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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (May 29, 1924)
THE OREGON STATESMAN, SALEM, OREGON
, THURSDAY MORNING,' MAY 20, 102 1
SELLING SA LEM DISTRICT
Brooa handltt, sad9
41 m. paper pins, teat tog
flea, all kinds of hardwood
handle, mamataetored by
the -vj. ,
' ' ' STeel Caleal .
man st. at trads
SOil'iE OUTLir.'ES DF IIISTOIIir OF THE J
: GOIUlinG GREAT SANTiAM MINING REGION
Years of Early Strug'gle and Later Hard and Grinding
Work, Leading Up to the Point Where the District Is
Beginning to Be Recognized as One of Great Import
Vance in the Mining World
There has been more aid of the
'Santiam mlnins disfrlctj da the
past si. months perhaps than there
has erer been before, and the dis
trict is , better knonra today, as. a
result of these past ,b!x ' months
nrtivitlPa than Brer'' ' ' L t
- 7 The country is not new, mineral
aiscorenes in tne territory around
the headwaters -of the Korth Fork
and the Uttle North Fork of the
Santiam are not new to the mining
world, tout many thousands of peo
ple not only all orer Oregon and
the Willamette I valley especially,
tut all over the I United States;
know today that there is ore there
In immense quantities where six
months ago. many of them did not
know that the country even exist
ed. To these people the thing is
newly known proposition.
The Pioneering Work
Although the original ; mineral
discoveries - In the Santiam date
back as early at 1$60, the country
has hardly been more than Just
pioneered, and. that which Was
done was very incomplete. 1 The
country owing to ; the dense vegl
tation and undergrowth of fern
and plant life, is a difficult one
-taken years of bard and tedious
and at times discouraging work on
the part of prospectors , to wrest
from the mountains their secret of
f; In the. early days the country
was "pah prospected ; or " pros
pected for gold and silver.; These
were the only minerals that the
average prospector was familiar
111. . 1 1. i m , i
ui auu nuca uc iuuuu uu lui-
or", in the pan- or at 'least not
enough color to pay well, it was
the cue for the idea that the coun
try contained nothing-of value.
Plarer Mlnlnir of OIt
But even though the country to
day Is not considered a gold bear
ing zone in the sense of being
highly enriched, the records that
carry from those early days the
history of the prospector show that
in some, cases tremendously. rich
placer pockets 'were found' that
yielded the yellow metal in great
amounts. The "finds were suf
Next Week's Slogan
Dates of Slogans in Daily Statesman
! XIn,Twice-a-Weck Statesman Following Day);
Loganberries, Oct. 4.
mnen, Oct. 1U .
Dairying. Oct. If
Hex. Oct. 25. ' '
Filberts. Not, 1.
Walnuts, Nov. S.
Strawberries. Nor. IK.
Apples, Not. 22.
Raspberries, Not. 2f,
' Hint, December 6.
Great cows, etc.. Dee. II
Blackberries, Dee. 20.
- - Cherries, Dec 27.
Pears, Jan. 2, 112 f.
Gooseberries, Jan. 19m
Corn, Jan. 17.
Celery, Jan. 24.
8plnach, etc, Jan. 11.
Onions, etc., Feb. 7.
Potatoes, etc., Feb. 14.
Bees, Feb. 21. ;
Poultry and pet stock, Feb. 28.
Goats, March 6.
Beans, etc, March 12.
Parert high wars, March 20.
Broccoli, etc,' March 27.
Silos, etc., April 2.
Legumes, April 10.
Asparagus, etc, April 17.
Grapes, etc, April 24.
ficient to keep hope kindled and
keep! men working for several
years, but not enough to pay pro
fitable returns in most cases.
The ore sledgesthat are now
known were; not all discovered at
that time, though the old timers
knew of the existence -of many of
them, but for the reason that they
did not yield up gold enough to
make them profitable by the meth
ods used then they were consider
ed ledges of "fool's gold." "white
and, yellow iron," and other names
known to the earlyprospector.
' A Ijot of JHohcy Lost
- k The gold excitement was suffic
ient, however, to make men spend
money in unselfish quantitiesf
companies at different times were
organized and the country as a re
sult has taken many thousands of
dollars from the early miner and
prospector and gave little or no
return of profit.
Resulting from this long period
of prospecting the news spread
through the mining world of that
day that it was best to "stay out
of the Santiam," and the pros
pecting finally almost ceased, ex
cepting for here and there a man
who still had the courage and hope
to continue the fight.
, Such names as Hall, Church',
Jones, Skaife, Hansen, Cummings,
White-and others are spoken wher
ever the early days of the Santiam
ate discussed. They were men
who wrestled - with the loneliness,
the isolation and hardships, and
it was they who brought the news
years later that the country was
heavily mineralized with sulphide
ores that were rich in copper, lead,
silver, gold And zinc.
. ; The Xewer, Better Day
Then came a newer day,' and
such" men as Ixtz, La r sen, Staley,
Dawes, Potter; Taylor, Langmack,
Palmer and a few others began the
period of prospecting for other
metals than gold and silver. It
is to these, men that Oregon will
ultimately owe the' success of the
"greatest undeveloped mining dis
trict in the west," and it is they
who have spent the best part of
.their lives in the attempt to un-
1 GIVE US
t . . -
A List of Your Lumber .
v Build; Now
1 Oar Prices are Right
FALLS CITY-SALE M
810 Ko. J2th Near 8.1. Depot
i A. H. Kelsay, Mgr. ;
Drag garden. May 1.
Sngar. beets, sorghum etc,'
Water powers. May II.
Irrigation, May 22.
Mining, May 29.
Land, Irrigation, etc, Jane
Dehydration. Jane 12. -
Hops, cabbage, etc., Jane If.
Wholesaling and Jobbing
Jane 28. .,
Cucumbers, etc, July S,
Hogs, July 10.
City beautiful, etc, July 17.
Schools, etc, July 24.
Sheep, July 21.
National adTertlslng, Aug. 7.
Seeds, etc, Aug. 14. i
Llrestock, Aug. 21.
AutomotiTe Industry, Aug. 28.
Grain and grain products,
Sept. 4. if
Manufacturing, Sept. 11.
Woodworking, etc Sept. 18.
Paper mills, etc., Sept. 25.
(Back copies oC the Thursday
editions ot the Dally Oregon
Statesman are on hand. They are
for sale at 10 cents each, mailed
to any address. Current copies,
5C) ' : j
U. S. Inspected
cover the ore deposits that have
been held so securely in the clutch
ot the prophyry,' rialite, and ande
site rocks of the Santiam.
Another problem that confront
ed the district was transportation,
and the difficulty) seemed most
discouraging for j many years.
While railroads were building over
the roughest parts of the country
to tap timber and agricultural
communities the mineral deposits
were passed by with ; a seeming
scorn, and a prejudice that would
have disheartened the strongest of
the average man.i j ! : ; t ,
Not so with, the men who were
putting : their,, fortunes and years
in the. task .before them. Even
government ' assistance . was not
given, and state and,!cpunfy gave
little of the much needed help to
make ; possible the ,' success of the
country. - ; ,
However, a game trail widened
to a pack trail, the pack trail to a
wagon road; and now the wagon
road has-been filled and widened,
fills and cuts have been . made,
bridges span the canyons ' and
creeks, and a good mountain truck
road now winds its, way from the
DEAN OF SCHOOL OF
ON THE SMITH
The Elkhorn and the Quartzviile Districts, on the Little
North Fork and Quartzville Creek, a Branch of the
South Santiam The Character of the Rock Forma
tions Carrying the Precious Metals Work of Oregon
Bureau of Mines Carried On By the School of Mines
' NOW . : - .-' "
Editor Statesman: .
Due to an act ot the 1923 state
legislature, no funds were, appro
priated for support of the stale
bureau of mines and geology, and.
because of this condition, active
geological investigational and re
port work will be s lacking during
this bienniunr. Most of the equip
ment of the bureau was moved to
the school of mines at Corvallis,
where it has been cared for .to
meet the emergency, j The com
mission of the bureau respectfully
requested the regents of the col
lego to care ., for the plant and
equipment of the bureau, and as
far as possible to continue the
services and uses of this . state
equipment tothe best interests of
the public and the mining indus
try. The college through the fac
ulty of the. school of mines has
been very glad to assist all people
with problems of a public nature
and to furnish much information
that would assist In a general way
the development of the' mineral
resources of the state. t
. -f. m . ..:i
Santiam Miuing Region
To the east and to the south
east of Salem in Marion and Linn
counties there are mineral deposits
In the Cascade mountains that
have caused many people to take
interest for the past half century
or more In mining and to spend
much time and effort and finanees
in their development. .Mining is a
most interesting and attractive
business, very successfully carried
on ' by those com peten t j both toy
training and experience to handle
the different phases of the under
taking. The methods or securing
the necessary capital for managing
the operations and in a general
way producing metal from the
mineral change from time to time,
as for Instance do ; methods of
transportation. ) Deposits of min
eral that could not be called ores
a short time ago may today be tbe
source of successful commercial
NOW ACTUAC MINING
The Santiam mining region, at the front
door of Salem, is no longer on the eye of
development : 1 :
One company is mining and treating
ores and begins this week to ship them in
commercial quantities to the smelter
it is the Lotz-Larsen mine.
The golden stream is starting
Not large to begin with; but it will grow
and grow in volume; it will increase with
the years for the indefinite future.
Another min, the Silver King,L has its
power plant harnessed and going. I
y Late processes allow the profitable
working of the Santiam ores. They are
there in all but unlimited quantities
the whole Cascade mountain range full of
them. So the future of this district is as
sured; it is signed, sealed and delivered A
founded on ores in limited quantities that
can be worked at a profit.
CASCADE BRAND HAMS, :
railroad at Mehama r up to the
Lotz-Larsen group, which is prac
tically at the eastern end of "the
district. - - - '
Railroads are keeping their eyes
on the development work, county
state and government are begin
ning to give their support and the
skeptics are gradually beginning
to see the error pf their ways.
A Coming Great Industry
The criticism offered by ; those
who voice themselves loudest is a
product of Ignorance on their part
only, and there are few if any of
them who has any.idea at all of
the mineral resources that lie so
near their, front door. A greater
industry is being brought to Its
own there than any. that Oregon
has at the : present - time. More
millions of dollars can, be ' taken
from the hilli and mountains of
the Santiam than the combined
fruit, dairy, and farm crops can
ever, produce in ! the life -time of
It is to these people who In the
terms of the street "knock" with
out just cause that the Saniam
owe8 much of the delay and long
period .of developing that has en
sued. . ' ' ' ,
enterprises, due to changes Injore
treatment and, mine management.
Tho Klkhorn District
The Elkhorn mining district
covers practically all of the' water
shed of the Little North Fork of
the Santiam river. The country
relief is very rugged. The hill
sides are well covered with a good
stand of a commercial sized tim
ber. To those Interested in moun
tain travel that is not accessible
to automobiles, this section offers
a most interesting and picturesque
trip. There are two ways of
reaching the region, one by a road
leading up the valley of the. Little
Xorth Fork through Lyons and
Mehama for a distance of .about
20 to 25 miles. . The other way Is
by way of the North Santiam
through , Gates over the hill, ris
ing about 1100 feet and again
dripping into the valley of the Lit
tle North Fork. The most inter
esting way would be to gt by one
route and go out by the Other. , .
The Formation i
Geologically, the Elkhorn dist
trict may be described as a series
of massive andesite flows, unques
tionably having their ' origin in
Battle Ax mountain at the east end
of the watershed of the Little
North Fork. These flows . Blope
westward toward the foothills and
gradually spread on toward the
valley.' An andesite is a volcanic
rock -of mixed coarse and fine, or
fine textured materfal. In this
series of rock the light colored
minerals predominate and the rock
in . general is a light gray color.
These rocks are Important In
many, j western mining districts
and in the recently extinct volcan
oes of the Pacific coast.
The i work of erosion has ex
posed these andesite flows ; to
depths, up to. several hundreds of
feet in thickness- " However, none
of the exposed formations show
any material of sedimentary for
mation. Sedimentary rocks are
those "vuose components, have
BACON AND LARD
been deposited from suspension 'in
water. The other rocks exposed
appear to ' be intrusives, that 1 is
rocks that have eaten their way
Into other formations, rocks gen
erally of a different chemical
composition from those intruded!
Into. These intrusions often have
resulted Jn the deposit of complex
mineral sulphides, usually mi
tures. of . pyrite, (iron sulphide.)
chalcopyrite (copper iron sul
phide), galena (lead sulphide),
and sphalerite( zinc sulphide); all
completely and intimately mixed,
often very fine grained.
; Another Interesting and pertin-
' (Continued on page 10)
THE MINING RISK IS NOT
GREATER THAN OTHERS
(Continued from page 8)
known many cases "where even a
crop , sold at a profitable price
through the various channels to
tne farmer, ofttimes fails to pay
him hls'money even after it has
been earned. - ' :
Then the farmer has failed, but
there . are thousands who eagerly
continue to farm, because the evi
dences about them show that many
a man has made his fortune in the
soil. Success comes undoubedly
in a majority of cases, but on the
other hand the failure of the farm
to pay has at different times af
fected the prosperity of entire
communities." j (
The banking business a gener
ally considered safe investment
has suffered loss that amounts in
to many millions of dollars dur
ing the past years. The deppsitor
in many cases suffers finally the
largest share of the loss and fre
quently his loss' means his entire
funds, and he is left with no mon
ey to- operate his business with or
his. life's savings are, snatched
away in a. moment,, leaving him
penniless and hopeless.
: The merchant In business In the
average "good town" has not only
fire, theft, and weather risk, but
he has the risk ot making "buying
mistakes" and the risk of the suc
cess not coming to the people with
whom he trades. 1 Dun and Brad
street in theirT report show that 54
Per cent of general lines excluding
mining fails annually. . . .
Would any merchant think him
self a. business man or any farmer
think himself a farmer if he were
not willing; to take the foregoing
risks that he .is certainly going to
meet? --. ; : . .
Mining By Comparison
I 'Now for the comparison with
the industry of mining.
.In. the first place, the industry
of mining has periods at which, in
the process of reaching ultimate
success, it has greater or lesser
risk to encounter and combat. The
prospector; who shoulders his pack
and, goes "out In the mountains"
seeking ore deposits, with no par
ticular place in his mind to begin
the hunt, and no particular kind
of ore to find fixed In his mind,
represents 4he biggest, gambler In
the game.! There Is no denial that
he is up against the same proposi
tion that the home seeker is when
he starts out to "get a piece 'of
land somewhere, clear art and
start -farming"-t-but It Is insisted
that their; chances are approxim
ately equaL i ! - . ' . .
Then presuming that like the
farmer Tho prospector -has had his
average amount of success located
mineralized district, found a
ledge' of ore that has the earmarks
of .being- a winner, that he has
been able to finance himself well
enough to do his development
work oyer the ; first two or thre
years on his proposition, which is
about the time that the farmer has
XX J Hextji Illsk StrteJ
Booat Thla Conuaunitji
ky Atrcrusins oa ik j5ss3
DID YOU KNOW That Salem is the market center for the
Santiam mining district; that good engineers are saying
that this district is 'The Butte City District of Oregon Un
developed;" that it is "one of the best1 undeveloped silver
lead prospects in this or any other country," and that proper
and permanent methods are just now beginning to be em
ployed, and actual mining and treating and shipping of
ores on a commercial scale has begun so that it; will not be
long now till thousands of miners will be patrons of Salem's
used to get his place in shape to
farm, and that still, like the far
mer, he has got to the place where
he can see the bright light of good
fortune before him, keeping his
ambition and his hope kindled.
When the Trail Separates
Then here is where the trail
separates.' The farmer's -risk' is
outlined before, and the' miners
risk is reduced far below that of
the farmer. No fire.'theft, weath
er or infection risk obtains or him.
His problem becomes just one In
number, that is production. True
it is going to take more money for
the miner to operate than it does
the farmers, but the farmer gener
ally goes to the local bank and he
becomes a money borrower, he
mortgages his farm, his crop, his
implements and stock, and puts
his whole valuation ie some cases
up to the face of the risk to! get
enough money to "tide him over
the next few months." but the
miner has his wealth in sight, in
tact safe from all of the farmer's
crop risks, and his wealth is stored
away in the earth, where he knows
and can measure its worth.
Then finally comes the time
When the-farmer4 and the mirier
meet on th e market. Beside
the farmer is the banker, whose
face shows the lines of worry and
wonderment. The farmer's suc
cess means the banker's success,
the merchant's success is, too, de
pending upon the farmer's success
as a farmer, so the three leaning
against each other in business to
gether assume, the last hig risk of
market price and profits.
The miner meets the market
with an artfeje that cannot burn
in a warehouse that cannot freeze
in transit, that cannot depreciate
with time and the point of being
an essential shares equally with
the product that comes from the
Every article of wearing appar
el, every piece of furniture, every
household essential, every farm
implement, every penny and dol
lar," every trade line in existence,
practically every commodity must
before It can serve go to the miner
and the mines for metal of some
sort before it can 'reach its final
place of duty.
- Difference Favors Miner
Then we look to the authority
and government statistical com
piler and observer for the results,
and they show that these differ
ences In risk make a 20 per cent
difference in the number of fail
ures, and the difference is in fav
or of the miner, or only 34 per
cent of his industry fails to make
In concluding, we. see that in
the farming, banking and mercan
tile lines that approximately 80
per cent of the members of the
three lines have their entire
wealth tied up with their business,
while 90 per cent ot miners and
mine investors operate on their
"spare funds," and could lose It
all without putting them in debt
for the rest of their lives, or crip
ple them financially so that it
would take years to efect a recov
ery, i i
Only an ordinary amount of bus
iness judgment is needed on the
part of the man or woman who
wished to invest in mines. It Is
pointed out that not all mines nor
all farms, nor all lines ot business
es are first class to Invest in, and
Sf the investor will exercise the
same judgement in mine Invest
ments that he does InL mercantile
or bank investments in most cases
hts errors and mistakes will .be
considerably reduced. 1
It Is equaly as largo an error to
tail to invest when investment is
possible in a reasonably good mine,
as it Is to invest in one that has
no chance of making it pay. -
Where to Take Care-
Not all people are miners, nor
are they all farmers or merchants,
and the Investor f In' most ') rases
seeks advice on a mining proposi
tion ' that he wishes to invest in.
Here ; again comes the complex.
The prospective investors hears of
a mining proposition. 5 he . is ' at
tracted to it. looks over it and
goes to; his local doctor., grocery
man, shoe ' cobbler tor maybe a
neighbor farmer, and frequently
to a banker to find out whether
or not the investment' is reasonably
sure to make profit.
This is about as ."Intelligent a
thing to do as it would be for the
banker to hie himself into a mine
seeking advice from the miner on
whether it would be good policy
for said banker to make a big loan
to Jack Smith, carpenter. The
miner does, not know the business
of banking, he does not know Jack
Smith, carpenter, he' is not famil
iar with Smith's chances to contn
ue working, nor his veracity and
honesty, and It would certainly be
a mistake of the banker to loan or
not loan on the opinion of the min
er". The same law. applies to the
investor in mines when he ; seeks
out the advice of an uninformed
banker, merchant or farmer cn a
mining proposition. But we see
tne banner going to'bankers nd
credit 'men for hts1 Information,
and bo should the investor go to
mining men, men who are experts
in their line the same as the 'cred
it men, and listen to his opinion. .
. The mining world. has numbered
among it many men whose honesty
and reputation for sincerity ere
above reproach, and" men who will
give freely of their honest, opinion
on mining investments.
' Miners' Greater Profits
; At the diverging of the paths of
miner and merchant, banker and
farmer, another thing will be ob
served. : The average bank profit
according to authorities Is 6
The farmer In single years of suc
cess has a little hlgherlaverage of
profit, and the same may' be said
of the merchant, but the mining
industry as' a whole shows an aver
age profit ta the Investor of -more
than.,18' profits and In Individ
m,n. i ill,
A Licensed Lady Embalmer
to care for women 'and
children, is necessity in
. all funeral homes. We are
the only onti furnishing
. anch -service. -
IT Cbemaket Si, ;
PhoM 784 Salem, Ores
1 v V y i
' J 'I
1 i ii Kin n
Salem8 coming great mining camp bcxna
this week shipping ores in commercial quan
Hannah, Scttool ITclxs and
Tour order will be given
The J. J. Kraps
- Company . .-..
Kent S. Kraps, TSlfT. ;
' Vox 06
Balem 'f. - Oregoa
Ice Cream Co.
2149 Cet2i ' OoBuaerd C!,
. D0D3E DndniEs
1S4 B. Oozal Ei. ITLzzK Z
ual cases, such as the Ci"irr
Creek, Comstock and Coeur D'Al
ene districts, profits have been in
high as 15,000 on sound, sar i
and safe .Investments. . . ,
Mr.' Investor, use your 'judg
Auto JLlectrio . cx
XL D. BAHTC17
171 8. Commercial CU
' ',"! .
' , ' ' '
The Largest . tzl Hz: 1
Complete Hostelry i.i
Oregon Oat cf Perth::!
Drn J Fruit Pf-dicrs
21 B. Utsh EL, Calexa, Cr.
Always In the market fcr
dried fruits cf til Uzl7
HOW IS HIE TILIH! !
.To. look after your heat
ing plants and see that It l
In good order, or It yon ars
Coing to need a new ons.
This- li the
Urn to bay ltX.
THEO II BAH?.
164 8. Com'l CU
OrtfolIy Grown Crefii:!y
Selected Carefully l'acf I
Will Give Batisfartioa ta V s
" Planter - f
U. . I A
' '423 Oregon i:i:!r--
Addltloual Kalr.f i V.7 "