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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (July 24, 1923)
THE OREGON STATESMAN, SATJ2M. OREGON
TUESDAY MORNINGrjULY 21,1023 "
: Issued Dally Except Monday by I I
THK STATESMAN PUBLISHING COMPANY I ;
' S. Commercial St., Salem, Oregon
tmnunq orflce, 723 Doard of Trade Building. Phone Beacon 1193)
, BIRMHKP i)V Till.'
i -' A
r. f.8tciated PreHS ,8 exclusively entitled to the use for publl
eauon or all new dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited
. " paper ana also tne local
R.' J. Hendricks - - - - - - - - i Manager
t-PH.e,l AL Stne - ------ I Managing Editor
-Frank Jaakoski . . . . - - . . Manager Job Dept.
i'l '-5-': -0 - TELEPHONES: (- i -
Business Office . - - - . I- - 23 f
f. ; - - Circulation I Office - - - - - - 683 f
I Society Editor ' - - - - io ' i
b Job Department - - - - - 683 I
- Entered at the Postof flee In Salem, Oregon, as second class matter.
r; 1 -. , . - - - , "
. ' - y - t H - . 1 f ;
Rj. . " - , f
COST RULES IN WHEAT PRODUCTION
ww While admitting that the situation which confronts the
r grain producers of the United- Spates is serious, Eugene
h "Meyer, Jr., managing director of theAVar Finance Corpora
tion, believes that too much emphasis has been placed jon
the surplus crop of wheat this year. The War Finance
Corporation has been loaning money to assist in the orderly
marketing of various crops, and, therefore, has been making
- a study of supply and demand and the effect upon j values.
1 1 "There is too much talk about dangerously large stocks,"
jUr. Meyer says. "Probably, the stocks in- excess of pre-war
normal carried in producing counties are no ,greater than
i the deficiencies in the stocks carried in the consuming coun
tries. i . r ''? . i'j
"An abrupt decline in wheat similar to the recentdecline
took place in the autumn of last year. Not much wheat was
sold by American farmers during this period, but a great
deal was sold by. Canada, which had a crop much larger than
' this year's crop. After about sixty days there was an equally
sudden recovery, and an advance of over twenty cents a
bushel. , ! i r
. "Experience of the last, two years should-lead us to be
.distrustful of statistics concerning the stocks and the im
possibility of marketing them' . I !
.v Mr. Meyer also points out the fact that two years ago,
when cotton was selling for eight cents a pound, the War
Finance Corporation was told that there was a stock of 10,
000,000 bales and that it would take years to eliminate its
disastrous influence. "Ninety days later," he says, "cotton
doubled in price and the stocks began to disappear until now
i the cry is that the stocks are dangerously inadequate." He
cites a similar, change in stocks of sugar in the past 18
months, and then says: , f ' ' ' '' '
, "Two years ago corn was selling at eighteen cents a
bushel in Nebraska and Iowa, and there was much talk about
burning it for fuel, although there was little burned. To
day corn is selling, at 83 cents in Chicago and equal to 65
cents at interior points in Nebraska and Iowa, and all talk
about the calamity of three bumper corn crops has disap
peared." 5-.'''..! ' J : "V I iKU'..i..-:j''".
j- Mr. Meyer is of the opinion that the problem before the
American farmer is not so much quantity of production as
cost of production. "The position of America as a producer
of wheat- for export will depend on its ability to produce
-wheat at a profit in competition with other producing coun-
i tries of the world," he says, and cites the belief on the part
. of many that "the cost of producing wheat in this country at
l the present time is such as to put us out of competition "With
countries like Argentina, Australia, and Canada where lower
'priced lands, cheaper farm labor and generally lower costs
are determining factors." , ' ' c ! '
news published herein.
..;.'. . ." I, f .. , i. - - ."s :i if -(: "
The Usui ver sal Radio
TWIST of the wrist and the
turn of the dial and he gets
and perhaps a vaudeville act somewhere else. Hundrds of things
are continually being broadcasted for his amusement and edification.
But radio, or no, don't forget that many things fully as interest
. ing and far more vital to you are being broadcasted daily in this
paper for your personal benefit ' j ;
Your messages always come clean The condition of the air
doesn't concern you. From the depths of your own armchair you
listen in on the doings of the world. You know what is going on
everywhere, almost as soon as the events occur.
Turn to the advertising columns and you are transported to the
grocers, the clothiers, the music shop. You visit the factory of a
manufacturer or talk with the maker of a new household appliance
that will save you work.
- "- i , '
" And remember, too, that merchants and manufacturers who put
their advertisements in this paper are progressive and dependable.
They mast give good value. They know that advertising, by in
creasing the number of their sales, enables them to lower prices and
give you more for your money.
advertisements are broadcasted for you
! Listen in
There is plenty of room
is being done throughout the United States, advocating the
eating of more bread and other wheat products. The United
Statesis not high in per capita wheat consumption. The
Canadians are the greatest per capita consumers of wheat
m the world. They consume
France is second with 7.9, followed by the United Kingdom
with 6, Australia 5.5, the United States 5.3, Argentine 5.2,
Chile 3.4, Sweden 2.5, Mexico .8, Germany 3.2, British India
.8, and Japan .5. If the United States had the per capita
consumption of Canada, or even of France, there would be
no surplus wheat raised in this country. Or with the same
per capita consumption we now have, the development of the
beet sugar, linen and other possible industries now calling
for development in the United States would bring sufficient
new population to our country to make it take up an tA
slack, so that we would have no
The Navy Department is
ping of the ships ruled out
treaty. The belated French
removed the last obstacle to
President Harding may
his cherished scheme carried into practical eftect. Never
before in the history of the world has there been such an ex
tensive voluntary reduction of armaments, noirsuch a long
practical step taken toward world peace
And the sponsors of the Nobel peace prize ought to have
no difficulty in making their
i -. . .
AL SMITH AND
Th Governor of New York recently called on Robert T.
t .5nrrin at. the tatter's summer
dent does not mean that the principles of Governor Smith
and Mr. Lincoln's distinguished father are similar. Pres
ident Lincoln led the nation
serve the Constitution. Governor bmitn recently signea a
bill aimed at the nullification of an important part of that
The last Is the hardest, but with
, i,..ri, .nri Bnreadine.
the hospital drive will be finished.
When the Salem hospital Is fin
ished, everybody will be proud of
it even the people who have re
fused to help. j
Senator Brookhart says that'
Lenin and TroUky have created
the most stable government! in
Europe. It smells like the Auge
The weather Is favoring the
slow ripening of the Hax, as a
Canadian flax puller speeds west
ward by express, and the home in
vented machines give promise of
getting into perfect action. ;-JM ;
Loganberries are rotting by the
million In the northern part of the
state and Oregon. The home brew
ers don't seem to be able to make
wine out of loganberries. Los
The officials won't even permit
the development' of the Dempsey
fight films In-this state. The ptc-
radio fan covers miles. : A simple
a bit of jazz here a lecture there
for the propaganda work that
annually 9.5 bushels per capita.
surplus wheat to export.
laying plans for prompt scrap
by the Washington armaments
ratification of that agreement
carry out its terms.
now have the pleasure of seeing
home in Vermont. The inci
througn a war lougni w pre
j tare rights of the affair between
. David and uouatn woman i do
worth a whoop under this ruling.
Los Angeles Times.
The people of California, will
make the rest of the country tor
get the earthquakes in a few short
days, by talking climate. And the
sky Will be the limit on the prices
of land and lots however shaky
may be the otherwise terra firma
Hi Johnson, on his arrival home
from Europe, refuses to be inter
viewed. "Later I may have a
little to say," he promises, how
ever. The "little" with him no
doubt means all the 400,000 odd
words in the English language,
and many of them repeated, many
times and piled, Pel Ion on Ossaf
into a verbal column as high as
Mount Hood. When Hi has noth
ing to say, he Is Just spitting on
his hands, metaphorically, for the
next talk fest. - j
THE WIDE SPACES "
Secretary Hoover told the Alas
kans that at no distant day Alas
ka would furnish the Union with
five or six states. The territory
has an area of some 590,000
square miles, , which is more than
the combined spread of Califor
nia, Washington, Oregon, Arizona
and New Mexico. When it comes
to the great wide spaces Alaska
makes Texas look like a congest
ed corner. . But, If Alaska were
chopped up Into four or five states
It would unloose another bunch of
politicians on the capital. Think
of having a dozen new senators
from1 the Arctic zone! Wouldn't
that frost you?
rLAXXIXiQ FOR PEACE
The Bok prize of $100,000 for
the best plan whereby America
can cooperate in establishing and
maintaining world peace is stim
ulating manyi minds. Many sug
gestions have been made, al
though the terms of the award
are not yet fully announced. For
mer Vice-President Marshall fur
nishes the donor of the prize with
the outlines of a plan whereby it
would be impossible for any na
tion to declare war without first
having a vote- by the majority of
the men and 'women of the. coun
try. The preliminary -machinery
for the project would be created
through diplomatic channels.
Thus started; It would take only
a few years to establish in the
organic law of every civilized na
tion an act which would demand
a public referendum of all per
sons over 18 years of age before
an act of war would be possible.
Armies and navies would be sworn
into service with an obligation
never to engage in hostilities un
til such a referendum had been
taken and a criminal court at The.
Hague should try any and every
offender. This court should have
a judge from each participating
nation and these judges should
outline the conditions under
which war would be' possible and
stipulate the manner and method
of its conduct. There could be
no actual hostilities until sixty
days after the result of the refer
endum had been public announc
ed. If anybody tried to start a
war before ' the whistle blew he
would be locked up.
IMPORTANT! WORLD WAR
r VETERANS jjg
DteabledJWorld war veterans
who have failed to make applica
tion for government compensation
should do so at the earliest pos
sible moment, L. C. Jesseph, Pac
Ific north wtst manager of the
United States V Veterans bureau
urges. Laws governing activities
of the bureau give the war vet
eran five years from discharge to
'lie application for compensation
In a large number of instances.
this period expires during the late
summer and fall months of this
year, he stated. : ? ! '
Ex-service men suffering from
ailments of 10 per cent or more,
due to war service, are entitled
to compensation ranging from $8
to $80, depending: upon the de
gree of the disability. Mr. Jes
seph announced. Additional al
lowances are made for : depend
ents. Even though the wardls
ability Is slight at the present
time, the war veteran should pro
tect himself by . making proper
claim and proving service connec
tion. With these steps taken, the
claimant, is entitled to the ben
eflts offered after the five year
period in case the injury or dis
ability becomes aggravated to a
compensable degree, i
"Every war veteran of, thisf dis
trict, which includes Washington.
Oregon and Idaho, who belfev
that his illness or present disabil
ity is. traceable to his service dur
ing the World war, should get in
touch with the nearest Veterans'
bureai office," urged Mr. Jesseph.
a letter written to tnts .bureau
will receive an immediate response
instructing the ex-service man
how to proceed in the' prosecution
of his claim." j ,
The district' office of the bureau
is located in Stattle and there are
branch , offices in Portland,' Spo
kane and Boise. These offices
handle, aside from the compensa
tion feature, hospitalization of
disabled veterans, medical treat
ment and their vocational rehabil
itation. 1 ! , 1
JAPAN KKE1S FAITH
Almost a year and a half has
passed since the limitation of ar
maments treaty was negotiated at
Washington.: During the whole
FUTURE DATES I
July 25. Wednesday Annual .Wisconsin
pivni-. fair grounds.
Jnlr 2. Sunday l'ntn rhurch terrires,
WiTtson park. ' ,,
Jolt 3B. Monday Sernnd terra of Wills
,metta nnirersity summer srhool to
Jnly 31, ' Tuesday Annnat , pirnie . f
- M a ion Community Club federation.
stats ' fair : gronnds. . : - - j : . .
Aagnst 1 to 79 Annual encampment of
Boy Beanta t Caaendia.
Angast IS 9( National gnard rifle
matches at Clackamas rifle rsage. -September
naiversity opens. - j
Septaaibat 34 t 39 Oragoa state fair.
of tit period its provisions have
been, observed by the British, Jap
anese and American governments,
although this was optional on
their part. Ratification by Prance
now puts all the terms of the
treaty into full effect. !
Itj is generally admitted j ' that
the' successful negotiation of that
treaty was one of the greatest
diplomatic triumphs of the cen
tury! 'Tension in the Pacific area
was at once relieved. Not even
a shadow of a war cloud has since
appeared on the horizon. While
the rattle of the saber still keeps
the countries of Europe in a vary,
ing state of anger and alarm, on
the shores of the Pacific is heard
only the whir of the wheels of
commerce and industry. i
until the convening of the
Washington conference Japan was
regarded by this country as the
disturbing factor in the Pacific;
and j we were regarded in like
manner by the Japanese, i How
Japin has been effected by the
treaty Is clearly and cogently set
forth in a communication sent to
a number of his American friends
by F. Shibusawa, one of the best
known and the most loved of the
elder statesmen of Japan. He
occupies a position in Japan which
might be likened to that of Elibu
Root In this country. By reason
of his wisdom, his proved Integ
rity! and h8 experience he is re
cognized as an authority on for
eign relations. '
Writing Jo Henry Chamberlain,
the Japanese statesman ! says:
"The recent Washington confer
ence has taught us how to settle
difficult International questions."
If nothing else had been accom
plished, that alone was surely
worth while. How different pres
ent ; conditions in Europe would
be jlf the treaty of Versailles had
been equally successful!
Comment'ng on the effect In
Japan. Shibusawa wrote: :
j. "That our countries have
entered into new relations of
a highly hopeful character
can be disputed only by those
who have not sufficient know
ledge to appreciate what has
been done and by those who
are determined by reasons of .
prejudice or personal Inter--.
est to promote suspicions and
distrust. It is obvious that
whatever militaristic dispo-
TheBoys and GirlsNewspaper
Copyright, 1923, Associated Editors,
Every single thing you have was manufactured or prepared for use somewhpn nrm
iri this country, perhaps in another. Suppose you're eating breakfast. The cnff
Brazil, but the coffee pot was made in the United States. Your buckwheat cakes are made
of; flour grown in Pennsylvania, while the syrup, is from New England sugar jnaples. The
curls of crisp bacon on the platter were not so long ago roaming the Nebraska farm. Look
at the picture map above and see what else you use every day that is a product of the
United States. ! - '
I "THE SHORT STORY JR. 1
lUXXHtD-llltEAKJXG 11 ACE
Thin Is tlur tale of a race .
That wt a most wonderful pace;
Poor Bert was all in, j
But Don, with a grin.
Was waiting for hint a, the place.
Douglas ' and Donald were as
near alike as two blades of grass.
ivven tneir motner could not aw
wjays tell them apart, and. Indeed,
they quite often got mixed up
themselves. It worried Donald
the most. He would fie awake
nights worrying over whether he
Was really himself of whether
they had got mixed up and he
was Douglas, after all.
And so it was Donald's Idea,
one he had thought up while ly
ing' awake nights. liert Blake.
that . little marty down the
street," as Donald called him, had
bragged that he could run faster
sltlon prevailed In Japan has
definitely and Irrevocably
; passed, and it is equally clear,
that the intentions of the
United" States to take advan
tage of her power and create
an overwhelming navy can
no longer re regarded. as a
potential menace to us."
Shibusawa commented at some
length on the beneficial results
that had already followed In the
Far East,' writing that the pass
ing of the menace of war with the
United States came as a ''great
and widespread relief to the Jap
anese people. .It would now be
Impossible to revive the old-condition,
with its concomitants of
anxiety and resentment toward
the United States and the antic
ipation of possible conflict between
us. War between civilized, and
progressive states is not only a
thing which is fundamentally Im
moral and barbarous, It Is also
of such material consequence that
no nation can contemplate it
lightly after the ghastly - experi
ence of Europe In recent years.
Fortunately, both the Interests
and the desires of the two people
are in accord; and. each.. nation
having given the other unques
tionable proof of sincerity, during
and since that wonderful - Wash
ington conference, we, are nbw llb
erat'ed from any contemplation
of such dire" calamity."
When one considers that these
are the expressions of one of the
greatest of the Japanese states
men, we get perhaps a clearer and
higher Idea of the capabilities of
the Japanese to grasp the western
point of view in ' regard to inter
national relations and agreements
No one In our - pwa country' has
expressed nobler sentiments. . -But
It Is fitting and proper that
wis - should go a little further,
that we should know' something
about whether these are state
ments of actual conditions or only
cleverly worded propaganda. What
has Japan done since the treaties
were negotiated -that she has not
done before. '
Shibusawa anticipated this de
sire and wrote concerning the ar
mament reductions that - haver al
ready taken place as follows:
"As far as Japan is con
cerned, a great' load has. been '
lifted from bur hearts and
" we are turning with new vlg-
Blgsst Little Paper im the World
PICTURE - PRODUCT U. S.
than any one In town. Of 'course,
Don bet that he couldn't. Then
Bert had offered to " race 1 with
Now ' Bert really was the' fast,
est runner In the whole town and
Don knew It. Moreover, fat lit;
tie Don could hardly run at alL
But, of course, there wasn't any
thing to do but run. It was too
late to back out-now. . If he did,
Bert would never get" over brag
King about it. ' They set the face
for that afternoon and Don went
home to think about It; . V
"I'll tell you what we'll do.
We'll both race, him." he told his
twin. . - . -"'.-" ':- -
"Yeh, that's a brainy Idea, '
Douglas sneered. "I can't run
any faster than you 'can. We'd
just both get beaten."
"Xo, we -wouldn't." Donald
argued. "Bert can't tell us apart.
I'll suggest that we race around
the block, starting - with 'our
backs together and running : In
opposite directions. I'll tell him
that's a lot fairer than both going
the same way and one having to
take the outside. You can be
around on the other side of the
block and tear past ihini. He
won't know it's you. Then I
won't need to run past the corner
and I can come back and'be sit
ting at the,, goal yhen he gets
back." ; ''-V." " 1
or to the solution or pressing
social, - economic and indus
trial problems. Although the
naval treaty Is not yet fully
' ratified, we have been re
lieved to the extent of more
than $58,000,000 in the ap
propriation of ,i single year
for our naval budget.-. .
Likewise, due to the under
standings that have been
- reached, though not required
' by their terms, we have re- '
duced our military force and
have thereby saved . many
million dollars. more and this
.'again is only the saving of
the first yean " As a result of -,
this notable relief, our gov
' ernment has been able to add
$15,000,000 to our annual
v national 'grnt to the perrec- '
- tures for the promotion of
Coming 'from a responsible
source from one who has himself '
taken - a prominent part , In the j ,
things of which he writes, fhlr I
Information concerning the effect".
of the Washington conference on
the Far. East is the most hopeful.' J
as well , as the most Important
news that has r come out of that
area this year.
Europe, was once the example
and the inspiration of the Ideal
ists of the world. Now It seems
to be a plague spot; and the far
ther a people is removed from it
the greater Is their, tranquility.
PORTLAND MARKETS 1
POBT1.AXD. Or.. Jnlr 23. Onn fn- .
tMiw. Wht. Hrd whit. B8 baart. Jnlr 'A
S1.03; AnruKt Sl.OS: September SI.02. , J
Soft white JaW 91.03: Aaraat SI.02; .1 .
September 91.01. Wetm . while , July J
91.03; August 91.02; 8eptembr 91.01.
ITrl winter July -M; Ausm.t .9T; hv ? J
tembsr .95. Vorthern! cprinc July ,.98; J y
August .97:-September .05. Western red j
Jnly .98; Aagutt .97: September .9a.
Baying prire, Iff 9I (9 916.50;
ftorer S12 m 913; rhet 913 914.
Valley timothy, (oM 925 ri 926; same
(new) f IS. " Selling prire 92 toft mora.
R e a d the Classified Ads.
Apply wet baking aodav or'
household ammonia, follow! by
Edited by Jolm ll JZZlzx,
"Say. I. believe we can do it! 1
Won't' he be surprised when he
sees you sitting there? He'll think
y?ou've been clear around the
block and beaten him badly. Start
fiom the alley o I can see you
and know when to-pass hlml"
That afternoon the race went
off. just as the twins planned.
Bert, the fastest runner In town. t
was so confident of victory that
he did not run.as fast as be could.
You never saw a more surprised '
boy .than he was when he passed
Doug,7whom he thought to be
Don, and Doug was ahead of him.
But yo i could have knocked poor
Bert over with a feather when '
he tore around the last corner
arid discovercTi Don calmly ltf J
ting; at the goal, having beaten
him by a whole, half block. What
was more. Don was Just as fresh
as, If he hand't run at all. '
After that "the little sthartr
down the street" never ' again '
bragged about his running. , '