The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, February 03, 1924, Page 12, Image 12

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., . Last year thirty-eight per cent of all pianos sold were
.grand pianos and it is predicted that over fifty per cent will
be grand pianos this year. As the public grows in their ap
preciation of music, the demand for grand pianos grows.
Grahci pianos have finer actions, better shaped sound boards,
therefore you have a finer tone than is possible in an upright
piano. ! Then, too, grand pianos are now made so they do
not take up any more room than an upright. They also add
an air of refinement to your home that nothing else will give.
We have in stock such grands as Knabe, Haddorff, Starr,
' Schulz, Clarendon -
Priced $685, 850, $950, $1225, $1425, $3600.
, Your old piano taken as part payment and we will give
easy terms on the balance.
Used Pianos and Players
Bradbury $60, Emerson $85 Kimball $90, Fischer $275.
Krakauer $155, Miller $260, Hamilton $125.
and over twenty others. Terms $6 down, $6 a month.
1 ,.t
Will Building
(Contlnoed from page 3)
ther itpptne8 and safetT of th
, Amerlcaa people for all time, hbw
1 S ICt
numerous the ' nonniatlnn
might becotne, and however com-
t BVKmij Hna iia commercial en-
tTprlseg might be. The duty of
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1 1 i the citizens to obserre. all law?
f continues regardless of the'num-
r 1 the people think necessary, to
i it adopt for .the regulation -of their
! f l conduct, "While by reason of the
-j I greater number of laws, the dut
1 1 i becomes more difficult. "our facil
ities for understanding those du
ties and ou capacit and ability
for performing them has corres
pondingly increased.--. -;.;;-j-:v
Under ' deBpotlc j governments,
here law are made ly decree or
;dl:t; without regard to the needs
or requirements of the people, and
upon the whim or caprice of the
ruler, naturally those affected -by
th8 laws voice their just protests
against laws adopted In that man
ner by resistance to their enforce
ment. In this country, that situa
tion Is altogether different from
that VtrfiIi:crcall3undct'lh6"tuIo
vt despots. Here laws, with very
rlPhoirograph Sale
Columbia ..:.:. ..$ 10
$50 Victrola ,t...l.... $ 25
$35 Columbia $15
$125 Victrola .$ 75
$150 Columbia $ 75
$250 Edison $150
$225. Victrola . $165
$200 Pathe .......$100
$150, Phonograph $ 75
and many others .
These are the best nKnnn.
graph buys in Salem. Come in
and see for yourself.
$5 down sends any of these
phonographs to your home
Balance in easy payments.
432 State Street
few exceptions are the outgrowth
of changes and development which
have taken place over a consider
able period of: time, nd finally
find their expression In the form
of a law after that change and de
velopment has ' been completed.
The law thus adopted is the ex
pression of the people themselves
as to the provisions that are nec
essary for their guidance under
the conditions that have develop
ed,. Until that time, they have
lived under a Uiffereat law or1 no
law- upon the subject-matter. Not
only is the law thus adopted, the
expression of the people them
selves, but such enforcement there
of as occurs, finds its. power and
force in the people themselves, and
unless Jhey observe the laws gen
erally,' and enforcement is carried
on aggressively, the government in
the end must fail and whn that
time come,t nobody will be safe
is rfny" light of his rights, because
the disposition of one . men - or
group of-men' to oppress or Wrong
other men or other groups f men
Is present, today among all peo
ples, including our own, as it has
been in all ages.
' It 1s sometimes said that every
la; Is ! tbeeO vef IMTCbll
man or men. l hose tniertaiu
ing such an aversion to any parti
cular law, are careless in observ
ing the same. In such cases the
individual may, feel that it is un
important that the law should be
observed by anyone. Or in cases
more numerous, he thinks It is a
fine law for everybody but him
selfhe don't need it. For ln
stance, most of our citizens are
perfectly in accord with the traf
fic laws, the violation or which en
danger lives and property. But
many of them frequently break
those laws, and sometimes with
results equally dangerous to the
peace and Bafcty of the commun
ity as arises from the indulgence
in contraband booze,
z Another example of the trait un
der discussion, is the Jaw against
gambling. Some men think it is
a fine law for minora, women and
men who cannot afford to gamble,
but to deny them the right to a
little friendly game of poker, is
invading their private personal
rights..: Others think the game
laws are made or tb.e so-called
sportsmen, or for the follow who
only goes hunting once a year.
The law that Is receiving the
most, atlcfiH
is the constitutional' and statutory
provisions against the manufac
ture and sale of intoxicating
liquor, commonly called the pro
hibition law. That law is
vigorously denounced in many
quarters as an unwarranted in
terference with the private
rights, of the citizen. It is
said that it was foisted upon our
people by long-haired reformers,
backed by an organized minority.
The law is denounced as obnoxious
and it is asserted that the law is
not enforced and cannot be en
forced, and a considerable number
of people seem to think that it
may be disregarded.
My recollection does not accord
with these claims. The liquor ha
bit was prevalent with large num
bers of our people throughout the
nistory or our country, up to the
time of the adoption of the 18th
amendment and the laws adopted
for Its enforcement. With many
it was a habit4hat it was difficult.
If not impossible, to overcome, so
long as there was a supply of al
coholic liquor to be had, however
obtained. Aud upon that account
it is not surprising that more or
less evasion of the law has con
tinued since its adoption, but it
does not follow that It is not a
wise law, or that the reform which
it evidenced, was not accomplished
before its adoption.
Thirty years ago, when I started
out to make my way in the world,
every city and town of any consid
erable size, supported a saloon on
most of its best business corners
and at strategic points in its best
business blocks. They all did
thriving business, not only in dis
pensing good, bad and indifferent
liquors, but in carrying on gamb
ling and all the evils incident to
gambling and drinking to exceRa
In those days many business men
pursued tne nawt of consuming
strong liquor, even to partial or
complete intoxication in business
hours. Manv of the fnrtmn n,
feesional men were heavy drink
ers, and in many quarters it was
thought that some lawyers render-
ea tneir best services when Dartlr
arunK. They entered - mnrt an a
presented causes while under the
mnuence of liquor. Doctors at-
tedned their patients reekine with
tne smell of drink. Railroad
drank as did others having the du
ty to safeguard the lives and pro
perty of others. No party, no ban
quet, no election, no Catherine nf
a public, nature was complete with
out tne accompaniment of strong
drink and more or less intoxica
tion. It was not long thereafter, that
observing men came to realize that
no man was as proficient or effic
ient, whatever his vocation, if he
had taken an alcoholic stimulant,
as he was before. It was realized
and appreciated that a great wast
of human talent.--enerev anA
human value were daily destroyed'
UHa wasted by the consumption of
Intoxicating liquors. Business men
began to frown upon drinking
among their associates, and by
their employees. Indulgence In
such liquors aroused distrust by
one business associate of another.
It became sufficient cause for an
employee to lose his position, whe
ther done in business hours or out
of them. The nrofessionai
who drank found his employment
gone. His clients or patients did
not trust him any longer. Rail-.
road companies and other employ
ers of labor where skill and care in
tne sarety of lives and property
were involved, made drinking by
such employees a cause for dis
charge. Merchants, in scanning
their lists of "deadbeats," discov
ered that drinking men made up
the majority of such lists. It was
discovered that widespread and ex
cessive indulgence in the liquor
habit accounted for a large propor
tion of the public charges, consist
ing of the impecunious, imbeciles.
criminals and the insane; as it did
for want and squalor and poverty
ana neglected children.
In the face of this great waste of
human value proceeding from the
same cause, the country a a
whole, wakened to the truth that
tne liquor question was not alone
social evil or a political ouea
iion, nut it was a great economic
question, concerning which there
could be no two opinions as to the
need of its correction. According
ly, the 18th amendment to the fed
eral constitution was adopted by
large majority, conclusively es
tablishing that the reform involved
therein, so far as the country as a
wnoie was concerned, had ben
fully accomplished. Moreover, the
18th amendment was not enacted
by the efforts of a determined mi
noruy laboring upon an indiffer
ent citizenry, but on the contrary
lira law was adopted in the face of
a most stubborn and determined
resistance, fully and completely
organized and financed. Of all
the laws that have been passed in
this country, the prohibition law
was most fully, fairly, clearly and
aggressively presented to the peo
ple for their decision from all an
gles and in all its phases. And it
does not at this time speak well
of the sportsmanship and good cit
izenship of those who were defeat
ed In the contest, to now sav that
the people were deluded by a few
Notwithstanding the agitation
against this' law and the propa
ganda which Is constantly spread
for the purpose of discrediting it'
we. find no business man, no pro
fessional man arid no man dis
charging great responsibilities.
transacting business or the duties
of his prof eii Jon or vocation with
iquor on his breath.? Xof ilo we
find It anywhere else In the .ordin
ary normal conduct of our ectlvl
tles, manifold as they-amVe no
Fongerse8"lhe spwtaclelbllne la-
boring man who has performed his
week's work, leaving his pay-check
in a corner saloon, and taking
nothing home for the support of
his wife and children for the en
suing week except a" strong alco
holic breath. We see women and
children that formerly lived in
want and fear, enjoying the "nec
essaries and comforts of life, pur
chased by the wages of the hus
band and father. We see savings
accounts increasing in leaps and
bounds, wberethey were rare In
the pre-Volstead days. Much
more might be said to the credit
of the prohibition'law much that
is obvious to everyone.
President Coolidge, in his recent
message to Congress, said in ef
fect that it is Snot .only the duty
of the citizen to observe the laws,
but it is his daty to' show by his
disapproval, that he resents the
non-observance of those laws by
others. President Coolidge in
making that statement, voiced a
sentiment that is taking form in
the minds of the average citizen,
and upon which he is beginning to
act in a manner, the certainty and
emphasis of which cannot long es
cape those who have an inclina
tion to evade the law.
The citizenship of this country
is not going to allow-the govern
ment to be defeated or its founda
tions to be impaired in order to
satisfy the appetites of a compara
tively few of its citizens for strong
drink. Like petty larceny and
some other minor' crimes, there
will or course always be more or
less evasion of the law, but it will
be no more of a menace to the
government than are violation ot
those other laws, which I have
The extent of the power ot the
American public, when its energy
is aroused in any direction. Is be
yond measure, and whenever the
public sets about with determina
tion to enrorce the prohibition law,
or any other law, we may rest- as
sured that it will be enforced. In
respect to, this-particular law, as
with many other laws, the public
is slow to realize that the efforts
of the law-enforcing officers need
to be supplemented "by the aggre-
slv assistance of the public at
large in order- toi bring about
proper observance of the law
mat understanding upon the
part of the public too often comes
when insufferable conditions have
developed, o,r following some vio
lent crime. ' in those cases the
public is apt to strike out blindly
and punish the innocent, as well as
the guilty. For that reason, the
active efforts of the citizen in be
half of law enforcement should be
In the early days in California
and Nevada, the enemies of law
and order brought the communl
ties to Bnch a state of disorder.
that the citizens being aroused. In
sttaa of pursuing the forms ot
law, formed a vigilance committee,
who tried men summarily, Without
the protection of the forms of law,
and hanged the innocent as well as
the guilty, thus committing great
crimes in the name of the law.
And so it was in other parts of the
great west, when the activities of
the lawless element appeared to
them and too often to the law
enforcing officers as well the
dominating influence in the com
munity. To correct this false im
pression, the law-abiding citizens
aroused themselves, and in the
name of Iawand order, often -Inflicted
great wrongs upon the in
nocent while punishing the guilty.
And I notice today that this mob
spirit which 1 1 have alluded, is al
ready abroad In the land, threat
ening the safety of innocent peo
ple. Men cannot, when they are
angry, even while attempting to
pursue the direction of the law,
render justice "in that calm, fool,
deliberate manner demanded by
our constitutions. Iq Philadelphia
they have supplanted the regular
police force by the United States
Marines, officered by a major-gen
eral of the regular army, whose
directions are to "treat them
rough," offering a reward of $100
for the first bandit killed. Mar
tial law is in effect in the staid,
old city of Philadelphia, brought
about by the Indifference of its cit
izens to the performance of their
obvious duties About the first
thing we will hear, is that some
oolice otficer under that regime,
has killed some fool bov inno
cent of all things, except taking a
joyride, upon the presumption that
he is a bandit. What has occurred
I tILM 1.1 ...
m i-auaaeipnia,- win occur
throughout the land unless the
people arouse themselves to a dis
cnarge of their plain duties. And
there will be more crimes inimical
to the freedom and safety of the
citizens commuted in tne name
of that law enforcement than
could perpetrated by
all the thugs and crooks and boot
leggers put together.
As an example of the force of
public sentiment as an aid to the
enforcement of law and the convic
tion of offenders, I need only re
fer to a series of prosecutions in
stituted and conducted in the state
of Oregon a few years ago, known
as the land fraud cases. They
arose out of violations of the pub
lic .land .laws jin this state, com
mitted by numerous citizens
this and, other states." In connec
tion with those matters, the gov
ernment obtained all it asked for
its. land, but -men who were not
entitled to got tracts of land, ob
tained the land desired by thfem by
employing others to take the land,
and paid them a smal stipend for
their services This action Involv
ed perjury and subornation of per
jury and the acquisition of titles
of lands by persons prohibited by
tne statute : frouiicq.uirInff la'
same. The disclosures made at
the time incensed the people, and
aroused them to such an extent,
that those who had personal
knowledge of the transactions of
the character under consideration
voluntarily and freely gave evi
dence concerning tho same. Jur
ies convicted promptly when guilt
was established, with the result
than many prominent citizens of
the state were indicted, prosecuted
and convicted, and the shame and
humiliation Incident thereto were
visited on their families and as
sociates, as well as upon them
selves. Conspiracy to defraud the
government or to commit an of
fense, against; the U. S." were the
charges usually made against
those involved. Up to that time
the evasion of the public land laws
was regarded as unimportant and
not involving any considerable de
gree of turpitude, but when men
found themselves confronted by a
charge of conspiracy, brought by
the United States government
which threatened heavy fines and
ft term in the penitentiary, the
matter took on a very serious as
pect, and one which destroyed pro
mising careers, brought on ill
health and immeasurable unhap-
That incident of bygone days Is
an illustration of the Inexorable
power of the machinery of gov
ernment for punishing violation of
laws, when vigorously supported
by the public.
attended the District Attor
neys' Convention in Portland a
few days ago, and there had an
opportunity to observe all the dis
trict attorneys of the state coun
selling together in the interests
of law enforcement. They pre
sented as fine a body of young,
active, ambitious, earnest men as
could be found anywhere. Their
appearance at once refuted the im
putation sometimes indulged, that
they, or any of them, are not In
accord with enforcement" of the
law. or that they are indifferent
to the discharge of the heavy re
sponsibility imposed upon them in
that connection. All that they need
to render their efforts wholly ef
ficient, is the hearty and earnest
support of their constituents, the
duty of each of whom in his sphere
is as urgent as that which rests
upon the district attoreny him
Referring again to the federal
prosecutions to which I alluded
awhile ago, conspiracy was the
charge to which the government
resorted to secure conviction In
those cases. Conspiracies are
formed in the dark, in private
rooms, usually only with the con
spirators present, and necessarily
evidence of the conspiracy is dif
ficult to obtain. In those cases
convictions were secured under the
rules; of evidence which permit the
merest detail to be considered in
determining whether the conspir
acy was in fact formed, and that
was supplemented in many cases
by offering and giving Immunity
to the co-conspirators, who might
in the case of a sale of moonshine,
correspond to the bootlegger. The
decisions ot the Supreme Court of
the United States authorize a
charge of conspiracy to commit an
offense against the United States,
the parties to which conspiracy
are the bootlegger and the man
who buys, his liquor.
In this connection, let me Issue
a warning to those gentlemen who
ar large employers of labor, occu
py high social, official or profes
sional positions, who think pro
hibition is good for the common
man, but not necessary for them,
and acting upon that assumption.
freely patronize the bootlegger.
Sooner or later, such men will find
themselves confronted by a feder-
el prosecution for conspiracy to
commit an offense agains the Uni
ted States, in which they are the
chief and prominent defendants.
Conviction wjll be secured by giv
ing the bootlegger immunity, and
let those gentlemen make no mis
take, the bootleger and all his as
sociates will take immunity and
give the needed testimony, and the
juries In these cases, as they did
Experts Will Tell You to Build With Wood
fHE ease with which a house built of wood is heated in
winter; its coolness in summer; its beautyare onlv a
material the advanta8es of S the logical - building
The low cost of our lumber and its extraordinary qualiKr
should prompt you to order immediately. ;
Yards at West Salem, Lents, Hubbard, Yamhill, HilUboro,
387 Court St.
in the land fraud cases, will be
lieve the defendant who has been
accorded immunity, and will con
vict Mr. j Prominent Defendant.
There will, be no prohibition jokes'
then. A conspiracy .conviction by
the United States government is
no funny or laughing matter, and
the man who so regards it, is yet
to be found. A 1 10,000 fine and
two years on McNeil's Island, is
the penalty which follows such a
conviction. And it will also be
attended by all the shame and sor
row and humiliation and unhappi
ness that attended these convic
tions in other days, of which I
have spoken.
It is to be hoped that the in
difference of the average citizen,
working together with the stub
born refusal of men, who are oth
erwise good citizens, to observe
this law,- will not continue until
the situation which I have pre
dicted is brought about.
Read the Classified Ads.
m him men nit mmti sutc tie m t .
mmmmmm'trttxr -. .
mttmtBtUmttm - mm
inaiwMcaMii .
BrmiiT i i I ,
f I f " 1 I I I 1 I i ii wLie o CTafnaw icrtoTva.
T) ID farming pay In 1923? Farmers are checking ttp the year! ac-
count book to see where they stand. Results are encouraging.
Only wheat and hog farmers and cattlemen of the range have suffered
heavy losses, according to the Sears-Roebuck Agricultural foundation. f
Corn, cotton, lambs and butter are selling from 50 to 100 per cent I
nDove tne pre-war level. Butter,
buww a yeany increase over those
cents a hundred higher, cheese from
market, and 92 score butter started
has held above 19C2 prices.
Corn prices are ?onring. The upward trend reached Its height la
October when No. 2 yellow corn sold for several days on the Chicago 4
market at $1.14. It is not likely that October's high price will be
duplicated, still there isn't much evidence of any cheap corn from the
1923 crop. .
Poultrynien made money In 1923, but not as much as they made
two years ago, due to expansion of production, v.tnr nrfwfntinn hm.. ;
Pr rent last year. Receipts of dressed poultry jumped a good 22 per
Th P.f!fes are w-kiiig lower, but the profit margin of the poultry
dollar still measures above the average of most farm products, f
ptv0 years corn Xn cott,e fHls have been working at ft '
.,V?md catt,e tove been cheap, beef cattle high. Good
fir durin8: 1923 araged $10.00 per hundred . against
ESoi S.?! elE,lt ra?nths pf 1922' RaD?e catt,e dId nt re so well.
leeder cattle re selling low. even those that go as beef.
t are dow,n wn'omprW to corn. Still the producer Is work- .
Ing at a reasonable profit. Hay brought higherprlce.s than In 1922. t
King Cotton Is up. For three years there have been short .on ;
In spite of higher prkes. nnSiilnfSSSi- V
iSJKTV Us ton-Tl,e p53 conon4a S .;
JSTl?;11 SHa?ted ,n rem favorabIe tTtho
imndsLe profits! ,,ht and farn of this area are making
in i,lXhcat,an?,hT nrLe nvo Iaartl farm prosperity. Curtanment i
in hog production has been started, thou-h the nJutV im kL i5-
large. AYheat growers, too, have declared for a subst-intin? rlrtn?
program. The price pendulum promises to mdualS w1m Vo Si S X i
before 19- UPWard. Ef the fffSiSS SS . ' '
M ' 11111 ' . " -? i
will make .your . boy
more happy, than any
gift that you can pur
chase for" him. '
We handle the
No Answer Yet for Teel . ; ;
s Irrigation District M
Representatives of the Teel irrl- ;
gation district of Umatilla county '
again left Salem yesterday with
Out definite information as to
what the state will ,do for them ' j
to get their project under way. 'v
Another meeting will be held Feb.
9, and on that date the state irri
gation and drainage . securities . f
commission has promised to out
line the conditions on , which it. .
will certify the district: bonds.:
The district asks, the certifies
tlon of bonds sufficient to complete I :
Pthe project, estimated at about .
$2,000,000. This will take up out- '
standing indebtedness ' of about '
$230,000. The acreage, is 16,600, , ;
making ' the estimated cost about ' ,
$120 an acre. . ''. --: C y.f v7 k , j . i
The commission will, meet' Mon-" !
day to take up unfinished matters
relative to the Summer lake. and -the
Talent projects: The letter Is A.'
asking "the certification of $450,- l
000 bonds.
cheese and whole milk prices all '7
of 19J2. Milk averaged nearly 5Q .1
5 to 7 rents hl?hi nn tm ria,
at 12 cents higher last January and ;