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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 31, 1923)
' THE OREGON STATESMAN. SALEM. OREGON . , '
GREATER SALEM DISTRICT NUMBER, MARCH 1923
rUsed in 1922 One-fourth of All Cannery Supply for Patting up Fruits in Oregon and WashingtonCity Packed
16,257,600 Cans, or 677,400 Cases Industry Now in Infancy with Roseate Future Apparently Among Certainties
.For the year 1922 Salem took
about a fourth of all the cans used
tor ,, putting up fruits in Oregon
and "Washington -
.The pack In Salem being for
last year 677.400 cases, t making,
it t filled with two-pound cans, 24
to the case, the immense total of
, Following are some facts con
tained, in an article In The States
man of November 30th: ; -
. a. .
kW. O.l' Allen, . manager , for , the
Hunt Bros. Packing company, ad
dressing the Salem Rotary club at
Its noon luncheon of Wednesday,
November, 2, reviewing the caa
nfne .industry for. the Salem dis
trict, and for Oregon and Wash
ing ton, said that he himself was
astonished at the showing made
in.: 1922. for the six Salem can
neries. ' r , -J..- ' . .-,-..
f Their pack for 1922 showed
about 877,400 cases, Talned at
atjout two and a half million dol
lars; against about 415,000 cases
of salmon for the whole Colum
bia river pack, rained, ; however,
ar about the same amount. (
Of this two and a half million
dsllars, the growers get about one
million ; there goes for labor and
boxes about $500,000, -and the
other million goes for sugar, cans,
overhead, "depreciation, invest
ment, and other supplies!
Mountains of Cans
If all these'' 677.400 -cases be
divided Into two-pound cans, of
which 24 go into a. case, they
represent 16,257,600 cans; against
about ,60.000,000 cans bsed for
fruit In the whole northwest or
something like one-fourth, of all
the fruit in the northwest being
. pit Into cans in Salem. This does
not take Into consideration the
dried or dehydrated or barreled
product, or that used for vinegar,
Juices, shipped fresh, etc., etc.
v t Startling Comparisons "
Mr. Allen showed that In 1911
Silem had one cannery, and It
packed 40 tons of strawberries,
10, of gooseberries 11.78 logan
. berries,- 7.39 . raspberries, 10.29
white cherries, 10.44 black cher
ries, 1.3 4 raspberies. 216 Bart
lett pears, 2,68 evergreen black
berries, 10.37 prune, and 76 tons
ot apples about 3 0,0 0 0 cases of
fruit all told
Against 677,400 cases ror 1922!
: How They Are Divided
: Mr. Allen showed the 1922 pack
.. ei ' J4.
of the six Salem i canneries to be
divided about! as follows:
. Gooseberries 7000 cases.
Strawberries 60,000 cases.
- Royal Ann cherries 80.000.
.Black cherries 4000.
Black raspberries 1200.
Red raspberries 1200.
v . Loganberries 150,000.
Rartlett pears 145.000. V
Prunes 60,000. v .
Apples ?0,000:- .
Squash 13,000. ,
These figures show that the
Salem canneries, taking the fig
urea of 1922 against the total fig
ures of 1921, put oi p in cans of
the total pack of Washington and
Oregon the following; . s s
Strawberries 83 per cent.
Cherries 39 per cent. ? .
Black raspberries 14 per cent.
Red raspberries, 1 per cent.
. Loganberries 60 per cent.
Blackberries 16 per cent.
Bartlett pears 38 per cent.
Prunes 60 per cent.
. Apples 1 per cent. '
The" comparatively low percent
age on red and black raspberries
is due to the large packs made of
these berries j especially the red
raspberries, In the Puyallup and
other western Washington berry
Compared with California '
Mr. Alien made another start
lin statement, that Oregon and
Washington in lzi put morei
fruit into cans than did California
if peaches and apricots be put out
of the reckoning. In peaches and
apricots California looms large,
while ;: Washington and Oregon
grow and can ' few of .these fruits.
i. The Conclusions Drawn
Mr. Allen drew, the conclusion,
from the showing already made,
that ; the Salem district can do jt
great deal better in the future, es
pecially on fruits' In which our
growers specialize, and ought to
specialize, by I using better meth
ods in growing; by specializing
still further, j
; -. - Things to Be Done 1
Mr. Allen did not venture any
advice as to the 'exact things that
ought to be done. But there are
many things, in the way of selec
tion of varieties, choice of land,
cultivation of, j the soil, fertilizing,
pruning, thinning, etc. And, in
the case of the berries, especially.
alem and Vicin ity
The following figures indicate the extent of the Pprt
land Railway Light & Power Cos contribution towards
the growth arid prosperity of Salem and vicinity during
the year 1922. . ;
The following sums were not only spent to supply addi
tional customers; because more than lhalf of the entire
sum was spent for increasing the capacity lof existing
lines and plants to give better service to existing cus
tomers. . : vT;! ; ! v i
INVESTMENTS MADE IN SALEM , AND VICINITY
P. R L. & P. CO. IN 1922
t'or additional electric power lines..
For additional gas mains...!
For ndw power plant at Salem (not complete).
OUT IN SALEM AND VICINITY BY THE P. R. L. & p.
- ' . : : -; 1- .. ' 1 . ' " 'X , ' - ' Till
For Labor... I .
For Materials ;
For Ta?ces, Licenses, etc..:............
BUYER QF CANS
Irrigation. The Salem district novr ,
leads the entire world in straw
berries; led It last year, for can
ning berries, in a very unfavora-!
ble season a season of long dry
dry in ripening and picking time.
This district can increase its lead,
three fold, ten fold, by irrigation.
This subject is flow-being general
ly discussed among Salem district
growers. yltmust be kept upper
most. If this is done, the. Salem
canneries will ere long put up not
only 83 per cent ot the canned
strawberries of Oregon and Wash
ington they will , put up 83 per
cent Of the strawberries in cans in
the whole United States; besides
making great shipments In the
fresh state and putting millions
of pounds Into the barreled pack.
Our growers have the vision, too,
and they must follow it. They
must get water onto the land at
the time when it Is needed to
make larger berries and extend
the picking season.
The Six Canneries ;
The six canneries of Salem are
those of the following concerns:
Hunt j Bros. Packing company.
Oregon Packing company.
King's Food Products company.
- Starr Food Product's' company.
Oregon Growers Packing cor
poration, affiliated with the Ore
gon Growers Co-operative associ
ation, v -
Producers Canning ad Pack
The Seventh Cannery
There will be at least one more
cannery in operation in Salem the
coming season. A new cannery 1s
being erected by the Northwest
Canning company, affiliated with
the Northwest Fruit Products com
pany, and it will operate under
the phez label, already well' known
and nationally advertised through
out this country and In other
countries, in connection wth the
loganberry juice and other fruit
juices and Jellies and jams. .The
new cannery will be at the corner
of Liberty and Trade streets, just
south of the Salem armory, and
joined with the Phez building at
the corner of South Commercial
and Trade streets. The new struc
ture will be 150 by 160 feet, sol
idly built, and will have a capaci
ty of 175,000 cases a year, and
will pack 50,000 to 100,000 or
more cases this year. C. M. Miall,
who reorganized the Phez ": com-
LIGHT POWER CO.
panies, is the man behl
id this sev
enth saiem cannery. m j
There are constant rumors con
cerning the building of still Vther
canneriss and fruit packing houses
here. ..... , -; '
Have Large Capacity
There will - without doubt ' bo
additions to some of the first sev
en canneries here, increasing ther
capacity, though the leading ones
have no small capacity now. The
cannery of the Hunt Bros. Pack
ing company, foj instance, has run
over 45,000 cans in one day
which, in a run of 24 cans to the
case, would mean over a million
cans in one day; or over 1,080,000
cans packed in one day. c p
The Fruits and Vegetables
About as they come In season,
the Salem . canneries work from
about the first of June till the
middle or last df December on:
gooseberries, strawberries, cher
ries, loganberries, red and black
raspberries, blackberries (mostly
evergreens), pears, prunes and ap
ples'. They also tan soma beans.
tomatoes, spinach, pumpkins and
The King's Food Products com
pany has as the principal thing in
its scheme of operations here in
Salem a dehydration plant; the
largest plant ot its kind in , the
United States, using a wide range
of fruits and Vegetables, and em
ploying at the; height of the sea
son close to ,a thousand people-
and both the canning and dehy
dration ends of this company's
business here will be increased
this year year, as they have every
and will continue indefin-
The, best insurance policy for
any locality i is sure markets 'tor
its products. Salem ' has - done
more in this line than any other
Jcity, In this section, and is doing
more all the .time and must do
still more and more; because the
men on the land are doing helr
share and 'ihe piling up of the
products to be taken care of,
mountain high, Pelion on Ossa,
and then some.
There is good money in , the
strawberry industry In the Salem
.district. It twill not be overdone.
If the canneries and 'jelly and
jam factories and cold storage
facilities will keep a , few ' steps
ahead of the growers. "? '
CO. IN 1922
S,tayton Important Center a
v Dominates. Santiam
(Continued from Page 7)
Stayton territory has immense
possibilities for filbert culture,
for the soil; Is admirably adapt
ed to it, and hazel nuts, the wild
j cousins, of "the filbert, grow Jin-
profuse quantities here. It is
thought here that as Boon as
this crop has become more wide-
lvH'advertlsed, it will become the
most extensively grown; crop Jn
this part of the country.
Prunes, cherries and straw
berries are also grown in this
Valley with equal success to that
met in other parts of the Wil
lamette Valley. .
Water For Irrigation
l The waste water from the
Stayton power ditch is. used to,
Irrigate several thousand of acres
of land lying adjacent to Stay
ton and on the railroad. Advo
cates of Irr'raMon , , claim that
with L the pr-iKT application of
water to th .ndsmall fruits
and "berries tu made to yield
almost double the amount ot
products they now do. The fact
lhaf the water does increase the
yield of these crops seems to be
borne out by actual experiments.
One man is known to have re
ceived a gross income of 3561
from an acre and a quarter ot
loganberries and blackberries
khat were irrigated, the black
berries being then in their first
season. Other persons have
found that by proper cultivation
so as to conserve the moisture
supplied by nature, these plants
can be made to yield sufficiently
large without irrigation. Regard
less of the merits of either side
of this controversy, -huge returns
can be had In either ease, and
thd water is here for use by
those who understand and be
lieve in irrigation, and who1 pre
fer that method of farming.
Capital Is Sole Need
' In the way of Industrial oppor
tunities, the power is here,the
raw products are here and trans
portation presents no difficulty.
The only thing that is awaited
is capital in the hands of per
sons with' the vision to see the
immense possibilities for profit
able investment. : One of .the
most pressing needs ot this ' town
at present is a means of utiliz
ing the products of its dairy cat
tle. Creameries and cheese
Manufactories would find here
an' excellent field and would be
a material aid I n the l develop-
ment of the country. As we
have explained, fruit : farmers
find that dairying works in
splendidly with, their work and
since the fruit farming Is on the
increase, it Is reasonable to sup
pose that : dairying will also In
crease. Surely a plant to utilize
the products of the dairying in
dustry could not but succeed.
1 Stayton Plc for Poor Blan ,
For the man of small means
who seeks a home In a place
where living Is cheap and agree
8 ble and where every , working
day in the year can be utilized
for profit, Stayton offers an ex
ceptional opportunity. Many
families ; have small tracts of
land close to -Jtown where they
keep a few cows, , a few-chickens
and raise some small fruits and
berries. - During . the winter
months, one or more members of
the family find employment. In
the .woolen mill or some other
of Stayton's industrial establish
ments. Many who are pursuing
thTs course, are veritably becom
ing wealthy. The Santiam Wool
en Mill reports that this type of
labor ' Is one, of (he most satis
factory and- it strongly encour
ages such a course.
ltailroad Development "Expected
Stayton's position taken from
the large viewpoint of its place
in the future development OtOr
egon, is enviable. It is a gener
ally accepted fact .that Oregon,
will sometime t have "-railroads
connecting -the" Eastern part of
the state with the Western. It
is - coming to be - accepted that
this time is . not far in the fu
ture. The fact that the Natron
Extension seems assured, points
to the development - in this re
spect that is coming soon. The
Santiam ., pass through the Cas
cade mountains is considered one
of the best passes' through those
mountains that is to be found
ariywhere. With the develop
ment In east and. west transpor
tation in Oregon, this pass ..is
bound to be used. A line" has
atready been surveyed through
Stayton, up - the Santiam river,
and -thru the Santiam pass Into
Eastern Oregon. If such a road
is completed, Stayton will stand
at the gajeway )of a vast, unde
veloped empire and will, there
fore, be in direct line to reap the
benefits of its development.
This fact coupled with the con
ditions that already ; exist, mark
Stayton as the ideal place for the
person who wishes to settle in a
prospering community, where the"
possibilities for further develop
ment are so great that they can
scarcely ..be - imagined. . Stayton
offers opportunities.1 for the, man
of small means, for the man of
moderate circumstances and for
the man of independent fortune
who seeV, 'nvestment. All that
is ne- , , he ability to visual
ize t.ie iremdous future that is
in store foi this already rich
The J7 Prior Preference Stbck
I of the r
PortlandRailway, Light & Power Co.
A Condensed Statement of the Principal Features of this
This issue of stock takes precedence over all other stock of the Company as
to 'assets and dividends, and no stock having priority over this issue can be cre
ated without the approval of the holders of a majority of this issue.
This issue is being offered to the employes and the public served by this
Company as an opportunity to participate in the actual ownership of the fere
most public utility in this community. :
The stock is to pay a dividend of 7 per annum payable quarterly' on the
fits days of January, April, July and October of each year. This dividend will
be provided before dividends are declared on any of the $22,250,000 of other
srtck outstanding. ; .
The Company has had; at all times, surplus earnings materially ia excess of
the 7 dividend required by this issue.
The stock is offered to the public at a price of $98 per share, plus accrued
dividends, par value being $100 per share. The dividend of $7.00 per share
will therefore afford a return of approximately 7.14 on the money invested,
an exceptionally attractive rate of interest for an investment of this character.
. All funds derived from the sale of this stock are to be used entirely for im
provements in and additions to the properties of &h Company , thus directly cd
ding to the assets behind the Company? securities.
K The stock may be purchased at. $9 8.00 per share "on the mstallaeiit . plan
if desired, and 7 interest will be paid on all partial payments from the time they
are made. An initial payment of $10.00 per sharje secures the stock for pur
chase in this manner, the balance payable at the rate of $10.00 per share per
month, with the privilege of paying in full at any time. Stock Certificates will
be delivered upon payment in fulL ' . .,"
Dividends on thb stock are cumulative, thus affording additional assurance
of full payment of dividends. Dividends on this stock are exempt' from normal
federal income tax. - . -
Holders of thb stock who, at anytime, desire to dispose of it, may arrange
to offer it for sale through the Securities Department of tins Company.
Liberty Bonds will be accepted at market value to apply on payments for
this stock. v ''' ,... ..
Portland Railway, Light & Power
LEADS IN - FARM; LINES
Salem Exchange of P. T. & T. Co. Has More Rural Lines
Than Any- Other Pacific Coast City Efficiency Urged
Manager W .H. Dancy of Th
Pacific Telephone and Teleffraph
company reports' hs company as
growing steadily in the number
of stations served. The year 1922
closed with a net gain of 200
stations, connected with the Sa
lem exchange.- Salem still holds
the distinction of having, con
nected with the exchange., more
farmer -line stations than any
other, exchange of the company
on the Pacific Coast.
With the development ' at the
exchange and the consequent In
creased value of the service' to
the user, the telephone company
has not lost sight of the public
need for a .reliable and. , com
prehensive , long : distance service.
More and more telephone patrons
are getting the .ong distance ha
bit, lousiness men, both ; whole
salers and retailers are using the
long distance lines more and
more as an . auxiliary- sales med
ium. Territories are being or
ganized and covered by telephone-
in the same manner, and just as
regularly as by a personal 'repre
sentative of the sales organiza
tion Long distance service" es
tablishes a relationship' between
the wholesaler: at the , supply
point and the retailer, as a - dis
tributing agent and each cooper
ates in the mutual establishment
of, constant, efficient and econ
omical business contact.
With thfs growing use, of long
distance lines for business pur
poses, it has become increasingly
important that the exchange lines
shall be properly maintained and
always in condition, for. connec
tion with the long distance trunk
lines so that transmission shall
not be Impaired or satisfactory
results rendered s impossible on
account of noisy lines or other
deterring conditions: The Pacif
ic company has put forth a very
great effort toward the prompt
and elficient maintenance of ' its
exchange plant In order toben
position to render first class ser
vice not only over its local lines
but throughout the territory in
which it operates over its long
distance lines. ,
Rural line Efficiency Necessary
It i particularly desirable that
farmer lines owned and- main
tained by the farmer 'organiza
tions shall also be brought to the
best possible condition. Fre
quently a long distance conversa
tion is seriously impaired or even
rendered , impossible because the j
farmer line- on-which it or!gi-
ates or terminates is not la. rr:
per : .condition for satisfactory
transmission for the conversatio n
Maintenance , of - farmer,; lir.es i
often a vexing problem." To
o'ten each person mtereinj o
ihe Jointly owned line hope last
the others - on the line, will as
sume" the responsibility for min
ing necessary repairs' and keep
ing tfca line in good working con
dition. , .. . ' -X ' - '".
It is only by organizing propr
y for this, work and definite:?
niaeinr respbnslbilitv for pr.p;
maintenaaca of farmer lines tb s ;
this class of telephone users ci
hone to secure ; the best rsiul
and efficient and r satiJittor
telephone -service, both local a-j
long distance. . . , .
Proper, maintenance will net
nnir ins are good tslejhcae ser
vice bu- it will prolong the ufr-
ful lite of a line and postpone in a
nfterJ of additional heavy invest
ment , for, construction work. "3
that aside from .being desirable
from, a service standpoint, it li
actually economical and to tts
best Interests of the owners ef
the line as an investment.
The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph-
company is yery ,mth la-?
terested In the growth, and pros
perity r of Salem and , the sur
rounding territory. . It has plats
under way for many improve
ments in its , plants in this cit.
These Improvements rUn. not only
to the' supplying ot new and ad
ditional lines to meet the Brow
ing demand for telephone servica
but also the plans include repairs
and ' replacements to , existitl
plant In order to place it in con
dition to render the best" possible
There is only one commercial V
filbert district in the United
States, and Salem Is the center s
of the industry. Filberts come t
nearer being a "lazy man's crop f
than any other. Like the walnut
tree In such a locality as this, :
the Gilbert tree never grows oil.)
It gets better and better every
year, throughout all the years; 1
and bigger and bigger and mors V
valuable; " , .
The Salem district 'celery la
better .that the next best In ths ,
united States better than the
famous Kalamazoo celery. Oar
celery has beaten the Kalamazna
proddct in national competition: Vt