. rfw SaIejri-Js-a:Cleaii.:and;Law to the Contrary Are Nl islcadfrig pnd XJnjuct Pilding -Permits j3ptari Standard of Increase Over 1926, ) "WEATHER PORKCAST: Clondy. be- I coming unsettled m the night; moderate tenneratur; moderate variable wind .be coming sotrthwest on the coast. Maximum temperature yesterday. G7; minimum.' 37; river 3.U; no rain rail; atmosphere, clear; ' wind, northwest. -" The growth of an oyster can now be seen to moving pictures, but we doubt whether this oyster film can ever be made into one of these now tangled talking picture. ,.,. SEVENTY-SIXTH YEAR SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESBAY MORKlNG, MARCH SO, 1927 PRICE FIVE CENTS Very sBfsoSfff All American .Missionaries in Eastern Shantung Take ' Hurried Leave TIENTSIN PLOT FEARED Nationalists nt ChangsJin Demand Withdrawal of Warships; Demonstration Against Concession Rumored SHANGHAI. March 29. (AP. Alarm at the.' growth, of antl fcreign agitation in nationalist China has spread northward to dis tricts threatened by the Cantonese sdvance, and refugees, most of them Americans, -are moving out of southern Shantung, Anhwei and s-nuthern Honan provinces. Advices from Chefoo, in Shan tune, say that all the American missionaries in eastern Shantung are on their way either to Tsing Uio, which is on the southeastern roast, or to that city. Their exo dus was -caused by the -uncertain future of ' the -province and the events of the past week at Nan kiug and other nationalist control led cities.' A Japanese destroyer arrived at Chefoo Sunday, and the American ( onsul there has asked for a United States destroyer. The local Chinese commissioner it Changsha, on the Siang-Hiang. in Hunan province, after a slight encounter between a number of Cninese and a party from the Brit ish gunboat Woodcock, today de manded withdrawal of sthe British warship at that nationalist con trolled city. The commissioner. demanded al so that the British sailors involved 1n the clash be turned over to the Chinese authorities In order that drastic action" might be taken against them. , Plot Reported LONDON, Marcn 29. (AP.) Ir.lormation has reached the An-Vu-xhun headquarters in Peking indicating that a serious plot is brewing to demonstrate against the foreign concessions in Tient sin, important city, of the north, -ays a Tekin dispatch to the West niniter Gazette, i The dispatch alds that it was proposed to consult the various legations on concerted action for the protection . of foreigners and that Chang Ts6TLin. the ex-Man-r huriau war lord, has stated that he would do everything in his jx.w.-.t to protect the foreigners. DISARMING AIM OF U. S. ENVOYS PR KPAR ATORlf COMMISSION MEETING AT GEXEVA Sepjrate Rejrnltrtions for Regulars and Reserves Urged by Gibson GENEVA, March 29. (AP.) The United States delegates at tending the sessions of the league of nations preparatory commission on disarmament would like to see the world's armaments fully cov ered by the provisions of the gen eral disarmament treaty which the commission isseeklng to formu late. This was made evident today when Hugh Gibson, United States minister to Switzerland, and Am erican delegate to the commission, took a hand in the discussions of the question of army reserves. President Loudon of the com mission had announced, that the oc legates were unable to agree on the question of ' reserves, before Mr. Gibson delivered his address which cleared the path "to possible re consideration of the matter, Mr. Gibson proposed the crea tion of two categories of troops. e consisting of active forces and other of rservists. lie sug- ted laying down a teparate sys tem of limitation for each cate Kury. -ur-.:.i xJ J - ' ' r A pparently believing, however, that there rs .small, chanee for u aching an agreement to limit re serves, Mr. Gibson wants the treaty, when lt oe"efore: the senate, to contain at least a state ment of the number of reservists Iz each country, so that American public opinion can exactly visual ize the international, military sltu &tlou : "J BROWNLEE TRIAL GETS UNDER WAY DEFENDANT IDENTIFIED AS 'HOLDUP MAX DV VICTIM State Wins First Argument When . Jlohhery TcMlimouy Ruled Revolent EUGENE, Mar. 29. CAP) Weakened by a month-long con finement in a local hospital with a gun shot in his neck and shoulder, Wiliam Maddaugh. pool hall pro prietor of Veneta. staggered into circuit court here today to testify in regard to the holfiup and fhoot ing at his rod hall February 27. The holdup and shooting is charged by the state to Albert Brownlee now being tried for the murder of Eaton Hooker, possemas two days after the holdup. In a voice little higher than a whisper, Maddaugh told of identi fying the holdup man as Brownlee by his voice. He new the bandit as soon as he spoke, he said. He told of the masked man entering by the back door and '.elling the other occupants of the room, who were playing cards, to hold up their hands. Maddaugh rebuked the Intruder was Bhot, falling to the floor but did not lose con sciousness, i The state won - the first major tangle of prosecuting and defense attorneys early this afternoon when the court overruled an ob jection made by Fred E. Smith, de fense attorney, to bringing up of testimony by the ptate in regard to the holdup which the defense claimed 'had no bearing on the murder charge. The objection was overruled on the ground that the holdup testimony jams designated by the state to prove a motive Tor the later murder of the possen.an. The jury finally selected 'this morning consists of six men and six women. The defense declared itself satisfied after its seventh peremptory challenge and the state was satisfied after its fourth. Immediately after the jury was sworn in, the state made its open ing statement. The defense waived its opening, statement. Movement of the defendant be fore the murder, as the state will seek to prove, was outlined by Gordon Wells, deputy district at torney. The state will ask for conviction of murder in the first degree without recommendation. Brownlee, Mr. Wells said, has "ad mitted the whole transaction." REPORT AMERICAN HELD Rmmom of 40,000 Pesos Demanded for Wilkin's Release MEXICO CITY, Mar. 29. (AP) The United States embassy has been informed that Edgar 'Marks Wilkins, an American who was kidnaped last Sunday by bandits and is being held for ransom of 40.000 pesos (about $20,000). The embassy has sent a note to the Mexican foreign office making urgent representations for Wil kins release. The information reaching the embassy said that Wilkins, whose home address in the United States was not announced, was kidnaped with his ten year old son on the outskirts of Guidalajara on Sunday and carried Into the neighboring hills by bandits. The boy was sent back to the city with a note demanding forty thousand pesos ransom. Federal troops, learning of the kidnaping pursued the bandits and engaged in a fight with them yes terday, but the band escaped. The pursuit is continuing according to the information to the embassy. START ON GUARD CAMP Engineer Will Lay Out Site for Encampment Today ASTORIA, March 29. (AP.) Engineers will start laying out the new national guard encampment at Columbia Beach tomorrow, it was announced today by Brigadier General George A. White of Salem, adjutant general of the -Oregon na tional guard, who was in this city today. Construction work for 1927 calls for an expenditure of $40,000, General White said. " The camp will be called Camp Clatsop, it being a short distance from Fort Clatsop, where the Lewis and Clark expedition spent the winter of 1805-1806. v MECTI NO NOT R KPORTKD - '. "h" j - OLYMPIA, March 29. (AP-) After the state capitol committee concluded an executive session late this afternoon with bidders for a $1,700,000 block 'of capitol build ing construction funds. Governor Roland H. Hartley declared ''there Is nothing' to. ay., The .bidders will meet again with the committee at 10 o'clock jomorrfiw mprnlngt J BALLOT TITLE ASKED LOOKING TO M REPEAL Indicated Secretary of State .. May Refuse to Approve Application KAY HITS QUESTIONNAIRE Smith May File Mandauiu.s Pro ccediiiKs.in Court to Compel Secretary of State Grant Title for Ballot An application for a ballot title was filed in the office of the sec retary of state yesterday by L. B. Smith, secretary of the Greater Oregon association. This request is in reference to a referendum measure, which would place be fore the people the opportunity to repeal a law enacted at the re cent session of the legislature giv ing to the state tax commission and county assessors more power and authority in levying property assessments. . The law under attack was known a.-s house bill No. 72, and contained the emergency clause. Because of having the emergency clause at tached the law is now in opera tion, and the .question has arisen as to whether it is subject to refer endum. It was indicated that the secretary of state would refuse to approve the application for bal lot title unless he was advised to do so by the attorney general. In event the application is not approved, Mr. Smith said he would launch mandamus proceedings in the courts to compel the secretary of state to grant the ballot title. The proceedings would be based, he said, upon that provision of thy. constitution which provides that the legislature has no power to withhold the right of referendum on any bill regulating taxation. Mr. Smith contends that the bill under attack i a taxation meas ure, and consequently the legisla ture exceeded its authority in ap proving the emergency clause. "I am filing this request for a ballot title," read a statement issued by Mr. Smith, "to determine whether the referendum right as to tax regulation is to be denied. "Under this bill' the taxing authorities have attempted whole sale exercise of power to pry into private business records, not mere ly to obtain information that is necessary, but to uncover income, purchases, liabilities and other items of private information. If this law permits of such a sweep ing exercise of arbitrary power by public officials, it is a dangerous act, and the voters should have (Continued on oar 6.) AUTO COUNT INCREASES Two Million Moro Vehicles Regis tered in 1020, Report WASHINGTON, Mar. 29. (AP) Registered motor vehicles last year numbered 22.001, 2 3, an in crease of more than 2,000,000 or 10.3 per cent compared with 1925 and registration fees, licenses and the like placed $288,282,352 in the state treasury. Reports to the bureau of public roads also showed that the gross receipts $190,406,060, was avail able for highway construction un der supervision of state highways departments, $51,702,184 for county local roads, and $25,274, 158 for financing highway bond is sues. Registrations for Oregon for 1926 was 233. 568; for California 1,600.475 and for Washington 363,279. ONTARIO MOIST AGAIN Wet TUH Passes Legislature; Now Awaits Official Signature TORONTO, Ont., March 29. (AP.)-r-The bill designed to bring liquor back to Ontario, under gov ernment 'control, after ten years of prohibition, passed the legis lature fn its final form tonight, and now awaits the signature of the lieutenant governor. It is ex pected to become effective about May 15. ;. - -'15 Amendments provide a compuls ory jail sentence of at least one year for a second offense of selling adulterated- liquor, empower' the government to discontinue entire-' Iyvthe sale of Jliqnor in ease of emergency, gucn jas a strike or riot, and "make -the vendor responsible for damages should a person to whom he sold , liquor meet with fajt hlle. intoxicated,, t. LAUGHLIN NAMED FOR COMMISSION KLK1XS TO RE RETAINED AS REHABILITATION" MAX Marshall and Bragg May Be Re tained on Body by (iovemor Patterson, Sam Laughlin, fashier of the Yamhill State bank, yesterday was appointed a member of the state industrial accident commission to succeed D i 1 1 a r d Elkins. Mr. Laughlin will assume his new du ties May 1. Mr. Laughlin has lived at Yam hill for many years. He is presi dent of the Yamhill chamber of commerce and a member of the Yamhill County Bankers' associa tion. He served In the lower house of the state legislature at the time the law creating the state indus trial accident commission was created. Governor Patterson announced that he selected Mr. Laughlin be cause of his ability as a financier. It was said that Mr. Elkins would be retained by the indus trial accident commission as sup ervisor of the rehabilitation de partment in Portland. W. A. Marshall and E. E. Bragg, incumbents, probably will be re tained as members of the commis sion. Mr. Marshall has been a member of the commission since its creation. He is a republican. Mr. BrasK is a democrat and was appointed a member of the com mission soon after ex-Governor Pierce was inaugurated. Under the law one member of the com mission must be of political faith opposite that of the administra tion. , Mr. Elkins was appointed a member of the commission by ex Governor Pierce; and has served for four years. His term has ex pired. Before coming to Saletn .Mr. Elkins lived at Eugene where he was engaged in the practice of law. ASK PROBE OF SHOOTING Mrs. Grayson Dies of Wound Cnused by Fatlier-in-Irfiw KLAMATH FALLS, March 29. CAP) That Mrs. Myrtle Grayson, 2 7, mother of three children and prominent matron of Malin came to her death by gunshot fired by her father-'in-law, J. H. Grayson, and that he should be held for investigation by th authorities, was the verdict t)day of a coroner's Jury. Mrs. Grayson died last night." She was shot as her husband, Al bert Grayson, endeavored to pre vent the elder Grayson from shooting Jack Sullivan. According to Albert Grayson, the older Grayson was suffering under delusion that Sullivan was in love with his son's wife. Dis trict Attorney Duncan is expected to file charges immediately. t Sift? V'Kv.W.? &c - i; r?' j3 V-vM--?- ' ''' r.-&&.fri:&j&. BUILDING SLUMP BROUGHT TO END TOTAL FOR MARCH NOW PASSED S3o5,ai5 MARK Construct ion to Start on New Kngel Apartment House, in Short Time When Adam Engel took out a permit Tuesday morning for the construction oT a four-story re enforced concrete apartment house at 1000 Chemeketa street, the building slump, which has held sway during March, was brought to an abrupt end and the total permits now have reached ' the $355,615 mark. This new apart ment building, which will be erected by the veteran .Salem con tractor, will cost about $185,000. The construction will start im mediately after a frame dwelling house is torn down on the 84x147 feet lot at the southeast corner of the Chemeketa-Capitol intersec tion. Engel purchased the lot from Edgar Hartley for a consid eration of $15,000. The proposed structure will out do any other apartment construc tion yet attempted In the city, ris ing four stories above the ground with eight basement suites, swell ing the total to 51 for the entire buildings Eight upper apartments are of four room suites, 19 three rooms, and 16 for two rooms. Elevator service will be in stalled in addition to every mod ern convenience known to apart ment dwellers. Engel hopes to have the build ing completed by November 1, ready for occupancy at. that time. The exterior will be fimshed in stucco, with an open court facing north on Chemeketa street. CRITICIZE U. S. STAND i uussian newspaper liiacKs .Amer ican Acts in China MOSCOW, Russia, March 29. CAP.) Pravda, newspaper of the Russian communist party, today declared that "American partici pation in the war upon China has been cemented by the blopd of the thousands of victims" of the Nan king bombardment. British imperialism, hitherto doubtful about the American at titude, now feels safe in going ahead with plans for a gigantic war program, the paper says. Af ter quotiug extracts from several American newspapers, Pravda adds "The anxiety evidenced by tne American press resembles the panic of a bandit who has com mitted his first murder. After playing , leading part in the slaughter, the United States now tries to resume sheep's clothing, but the Shanghai workers will quickly see through the subterfuge." THE FIRST TOUCH OF SPRING Appointments to Game Com mission to Wait, Gov ernor Announces REFUSES TO COMMENT Patterson-Will Not Admit Reque! for Resignations Sent Fis'i Commissioners "Private 3fatter," Attitude Resignations of I. N. Fleiseh ner of Portland and J. W. Maloney of Pendleton as members of the .state-game commission, were filed today with Governor Patterson. The governor refused to com ment on the resignations further than to indicate that their succes- ! sors would not be selected for sev eral days. Other members of the state game commission are Har old Clifford of Canyon. City, W. L. Finley of Portland and M. II. Bower of Corvallis. Mr. Eleischner was first ap pointed state game commissioner February 25, 1921, and was reap pointed February 16. 1925. ; Mr. Maloney originally was appointed a member of the commission .Tune 18, 1923. He was reap pointed February 26. 1924. "Receipt of the resignations of Mr. Fleischner and Mr. Malojiey 4ere today, preceded by the an nouncement last night that W. T. Eakin of Astoria had been request ed to resign from the state fisli commission, has resulted in a re port that Governor Patterson has asked for the resignations of the members of both the state fish (Continttad oa Ht 8 ) LEVEE 0T WASHED OUT Mississippi Ikink Cnt Half Way Through, lireak FeM red Moon MEMPHIS. Tenn., March. 29. (AP) The Mississippi river levee near Laconia Landing, Ark., had not gone out, as was indicate! in reports reaching here late today. A late message to the office of Major D. H. Connoly, district etn gineer of the U. s. river fleei said tonight that the levee haid caved in half through, and there was a possibility that it would go through tonight or tomorrow, but that the people living in. the basin which would be flooded, in case of a break, had been notified an had had ample time to move their stock to higher ground. BUTCHEK LOSES APPEAL OF CASE OPINIONS HANDED DOWN BY SUPREME COURT Petition for Rehearing Based on AIlegel Abence of Some l'roof The petition for the rehearing of the John Butehek case met a reversal yesterday, when it was de nied by the supreme court. The opinion was written by Justice Brown. A short time ago the su preme court affirmed the decree of the lower court. Butehek is under sentence to" death for the slaying of his wife. Elizabeth Butehek in Portland a year ago. The petition for rehearing of the case was based on the alleged ab sence of proof of deliberation and premeditation, and that the evi dence was all to the effect that there was no premeditation. "The question of deliberation and premeditation is always one for the jury." read the opinion of the supreme court. "Following a full and complete instruction as to its duty in the premises, the jury in this case found that the defend ant purposely and of, deliberate end premeditated malice killed his wife. That verdict was based upon a sufficiency of evidence, and, as a , matter of law, should stand. The petition is denied." Other opinions danded down by the supreme court yesterday fol low: A. M. Austin vs. Tillamook City, appellant; appeal from Tilla mook county; suit to quit title. Opinion by Justice Bean. Decree cf Judge 11. Bagley modified. Ben 8. Fisher, respondent, vs. W. A. Collver, appellant, and J. T. Collver, Max Moore and Moore, de fendants; appeal from Coos coun ty; action to recover money on promissory note. Opinion by Jus tice Belt. .Judge Kendall affirmed. Charles Palmiteer. Rhoda Beaty hand -Daisy Grossman, plaintiffs and .appellants, vs. W. R. Reid; appeal from Clackamas county; suit in volving title to real property. Opinion by Justice Belt. Judge J. Ui. Campbell affirmed. M. iMurray vs. Fireman's Insur ance cmopany of Newark, N. J., appellant; appeal from Multnomah county; appeal from Judgement in favor of plaintiff on fire insurance policy. Opinion by Justice Belt. Judge Robert Tucker affirmed. Elsie M. Hersbey vs. Homer H. Hershey, appellant; appeal from Benton county; suit for di vorce; suit dismissed in opinion by Chief Justice Burnett. - Tone Bockler, plaintiff, vs. J. J." Wurfet defendant and respond- ( Con tinned a pmgm 4.) AL SMITH TO, BE PR0HI Will Make People Ilelleve in 18th Amendment, Says Jorab1 UTICA. N. Y.. March 29. (AP) Governor Alfred E. Smith, of New Yqrk.Jf nominated for president will not only declare for the 18th amendment and its enforcement, hut will mnlm ifta rwnnlA helievn in Mt, United States Senator W'ilHam X Borah, of Idaho, predicted in address here tonight. T'he chairman of the senate -foreign relations committee, speak ing before the Utica republican club, predicted also that the plat form 'to be adopted by the repub lican national party will declare for the. 18th amendment-and its enforcement. SLIDE BLOCKS HIGHWAY Hillside Topples Over on Roose velt Road, Traffic Barred i MARSHFIELD, Ore., March ,2$. (AP) The Roosevelt highway between Marshfield and Coqullle was blocked early today by a slide at China camp, where the road (has been in uncertain condition since the fall of 1925, when the great hill loosened, swept away part of the pavement a,nd covered the Southern Pacific tracks below. The slide today coverd the Southern Pacific tracks for a dis tance of 30 to 40, feet and the highway for a longer distance. Automobiles probably will, be un able to pass before tomorrowl. !; EIGHTEEN MEN ENLIST Announcement of Camp Brings Company Personnel-to CS ? t Designation of the V Gear hart grounds , as . the permanent camp of the Oregon national guard has aided Company B of Salem to en list IS-new men-in JJ "past L few weeks, bringing the company .to tal -to- 9, aocrdig -to-Cpt Pgnl F. Bnxris. ; ' ;. . v:. Af 4.he full gtrengibf the com-; pany is recognized At 55 men only six additional enlistments can ; be I la&en ipr, summercwp ILSOfitlES ileHIBITlDl Ptea Was for Aroused Public Conscience on. Question of Drinking SAYS ATTITUDf WRONG Iaw Alone Not Enopgli to Stop Liquor Traffic, Especially Among Young-People Who ' Are - Most Affected Deniaj'i that he i.s taking: up . ; arms against prohihitfoj. a' was suggested in the headlines. tht accompanied a statement credit ed to him in the Capital Journal, was .made Tuesday evening by J. C. Nelson, principal of the Salem high school, at the same time that local citizens expressed their re gret at -the unfavorable light in , Which Salem students" were' placed by that article. " Nelson's criticism was intended" to- be constructive, be pointed out ; a plea for a more detlnlte and wholesome attitude against . tb liquor traffic, and a warning that -the prohibition law alone will not make the nation, and jiartitula'rjy -the young people, ahHteniou.T Job Not Finished ; The lack of definite convictions, and the laabiHty properly to din- -tinguish in these modern days he- tween what is rtght .and. what' la wrong, are the reasons for the . prevalence more or less ot .liquor drinking among the ypujiger gen- eration, J. C. Nelson declared when interviewed last night re garding his recent stand on the prohibition situation.". " "With the" passage of the prohi bition law," said 'Professor New son,- "people sat tack and felt that the job was finished.' Phey btfllt up a blind devotion ,to'rthIs law, not realizing tnat no .itrwcan:;bs more than a symbol, and Tailed ta 1 continue persistently to ;'reat moral sentiment against drinking. Punsters began to jwkefun at the lkyr. Newspapers made" light ,tC liquor violations. .. Motion . p'ic tdres assumed an air of the jocu lar in depicting scenes of drunk enness. "" " Difference Keen "The result ha been tha ersd- ual building up of ah attitude o indifference on the part of ths Americaa people, and bootleggers ply their nefarious trade with lit tle fear of either moral or legal sanction. "Recently, I bad one of ths young high school fellows In nty Continued oa psrs -) 3APIRO CLAMS i , LOSS QF. INCpME WORK A3IOXG FAIUIKRS RUIN ED BY ARTICXES, ALL6KD lint lUjf Earnings Prior to Pub lication, bttt Hecords lacking . ' DETROIT, tfarch 2. (By The Associated Press, ) Calmly, almost casually, with no triceef -anger or bitterness la his voice, Aaron Saplro told today a federal court Jury his , story of alleged libels by. ; Henry j Ford and the automobile manufacturer's week ly, the Dearborn Independent, ror which he asks $1,000,000. Three - ? sentences .covered it. " One ' revealed a falling off in est income since the Independent pub lished a series of anti-Jewish arti cles, with which Saplro later was , connected. The other two staled that since the alleged ' libelous publications no farmers had call- ' ed upon Bapiro to form them into a cooperative agency and that only three established cooperatives had ' sought his services or advice. ,v . ; than a fday . for- telling -from th wiutn j uum - meager .cuiia hood exlEtence,, life 'In an.ofpSah age; IpriUianuy - la - 'studies and -a quick rise ia professional life. . Such things as his plan for eo- , operatives being, adopted " entirely or in part; in 0 fetatei, his efpear- '" nee,. before, th suprerae ourt f theUnUedSttea..and i'the high courts ;,of 1 & - states and" his ", ad- J dressing ; the Jegtslaturea of i'six. co mm on weal ths, t were" : touched upon as incidents v : ; " "V" i .iost lot the day ; was -devoted, , howeverir tot argument over ths.le - 1 - !