - National bank
of Pilot Rock la an attempt to re
cover f 15,0 00 In promissory notes
which they allege were issued to
the bank to extend its credit and
were; to have been paid for front
the bank's earnings.:'
Immediate Relief for Missis
sippi Flood Area Necessary
DISCUSSES TAX BILL
Passage of Deficiency Appropria
tion BUI Declared DeKirable;
RAPID CITY. S. D., July 21.
(AP) Senator Smoot of Utah,
one of the administration leaders,
came to the summer White House
today to renew his appeal to
President Coolldge for a special
session oT congress in the fall.
A recommendation made yes
terday by Secretary Hoover that
the federal government give Im
mediate relief in the Mississippi
flood situation makes the special
session imperative, in the opinion
of Senator Smoot.
Emergency Funds Needed
In order to give this relief and
to get government finances on a
better basis, the Utah senator be
lieved the administration would
do well to have congress meet
early and pass the deficiency ap
propriation bill which was lost In
the senate filibuster at the cIosa
of the last session. That bill
carries a large amount of funds
to meet emergency expenses of
the government and these funds,
he thinks, would be needed If Im
mediate relief was to be extend
ed to the flood area.
Tax Reduction Broached.
Senator Smoot, who is chairman
of the senate finance committee
which is preparing to take up a
tax reduction bill next session,
reiterated that the prospective
tax. slash should Te held to $300,
opO.OOd. He suggested, however.
(Continued on pair 5.)
TWO STEAMERS COLLIDE
Pacific Trader and Northland
Crash Outside Golden Gate
SAN FRANCISCO. July 21.
AP) The steamers Pacific Trad
er and Northland collided just
outside the Golden Gate in a
heavy fog late tonight, said re
ports by radio to the Federal
Telegraph company. The mes
sages said the Northland had been
deserted by her crew and was
sinking. The Pacific Trader
picked up the Northland's crew.
FIRST AND BEST
STATESMAN LEADS IN PRE
SENTING FIGHT RETURNS
Radio and Wire News Broadcast;
"Pink" Extra Sales Make
Promises made by The Oregon
Statesman to give the first and
most complete news of the Demp-sey-Sliarkey
fight, were fulfilled
with room to spare Thursday
Two reports of the fight were
received in the Statesman office
and broadcast to the crowd of sev
eral hundred that gathered on the
sidewalks and streets below.
One of these reports came over
the Associated Press leased wire
and was megaphoned - by Stanley
Lainson; the other was received
out of the ether by the big Radiola
set with power speaker, set up and
operated by representatives of the
Halik & Eoff Electric company.
cooperating with the Statesman.
Due to the fact that Graham
McNamee, WEAF announcer, had
a direct view of the fighters
while the AP report had to be
dictated to the operator, the radio
report was well ahead of the wire
report on the running story of the
fight; but the flash message that
Dempsey had won by a knockout.
(Continued on page 2.)
WARNER GETS POSITION
Umatilla Man Appointed on Live
stock anitary Board.
M. D. Warner, prominent sheen
raiser of Umatilla county, was an-
polnted Thursday by Governor
Patterson a member of the Oregon
Livestock Sanitary board. Mr.
Warner was recommended bv the
Oregon Wool Growers association.
He succeeds Jay Dobbin of Enter
AMERICA TO STAND PAT
Will Demand Right to Build Any
una or secondary Cruisers v
GENEVA. Switzerland. Julv 21.
(AP) The United States will
stand pat in her insistence on the
liberty to build any kind of sec
ondary cruisers she desires and
mount on them those . types of
guns best suited to American
naval needs, according to informa
tion available in Geneva tonight.
The British have been vigorous
ly advocating the limitation of
secondary cruisers to 6.000 tons
displacement, with a maximum
gun calibre of six inches.
This difference of opinion con
tinues to constitute the danger
problem of the tripartite naval
conference and is doubtless the
main question on which the Brit
ish cabinet will deliberate tomor
row in London.
CHEERING CROWDS INSPIRED
HIM. AVERS FIGHTER
I Won't Qnlt Till I Regain the
. YANKEE STADIUM. New York.
JUly 21. (AP) Jack Demnsev
jis tne nappiest man in the world
"I knew Fd win and I did lust
as 1 said I would." he explained
'I ra so happy. tickled.
all up in a heap at once that I
aon t know what to do."
The former champion, now as
sured of a chance to regain hi
iue irom uene Tunnev. looked
just that. His dressing room wa
a frenzy of cheering, back Ian-
pmg friends who roared eonerat
olations at him as he ahnnteri
knswers back and danced gleefully
around the room. His handlers
patted and dried him with towels
as If he were somethrner hnlw tn
'That -reception when I enter
me ring, a roar that pounded In
my ears, lifted me up and made
me fight all the harder." Demnsev
said. "I can't thaAk the fnns
enough for the glorious war thev
"Give a lot of credit to Shar.
kev." Jack added earnestly. "He's
a tough, rugged boy. a mlehtv
stiff boxer and one of the clever
est heavyweights I ever faced.
"I hit hfm a million times.
guess, but he just wouldn't go
down until I felt that final right
to tne stomach bury In his body
m the seventh. When the left
hook caught him square on the
chin I knew he was done. I didn't
have to wait for the count.
Sharkey Punched real hard
only when he was set., but he nev
er did really hurt me at any time.
Of course, he Jarred me there in
the first round and again once m
a while with single punches, hut I
don't think, I was ever In danger
of a knock out."
Jask was as fresh as if he were
just about to enter a rlne rather
than at the close of ' one of the
most terrific fights in his career.
(Continued on page 6.)
DROWNED BOY FOUND
Lad Loses Life la Shallow Water
of Willamette Slough
EUGENE. July 21.-CAP) At
the end of a day's search, the
body of Max Knowles, 12. was
found in the shallow water of a
slough near the Willamette river
here late today. The boy was
drowned Wednesday afternoon
A companion. Frank Ellis. 11.
became frightened when the
Knowles boy failed to come up
after sinking in the water, and
told no one of the incident save
another boy. Junior Lowe. five.
The Lowe boy told officers today
and the search was started.
OF U. S. FORCES
Let Nicaraaua Work Out
uvvr rroDiems" pan Amer
ican Federation Asks
Freedom In Election of Next Nlo-
araguan President Asked in
Petition; Cuban Execu
tive Greetings Tabled
WASHINGTON. July 21.
(AP) The Pan-American federa
tion of labor by rising vote today
unanimously approved a resolution
urging immediate withdrawal of
American forces in Nicaragua so
that the people of that country
"may fully and freely work out
their own problems." Action
came' upon joint motion of Mat
thew Woll Of the American fed
eration of labor. United States
delegates and Flores Cabrea of
Preceding its adoption the con
gress was diverted from routine
procedure when a controversy was
precipitated by a move to strike
from the record an expression of
good will to the meeting from
President Machado of Cuba. Ri-
cardo A. Martinez of Venezuela
sponsored the move "In view of
the oppression, murder and crimes
made a part of Machado's admin
Martinez contended that there
were strong probabilities, if the
telegram should be accepted, that
(Continued on page 4)
BLOW CRUSHES HEAD
Lumber Worker' Struck By Jam
mer; Six Children Survive
BAKER. Ore.. Julv 21. ap
nj mi . -
unsmoerg or Baker was
killed today when struck bv
jammer while loading loes on a
car belonging to the Stoddard
Lumber company. The accident
occurred in Boulder Gulch, about
17 miles south of Baker. Only
meager details of the accident
were available here tonight as no
one was present when Chambers
was killed. His head was crushed
by the blow. He is survived by his
wiaow and six children.
ESTELLE NOT SURPRISED
Dempsey's Wife Declares "Certain
Jack Would Wm Fignt."
LOS ANGELES. Cal.. Julv 21
(AP) Jack Dempsev's virtnrv
rawed to surprise his wife. Fteii
"I was certain that Jack would
win," said the actress, who, flllrJ
bed, received radio reports of the
progress of the bout between
Dempsey and Jack Sharkey v la
w xorg. .. . . .
The film' actress had taken care
to see that she was not disturbed
tonight. Her telephone was dis
connected and she saw only a few
NOT GUILTY PLEA MADE
Olmstead Appears Voluntarily Be-
rore M clary's Court
PORTLAND. July 21 fAPV
Emory Olmstead, former president
of l the Northwestern National
bank, who was Indicted jointly
yesterday with J. E. Wheeler,
northwest timber man. on charges
of conspiracy and violation of the
national banking act, appeared
voluntarily in Federal Judge Mc-
."Nary b court toaay and entered a
plea of not. guilty. '
Wheeler .notified Georse Neun-
er. United States district attorney,
the Jatter said today, that he
would appear for preliminary ar
raignment tomorrow morning: at
io o'clock. r ;
JEFFERSON MYERS ILL
Severe Sinn Infection Attack De-
. lays Commission er's Trip
PORTLAND. July 21 (AP) I
A Washington . despatch to the
Oregonlan cays' Jefferson Myers.
member of the ; jtmited States
snipping board. Is confined to his
home" with: a severe i attack of
sinus; Infection, and that his ; ill
ness may delay the trip of the
commissioner : and .. ifrs. Tjeffer-
soai to Oregon Ther wm leave
soon as the.commlssloner'a eondi
tlon la Improved, the article says.
IMR5 inrk'wnnn I
OUT, BOND $7500
THE INQUEST, PLANNED FOR
THURSDAY, MAY NOT BE
Defendant , In Manslaughter Em
ploys Heltzel, Collier
Mrs. Rutb'W. Lock wood, charg
ed with manslaughter In connec
tion with the death of Maynard
Sawyer. Salem' druggist, who was
struck and instantly killed Tues
day evening by a car said to have
been d,rlven. by Mrs- Logwood.
" icirascu iruiu iuh ciiy jail
yesterday afternoon about 3
o'clock, on the order of Circuit
Judge Percy R. Kelly, after a
bond in the amount of $7500 had
Those furnishing the bond of
Mrs. Lock wood were James R.
Linn, George Putnam, and her
three brothers, one of whom lives
in Polk county, and the other two
The coroner's inquest which was
scheduled for , yesterday did not
materialize, at the request of Dis
trict Attorney John Carson, who
had just returned from a trin to
central Oregon. Since a charge of
manslaughter has already been
fHed against Mrs. Lockwood, it is
possible that a conference of .the
officials concerned will decide that
no inquest is necessary.
Attorneys for Mrs. Lockwood
are James G. Heltzel. Salem, and
John A. Collier and E. F. Ber
nard, of Collier, Collier and Ber
nard, Portland attorneys. ,
PLAN AVIATION SCHOOL
Dick Rankin and C. J. Gran Select
Institution of an aviation school.
something entirely new for Salem,
is planned by Dick Rankin ; and
C. J. Graul, aviators who were in
the city Thursday. Definite an
nouncement will be made Satur
day on their, return after a trip to
Seattle, where they have been
operating a passenger service.
Dick Rankin is a brother of
Tex" Rankin, well known Port
land avlatbr, bur the aviation
school here will be distinct from
Both Rankin and Graul are ex
pert fliers. They have been look
ing for a location in which to start
their school for some time, and
picked Salem as the most favor
ably situated. They will bring
one other plane in addition to the
Waco ship in which they visited
Salem this week, and extra mo
tors for practice work.
MAY GET SHIPPING FIRM
Dawnlc Steamship Company May
Make Portland Headquarters
PORTLAND. Julv 21. fAPl
Possibility that the newly organ
ized pawnlc Steamship company
will have its headquarters in Port
land was seen today when K. D.
Dawson, vice president and gen
eral manager of the Columbia Pa
cific Shipping comoanv of Port.
Jand, announced that he is finan
cially interested in the Dawnic
Announcement was made Jniv
15 in New York that incorporation
papers for the comoanv. canttni.
ized at $750,000 had been fiiH m
Wilmington, Del., but no further
particulars were available at that
rrAL- AWiwiiKS APPEAR HERE
The followfrifl' fa i A ja, , v -: ' - '
f : '. T
magician, he will be unable to answer through these columns. Al-
would be acpepte&, hundreds of them' were received on the morning
uiau. .. x us iiaeBuuua ire ociog sasverea m inn uruer iui we i
received.6 but It will be, a physical Impossibility to answer them. all. ;
C. W I hare lost arlnsr I nrize rreatlv. can vou tell me mho
took it? . ;-.rs" t;.-. ;' ;
eling -bag. It slipped Into the tear In the silk lining when you put -your
jesvelry in your bag in the dressing room of the. Pullman, i
Ans, No,? there if ad treasure buried there inow. - ,
T7. J PiShould I keep the position, her or return home? "
:ln.Ynn father rllv tipaH
yon ' doing ' better financially by remaining here, t i .
FOR LAST TIME
ON LOVED if
Body of Revered Ruler Will
Lie in State at Palace
Until Sunday :
WATCH CAROL! FACTION
Troops Believed Favorable to For
mer Crown Prince Confined
in Barracks: Silence Reigns
In Bucharest j
PARIS, July 21. (AP)
That the former Crown
Prince Carol of Rumania ex.
pressed the desire to attend
his father's funeral, in a
-message to the royal family
at Bucharest, and has nee yet
received t reply, was made
known la a statement given
put in his behalf tonight by
high personage closely con
nected with him. . In this '
statement the former crown
prince Is referred to as "King
Carol of Rumania.
BUCHAREST. Rumania ' Julv
21 (AP), Peace and oniet .
uppermost virtues and alms of
King Ferdinand, the Just.' during
his life prevailed while the mor
tal remains of the beloved sov
ereign were brought down from
tne mountains of SInala to the larr
levels of Cotroceni palace today..
The body of the king will lie in
state in the winter palace until
Sunday, when it wfll.be interred
in the ancient cathedral at Carte
de Arges. The lone Hoheazollern
who stood with the allies in the
great war will be given a last sa
lute by them. ? -...... v -
Flowers Cover Bier
On the king's mausoleum will
be engraved; "I am a Rumanian,
first, laat and all the time."
FIdwers from Qneen Marie and
(Continued on 2.)
FIGURES REVEAL' 1
ENROLLMENT 1688 IN PASl
YEAR, 1192 IN 1921
Per Capita Cost Shown Higher But
On Same Baals Would be
Registration of pupils In the
Salem high school for the past
seven years has shown a steady
increase, from the figure of 1192
in 1921. to 1668 in 1927. accord
ing to the high School rennrti tnr-
thpse years filed la. the office of
the city superintendent of schools. .
,w nne tne figures show an InV .
creased cost Der nunll In i o ? t
over that of 1921; the amounts '
being $96.08 In 1921 and. $ld3.94
In 1927. this Is due to the Ineln.
slon in cost of high, school main
tenance during the past two years
of interest on the Investment rep
resented in the high school build
ings, less depreciation. Had the
cost per pupil, been figured on the -same
basis everv vear. thv .nnM
have rnn as follows: 1 92 1. $ 96-
vs-.r jazz. 193.131923. $90.18;
(Contloatd on pats 4)
la8t days making It impossible
...tu.ru, io. answer, tnem ail in the allotted
space, however, all the questions were answered in -the
exact .order In which they were received, first
.come, first served. The early Questions naturally
received the preference. Richards closes his en
gagement at the Capitol theater today, matinee and
night, with ' his big amazing show of wonders. -thrills,
girls, music and mystery, which Is the larg
est and' finest attraction of the kind ever brought
to this city and those , who have not already wit- -neased
this ' unusual show should-avail themselves
of this last opportunity. ; Richards will also be glad
to answer your Question at the theater. sIf you
aenf your questlon in early your answer should ap- "
pear below. 1 Questions from out -of town hare re
ceived the same attention as local Queries.
nn fiv lurk fnr Hm hut I son
u i ',''' " a .....'. - ' ' !