The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, January 04, 1927, Page 1, Image 1

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    rod ay
vO"? PFJUQ g Lead i ng Authority Thinks Prune Organization of all Interested Parties Should Be Coabt Wic!o
- .WEATHER FORECAST: . Cloudy over
east and unsettled with occasional rain orer
west portion, continued jnlld ; moderate to
fresh sooth and southwest' winds. Maxi
mum yesterday, 55; minimum, 46; river,
rising;; rainfall, .5T: total for storm,
1.75; atmosphere, cloudy; wind; southeast.
mm mmmmm
Amundsen Is said to be nlanninp n. trtn
around the world by flviiur over both nnio
He may be all right in his calculations, "but
it seems to us taat it would be a lot easier
to go the other way around.
.MMi.i.llli.Wl ! I.. ,
Congressmen pensored for
Setting Poor Example by
Excessive Drinking
Senators CopeVan - and , . Bruce,
Democrat, Assail. Prohibition
Measure', as Iiutooral
and indecent"
The controTersy - oyr deaths
during the holiday . season from
the drinking of poisoned! alcohol
reached both the .senate and house
floors today, as soon as congress
reconvened. ,
: At both ends of the capltol the
personal eonduct of members in
the obserrance" lot the dfy Jaw was
questioned, and before , sundown
the discussion had reached the
trMinrr. where . both Secretary
Mellon and Lincoln C. Andrews,
the prohibition enforcement chief,
issued statements.
While Representative ' Cellar,
democrat. New York, Vi accus
ing his colleagues in the house of
"drinking to excess," Senator Ed
wards,' democrat. New Jersey, la a
lengthy speech In the senate was
condemning "the "hypocrisy of
some of the representatives of the
people who vote dry- and drink
wet." , - :
Cellar declared that - members
of both house and senate "drink
to excess, and called upon them
to keep poison out of industrial
eohol to protect those "who ape
During the day both houses
were also called upon in bills and
resolutions to take cognizance of
the industrial alcohol situation. '
Another proposal by Represen
tative Pairchild, republican, New
York, would ask congress to call.
to the attention of federal officials
that "there is no such thing as
legalized murder," and that any
federal official who causes : pois
on to be used in denatured alco
hol does so upon his own responsi
bility and his own risk.
' ' On the floor the drys let the
wets do most of, the talking al
though Senator Sheppard, demo
crat, Texas, defended the use of
Wood alcohol as a denaturant and
said that the "lamentable deaths
from indulging In ' industrial al-
' (CosUnad b pg 3.)
American Sailors Held Blocking
Efforts to Restore Gov
ernment WASHINGTON, jab. 3- (AP)
Contending that the Diaz gov
ernment in Nicaragua never
should have been recognized by
the United States j Senator Wheel
er, democrat tyontan, introduced
a resolution today demanding Im
mediate withdrawal of the Ameri
can naval forces from' that coun
try. ' " .
The measure charged that the
American sailors and marines
were blocking fh efforts of "Dr,
3 uan Sacasa to restore- constitu
tional government, " .
The order of Rear Admiral
Latimer in declaring Puerto Ca
he zas a neutral cone and the estab
lishment of a. censorship ? there
were cited as ''hindrances' to the
Sacasa movement's 'success.
The Diaz government, it was
charged In the, resolution, was II-
ii-Kauy eiectea ana."u must nave
been apparent jtp ihe state depart
n jfnt that Diaz could not maintain
y 'stable government without the
tV14 of . , American gunboats . and
merican . marines., " . ' . . t ;
Dr. T. S. .Vica, Washington rep
resentative 4of JSaca8a,v in; state
nif nt asserted .that ,'rnot, a single
Mexican officer is' to be found tin
Sacasas rarmy,! bat at the same
tlmo declared .thef sailing the
United i Fruit company's! 8nip
Abangaria'.wUh Un airplano and
wiuus ,ior xav i V1 iorcos"wa
ample Justification tor any1 assist-
' whfch, might be given to Sa
casa byvexico3 The Abangaria
is sam to have sailed from jsew
Orleans on December 29 to the
rRnyEs jcxjusT, he says
FareweU Speech Given Before Sa
lem Chamber of Commerce
"Criticism that has been direct
ed at me ai 1 nirnnlnr AAr Arn
haf been mostly unjust,' sid Gov-
tsrjiyr, w axier m. inerce in a rare
well 'address before the Salem Kl
wanis club at its Monday noon
. Governor nerce stated that his
so-called pardons were mostly re
prieves' given to liquor law viola
tors' wio had served their time,
and who then were faced with ihe
necessity of serving out cash fines.
I reprieved these men only at
the requests of the county judges
and district attorneys, and then
because they had families which
they could be made to support.'
Some men had been reprieved
thus as many aa five times, the
governor stated.
"I don't know whether the su
preme court would say I had a
rlghf to do this lawfully," he con
tinued,' "but I myself believe it
was legal. Attorney General Van
Winkle! told me it was legal. I
know that Judge Skipworth said
ft was illegal, but I have done it
anywayj with a clear conscience."
" Governor Pierce has not paroled
or freed one murderer during his
four years of office, he said. Only
one man charged with murder was
freed, and this only because the
governor was convinced he was in
nocent of the crime.
I personally believe in capital
punishment.' I can condemn a
man to hang and sleep just as well
the next night."
Four years from now the state
penitentiary will be a self-supporting
institution, the governor ad
ded, in praising John Quinland,
superintendent of prison indus
tries. "My predecessor warped me to
stay out of the linen game," he
sUted, fbut I! km glad l did not
follow his advfee:- We have ihadef
a success of the flax plant in spite
of the fact we have been forced to
sell on a"f ailing market: J
"One 'of the Wat features of the
prison .industries, I believe, is fn
keeping the convicts at work. It
helps keep the penitentiary from
being a breeder of crime."
Governor Pierce believes his
work in ' supressing irrigation
' (Ontiaaad ob paf S.)
Two' Released to Portland Officers
on Monday
Ed L. Phillips and Miss L. L.
Kidder, arrested here Sunday
morning ic possession of an auto
mobile stolen from Portland Sat
urday night, were released to
Portland' police yesterday. The
two were arrested at Eighteenth
and Court streets at 3 o'clock in
the morning.
When arrested Phillips gave the
name of Kidder, showing a driv
er's license that Miss Kidder is
said to have taken from her
brother. .
Mercury 40 Below as FireWipes
. Out Only Store in Town
WISEMAN, Alaska, Jan. 3.
(AP) With the mercury at 40
below, Wiseman tonight was de
pendent for its supplies oh the
town of Bettles, 50 miles away. ,
A 140,000 fire today destroyed
this camp's only store, and an ad
joining warehouse.'' About i00
persons live here. . ,
Associated Prss
Congress reconvened.
The house received the naval
supply bill. t . ; '
The agricultural appropriation
bill was reported to the senate.
; Florida's challenge' of the fed
eral inheritance tax-fwas thrown
cut by the supreme court. .
' Senator -Wheeler proposed im
mediate withdrawal o(r American
naval forces from 'Nicaragua.
Ttfe supreme court consented to
review , tha v legality of Harry . F
Sinclalr's Teapot Dome oil lease.
. , , : - - . - - .
f'nnbrress and the treasury con
sidered the poisoned alcohol prob
lem in the light qtihouaay tataii
ties. u ,
' A split developed In Uks senate
over the qnesrton of eeating Frank
U Smith, senator-designate from
Plan Brewfmg to Demand
Elevation of Guns on
! American Battleships
Senator Johnson Asserts TJ. S.
''Outgeneraled in Arms Con-
. f erenco" and Present
Strength Inferior
! WASHINGTON, Jan. 3.-(AP)
I-Drawing a barrage of criticism
of the American navy from both
sides of the capitol, the naval ap
propriation bill was reported to
ay to the house. The 'verbal
shells were merely range finders
for concerted attacks to be; deliv
ered whet? 'ihe measure carrying
114,552,680 for activities during
the next fiscal year runs the block
ade of big navy men in both
While the bill still was In the
safe harbor of the appropriations
committee before the j house met,
a jplan was brewing among naval
committee members to demand
elevation of the guns of Ameri
can battleships to equal the firing
range of British and Japanese war
That certain members of the
committee were preparing to ask
congress to authorize gun eleva
tion, was disclosed "by Chairman
Butler, who declared he would
(Ceatinuad ' ca pan 5.)
i t" -
Police to Invest igate Case, Ink and
and Pen Found
Alfred E. Allison Is being held
by the local police for. investiga
tion in connection with an attempt
to 'pass worthless checks at local
clothing stores yesterday after
noon. Allison was arrested at a room
ing house last night at 6 o'clock
on information furnished by one
of the clothing houses. Pen and
ink were found in his possession.
Police say that Allison attempt
ed to cash a check on the Ladd
and Bush bank at each store. The
check was for $22.50. j
When attempts " to cash : this
proved unsuccessful, I Allison is
said to have tried another one for
$10. The checks were made out
to Allison, 7 with a signature he
said was bis brother's.
1 VfT wttATS THE. OX
. '. . , . ! I. ' ' ' : ' - ' - " i - - - - - - - r
Upper House Kept Guessing as to
When Candidate Will Take
Oath of Office
A wide open split over the ques
tion of temporary seating of Frank
I.. Smith as a senator from Illi
nois, while his credentials are be
ing investigated, developed today
in the senate. '
Republican leaders had hoped
this might "be done, but democrats
in conference found themselves in
substantial agreement that Gover
nor Small's appointee should be
barred from the senate until after
the elections committee holds a
hearing and makes a report.
Smith, appointed to fill the un
expired term of the late Senator
McKinley, whom he defeated n
the Illinois primary last spring,
still kept the senate guessing its
to when, if at all, he would, pre
sent himself to take the oath. i
Senator Deneen, republican, Il
linois, who returned to Washing
ton today from his state after con
ferences with Smith and Small,
gave little encouragement to re
publican leaders who had request
ed him to plead with the appointee
to refuse the appointment. Thef
had told him to tell Mr. Smith
that there was small chance of his
being permitted to serve out the
McKinley term because of contri
butions to his primary campaign
(Continued oh page 3.)
Commission Form and Manager
Form Under Inrestigation
Both city manager and the com
mission form of city government
will be investigated by a commit
tee to be appointed by Mayor T. A.
Livesley. A report introduced at
the council last night suggested
investigation of the commission
form of government.
A motion was made and acted
on enlarging the report to Include
an investigation of the city man
ager system also. The mayor was
authorized to appoint a committee
of two aldermen and seven repre
sentative citizens to prepare a re
vised city charter. ,
Japanese Charterers of Tanker
Hunt for Overdue Vessel
TOKYO, Jan. 3. (AP) The
British oil tanker Toco, destined
from San Pedro, Cal. to Yokohama
is two weeks overdue. The Mit
subishi interests, charterers 6f the
tanker, have dispatched a ship to
search for the missing vessel.
The Toco is a craft of 4,286 net
tons and is owned by the Sheridan
Steamsrilp company of London.
l-ubllsher of California Fruit
News Relieves in Combining
Coast Work
J Editor Statesman:
Since writing last there have
been some developments in the
prune situation. A meeting is now
called for Wednesday afternoon.
Just what is going to be attempt
ed at that meeting I do not know.
I hope It will be well attended byH
prune growers. As I can not well
attend, I am taking this oppor
tunity of further expressing my
self to my fellow prune growers.
The Only Way
I hold that the trouble in the
industry is disastrous price cut
ting by the various packers and
selling agencies to the trade in
general. That since the packer?
are not permitted by federal law
to organize to eliminate this prac
tice that the only way open is
for the growers to organize and
fix their selling price. That this
can only be done by the growers
holding title and ownership of the
prunes until they are possessed by
the Jobber, thus eliminating the'l
point of price cutting.
This Is Fundamental
I hold it to be fundamental that
the best way to prevent price cut
ting is to make price cutting un
profitable. I believe that the plan
offered in The Statesman of De
cember 18 1926 would do that.
Mr. Drager's plan does not seem
to nie to eliminate the profit or
advantage to be at all times gain
ed by price cutting, and for this
reason I believe it would fail. Mr.
Drager in reply says it is the only
plan he has that would permit the
packer to pay direct to the grower
in delivery. I agree with htm on
that point. If under hisjan it
will be' possible to control , the
price it is a good plan. But I am
truly sorry not to have faith in it.
The grower loses the vital point
of .jipntrol when he .giveajaver
ownership, and the pi-ice cutting
goes merrily on ; the first fellow to
sell would fare well, but the last
poor fellow sure would be in bad,
and all cannot be first. Nor not
even a majority.
Those Who Hold Ont
The average grower who has not
in the past affiliated with some
cooperative movement has gener
ally held out for two reasons:
First, that he would join only if
all or nearly all others would do
so, and, second, that be wants hia
money on delivery.
To the first I would say that my
plan : contemplates just 100 per
cent of the growers marketing
under the plan, neither more nor
To the second, that no cooper
ative plan ever will permit pay
ment in full on delivery. But thai
(Continued on par 4.)
Anti-Foreign Speeches at
New Year's Celebration
Incite Coolies
Latest Attack One of Long Series
of Demonstrations Staged in
Recent Months Against
Whites in China
HANKOW, Jan. 3 (AP) A
handful of British fighting men,
without firing a shot, held in
check today an infuriated mob of
several thousands Chinese coolies
that attempted to charge into the
British concession district of this
city of interior China.
Incited by anti-British speeches
at a New Year's celebration on
the banks of Yangtse river, the
horde of yelling Chinese moved
against the British quarter. In
their path were a few British po
licemen, and they stood their
ground when stoned while 20
sailors of British warships in the
Yangtse joined the policemen.
They fixed bayonets to their
rifles, and they used their rifles
as clubs in exchanging blows with
the charging mob, but they did
not fire. Marines, hastily landed,
reinforced the little British party.
Three of the British sailors de
fending the concession were
wounded and taken to hospitals.
Twenty coolies bore down on one
sailor, wrested his rifle from him
and bayonetted him. Using long
pales, the Chinese badly beat two
other sailors.
For more than four hours the
thin British line held, protecting
their civilian men, women and
children kinfolk. Then, at night
fall, came belated relief. From
the native section of Hankow or
from Wuchang, across the river
where the Cantonese government
has its headquarters, came Chi
nese soldiers who dispersed the
(AP) The attack today upon the
British concession at Hankow is
one of a lone series of anti-foreign
demonstrations of recent months
ih'China. American, British and
French warships have been fired
upon in the Yanktse river while
protecting foreigners in the inter
ior of China. Missionaries have
been kidnaped, and much prop
erty of foreigners has been de
stroyed. The British have been the chief
objects of attack. An incident at
Wanhsten, far up the "Yangtse,
last September sharpened the hos
tility of the Chinese toward them.
Forty British naval men oh a
small unarmed boat went to the
rescue of Britishers held prisoner
by Chines northern soldiers on
two British merchant vessels
which the Chinese had seized.
They succeeded In taking off the
captives despite heavy fire by the
Chinese soldiers. Twenty or more
of the British were killed or
The British gunboat Cockchafer
replied to the Chinese fire. Ac
counts differ as to the effect. The
British official version was that
the Chinese suffered approximate
ly 339 casualties In killed and
wounded, of whom 200 were sol
diers, the others being civilians
struck by stray missiles. The
Chinese asserted that the British
fired into "the city of Wanhsien,
killing upward of 2000 Chinese.
Son-ln-Law Questioned About
; Slaying of Wealtihy Widow '
-' HEMPSTEAD, N. Y., Jan. 3.
(AP) Harold Franklin Webster,
son-in-law of Mrs. Catherine Cal
laway, wealthy widow," who was
found murdered 'here today, was
taken Into "custody tonight1 f or
questioning. .'..His : mother '- told
Nassau county detectives": that
Webster had come to her home to
day ; wjt&iaa old coat, asktegher
to destroy it. She said she burned
The mother. Mrs. Alice Garrison
bfi Brooklyn; said that U Webster
which, he said-war too shabby to
wear longer. She. was brought
hexe t of questioning. Z , .
' District Attorney Elvln N. .Ed
wards sail that Webster was ar-
restedat the Pennsylvania station,
New- York, as he ; was about ' to
Calvin White, Cold and Hungry,
But Suffering no HI Effects ,
When Found
PORTLAND, Jan. 3. (AP-).
Calvin White, 16,-ob of the two
youths who became lost In a blix-
zard on the slopes of Mt. Hood
Saturday, was found tonight by a
searching ; party headed by Earl
Hammond, veteran tracker. White
had found shelter under a log and
was waiting' there tor the storm
to cease. j ' '
The White boy apparently suf
fered no ill effects from his two-
day tramp through, the Mt. Hood
blizzard, his rescuers said, al
though he was cold and hungry.
Hammond, who led the rescuers,
has had wide experience in Alaska
as a dog team driver. Bill Faub
ion of Rhododendron, a member
.of Hammond's party, is thought
to be- the first to actually reach
White. The boy was placed on
the dog sled and taken tt Gov
ernment Camp, a'nd later brought
to Portland.
No trace had been found late to
night of Leslie Brownlee, 20, the
other lad lost in the blizzard. Although-
he became lost higher up
on the mountain, where weather
conditions were most severe, the
searchers received much encour
agement at the finding of White,
and believed that Brownlee may
still be alive and safe, as he was
more warmly dressed, was more
experienced in the open and had
enough food for at least two
Young- White is the son of Dr.
and Mrs. Calvin S. White of Port
land, and is a student at Wash
ington high school.
Man Sustained Injuries When Car
- . Collided With Stage J .
Pedro Baluyot, 40, died here this
morning as a result of injuries
suffered in an automobile acci
dent at Canby Friday,-when a car
in which he was riding 'collided
with a stage. Baluyot received
internal injuries and a compound
fracture of the arm. It was first
thought that Joseph Solomon, also
a member of the party, was the
most seriously injured, as he re
ceived a fractured skull, but he
was abl e to'leavja the hospital for
Independence today.
The accident occurred when the
car hit a stage pulling away from
the terminal at Canby. .
Osborne - Fails to Get off Track
Before . P, Engine
Don Osborne, 26, was instantly
killed when bit by a Southern Pa
cific engine a mrile and a half
north of Marion station yesterday
afternoon at 4 o'clock. Osborne
was one of a section gang moving
a handcar off ; the track, and did
not get out of the engine's way
in time.
The engine had., no train at
tached, it was learned. Osborne's
body was removed to Jefferson.
He was a stepson of James Trus
ter, who died recently at Salem.
He is survived by a sister, Mrs.
Tom Winn of Snake River, Wash.,
and by a half-sister, Mrs. S. G.
Small of Cheshire, Or.
v.- j t .
Owner of Largo Poultry Farm Dies
When Car Turns' Turtle
SANTA ROSA Cal., Jan. 3.
AP) F. 'Wesley" Corliss, 39, and
owner of the Corliss poultry farm
In the. Wilson district near Peta
luma.'was' fatally injured tonight
when an automobile he was driv
ing skidded into a ditch9' and then
turned oyer west of Petaluraa. v
Corliss Is Survived by a widow
and two children. Residents of
this . . district j claim the Corliss
poultry farm, with 50,000 hens, is
the .largest in thd ; world-,
Date .oh Magda -
t .- v., - - -:- -: -v - .
. - -l '. J l "' '$:
- fj Berths Kalish - was ; booked '
-fpr Portland bnTbursday-eve-
ning, the. t tliTherB"iwas a'
. mistake-thereind Salem got'
this: date, on Magda by ;
BerthaVJ Kalisnlthe ;wrITjr
greatest ill vlhg 'emotional ,
tressij Shecplays In ? Seattle, V
S41em Eugeae-f-tb11-' to :, San
Francisco At ithe Elainorel
and ; no doubt ito-.J a- j packed
ey Din
All Officers Elected " Last
Night by Council Withput
Much Opposition
50,000 PEOPLE IN 1937
Curb Pumps Cause Lively Tilt
Efforts to Ccl Mado to
Abolish AH Within the
Next Two Years ,
"In 1,0 years ' Salem .. will have
50,000 population.. There Is no
use kidding ourselves into believ
ing that the present city facilities
are adequate. Wo- must have
more streets, better sewers, and
bridges where they- are needed,"
T. A. Livesley, Salem's new mayor
declared in his message to the city
council' last night. r ,
"Salem has just started to grow.
We should hate, the things that
the city needs. We have only a
small bonded indebtedness how.
"It will be my ambition to have
the city's' business move along as
it should. You as councllmen are
limited in the amount of money
you can spend. However,' T be
lieve you can show citizens the
city's needs and get a proper re
sponse. . .' . V; . -.
"I believe the sewerage end
drainage systems should have at
tention. There should be a means
provided so that 'surface drainage
water will be separate from the
sewers. v , - - .
"It is my belief that If the cpun-,-cil
and the press will take hold;
the people of Salem will give the
city, things It needs.f . -,
"New council-members and the
mayor were ? sworn . In. 1 The ' re
tiring mayor, :- John B. Glesy
thanked the council for Its telp
and cooperation. The new alder
men, Byron Brunk and Harry
Hawkins, replaced George Thomp
son and George Alderih. ' ;
Mayor Livesley said, he would
appoint council committees at the
next meeting. ; !
1 The expected skirmish over city
attorney did not materialize. Two'
men were nominated for Ihe post--tlon
and three voted for. Out of
15 votes the present attorney,'
Fred Williams got 10 Chris Ko
wltz 4. and Allen Carson 1. Other
city officials and employees were,
continued In office without op
position.. 'The question of . allowing a
claim of $ 2,500 to Stephens and
Co6n for an appraisal tof the water
works was laid on the table. The
city recorder was instructed: to
see if there had been a contract
made covering the matter.
Complaint was made regarding,
the inadequate drainage of sewer
age In that section of the city af-
(CoBtinued en pg'2.j
More Than One Thousand Ex-
y Service Men Call at Federal
Institution . .
Confidence 'was expressed by .the
administration today that most of
the banks soon would make loans
on the soldier insurance certifi
cates as steps were considered In
congress for authorizing the veter-4
ans bureau to loan on this collat
eral. : i- , jl'-S-x , " r- ;' J
Although reports received by :
the veterans bureau Indicated 6nly r
about one-halt of the "banks were
acquired a loan valjie today, Sec
retary' Mellotj expressed the belief
the banks would soon turn to these
loans aa a ''business proposition."
"TTie adjusted 'service' certificate
fund was increased today by $123-
nflA And tn a tnfal nf tifin AAA ADD. :
AH of this is pledged to the cer-
UUC&ic-. wmcu asTe bq esuuiateu
loan value of $200,000,000.
. There .is no chance for ,thc
banks to lose, on the certificate
loans, Mr. Mellon explained. ; If ;
the;war veterans faiL to repay the -
loans, tho veterans bureau will
niake them good, cutting this sum
from, the value of the certificate
finally due the veteran.:- : . , "
"NEW. YORK, Jan. 3. (AP)
More than one thousand former
service men went to the New York
Federal Reserve Bank today tscck-
I honse.j;t;; ;- r"..-;- j
1 - - - - - -
Illlinots." - I
17777? J-T7n :tT- T -