SUNDAY MORNING. JULY 6, 1924 i IMPORTANT TO HOME BUILDERS BUYERS TTAVE you your own home, or do you need help to plan your home! Are you paying out good money for rent and yet' nothing for it but rent receipts! Let me give you my price on your new home. Tdo nothing but first-class work, and I am sure to save, you money. ; I am doing it for others, why not for yout I; will build any kind of a home you wish,, from brick, tile, or stucco, and guarantee Jny work. always have new homes for sale, 4, 5, 6, and 7-room homes, well built. I will be glad to . show you some of these brand new homes ready to move in. As low as $100 will move you in and the rest like rent. It will pay you if you are thinking about a home, to see me. THE OREGON STATESMAN. SALEM. OREGON V: VvV J - ' .. : - ' -ii - -T , - ' I I j v V t r r -.ci ; 1 11,11 ;; 11 111 1,1 1 il, ,, ; ' 1 ., - r ' ' , - ..-..-- s CDURTES BEGINS MONDAY Chamber of Commerce Pre pares Information of Ben efit to Tounsts Observance of "Courtesy Week" W01 begin Monday morning,' and In' order that Salemites may be able to give full information upon all matters realtive'to points of Interest and Information pertain ing to Salem and ; the district, at tention of "Courtesy Week" is be log called to all members of the chamber of commerce in a special letter sent out by Ilarley O. White, pt;eident- Included in the letter is., a booklet containing all infor mation that is necessary to inform tile visitor or tourist about Salem and the district. Is Varied Center Information not included in the pamphlet ' is given in the letter, which declares that there 1 no district or Talley in the United States that has so much to brag about as the Salem district, which is' the center of the greatest fruit district of the norh west, including Italian prunes, loganberries, straw berries and gooseberries. In addi tion it Is the center of production for the finest flax fibre in the world, greatest' hop producing center.' It Is the fruit and berry canning center of the northwest, with six large canneries operating a greater portion of the year. Few Foreign Born . No city in the United States, for LOOKING AHEAD I FOR lc , .' Plan now for winter comfort by asking for further Informa tion regarding the most econo mical heating plant on the market. - Eastman Sibloco Furnaces ? 079.60 and up A le post card brings the Information without any obli gation on your part. Silver ton Blow Pipe ".V; Co. - ', SUverton, Oregon its size, has so many Americans as Salem, the letter j concludes. No city , in the United States has so many home owners and' so little foreign element. : j ?; : Detailed information regarding the .industrial plants arid the var ious state institutions are also given in the booklet. Other points contained - in the, booklet are as follows: A Few Statistics. J Altitude a bore set level, 171 feet at the state capitol building. An educational city with Wil lamette University; for the higher learning." j j- V' - ( January 1, 19t4, population, 22.099, an increase of 25 per cent in four years. j ( An all American city with no foreign element. In Salem, $3 per cent of its people were born in the United States, i I j Salem is completing ! its new Junior high school building at a cost of $235,000.! It is on the Pacific highway, j ! v In Salem, 62 per cent of its peo ple own and live in their homes. The average for the United States is 45.2 per cent, j v ' j . In Salem, during the first six months of 1924, building permits were issued for 143 homes, to cost more than, $600,000. ; On the great Pacific highway, 50 miles south of .Portland. In the center of 31,000 acres of fruits, berries and nuts.' Center of a great diversified farming dis trict in the fertile Willamette val ley of Oregon.-'; ; Protected by mountains on the east and" west, the famous Wil lamette valley of Oregon has no thunder or lightning storms, no cyclones, no wind storms nor any unusual weather conditions. . ;' ;: THINGS WORTH SEEING. ::- Silver CrcV-k Falls. A most un usual grouping of ten falls. Trails lead under the larger falls. ' Drive to Sublimity on ; the paved road and then follow the signs.. Or go by way of Silver ton. Largest bop ranch in the world the HoPfet ranch of 550 acres. 4ust a few miles out between In dependence and Eola, The Lake brook ranch of T. A. Lives ley & Co. is a few miles north on the River road. " : ' Flax letting and flax scratching machinery at the Oregon State penitentiary. Also thousands of tons of flax. See the flax pulling machines. j : ; j. Visit Darling's Jolly Lassie, the world champion Jersey four years old. Just a few miles south of Salem on the Pickard farm. Six of the eight world Jersey records are held In Oregon.' 1 ; Tulip : tracts.; 5 : The Franklin tract is half a mile north of Sa lem on the Wallace road. The Oregon Bulb company tract is four miles north of Salem on the Pacific highway j Daring tho canning season it is worth while to visit the six large a A BUSINESS BANK ... j In the summer time, when conditions are some what dull, is the time to formulate plans for 'the . increased fall business. h Make your banking connection IOW here at the : United States National and let us cooperate with you in developing conservative and yet progres sive policies to follow later on. Serving our pa trons well is our part in the constructive progress of Salem and Marion County, and we're always glad of the opportunity to do.it. i f ! United States National Bank r. j Salem. Oregon. canning plants. There are more than 2.200 workers during the busy season, mostly women. Laku Labish beaver-dam land. Valued at $1,000 an acre. This land produces more celery, more onions and onion sets, more vege tables per acre than any district in the northwest. : Drive north nine miles on the Pacific highway to Brooks, and then east. THIS FARM PAYS DOES YOURS?-- By CHARLES J. LISLE In jCollier's for June 7,1924 Either ; the -tyical American farm is too . large or the family too small to work it properly," says Joseph Nibler. an Oregon farmer. -j In this Nibler philosophy there f is Ian interesting answer to one phase of the national clamor over the! farming situation. Th Niblers have 17 acres of land; they have never owned more They have had j nine chil dren and raised every one. They have a j net income of $5000 a year, or almost $300 an acre for their whole farm, house and barn and spacious front and? back lawns included. So the farm pays $555 per Capita above their living for the parents and the seven children, still unmarried and living at home, including the five-year-old boy. They have two cars, a piano, electric j. lights and appliances, flowers, all the good magazines, a cit; r boulevard lawn with painted seat! , and whitewashed shade tree, and everything that any bodj with j $5000 - a year can buy. Ecah of the - children has gone or is going or will go through high; school; one daughter enters the j university this fall. There Isn'lj a garage man or clerk or stenographer in the family. " City life ) has no lure when the farm payis them better apd gives them better times. ! i There is hardly a chore about the Nibler farm; It is a factory with union hours, j They do not keep a cow; they buy all their milk and butter. They have no pig4 to feed or to breed flies or odors; ' they buy their hams and bacon from those who do raise, them from choice. jThey raise no chickens; though they start each winter with a dozen "boughten" hens , which ! furnish fresh eggs through the winter and a few Sunday roast fowlsMn spring. The family are all free to go away for the day or the night and there is no livestock to suffer. But they work, i They raise al most everything that can be raised from the soil. Their sales record for 1923 ' shows the following items:. . ' r "' : ' filberts,! apples', cabbage, straw berries, loganberries, gooseberries, raspberries, '. currants, walnuts, blackberries, peas, cherries, corn, flowers, honey, tomatoes, pampas plumear squash, pumpkins, eggs, filbert trees, raspberry, strawber- ry and blackbery plants, and com missions on sales for neighbors. ! j j $615; from Blackberries - Through most of the year they keep a little stand out on the front lawn, where thousands of travelers on the Oregon Pacific highway pass daily. , Tending this stand, the children have developed bust-: ness ability, and poise. The berries come fresh and cool from the cel lar; gome of their patrons drive 50 miles especially to buy their guaranteed : products. Through this stand 'they have eliminated the middleman from most of their farm sales. They sell from the house all jthrough the year. Dad doesn't claim all the money; he divides it like a gentle man. Nobody will hear to hiring outside help and spending the family money for wages. "It's our money,- we'll work a little harder and keep it &i home," they say. No child has ever worked for wages away from home; their industries are scheduled so that there Is something to-do, some thing to sell, every month. Busi ness always goes on and shows a balance.' ; f;M: They started : with a cow, but she was a wasteful luxury on the Nibler farm.. The cow pasture required three-quarters, of an acre, and other feed cost $40 a year to supplement this supply. They sold the cow and planted the pasture to; evergfeen black berries; the 1923 crop of 12,300 pounds brought $615 in cash. And blackberries do not; break loose or reach out a greedy tongue and devour $25 trees, as cows do. ! "So we can't afford the cow," said Mr.! Nibler. "But we buy plenty of milk and butter. We're not dairy people; we're fruit and vegetable growers. : We stick to! what we know and like best: Some! dairymen' and livestock and poul try specialists make as much from their .beloved specialties as we do- oursj -If we buy - from each! other, everybody gains!" They keep one light team foif the farm work. The little bard might bo in their immaculate front yard for; all the offense it givesf tor it is cleaned out daily and th$ refuse is Instantly : carted' off ti the orchard without re-hand'linci The trees get all the leaching ami monia. r ) They show the effect of this and generous green-fertilizer treatment. Each full-grown wal nut tree produced $40 worth of walnuts; in 1923; the filbert or chard produced more; than $1200 per acre; .the blackberry vines have grown runners 54 feet long in a single season. ' Much: of the farm trouble of to day rises from the destruction of self-confidence by the loss of the children! from the farm. Neither the boys nq'r the girls will stay! in the face of the average nagging! farm drudgery. ' It seems in have! ieen accepted as Inevitable that! the small farmer must dabble1 un- preparedly into everything cul-l tural pigs, cows, grain, fruit, vegetables, horses, cows, grain, fruit, vegetables, 'horses, sheep hens, bees and lose money on most of them because 24-hour days are noj; long enough. The Niblers and some "of their neigh bors offer a striking negation o: the paek-of-aJI-trades heresy.' Silk Homo and Gasoline " A neighbor only la few mile i from the Niblers makes $4500 a year from his nine-acre poultry farm; he started; ten years ago with nothing. Another man near by started with a $20 Jersey calf and has developed three world's champion Jersey cows; the latest champion would be worth $25,000 o any; man's moneyi One woman has developed a wonderful strain of mikh goats; she was offered $2200 for one prize ewe. Anothejr man a few miles down the road has the best known "giant pansy seed farm in the world; yet an other ! has grown - rich through raising teasel for finishing fine broadcloths, i Yet another neigh bor . has the greatest' tulip-bulb farm n the United States. ,J On not one of these profitable farmsj Is there a "trace of the ?h terminable ' Jack of - all - trades chores that take the heart out pf farming by driving the boys and the girls to the city through their everlasting I dreary . grind. The owners carefully choose their spe cialties, do them well, and de.ljrc pleasure and profit. Five thousand dollars net a year may not seem much of an achievement ; . many surgeobs, lawyers, sales agents, may make ten times as much. But it is fijre times the average revenue for Americans farms, while the Nibier ADAM fchonel337J m lints From Wife's Kitchen Diary Early : Summer i ( Hints I I : . , n r A NEW RHUBARB, RECIPE Rhubarb is the first spring tro phy for the . enameled ware pre serving kettle. For housewives who find ; the plain rhubarb too acid for the palates or thtetr house hold, there have been devised va rious rhubarb competes. These are ;; very good in themselves, as Jam, and make excellent filling, for fruit pies and tarts. One of these is made of rhubarb and prunes. Cut the rhubarb Into Inch pieces and place in an enam eled, wars preserving kettle. Soak the prunes all night, or until soft. Remove "- the stones from ' the prunes; add the prunes to the rhu barb.. The proportion should be one! cup of stoned prunes to two cups of rhubarb. Add Just enough cold water to keep the fruit from burning and - cook slowly over a moderate Are. .When well cooked, ad4 sugar in the proportion of one cup of sugar to three cups of the mixture. . Cook until , all Is a smooth jam. As a variation of this, sliced bananas may be added. EQUIPMENT FOR PRESERV- When the garden begins to grow.' green, and fruit trees, berry bush-; esjand the like show promise of good things to come, then the housewife begins to prepare for harvesting these gifts of nature. While her harvesting does pot call for reapers and binders, mowing machines, and., other ponderous, if useful. Inventions. It! Is not without its mechanical side.! -The utensils in which the fruits and vegetables are cooked,, the implements used In handling them and the contain ers in whlcb'they are finally stored away- are all of great importance. The experienced housewife, knows very well that she must have uten slls which have a surface -nor at fected by the acids in the truit.'&nd therefore she knows how invalu able Is her enameled ware preserv ing kettle, with Its sanitary, cian. aii6-proof surface, if she Is fore handed, she will have thrve miu-n of preserving kettles in . t-ommjs sion. A nellum-Rlre'' v enameled ware, saucepan which should be kept entirely for use' In the pre serving proce.es,, is knost useful foi bolllnc down syrups or makititr mall quantities of ! jama from lett overs 4dd to these an enamHed acreage is only oneififth the avcr-i age." the country Niblers" ; haven't over'. And the I one-fifth the dreary chores thi .at drive , the mixed-farm kids deciminate the force and damn to the city and farm working the business of farming. - -f,' ' j- -The story of the Niblers and their neighbors suggests a possible 2500 per cent Improvement on the American average, it t looks far more At any rate, promising and intelligent than a the tariff, on the legal assault on middleman, or the I. W W. syndicalist. If you're good at figures, count up the num ber of draggled farmers and farm ers wives; , of soli-robbed tenant farms; the annual deficits for both owner and tenant on the av erage farm; and the hordes' of incompetent garage men and sten ographers"; and clerks recruited from drabbled farms and see if 2600 per cent l too high!,. ; i There Isn't .a single "new" idea about thie .little Oregon farm. Two industrious. God-fearing, child loving . parents have Intelligently chosen a vocation, and lived such fine, normal lived1 that their chll- ENGEL, Builder of Good a House' ware colander, enameled ; j ware ' skimmer, ladle, and several ; long bandied enameled ware spoons, and the mechanical end of preserv ing is provided for. To keep fruit after cooking, nothing is as good as glass jars with light screw-down tops. . v ; " OISHES FOR THE SUMMER ' HOME ' Owners of country cottages or bungalows are now getting them in order for the season, it is al ways rather depressing to 1 enter one of these Shut-up dwellings and mark ' the damage or deterioration of the winter. In our climate moth and rust do corrupt, all right, even; if thieves do not break through and .steal. ' . . . f ; ' - When it comes to going over the kitchen equipment, lucky is the housewife Who left enameled i ware to "face the winters' - damp. No rusted-out kettles or saucepans for herj If she is getting read y for tenants, she will secure their grat itude by seeing that they are well provided with this e slly cleaned ware: Also It wHl be an ecGn'"iy to include plates, cups and saucers of enameled ware for everyday or picnic use, as ordinary china tares ill when people are vacationing, j A STRING BEAN SWEET - PICKLE ; M in lue-'uiaauig of sweet ; pickles, the enameled wart: preserving ket tle is indispensable. ' Us porcelain surfact: makes it safe to use with even the - strongest vinegar, and no matter bow long the pickles may be in the rooking their nat ural volor will eut be altered. Try this y5r a littl known Hwct-i pit kits made of very tiny string btans Tick the beans when not over n inch or an inch and a half in litijth Trim off each end. I'lare in an enameled ware pre--serving kettle and cover jwith W aar in the pnnorlion of one cup of sugar to onW of the bMBs. Then poor on any good vine'ear until the wans are covered. B'-init quickly to Nil and skim with an enam eled ware skimmer- Then cook lowly, .adding wjile do, a j few alls-pice and a small quantity of sik finnntnon. These sires may rw lft .ln the J-m with the picklws r nlay f be pkimnied out. Th pickle-is 'equally gtod eit'bfr' say. If is only a question of last dren follow their independent footsteps in the face of every glit tering city lure. Five; thousand dollars net above their Jiving will buy 'silk hose and gasoline and other reasonable luxuries for even a family of nine, counting the baby.- Where else could the fam ily get this reward as rationally? Why shouldn't they stay on ; the farm? . -" - : ! ;": I - Fashionable Mansions are i Made Into Apartments LONDON, June 20. ( By 'Mail. ) vThe present house shortage and the many large empty-, houses in certain tarts of Iondon have at last moved owners of such dwel lings to permit a conversin.i scheme on a large scalo. i i Many large, mansions south of Hyde Park and in fashionable Mayfair, Eaton Square: and Oroa venor Square will be changed into small apartments, while retain ing their present appearance. One of the chief reasons big houses are being given up Is the. shortage of servants. ' i America's Lead in Poultry Conceded by British Official LONDON. June 18. (Malt.) In proposing the health of the American delegates to the world poultry congress recently held in Barcelona, wlio were entertained by the BritiBh government here. Minister of Agriculture Noel Bux ton admitted that America and Canada were ahead of Great Brit ain in poultry culture, but he added that he was proud of j the fact that Great Britain's breeding stock was in !, demand in other lands. . Britain, he said, had j not yet developed her poultry indus try sufficiently to meet her own demands, but j she supplied the market for other people. The British government, the speaker i concluded, ;was Very grateful to America for the court esy shown to their representative. A. P. Francis; on the occasion of his visit to the United States; last Dutch With Extra Large Lot Only $6,250 i A. C. BOHRNSTEDT 147 No. ConTl St. )mmi Quality Service i - - j - - .- . are the two things essential to you before buying - lumber for your; new home. ! " :' ' ;t; -;'::;; 'V. - - : Both can be found at Copeland Yards , : ' j - "!"-.' " I . . " . . ' . ' ' . - We handle the! best lumber. We give the best .:: .-.--. service that can possibly be rendered Your order will receive; our prompt 1 attention whether large or small. J. W. Gopeland Yards ' West Salem Phone 576 ! - i Yards in West Salem, Albany, Lents, Hubbard, v Yamhill, Ilillsboro - Homes 1420 N. 5th Street year for research work In poultry; culture. ' Oregon Poultrymen Will Make Trip Thru Northwest Poultrymen Tom Washington, LeRoy Graf e and F. A- Boyington of Gates, Oregon, left by automo bile yesterday for a tour of the largest poultry plant of western Washington. ' They vylll stop at Woodland,, the home of "Lady Jewel" the (world's champion hen with a record of 335 eggs in one year, Alsq making stops at Win lock. "--Tacomai Kent.VVashon la land, Seattle,' Alderwood Manor farm. Messrs Grafe and Boyington and Hollywood's great poultry are each building up large com mercial poultry planta at Gates and expect the j information ob tained on this trip to be of much oenent to mem in ouiiamg up their own flock's and, plants. This South Salem ! Colonial Home ! On Easy Terms House double con struction through out. N ii m e r o u s built, in features. Wonderful view. O h ' car line and street. (Phone 577) Salem, Oregon.