The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, August 24, 1924, Page 9, Image 9

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Part Two
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Pages 1 to 6
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. All doubt In the minds of the
aj - .
general public as to the composU
tlon ot the prehistoric mound on
the Lli tie North. Fork of the Ban
s' .
tlam river, about 10 miles east of
. Mehama, will be settled by the
report published at the conclusion 1
of this article, made after an ex-
. amination by Dr. D. C. Living
V ston.c nrofessor of ceolosr at the
Ti Oregon Agricultural college.
This nrehiatorlc mound la on the
fcouth bank of the river, and wlth-
In 100 feet from the wagon road
leading to the mining district 12
miles further up the river. The
t north side .of the mound runs
downto the very bank of the
s stream, and on that side the pile
ke of rocsls at Its base probably
16U leet beiow an imaginary line
-" running- even, with the top of the
f pile. -The base of the mound pro
per Is 'about SO feet wide from
Aeast to west. 75 feet long from
A north, to south, and about 75 feet
high from the base proper front
line the road j to . the top of , the
1 pile. It narrows to about five by
eight feet at the top. which Is
flaU ( . .
. Thought It a Tomb
, The land on which this mound
k stands was formerly owned by
NewnrQulmby, father-in-law of
the present owner, Charles Find
.ley, whose present address is Me
hama, Oregon,' but he has spent
"the' last 10 years in California.
, though he. is a native ot Oregon.
. born at Buena VUta.
, Newill Quimby, the former
owner. belieTed that this prehis
toric mound was a tomb, of some
dignitary of a long extinct race,
r He held tp . this belief . while he
. lived, and on his death bed charg
dd his wife to never part with, the
40. acres on which the mound
stands; e to not : let the title of
what he called "the stone house"
KO out of the family.
I , ; Followed Isnls Fatnus
, " Mr. Findley conceired the idea
that the mound is the tomb of
t-wrn . neonla. And that there are
.-"trainable articles In the tomb, in-
:. .lnitti mnnav n Ha rot this
. VUUi , mwmw . i
or, what he thought, were the
ro mn tines of rood snlrits: and
Mrs. Findley ahared" -with hint the
Idea; and also the idea that the
nlrits of the Imagined burled dig
nitaries were attempting to pre-
Tent the penetration of their sup-
y-posea (omovi ;
t So ; Mr. Findley has been digr
I t King and blasting a tunnel into
. the. Interior of the mound. He has
; gone in about 50. feet, and he has
been working away 'faithfully vat
' this , self imposed Usk, assisted
by members of their families, and
, -encouraged by Mrs. Findley. The
I Findley hare had 10 chilren,
some of them grown, and Jthe
youngest of them small tots; one
j' bright boy of about 12. The
r family is camped at the mound,
, and the work of digging and
blasting has been,. olng r on - for
about eight months In all; and
with ImplemenU . that , would be
considered crude, by a competent
"inlner. - -i: - I -T-.-'-r-V
Very Positive About It
Mr. Findley has built, up the
ory that the stones that form the
'mound were put there by human
a hands, in regular courses, and
t cemeated together. He hki found
nine dlfferentshadea of this "ce-
ment,, most of them reddish, as
lf formed, partly by the blood of
, amlmals. He does not say this.
examlned the mound and the "ce
ment" between the stones is that
.it may be that of the enemies of
'the tribe killed in. battle. .
i.-.. Any way, the above waa the
j gist of the theory that was built
and bought blasting powder and
bent his back to the task of find
ing the bodies and the treasure.
Iured By Discoveries
He was lured ,: by what he
thought were hollow sounds, grow
, lng more distinct, day by day,
when - using his hammer orf the
walls. of the tonnelji also. by find
Wlng what he thought, were petrl--fied
human bones In the J'cement."
The people ot all the country
around, attd the mining, men and
suiaiaer resorters, hare come to
a. call the pile of rocks "King Tufs
Tomb" and they have . wondered
If Mr. Findley might before long
vcone at the end of his work, upon
i discoveries that would render him
rirW aad fimoui man: "in posses-
i,eion of .treasure ana reiics ni
would bring tourists from near
V j ...inr nrlmfaslnn to' see
BUU 1U m " - - -
ik. trMM thlncra brought down
frnm a lonsr fOTBotten age. , . :
The speculation was heightened
aty the fact that the stones in tne
itnonni. some of them weigning iu
tons or more, are flat and more or
less regular In ahape, and that on
Jiha vest side they form stepping
i stoses like the blocks of the pyra
p! cf Ejypt. Also, by the fact
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Photograptilc . views of the. pre-hlstoric mound, takem last Sunday
by Prof. J. B. Horner, ' The upper picture is. the mound as seen from
the' southwest, with members of the exploring party and others in the
front. The lower picture in a view of the south tunnel opening, with
Charles Findley holding a hammer In the center of the groups and
his fellow Workers with him. Prof.' J. B. Horner on the extreme left.
that the stones forming the mound
are not like the other rocks found
hi the; neighborhood. "They are
dark and very, hard.1 They are
basaltic rocks, j . .
Their Hopes Blasted
; - 4,
This was the condition up to
last Sunday. Prof. John B. Horn
er, had ...told'iD:UietmbM:
excltemenfTby a Statesman report
er who had passed that way, and
he immediately arranged to have
it examined , by Dr. D. C- Living
ston, ; prof essor of geology of the
Oregon Agricultural college. .This
visit, made last Sunday, brought
quite a party to the spot, includ
ing General George A. White; Col.
C B. Bartrum,i Mrs. J. L. Brady
of Salem, and others. . 4
Prof. Horner . took a number, ot
photographs while Dr. Livingston
was' busy with his examination
But Dr. Livingston saw quickly
that the lure of Mr. Findley and
his faithful wife was a cruel ignis
fatnus; a creation of the imagin
ation. ' : I
, The writer of these lines is very
much of a layman in the chemi
cal field, so will not object to cor
rection , in the following words:
The basaltic rocks of the mound,
not found in ;, the neighborhood,
are there because they are very
hard and durable. The - storms
and floods of -a million or two
million years have worn away the
softer rocks. . Nature has covered
the country around with soil. The
basaltic rocks at the top of the pile
were even with the surrounding
landscape, or fir escape, when they
were belched forth as a molten
mass. The softer rocks have
worn; away; the harder basaltic
rocks have remained. The sur
face of the earth is never station
ary. It is always changing. J It
has receded at that point 75 feet,
leaving the top of this ' basaltic
mound 75 feet higher than the
land at Its base. .And the "ce
ment?" : That is precipitated Iron
ore washed Into the seams of the
rocks that were broken Into seams
when they cooled. Its' different
colors? Water carries - many
kinds of precipitates. , Hence the
varying colors. Iron ore is ' red
dish, and basaltic rocks are 20
per cent Iron, 'Hence the ""red
hills" south of Salem. .They are
volcanic ; ash - i of basaltic ? . ock,
spewed, np in the long, long ago,
when this world, or this part ot
the world was as hot as the hot
test imaginary or real hell; - and
there was no living thing here.
Not even a cactus plant "or a fab
led phenix bird or a salamander.
As ,to the supposed "petrified
bones?" They are the 'solidified
precipitates of rocks of that pecu
liar, color carried in the water;
and. they. were ages long In being
gathered Into the formations In
which they are now found. ' (Here
end the layman's words.)
But let Dr. Livingston tell his
own story, which he does in the
following, written after his Inves
tigations: ; U : .V.-'-;L
i f The Geologist's Findings .
' ' (Prepared by p.'C. Livingston,
The "Stone Hod se" on the Little North Tork of the SaiitUm, Tan Miles Abov Mehama,
on the Elkhorn Boad Girea np Seereta "Hand that Faahioned this Natural Monument Waa
the Hand of the Creator, Working in the Orderly Procaiaea in the Great .Workshop.
. -5 1
Professor of geology, Oregon Ag
ricultural College.) '
' When molten rock Irises from
the interior ot the earth It travels
upwards' through different, types
of openings in the rocks" through
which It passes. Some of these
are roughly circular and give rise
to, volcanic - mountains. Lava
however often reaches the earth's
surface through fissures, some of
which are hundreds, ; and some
only a few, feet in length- These
fiSsures likewise vary considerably
in width from a few Inches up to
a hundred feet or more. J i
i" When the lava cools it event
ually., hardens into solid rock.
When it pours up , through these
fissures and spreads out over vast
areas of country we see its effects
as in the great lava flows, which
the Columbia river has exposed
above The Dalles. When it cools
in the fissures it forms what the
miner and .geologist term "dikes."
The solidified lava Is often harder
than the rock it pierces, and when
this' Is ' the .case these dikes ; are
left standing above. the surround
ing country. The name dike was
derived, from this fact, which Is
due to. the. slow and, constantly
acting forces of. erosion, wearing
down the earth's surface and car
rying the soil and , rock into the
creeks and rivers.
j When lava cools it shrinks, like
everything else. When it shrinks
it must occupy . less volume or
space than it did formerly. Ac
cordingly it . will part or crack
along certain planes, like drying
mud on a river, bed, and the form
erly molten lava, will, when cool
ed, consist -ot a mass of blocks sep
arated by these planes. In differ-
Pacific City, Neslcowln,
Netarts, Oceanside
Garibaldi, Bar View ,
' Kockaway, . Manhattan .
'and all Tiliamoox Beaches ;
-jr-.t .:V",; Also' to .v.',;."
Dayton, Newberg, Sheridan,
WiUamina; Grand Ronde,
Dolph, Hebo, Bearer
: arid Tillamook
(Via McMlnnvlUe)
Leave Saiexn Daily
7:45 a. 12:30 p.
;. 4:39 p. m.
For Rates, etew1 call , ,
Central Stage Terminal :f
.Court and High Streets
. ! Phone : . -
Portland Newberg,
McBIinnTille, Tillamook
? Stages, Inc. ;
' . Haiem-aicMinnviUo ttagea
ent lavas the different, planes do
not always meet at the same angle
and are in some : cases invisible.
The quarry man, however, always
knows that they are! there and
takes advantage of them in blast
ing. Sometimes these planes can
be seen The commonest lava in
the northwest . is basalt. Basalt
when it shrinks parts along three
planes which lie at 120 degrees
to one another- j These planes
start from a number of different
centers in the lava and, as the
shrinking proceeds, jthe rock will
be divided. Into a number of six
sided or hexagonal! blocks. These
blocks often 'extend., completely
across the flow or dike and form a
series of columns. : If , the flow . Is
horizontal the columns stand ver
tically, while if the lava is In the
form of a dike the! columns will
lie horizontal or nearly so. Some
times these dikes look like a stack
of hexagonally shaped cord wood
sticks formed of rock. - The col
umns, when present, always form
ed at right angles to the cooling
surface. '
This explains the curious forma
tion on the Little North Fork of
the Santiam river above Mehama,'
which has been taken for a pre
historic tomb constructed by the
hands of men. The , hand that
fashioned this curious natural
monument was thej hand of the
Creator, working by orderly pro
cesses in the greatj workshop of
the earth. , No race! of men could
have , laid these : . blocks, which
weigh several tons, Jin. the manner
in which they lie today. ... . ' . .
Man In the last 150 years has
begun to know a little about the
processes ot the Creator, with the
results that we all know and real
ise in . the inventions and discov
eries of these busy times. Geology
is but one of the .sciences which
endeavors to explain these, pro
cesses. i. I
(Portland Journal)
: For Burled Treasure
A hos for finding buried trea
sure, a belief that a huge pile of
rocks in the Cascade mountains
was the tomb of ancient kings, an
imagination tired by dreams of the
sensation that would come, from
the discovery of the kingly re
mains in their coffins with adorn
ments of jewels and gold, has kept
Frank) Findley blasting tunnels
into the huge rock monument for
the past eight months. At last
account, the tunneling was still
In progress..-.; V
I, The curious stone pile is in the
Elkhorn ; district, ; a dozen miles
east of Mehama, Marion county,
in a spot where mountains are
big and gorges deep and where.
nature is wild and, picturesque, a
fit ; burial place for ancient mon-
archs. ..'n ' , . ' .
i.The great stone monument cov
ers almost an acre of ground, and
Is 7 to 100 feet high In the form
of a pyramid, a form to which
. , Cool and rcfreahing, bctweea Tilla
mook Bay and Oeaan. ! All adTantafaa
of otter beachea. Plenty driftwood for
lonflrea, erabe, daraa, j f iih, etc. Store,
postofflca and hotels jhandy. Bunga
lows for tbrea or foBr.j $12 week, with
beddtnf. complete fumishinc. water,
lighta and wood. Call for .circular at
Stateamaa office, i For reaervatioaa
aend depoait of f 5.00 to Mra. L. E.
Latoorette, 313 City j Hall, Portland.
There are positions today
In :. business offices for
those who are qualified
in business correspond
ence, i . Everyone should
have , a thorough knowl
edge of business English
and correspondence. We
can give you this training.
: ' - '" ' lit ': I '.
- i jr a
ancient-minds seemed toY turn
The stone is very hard and differs
from the general character of that
in the immediate locality. What
seems to be mortar or cement,
sometimes yellow and sometimes
red, in the spaces ! between the
stones, fill Findley with a convic
tion that human hands reared the
monument, and surely no such
colossal work and pains would be
invoked to make a burial place
tor other than ancient kings, j
t Ahd to further tire his mind,
there was the recent history of the
discovery of old King Tufs tomb
and all the glittering gold and
buried treasure unearthed with it.
More to the point, occasionally l as
his two tunnels, one of 40 and the
other of 50 feet were blasted into
And use this rokd log. It will tell you the exact condition of the highway from
V ' Salem to Newport
LEAVING Salem you follow the
Pacific Highway to Jefferson
which Is 18 miles from Sa
lem, then on to Albany 10 miles
farther. . This portion of the trip
is all. on paving and the streets
of the towns are plainly marked
with highway signs so yon cannot
miss the road. "-. j '
The bridge at Albany' Is closed,
so you turn to the left at the foot
of the bridge and take the east
side route to Corvallls, 37 miles
from Salem. This Is an excellent
gravel road.; j
Follow t the Newport , highway
signs out of Corvallls and yon will
find a gravel road taking yon into
Philomath, 45.5 miles from Salem.
Confectionery, Fountain Drinks,
Millf and-Creanr,"-Bakery
with home-cooked prod
ucts., pies, cakes, and other
good things. - v
Philomath, Oregon.
,,' After leaving. Philomath jthe
road is slightly rough for the first
tew miles but one .is comfortable
at. a speed ot about 25 miles.
About 12 miles from Philomath
proceed more carefully, as there
Is a. rock - crusher and a bridge
under construction, both requiring
short, detours of a few feet on a
rather narrow road. ' i
After these detours the road Is
excellent and fainy straight Into
Eddyvllle, which 75.1 miles from
Salem. This portion of the road
follows in succession the Marys,
Little Elk, and Taqulna rivers'.
Anyone wishing to tarry and f iBh
for a short time shoud stop and
ask Mr. Mauch. proprietor of the
service station and store in Eddy
vllle to direct them as there is ex
cellent fishing, i , .
- Service ; Station, Garage,
General Merchandise
C. T. C. & Goodyear Tires!
Eddyvllle, Oregon
The halfway station . between
Corvallls and Newport L
From Eddyvllle to Toledo' which
is 93.2 miles from Salem, jthe
highway is freshly graveled and
a wonderfully scenic trip. The
fact that there are numerous
curves and. rather heavy traffic
requires that you exercise cau
tion.:. . :. ,
On reaching the outskirts of
Newport, if you wish to go to
Agate Beach turn to the right at
the first service station , that you
reach and follow the plank road
for three miles. If yon wish to
go to Nye Beach follow the high
way Into town until you reach
the stage , terminal, 100 miles
from Salem, then turn to the right
and follow the planking, or it you
wish to go to the downtown sec
tion turn to the left at the. termi
nal and follow the planking. ;!
Carrier Pigeons Prefer Ships
To Flight Across Channel
July 2 1. American : ships seldom
make the trip between Bremer
haven and Southampton without
having carrier pigeons' as passen
gers. The crews ot the shipping
board vessels have made a prac
tice of supplying the tired carriers
with food ; and water, and they
seem to have' learned to identify
the American flag and maker for
Our Classified Advertisements Bring Results
the great piles he came across
what seemed to, be petrified bones,
thai effect of which was to keep
him in a constant state of excite
ment in his quest. : ' ;
Added to it all, the curious for
mation has long been the subject
of speculation among those who
have seen it. It is so unnatural
fn appearance and so much resem
bles the work of, human hands
that the fact of its existence and
Its strange character have long
been the topic ot comment and
discussion in surrounding coun
ties. Partly for this reason, Find
ley moved from Oakland, Cal.. to
the scene of the big stone pyramid
to search for the tomb of the
kings. ; ' ' -'j
A Real Place to Eat.
Sea FootJs A Specialty
Dining room over the bay
Near boat landing
Bert E. Allen, Prop..
Gas and Oil
Lincoln County's Largest.
1 Garage'
(Formerly The Coffee Cop)
I, Where Highway and City
j : ' Meet" . ; - "
Fast and personal , service
featured. Meals, Fountain,
' Lunches.
Burt Humbarger, Prop.
Agate Beach Inn
Most seen le beach on the
Pacific coast
Three floors of solid comfort
Dining room In connection -
An ideal bathing and agate
beach sheltered from the strong
For rates and reservations
Katherine George
Agate Beach, Oregon
Nicolia Hotel
On Nye Beach
Newport, Ore.
Bigger and Better
60 Rooms $1 Up
Running Water Steam Heated
200 Feet From Ocean
- Meals Served ,
A. J. HOWELL, Mgr.
Phone 8805
the Stars , and Stripes whenever
they are weary.
1 Usually the birds seek the ships
Cherry City Cottages
Clean Cottages
; ' Reasonable Prices
For reservations please write to
Box 423 Newport
Last Sunday an outing party
carried bad news to the man who
has spent eight ; months in . the
quest for ancient trimmings of a
royal tomb. In the party were
Professor Horner of QAC,; Dr. Liv
ingston, Robert J. Hendricks and
Adjutant General White, who told
Findley that the pile of stones
with supposed layers of mortar
between is a natural formation,
that it is not the work of human
hands at all, that it is no burial
place of kings, and that his eight
months of toil Is labor lost, v . j
If you wonder . why Findley
launched his enterprise, call back
to mind the thousands of old min
ers who spent decades In; fruitless
quest and arrived empty handed
at the sundown of life, or remem
Souvenir Store
Agate Catting and Mounting
Oregon Pictures, Agate Jewelry
Ed Stocker, Prop.
Kya Batch sad, Front 8tret .
Cliolc, freih and earad nesU of aU
kinds. Poultry, etc
' Front Street Phone 7505 !
Xym Beach Phone 2551.
Drop Vt a Cxd and We Win gave
Ton a 8UU
' Aeeeteorlen, Oil. Oreisee
t Bepalrins oa AU Mnken of Cars
- s . NYE BEACH r -
' Skating Rink
Hardwood floor 123x53 ;
You will find this an ideal place
to spend your evenings half way
between bay and ocean. ; '
; The Log Cabin '
Lunches and Confectionery
Special Sunday Dinner Served.
This house Is conducted by
former Salem people, ahd solic
its your patronage.
: Erfckson and Johnson, Props.
Park Hotel ;
Mrs. Pnch. of CorvaBU, la charxo of
dlnlns room. Bates $2.60 per day
(meals and bed). One block from pott
office. -.
As You Like It
Home Cooking and Baking.
Confectionery In connection
Everything new and clean
In the heart of the Nye Beach
- : business section
Mrs. Stella Flemrning
. ' rrop.
Stage Line
We run tyro stages daily,
both to and from Corvallis.
A three-hour ride f rom" Cor
vallis to Newport through
some of the best scenery in
the west, in comfortable
stages driven ; by careful
drivers. '
Newport -Agate Beach
Development Company
ber how the human Imagination
is stirred and fanned at tales ot
dreams of buried treasure.;
(The above, from the editorial
page of the Portland Journal of
Wednesday, has the name of
Charles Findley incprrect; but it
is otherwise a good portrayal of
the pathetic picture. !. The man of
science, the geologist, in such
cases has a hard and unpleasant
task. No matter how kind of
heart he may be (as in this and
other cases), h,e Is hound to be
considered a very 'bard-boiled In
dividual by the man or men whose
hopes are blasted by his findings.
But he must stick to the facts;
(Continued oa page 4)
If you are Interested in buying
a cottage or a lot to build on,
price right, terms easy,
abby Hotel Bldg. Phone 7461
Insurance and Loans
Ashcraft Lumber Co.
Building material of all
v Neat, clean and attractive .
Your comfort and satisfaction
. Is our aim
. For .reservations address
FEED n. COnXEr. Kewport, Orecoa
The Old Playgrounds
, Overlooking Ocean
Cottages and Apartments by the
.. Week or. Month .
Garage a -Connection
We Appreciate Reservations
J." U. H. AXDERSOJT, Prop. '
. Newport, Ore 4 ,
r , Newport's
New Natatorium
. -.: i-.. ;, r. ' ......
is open for the season.
In connection with the nata
torium we have the best dance
hall In this part of Oregon,
with a splendid orchestra.
Our lunch room serves the
best at all times.
Only four hours' drive from
Salem over excellent paved and
graveled roads, i
. Directly adjacent to the best
part of the bathing beach,
P. T. Coleman, Mgr.
Gochnour and Read, Props.
Opposite notel Gllmore
at Nye Beach
Dr. M. Adell Gochnour, chiro
practor physician with massage
and electrical treatments.
Hours from 10 a. m. to p. m.
Newly furnished housekeeping
' rooms In connection