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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (July 7, 1927)
THE DAILY ST AtESMAN dedicates tW6 of itfiore pages each week in
thte interests of one of the fifty-two to a
Salem District. Letters and articles from people with vision
aire solicited. This is your page. H6lp make Salem grow.
irte --ihlr-n- ttti&itiktikm-Hkinfnt to Vnnr Wnnrierftll - City
i - r - ' - j jj ma mr m -m mm w a ma a a a w a mvaa a - m m m mw a a a a bf mm a w ar ajai a f " - - - r . -. - B-B
iiMioISM BISTTtUCT INBtJSTUlI ESS
f f I EIGHTH GQNSEGtJTfVE YEAR I - " "rv
I I ' ":" ' ' ,-,,- . ' -
Nil FHIZtb AHE AWAhDEDJDTHE
- No prizes are awarded to the school contestants this week.
The reason is that the articles submitted donot localize the
cucumber industry; they are too general, "copied from books
instead of: being secured with reference to the industry in
this district. The Slogan' editor win reserve the right to not
make awards in the future when the articles submitted show
that they are merely copied from books or bulletins. In every
case, it is possible for contestants to contribute something of
real value; something that will be both interesting and help-ful-helpful
to the city, and section and helpful to theucon
testants. Look over the, list of IsiibjectsV Take swine breed
ing, the one for next Thursday. Any breeder can tell you
somethingtthat, might hejp the industry and the country, and
at the same 'tfme.make a readable article.- Get brass tacks
facts; first hand information. Be original. Don't be afraid
to be different ; individual. Write" to the .point. The main
thing is to get useful facts" and write them. in direct, simple
language. Get the facts from those who know them; from
books, too,. But the important thing is to localize and in
dividualize. Give names. Give credit to the people you in
terview. Tell how they do it. This adds Value.
, a mm w
The Possible Average Yields Should Bring Around $225 an
Acre, According to the Author Picking Is the Chief
: Item of Expense in the Growing of Cucumbers for the
Pickle Market '
(Dated March. 1924. the fol
lowing Is a bulletin of the Ore
gon Agricultural college the title
being, "growing Cucumbers for
Pickles," and the number, Circu
lar 211.) ; ;
In. Tiew of the fact that a Bet
contract price is paid for the ton
nage .of pickles delireted, it is
important that the grower be able
to delWer as high tonnage as pos
sible to the factory. The follow
ing suggestions,. therefore, are
made in reference to important
factors, which affect the yield of
cucumbers in the field.
Soil-MJucumDers will grow on
a variety of soils," but the yield
will vary according to V the char
acters which1 each icind of soil
possesses, , Land that ia Inclined
to be .sandy and light is usually
deficient , in humus or organic
matter and dries out more quick
ly during' the dry: tnohths, with a
resulting sn6rt 1yield.' On'' the
other had, a clay loam sqil may
become more packed ' . and hard
from neaty late spring .rains or
because ot being tramped while
picking. " It may, for that reason,
be 'somewhat unfavorable. A me
dium heavy sandy loam or a clay
loam with plenty of humus in 'it
are soil types that ordinarily pro
duc the largest yields. Peat and
beaver' dam soils on account "of J.
their being, able to hold, moisture. ,
will produce large quantifies of
picaies. per acre.
Land-that. has been previously
well farmed,. or new land entirely,
are the types of soil 'best capable
of delivering good yields. Cucumr
bers are ' gross feeders and will
prove to 'be a losing "proposition
on any land thai Is showing symp
toms of being worn out; m
The moisture noidlng capacity
of soil for cucumbers is one of
the factors hat determines wheth
er the crop will be short or other
wiser duringf j the ) dry1 months!
Strong growing vines are neces
sary2 for big yields and continuous
production.- r- f -. "
Httlng the Sort Any solt in
tended . for- cucumbers should be
plowed early and kept well work
ed up until planting time'. This
is necessary In order to kill the
weeds, conserve moisture, to keep
the BOIlpose and prevent Jack
ing, and j to make plant food in
the soil, and a fertiliier applied
more ' rtailily arraihible- fdr the"
ose of thV plant.1 " A' finer x and
richer" "seedbed is also thus ob
tafned. The land should be thor
oughly ported down' jttntif i( iq
as near as possible similar to an
ash,:pile,vSo there may , be "quick
gef mination , of the, seed and the
moisture beii held well during the
dry .months ' f; '
i'ertiUxers No fertiliser gives
better resullaf6r"cucSinibei'sl thai
well . rotted stable manured If
broadcast and plowed under, oV If
the manure Is fine and short it
can be utilized to- better advantage
"! bjr being thoroughly disked Hflj
It manure Is' scarce il . jrnth&i
to bemused by applying a fork foil,
toeacb. hill.' In some.'casesj the
manure Is distributed, in a furrow,'
whiCfh.Ja, plowed put -every ilye -or
si feet, but this Is: ordinarily not
so common" a method"- as the
FOR PICKLES: ,
IETIN OF THE COLLEGE
broadcasting or the application of
manure to each hill. 't
Commercial fertilizers may of
ten be profitably used, either mix
ed together by the grower or
bought already mixed in the form
of the complete fertilizer, averag-!
ing 3 to 4 per cent nitrogen, 8 per
cent prosphoric r acid.' and 10 per
cent potash. Such a formula
would, require an application of
about 100 pounds of nitrate of
soda, '200 pounds of blood meal or
dried blood, 300 pounds of super
phosphate or bone meal, and 200
to 250 pounds of potash, either
muriate or sulphate. Of this mix
ture 500 or 700 pounds could be
used per acre, broadcasted over
the cucumber area in late March
or early April and lightly harrow
ed in. If the grower does not de
sire to home mix these materials
he can purchase a complete fertil
izer made up of similar simple
fertilizers in a somewhat like pro
portion. A most successful grower of
pickles who has raised a very
large yield per acre, manures well
and before planting applies 500
pounds of good fertilizer per acre,
works it in well, and levels the
Varieties Chicago pickling is
mosly used, also Boston pickling
and Snow's perfection. Seed is
usually supplied by the company.
About 3 pounds of seed arc used
! Seeding There are 2 defintc
ras of ' seeding.' FJrst, drilling
the seed Tn rows 5 feet apart; and
second, planting the seed in hills
3 feet apart in rows placed 5 feet
apart. There are several advan
tages in the drill method. FJrst
there is less labor in seeding; sec
ond, the plants are better distrib
uted: third, there is chance of a
better and more even stand;
fourth, more moisture is available
for the1 individual 'plant during the
dry season f fifth, the rows are
narrower for cultivation, and
again there If. more room between
"theindivfduai plant for" hoeing,
rather than when they are stand
injg. close togetshejr'in the hills.
' Growers use both methods, with
a stronger tendency toward the
drill method. One grower, who ha
raised I! very large amount of pick,
les per acre sows his seed with a
seed drill, using about 3 H pounds
acre; having the ground fur
TiiWed1 out evf ry three and a? half
feet. After these ' furrows are
worked well 'with fine toothed
cultivator thtt seeder sown. , As
soon as' convenient, !the 7 young
plants are cuftivaf ed, 6 "that the
furrows are, filled "up. thereby
rtiaking the cucumber plants deep
ly roo'tett:'" This would be a' very
desirable -method of seeding where
there might' W a tendency" for the
soil to "dry out considerably dur
fugtnetsummeY"0ra'eT ; v
"i 'Dnstlng PlantB j for InsetSi-r;
The striped cucetnljer beetle j is
active on thefyoung1 plants- soon,
attei Hhey sliraw Upwell follow
ing germinstloi. . Experiments In
cohtrdllf ng' this Beetle show that
nlcoifne milphate -dust Is effective,
especially when put on early iln
the day while the air la still, by
means ot cheesecloth ackior-
Dates of Slogans in Daily Statesman
(Also In Weekly Statesman)
- . . , -
(With a few possible changes) Drue Garden. May 5.
Loganberries, October 7, 1926
Prunes, October 14
Dairying. October 21
Flax, October 28
Filberts, November 4
Walnuts. November 11
Strawberries, November 18
Apples, November 25
Raspberries, December 2
Mint, December - 9
Beans, Etc., December 16
Blackberries, December 23
Cherries. December 30
Pears, January 6, 1927
Gooseberries, January 13
Corn, January 20
Celery, . January 27
Spinach, Etc.,. February 3
Onions. Etc., February 10
Potatoes, Etc. February 17
Bees. February 21
Poultry and Pet Stock; Mar. 3"
uity tseau.iuui. Kcc., raarcn iu
Great Cows, March 17,
Payed, Hlg ways, March 24
Head Lettuce, March 31
Silos, Etc., April 7
Legumes, April 14
Asparagus, Etc.. April 21
Grapes, Etc., April 28
THIS WEEK'S SLOGAN
DID YOU KNOW Thai Salem has became the headquar
ters and market center for a great cucumber industry;
(hat more cucumbers ought to be raised under glass here,
for the local and outside markets; that an increasing
acreage is being devoted to the field cultivation of cu
cumbers for pickles; that our pickling works hereabouts
wilfgrow in size; with additional salting stations at var
ious points; that there is money in the raising of cucum
bers here, either under glass Or in the open; that, in fact,
(his is the 'best cucumber country on earth, and only
awaits thVright men with the right methods to push it
further to the front in this field?
a small bellows hand duster. It
may be necessary to repat .this
dust two or three times, according
to weather conditions prevailing.
It Is especially desirable to put
this dust on the young plants noon
after they are through the ground
It is not advisable to thin ail of
the pjants in the row at one time.
Another harmful Insect is the
12-spotted bean weevil, which can
also be controlled by using the
same dust as above mentioned, or
there may be an addition to the
nicotine sulphate or some, arsen
ate of lead powder, so that ihe
grower would be in a position to
use a combined (Lust, which is. on
the market ready for application.
Thinning ' Plants if the drill
method of seeding, has been urc-f
it is advisable tq thin the plants
to a distance pf abput 12inches
apart in the . ro'w- If the. hill
method of seedinghas been used
there would usually be about 3
plants leftKjo each hill, placed us
far .?part as, possible, o that at h
plant may have as much moisture
as it is possible to get, and ai-o
fo that the plant 8 can be hoed in
belwteri. '''' '2
Harvesting Picking is the
chief Item of expense. Vinea
niust be picked clean In order to
prevent formation of large un
marketable cucumbers. The 'high
est p.rice' ia paid for the smallest
cucumbers, so a constant regular,
picking is necessary. The area
can conveniently be divided into
two or more parts,"1 one 'of which
is harvested each day. 1
Yiplris Thrsfl va'fv arrnrdinir
a. i i K "
tp jnoiviauai tarms ana aurerent
soil's. An analysis' of farms pro
ducing picklea Bhows that an av
erage of 10 Jiest growers in a dis
tflct was 7 tons per acre, the var
iation being between 5 and 10
tons. Of these yields there is or
flinarily about orie-thifd of each
grade, with a slightly , , smaller
4mW of No. 3 grades, and the
others when ihe fields are proper
ly picked. The average of 7 tons
woud be . divided, m somewhat as
follows: C ' v
j'No. 1. r &.m Mhree-dualfters
.tons: No. 2, 2 tons: No. 3, 2
tons. From such' yields 'as above
mentioned there would be an in,
come of about f 2?5 per acre.
j Success in growing pickles may
Hunt Brothers Packing
" .Company ;
y I .Canned. Fruits. and
. Main Ofrica:
I ;. jpine ' Street.' 8an: Francisco
''V'- : -Canneclea,,-
CAllfornla-j-Hayward. San Jose,
. j Los Gatoaw Exeter . -'
Oregon- -Salem, McMInnviUe;
j""." - "lbanyv U s .
Washington Puyallap, Sumner
Sugar Industry. May 12.
Water Powers, May 19.
Irrigation, May 26.
Mining, Jane 2.
Land, Irrigation, etc., June 9.
Floriculture, June 16.
Hops. Cabbage, etc, June 23.
Wholesaling, Jobbing, June 30.
Cucumbers, etc., July 7.
Hogs, July 14.
Goats, July 21.
Schools, July 28.
Sheep, August 4.
Seeds, August 11.
National Advertising, Aug. 18.
Livestock, August 25.
Grain & Grain Products, Sept. 1
Manufacturing, Sept. 8.
Automotive Industries, Sept. 15
Woodworking, etc., Sept. 22.
Paper Mills, Sept. 29.
, (Back copies of the Thurs
day edition of The Dally Ore
gon Statesman are on hand,
rhey are for Bale at 10 cents
sach, mailed to any address.
Current copies 5 cents.
pe summarized as follows:
1. Soil well fertilized and thor
2. Strong vigorously growing
vines necessary, made possible by
ample fertilization and good
moisture holding capacity of the
3. Control of injurious beetles.
4. Clean picking to prevent
f .formation of large cucumbers.
Publications, dealing with the
Control of Garden Insects: Exten
sion Bulletin 325, Insects Affect
ing Garden and Truck Crops; U.
S. D. A. Farmers Bulletin 1282.
The Use of Nicotine Dusts in Con
trol, of Garden Insects.
. Publications relative to vegeta
ble, gardening In general: The
Market Growers Journal, Lewis
ville. Kentucky; . National Vege
JLable Growers Paper.
Qron Packing Company
; Ms Salting- Plants at
' Woodburn and Albany
: Salem is the. center of a large
cucumber industry. The Oregon
Packing company, from its head
quarters in Salem, "operates two
salting and pickle plants, at Wood
burn and Albany, and did up to
jthls year operate a similar plant
)n Salemi In the 13th street build
ing of that company. The Salem
plant will not be operated this
year, because tie room it occupied
(Continued n paf e 8J
C. J. JBUGH & CO.
i Canning- Machinery ;
- Graders Trucks, Etc
RAO S. 21st SW Salem, Oregon
O d-Ic I a A3
P o ii.t i a c
f 5ares and Sefrlce
High Street at Trade
SALEM CEfJTER I1F
THE CUKE llOSTRy
PRODUCING GRAI AT A
IS PROBLEM THAT INTERESTS MANY
Ivan Stewart Gives the Experience and Investigations of
Fred De Vries, Prominent Howell Prairie Farmer, Who
Grows Wheat With the Aid of a Tractor and Will Har
vest and Thresh His Grain With a Combine
Fred DeVries has been operat
ing a 180-acre farm at Pratum. on
the south end of Howell Prairie,
for 24 years. He raises wheat and
oats, corn and potatoes, and his
type of farming is typical of the
general farming practice which is
carried on throughout Howell
Since 1920, which marks the
change in agricultural conditions,
Mr. DeVries has been doing some
serious thinking, because he has
been confronted by the fact that
there is not much profit in gen
eral farming. In analyzing his
situation he became convinced that
personally he could not do much
toward Increasing the selling price
of wheat, oats and potatoes, and
neither could he do much toward
reducing the taxes on his land.
These were beyond his control,
and he figured that as far as he
personally was conrorned th
whole question was "could Jn
produce grain more economically."
He began to think in terms of
economical production because he
could see that in the fierce om pe
tition of business life of the cities
the concern that produced most
economically survived. He noted
in the various papers and maga
zines that during the past few-
years industry had reduced its
costs much faster than agriculture.
On every hand he read about au
tomatic machines in factories that
have made it possible for one man
to do the work formerly done by
25 or 30 men, of larger locomo
tives that have made it possible
for th-i same train crews to band
several times the number of cars
they could move 10 years ago.
lowering Fxrining C'ohI.s
While he was reading, all this
about the increased efficiency in
industry it began to dawn upon
him that there was no( likely
change or improvement in his
farming methods. It seemed to
him that, theoretically, the pur
chase of 'x tractor in order to
speed up his work and to'proiluce
cneaply ought to be a step in the
right direction. Based upon this
theory he did buy a tract6r, and
he found that one of his boys op
erating the tractor could do more
work than two 6f them were do
ing before, when each drove a
four horse team, and besides there
was the . factor of haying lielt
power to do such work as wood
tutting, feed grinding, etc.
Reduced ll'y One-Hair
Mr. DeVries found that the
tractor reduced the cost of putting
in the cYops by one-half, but there
still remained the old fashioned
method of harvesting which year
In and year out for 20 yars had
not changed a particle binding,
nhock.Ing, hauling bundles, and
Ithen the threshing Itself, which
meant teams to feed and from 12
GIDEON STOLZ CO.
Vinegar, Soda Water,
Salem Phone 20 Ore.
Kp Tent Hooey In Oregoa .Bay
MonuMnt at Blm, - Oragan.
OAPTTAX, MOirrjMEBTAI, WOKKS
J. O. JNW Jt C, -Prop tutors
All Kinds of Montunsoui Work
s Tsctery ana Offlca:
32X0 S. Court, Opportt X. O. O. T.
.OoNtaqr, Box 81-a
Pfcoti St. - SAZJS1C, omEoojr,
.DIXIE HEALTH BREAD
j-t ; i "
. u t Ask Your Grocer
to 2Q men to cook for. Theoreti
cally Mr. DeVries could not figure
out in his mind that it would be
a good plan to buy a threshing
machine, ag was the case with the
tractor, because it was not an im
provement over" the old methods
It did not answer the question of
producing more economically, and
hunting for an answer to this
question he began to study the
small combine harvester, which
has been so widely advertised in
all farm papers and magazines for
the past year. He read of the
experiments and studies whi(ch
have been carried on by the ag
ricultural colleges of several states
in the middle west to determine
whether the combine Is practical,
and in every instance the results
of these tests and studies were ex
tremely favorable for the com
The oibiii Harvester
The Indiana report, which was
a typical one showed that the
combine' required 2:03 hours of
man iaoor per arre irom sianuing
grain to the bin, wUile the binder
separator method required 5:08
hours of man labor. The loss of
grain With the Combine was 4:16
per cent as compared to 6:62 per
cent with the binder-separator.
Reduced to dollars and cents there
was a credit of 7 cents per bushel
in favor of the combine.
Mr. DeVries had heard indirect
ly that there were a large number
of combines sold in the middle
west during the past two years.
A short time ago his nephew wrote
him that the implement dealers
in a small town where he was liv
ing in western Kansas had sold
105 combines since last year. This
personal confirmation of the large
number of sales In the grain belt
of Kansas was very Interesting
because it meant the machine sure
ly must have merit in order to
warrant so many sales.
Saving On Wheat
Encouraged by. the reports that
he read in the papers and maga
zines as well by the letter from
his nephew Mr. DeVries began to
study the results obtained by some
of the McGormlck-Deering com
bines in use in Marion and Polk
counties. He found that they
were saving on the average of at
least one and one-half bushels of
wheat to the acre and ho figured
this to be worth at least $2 per
acre. mere was a saving ot u
cents on . twine, and he figuring
the scattering of straw worth $1
per acre, making a saving of
$3.50 per acre, which was Just
about what It would cost to har
vest an acre of grain. In other
DONE WITH A GUN
lVf. B. Sanderson
il44 North Cottage
w; VV. UOSEBtlATJGII j
r Manufacturen of
,Warm ."Air Furnaces. Fruit
Drying Stoves,. Smoke Stacks,
Tanks,-- Steel . and - Foundry
Work, Welding, a Specialty. .
17th And. Oak.Bta.,.SaJem..Ore.
F. G. LXJTZ NURSERY
We ' plan 'and plant (free ot
charge, for 'homes, large or
small, all kinds of ornamental
shrubs, perennials and jrockery
plants. Landscape work. :
1800 Rfaket &L "pgone iQO&ft
;,At Tour Crocer'a,.,'
words, he found that this farmers
with the small combines were sav
ing as much on each acre over the
old method as It was costing to
harvest an acre' by the old meth
od, to say nothing about the worry
of hired labor.; and particularly oi
the inconvenience and expensepf
. -. j
feeding the threshing crew, uu
the teams used for hauling bun
He Ilought a Combine
The question of how the straw
would affect the young clover
which is seeded with the .wheat
was gone into thoroughly by Mr.
DeVries. He ascertained tq his
own satisfaction that the-straw
ran be scattered evenly and the
combine onerators in Polk county
informed him that the thinly scat-.
tered straw was very beneficial to
the clover and in no way. had they
found it to be detrimental,4 With'
the point cleared up there was no
longer any doubt in his mind, and
he therefore placed an order for a
No. 8 McCormick-Deering com
bine which - was delivered- at. the
HE GUCUMBEn CROP A PAYING firm
It Is a Cheap Crop to Grow in th& Scio Sectiorv-f-The Small
Sizes Are the Ones That Bring the Higher Prices Mr.
Crenshaw Says It May Clear $300 to $500 an Acre
From the standpoint of con
sumption, the cucumber is rela
tively a cheap crop to grow in this
section of the country. It is
planted about May 10 and needs
.little attention until harvest time.
which is from July 15 to the mid
dle of September.
In order to achieve the best re
sults, one should pick his cucum
bers every two days so as to keep
d,own the larger grades. The
grades of cucumbers marketed
under 2 inches
2 to 3 Inches
3 to 5 inches
inches and over
1 is sold for $60 per ton
2 is sold for $40 per ton
3 is sold for $20 per ton
4 is sold for $15 per ton
If the crop is kept picked close.
it will avoid most of the grades 3
and 4, making your crop mostly
No. 1 and 2 grades at - $60 and
$40 per ton.
It requires one pound bf seed
per acre, at $1.50 per pound. The
seeds are planted in hills four feet
apart with three seeds in a hill.
'As the vines are trained along in
rows, becoming more easy to pick.
The production of the cucumber
crop is a paying and Interesting
A Superior Breakfast Food
A trial Will Convince You I
Whe - Ta - Lon
M. A. IlUTIjErt, Manager
BOND - LEDGER GLASSING .'
i t Suppori'Orcscn Produ'cU
Bpeclry "ksAttlUzJ thzct for Yoi$ '
. . . . r- OttlU
xi.W HU . machine
will be tl first Jn (operation, in.
the Pratum neighborhood. It wilt
. ..t.l Utn that
be the pioneer
great grain growing 'section, but
.r. rarefullv investigated by-
Mr DeVries and he is'so, thorough-
... a a. . - V.
ly convinced! .or Its menj. iui
purchase to him is but a matter of
fact business transaciiuu, wvauon
along with the 'tractor it answers
the question that he can produce
grain more economically., i.
. IVAN STEWART.
July 6, 1927. t
(Mr Stewart is in charge of the
information department of the
Chas..R. Archerd Implement.com
pany. He Is constantly In the
field, studying larm problems and .
conditions in this district, except
ing , onSaturdayi, . when he" re
mains in Salem to meet the farm.
who call. He performs the
services of ,: high class county
agent,: but. at . no charge to .the
counties.-T-Ed.), . .. .
t- t ... i
crop to handle. It may clear from
$300 to $500 per acre. for the pro
ducer. , -
S. P. CRENSHAW.
July 5, 1927.
Few Ounces of Stamps
Worai Many Millions
PARIS ( APK Probably tne
most valuable collection ot.stamps
ever gathered, was the recent ex-,
position at Strasbourg- during tbe
Philatelic, congress. . T h e f e.w
ounces of old paper were valued,
at 100.000.MO francs.,..
'A commemorative. Issue of flv'
and ten-franc stamps, limited. . to
50,000, was printed by the French
government . in connection with
the congress . vl . ( '
Try a Classified Want Ad
4 -X.B. DCTSKOOB. j
Salem -Wicker FarnltnrV
W 8H Direct 4
0sum Battan B- Jaltty
Bpalrlag, BaftnialliDC TplioIstarliic
221S SUU 8U, BmXat, OrtM .
Chiropractic ' A d j li s t
' merits will break up a
fever almost immedi&te
iy. You should therefore
consult a Chiropractor
immediately if fever
symptoms are manifest.
Remember the Neurocal
ometer; locates nerve
Adjustments r e rn o ye
nerve' pressure. . j s
By 'Appointment Only
25 North Ithjh Street
Phone 87 or 1471-tl
Manufacturers- of ... t- r
" ' , -