THE OREGON STATESMAN, SALEM; OUtfUON THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 23 1924 GIDEON STOLZ CO. ' Manufacturers of I. - , . i - . Dependable Brand : Lime-Sulphur Solution T brand" yon n Aeptmi on for Prices "tipoit application 1 f . Factory nr corner ; of Summer and Mill St. . i ' I galrin. Oregon, i - Wa Ara Oat AfUr Two K&iouj 1 Wa are bow paying ovrr three quartern of a million dollars a year to the .dairymen of tbia section for milk. - i "Marion Butter" ; Is the Best Butter j More .Cows and Better Cows Is the crying need ! MARION CREAMERY & PRODUCE CO. SalemfOre. Phone 2488 Next Week's Slogan - - . 1 ' H i ; Subject Is 01 BOMB FILBERT IP10USTRY FU1X IflSW WIlL BIG Mil , ; i lILUOilSBUtLrFOllililiE It Will Become the Greatest Single Industry in Oregon, and Perhaps in a Short Time -A General Review of the History and Progress of Flax Growing and Manu facturing. Condensed Into Comparatively Short Space i (The following article wag witr en by the Slogan editor of Tbe tatesman for- the issue of the 'aclfic Homestead (published rom 'The Statesman building) of June 12. . It contains a concise re view Lof the history and develop--aent! of the flax industry:) "Old things are passed away; 1e iold, all things are become new." ' . 2 Corinthians, 5:17. In the flax Industry; all old -Lings are not passed away, and Butter-Nut The Richer, Finer LoaT cherry city bakery; Onr Idetl; .".. Oar Method: Th Bef Only Copratioa Ccpild City; CvcpeittiyeCre!nery - A non-profit ertraaization owned . entirely by the dairymen. Give s a trial. - j . - Maanfaetnrer of Bntterrnp Batter "At yonr uroeer " i ' t Pboaa 299 137 8. Com'l St. DIXIE HEALTH DREAD Ask Your Grocer For Years .And Years ' The Statesman has been supplying the wants of the critical Job prfnting trade Proof positive we are printers' of worth and merit. Modern equipment and ideas are the ones that get by.- ": . .1 ' Statesman Publishing Company i. rhone 3 or SS3 215 S. Coml St. S E L'LIN G SALEM DI STRICT Devoted a The Way to Build Up jYour Home ' Is to Patronize Selling Salem District is a Continuation of the Salem Slogan and will not; but some old things have passed and others are passing, and more will pass. But the miracle plant that grows from the seed in 50 to 70 to 90 days and pro duces a fiber that; last "forever." for all practical purposes, is the same as it was in ancient Egypt; excepting for improvements made by modern methods of selection and cultivation. After the : man ner of II. G. Wells, but very brief ly.' take the following "Outline of History," applied to the flax in dustry: ., j j I ' - A Long History Flax Is the oldest known veget able fiber used in the making of articles for wear and household use. It was grown In ancient Egypt. Fine linens are found in the tombs in the "Valley of the Kings," - where the mummified bodies of the great houses (phar axhs) were put away 6000 years or so ago and samples of these fabrics, many of them preserved In the British museum, show weav es that our modern machinery and methods cannot imitate. The narrowness of these textures shows that the shuttle was not known to the ancient Egyptians; the width was limited to the length of the human reach. , But the shuttle was known : in the time of Job, told i of In the Book of Job. supposed to be the oldest, book in the world, for Job is re ported to have said "My days are swifter than a weaver' shuttle, and" are Bpent without hope." (Job 7:6.) : . i..'. j j; i . Came the massacre of St. Bar tholomew;; came a time (around 1685) when persecutions sent colonies of Huguenot weavers from France,, to the north of Ireland; came the slow development of the now great linen industry of the Belfast district. ! ; U Belfast became'' the great llaen city of the world, drawing her supplied of fiber from Holland, Belgium. France and other coun tries, i including Russia: mostly Russia, where she got the bulk of it before the war, Ireland itself producing only some 13 per cent of it. And her hemp fiber from Italy. f -.- ( : All this made! Belfast a verp rich, city; that part of Ireland a verv rich section. '"" Then came cotton manufactur ing on a large scale, and cotton was largely substituted for linen. This phase retarded the rapid growth 6f the linen Industry, in England, Belgium, France, Aus tria and Germany, and in Scot land; and in the Belfast district, too but Belfast has held her own and more, even ! in the face of this fierce competition, despite the fact that, she has "not succeeded in her many i attempts to much en large the home growth of the raw materials in Ireland; depending on Imported fiber.' So much for the 'Outline, of History." : j The Xew Things But little was done in all the long years towards discovering and, adopting new processes; ar riving at shortcuts. But great changes have come in the past seven years; are coming every year now. i - Seed selection! and improved methods of cultivation have brought and are bringing higher production per acre of fiber, and a longer, betteri fiber. And more and better flaxseed. Machine pulling of flax has come One Vassot .(Canadian) ' flax pulling machine operated suc- io -Showing' Salem District People thb Advantages - n Opportunities of HI til Your Home People ; 3 ' This campaign of publicity for community upbuilding has been made possible by the advertisements placed on these pages by our public spirited business men men whose untiring efforts have builded our present recognized prosperity and Who are ever striving for greater and yet greater progress as the years go by. ) ' ? , j' ' j "i. " - v .- i A close-up picture of the same flax grown in 1923 on the A. E. Bradley farm near Turner; showing height of the flax. The men are six feet or over tall. They are, treading from left to right, Col. W. B. Bartram, Ottawa, Canada; A. E. Bradley, fAumsville, Oregon, and Robert Crawiord, superintendent of the Oregon state flax ; industry. ; ; . : . f ' ;: cessfully In the Salem, Oregon, district last 'year. - There will be 13 of these machines for the com ing harvest in the Salem district. The pulling price has been and is now $20 an acre, with additional costs in getting and maintaining hand labor. Machines will reduce the cost, in. time, to $6 an acre, and less. Short-cuts are being used in deseeding i threshing) the flax. Retting used : to require six weeks or more. Warm i water (tepid water) retting was discov ered by British experts during the war. . It reduces the time to four to five days makes possible put ting in and taking out of the tanks and; retting the flax in a week. (There is an interesting story herd, for which the writer( has not room in this issue.) Short-cuts have been invented in scutching the flax after retting and drying; separating the fiber from the straw. 1 (Still shorter cuts are known, eliminating retting and drying and scutching;; taking the fiber direc tly from the flax straw,, from the "green tow." Henry Ford Is experimenting on this. He is rais ing 600 abres of flax on his own old home farm in Michigan, near Detroit, this year. He expects to manufacture linens for his car cov erings and! seat coverings, etc. etc., and to produce it half the present cost of flax: fabrics making, too, articles that will outlast cotton articles Inj the ration of three to eight to one.) There re; short cuts and new methods ih preparing the fiber for spinning. J ' There are new invention in spin ning . thej ... "yarns" for i making twines and threads and linen cloth of all; kinds. There aire new ways of weaving the cloth.) 1 New ways of bleaching the cloth to make it white for napkins and table cloths and handkerchiefs and towels, etc, etc. This, process formerly ook a year, and requir ed large acreages of "greens," for the bleaching had to be done by exposure to the weather; the rain and sunshine and snow and storm. Now it is done chemically in al most a twinkling and done bet ter. ; There are new ways of making "damasks"jor putting figures into the cloth and pictures and names of railroads and hotels, etc. Won derful new ; ways, vastly cheapen ing the processes. 1 ' And new ways of dyeing, in the yarn and,! in the cloth. And new ways of hemming and making laces, etc.. etc. ; . jTIie New Time Nearly! "all things are become new," orj are becoming new,4 In tbe linen i Industry. New and cheaper. This Is the age of ma chinery; Jthe age of invention, of short-cpts. ! j' ! What does this all mean? ; It means ' that linen articles will' be cheaper In the markets than cot ton articles; Th" Is no boll weevil in flax. None in hemp. No negro exodus will affect the flax pulling ma- - ! ; and Its Cities Town Pep and Progress Campaign v 1:1 : J 'J r Ail chines, drawn or pushed Jy trac tors; running, if necessary, .,24. hours a day. ? - j It means that a $100,000,000 annual industry will I be ; transfer red to western Oregon and Wash ington and northern California; with no" telling wh$t extensions into Idaho and other; states. The $100,000,000 a yearfis about the amount we are now sending out of the United States, for the manu factures and by-products of flax. The $100,000,000 annual indus try will mean a million new people employed, directly . and indirectly, here at home. Hpn T, B. Kay, former state treasurer of Oregon and nominee Cor that- office at the coming November election recently made that very pfedjetion, as ap plied to western Oregon alone, ad ding that the Willamette valley will some day hate la population of ten millions. i " . ! The $100,000,000 annually will grow far beyond ttiaM figure, when tbe time comes that linens will be cheaper than cottons in the markets. and it is cqming, and is not very far away. i As to the , Present ; For the Slogan Issue of the Ore gon Statesman, Salem, of October 25 last the present! writer, in editorially summarizing the flax industry, wrote, in part, as fol lows ; ; f . ! ; -' 5. "Salem lis now, the fiber flax center of the United; States; the center of the only district in North America where the? flax can be grown yielding a fiber suitable for manufacturing into fine linens such as is grown; In ; parts of Ireland and Belgium;; and in small sections of Francej Holland and Russia, and goes to the linen mills of Ireland. .. i "The industry here Is so far confined to the growing of flax for the state plant at the Oregon penitentiary, where it. is made into the fibers of the different grades and into upholstering tow, with seed and dairy feed by-products. There is no waste, excepting the pithy part of the siajk. i The plan is to Install spinning inachinery at the penitentiary plant, to make seine and sack sewing twines ;'And when thajt Consummation comes about this institution will be made 1 self supporting; and more. The industry will yield a profit that will admit Of erecting better buildings and Installing new machinery, besides! flaying a small wage to all the workers in the Institution f f 1 - "Working .within the walls, and giving a high rate joff reformations, like that of the Minnesota peni tentiary at Stilwater, where the rate, 85 per cent; I the highest in the world for such an institu tion. - ' - J " "This Is all coming about In regular order. Its Consummation is in the near future; within two to four years; perhaps before the end of 1924. There Is no doubt of its feasibility the only ques tion ,1s good management and full cooperation by all concerned. The new revolving fund iw of that institution gives full authority. , "But the working of all the Their Owe and Towns' The Surest Way to! Get More and Larger Industries ; Is to Support Those You Have j ' " available men in the Oregon peni tentiary, a sufficient number to make the institution self support ing, will take care of the product of hot more than 2500 to 3000 acres of land; not a great increase in acreage over the land that was in. flax 4. be. present year; producing something above 2000 tons; yield ing! the 'growers about $80,000. - "With the spinning operations going on at the penitentiary, and that institution made self support ing; there will be a good start towards the . full development ' of thej industry . ffRut it will be only a start. ' "Linen handkerchiefs are now selling in the Salem, stores, and in -the stores throughout'the Unit ed States, at prices that mean' $24 a ' pound for flax fiber.! That means $24,000 an ( acre for ; the product of our flax land -for it will produce flax that will make 1000 pounds of fiber to the ace; in jmany cases it has produced more didvproduce more this year. if'There is no other crop grown annually , on the land that is cap able, year after year, of producing such great values to the acre, with the aid of capital and machinery and skill and, management carry ing the raw material through all the processes of manufacturing up to the point where it may be placed on the shelves of the mer chant1 .- "A ,' ' -. '! -.: "So that a comparatively small acreage of Salem district land may be made to supply the flax for an annual industry of $100, 000,000. The, full, use and proper rotation of crops on land in the Salem district that Is now idle' or fallow the slacker acrescould be made to supply the raw ma terials for such an Industry. T "We produce the flax that makes the fiber for the fine linens and for the valuable by-products. We have the "soft" water that is necessary for the proper retting to get the strongest and best fibers. We -have the air freelfrom "elec tricity" necessary for' the fine spinning. We have the climate that will admit of manufacturing, the whole year through. ' "In short, nature has done her full part in making this the fine fiber flax district, and; the twine and thread and linen manufac turing district the center for the whole world. . Everything is here. : " i . i "' ; i . j. "Nothing lacking , "Everything but the 'organizing genius to bring about this eon sumption. And this will come; or It will. be. developed here, soon er or later., The stage is all set -was set in the beginning when the hills were heaved up and the valleys laid down, and; the ocean currents directed. , "Ever since 1876. at the Phila delphia Centennial, when flax grown near Turner, Oregon, took first prize over the ! competitors from All countries, on all nine points considered, ' it ' has been known that the producing question was settled in our favor "And . an j Irish manufacturer said when that award - was made that he could take couple of Cbtan try pounds of Oregon flax and spin a threads that would Teach around the world! . i . ; . jL "Thfe rising price of cotton is working ; for , our flax . industry. The. price of cotton is now close to the .price of the best flax fiber; cotionils close to 30 vents a pound; and flax fiber around 33 cents a pound-j 1 , ;' ' ; . "And a Hnfcn towel or sheet will outlast a dozen cotton towels or sheets! In many ways, such as in tbe( making of wings, for airplanes, cotton! cannot compete at all. "Linen is the strongest woven fabric! It is the most enduring. It Will, last almost "forever." It is found in the Egyptian tombs, finer than out- weavers can fashion it done under a process that is a lost ! art. A Nearly every old American family has s4mples of flax manufacture hundreds of years bid; ' ; "So I the negro exodus from the south,) and the boll weevil, are working for Salem as the capital or the! world's flax and linen and hemp Industries." True of Big Territory Wh4t was said In the editorial article in the Oregon Statesman, quoted above,' is true of any part of Western Oregon, western Wash ington' or northern California, in the possible production of the fine flax f(ber; , and In the. manufac turing of it; wherever there is the "soft" water to be found. It is only that the state flax plant 'at the Oregon penitentiary has so far limited the) industry to thej Salem d-istrict. ' i Since that "article was written. there has come af difference of $120- ton in the. prices of cotton fiber and flax f ibr, in the Irish market. The flax fiber sells there $120 iv ton cheaper than cotton fiber. The price at the Oregon penitentiary plant is now 42 cants a ponnd for long .fiber; . around $100 a ton for ; upholstering tow; $2.37 a hundred j pounds for flaxseed sold to the linseed oil mills; Ifive and half cents a pound for, whole flaxseed : sold to the wholesale and manufacturing drug trade, jand six and a half cents a pound ifor ground flaxseed Isold to the drug trade for poultlcesrshort line; spinning tow is 'worth around 20 cents a pound; for sack twine and- the makingsof toweling., The bolls jchaff) from the threshing are now being burned at the state flax plant, making a saving of about 5 $15 a day for fuel. But they make good stock feed,! espe cially dairy feed, and they will be sold a,nd used for this purpose. and the shlves will : be blown to the . boiler rooms ' and burned In stead, j The shiyes are the waste from- the scutching;- separating the fiber from the woody; part, j Linen Mills Coming Negotiations are nowj afoot for a linen mill in Salem. It . will spin the yarn from the fiber and make j linen goods of various grades for the general market. It will likely spin more than enough yarn for its own needs, and sell t - I The Vessot flax pullerr thirteen of which machine are owned in the Salem district. This shows his puller working on the farm of P. E. Thomas son, near Turner, the past season. This machine pulled some flax at less than: $3 an acre, not lVhy suffer with Stomach DR. P. j Ifonrs lO to 12 a. it io another mill ownf r, a spe clalty manufacturer. j There -is still -another - prospec tive mill headed by aj man, pro posing to do spinning i of yarns only at first, and perhaps also spinning the yarns into" twines for various trades, including the making of seine twines; , So much for all that. And once the mUls begin to come, there will be. many of them, j But first the rawi; materials had - to be guaranteed. That has been done. There are many peculiar things about flax, not the least being the fact that, kept in the dry, it gains in value with age; gains in fiber value about 10 per cent if kept one year. It may be kept Inde finitely. ; This quality! will help In conserving the supply of. raw materials, once the industry -gets to going strong. .1 As to the Grower ' ' ; The state flax plant will pay the growers this year $36.50 a tori for their long line, fiber; szi.50 for their short fiber suit able for upholstering tow. The grower can produce nibTe than two tons to the acre of long line fiber. But it would be well to let some of the growers themselves tell their stories. Writing for the October 25 last issue of the Ore gon Statesman, the following are some of them mostly abbreviat ed j to save space herei j From a New Grower S. B. -Mills, Aumsville; Or., said. among other things: "I am young in the flax grow Ing business having gf own only tw6 x:rops, and they have more than doubled any other crop in value that I have raised. I be-j lieve the flax growing industry is fast becoming the leading farmj Industry in this section; of the country. . ;f'- TI believe it Is the most profiti able rotation crop we have." ; 140 An Acre Clear 1 H. C Porter of Aumsville wrote: ; j '.'Eureka At last the farmers have found a profitable crop in the raising of flax, There was raised on, my farm this sjeason two miles southeast of Aumsville five acres of flax which , brought al net profit of $50 an apre. My neighbor joining me qn the : east planted 2d acres from which he realized a net profit of $1000.! My neighbor joining me on the west had eight acres on. newer land which brought him' a net profit of about $80 Jan ; acre.. Others of my neighbors did al most if not equally as well." j Mr. Porter sent an affidavit of D. j F. 1 East burn, testifying to the fact that on a little less! than two acres 'of his Mill creek bottom land i he raised a crop ojf flax last year that netted him about $140 an j acre clear of all expense. It was new land, being he sixth crop raised on it; but no fertilizer was used. ';,''. ' f -J . - , : : $197.42 From One! Acre W. Jay Denham, Turner, -Oregon, wrote: ! j .'-j "I took and measured off one. . :" . ,' . ..."J, , . Ai' '; ' ' S' - - ' - '-. counting overhead. We;Wffl, Give Our Best Effort f i At all times to assist In any possible way the devel opment i of the fruit and berry Industries In this val ley. !! Oregon Packing Co. Trouble WTien Chiropractic will Remove the Cause Your Health Begins When I You Phone 87 1 For An Appointment! ' : " ' ! - ' : ! O. L. SCOTT S. C. Chiropractor itay Laboratory 414 to 419 U. S. National Bank Building m. and 2 to 6 p. m. acre of ground which was in flax and5 after pulling the flax and leaving in the field for ten days till thoroughly cured, I hauled It to the warehouse, and It weighed five tons,' 975 pounds, which brought me $45 a ton, or a total of $244.92 "off of the one acre." The total cost of that acre, wrote Mr. Denham, was $47.50, including $4 for renl of the land and $25 for pulling, leaving a net profit of $197.42., That was. a few years i ago, when flax prices were higher than now; also ex penses were higher. Mr. Denham wrote that he net ted above all , expense last year about $50 an acre for all his flax.' (The twelve new flax pulling machines, j spoken of above, ar rived in time for harvest, and six of them were taken out and work ed throughout the season; the other six being still In the hands of the Btate flax plant at the penitentiary. The farmers who. had contracted to buy them found that, on account of! their short crops, due to the unseasonably dry weather, that they could not ful fill their agreements. These six extra new machines In the hands of the state will no doubt be pur chased by the growers next year and used in the harvest. The seven machines used gave good accounts ot themselves. In some' cases, they pulled flax at; less than $3 an, acre, not counting overhead or capital investment in the machines. The machines were sold to the farmers at $2250 each, actual cost to the state, and some of the machines more than earn ed their cost this year, to say nothing of the fact that without their use it would have been next to Impossible to get the har vesting done at all by hand. This would have been more manifestly the case had there been a normal crop; and It will be evident in future years here. The Portland Chamber of Commerce assisted in paying for the machines by ad vancing $12,000 in cash. Excep ting for the spot cash payment, the cost of the machines to the growers would have been $2600 each. Machine pullinsr will ko further than any other one thing towards developing flax ; growing liere on a large scale. It gets the industry away from the neces sity of producing flax for the fiber In small tracts. In order that mem bers of the families of the farm ers and their neighbors may do the pulling. - Also, as will be seen. machine pulling will be done at a fraction of the cost of pulling by hand. One machine may take the place ;of 80 hand pullers more, in fact, In' cases where. In some years, machines will be equipped with lights and run night and day. I Something should be added to this article concerning the fact that the flaxseed oil is the linseed oil of commerce. It is the only "drying oil" : that is produced or has ever been pro duced on a commercial scale, and (CoaUnned n past ) it vk if '' '? '"' ' , 7 --1 ---.. ... '. . , I i 4 i ?