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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (April 28, 1927)
UI,.LUI-UII-'p..LjUILUtmU.l IL,,II1LLLI f ?t.a;l
rrof; Schuster Tells of the Varietiea,That Are thi Best Ja
- urov.unosruuriuonciiions ana uivesjn neuuiu
ic nave iy ucjjcwu iiivdu; wu .iiuwuMM.
vBrarkefsTjil ye Develop juice Factories The Best
Lccaiions icr commercial viiibyoius
growth'that appears oattne, leaves"
and - trait- fa -'the formsof av par
r Blacr ; rot atiacKs ine - leaves
andV ithiri Hthe trait.; It causes
Cdltor Statesman?. t
j drape growing la, the state of J
Oregon Is limited In' extent, and
adoubtedly, will" continue '"-so - on
commercial basis. Other "parts
t the United States better adapt-
d tograpoprodoctioaoa. l a
targr scale, bare. long, been: la the
Industry and-hare been , rapidly
increasing their" plantings' of late.
vThe, Willamette r tiler, grape
growings will necessarily be ' eon
fined In the -majo , part . to V- the
American grapes. California
grows the European" grapes', and
with that 4a-flew- there-is aa op-
and a few others, are succesarui.
but only in the most f arored
places. : ; v,
; l)ept Loose, Warm Soil
Grapes for their best. develop
ment and for' good yields need a
deep, loose, wand soIL Maximum
fertility Is 1 not necessary, as
grapes do better. on ;a soil of av
erage fertility. Then fact that the
Ideal soil Is not available for a
few vines in a home planting need
not deter one from planting the
grape. If the soil is not too bad
ly waterlogged dnrlng the5wlnter,
grapes will usually 'live- long and
port unity for American grapes ap 1 producer a considerable amount ot
them to turn back' or curb
"wither 1 and die.
The Jaest way to get rid-of these
enemieto is J to i spray tfiorpughly
with a 3ordeaua mixture. " " -;
The Salem district' can i, grow
grapes because it has the required
soil, and climate.: ; So why don't
Salem become a . grape -center? " ;
- v Raymvond Claggett.
Salemf, Or., April 35. 1S27. Age
16, ;rade 8; Keizer school.; .
The Steward of the OregpaState Hospital Asylum forthe
InsaheX Kindiy.Gives the Methods of Starting, Pruning
hirst Tear ana rrunrog on bearing -vmesi ana uuier
Practices That Give the. Best Results in the.Yillamette
mm -mmmmm, m) .
tnaay people - born la the eastern
part eti the. TJnlted"TStates prefer
the American grape to- the Euro
pean type ofrape.:r.' ;,.-'V'-A'
' ;A few districts outside of the
Willamette valley are growing the
Caropeaa grape, but these , are
grown 1 only "la . small quantities',
and for close by markets. To at-
tempt:, t dispose ;pf . grapes' in dis
1 tant v markets will probably ,,pe
i disastrous, s, Where Oregoa(rowr
1 r WIT IVK3iliy UU TU1U VTT
; Ingfreight. there Is a possibility
for small acreages, but It does not
take a, large tonnage to overstock
i he-locr"markefe, .---
With; the ibeavy production ' In
; California-, -H Willamettfr -Talley
planting mnst--hodesIgned " to
supply adjacent markets. With the
Americas grape thefe is the poa
aiblUty ot disposing .ot certain
I ; quaotitiee . against the . European
! ' grape if wU packed . and prepar
a cd f or market. This acreage will
j j undoubtedly . be- limited. ,j s i ', ".-.
J nice lactones. -omiDie
frnit' For commercial .planting
well drained soils . with all the
accompanying, requirements - mnst
be met for, profitable yields.-
Frost Worst drawback
One of the.' worst! drawbacks of
grape growing Is; frost. For: com
mercial plantings , this means lo
cating in a ; frost free location,
which Is usually: on a slope at
some ' elevation -above'' the sur
rounding territory.: .The sides of
buildings or .similar protected
places will aid in the protection
of , grapes around the home. '
One use that grapes are put to
rrisome parts of the country, . and
not much observed in Oregon, is
for shade, on trellises. The Amer
ican grapes are especially ' adapt
ed, for this purpose. -Their habit
of -growth "is such that they can
be, readily trained in any fashion.
Their comparative freedom from
insects and diseases makes them
especially desirable jn : Ihis way.
The European grapes do not read
ily bend" themselves for this pur-
Editor Statesman: v - . ; - ? V
. A grape grower should remem
ber that -after the- vine is estab
lished, as -much wood must be cut,
out each year as grows during the
season. It' this is ";not done the
vine, will mot produce the best.
quality of fruit and will oyer bear
and weakea-itselfiT -- ' - -
Grapes are produced on the new
shoots of the current season. Two
systems of pruning are used by
commercial growerB- la the first
a strong central trunk is allowed
to remain, reaching the top 'of the
trellis, , and' lateral arms - are . de-
The purpose of this article is to
give a general view of grape 'cul
ture. A number of varieties do
well in the 'valley, and the 'kind
of' grapes grown -can be governed
by personal requirements.1 Among
the blue varieties are Campbell's
Early, ''Early Moore, Concord.
White, varieties are Sweet Water,
Niagara." ' Red varieties are "Ver
dun and Delaware.
' How to Start
t Grapes are started by cuttings,
it being an easy and ready means
of getting the young plants . The
cuttings should be made soon af
ter the vines become ; dormant in
the fall.. These should contain
about tour buds, cut from yOUHgr.
well matured wood. On. the lower
or butt end make a slanting cut
close to the bud and on the upper
or ' top ' end leave about an inch
ot wood, above the hub. The cut
tings should -be tied In small bun
vejoped-from this along the wires 'J,,!":! H VJTrw
X.- .v- dies With the. butt, ends together,
tem.'three- canes are allowed' to
grow from a short trunk: near the
ground. One ' of - these is 1 run
8traight5.to the. top, wire and; the
other two are trained at an angle
of1. 45 degrees on. each side. - ,
Whichever system is adopted,
the essential thing is to prune
back: In the early spring almost
to the permanent stem or trunk.
Later, if too many fruit buds de
velop on the current season canes
thinning should be resorted to so
that the vine will not exhaust it
selL.r iPrunine is more essential
with the grape than with ; other
fruit. - . '
and place them in soil -with the
butt ends up, and covei lthem
ofer with 3 to 6 Inches of dirt;
Handled In ( this way the butt
ends, from which the-roots will
be produced, form a callous,, while
the top portion' Is kept In a dor
mant condition.'. When the ' cut
tings are set out In the spring,
the calloused end is ready to' pro
duce strong, roots- at once, before
the buds develop sufficiently to
take op the sap and plant food
stored in . the cutting. In the
spring put the cuttings in a nurs
ery row or in good soil and where
they can : be kept well cultivated
and. Irrigated if possible during
spurs," for. the purpose of getting
new canes . for : the next season's
fruiting" Wood. The ca$es left
should be carried along the vines
and secured to them by tying -with
string, precaution being taken not
to "tie too tightly,-so 'as ito "check
the flow of .sap, ast the cane en
larges with growth.' j ;
. Don't Remove Foliage
In : this valley, the vines can be
pruned any time during j the dor
mant season.' Where possible the
pruning; should not be done later
than the middle of .the following
fliarcu: Aiwni mat lime me- so
called "bleeding"1 of the jvinestoc
curs ; at all cut surfaces; and.
.while' this is 'not serious.l It is not
a ; good plan, to prune when the
sap- runs 'from the cuts. However,
If the vines have not been pruned
at the proper tlme and jibe. buds
have started to- swell, it is better
to do it then than not at' all
The removal of foliage from
the growing "vines is not to be
recommended, v Grapes ripen best
where ' the fruit . is t in ; the" shade..
Thinning of the fruit' Is' a good
practice, f or f with any system of
pruning and training, a vine often
produces more fruit thin it can.
mature .-"properUv Thei - thinest
bunches . can be removed as soon
as the berries are well farmed, re
sulting in a decided' improvement
in the remaining fruit, especially
as to size and appearance of the
remaining bunches. - I
. ?ot Much Ianure
Grapes do not r require - much
manure. A good rule to, follow in
this 'respect is" never jto; apply
manure as long , as the ivinea are
making a satisfactory growth. A
; ?ulie-factbry would .dse larg-f pose, and5 in many seasons . must 6alenit Qr ; Rt, 9, Box 123. Lake H?e The -fpllowlng .prfnfe I growth- thai la firm, well matured
er tOBnaeestrluti the- nearest one
iat tbe preea' time is in eastern
. Washington. ; aad that apparently
j baa about- all - the-1 material that
j It .seeds, j-t f"..-.v-T - f'-'.- -".. i
i Grapes as a fruit, ia the home
! garden have never received prop-
" er attention, In Oregon. This may
be due U the fact that "too many
I people- at1 first attempted to grew
I the rape that was. the standard
01 tne eastern unitea states, i ne
1 Concord, grown extensively la the
i east,. Is . a fairly late , grape, and
I too t tea fails to mature in our
cool "climate Another discourag-
lag tendency has been to pick the
- grapes as soon as the' berries turn
f dark. iTbeqaalltr of the fruit ia
j not ; fully; developed- until some
time-aftertthe berries have turn
ied dark With; the Concord, com
jlng late in the fall, the flavor de
; relops so slowly ' ia i the . cool
weather, that leaving them on the
; vtae-often has resulted in the
loss of the crop."- ' ' - ' ."-
CaaspbelTs Early Best
be sprayed or dusted for mildew
Full general cultural directions
will -be found, in. Station, Circular
No. 43 on Grape Growing in Ore
gon. This 4s free- to anyone who
requests this publication,- from
the college, at Corvallis.' :. ' '- - -
tvt j c E. . SCHUSTER.
Corvallis, Or., April 27, 1927.
' (Prof. Schuster is associate
professor of. pomology of the' Ore-,
goh iAgricultureal college,; aad;he
Is , the highest authority In , this
field. He is the author of - Sta
tion cfrenlarl3.''o7 the Oregon
Agricultural college " experiment
station on J "Grape Growing in
Oregon," which contains illustra
tions on' training and " pruning
American grapes. Ed.) .
Labish, Hazel , Green school.
Grade 5th. Age 11 years. '
GRAPE VINE LASTS
Editor Statesman: , s
Grapes may-be -grown' most any
where; it does "not require a spe
cial ' climate or soil, If the soil be
well drained and -cultivated. They
are the surest crop of any ot our
fruits. Gravelly loam with a good
proportion of clay will give the
best yields.' The vines need a
warm exposure to the sua. They
may be propagated , from seed,
they should be set out in the per
manent J location. The- planting
should be made oa well drained
sou, wnere they will get sun-
shine and good air drainage
The planting distance depends
upon the variety, soil conditions
and method of pruning. The
strong growing varieties can be
set 10 by 10 reet, although? a
planting distance which gives
eight' feet between rows and 10
feet, betweea the plants in the
vow J will be i found satisfactory.
This -will give the necessary grow
ing space for the roots and good
circulation of air for the vines.
After planting, keep well cultiva
ted so as to produce as strong and
vigorous a plant as .possible- the
" The Pruning
Tais first year - no support or.
pruning , is necessary, although
and moderate in quantity is "more
satisfactory. than long, rapid
growth, ,When fertilizers are
needed; use those- with a small
amount of organic matter, such as
wood ashes, or commercial fertil
lzer cOntainine: superbhoanhate
and potash. Id the case of sandy
or gravelly soils, a liberal appli
cation of barnyard manure jan be
made with satisfactory jresults.
OIIEGON STATE HpSPITAIi
- i . uv ua .. ajauc oic w ca-4 la
Salem, Or., April 27, 1927.
I NtL: iIlUUIiUU
- . i
enn Tfl Cfin VCADCl layers or. cuttinrs.- The, vines
i vr: L.I-MIVJI - . I 7 ' j . ft r -ri ri
snpum De irum six io eisni iees i mo yuung canes enauia oe uea to i jyQ 0 ... llcill- UIUW
(Continaei from j578.)
The best all around grape for
thb section: is . the' : Campbell's ,
Early, This, is J: the samel grape
and cultivation. Those all are
verxgood for the "Salem district.
The soiiris 'riclr or. agreeable, plen-r
ty, ottsunshine; by .spraying we
can prevent -diseases, and manur
ing should be dope every year. :
Grapes ?nse-'quite- a bit of , wa
ter. , . ... - .v.. :'''
. If legume plants are planted
wjtb the grape plaats the first
rear tbn will rrnv iMttir ' ud
ite of l belag lO days to two tear4 better later. ; The legumes
to plant are peas and beans. A .
: known la the state of Was bin g-
- ton '- as . IsUad -Bellei and the - one
,so popular .1 around the ' JPueet
(Sound district. It is the earliest
j goodT-grape "we 'know of, -bat' In
I weeks ahead Of the Concord " It
I Fill - keep ! fully as long as thst
j ariety. ; . -
I V .' A. Good Combination
-'The. Wordea la a , little later
' possibly:'thaa the Campbell's Ear
f It, bat- haa better -quality. The
ahla Ion the f rait- Is so tender it
. breaking, so it is not suitable for
commercial purposes, as a rule.
This-Is not against It for a home
grape, though It does, not with
stand thee rain as well .. as' the
Campbell's : Early." . These -, two
grapes make good ' combiaatloa
for a planting with a. preference
tor the Camp bell's . Early;. If - only
C3&rarity.ls to be selected.--'";
'." ' '. ' So ,Sailfactory. Red
V.No TeaMy- satisfactory; red grape
f Esther Cook.
1234 Court St., Salemv Or. April
25, 1927. .-. '
apart. The most popular varie
ties are. Concord and Delaware.'
In California, the Vinltera and
European grapes ' are grown.
There are several varieties among
these, are the raisin grapes. V ;
H Grapes - do - not, , require stimu
lating . fertilisers. - Wood ashes.
about one half bushel to1 the ylne
is , the best. ; , ;
One or two year old vines may
be used." ' At plantlngtlme5 they
should be' cut back to three or
four eyes and :- the roots well
shortened. Large holes- should be
a stake , to get them out of the
way-for cultivating. The follow
ing .winter the vines should be
pruned The amount of pruning i
done will depend upon - the
growth. ; If small growth has.
een made, - remove : all but the.
strongest caneand cut this back
to two eyes. If one strong, well
ripened cane has been 'produced.
cut it back to the height at which
the head is to be formed , (about '
54 laches) and tie securely to the
stake, removing all othSr, canes.;
"Both buds should, be allowed - to
Bred and. Owned by Pick-
,ard Bros. Marion
Martin. Arba, dragging rd.
Nelson,". V- C. filling holes.
eie. ... ....
Prank, -Harry,. spreading - .
: Tgravel ;.,'JLU uJU r - -.
i lloact iitstrics iov -
Bones, J.'.M.; grader'.wheel r
Denyer, Ulwln,- grading . .
Denhem, - W. Jay, patrol-.
- Road District No. 27
Fabry, John, patrolman ;Vt
Road District No. S
Westenhouse, W. W., pa-
t trnlman .r. V' .... -.
1 Road District ! No. 2 i
Knapp, B. J.. cutting brush .
Lewis, J. C gravel . . ..
Pearce E. J.,v5 cutting
(brush: etc. . . . ..... . .
Query,, C D.,' shovel, etc.
Dlsley,- Tom., rock; .
Salchenberg, L. M., haul
? lng gravel, etc., .....
Shorey. W. A., cutting
brush, etc.. ..........
Townsend. B. ..P.. do .... .
Zimmerman, Jake, haul
. i ing, gravel etc." ......
Walker, ' J. O., patrolman
' ; r-r: Road District No. 29
Hampton, Bryant grading,
Harris, Clarence, patrol- .
- fman . ... ,
Road District r No.' 30
Beeson, Harvey, grading,
i etc. ...........,.
Libby, Leslie do ......
Looney, W. M., gmbbing
Simpson, . N... M., holding
: f resno j. . . . .. . .
Wells, Lee, patrolman . . .
I Road "District No. 31
Barber,). Royal-- shoveling .
gravel . -. . . . . . . . . "vi
Chatman, H. T., hauling
gravel, - etc. . . . . .
Houghton, Weston,: do ..
Wilson,. AT, grubbing . . .
Wilson, Vern, do . - . .
Russell. H.. patrolman
Road District No. 3S
Adams Hardware Cow pow-
5 der etc. ' .-. :. .,i ....... .
. - Road District Noi S3
Preres. T. G., grading, etc. .
Etzel, Jno. W.,, patrolman
Road District ao. 33
Adams Hardware Co., pow
der, etc. ........-'.
Carter, Will, dragging road
King. Russell, shoveling
gravel . . . . . ..... ii -
Quatermas, Howard, drag
ging road -r . ...
Taylor, Ed., hauling gra-
' vcl tc - '
Montgomery, R. S patrol-
Road District No. 34
Roda, John," dragging, etc 39.20
Shafer, Pete, cleaning '
away slide .'. . . . . 3.20
Shafer, v . Verne, hauling .
gravel, etc. - ....... . 12.00
Roda, Selas, patrolman .. ,18.00
- Road .District No. S3
Collins,- E. L. widening
road, etc. . . ... ; . '. . ; . 44.80
Cribben. Irvin, shoveling
gravel, etc -: . .-.v. . - 16.00
Richards, E. J. patrolman 72.00
t Road District JVo. 3 ? :
Booken"" Millard, general
repair ' work . ........
Dulley, W. B.. do ......
Knut3on, N do ........
Newport & Booker, gaso-
? line & oil . . . .
Watters, Ed., general re-
. pair work . . . . .......
Westerberg. C. E., do . .
Newport, Roy, patrolman
Road District No. 8T
Chittenden, Dick, , wqrk
by hired men ... . -
Kl urn. Roy, filling washout
Welton, Warn., holding
Kuyper.AW. J cutting , "
brush ... . i. ; iz.sv
Barnett, J. P., do ... . . 1 12.80
Rfcssell, "Hugh," dragging. . ; '3.00
Mbrrls, W. C, do :..'... 3.00
Hennies, patrolman 3.oo
Road District No. 45 ;
GedelmanV -John, raking ;
i- 'gravel, etc. ,. . . . . A 8.00
Kohel, Frank, do . ... ;. ' 9.60
M.ouser Floyd, hauling
irock. . . .'. . . . i
Pressnell, D. H.,"dragging,
etc. . i i i ..t. ,.'.-,"i i i ... ;:
Strong, H.. C, raking grav
el v.. .
Rosenbaum, N. patrolman
ltoad" District" Nor AT
McAllister, VJ J., draggiag.
McAllister C. L., patrol
man . . . . . , .'. , . . . ..
Road. District No. 48 '
Camp Santiam; gravel,.
Ettner, - Andrew, -hauling
: gravel . . - v
Looney, D'. G., grading
Hahn, E. W. patrolman . ; .
"- Road District No. 49
McHollck,- John, repairing. .
(grader v. . L. .. ;. . .... .
Tweedle, John, cedar log .
Obersinner, Joe,- dragging
Erwell, Frank, cutting
Reiger, John, grading . .
Knutson, Orley, do k . . . . .
Johnson, Melvin, do . . ,r.
Owre, P. W., patrolman . .
w - Road District No. 52 .
Dunigan, M. R., grading . .
Dunigan, W. A., do . . ... . :
Lauderbach, John, do . . .
Dunigan, Ed wt ; Sr.;vpatrol- ,
man ... .. .r ,-.
T- Road District No.' 56
Arbuckle, P. B.,, putting ia
' .culvert, . - & . . ;
Hobart. T. R., do .......
Road. District No. 57
Hicks. W.iP plowing, etc. .
Deguire, M. -E-, fuse and
caps -. . i
Syron & Van Arnam, road
plank, etc. . . . . . .
Down, Al., patrolmaa . . . .
Road District No. 58
Deakins- H. R., operating .
. grader . , .. . . . . .. . . .
Haynes,W. H.. patrolman
Road District No.4 59
Baldwin, A.' J., digging
ditch . . ..... t . .
Bedient, J. E., grading .
French, J. El, driving team
t etc. .
Hatfield, W. ,G., digging
: rock, etc. - . . . - .
Judson, Robert J., driving
- team ........ . . .....
Judson, Lewis E., patrol
Road District No. CO
Amort, J L hauling grav-
Koker, S., shoveling gravel
; etc. . . . . . . . . . ........
Mader, , A. J., dragging
Klmsey, J. E., patrolman .
Road District No. 62
Bakert A. C, grubbing . . .
O'Neal, Anton, da . ... . .
Punzel, W. P.,; holding
i scraper . . . , . . . .v . . , .
Cole, Robt., acting patrol-
Grassman, C. do . . .'. ....
Manning. Ray. do
Forcier, L... do . ..... 4. .
Rubens, Al, hauling gravel
Nathman's,' nails . . . . . .
Manning, John F., patrol
man.ivV. , .'. . . . . .
- Road District No. 05
Patterson, Pearl, powder,
. 7Lt... . . . ...........
; road - . .-.-.. '. . . . , . .
.Stafford, Henry, hauling ,
I rock, etc. ... . . . . . .
Collins, ' A. !., . dragging
road . . . . . . ..... ....
Harvey, Ray, repairing
1 culvert . . . . . .... . . . . .
Cramer, Emil, do . . . . . .
Hannigan, C." A., dragging
t road ' i . '. ......
Savage. J. C, nails
Patterson, Richard, patrol
t man . i . . .
r (To be continued.)
The American " Jersey Cattle
club reports the following new
records by. Oregon cows:
"In 365 days and on j two milk
ing 9 per day, the purebred Jersey
cow, - - Glow Darling, j produced
BS 4 .5 1 lbs. of butter fat and 9 6 67
lbs. of milk: ' This test (was start
ed when she was Just three years
of age, and for six months of the
aag so ine roots may. oe awnin- ucyeipp, s so mat tne Jiiant ww fit per month. Her milk averr
aged 6.05 per cent butterfat and
she was with calf for 2j07 days of
the year, qualifying for an Amer
ican Jersey Cattle club silver
medal. : Glo wi JDarliagl Is owned
and was tested by,;Plckard Bros.',
or Marion, -orego a.
Editor Statesmaa: ; "V
p rapes are probably, the ; oldest,
ot frnlts. They are mentioned in
the Bibl? They were : first cultlr
rated by the Egyptians - at least
three 'thousands-cars ago and to
day, are cultivated by all people In
parts 1 of c the world 1,' while . they
laat hand. The ' Delaware has I were first cultivated in the neigh-
snca small : berries with small borhood of the Caspian and Med-
bunches, sad is ften each s light j iterraneaa seas.
rarer, that tf-te not in venr 'cood 1 - Granes tare 'Kenerally" : taken
favor The Agawam ts . much f rpm-cuttings. r.Whica1 arewlnter
larger grapebut trom a-commeri trimmings! of the'vlnel'.. These
c!al. standpoint fs-not at all desift puttings are put In a .Well work-
as the bunches tend to be ed and fertilized -soli and left
j 1 aose ; and straggly. - The ..quality there for two years; then planted
I Is excellenC,, but" Af ifl ripens- with in the vineyard'" in4 rows, si' feet
i the Concord- it. ia again one of .the by ten feet." la the vineyard they
1 rarlstles illtUa too late for? the are trained or tied on the fines.
. Grapes are subject to many dis
eases and mt be-- -constantly
cared, for, but. at that these dis
eases 'are easily controlled,' 1 and
the grapes make a - pretty sure
crop; and .for ,' that " reason and
that one planting . bear many
crops the profits are always good.
Pfc O. Box 209, Salem, Or., -April
.: 26,.i927.i ; - . - ;. ,.,;:
' - Ton Cur
f r America's Floes Tire'
not be set back by the accidental
removal ot one. All growth start
ing from other buds, should be re
moved so as to concentrate all the
growth, activities into ' - the two
canes one of which la, to become
the trunk of the vine the succeed
ing, year ,By the third year the
vines- should have erect straight
k stems, with two or more canes for
the head and from which the vine
cad be renewed each 'year..
i ; , Pruning Bearing Tines
In. the - pruning - - of w bearing
vines there; are ' several different
systems, , some of -which- are more
"Nehalem's Beauty's! Tressie, a
young'" Jersey, 1 cow; - owned aad
tested) by iT. H. iAcree) of. -Hood
I River, Oregoa, has been awarded
& silver i medal -by the; American
jerse,y cattle ciud. ' sne was start
ed on this test at (the; early age
100 8. Commercial '
of 1-year aad 11 months and. she
or .less complicated and require a produced 435.12 -IbSi.oC butterfat
ireuis, and some that require 1 and 8169 lbs; of milkJ She car
mucn time for pruning and tyini- Irled calf for 177, dava of the ten
Whatever system is employed,' It I months, Tressie Is a daughter ot
is accessary tor Keep in mind that I the well known meda
t ; c! ssauroa and tot so many loca-
" - The lTOte Kind ;.;.:':,"'
The Niagara , la the best; white
ere ; e, but ripens Jaboatj the time
of the 'Concord t If the: season is
1 -isht forjit? so; that Jit; rgets fully
mature, the quality of this grapo
1 ractlcally unexcelled : amons
the America a" grapes. ' For those
' :"'r'r s the Earopean rape the
L a cctwater or GoliQa Chasaelas
' provca1 pne-of the test, as it
l i.l:out the fearlicsf ofthe Eunv
a a- f fapcgi" ttut ; WHf-'Eticftd
re.: It is later thun tin CampH
V Early, corafnST about' at the
i cf the Ccneord," so ia many
i Acr.rrt c-are fully
t tie best quality, la a few
'jffs this grape and the Muscat
, - Pif-n.-Tj " ";:r ' " 3 J " ri 11 " i j
; v The f Irst yearf; they should not
be allowed ; to -have vmit, because
it jmay weakea the plant , perma
nently. :,The second year, six to
10 clusters according' to the .size.
Third: year ' about t0 .;pound8;,
fourth year'double that" number.
Af Concord ; vtne can bear "ten
bushels, but that Is exceptional. '
, One f the secrets of successful
grape growing Is to make -j sure
that .the -grapes are. grown on
shoots pf jthat season's. ;. growth.
To do I this,, la ,; the .winter all
branches and' shoots j t hernia" Cbe
cut back IrdintVo."! fivo.b'Jd.
1 iThe greatest nemiC3 of grapes j ,
are phylloxeraV flownyjniildcw and jZ
x's -t '-: . t - : .
:XKidacTS cause backache lv No!
Your backache is " caused by lum
bao, . rheuraatisar on 1 a. strain- - and
the quickest- react is
the fruitlag branches are always
produced on last season's growth,
that is, one year old canes."' The
condition ; aad also the. 'vigor of
the plant1 should be taken tntn
consideration when pruning. One
-system" often . used In commercial
vineyards and well adapted for
the small home 'planting is what
gold and - silver medal
; ie's Nehalem Beauty."
(Continued from pay 7.)
Valley' Motor Co., plow)
share .....(...' 2.40
Pearmlne W. G. patrolman 89.00
is known as the four cane KnifI j,m rr '
fea system.: With? this a trellis! nitrh '. ' .Z. : '
or .two. wires iis used, the bottom J Smith, Bert, hauling grad-
ing' St. Jacobs OA 1 wife, about 30 Inches abqveT the
Rub ait vrtght on I ground ana the top wire about 54
laches.- f The- cane to form the
mala trunk ot the vine is carried
up to the top wire and two canes
are trained, along each wire; mak
lng foar canes s for.- each vine
your i painful - back,
and . ; instantly : ; the
-. soreness, istifTness
and lameness '. Jdis
arpears. Don't stay
-crirptcd! h.Get a 3S
cent - bottle, ol i,
Jacobs- OA from
" your -dru:st., A
moment . ,a sTi.it -ia
. sri'-i yfi'il wo
-t.dcr jwbat 1 ::irr.j cf
Stabenow, W. A., do. . j. . .
Story, Tom, ditching . t. .
Kaplinger,Wm.-F; patrol- r
'Road District No. 21
Hoots, R.,' laying tile. fct&
&lagee, M. M patrolman . .
Rimd DiMtrict No. Si
.e. f rt
Phylloxera is a grape lice whichr
feed on the vines.
hf d?wfl? mjldew' is ft fungus J
-Ia ess Tor 3
ctckic:::,-C,:t3,.,r- .: t
tnatism or sprains. -AtiOiu-.tly ,harcv
lest. Doesq't burn tha akiau- -
Each- years pruning consists in
cutting ; away all f the J topsf except I De Vries, Rudolph, grad-
tne tour most vigorous canes pro- I ing
duced the preceding1 season. With
well established vines these are
shortened . back -.so as to allow
aboat 10 buds to. each of the up
per canea and 5 buds, for the two
iowiuues Other-canes vcomihg
out; near the main trunk can bo
llersch. Fred. -patrolman. ,
. ...Road District-No. 21
Ktzel. Peter ;J., grading.,
Fox. Al, do . -
Van Handelr J; B., patrol-
man : ....
:' Kiad District No. 23
Spwr, A. P. & Co.,' fuse.
t 1 t v
.; ... ,v
i man . . .
scraper ...... .'.is..
Hoyser, Geo.'-M., - patrol
. . . . ,
Road District No. 40
Collins, , E. L., raking., etc
Horner, ; A - B., handles. .
Work, Charles, general re
pair, work -. ,r. .....
Richards, E. J., patrolman ?
Road District No. 41
Welty, George, dragging.
etc - i i - . . . . -
Welty, Raleigh, hauling
gravci : . ....
Road District No, 4J
Dancer, C. W.", plowing.
etC s. . d . ... . ".:.. ..
Standifer, C. C, blasting
! stumps ....... v . . . .
Standiter, M. H., , do. . . .
Utter, M. H., patrolman . .
Road District No. 44 .
CofTey John, cutting brush
Nieman, Henry J., patrol
man ....... .........
Road District No. 43
Curtis, James," cutting .
brush. ... . . . . . . .....
Hennies. A. . H., do . . . . . .
Cook, Jay, grubbing i ... v
Schampier Prank, do . . . .
7 Road District No. C3
Carver & Groff,. rope, etc. .
Brown Brothers, hauling
Cole, N. E., lumber . . . . . .
Feller, Harley, dragging
etc.' . .. ....... . . . .
Smith, Dewey, grading, etc .
Smith, Vernie, running
tractor ; ; i. -. . . ,.: ...
Mathiot, Pete,; ! patrolman
-. . Road District No. 64
Araot, P., grading .
Groshoag,' Wm... cutting
brush;. ............. . -
Jorgenson, C. L do ... . j
HilL F.; grading . . ... . . .
Paquette, S., do r. . . . . . ,
PItrer. Ray, do .
You can - hook ; tlje big
- ones if youuse the right
kind of baif.
Advertising must be
properly written to get
let Us Show You How
- .Directors of
23 Orc-cn BIdg '
U R M
i n rt
X M U K W B
- " b I
RESPONDING to the need of
the many Californians who
come north tor my tameus Rectal and'
Cokm treatments, and to countless in
quiries received from that section, offices
have bee opened to San Francisco, 703
Market Street, corner Geary. A hichlv
SkfiUd CObIc win be maintained tberc, u at Port-
Files axxopzrLz returned tuau
-A tsiMd wet Vnaatmadt of famrr
mmrtbimi patients to adftec thrtr
Caiifanaia friends ( the araiUhit.
hya vrt treatments. VPJf-. 10O
pace Boole oa reqoest Q
httu?tg cruets: srjcrnje omtn:
Or r Put'4int --Sia , Bwiwo
I ' Relieves
An Irritated Throat
' SOLD ONLY AT
- : DRUG STORE"
I 135 N.. Commercial St.
i : The Only Original Yellow
j - Phone 107
J Penslar Agency
- -Of A
- 4 -...
' 'j ; fexou mpjcajes VktMl
'A 0oor WAS fouAfT I
: VBECKE & HENDRICKS
Insnraaos of All x . Telephone 101
- HeUlr Theater- Lobby. 189 North High
- - -si
TJRAWSFER AW) STORAGE
Long and Short Distance Hauling
-Public arid Private Storage
GRAIN, FEED1 AND: SEED
Free Delivery to any part of the city -
QUOTATIONS ON; APPLICATION
PAUL TRAGLIO, Prep. ' w
Day Telephone 28' " Nlghl Telephone UC7-.V