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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (April 7, 1927)
THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 7, 192T '
Are Yours; Aid In Making
Helpful to Your Wonderful City and Section
S.va- ,tT ec
EIGHTH CONSECUTIVE YEAR
THE DAILY STATESMAN dedicates two or more pages each week in the interests of one of the fifty-two to a hundred basic industries of the
Salem district. Letters and articles from people, with vision are solicited. This is your page. Help make Salem, groy. I
THE OREGON STATESMAN, SALEM, OREGON
IF ..3 U is E isS
, . ' 4?, r'- . t " :'
PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS TELL OF
. IE USES HO BENEFITS OF SILOS
Ten weeks ago it was announced that The Statesman
would' pay S5 a week, till further notice, to the high school
f grade school boy or girl in Marion or Polk county who
would submit the best article on the current Slogan subject.
The articles are to be in the office (or mailed) by noon of
Tuesday of the week of the Slogan subject. All articles.sub
mitted to belong to Tne Statesman. The editor to judge as
lu the best, In deciding who shall receive the $5. The idea
is to furnish an opportunity to make the rising generation
acquainted with the many and great advantages of the dis
trict in which they are to take active part in the future.
They are to be the leaders as they grow into manhood and
womanhood. There was one contestant the first week, 7 the
secondhand 5 7, 11, 3, 4, 5 and 3 respectively the following
weeks J There are seven this week. The $5 goes to James
Shephajd nfl Helen Burk and
to have a ticket to a movng picture show any moving pic
ture show selected, at the Oregon, Elsinore or Capitol. There
will likely be: surprise prizes most weeks. One other thing.
The Statesman wants the photograph of the first prize
winner e&ch week. If the winner has no photo, please go to
the Kennel-EUis studio, 429 Oregon building, Salem, and
have one taken, at the expense of The Statesman. When a few
photos are in hand, cuts will be made of the first prize win
ners, to be printed in The Statesman; and perhaps in other
papers. The boys and girls will please write on only one side
of the paper. The following are the articles for this week:
WORKS WITH DE
A silo is practically a large bar
rel for use in storing green succu
lent feed lor future- use. It may
L' made 8f peveral different ma
tcr!;iN. j$e stave silo being the
ino-t popular in the Salem sec
tion. Silos made of hollow tile
aue Rood because of their being
everlasting, but must be treated
with certain materials to make
Ahem air tight, or. there will be a
nis from spoiling around the out
My experience with a silo bc
R.m in 1918 when we purchased a
s'huik! hand stave silo twenty-four
tret high by ten feet in diameter.
This v.e have filled with corn si-
!.'M t very year since, and we have
l very satisfactory results. The
t);ci;o;i Dent corn has made the
fun hi finality of silage, although
the eastern seed makes the most
f.Mid r. but has less corn, and the
results were not so good. One
y.f;ir we mixed a small quantity of
sunflower Wed with the corn,
growing sunflower and corn mix--l.
The sunflower makes a large
qu.intl'y of fairly good silage, the
li.it objection being that the
I.iVr;e heads are hard to feed
tl.rouKh.a small ensilage cutter.
.-iJase must be fed continuous
ly afier starting or it will decay
if not Traored Occasionally. We
i;ind that to feed 'at least three
f ci nr inbre'per. month was neces
.:! to keep silage" jerfectly good.
A 'o twenty-four by ten well-
si:v! wilt feed about ten cows
iv. i, t day for" nix months. Al
th .tiu corn fodder is rery good,
w. the " best" production from
!" ! ins milage once a day and kale
!.. day. ' One year we put an
r. i' iiiid a half of vetch and rye
in i!.c .ilo in June. This made
s :i fe:t of exreUent feed and
i . ijv. i did well on it.
Some ot the t advantages of a
il. .:ie that it gives a green suc-"w-jit
ffeed during the winter
1 .-;t tixre'Is little or no pasture
i i4 vrry convenient to feed in
fti? Kind of weather, it keeps the
'-it! : in a good healthy condition.
ma tauis good rnilk production
it a reasonable cost.
Torn is well adapted to crop
rotation,-as a good' hay or grain
crop can be expected on corn
ground, and a cultivated crop
help to kill out weeds.
Siil.'tn. Ore.,1 Route 2, April 5,
1 : 2 7 ; Spring Valley School.
THE TALL SILO IS
. THE BESTTOBUILO
A silo is a pit or high round
building for the keeping of forage
crops for feeding, "at some future
time. Corn stored in silos is a
J?ood cheap food for, cows and en;
rourages' a good flow, of milk.
Theprose.of jRting cropa in
Piloi Is the1 same as putting Iruit
in jars siufl sealing' i to exclude
the, air. J silo should keep out
.quently. , .care shou uL he . taken in
Olive Josephine Anderson areH
building, as spoiled silage is prac
Silos can be built from wood,
ceraeut or steel. Wood, on ac
count of its comparative abun
dance, is 'the cheapest here, but
is not so durable as cement.
A cement silo should be white
washed with clear cement when
it i3 finished, to make it water
proof. A' pointed roof gives Hie
silo a better appearance and is
more convenient. The bottom
should be shaped like a plate and
covered with a layer of straw.
The walls should be smooth and
straight on the inside and the
doors perfectly air tight. The" ma
jority of siloa have continuous
doors for convenience in empty
Deep Ones Arc Best
The deeper the silo the greater
the pressure and the larger
amount of corn can be stored per
i Steel silos are gaining in favor
and do not hold the frost any
more or as much as the cement
oroes. The steel being thin and
a' good conductor of heat, readily
transmits any warmth in the air.
A small silo to open in the sum
mer when, pasture becomes short
is the cheapest and best means of
keninc tin the milk flow. Corn
for silos is better if a little too
.!n thn too ereen. as then: it
cures with an acid flavor.
When the silo is filled the si
lage should be well tramped
down and moistened with water.
One may begin feeding as soon
after the silo is filled as desired
Good silage has a not unpleas
ant acid smell; a slightly sweetish
fermented taste. It should be a
brownish green color and free
from rot or mold.
Next best to corn is a clover
crop to use for silage. It is rich
in protein and when made into
silage has a higher feeding value
than when made into hay.
10A, 162 3 Lee St., Salem, Ore.,
April 5, 1027.
THE HISTH ID
USES OF SILAGE
The preservation of green crops
commenced in France about 1800
and in the United States about
1875: the first silo being built in
th United States was by Manly
Miles, who constructed it in Mich
igan. A silo Is an airtight stor
age room above or belowr - the
ground, in which, ar$ put green
crops thajt are cut small" hy an
ontitann flitter . and are nacfced
fox future use: also a slack 'in
whjch the feed is preserved under
pressure. The silos that were
ffrst made in the-United States
were made out of brick or stipe
lined with a smooth coating l ot
cement. Later the wooden silos
were found satisfactory and not
so ; expensive. They are circular
in form, being 10 to 15 feet. In
diameter. The wooden silos built
of staves are held togsther by
iron hoops, and reBt on a concrete
foundation. - Silos of ordinary
size! are from 30 to 40 feet high
and are tilled from the top. A
continuous set of doors down the
side clos it -and are t removable
hy sections, enabling the silage to
b tagen out .aa,.peaaf..vftry cob
vvf nientlyj 4The conexee jiilos X9
Dates of Slogans in Daily Statesman
(In Weekly Statesman)
(With a few possible changes)
Loganberries, October 7, 1020
Prunes, October 14
Dairying, October 21
Flax. October SS
Filberts, November 4
Walnuts, November 11
Strawberries, November 18
Apples, November 23
Raspberries, December 9
Mint, December 9
Beans, Etc., December lfl
Blackberries, December 23
Cherries, December 80
Pears, January O, 1927
Gooseberries, January IS
Corn, January SO
Celery, January 27
Spinach, Etc., February ft
Onions, Etc., February lO
Potatoes, Ftc, February 17.
Bees, February 24
Poultry and Pet Stock, Mar. 3
City Beautiful, Etc., Starch 10
Great Cows,' March tt?. '
Paved Highways,' March 24
Head Lettuce, March 81
Silos, Etc., April 7
Legumes, April 14
Asparagus, Etc., April 21
Grapes, Etc., April 28
THIS WEEK'S SLOGAN
DID YOJJ KNOW that Salem is the silo center of Ore
gon; that new silos are being erected faster in the Saiem
district than in any other section of the entire Pacific
Coast; that every farm having live stock ought to main
tain at least one silo; that a silo is a pasture under cover;
that it is an insurance policy against loss; that the farm
er with live stock without a silo loses enough every year
to pay for one or more; that although silos are going out
in this district faster than ever before, they are not even
yet being installed nearly half as fast as they should be;
and that Marion and Polk counties lead all Oregon in
silo preponderance and silo lore?
the most durable, but are "more
expensive than the wooden silos.
Silos are roofed over at the top.
Where the climate is dry, pits
have been used for silos very suc
Siiage in General
The plants being used in the
United .States for ensilage are
corn, clover, rye, oats, wheat, sor
ghum, millet, alfalfa, soy beans,
sunflowers and cow peas. The
corn Is used for ensilage more
successfully than the others. Sil
age has become a necessity to
dairy farming and has been used
in fattening beef cattle, sheep and
horses. Originally the silage was
used for winter use only, but now
is used in the summer time while
pastures are shprt. Animals us
ually eat sound silage with a rel
ish, but reject it when! It is start
ing to decay. Dairy cattle should
be fed small amounts till they be
come accustomed to- it.
A cubic foot of silage under
average conditions will weigh
from .15 to 4 0 pounds. Thi3
amount, with other feeds, is
enough for one cows daily ration;
at this rate one cow in 200 days
would consume four tons.' Includ
ing waste and emergency condi
tions, 50 tons will last a herd of
10 cows 200 days.
8.0WMMK) Acres Silage Corn
About 8 per cent of the corn
acreage in the United States in
1914 was used for ensilage. This
equals about 8,000,000 acre3 of
corn used for silage. Three tons
of silage is equal in feeding value
to a ton of hay. On this basis a
more digestible food can be se
cured from an acre of corn than
from an acre of hay. The food
equivalent to four tons of hay
can easily be produced on an acre
of land planted to corn.
i -Vern Wells, 1
148 "Wilson St., Salem, Ore,,
April 4, 1927. ' ' ''
Telephone 400 V
Hunt's Quality Fruits
Hunt Brothers Packing
Canned Fruits ami
Vegetables - -Mala
, a Pino Street, San Francisco
" :i''t California- . f
California Hayward, 6an! Joie
-.--' J Los Gates, Exetar -Oregon-
Washington PuyaUoo, Enmnag
Drug Garden, May 8
Sugar Beets, Sorghum, Etc.,
May IS, 1927
Water Powers, May 20
Mining, June 3
Land, Irrigation, Etc., June 10
Floriculture, June 17
Hops, Cabbage, Etc., Juue 24
Wholesaling and Jobbing,
Cucumbers, Etc., July 8
Goats, July 22
Schools, Etc., July 29
Shee p, Aug. 5
Sh1s, .August 12
National Advertising, Aug. lO
Livestock, August lt
Grain and Grain Products,
Manufacturing, Sepfemler 9
Autoitiotive'lnriiiKtries, Sept. lfi
Woodworking. Etc., Sept. 23
Paper Mills,' September ;JO
(Back copies of the Thurs
day edition of The Daily Ore
gon Statesman are on band.
They are for Eale at 10 cents
each, mailed to any address.
Current copies 5 cents.)
THE SILO ID ITS
lif GOOD POINTS
When building a silo, first se
lect a place for it so it can be
easily filled and will be close and
handy to feed out of. At the end
of the barn with the doors open
ing so the ensilage can be carried
along and put in the boxes for the
cows is preferable.
Then select your materials.
Silos are made of various building
materials, such as wood, brick,
stone aud concrete, and are rein
forced with steel rods. The diam
eter of a silo depends on the
amount of silage to be fed daily,
and the height depends on the
length of the feeding season.
First build a concrete founda
tion, then if wood is used (as it is
the cheapest), it can be two by
fours so beveled that when stood
up makes a round silo In form, to
prevent ensilage cpoiling in the
corners, which will happen if a
square one is built.
It Is then reinforced with steel
rods to hold it together so it will
be air tight and will preserve fod
der, corn or other green feed in
such condition as to retain most
of-its succulent qualities of the
original product. Small" doors
along one side allow the ensilage
to be taken out easily during the
winter months, or -whenever it is
being fed. and the top is covered
with a roof so as to keep the rain
and snow out. If one was going
DONE WITH A
M. B. Sandersqn '
.1144 Korfif C9tta;-
High Street at Trad
to build he should go look at the
different makes of silos and got
the price of each one and then
build one to suit his pocketbook.
When filled it is highly valued
on dairy farms, where succulence!
in the daily feed is very import-1
In the- fall, corn stalks, with
the ears still attached, ar cut,!
when the grain is well glazedJ
Tho whole crop is run through a
revolving cutler and the small
pieces are blown up a pipe into the
top of the silo. The machine is
called an ensiliige cutter.
The silage must be thoroughly
tramped, particularly at the
edges, at filling time, to keep
out the air ami make it settle well;
if not it will spoil.
Some let the corn get nearly
ripe and theji run water in with i
1 he corn. If the corn is too ripe!
it fattens, which is all right forj
those who have beef cattle being?
stall fed for the butcher, but is j
better when not so ripe for the!
dairy cow, as it takes the place of j
green feed in the winter or in dry;
weather. It is also good ro feed!
to hogs and chickens. The silo'
can be filled with clover, or oatsj
and vetch in the spring to feed)
during the summer if one does not!
have corn ensilage to last the year j
A silo also reduces the cost of
feed and is very essential to a'
farmer who has cattle, hogs and
Rrooks, Ore.. Route 1, Hox 21,
April 4, 1927; Brooks School,
8th Grade, age in years.
MAKE USE OF SILOS
The silo is applied to a struc
ture in which green crops are
stored for winter feed for stock.
The feed is generally termed sil
age or ensilage.
The silo was first introduced
from Europe into America in
187.J. The first silos used in
America were merely pits dug in
the ground and covered with
boards. Square wooden buildings
took the place of these, but they
were unsatisfactory, as the angles
prevented the proper filling of
space and exclusion of air. The
circular silo was then introduced,
which has been adopted as the
most convenient for filling and
the best for storage. Silos may
be made of wood, brick, stone, or
concrete. Concrete is the most
satisfactory. The walls must b
alg tight to get the best silage.
The diameter should never be less
than six feet. A good size is 10
feet in diameter and 25 or 30 feet
high. The roof is of a cone shape
with either a small door in. it. or
it can be removed while it is be
Every well equipped farm in
the Willamette valley has at least
one silo. They are especially use
ful on stock and dairy farms.
The chieef crops used for silage
are corn, clover, oats, rye, sorg
hum, alfalfa, cow peas, and beans.
The best for the Willamette val
ley is corn, vetch, and oats. The
crop should be cut "before the
C. J. PUGH & CO.
Canning Machinery; Grad
ers, Trucks, Etc.
550 S. 21st St., Salem, Oregon
Enp Tear Mon7 to Oregon Say
Monument! Mid. t Salem. Onfoa
CAPITAL ICOlTTJKEEjrTAI. WORKS
I. O. Jones Co., Proprietor
Ail Kind i of Monumental Work
""factory ia OfflceT ""
2210 S. Com't, Oppoait X' 0.0,1.
Cemetery, Box 21
DIXIE HEALTH DREAD
A$k Your Grocer
moisture in the plants commence i
to dry. Silage must be placed
evenly in the silo and pressed j
down so it will keep. One ton of
silage will feed a cow for 50 days;
10 per cent should be allowed for
waste. The value of silage is
about the same as green feed.
Silage is the chief winter feed for
-Olive Josephine Anderson.
St'..". Marion St.. Salem. Ore.,
April 4. 1!)2 7; ago 1:5.
MAI USES EOUI
Silos(are built usually about .TO
feet deep, 14 Teef Jn diameter and
with a capacity of 9o tons. They
may be built of wood, brick or
cement. Tho, first one to origin
ate this method of preserving
stock feed in the United States
was Manly Miles of Michigan, in
1S75. The feed prepared in silos
is called silage, is used for cattle,
sheep and to a lesser extent for
The advantages claimed for
silos and silage are as follows:
Succulent, palatable rations may
be had for stock during the entire
year, thus keeping the animals in
good physical condition. A larger
percentage of food harvested can
be preserved in the same space.
It costs less to preserve forage in
the silo than to cure it by any
other method-now known. More
stock can be kept on the same
area of land where silage is made
than where crops are all cured la
hay or fodder, because silage con
tains more nourishment. Silage
can be (made in catchy weather
when hay would be spoiled.
There is more corn used for
silage than all other crops com
bined. The loss from good silage need
not be greater than 8 per cent of
It is best to have all silage
shredded and well pressed, not
only while it is being filled, but
A Superior Breakfast Food
A Trial Will Convince You
M. A. BUTLER, Manager
W. W. ROSEBBAUGU
Manufacturers of Warm Air
Furnaces, Fruit Drying Stoves,
Smoke Stacks, Tanks, Steel and
Foundry Worfc, Welding "
17th and Oak StsM Salem, Ore.
F. G. LUTZ NURSERY
We plan and plant (free of
charge), for homes, large or
small, all kinds of ornamental
shrubs, perennials and rockery
plants. Landscape work.
1 809 Market St. Phone 1 608-R
y..,; v 1 Produced in
Salem f r o.m
j the cream of
. herds by the
Phone laiir'T f
SALEM NAYISAflQN. CQ. ,,
STEAMER NORTHWESTERN ,
OPERATING ON A REGULAR SCHEDULE -Handlln Merchandbje and . Carloafl Etlrmenti
Between SATEM and PORTLAND and Way .Landlajcf
Care SUPPLIES DOCK
FORTLAira 'T -
every two or three days for 10
The silo should be filled three
feet deep, then allowed to heat
and settle a day or so, then an
other layer added. When full, the
top should be thoroughly wet
down with 10 quarts of water to
every square foot.' This causes
two or three inc-hes of the top to
rot and form a covering that keeps
the underneath front air, which,
if this is not done, quite a lot of
it would spoil.
Experiments show that the nor
mal changes in silage are due to
physiological processes In the liv
ing plant cells and not to bacteria,
as bacteria I and molds function
only in a n j?trimental way when
air finds accjess to silage.
Good silage is equal to roots In
feeding value and much cheaper.
Heeding may commence as soon
as the silo is filled. About two
inches may be used each day. It
is best not to take off too much
at once, or that underneath will
spoil. The feed may be kept two
years or more without losing its
feeding value. All silos must be
air tight. When green forage is
first put in the silo it undergoes
a more or less rapid fermentation
and rise in temperature; thus the
curing process begins.
Alfalfa is the principal silage
crop in the west and cow peas in
the south. i
Common red and crimson clover
may be used, aud this is greatly
relished by horses, cattle" - and
sheep, and, pound for pound, is
richer than eorn but does not
produce as much feed per acre as
Some good results are also re
ported from millet, (cow peas and
soy beans. Ueet pulp" as a by
product of sugar beet factories,
may he used, as well.
A silo is a good paying invest
ment for every farmer. They, are
especially valuable for dairy cows,
as they Increase and maintain the
milk flow. They should be fed
at about 35 pounds per day with
hay and grain and for sheep three
or four pounds. Silage does not
do so well for beef cattle. Silage
should in no case be fed alone,
but with grain and hay.
Every farm should have a silo,
GIDEON STOLZ CO.
VINKCiAlt SOIA WATER
Fountain Supplies v
Sab in Phone 20 Ore.
What Is It? j
THEO. M, BARE
a. DjJKSMOom. j
Salem Wicker Furmltw
' " UAJaafftctnrln Oo. .
'"-Wo Sell Direct I -. '
Haaise KiRu Se4 Quail?
asis, State Bt, Seiesa, Oregon .
Oregon Pulp $ Paper Co.
- Mannfacturen of
0D LEDGER GLASSING
GREASEPROOF! TISSUE 7
Support Oregon Products
n!- f-c r- '
VATER and SAVE THE DIFFERENCE i
LeaTfl PORTLA3T 9:00. A. ar-Snndayat Taeedaja and ThnrssSaya
Leare. BA LTCVI r OO "A. M-aioadajay .Wadneadayaj and Fridaya
ROUTE YOUR SHIPMENTS
WATER arid. SAVE TTIE DIFFERENCE
and it is especially valuable to thd
dairy farmer. . "
Jean Lucien Graham.
P. O. Cox 209 Salem, Ore:, Apr!
4, 1927. " V ,4 "
Editor Statesman: ; .
Silos are often madn of stave
with steel or wooden hoop. Soma
arej made ;by! .standing up' the
staves 'In the form of' a circle and'
then nailing laths around to hol.t
theni hp, i ! ' " 1 ' ' ' .';
Silos are ?made of concrete
stone', ' brick arid hollow tile.- and
metal silos ari found, in some sec-?
tloiiM. In dry clinia'tejf silps ara
built below th$ ground. Silos aro
rorind. so as to V p'rjtyen't silaga
' (Cpntinued on page 14.)
oi jour rrogresweaeu
abd ability And trail in
cnasc uoor profks mora
than any formenD.
you am majie....
cr MUX A
f fit sit: f -.
k U iminf n illj i,imiiui buhat itotkia tkM
- r " M:nrrotst; " r' r
Fbrrland Oregon '
Health is the rightful heri
tage of every, individual.
Enjoy that heritage. Chi
ropractic will help you. Try
for that, tired-out feeling.
Remember the, Neurocaio
meter locates, nerve pres
sure. Chiropractic Adjust-
ments remove nerve pres
by Appointment Only
DR. 0.L SCOTT, Did
'i 256 North High Street
rhone 87 or 1471-tS
-. ' T
"Salexa Rfadel Paper for Your
Of fice, Stationery
SALE2T DOCS t? T7AT: . 0
f - -"Trpyz oi? ecu. .i