The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, March 31, 1923, Page 9, Image 9

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1siukI 2 Chaa. K. Spaoldlng and
f t' nMfWPitny auamoM ro Ran-Jn
vatijf aa i lfctTAj HVV? ,a.aa. - " M J .
and Commercial streets.
13 New
Adds Industrial Activities and Is Growing to Be Important Manufacturing Center Without Disturbing -Residential
'Charm of City-CIean, .Wide Streets, Beautiful Civk Center,-University Campus and. Well Kept Lawns Are.Features
If .anyone should' ask"- the new
comer to Salem what ; feature of
the ''city r appeared predominately
characteristic of Its present stage
of .'development, ' the" chances are
ten to .one that . he would receive
as his. answer: "Tlie easj and or
derly1, process ' of the " clty'a "trans
formation from a residential to an
industrial vcity." f Most certainly
would this be the rejoinder of the
"intelligent observer, who had tak
en the. pains to make a compre
hensive survey of the city's activi
ties. ; ,: - . i ' .
Salem la making such a change
right now-1 Bat the metamorpho
sis coming quietly, surely, not
withthe fanfare of trumpets or
the disorder that frequently marks
Industrial invasions, but with the
naturalness which; comes of mak
ing the most of resources' and ad
vantages that, a kind providence
has put in one' hands. - There are
no. "birth-pangs accompanying the
entrance of the new order. . There
are no throes of agony oyer plans
gone wrong, ; no riotous eiul tings
over progress made. " There is a
quiet dignity in the new order's
birth, the dignity that goes with
the. right to claim ownership." 1 For
Salem has the natural advantages
which are the cause of bringing
new 'factories, canneries 'Indus-'
trials of all kinds into being if,
t.e 'community is to develop to its
full capacity. ; .'V: ; . ;!;-5 :
jAnd that's what Salem is doing.
She 'is reaching- out' and taking
what is her own and that's why
.she ' is bound to be numbered
among the successful cities of the
Pacific northwest. For the - cri
terion, of success Is with communi
ties as it is with Individuals it's
not a question' of holding the big
gest hand or of housing the great
est, iiumber of people; rather is it
a question of playing the hand y
that's dealt to the t best advantage,
of attaining the largest population ;
pt happy; contented "beings Which
the community or city is capable
of : supporting.' There's many a
city of 'more "than 100,000 souls
which, though larger, has not
made as ' much of its opportuni
ties' as have many of their smaller -
competitors.' Not every city can
be a London1 or a New York or a
p&lcago; but It can be the biggest
F. O. Deck ebach residence-. , typical
ojsiJncxiTCMonlea aHnn.ina wiii .
ct.... v ... yuiursu as
Old People's Home nearlng completion.
- f . v -
and best city that it's1 possible to
be. r Achievement less than this
spells failure.
: Nature surrounded Salem with
aces and acfes of -fertile lands,
which are peculiarly adapted to
berry, fruit, vegetable and nut cul
ture. Some of this land' was cov
ered with primeval forests..' What
a tragedy would there have been
in Salem's history, if development
of this resource had never been
fostered. Intensive settlement of
the land,' which is one great rea
son for Salem's Internal- prosperi
ty, would ifever ' have come, the
giant canneries would never have
been made possible, "employment
to thousands of workers in field
and plant would never have been
furnished. Also, Salem is sur
rounded by timber resources,
which are new being transformed
into finished products of lumber,
pulp and; paper, the work of con
Version giving t employment to
hundreds, and hundreds . of . fami
lies. How far short of her possi
bilities' would Salem have fallen,
had she not availed herself pf the
plants devoted to the work? . And
what an opportunity,, would have
been . missed . had the community
overlooked the possibilities of the
purebred livestock Industry? . And
yet there are cities and communi
ties which have these same re
sources, or others, which are not
developing . them and which are
wondering why they do not grow
faster! i . L ' rl. ;
This industrial transformation
Is coming without shattering in
any degree the old Salem ideal of
a. charming residential city of ed
ucational and cultural advantages
The person who . wishes, to hold
himself aloof from the busy bustle
of Salem's industrial activities and
devote hjs time to study or, to
meditation ' in educational halla
can do so, without entering the
to him distasteful sone. The eity
has been I admirably districted, so
that manufacturing plants do not
encroach t on the city's residential
districts, thanks to the wisdom of
the forefathers, who allotted Sa
lem plenty of area and-Jald the
foundation ' in accordance with a
plan that would t give the city
plenty of room for expansion with
in her limits. ? - v '-
Salem homes. 3 Row of new bnigalow ja erected, op Bajflnaw
mitnarr. ;o wuaawiw jpg o oungaKiw duiii. rnu winrrr amiu nunc
auaauaa vn. iwiih vuujukivmi. otiiu wni V iunvliriV' uuvinirBa tniwiiuid iiiiitu uiv gcs7t j vvara i a
14 Row of comfortable new bungalows oit 'SOoth High street,
1 Salem lays claim to (the title of
Oregon's most beautiful city.; - Her
clean, broad; streets make a fa
vorable impression in the minds of
the visitors, even before they
reach her interior.! As thervisitor
progresses he viewa well-kept resi
dential '" ; properties, ;wth green,
closely cropped lawns; and well
built, well-painted ; houses . on
every hand, separated ( by 'streets
of unusual width and: cleanliness.
"SpotlesaneBs" exclaims the tran
sient and'' straightway he fixes in
his mind this most desirable qual
ity as Inseparably connected with
Salem, one of the city's striking
characteristics. ' : ;V;;
Shrubbery and trees of all vari?
eties, both shade and fraif, row
in every Salem yard, making a
most pleasing effect the year
around. But in the spring of the
year, , when the peach, the cherry.
i..jy rr-r-mi "ifn i ,JULJl.ilMJ.l f i CrZEJMapiiJI-J "'-- l-gaMlzaEMgCacf3h,J Vitm B - ILL . CSttSr T- f- - -r - Tiw-n. r nrwiTMirrH1 -
Many Large Structures Already Under Construction traglio Warehouse, New Cannery, Capital Apartments, Store
Blocks and School Blouses and pbst of Residences Among Projects 1923 Record Will Surpass Those of '21 and '22.
During the two years of 1921
and 1922 and the first two and
One-half months of 1923 the city
recorder, of Salem issued building
permits amounting to $1,350,000..
That represents a comfortable
amount of growth; but It really Is
only a fair fraction of what ac
tually happened. . . ;
For Instance, there was the rei
building 'of the big electric ; light
plant, where 1 the company spent
well on to $200,000 in all; this
does not appear any where on the
city, permit books. Much of. that
was for machinery,' it is true; but
the amount of labor, and the ac
tual power house building , ran
close to six figures. The paper
mill was represented ; as $50,000
in the preirminary permit; their
total new investment rung to sev
eral times that much, and even
that Is only a fair beginning for
what Is proposed 4or this year, or
the pear, the apple trees' burst
forth into full, the effect is
that, of fairyland. Visitors throng
to Salem during those days to en
joy the" vistas of rnass pink nnd
white effects, visible as far as the
eye can reach. ; One dayfimed so'
as to synchronize with ' the , crest
of the blossoming' period, is set
apart each" year as Blossom Day.
Salem is the state capital and
its appearance is enhanced by the
beautifully appointed state house
grounds and by the well-kept state
properties In suburb' and near-by
localities. In fact, no city Is more
fortunate in this regard. In the
very heart of the city are grouped
the Marion county ' court house,
the United States post of flee build
ing, the state capitol, Willamette
University campus and buildings
and the Carnegie , library. The
(continued on page 2)
the early future if not actually
within thl3 calendar year.
The big Traglio warehouse on
Trade and South Liberty streets,
was given a permit to build for
$40,000; it is understood that it
will cost double that sum, by bet
ing much more extensive than at
first planned.. Most construction
actually far overruns the prelimi
nary -estimate; If not th3 building
costs themselves, .then at least
the incidental costs, of equipment
and furnishings. 1
Homes numbering 438 were
built during this recorded period;
these alone are believed to have
actually cost more than the price
listed in., the building permits. The
many Important buildings add
very largely to this total cost. The
King's Products building cam
pacajan up close to six figures.
The Webb & Clough funeral par
lors cost $20,000; the. Bonesteele
building well along towards $30,-
street near Uncoln. 4 Home of
senms on nonin vnnira nirm. -
completed Witbinthe past J 2 months.
'Very Few Days in Year See Freezing Weather Winter Is Moist, Followed by Beautiful Spring, Summer and Fall
Air Given Spiriting Tang by Ocean No Cyclones nor Thtj hderstprms Three Floods Since Country's Settlement
. uuiiu&. Lilt; wiuief jubl viuacu,
there; were, only abqut 33 nights
when the thermometer registered
to or below the freezing point of
32 degrees. Fahrenheit. Only sev
en days for the entire winter
showed the. maximum down to 32
degrees "or lower. The lowest
thermometer for the winter was
15 decrees Fahrenheit, on Decem
ber 17th; the lowest maximum
was 26 degrees on the 14th. Sev
eral of the 33 freezing-point nights
reached barely-to 32 degrees; on
ly three nights got down below 20
degrees. "'" ' v
. That's -not a cold winter?
While reports were coming in
from almost all over the United
States of weather anywhere' from
aero down 1 to 50 degrees below,
the Salem country was basking in
comparatively equatorial sunshine.
So far as reported, not a fruit
000; the Starr capnlng company
spent $75,000 on its plant, of
which possiby one-fourth or more
was .for 'building alone. The
Episcopal church building pro
gram, rectory " and church and
church bouse together, cost ap
proximately $25,000. These are
only a part of the important
buildings ., erected in ' Salem during
the past two years; most of it
within the last year. -
The big-building program for
1423 promises to far exceed that
of the past two years. The Wil
lamette gymnasium will cost , at
least $50,000, probably more;
their i projected central heating
plant will cost another $25,000.
The Salem school district is pre
paring to buihl an additiotfto the
high school, estimated to cost $60
000 to $70,000, and a new junior
high schooL building to cost a pos
sible $10,000 more, this year; a
total of about $150,000 for these!
Pave Eyre a South Twelfth and Oak
-ihotk cn- otuiuionie nomes ddui
jam i f jm n rjuo i-niwuu un a. a
bud has been injured; not even an
apricot . or. peach bud, that are
the earliest and about the tender
eat of all the fruits raised this
far north.-- Potatoes have stayed
out in the fields all winter wfthout
injury; they would be good to
plant or . to eat today. That
wouldn't happen at a' 40-below
temperature. ' -
The. total precipitation for De
cember was 10.41 Inches; a fairly
normal December. Five years
ago U was 23 inches for the same
period; and that did no harm,
either -it merely stored up water
in the soil for a bumper crop the
next summer. ' For January, the
precipitation was 10.47 inches,
and for February 2.62 Inches. The
March reports have not jret been
compiled, as the month is not end
ed; but the . precipitation is not
large. The ground is in fine con
dition for farming .and an exjp-
two structures, besides any play
sheds or remodelings in the build
ings already standing.
The Northwest Canning com
pany is expected to spend $100,
000'on its project, of which about
one-third will be' for building
alone. The new Moore building
on north High street. la estimated
to cost more than $32,000; and
the Bllgh buildings on the corner
of Court and High will cost at
least $20,000. , The power com
pany is expecting to build its
boiler house this .-season, which
will run well into the thousands.
The big Capital apartments, at
North Capital and Court streets,
is to cost $200,000. Other build
ing plans also are being talked "of,
and the total building cost for the
year promises to run into impos
ing figures. ' v " -(
There has been a steady in
crease in building costs, despite
(Continued on page S)
street. .;. a New residence, of .
iim past year on oonm mga
maaasaa. aa aa via r caaa auasaaaav a.a BAav aryAw utuuNvti ioivrni.i ai j s. v a.
tlonal amount of good farm work
is being done at this time.
, Despite the slanderous charges
of outsiders,' and the cowardly ad
missions of many native Oregon
ians, the rainfall in this section is
little more than in most of the
Mississippi valley or the eastern:
states. Indeed, it is not as much,
as many other parts of the east
or central United States. It is
differently- apportioned; - thertn is
very little summer rain in Oregon ;
and what does come in winter is
in very different form from hat
of the central states. There-is a
record of a six-inch rainfall in a
single day,. at Kansas City; and
many others of rainfall aggregat
ing from four inches upwards in
a single day, for many points in
the Mississippi and Missouri val
leys. There is no record "of" so
much as a two-inch precipitation
in a single day in the Willamette
valley. - " ' ' .
. And there are , no cyclones out
here. There is enough atmospher
ic movement, what with , the sea
breeze that springs up every, af
ternoon, to keep the country clean
and fresh; that 6000-mile ocean
is a splendid little air-cleaner. The
evergreen forests that the salt
breeze blows over in crossing the
Coast Range to get over into the
Willamette valley makes a fine
asset for health and comfort. The
Oregon air is worth more ' per
lungful than the air of any humid
state In all the 4000 miles of the
Mississippi and Missouri course.
There was indeed a considerable
quantity of water in the Willam
ette valley during the month of
January. -The Willamette river
has had three, tremendous periods
of flood since the, white man came
to record its history: . the floods
of 1861. of 1890, and 1923. So
fare as specific records- io, they
might be of approximately equal
height; there seems to be very lit
tle exact data by which they can
be compared. But it is quite cer
tain that they are the three really
outstanding floods. , ...
At that, the damage is not great.
One farm down near the . Santiam
that was overflowed so that -its
owners have to take refuge in
their flood-proof barns along with
the cows and pigs and sheep, lost '
Prof. T, 8. Roberts, one nf t i
wrect. a trcgon fxaio t, , .
one or two buildings that float: 1
down the stream;' but the owners
say the Nile-like fertility-that tLe
river left them will pay for all
their losses In increased crops la
? single year. Some: 'jwer'e ka
ortunate; like the hop growers c.i
the lowlands, where the flood took
out their -expensive . trellises and
left the fields ruined for hops un
til new trellises are built. Eat
some of these, even, have 'gaice 3
in fertility enough to make the
flood an' asset for a period . cf
years. '
The dry season of 1922, that
affected some of the les3 carefully
tended fields, emphasized the ne j
for irrigation' to spread the winter
water that Is stored up la tta
soil, over the pvhole growing year.
The total average precipitation,
for the Willamette valley for tie
months of June, July and Ausj
is only about t inches. This is
to be compared with the ralafa!!
up to as much as 10 inches it
some of the Mississippi' valley
states, for the same three months
growing 'season-.' To install 'purer '
or to build irrigation canals an I
utilize the Santiam and many cf
the small streams for exteasiv
I irrigation use, seems the demand."
.of nature.
Nature puts the water within
reach, as she puts the soil asd
the sun and the air within reach,
for man to utilize. If the man re
fuses to play the. soil,- or If he
shades the fields so that the sun
can't shine qn then, he gets no
crop, however fertil the soil cr,
how genial the sen; he fails
through -his own foolishness." If.
he fail to provide water for his
horse or his auto drink, the faith
ful thing Is going to curl up and
die; its spirit alone' won't prevail
against the owner's bull-headed
refusal to give it a drink. And if
his,' crops sizzle up In the summer
heat, where-he could have niada
them, grow . so marveloiisly
through a little irrigation, it is his
own fault. . The man who doesn't
know enough" to come in out cf
the rain,' or to go out and get a
needed rain when it's waiting for
him.. to come and, hasn't
earned the co-operation of nature.
The development of Irrlgatlc-i
(continued on pass 2)