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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 13, 1924)
' - i in
' Broom handles, mop ban
flies, paper pings, tent tog
gles, all klnda of hardwood
bandies, manufactured by
: West Sal
. Sales and Service
Cltk Street at Trade
Salem 60,000 t7 19S0
RICH L. IUEMANN
Real Estate and Insurance
SO 7-3 08 Oregon Bids.
Phone 101S j
A FEIV BRIEF EXCERPTS FROM THE
1323 OAC STRAWBERRY BULLETlll
The Soil pjeeds Question of Fertilizers- About Varieties
and Pollination Cultivation Should Be Persistent
The Labor Supply The Strawberry Pests, Etc.
i,( --- v ' -
(The Oregon "Agricultural col
lege experiment station published
a bulletin on "Strawberries" last
year. It is entitled "Station Clr
tular 32. It is by Prof. C. E.
Schuster, assistant 'horticulturist.
Following are a few very brief j ex
cerpts. Taeglnoing with the bubo
Strawberries need a soil that is
fertile,, three to four feet deep,
with good soil drainage, and locat
ed in frost-free sites. : - -
Soil fertility Is easier increased
before . planting than after. No
one commercial fertilizer can be
recommended for strawberries un
der all conditions, i Barnyard ma
nure is nearly always beneficial.
Varieties should be chosen ac
cording to market"4emands. The
standard rarieties gTOwn do not
- Obtain healthy, rigorous plants.
Use the hill system. Plant early,
and pack" soil well around the
roots. ' i J.
Cultivation should be 'frequent
and shallow to conserve moisture.
Irrigation la valuable where it can
" Do not plant too large an acre
age for the labor available.
Berries should be picked when
dry and should, not be bruised.
They are picked at different de
grees of ripening according to the
uses' they are intended for.
Intercropping of 'strawberries
among fruit trees is profitable If
sufficient space Is left between the
strawberries Hfld trees.H V-
Insects and diseases can .be con
trolled commercially, by a rotation
of crops, in which the berries are
allowed to bear two years.
-. Everbearing strawberries are
valuable in districts of late spring
frosts, or In other districts where
there is a sale for them at a high
price during late summer and fall,
or for home use.
i Strawberry culture in Oregon
has" been increasing " rapidly the
last few, years, having more than
doubled from 1919 to 1921, and
more plantings are being made.
With the increase in acreage has
come the entrance of new varieties
Into the field and the appearance
of new ; problems connected with
the culture and marketing of
strawberries. - r
' " Soils . (. ' '
Any soil that has good fertility,
good drainage, is of a reasonable
Use Burned Clay
Buildinz Tile for
Safety and Comfort.
MADE "IN ALL SIZCS
MUri'Mi iTKcfft -y;HiBjLr (c
SELLING SALEM DISTRICT
i "' 1 I' ' ........ I w . fi. , '. ... . e ' . ' - '.i-.- s
Dates of Slogans in Daily Statesman
(In TwJce-a-Week Statesman Following Day)
(With a few possible changes.)
Loganberries, October 2,
Prunes, October 9.
Dairying,' October 16.
Flax. October 23.
Filberts, October 30.
, Walnuts, November 6.
Strawberries, November 13.
Apples. November 20.
Raspberries, November 27.
Mint, December 4. .
Great cows, etc., December 11
Blackberries, December 18.
Cherries.' December 25. 1
Pears, January 1, 1925.
Gooseberries, January 8.
Corn, January 15.
Celery, January 22.
Spinach, etc., January 29. j;
Onions, etc., February 5.J
Potatoes, etc., February 12.
Bees, February 19. T
Poultry and pet, stock, Feb. 26.
Goats, March 5...
; Beans, etc March 12. ,
Paved highways, March 19.
Broccoli, S etc., March 26.
Silos, etc., April 2." -
Legumes, April 9..
Asparagus, etc. Aprll 16.
Grapes, etc April 23.
depth (three to four feet deep.)
and easily cultivated will produce
strawberries ' profitably if climatic
and other conditions are suitable
While a sandy loam is undoubted
ly the soil best adapted, to raising
strawberries they Will grow on a
wide ranee of soil: that is, some
variety may usually be found that
will do fairly well on almost any
type of soil except the very heavi
est or very poorest of soils. For
commercial production, the hea
tier, sofiilsodr aV"Wfe rands
or adobe should be avoided. There
is too much land in the state that
is well suited, to strawberry grow
ing for any." one to risk success by
nlantins: on soils naturally not
suited to the, strawberry.
Slope and Ixcation
Slace the flowers are produced
so near the ground, the strawberry
Is very ,susceptible to frost, and
for that reason should be placed
in as frost-free allocation as pos
sible. A slight elevation above
the surrounding territory, with a
good even slope for air drainage to
lower levels, will at times mean
the saving of a crop from frost.
Low, level sites at foot of slopes
are esoecially subject to frosts.
Other-local conditions besides a
good slope, such as : the presence
of large bodies of water, local air
current, or the presence of fogs,
may render ; a location relatively
frost free, making it very desirable
for strawberries. ' ' '
A sloping ' piece of ground will
serve id minimize the danger of
frost, and is equally valuable In
obtaining good water drainage.
Although the plants want a plenti
ful supply of moisture throughout
the year, they will not endure a
great amount of standing water.
For this reason we find that straw
berries ido not thrive in poorly
drained locations where the soil is
water-logged throughout the win
ter and early spring, preventing
the free entrance of air into the
Soil and retarding root activities.
L For early berries for the fresh
trade a southern slope on a sandy
loam soil is best. The northern
slopes are cooler and as a result
the blossoms are held back until
the danger from frost is lessened,
thus serving well for mid-season
and late berries. '
Soil Fertility and Its Maintenance
j The fertility of a soil should be
as hign as possiDie neiore tne
plants are set, as the strawberry I
planting lasts but a short time. It
' ' ' i ' iii, ' . T"' ' v
Drug garden, April 30.
Sugar beets, sorghum, etc..
Water powers. May 14.
Irrigation. May 21.
Mining, May 28. i j '
Land, irrigation, etc., June 4.
Dehydration, June 11. i
Hops, cabbage, etc., Jane 18.
Wholesaling and - Jobbing.
June. 25. 1,1
Cucumbers, etc., July 2.
Hogs, July 9.
City beautiful, etc., July 16,
Schools, etc., July 23. :
Sheep, July 30. i '
National advertising, Aug. 6.
Seeds, etc., August 13..
Livestock. August 20.
Grain and grain products.
August 27. i "
Manufacturing, September 3.
Automotive Industries. , Septem
ber 10. I
Woodworking, etc., Sept. 17.
Paper mills, etc.,' Sept. 24.
(Back copies of the Thursday
editions . of the Daily Oregon
Statesman are on hand. They are
for sale at 10 cents each, mailed
to any address. Current copies 5c)
is easier and more economical to
increase the fertility before rather
than after setting the plants.
Most of our soils originally con
tained a sufficient supply of all
essential plant foods, though, suc
cessive cropping may have reduced
certain elements such, as nitrogen
and phosphoric acid i to a point
where the addition of these ele
ments to the soil is necessary for
profitable crop production. ,
While we want for strawberries,
soils that are rich in plant food,
the elements should be as nearly
as possible in perfect balance. An
oyer supply of one plant food
or a! deficiency in another will
throw the plant foods out of bal
ance and give undesirable results
in plant growth or fruit produc
tion. A soil that has been stead
ily cropped may; become deficient
in one plant food, and the result
may.be a poor growth and a small
crop. On the other hand too much
plant- food of one; kind may be
present or injudiciously added and
a wrong stimulus be given; e. g.,
an oversupply of .nitrogen Is apt
to cause an overvigorous vegeta
tive growth with a resulting light
crop of soft, poorly colored, and
poorly flavored berries. When a
soil becomes depleted In some
plant food, steps may be taken to
build up the supply by application
of manure or commercial fertili
zer. . . ; : I
1 Manure .
The application of barnyard ma
nure is nearly always beneficial as
it supplies humus as well as plant
foods to the soils. Possibly Its
biggest addition to the soil is the
humus, as this will greatly in
crease the water-holding capacity
of the soil; and a soil full of hu
mus, that will hold moisture late
in the season, is necessary for the
production of high class berries,
especially In non-irrigated sec
tions. The decomposition of veg
etable matter or humus also aids
in liberating other, plant foods al
ready in the soil but not In a form
available to. the .plant. ,The, ma
nure should be well rotted and as
free as possible from weed seeds
to avoid fouling the soil ...with ob
noxious weeds. Humus can also
be added by plowing under green
cover crops such as vetch and oats
before the plants are set. .' ; ;
Preparation of the Soil ;
Strawberries want a loose, fria
ble soil, which can best be ob
tained by planting after a rotation
of crops and immediately follow
ing a cultivated crop. Following
a sod or hay crop in some sections
of Oregon the soil is very likely to
be infested with grubs, and in lo
calities where the white grub is
prevalent it is beet not to plant
strawberries until two years after
a sod or hay crop has been turned
under.- Deep plowing and thor
ough working of the soil to a
good depth before planting are es
sential, as this will be the last
time deep cultivation can be had
for strawberries. ; !
In planting strawberries the va
riety planted should be chosen
with regard to the available mar
kets. The prospective grower
should investigate the markets
available and having determined
which one &e wishes to supply
fruit to, should choose a variety or
varieties best adapted to that mar
ket. Several of the varieties
grown are not entirely satisfactory
for all uses. ,
The varieties best adapted to
this section are few in number,
and of this number four originated
in Oregon: Magoon, Clark's Seed
ling, Gold Dollar, and Oregon.
Two other varieties that are being
planted to a' certain extent origin
ated in California, Trebla and Et-
tersburg No. 121. It would ap-
THE WORLD'S STRAWBERRY
Marion is the leading strawberry county
in Oregon. -' '
Polk county is next.
The berries of both counties are nearly
all marketed in Salem- :
As are also the berries of parts of Yam
hill, Benton, Linn and Clackamas counties.
Salem each year cans the bulk of all the
canned' strawberries packed in the Pacific
Increasing quantities of strawberries are
also barrelled here, and shipped to eastern
The men engaged in the strawberry in
dustry here are searching for better varie
ties, or for better development of varieties
alrady discovered. ; j
Irrigation will be more largely employ
ed in the future and this will be an aid in
making Salem the center of the greatest
strawberry industry in the world.
CASCADE BRAND HAMS,
U.S. Inspected r
pear that varieties originating lo
cally are better adapted than those
Imported from a distance. '
The varieties listed are what
are known as perfect flowering va
rietiesand there is no need i 'of
cross-pollination. ' Since there are
no varieties of any importance
grown in Oregon that are imper
fect in their blossoming, the ques
tion of cross-pollination need not
trouble any of the growers unless
they obtain a variety from an
other district. In obtaining new
varieties for trial in any section
Care should be taken to determine
whether they are perfect or, im
perfect blooming varieties. Com
mercially, an Imperfect variety i
one with only pistils in the flowT
er. while the perfect varieties have
both pistils and stamens.
The rill or furrow system' is
most universally in use. Due to
the( hallow rooting system .the
surface soilamust be. kept moistt
and this will necessitate more fref
quent irrigation than with most
fruits. The water should be api
plied as often as the surface soil
(the top two to four inches) is in
need of moisture: The frequency
of irrigation will depend mainly
on the tillage given and the type
of soil. Frequent cultivation, as
soon after irrigation as possible,
will reduce the number of irriga
tions necessary. Some of the light-
SOME STRAWBERRY LORE FROM MARION
COUNTY FRUIT INSPECTOR VAN TRUMP
The Strawberry Is of Commercial Importance Above Any
Other Small Fruit in the Salem District A Discussion
of the Varieties Grown Here The Strawberry Enemies
W mm m mm. mmt '
.;-1 nat Must Be Pougnt
..Marlon County Fruit Inspectgr
S, H. Van Trump is always ready
to respond to the inquiries of the
Slogan editor, day or night, and
he was caught on the wing yester
day and talked as follows, as
nearly as the Slogan man could
follow him: j
The strawberry is of more com
mercial importance to the Salem
district than any other small fruit.
It is needed to supply the local
and nearby markets with 1 fresh
berries, and the barreling and can
ning demand for distant markets.'
The Wilson and Ettersburg ,121
are the chief canning varieties.
The Wilson seems to require for
Its best production new bench or
hill land;. and land of greater fer
tility than the average; it needs a
warm soil. The bottom - land is
often too heavy; produces, too
much foliage and not enough ber
ries. The Wilson is failing in
some localities because the soil is
failing. Some growers in the hills
have produced as high as two and
a 'half tons to the acre,- It is a
favorite in the red hills. It has
been a standard so long in those
localities that the growers are dis
posed to stay with it. The Wil
son makes a very sure crop around
Macleay and Shaw, especially on
land fairly new and fertile.
The Ettersburg is good, but fin
icky about soil, it goes to foliage
on the sandy soils and does not
perform well on the gravel land;
It does well on a mixture of sand
and loam, though it has not done
well in some parts of the Kaiser
bottom. It never has been very
successful in the hill section is
not uniform; does not. perform
the same any two years in suc
cession. It requires favorable
BACON AND LARD
: u 1 1 gALEM, OREGON
er soils heed more frequent irriga
tions than the heavy ones that re
tain the moisture much beter. If
the .rill or furrow ssystem is. used,
the;. water, should be run through
the whole " length of the furrow
fairly rapidly, thoroughly wetting
the soil but. not allowing any part
of it to become water-logged;
As a rule the plantings are ir
rigated after each picking unless
the soil is of such a type that it
wiir not dry sufficiently to allow
picking early the following day.
In that case, half the bed may be
irrigated --at a time, the pickers
using the unirrigated part early
in the day. After the picking sea
son the irrigations need only be
enough to keep the plants grow
ing well. Everbearing strawber
ries must be Irrigated constantly
until fall in order to produce good
crops. , T' -. -. ;
, In districts where irrigation is
not at present practiced it may at
times prove desirable. There are
places in the Willamette vallfey
where water could be cheaply ap
plied and two or three irrigations
late in the picking season would
greatly improve the crpp by in
creasing the size of the berry. The
late berries are often small, and
one factor contributing to this is
the lack of moisture late in' the
season where irrigaion is not prac
ticed and cultivation is not kept
up sufficiently to insure a plenti
ful supply of moisture.
sunshiny weather when in bloom
Irrigation Vould no doubt lielp.
There -nave been some remark
able yields of Ettersburgs. v Glen
Bowen on the Silverton road, not
far from' Silverton, in 1922 har
vested 300 crates to the acr; 24
pounds to the crate, or 7200
pounds fo the acre.
Dr. Beechler, Sr.. got better
than three and a half tons to the
acre from his Treblas one year on
his land out beyond the state, fair
grounds. Irrigation will often
help with the Ettersburg, because
it is a late variety the latest of
About the Trebla ,
The Trebla has been a heavy
bearer :f or some growers, and
some . authorities are advising in
favor of the Trebla now. It is
the best average producer of any
variety of canning berries grown
here; berries of fair quality and
especially in dry seasons; not so
good a quality in wet seasons.
Some growers say they can make
more money - off of Treblas than
any other berries.
The 'New Oregon is the best
home market berry, and for bar
reling., It makes a vigorous plant-;
has plenty of runners and a strong
Milk and Cream
260 North High Street,
Boost This Community'
by Advertising on the Slogan
- ; Pages :
DID YOU KNOW That the strawberry industry of the Sa
lem district has become a great industry; that there have
been sales of $1000 an acre forla single season's crop, mak
ing $600 an acre net; that growers have shown'the produc
tion of strawberries at the rate of 12 tons to the acre here;
that the acreage in this district more than doubled for the
year 1921 over the year 1920, and is now. showing a steady
increase; that in Salem the great bulk of all the canned
strawberries of the northwest are packed; that it is stand
ard that it does not . have to be introduced that it brings
a constant flow of money from long distances; and did you
know that the use of irrigation and the employing of head
work are going to make this the world center of the straw
berry industry? ,
crown.- - Mr. Hunt of Morningside,
a Salem suburb, sold $800 worth
of New Oregon berries one year,
from three acres of good land.
'The Marshall " berry - is good;
very similar1 to the" New Oregon;
a little firmer. It is not as ex
tensively grown here as the New
Oregon. It is a good barreling
There are some everbearing ber
ries grown ; the Progressives. They
kept bearing till Christmas time
last year; are "not doing as well
this year as they did last year,
, Strawberries should have good
drainage; good bench or hill land,
or mixed, loam and sandy bottom
land. In. the latter localities they
are in more- danger "from late
Strawberries do not much ex
haust the soil; do Hot require ex
pensive fertilizers. They are easy
to plant. . They can be kept up in
virgin soil for a longtime, with
out much expense. . .
More than enough new acreage
was planted last year, and will be
again the coming year, to take the
place of the old patches plowed up
in this district, and the strawberry
industry will persist and ' grow
steadily. .With favorable markets
and careful keeping away of the
strawberry enemies, and perhaps
some improved varieties, there
will likely be a, steady growth of
Mr. Van Trump said he had
been favorably impressed with the
performance in the field of the
new Johnson variety, propagated
by E. M. Bailey, on.Route 9., This
berry comes from a vine found by
Carl Johnson, east of Chemawa, in
his prune orchard, in an old straw
berry row. , It is one of the Et
tersburg stock, carrying Its green
foliage all winter. Mr. Van Trump
has not seen any other new vari
ety that gives such promise. It
seems to persist and to bear uni
formly' good crops of an excellent
berry. Mr. Van Trump is not
certain as to its canning qualitiesf
but other authorities speak fav
orably of it in this respect;
: , The Strawberry Enemies
The 'crown borer needs to be
watched from the beginning. This
pest flirty be fasily gotten; rid of
by calling the infested -hilla out
and UuJ-ning. iip the vinesl This
may Jje said also of the crown
mlner.l a very similar pest. Mr,
Van Trump knows no other way.
They both work above the ground.
The effects of their work are eas
ily seen. Go after them in the
beginning keep ahead of them.
164 South Commercial Street
TKEO. M. BARR
HEATING AND TINNING -'
. Salem, Oregon
Road, well, sewer, and
drain pipe in stock at all
times. . Get yonr pipe
where you can sea how
good it is made.
An Independent Organization
- 1405 North Front, Salem v
Growing Every Year; Hann
chen Barley Has Come to
Be Standard -
(The following two excerpts
are taken from a current bulletin
of the department of industrial
j journalism of the Oregon Agricul
tural college: ; .
Insect Control Essential
The importance of insect ' con
trol ia, growing every year as the
injurious kinds are many and in
crease, with great rapidity, says
an O. A. C. experiment station re-
Otherwise they -will eat up your
vines.-.- ,-; ,
, The strawberry root weevil is
a worse pest. He is here,, especial
ly in the Salem gardens. The way
to get rid of this pest is to not let
him; started. He stays in the
ground like a fish worm; he lives
on 30 different plants. A lady
from Aurora sent a sample of in
fested, rhubarb, and it was found
that .it had the strawberry root
weevil.. The way to fight the
weevil is to keep it out. r
The root weevil. has completely
destroyed strawberry patches In
the Hood River and Freewater
districts, and some near Portland
cultivated by the Japanese gard
eners. If the weevil once gets started,'
the only thing to do is to change
crops entirely,, and to cultivate
such. .crops as potatoes till the
weevil pests are completely starv
ed out. This may take some years.
t v ?
DR ACER FRUIT
Dried Fruit Packers
. ; 221 South nigh St,
, ' ' . Salem, Oregon ;
Always in the market for
dried fruits of all kinds
Salem will continue
center and the industry
SALEM, OREGON '
The Largest and Ho3t
Complete Hostelry in
Oregon Out of Portland
Eat a Plats a H:.z
V1V A TFI
Ice Crccnn Go.
P. 11. GREG OUT, ir-r,'
240 Eontli Comzaerclxl Ci.
Ponesteel Motor Co.
181 a Coml St. Kione 4Z1
port. A single Insect may I.
frorq .30pp j to: I 4000 eggs a C.
which Jna tPfl time batch' c t!
Japanesehottle. is cited as an in
stghce olbapttjliirease. It toe
flvWKeJ J ieHHr. ehtomolosh
five1 bayrt64rta11 six of the
beetles in 1916, while the stat--was
paying: 80 cents a quart o!
3000, six years later. . ...u.
Hannchen Karloy Is StaneLml
Opportunity for growing morf
Hannchen barley is unusually
good, provided growers can get
seed before the supply is gone, a s
fall plantings of grain in western
Oregon this year were not so ex
tensive as in former years. IlanEi
chen barley was introduced by t'
O. A. C experiment station n! -or
ten years ago. Seed supply t i
rarely .been enough to siipply tL
demand, as many farmers gro .
only- enough for feed and tee .
Some Hanncnen was exported tl u
year by a Portland grain concern
that speaks highly of it as export
barley. It is the standard varietj
r. western Oregon, pnd cons" lej
le certifretTBeed'ls available 1 i
Clackamas and Washington coun
ties.' . ' :
Auto Electric Work
XL. D. BARTON
171 S. Commercial Ct.
A Licensed Laiy Embalner
to care for women and
' children is a necessity la
' ., all funeral homes. We are :
the only ones furnlshic
T70 Chemckcta CU
Phone 724 baiem. Ore jca
to be the stravbcrrjH
will grow steadily, j
Manuals, Schocl IIc!-3
Tour order will be glr i
The J. J. ICraps
Kent S. Krapa, Uzx.
' Box 96 '.