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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 20, 1927)
Pages I to 8
CLEAN AND VilGOROUS
SALEM, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 20, 1927
PRICE FIVE CENTS;
DASH FOR WEALTH MADE IN DIAMOND FIELDS '
"HAVE FAITH IFJ .
CHIi" IS PLEfl
HIDDEN CITY FOUND IN WEST
SPEAKS I CIA
mm i s ora
Informal Talk on the Condi
tions Prevailing in That
War Torn Country
By Edna Garfield
Supplementing a delightful din
ner given by the Business and
Professional women of the . First
Congregational church recently, a
group of members and guests of
that organization heard a very .in
teresting Interpretation 01 the
events leading up to the present
crisis in China, by one of her bril
liant countrymen, Mr. John Tsal,
a Willamette senior, -who antici
pates, after a course at Yale, re
turning to his native land to de
vote his life to his people.
Not only is Mr. Tsal thoroughly
conversant with conditions in the
Orient, but is also an alert student
of International affairs. He re
counted the awakening of China
from her centuries of sleep, and
now looking for something to
bring peace in the, midst of her
great distress. He cited the con
flicting press reports regarding
present war conditions there; due,
doubtless, to the various factions
from whence the foreign corres
pondents derive their Information.
"No one knows just what happen
ed yesterday, today, or what will
happen tomorrow," he said, "for
the Information we do get leaves
us in uncertainty."
In order to understand China
nationally, we must know some
thing of her traditions, her phil
osophy, and her commercial and
cultural development, he said.
"Generally speaking, the ter
rible civil war now raging there is
a conflict between the old China
and the new, the latter of which
is but just-in the process of being
born." And much of the interest
and peace of the world, he opined,
depends upon the trend of its de
velopment. Religions of China
' He briefly analysed Chinese civilization-"
two leading elements In
i ftp development 6t which have
y ifrten Confucianism and-Baddnlsm,
the former being a moral philos
ophy which follows the "golden
rule" In the negative; th latter.
Introduced- into China from India',
embodying the belief In reincarna
tion, that is, the passing of the
human soul into animals and In
sects, believing that some day, in
turn .the soul of every animal
will develop Into human form.
He emphasized the distinction
between. Christianity and the Ori
ental religions in that Christianity
carries out helpful educational
and social, religious and relief
work throughout the worts.
He also mentioned the keen dis
appointment of Christianized
(Continued on ojje 7.)
One Paper Contained Orig
inal Minutes of Conven
tion in Augusta
of Button Gwinnett,
one of the
signers of the Declaration of Inde
pendence, has come back to help
Georgia recover valuable histori
cal documents lost for a century
Ever since the state filed claim
in a New York court to a wlli,
which carries' the signature of
Gwinnett, sold at auction last
summer for $22,500, hundreds of
the papers have been returned al
most as mysteriously as they were
taken, says Miss Ruth Blair, state
"No questions asked," is the one
f condition most persons asked in
returning the documents. Others
mailed them anonymously.
The Gwinnett will had been in
the state's files at one time, the
attorney general contends, and
was reported lost about 25 years
A number of the papers has
thrown a new light on the colonial
period of Georgia. One contains
' original minutes of the conven
ywtn, called in December, 1787, at
4 ji tut ion, "Among others were two
J Augusta, for the purpose of rati
fying the newly born federal con
different drafts of the state's first
, constitution, as well as the min
utes of three conventions-called" to
' convert the English colony into ah
independent state. ' '
Another is the' appraisers report
I 1771 of the personal estate of
, Bev George Whitfield; founder' of
America's first permanent orphan
age ' in Savannah.- He - listed.
among other things, a' book of ad
vice to young girls of that day and
49 slaves, whose biblical names
tanged ffo JAdnj $5 Catg
SEEN IN DOCUMENT
' . .j' ' . j. 7 f. v.v.-,- v . . y. ... ; .;' 1 .- ..,. . ,
' V-" . ; V " - - -
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A group of diamond rushers
at Pochefstroom, South Africa.
10,000 persons from all walks of
CIVE SCHOOL ITEMS
Excellent Descriptions Some
Classroom Work Given
' ' by Pupils
"Pringle Snappy IlreezeV
Editor, Myrtle Pearsall; assist
ant editor, Ruth Wright. Report
ers: Marjorie Smith,
Sealey, Everett Clark,
Where the lakes and streams are
Where the flowers bloom the
Where the moss grows small and
Where the bluest skies are seen
Where the buttercup and daisies
Out in the field of a -summer
All things are happy small and
They are here, God gave them
By Marjorie Smith,
Pupil of sixth grade.
Seventh and Eight Grades
Myrtle Pearsall. Gladys Sealey,
Ruth Wright and Ruth Stapleton
have neither been absent nor
tardy this year.
We 'have just learned a poem
For arithmetic we are learning
to draw to scale.
In geography we have complet
ed the study of Africa, and are
now studying Australia.
In English we are parsing nouns
The eighth grade has complet
ed a poem entitled, VS'envoir."
The sixth grade is studying the
north central states at the present
The sixth grade is learning a
poem entitled "The Psalm of Life"
by Henry W. Longfellow.
The sixth grade pupils are im
proving greatly in arithmetic.
The sixth grade pupils are now
studying how disease germs are
spread, in hygiene.
The sixth grade pupils afe
ahead in Oregon history and will
not have to recite for a few days.
The students of Pringle school
have formed a team for basket
ball, and are hoping to play an
other school soou.
The sand table has been turned
into a small farm, having a house,
trees, moss, duck and fish pond,
horses,' cows, and birds. Even the
children are getting the fever of
working the soil.
Felicia Foster was absent Mon
day with poison oak.
Each week (In the primary
room) a boy or girl is appointed
to act as policeman. The duties
are to see that there is no whis
pering in the halls or schoolroom,
that the desks and floors are kept
clean, and that no one turns
( Continued on Tf 8.)
Flying Holds No Terrors:
for European Ambassadors
PARIS. (AP) Flying' has no
terrors for most of Europe's diplo
mats who travel often -by air in
the interests of time saving.
Ambassador Herrick, America's
representative in France, Is one
of the most enthusiastic users of
commercial airplanes. He prefers
air: travel to any other, although
he has not always found it calm:
He recently was in a forced land
ing trf 'i. trip' td'London. ' ;
London and Paris are now only
twd hours apart by air-route, as
opposed to soren hourby- boat
photographed waiting for the flag to be dropped in the dash for claims
The opening up of the region for claims to "diamond land" attracted
Jazz Bands Being Taxed
to Death in Bucharest
BUCHAREST. (AP) It costs
two dollars a minute to dance the
Charleston during thf dinner hour
here and hence marly jazz bands
are on their way to oher lands.
The Prefect of Police is taxing
the "new" dance out of existence.
The Charleston is in disfavor for
many reasons but the wise old
chief, general trades Nicoleaunu,
knowing human nature, did not
forbid the dance. He received
protests against the Charleston
but put taxes on all dance estab
lishments. His license fees are
$120 an hou from 7 to 9 o'clock,
which hits the retaurants; $16 an
hour from 9 until midnight; and
$32 an hour thereafter.
Astoria $feo,000 sulphate
pulp mill to be erected here to be
known as Asjoria Box & Paper
( Peace f fik
Two Hundred Mile Book Shelf
Two hundred miles of shelves would be required to file the
documents which have a claim to be preserved as source material
for the Economic and Social History of tbjlTT rld War. This
history of the war's effect upon the normaPyiucesses of civiliza
tion is being prepared by the Carnegie Endowment for Internat
Thirty-five miles of shelving would be required for the British
archives alone. 1 "
Every inch of these miles is packed with documents, two or
three hundred to the inch. Many of these docunr'pts are housed
in the Peace palace at the Hague, Holland, which was the gift of
the late Andrew Carnegie
A pioneer enterprise of
been undertaken by the Carnegie
Endowment for International
Peace in compiling the most com
plete social and economic' history
of the World war. This, is the
first attempt that has been made
to analyze- war in such a funda
mental and far reaching" manner.
The vast work of compiling data
is now under way in order that
this unique history may show the
effects of war upon the social and
economic life of all nations. The
history will he embodied in 175
The' present undertaking had" Its
begfrinlng In' 1911 Wheii'the then
newly1 created' bivision'or Ecohmv'
ics and ilistnry of Nthe Carnegie
Endowment' held "a- conference' of
economists' and toublielsts'at Berne
Early In!th'e war, at the- request
p rrefS3or 7oha -Bates C!arks
In Addition to Hay an$ Grain
Many Other Commodi- .
ties Handled by Body
The Oregon grain inspection de
partment, which is operated un
der the dirtcetion of the state
market agent, weighed and in
spected into docks and elevators
at Portland and Astoria during
Uie year 1926 a total of 41,326.
532 bushels of wheat, 1,626,047
bushels of oats. 127,892 bushels
of barley, 904,371 bushels of corn
and 33,627 bushels of. mixed feed
C f nntimied on pace 7.)
ec?s men 10mm
. U ratest
great Proressor James T. Shotwell out
has lined plans for a general survey of
"the extent of the displacement
caused by the war in the normal
process of civilization." but the
actual work was not begun until
arter the signing of the Treaty of
Versailles, four' years later.
'National KdJtorfal Boards
The first step was the selection
of Professor Shotwell as general
editor and the appointment of ad
visory boards in every country in
the world. In the case of smaller
nations a' single editor was named.
Thes boards are com posed of not
ed statesmen and economists and
inclnde among others Edouard national life, which are published mer premier of France who con
llerriot. former premier of Prance Iff the language of their country triDutes an article on the econ-
President Masaryk 6f Czcho-SIov-
akfa; Hert' Max Sering; head of
the Technical Economic "comtnfs-
ston of the German war officer
Baron SaKatanl, former minister
of' Finance of japan, VGnstar
'Baner, cx-chanccller of Germany;
Hundredth Anniversary to
Be Observed With Pro
grams Master's Voice
America will resound with Bee
thoven's music when the 100th
anniversary of the composer's
death is celebrated on March 20
to 26. The observance of Bee
thoven Week will enlist schools,
churches, libraries and various
civic agencies. Other community
co-operation will come from radio
stations, motion picture theaters,
book and art shops and music
dealers. The centennial is being
developed from national head
quarters in New York City, with
a national advisory body having
George Eastman as chairman. An
artists' advisory body of interna
tionally known musicians is also
giving support to the project.
Among the recent additions .to
that committee are Maurice Ravel
and Vincent d'ndy.
Local Beethoven Week commit
tees are being organized to ad
minister the observance in the dif
ferent cities. These committees
and other participating groups are
obtaining information or printed
matter, on the subject from the
national headquarters. That ma
terial may be had without charge
upon , application to Beethoven
,,Week, 1819 Broadway, New York
City. It includes such items as a
centennial essay or oration on
Beethoven written by Daniel
Gregory Mason; a brochure con
taining an analysis of the works
of Beethoven, and a phonographic
record explaining a part of the
"Eroica" symphony and. with Wal
ter Damrosch playing the chief
themes at the piano. There is
also a centennial sermon or lec
ture on the religious aspects of
Beethoven's art, and material for
air William II. Beveridge, direc-
tor of the London school of econ-
omics, and John Maynard Keynes'
leader in the movement to revise
the Versailles Treaty. At least
twenty-five of the collaborators
have held the rank of cabinet
ministers to their governments.
The boards are responsible for
the compilation of data into mon-
ographs. Two types . of mono
graphs are included: first, special-
ized studies of single sections " of
of origin; thereby appealing to a'
wide circle of 'European readers'.
and second,' general surveys of.
larger topics,, which are traaslat
ed with a definite regard for the
needs of readers In Eagliah-speak-
ins countries, ' '.
Zl U I
x V I I T
Donald Crabtree and One of the Stones Taken "From Ancient
Wall. A Section of the Wall Also Is Shown
- Exclusive Central Press Dispatch
RAPID CITY, S. D. What manner of pre-historic folk
centuries and centuries ago inhabited the Black Hills and Bad
Lands of South Dakota and erected great walls of masonry
which have stood for all the intervening centuries between
the time of their annihilation and the present?
Was this region once the center of a civilization as far ad
vanced and as flourishing as the Mayan civilization of Yuca
tan? These are two of the questions which today are exciting
an address by a mayor or other
city official at some civic com
memoration. Copies of typical
programs for schools, church con
certs, Y. M. C. A., chambers of
(Continued on page 4.)
Special emphasis is laid upon
the chief national problems of the
countries. described and a striking
picture is presented of the extent
, to' yhich the 'wartime social and
economic life of the neutral states
resembles that of the belligerents.
Kach Country Studfcd ",t
Vast as the work Ant U has de
newiy created Division of Econom-
: cooperation which Is ' literally
amazing"."' 1 Edouard 'Herriot, ; for-
OttW history of Ljons, -writes:
"Before" getting to work I have
earnestly ehdeavored to under-
stand the Intentions of our Amer-i
lean friends. If I Interpret: them
rightly their purpose Is to fight
was 9tberwl3e by vIa oratory."-
M - -
j) J cJamos T
thousands of folk and have wrin
kled the brows of many archaeolo
gists, geologists and historians.
The cause oT their excitement is a
hidden "walled city,", ruins of
which have been uncovered in a
small valley seven miles south of
Five years ago, the owner of the
land upon which the discovery was
made, was plowing around the side
of a small slope in the valley wjien.
h"e plowshare suddenly struck
something and turned it over. The
owner and his assistant, Delance
Crabtree found it to be a stone
a mason. Beneath it there was an
that appeared to have been cut by
other stone, shaped exactly like
the first, and beneath that still
another of the same .shape and
size. The owner rubbed hi3 hands
He was building a new ranch
house and needed foundation
stone, and this material was cut
"to order." With a shovel, the
assistant dug up a few more. and
the hidden city was forgotten.
About a year ago Delance spoke
to his brother, Donald, about the
stones. Donald long has been in
terested in archaeology and got
his brother to take him to the
spot. He viewed it silently, got
a lease on the ground, and ever
6ince has been industriously work
ing. These are the results of his
A doorway and arch have been
A wall of splendid masonry
more than 250 feet Jong, each
stone of which was laid in the
manner employed in brick and
stone masonry today, that is.
with "broken" Joints, has been
revealed. o far the excavation
has gone down 10 feet and the
bottom of the wall has not yet
been reached, .
At one end of the wall there
has been uncovered a right
angled corner, with some of the
face of the wall on the second
side revealed by the diggers.
The stones in the wall are uniform
in size and shape and crumbling
mortar' is found between them.
Each stone weighs about 250 to
In addition, a bit of paved
"floor" has been exposed about
300 feet from the wall. In a Bpot
considerably below that on the
side of the hill -where the wall
stands, and some distance farther
( Continued on page 4.)
Strive to Eliminate
Odd Sizes in US Mail
WASHINGTON. AP) odd
sizes 6f . mail matter cause a rift
In theemooth running of the pos
tal, machine. As a result, ' the
postal authorities are striving to
eliminate from the mails the large
and small Christmas, New Year,
Easter and other sQecial cards.
Progress . .has been made but In
structions have gone out to post
masters to continue their efforts
with' manufacturers and distribu
tors1 to keep their cards within
reasonable size. The smallest "size
recommended is 2 by 4 inches;
the largest jty Jnches. , , ;
Cards and letters beyond those
limits are 'objectionable because
they cannot be run," through can
celling machines, requiring hand
postmarking and other extra
Methodist Mission Heads"
; Advise Their People in
(Dr. 'John. R. Edwards, corres
ponding, secretary of the Board of
Foreign Missions, and Mrs. Thom
as Nicholson, president Of the
Woman's Foreign Missionary soci
ety (wife of Bishop Thomas
Nicholson) of the Methodist Epis
copal church, have sent an offi
cial statement to the churches and
newspapers of America under the
title, "Have Faith In China,"
which reads as follows:) ' ?
Our missionaries are not fleeing
from China. They are not being
driven out of China. They are
not being recalled by the Board
of Foreign Missions. Their work
is far from finished. ' 1
Christianity and Christian mis
sions are not dead in China. There
have been no known deflections
of Christian Chinese to other
faiths. Our Investments In church-,
es, in schools, in hospitals ; still
stand. Colleges and universities
are generally maintaining normal
We are In constant touch' with.'
our bishops and our missionaries
by cable and by letter. How do
these men appraise the situation?
What do they say of the status of
our mission work In China? Do
their facts bear out' or refute
statements of mission collapse
coming frem a - Tp newspaper
sensationalists in China? Here are
The Board of Foreign Missions
of the Methodist Episcopal' churcTv
has 326 missionaries to' Chittst;'
the Woman's Foreign Missionary
Bocfety has 234. ' 1
Of this numBer 4 SO ate iu their
usual places of service. " '' '
Eleven missionaries br-'the"
Board and six women of the socie
ty are now en route to the i tJnlted
States. They are coming' home
this year on furlough. They are
not refugees.- 'They expect trf" re
turn to China after furlough.
Twenty-two missionaries of the
Board have gone to Manila. Their
are mostly mothers with ' child
ren. Most' of the husbands ah4
fathers are remaining"" at ' their
posts in China. Nine women ' ot
the Society are In Manila.' They
all hope to return.
Thirty-six missionaries of the
Board and nine of the Society
from the interior towns of isolated
West China have temporarily gone
to Shanghai on the advice of Am- '
. . (Continued o par 0,)
OlOGlPi NOTED :
Montana Newspaper Man
Selected to Write About
Famous Cowboy Artist
GLACIER PAItK, Mon. (Spe
cial) Dan R. Conway, well'
known Montana newspaper man,'
has chosen to write the biography
of the late Charles Russell who
was Internationally known as the
"cowboy artist." Russell's paint
ings today are hanging in most of
the principal art galleries of the
United States and Europe.
June 1st Conway will move his
family from Great Falls, Mont.,
to the Russell log cabin on the
shore ot Lake McDonald in. Gla
cier Park, where the book will be
written unuer me personal super
vision of Mrs. Russell. Conway' .
is regarded as the one man who
has the writing ability and sympa
thetic touch to give to this work.
m purpose oi Airi. jtusseu
will 6e to have the biography1 re
flect the personality of the artist,
expressing the great theme ot his
life as he might have expressed
them. In addition, it will be a
chronology of Mr. Russell's carerr,
his early boyhood and the affairs
and events which came Into1 his
coionui "re. Tne Diograpny win
be distinguished by a simplicity of
style, harmonizing with the ' ary
tlst's temperament and that which) ',
he held to- be most beautiful la
the scheme of things.
Late paintings and bronzes by"
Russell recently -were shown In a'
memorial exhibit at Santa Bar-
bara, Cal., under the' auspices of
tne Tsanta Barbara , Art v League.
While Mr. Russell was not a mem-
ber of tho league, he was sf rfone
friend to "the artists and member
enrolled In this organization. The'
exhibit consisted largely of paint J
Ings loaned by Mrs.-Russell and
other owners of Russell's works.;
Eighteen of the artist's parnting
were hung In the -exhibit room'
comprising a representative nI
lection. The bronzes displayed in
eluded more than 24 : modelings
which were loaned by 'Mrs.