The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, September 11, 1924, Page 10, Image 10

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Hr&.; Olberg of- Minneapolis1 Tells of Her Meeting and
Correspondence with the Mother of the, Oregon Flax
Industry A Visit to the 'Linen Centers of the World
Is Described-EBusiness of Manufacturing Linen Will
Not Be. Over; Done Here ,! i7 U.
Editor Statesman : ."""
i Since the death of Mrs. Lord, I
hare, through the courtesy of her
daughter Miss Elizabeth Lord, re
ceived copies Of the Oregon States
man telling ' of the -wonderful
things, you were, doing out there
along the line of flax. I hare for
many, years,! through Mrs. Lord
been much interested ,in your pro-
trM of htilldfne tin th flax In
dustry.'' fiat what, prompts, me to
rite at this time was the article
from the Pendleton East Oregon
Ian: "Vftll the invention and use
o the.flax, pulling machine bring
about the establishment of a new
and. Important .industry ln Ore
gon?" ! j- ' ':' t' ,
Before going further, It may be
of interest to your readers to know
more of Mrs. Lord's work and the
Industry she was so vitally inter
ested la, while much has been said,
the half has not been told, for una
labored incessantly And if. you will
bear with me I want to give you
a llttlej. of ; past, history, that you
majT; realize, I, know whereof I
speak.-. ; I ' ; . r. ; . ..
It was at the lYorld.'s Fair la
Chicago I first met an aunt oj Mrs.
Lord," Mrs. Fanny Stockbridge of
Baltimore. 1 We were both, judges
Mrs.' Stockbridge on Japanese
goods and I of linens. She asked
me to tell her how I became so in
terested In! the flax industry. I
told her through my father, who
felt as many of us do now sure
ly the United States, with all its
resources,' should hare a linen in
dustry ; of its own, for while we
were at the time seven times the
i largest linen consumer in .the
world, there were! only two' small
crash towel mills in the United
States one : at Appleton, Wis., an
other at- Springfield, Mass. Mrs.
Stockbridge then said:
. VMy. niece, who is the wife of
. the present governor of Oregon, is
very anxious to do something dur
ing her husband's administration
tp help the farmers, for all farm
. products were so low. Would I
wjlte ker," for she knew Oregon
was a fine flax erowlna- state.
; Just before Christmas' of that
. year I wrote Mrs. Lord, as re
quested by her aunt. I think is
was" the next year that she started
the Woman's Flax Fibre associa
tion, and while; the mill was burn
ed and, they met with other re-
. Tersest that association did. more
thananjt one,,els (not excepting
our government) j to demonstrate
what could be done with Oregon
tUx. i . t' "
i I JUrs. Lord Ai Omaha
I Then came the Omaha Exposi
tion, where I placed .'and superin
tended a flax exhibit for the state
of Minnesota, and, strange enough,
the Oregon exhibit was placed next
; t that of my own state The gov
ernment had also a fine flax ex-
. hibiti there,' but the man in charge
knewjnohlBg of flax, and while
: there was always a crowd at the
Minnesota" exhibit, because it was
a live exhibit; a woman making
torcheon -nil low tn hnw that
It too was made from flax; and I
talked to the people about our
state and what we hoped to do
with' flax. : fi :
, . One day I went of er tp, the gov
ernment exhibit, j I found i no. one
there except a lady and gentleman,
and I overheard the man make
gome remark about the exhibit. J
immediately stepped up and ex
. plained the whole exhibit, and, tp
, prove the interest, may I say thai
a crowd soon gathered I to hear
wfiaf T fcflfl rt f All' tham atiiiit f1,r '
Then I wrote Mrs. Lord to come,
on, which she did (at her own ex
pense; of, course). She remained
ten days and we proceeded to or
ganize a National Flax Fibre asso
ciation. But that died a natural
death!. That was the first and
onlv timA 1 net Mrs. Lord. I found
hef a charming woman, and with
It all so practical, but we kept up
a rapid correspondence ever since
and one topic was always "flax." if
1 Soon alter Mrs. Lord ' returned
fc.ome a gentleman from Belgium
came to see me, who had a tank
system of retting. , I advised him
to go to Oregon, which he did. But
he Was a. foreigner and, had much
to learn of " American business
methods and did not quite succeed,
but I understand the penitentiary
had! improved upon ythese tanks
and is still using the system which
Mr; Loppens introduced:.
, la The Great Centers ' .
Then I was honored by appoint
ment as judge on linens at the
Paris exposition In 190 and while
there Mrs. Lor4 WTotes me that the
Woman's Flsx I Fibre I association
had sent a ton of flax fibre to Bel
gium; to be spun and woven into
napkins, that they could see for
themselves just what quality- of
goods Oregon flax would make
She ordered them sent to me to
carry home. I did so, and I am
happy to say they, compared very
favorably with high class goods of
same texture and-weight, and this
I could say sincefely. after having
so recently had spread before meJ
the very best ! products of the
world. ! f f ::l -
After leaving I'aris I Journeyed
to' Brussels, where r4 met Mrs
Card, of your jsate, t who was at
the time vice president of the Wo
man's Flax Fibre association; also
Sir. Loppens, with his friend, Dr.
Leo ; Backland, from s Yonkers, N.
Yj, who was also vitally interested
in the development of flax. We
went together toXkmrtraL the flax
center of the world. Flax is retted
there In the river Lys, that slow,'
sluggish stream,' where flax has
been retted for two hundred years.
We 8a w there ar toads of flax
shipped from Russia! which at
that time produced eighty per cent
of all the flax grown. There we
were shown through jthe scutching
mills, where they produce such
beautiful fibre, but the work was
done mostly by 'hand.
- .1 could not return home without
peeing Ireland. My stopping place
was Belfast, where I had a friend
connected with the linen industry.
He, I assure you; spared no pains
In showing me about and I saw
the f Intricate workings of those
looms that have been brought to
such perfection that they seem al
most human. ? We speak of Irish
linen yes, Irish' linen but not
Irish flax, for a very small per
centage of the flax? is grown In
Ireland; but the most of it comes
from Russia, as I have before
stated.' ' t
1 The Polling' Machine
; '' And now to the pulling machine
Many attempts have been made to
perfect such a machine, but none
have been a. success. It is really
the first important step in the
manipulation of flax and if the
flax puller is j all that is claimed
for it, it will certainly go a long
ways toward establishing the flax
Industry. Then; ; I understand, a
successful scutching' mill is estab
lished at the Oregon penitentiary.
fl ji Sorting Is Important
K One important matter should
not be lost sight of the "sort
ing." ; It may not amount to much
at (first, but it will show to the
world the kind of fibre Oregon is
able to produce.' It has made my
heart ache to see as fine flax as
could be found anywhere dumped
in all together,; when the buyers
were crying out for Just such ma
terial and almost paying its weight
in gold for that very grade of flax.
' Of spinning machines and looms
I will not speak, for If money is
forthcoming that line of machin
ery can easily be had.
j As the Pendleton editor says, it
is not wise for people to become
stampeded in a matter of this sort,
but there is no! danger of over
production. I i I I
i l have recently talked with a
buyer for one of our leading dry
goods stores in this city, who only
last week returned from abroad,
and he told me that he visited
some of the largest and best mills
and they were all catering to the
United States trade; that ' they
were putting forth every effort to
produce a product to suit the Am
erican trade, . but better , finish,
bringing forth new; designs, and in
every way trying to suit the Amer-
mind you 'that Europe is not today
producing fUw raw material - she
did before! fre war- and tne con"
sequences ar V that mercerized cot
ton is very e.ensIvely taking the
place of linen--, but a poor substl
tute. I w '' ''
Oregon Fib?r Flax State
While! many oA our ; states can
grow flax, it will nVver be general
as with! Oregon. We here in
Minnesota have expe Timented wtih
fibre flax.) but witho ut labor sav
ing machinery it co. lid not be
made a financial suc'css. But
having the largest Ul Veed mills
in the world, a large . acreage of
flax seed I is grown ye rly and
from thU fibre we hav" several
large establishments, sucl t as the
Klearflax rug8. Two plt-Vits are
making Insulation for refri verator
cars, for building purposes, iltc. A
large amount is used for furniture,
too. : I i - .
And. dear Mrs. Lord was tn'ji oi
vision, but she did not lfve to', see
her dre4m come true, and, as the
Oregon Statesman has so ven
Baid, she isaw further and .betu -r
than did the men of her ;timA-
Words fail me to express myseli
as, to me worm ot uu grauu
noble woman. As a friend and co
worker jshe will ge greatly missed.
2813 Pillsbury Ave., T
Minneapolis, Minn.,
Sept. 5, 1924.
(Continued from i page 9)
j : ....
last analysis results are what real
ly count in the , poultry business.
Both as a, matter of pride, as well
as for Its permanency, the poultry
house should be painted, and If
yards are needed, .the fences also
look better if the posts are given a
coat of paint. .
An attractive poultry plant
stocked with good fowl often
brings ' cash customers, especially
so if the poultryman happens to
be in the breeding business. The
prospective customer likes to buy
from the breeder who takes great
pride in his or her establishment.
The best reason for this perhaps is
the fact that the poultryman who
produces quality stock generally
keeps them in a healthy and at
tractive environment. .
SI 1
With 1184 cows in 61 herds on
test the Tillamook number one
cow testing association has fin
ished the year of 1923-24 with an
average production per cow of
8300. pounds of milk containing
367 pounds of butterfat, reports
G. A. Peters, tester. That is more
than double the average produc
tion for the state, and an aver
age of 300 pounds is considered
good. H -
In this cow testing association
51 of the 61 herds exceeded that
average. The 10 highest herds
had 195 cows that averaged 436
pounds of fat. The 10 lowest had
14? cows that averaged 276
pounds.! That "low" figure ex
ceeds by about 30 pounds Tilla
mook County's general average
and Is more than 100 pounds
above : the state average. The
high herd, owner by Durrer , &
Son, averaged 450 pounds for its
25 cows.
The-milk produced by the cows
in this association was valued at
8255,360 and the total feed cost
was figured at $84,675. To cov
er labor costs, interest, deprecia
tion and the like the owners still
had 8170,685 8144 per cow.
This - Tillamook association has
been in operation for about 12
years,! pays N. Q. Jamison, dairy
specialist in charge of cow test
ing association work for the Ore
gon Agricultural college extension
service; A steady Increase in av
erage! production has been noted,
brought about largely through use
of purebred sires, elimination, of
unprofitable cows, and better feed-:
Ing practices.
The 'state agricultural economic
conference in considering ways
and means of building up Oregon's
dairy industry, reported that a
most (effective means of increase
lng average production per cow is
through keeping systematic rec
ords,! and that this can best be
done through cow testing associa
tions. Tillamook records show
Mean taste; ar.d lastly, let me re-the conference was right. ?
v' 7 "V ' . -
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I m s r
IJ:- r!th IVgtkir? Ccrer Hi-h ana CqxiiX
Thifc Means More Than 300 Passengers Are Handled
;. There Every Day, and a Service Rendered That Is Mod
t: ern and Cannot.Be Had in Any Other Way They Bring
;? Much Trade tp Salem and Do a Great Deal in Bjuilding
i 1 a Bigger and Better City ,
MOver 300 people on -an average
afrive at and depart from the Sa
lem stage terminal each day, on
the 96 stages that report there,
and the ticket sales here, at the
Efage office In the Terminal hotel,
ivhich is conducted in connection
yrith the stage terminal, run above
$250 a day on the average.
ylThis figure does not include
transfers, many of whom are forc
ed to remain in the city for a short
time. ; ' j
1 There are at least 56 drivers of
these stages, 14 people employed
around the terminal-; station in
connection with the stage business.
vand six taxi drivers. Most of these
p eople have their homes or head-
-- It Is( a Xew fdea
is only a few years ago that
the , present idea of:t system of
stage lines, operating upon a def
inite schedule, was conceived, and
it is ati outgrowth of the old "jit
bey" wlilch hauled people around
the city and made special trips.
Tjhese wi?re in demand between
towns sepa1 rated by : only a tew
miles, and hey gradually adopted
a, regular mour of arrival and de
parture. '
j Stage lines ' have opened a new
era In transportation. Gone' are
the days when traveling man is
after having been forced to spend
only a comparatively few minutes
transacting business in one town.
Instead of waiting he is now able
to -visit several customers in as
many towns and still get back
home in time for a short visit with
his family. New: .:- territory has
been opened. Prom the Salem
stage terminal tickets are sold
direct for southern Oregon, points
and various beaches,, quick con
nections being assured the passen
ger., Make Many Connections
Stages at Roseburg arrive- in
time to make j connections with
those for southern Oregon points,
including Grants Pass (gateway to
the Oregon caves); Medford, the
quickest route to Crater Lake, and
then on to Ashland and Klamath
Falls. This latter; trip can now be
made in several hours , legs time
than that needed by rail; and is
shorter. Connections are made
from Eugene, to Bend, and , from
there to various Jeastern Oregon
points. In fact, the whole coast
is now covered by connecting .stage
lines. I i
Besides the J Portland-Salem
lines coming into and going out
of the Salem terminal, there is the
line to Eugene and Roseburg and
on south, the one to Mill City, to
DA. "l -
F.- - :-v ..... .vt j . ,
W ii w' "
". ,.. Mr ' ' - ,
. " ...
Home of MacDonald Auto Co.; Packard Agents in Salem; Also Home
of Forssell Hap mobile Co. ";
and Monmouth and McMInnville,
and all the coast resort points, like
the Tillamook beaches, Coos Bay
etc., have connecting lines- Stages
fromSeattle to San Diego make
Salem calls. : - j I T
They Bring Much Trad ,
Mill City trade has been
brought to Salem to a large extent
by the stages, ; though formerly It
went to Albany, the rail connec
tion: All the other lines bring
business to Salem, I
r Where the stage or Jitney for
merly picked up its passengers on
the street, or had a stand at some
designated place, the demand
proved so great that cities have
been forced to designate a central
place to discharge and receive pas
sengers, much as any'union depot
is maintained by, -the- railroads.
These sub-let rooms for . restau-
forced to wait hoursb for a train Dallas, Silverton, Independence raunts and other concessions and
now the average city stage term
inal provides k night's lodging for
the traveler and many of the .per
sonal articles ( and attentions that
he may demand. This also. does
its share toward contributing . to
the volume of the city's business
and adds dollars to the payroll In
addition, to sales to out of town
people .who otherwise would not
spend their money In the city
through Which they traveled. -
Many Improvements Made A
There is a $90,000 terminal
building at Eugene, and one cost
ing $50,000 at; Roseburg,! owned
largely by the ? same people who
control the ' ones at Salem and
Portland and Seattle and other
Washington cities. 1
The stages are all owned indi
vidual mostly by the men who
drive them. S They have a cooper
ative arrangement, all working to-
gether. Eight new Fageol stages,
are on the lines running' : south
from Salem. The new equipment
on these lines cost about
$100,000; counting the district
from Salem to Ashland. There ia
a lot of new equipment on the line,
between -Salem -and Portland;,
three or four big new stages.
The owners of the stages pay
the terminal people according to
the number of stages and the cash,
handled for the tickets.
The stage people of Oregon have;
formed themselves Into the Oregon
Motor Staefi association, of which
J. M. Hutson is secretary and man
ager, his office being in Portland;
W..W. Chadwick is the manager,
of the 'Salem, .terminal; Richard
Shepard4at;Eugene; W. A. Cum4
mings at r Roseburg, and - J. . S;
Snead at Portland, v " l
Bit' s Fi E&
' !; I Y ' - - ' I ''.'j'- h--'. i M ' - ! nj.. ' fji
i Ltd Mm .; '. , r-:-'-- :
i:; Eastmae
One-half actual size of Camera." Makes 24 and 3V pictures
In whatever way you spend the day you will find
that this camera will make it doubly enjoyable, for
with it you can make good pictures of all the good times
you have, of your home, of lyour friends and everything
else you care about.
Is a well made, substantial . camera in every respect
It loads in daylight, has automatic shutter for timd
and snap shot exposures and a; carefully, tested meni
iscus lens of the ? very finest quality. Each camera i$
thoroughly tested by the Eastman Kodak Co., before
it is $ent out. 1 -
Everybody in this city should have
Amateur photograpny has been made so easy,-and there is such pleasure and satisfaction in pictures
with jour personal interests in them, that one who hasn't a camera is really depriving himself of a
great deal of pleasure, which he could otherwise have, with practically no effort on his part.
So it is that arrangements have been made by our bank in cooperation with the largest banks in this
country and the Eastman Kodak Co.', by which a fully reliable, simple 'operated camera can be placed
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patrons to get one or these excellent cameras berore the campaign is over.
To anyone opening a Savings Account to the amount of ! $10.00 or
i more we will present a Camera FREE j "
elted States National.