THE OREGON STATESMAN, SALEM. OREGON SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 15. 1924 I laauad Daily Except Monday by THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING! COMIAJTT 2IS South Commercial 8t, Salem, Oregon S. i. Handrlcke Joaa li. Krady frank Jaikoaai i MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PKE88 - Th Associated Preaa la eiclotively entitled to tha uaa for publication of all ewe dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In thle paper and nleo tee lewal km published bereia. R. J, HENDRICKS President CARLE ABRA1IS Secretary -I, BUSINESS Taeaaa F. Clark Co 5aw York, 141-145 Weat 36th St.; Chicago, Marquatta Build- tax, W. S Orothwahl. Mar. (Portland Office, 938 Weroeeter Bhlg.. Paohe 6037 Bftoedway, K a. Wllliama, Mgr.) Bntlntta Offleo , Mewa. Department - Jab Department S3-100 Entered at tbe Poatoffleo in Salem, 'MONOPOLIZING THE AIR "Suit has been brought by the American Telephone & Tele graph company, which owns most of the inventions which have perfected and popularized radio transmission and receivng ap pliances, to prevent infringements of patents by manufacturing and broadcasting concerns. . "The craze for the radio has been stimulated by broadcast ing stations maintained by companies selling receiving sets to provide purchasers an inducement for buying. There has been no charge for broadcasting entertainment up-to-date, but with the first enthusiasm over, and the novelty failing, as the sales of sets slows down, the broadcasting station will have to be placed upon a commercial basts to be maintained. . "If the telephone company's suit is sustained, most of the concerns selling sets must retire from the field, unless arrange ments are made with the owners of the patents being infringed. It will then devolve upon the latter to maintain the broadcasting stations, which it asserts it is willing to do, to. protect patents and its' control of transmission. !. , ' . "As the use of the radio is still in its infancy and as it may eventually, In its development, supplant both telegraph and telephone, the issue at stake is a vital one. A monopoly of the air would be disastrous and could not be tolerated, unless by the government." , The above appeared as an editorial in a Salem publication a couple of days ago. 1 j The second paragraph is far from the truth. Not more than 1 per eent. of the broadcasting stations up and down the Pacific coast will fall under the designation of having receiving sets for sale, or being interested in such sales. In Oregon there are none. Jn Portland, San Franciseo Los Angeles, Seattle, Van couver, Calgary and thc other large cities of this western coun try, theprincipal broadcasting Stations are maintained by the great newspapers. The same thing holds true throughout the United States, The tendency is for the small broadcasting stations to go out, and for the big ones to increase their capacity. In the last year, in this country, about 150 small stations have gone out, and about the same number have put in stronger equipments There is one station maintained in Oakland, Cal., just completed, bjr the General Electric Company, which sells receiving sets. That company has one or two more, such sta tions in the whole country, and the Westinghouse people, selling receiving sets, have three broadcasting stations, and the Crosley Radio Company, of Cincinnati, has one. , There is a big broadcasting station in San Francisco owned and operated by a great department store; Hale Bros. This station has been dedicated to the public, with the understanding that it shall be maintained in perpetuity . Just as wealthy men endow colleges or open parks or build monuments or statues. . . For the 99 per cent, of, the great broadcasting stations in this country, there is no way to get any revenue. The big news papers get a little indirect advertising value; but perhaps, gen erally, at a high cost, considering the initial investments and the charges for maintenance. ' l' And the "craze for the radio" is not failing; not slowing down.' It is growing. There are millions of receiving sets in the :U.nited States. At a meeting of men interested in things elec trical, in Salem the other evening, it was predicted that in the course of time the radioj industry in all its branches would surpass in size the automobile industry. y -: Nothing is going to happen to make it possible that "most of the concerns selling sets must retire from the field." ' They are sending pictures by wireless now. They are about to put on the market receiving sets that need no wire or ground connections; that yoi can carry about like a suit ease. There is some wonderful discovery vin this field every day, almost. ? Thomas A-'Edison predicted, a few years ago, that the time would come when a man in the center of the Sahara desert might take a contraption out of his pocket and with it talk to any man In the world. 3Iany do,ubting Thomases thought Thomas the wizard was indulging in a pipe dream : But:the dream is about to come true. ' ' Who can say? what will or will not happen next in this field I Who can say that we may not in due time talk with the man in the moon, if there' is a man there! Or get pointers by wireless on irrigation from the people who attend to. the eanals on the planet Mars! Any way, this radio "craze" is not going to die out. It is going to develop and spread day by day, and the man who puts limits to it will in future generations appear as foolish as the man who wrote the book showing conclusively that no ship pro pelled by steam power could ever cross the ocean and the first ship so propelled that did cross the ocean carried a copy of this book! It does not seem possible that the radio will supplant the telegraph and telephone. The radio is dependent on weather 1 I A at 1 1 A.1 1 II " K conamons r me teiecrapn. ana not. .But even in this field, the laps of the gods. In England every receiving in the United States this field and will likely remain so, having is mere speculation. With the the phases of both that may may have to be regulated by the government, like the freedom of the street with traffic regulations, parking ordinances, and what not. ; r ' UTILITY LAW REPEAL , , f ' (Bend Bulletin, March 3.) TWtlnnil mon who dislike the state nubile service COmmis a. 4 V iiwaax " g sion are making an effort to work up sentiment for the repeal of the joommission law.-, The plan, as we understand, is to present the question) to the people by means of the initiative at one of the coming ejections. We cannot blieve that there will he any serious danger of the success of the movement, but we Hhink it worth while to say n few words concerning it while it is even in its present incipient state. ' Regulation ''of public utilities by means of a public service commission is today the rule in almost every state in the union. Through the interstate commerce commission we have national regulation of Jthe railroads. The monopolistic nature of most utilities, coupled with the essentialto the public character of their service makes, them fit subjects for; public regulation as a means of insuring proper service, fair rates and just returns. The doing away with these commissions would be a return to a condition of anarchy.' , ,- v i.- ' , ' .-' ' r .:,- , ; Manager -i' Editur Manager Job Dept. J. L. BRADT Vice President OFFICES: TELEPHONES: i S3 Circulation Offleo 581 100 Society Editor set Oregon, aa teeoad-eaae. matter. xeiepnone, iouowme wires, are future is all speculation; in the x set owner must pay a tax. But of the air is as free as the air, started that way. But this, too, radio and the air plane, and all develop, the freedom of the air From various quarters come complaints against the Oregon commission. These, however, are not of the law but of its administration. That is, the criticism is directed against the commissioners who, in many instances, do not measure up to the positions they occupy. So long as the jwople are willing to eleet men merely on such political devices ns vote getting slogans, to turn them out on passion and prejudice ami put in their places business1 nonentities they will have n commission to criticise. If the law is weak or faulty it should be amended ami strengthened, not repealed. With the direct primary the best men will never be secured. Jf the people will hear that fact in mind and, at the same time, seek to secure the best men possible under the circumstances, they will go further in the proper administration of public utility affairs than by any repeal of the law. ri:i ASH TAXATION' Ilenory Ford is very sensible on the taxing question. He says one per cent, or 99 per rent taxes does not makemuch difference to him, as he can live comfortably on the one per cnt, but he insists that the 99 per cent that might be tak en for taxes can be put to better use than swallowed up in over government taxation. He illus trates this in the Ford car. "We had very little money when we began to build that car. We took out small wages for ourselves and put, back the profits into bet ter machinery which enabled us to reduce prices. We made more money and we put that back. Our profits began to be large, and if the present income tax had been in force we should have had to pay most of what we earned to the government. We did not have to do that and so we were able to put that money into more and more machinery which enabled us not only to bring the price of the car down but aiao to raise our wages first to a minimum of $5 and then to a minimum of $6 a day." Mr. Ford takes the ground that it would not have been possible to have built up his factory with the immense surtax levied. Henry Ford may be deficient in history and may not understand some things, but he is the greatest indus trial etngineer the world has ever known. He can handle the money better than the government can handle it. , If the government gets it and finds a surplus, congress will not rest until that surplus is practically squandered. We have spent millions of dollars on rivers and harbors, practically every penny of which was wasted. Henry Ford maynot be good material for president, but it was a calamity wfftn he was beaten for the sen ate by Newberry. In common with many others we should like to see Henry Ford in congress, for he does understand industrial eco nomics and he has the independ ence and courage to rebuke dem agogic politicians and to declare that Secretary Mellon is right that "high taxes on the rich do not help the poor; they put bur dens on the poor"r that "the men who tell the country that the high incomes must be cut down are not working for the benefit of ' the masses." Of course not. They are work ing for their selfish political prof it. They think it easier to win votes with appeals to ignorance, prejudice and passion than it would be honestly to reason mat ters out on sound principles. imiTISH WAR POLICIES In the face of continued indus trial ' depression England is pre paring to have a larger army and nary program. While it is still within the bounds of the Washing ton agreement, it is also beyond the ability of the British nation to pay. When some one started the scare a few days ago that in five years there would be another world war, people laughed, but England took it seriously. They may know. At any rate they ought ought to- know that the next war will not be fought by armies and navies. The battles will be in the air, and cities will be wiped out with poisonous gases. All money spent on armies and navies, beyond mere police protection will be wasted, because inventions, made with feverish haste will cause the work being done now to be scrap ped. The air holds the center of the stage, and deadly projectiles will occupy tha minds of men. REDUCING TAXES Of course, we all want taxes re duced, and yet a glance at the calendar of congress will indicate the raids attempted upon the treas ury. Every department is asking for a big increase, and every de partment is insisting that it must have it. It is estimated that the increases demanded this year would amount to $9,000,000,000. Of course, all of these things are not passed, but the details of the demands being made for money in congress will show why it is not so easy to reduce taxes as some suppose. - The main demands are easily summarized: For ex-soldiers Bonus,' $5,000,000,000; Spanish war pension Increases, $9,000, 000; Civil, war pension increases, ftfi.OOlJ.OOOjtn ,$100,000,000, f yaffartefotesia ''llaettMcary relief bill. $200,000,000; Purnell act for agricultural collets, $f!00, 001), 000; N'ori isSinclair farm "ex port art. $100,000,000; Hurtness diversification bill, $GO,000.000; Muscle Shoals, $4 0,000,000; Ma ker reclamation act, $1,000,000, 000. r Postal offices and employes Pay increases for clerks and car riers, $125,000,000; for officials, $63,000,000. Naval projects -r- Shore sta tions, $153,000,000; navy yards. $10,000,000; fleet repairs, $97, 000,000. Rivers and harbors (the pork bill), $120,000,000,000; omnibus bill (additional pork), public buildings. $500,000,000. Others: Berger bill for German loan, $1, 000,000.000; federal education aid, $100,000,000; road aid, $S00,-000,000. THE NEW SECRETARY In order to get a secretary of the navy that was like Caesar's wife, above suspicion. President Coolidge had to invade the judici ary. The wonder will be if some one does not spring at the new secretary and say that he tried cases in which the oil men were interested and therefore become disqualified. That is about as much sense as there is to the ob jection. Judge Wilbur has not been In the national limelight, but his record shows that in his narrower sphere he has performed excel lently. President Coolidge was much concerned for this appoint ment, because he wanted character as well as administrative ability. Everything indicates that his se lection is a happy one. Judge Wil bur will make a good secretary of the navy. THE DOCTRINE OF PEACE A sort of a flying squadron headed by Hamilton Holt is tour ing in Oregon to forward interest in the world court. It is not ne cessary for the Oregon Statesman to especially recommend this en terprise. We have bern for world interference, world associations for years; in fact, we would have ac cepted the league of nations with necessary reservations, and have been ardently for the world court. At the same time it must be confessed that public sentiment U against any interference in Europe. The people need to be educated; they need to be given a world vis ion, and if these addresses will help bring this about, they are greatly to be desired. WOMEN AS DELEGATES Some one has suggested that we should put a womanon as a na tional delegate. Yes, we should put more than one on. Further more, we should give more offices to women. We are following the old lines of permitting the women. to do their rallying, while the men hold nearly all the offices. The Oregon Statesman does not believe in separate organizations for the men and women. They are all voters and should be associated together in the same organization. The women, however, are not get ting proper recognition. They are not demanding enough and they are not being conceded anything. HELP HAL The Oregon Statesman wants to call the attention of republicans of this congressional district to the candidacy of Hal Patton for delegate to the national convention Mr. Patton is not unknown to the voters of the district. He has served acceptably in the legisla ture, and has been a big business man for many years. In Salem, where he is best known, his friends should hold a meeting and find out what they can do over the district to help his candidacy. CHAXGIXG TEXT BOOKS It has been noticeable ,f or some years that there is a change in the tone of our history. Up to a few years ago every history gave a maximum to war and a minimum to peace. The children wer taught to believe that if they ever got to be great they would have to be in the army. This war-like spirit has cost billions of dollars and billions of lives. Lately there has a demand arisen to make more of peace and less of war. The battles are 'not so important -as political events,- '--,;, Senator Wheeler seems to have just one ambition and that is to be worse than Walsh. He has not the suavity of manner of Walsh, but he has I he sumj kind of vic iousness. j. At last Coolidge has been brought lo bay. ATter digging around for months some one lias told that he was sworn in as pres ident by t It light of an oil lamp. MARRIAGE PROBLEMS idele Garrison's New Phase of REVELATIONS OF A WIFE Copyright 1921, by Newspaper Feature Service, Inc. CHAPTER 12C THE REASON DR. PETTIT STARED AT LILLIAN. The afternoon brought, confir mation of my assertion to Lillian that her telegram to Katherine Bickett would "turn the trick," and bring the capable little wife of my brother-cousiu to her aid. Jerry Ticer on his cavalry pony delivered the answering telegram in the late afternoon, and as 1 watched Lillian read it I saw the lines of worry in her face disap pear as do wrinkles under a hot flatiron. "There's the girl for you." she said, handing me the telegram. "Starting East Wednesday the twenty-ninth," it read. "Can stay as long as needed. Love to Mar garet." A little pang of compunction at the deceit we were practicing up on Katherine crept into my heart, and I suppose was mirrored in my face, for Lillian said banteringly: "Don't waste any pangs of your Puritan conscience upon the ques tion of deceiving Katherine.- Mark my word, she'll be pleased as Punch at the chance to get into a bit of strenuousness again. 1 have a fancy that her life for the last year or two hasn't been em broidered with any excitement that you could notice." "Which Reminds Me" Again there was the subtle note of disparaging reference to Jack Bickett which I was conscious of secretly resenting, even although I acknowledged a certain justice in her attitude. But my brother cousin is too closely associated with my childhood and young wo manhood for me to hear him slur red evn so subtly without resent ment. But t flatter myself that even Lillian's keen eyes could not de tect my secret feeling as I answer ed with all the animation I could muster: "There promises to be enough embroidery for the next few weeks to suit any needlewoman I sup pose you mean to place Katherine in the hospital." "Oh, wise young dame!" Lillian paraphrased, smiling. "Which re minds nie that I must interview the gifted Dr. Pettit again. I'd sooner talk to a shy young ice berg off the coast of Newfound land, but needs must when a cer tain gentleman with horns is throwing in the clutch, you know, so you might as well fetch the flivver." Lillian's comparison came viv- Cap'n Zyb PAPEK DRINKING CUPS There are about ten million ways (more or less) of making paper drinking cups, and practically all of them are old ideas. This paper PAPER DRINKING CUPS 7 'FOLD WHITE PAPER 2 NO 3o READY drinking cup which the illustration shows you how to make is not par ticularly new, but it is the best and simplest way of making a good paper cup I know of. There are any number of times when a good paper drinking cup would come In very, handy, and most fellows don't know how to put them together. This one can be made from almost- any square piece of paper in about 30 seconds. Make a few of them for practice and you'll never forget how it's done. Then, the next time you have occasion to use one you can make it easily and without puz zling your brain over how to man ufacture a simple little article like a paper, drinking cup. CAP'N ZYB. Ml 6 SJH FOLD Thing To Do . Copyright, 1923, AHSorUted Editor. WHEN THE AUK SAILED Long as.o March 17 was known as th" anniversary of the dale oji which Noah and his ramily entered the Aik. 4 Many hundreds of years ago, before there were theaters in Eng land, plays used to be given in front of the churches by the priests who acted out Bible stories. When March 17 came around a very fun ny play about Noah and his wife wag performed. Mrs. Noah was a woman of a hot temper, who thought her husband was quite losing his mind by building an ark. She refused flatly to live in it. even when the rain began to fall in torrents. The quarrel between Noah and his wife lasted until the water go so high that the shriek ing woman had to jump In the ark at the end to sav hersplf from drowning. A MIODIN CITY PU2-at WHERE MAS HE BEEN AND WHERE GOING 7 : CLAD IN A SHABBY SUIT OF : BUFF, ALONE BUT FOR. HI5 MONKM THE OPEN ROAD. idly to my mind when we found ourselves once more in the physi cian's private office after a drive to Sag Harbor. Anything more frostily, awkwardly shy than his demeanor could not be imagined, but Lillian almost immediately sent hfs mental thermometer up several degrees, if his resentful flush at her first words was any indication of his feeling. "Say Not So:" "Dr. Pettit," she said brusquely. "I'm not going to waste your time in long explanations tonight. Mrs. Kickett Katnerine Sonnot, you know will be here next Friday. The Monday after that I wish her installed as nurse to that injured man in the hospital. The details 1 leave to you," "But, but " the physician sput tered weakjy. Lillian paid far less attention to his protests than she did to the antics of a mosquito which was speculatively buzzing around her head. "There, that settles you!" she announced with a triumphantly successful swat, turning to the door, while Dr. Pettit for the mo ment betrayed a conviction that she had meant him instead of the troublesome insect. "I shall bring Mrs. Bickett over to see you before the day she is to enter the hospital." Lillian gave a Parthian shot as she went out of the room, and a backward glance at the physician showed him staring after us in a resent ful perturbation which had taken the place of his chilly dignity. "I am afraid the dear doctor doesn't feel the warm affection for you that he should," I said as we went down the steps to the car. "Oh, say not so!" Lillian gibed, and then her tone and manner changed surprisingly. "Madge, dear," she said almost diffidently, "I am afraid 1 shall have to let you in for a lot of un pleasantness before this affair of this man is over " "It is my affair, too," I remind ed her. "Remember, I am' respon sible for Katie." "Yes, heaven help you!" she smiled. "But honestly, dear, I've Blanks That Are Legal We carry in stock over 115 legal blanks suited to most any business transactions. We may have just the form you are lookinp; for at a biff saving as compared to made to order forms. Some of the forms, Contract of Sale, Road Notice, Will forms Assign bmP10! 01g&' Mortgage Forms, Quit Claim Deeds, Abstracts form. Bill of Sale, Building Contract, Promissory Notes, Installment Notes Gen eral Lease, Power of Attorney, Prune Books and Pads, Scale Receipts JEtc These forms are carefully prepared for the Courts and Private use Price on forms range from 4 cents to 16 cents apiece, and on note books, from 25 to 50 cents, V PRINTED AND FOR SALE BY The Statesman Publishing Co LEGAL BLANK HEADQUARTERS At Basinets Office, Ground Floor. The Boys and Girls Statesman Tbe Uiggeet tittle Paper nl tbe World , Basketball BLOCKING The picture Illustrates a good method of blocking. No. t is running to A, where he will receive the ball. No. 3 is the opposing guard. He will run to the dotted circle as indicated by the arrow, tto. 2. who is on the same t;am ns No. 1. will run to X io block the opposing guard. got to do something I'd give a good deal to avoid, for I am afraid the Dickybird's reactions won't be any too pleasant." I looked a startled inquiry, even as a premonition of her next words seized me. "I must have Allen Drake come down here on this thing," she said. (To Be Continued) TURNER TURNER, Ore., March 14. R. O. Wetzel, patrolman, is put ting the Turner-Marion road in good shape. The county and state are furnishing help and with some more gravel it will be a fine road. C. A. Barr drove to Portland in his truck Thursday. G. A. G. Moore is better but not able to be out. Mrs. Farris was confined to her home a few days. Levi Webb is locating in Wyo ming. His wife and daughter will soon join him. Mrs. Lyle was in Portland the first of the week. Mrs. Brower, who has been quite sick, is out again. Mrs. C. A. Bear and Mrs. F. C. Gunning drove to Stayton Satur day morning to attend the county Sunday school convention. The young people of the Chris tian church will hold a social Saturday evening. Earl and Hazel Bear drove to Portland Saturday morning to at tend the wedding of a cousin. Mrs. Cecil Small spent the week-end at the Small home. Professor Bidgood and Mrs. Gayette Barnett will remain with the Turner school next year. Richard Gale had a serious acci dent with his automobile last Friday beyond Turner. The steer ing gear was imperfect. MOORE WITH TROUPE UNIVERSITY O F OREGON, Eugene, March 14. Delbert Moore of Salem, a freshman in the school of business administra tion at the University of Oregon, fa A Load ot Fas Edited bf John M. Miller. HOW TO HLOCK LEGALLY Blocking which brines the bas ketball player in bodily contact with his opponent is unfair and a foul will be called on the blocker. It is mental rather than physical blocking which is most effective. . Scientific blocking calls for the placing of your body between your opponent and the point at which the man he is guarding Is to re ceive the pass but without physi cal contact. . It Is not necessary to rush a man In blocking. If yon take your po sition, he will slip into his. and the feat is accomplished before he knows it. Avoid faciug th one you block, but take a position which will give the Impression that you are about to catch the ball. Tf you do that, another of the de fense may rush to block you, and you will have taken two men from tho opposing team out of the play. If a player has an opponent who is "roughting him up," he should Inform his captain of the situation if he is not able to "out-smart" his opponent. There Is a differ ence between hard playing and un fair playing. If a player Is held back, pushed, blocked or tripped, he must not give the same treat ment In return, but report It." If it Is only hard playing, he must exercise his brain, speed and train ing to overcome the disadvantage. Returns -Nurse: "It's triplets, sir!" j Politician: "What? I demand a recount'" Answer to today's picture pnzzle: Gary O'UraUy was coins from liuffalo to Cal-firy. is one of the 24 musicians who will tour central Oregon with the , university orchestra during the spring vacation. The orchestra will leave Eu Bene on March 20, and will return ' to the university on March 28. Moore is a violinist of distinc tion and his playing has won whole hearted applause from all ' who have heard him. His play ing is expected to be one of the features of the trip. I FUTURE DATES March 15, Saturday Flag tournament opens at Illihee golf link. March 13, 14 and IS State Inter tcbolaatic basketball tournament, WiN lamette fymoasium. . March 14-15, Friday and Saturday Twenijr-fifth annual convention of Mar ion County Sunday School Council of K ligioi a Kdtiration. March 14 and IS, Friday and Satur day Marion county Sunday school brauck of rfligiou education uict-u at Stayton, March 13, Wednesday: 1'runa f rowan mtt at Pallas. . , March 19, Wednesday Annual concert. Women ' auxiliary YWCA. Methodist church. March 27, Tuesday County Community federation to meet at Kalein. Heighta. April 13, Sunday Kva.ngelii.tic cam paign open at armory. April 19, Saturday Dedication af statue "The Circuit Kider." in alata house grounds. May 16, Friday Primary election in Oregon. June 10, Tuesday Republican nation al couveution meeta in Cleveland. June 2-1, Tuesday Oetnorratie nation al convention meeta in New York. June 27-28 Educational conference, University of Oregon, K-iigene. Ford Given So1t Thlm Paula win Tint Prtia l I 8 83 I 15 ai 6 i la i t i aa I s I ' ia " Tho figures represent correspond ing letters In the alphabet. Fig ure 1 Is A. S Is B. and so on. Tho ten figure spell three words. What are tho words? To Mem, Woman, Boys and Otrls All can share In these easy-to-wln prlzea. Bend tho three words on sheet of paper, neatly written, with your name and address. First prize, 1924 FORD TOURrNO CAR. Besides this splendid first Pu!1? w? ron to give away thirty-nine other prizes. Bead Tour Answer Act Quickly TSB PACXTCC HOnCESTZAO 809 S. Commercial Bt Balam. a v ' X V e .