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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 31, 1923)
; THK OREflON STATESMAN. SALEM. OREGON
GREATER SAT-EM -T 73T?.7CT ' Zr.rr.7 -" M .rCTT 1923
WESTERN OREGON . NUTS BEST
Acreage in Wateuisin Western Oregon; is Now 9000 to 10,000 and is Growinj Now at Rate of 2000 Acres a Year;
Rapid Gain Rcpected as Nurseries Become Able to Supply Grafted Trees; Salem District Produces the Super. Nut
The Salem district now ha bey
,tween 9,000 and 10,000 acres
planted to walnuts; that Is. west
ern Oregon; has about that. -The
acreage Is being Increased as fast
t as grafted trees of the right var
ieties can be had. The Increase
llcr thl year will likely be above
f jto00 ueres; and this will grow
; year f thereafter from the
present outlook. . yj X. '. : ,:.yj
it. is estimated that . Oregon
- last year f produced about 350
tons of walnuts, which is perhaps
I a 8 0 per cent Increase over the
' year before. The increase will
i be progressive from now on ge
ometrically progressive. If the
i reader will allow the term; from
larger acreage and the Increas
ing maturity of trees. , ';' .
! ; -. Industry Young Yet
The industry, as an industry, is
"JUj young yet. But it is getting Its
Stride. . i - . t . . ; .
I There Is a seedling orchard of
t 11 acres I near Jefferson, belong
'. lag, to aJ I. Page. This orchard
y produced last season 13 tons of
'nuts, sent to the Oregon Grow
ers' Cooperative association plant
n Salem. This orchard is the
H oldest f of so large a planting In
Oregon. It Is .about 30 years
old, and : the trees compare wltb
! mature oaks In size. ,
; . Good Increase Here,
' 's The membea ' of the , Oregon
G rowers' Cooperative association
' marketed through this organisa
tion: In 1921 about ,100,000
pounds of walnuts. They mar
keted last' Tear about 1S0.000
'rounds. ' This Is an indication of
tb growth through the, matur-
tot of the trees, mostly.
J- All these nuts are brought to
for any walnut grown I in, the
wide world. 1 The other nuts
graded down! in price to 18
centa a, pound; the latter price
being tor seedlings of low grade.
The Oregon Growers Coopera
tive association is using the Cali
fornia standards for grading. In
one course, Oregon walnuts "will
V advertised: ; .
One of the talking points will
be the fact that Oregon walnuts
are- . unbleached absolutely.
There never will be any bleach
ing of the Oregon walnuts. The
nautral color: of the Oregon wal
nut, clean and properly dried. Is
the best possible color . for the
raarkets. i t
will tell. Our lands are much
lower than theirs in price. In the
very nature of things, we are
Better Hum California's '
The Oregon super nut, the first
rrade crafted Franauette. has for
two yeas sold at a higher price bound to catch up
that the best California grafted;
down there they call it budded.
Our di3trlct is a better walnut
country than any part of Cali
fornia. The California walnut is
the next best.1 The growers down
there got the start of our grow
ers, in time. They have over
40,000 acres to our scant 10,000
acres; and their trees are on the
average much older than ours,
and therefore more, nearly In
"full bearing." : But we will
catch up. Quality will tell. Just
as in horses (and men) blood
SALEM DISTRICT FILBERT TREES
Grading Interesting Process
' All the walnuts received at the
w Salem ! plant nave been cleaned
and dried by the growers. Here
they are graded and packed and
Sent to market. The nuts are
flrst run through a - grading , ma
tcMne, which sorts them as tp
sraes. .Then they are picked over
j by women, who take out j the
Culls -the discolored, cracked or
oddly shaped nuts, etc
rV Then they are packed Into la
J belled sacks for the markets. ' .
The sacks are- all branded
I OREGON WALNUTS In big let
,' ters. The first - grade, the super
t nut. is j, the Mistland - Grafted.
' Then come, next below in grade.
a Fancy Franquettes, Fancy
Mfcrranquettes. Mistland Grafted
i Kc; 1, Mistland Grafted No. 2.
' te.y.. - y ;'T: I1-. ; - f.vv .--h:';;
. l.r. Th r grading ; machine so '. far
nsed turns out, about ' four tons-a
v day. " ' . . i
Tbe enlls are, used' fqr,crack
P in. . The association . Jast .year
sold 'walnut meats to the jtradel
, cracked nuts. " ' ' .
, irbe: supply of every grower rs
! carefully kept - on' a - grade eh'reet
-so' he gets .credit fdr his; best
I product as "well as his' poorest
'" and the benefits that' belong; to
. him 'on account of ' the superior
article, if 'he supplies any.;
'This grading and 'packing costs
Only about one-tenth of a cent a
pound. .v ' "' " i ; ;
The . Oregon - walnuts have so
far gone mostly to the Pacific
northwest markets,: but last year
i seme . orders : went to eastern
points, largely for the purpose. of
getting the trade acquainted with
V'ihe superior qualities of the 'Ore
gon nuts; for the benefit of the
growers in future -years, - when
'they will hare to depend" more
k and more upon the outside trade.
Beet the. .World Produces
. . There Is no donbt whatever
.that the Mistland Grafted brand
r of Oregon walnuts Is the very
.. . jLest grown in the world. , It Is
. Ithe super nut. Some of these
f : , nuts: were- sold by " the Oregon
.Growers Cooperative association.
last year, wholesale, at 35 cents
v .'. ponad. That is the top price
., COS 0Sy. -.-V? ,
- V- 7- ' '"'fc
Never Grow Old
Talking of "full bearing.'
walnut tree In a proper location.
like the Salem district, never
. . . a W
comes into "run Deanng."
never grows old. Only Its heart
wood grows old. The life line Is
yearly renewed in every tree, and
lt Is just as yoang In .the giant
ihat has withstood the storms of
centuries as in the sapling of a
single ; year. The living tree -fa
always young. There is a wal
nut tree 600 years, old in the
Vatican at Rome. One over 1000
years old is In the Crimea near
palaklava; and lt bears as nigh
as 100,000 nuta a year; over a
ten. In California single walnut
trees have sold at as high as
fXOOO. There will be a fortune
in the future in every grafted
Franquette walnut in the Salem
dletrct. All the Franqnettes
come from a single walnut tree
in southern France, near the Ital
THE FIIUKRT, TOO
Salem Is the filbert center of
North America. All the filberts
grown commercially in the Unit
ed States are grown in the Wil
lamette valley, excepting a tew j have IC.QOO acres; perhaps later
in Clarke county, Washington,
which la practically a continua
tion of this valley.
There is no age limit- known
to the filbert tree, . any more
than to the walnut. Some trees
in Europe are known to be hund
reds of years old and in England
150 years and more. Our filbert
trees get "better and better"
every year, and will for our
children and children's children,
and on down the centuries.
The Salem district has about
1000 acres in filberts now. The
acreage was doubled last year.
It will be doubled again this year,
we will have 2000 acres within a
few weeks. The new acreage
has for two years been limited
only by the available nursery
stock. It will be so for three or
-four years yet. We will soon
0.000 and more. , : '
' Filberts Bear Early' .
Ton can easily get up an argu
ment on the question of which is
the better tree to plant here, the
filbert or the walnut. The fil
bert tree bears early, for , one
thing. An Albany farmer gath
ered 30 pounds to the acre from
filbert trees four years old. One
may ; depend upon a commercial
crop from trees five to six years
They Are Productive
A pioneer grower in the Salem
district says filbert orchards here
In full bearing will produce 5000
jrunds to the acre; and he avers
that half this , production wilt
make them the most profitable
and safe of all the orchard, crops.
Fancy filberts sold last year at
30 cents a pound; they averaged
around 25 e?nts. There is not
much overhead in a filbert grove.
They almost harvest tbemseleves,"
and cure themselves put In a dry
pUce. One grower calls them the
lazy man's crop.'!
One grower , declares that fil
bert trees. . of the. right kind,
with the proper pollenizers. will
at 12 years bear 5000 pounds ot
nuts here to the acre and he says
they are "frost, proof, rain proof,
have i no serious peeti or diseases
end this section has no American
or even New World competition."
There is little doubt that, with
in a few years, the present fil
bert boom here will result In the
production ofr train , loads o
these nuts which one roan calls
"hazelnuts with a colfege educa
tion," to be sent to the markets
of this country and even to oth
er countries, hungry for them.
MONITOR CITY OF
Center of Trade of One of Marion County's Richest Sections Fruit Culture, Dairying, General Farming Among Its
Resources Born the Day the Monitor Sank the Merrimac Local Bard Tells History of City's Growth in Verse
J United States "Senator Chas. L."&lcNary is one of the pioneers of
the filbert industry in the Salem district. Several years ago he
saw the viaion, and he made a study of the industry and wrote a
series of articles concerning filbert growing that were published In
The Statesman, and afterwards were issued In pamphlet form.'
' Senator McNary. and W. T. Stolz of Salem have' a farm on the
bottom land north of Salem where they , have a filbert grove that
gives an example of what can toe done with these nuts under the
conditions existing In that section.
The upper picture is from a photograph taken In their orchard,
showing a seven year old Bracelona filbert tree with W. T. Stolz
in the foreground. The lower cut shoVs a row of filbert trees In this
orchard with Senator McNary standing in front. t
The beginnings of filbert Interest In the Salem district are due
partly to the enthusiasm and publicity of Senator McNary. and the
present status of tha Industry shows. that, if he didnot build wiser
than he knew, he certainly did build wiser than most of his neighbors
knew. , ! i ' ;
- Hoh.'John H, McNary, brother of Senator McNary, has on his home
grounds, corner of North Summer and Center streets. Salem, some
fine specimens of the Barcelona filbert tree, one of which trees is
the largest Barcelona filbert tree in the United States for its age;
so pronounced by an-expert from the United' States department of
Nestling cosily on the banks
of Butte Creek in the northeast
ern part of Marion county is the
prosperous little city ot Monitor.
Located as it Is, In one of the
richest agricultural, fruit and
dairy sections of the valley the
growth and development
steady and permanent. An elec
tric railroad out from Oregon
City and terminating at Mt. An
gel, furnishes excellent transpor
tation facilities for Monitor and
community together with an
auto truck and stage service.
This little city is only about
seven miles east of Woodburn,
the Pacific Highway and South
ern Pacific railroad. Monitor i
also four miles north of Mt. An
sel, and enjoys the trade of the
fertile Butte creek valley and
ether prosperous tributary conn-
This little ity has a modern
new school building, which em
ploys, two teachers and has
about 70 pupils enrolled. The
town also has three good
churches and a number ot live
fraternal societies and farmer
organizations. A prlrate system
of water works supplies the town
with good, pure water and nearly
every line of business is repre
sented there. The Monitor State
Bank with a capital of 315,000
and deposits aggregating 1 90, 0
takes care ot the financial needs
ct the town and community. One
of the oldest and best of the
valley flour mills Is located at
Monitor and Is operated by wa
ter power, and is equipped with
a modern roller process plant.
There is a large lumber, shin
gle and tile warehouse and yards
at this place which supplies all
kinds of building materials at
reasonable prices. : One of the
large rock crushers which sup
plies ; materials for -road con
struction work is also located on
Butte Creek at Monitor.
Amcng the, most needed insti
tutions at Monitor' at : the. pres
ent time is a modern fruit and
vegetable cannery f to, supply... .
home market for the large quan
tities of fruits, berries and veg
etables grown in that community.
which are now marketed at .the
canneries. In neighboring cities.
Monitor and community, affords
excellent , opportunities for those
seeking homes . In a good little
town and prosperous . commun
Ity. .. . . .
More detailed Information re
garding Monitor is contained in
the following under the, head of
"The Monitor of Oregon," which
is told in rhyme by I. E. Dimlck.
one of the managers of the local
flour mills. f -
Put, oh! the work there must
have been .
To fasten them together with
' a wooden pin!
With ceaseless labor and not a
fear, - .
Ie finished his mill In just a
' year. .- 'j
So this you see was in sixty-
And right now I must tell you
The very same day he made
flour to fill a sack.
The Monitor ship sank the Mer
Next day when his wife her
bread did bake, '
TheJMonitor Mill was the ship's
Mr. Eagon in tjme did reach his
goal, . '
So to Peter Shuck the mill he
And when a new man was at the
Now I'll have to continue with
my spiel. .
Mr. Shuck for years the mill did
Now and then he would change
- her some; '
He finally threw -the old burrs
And replaced them with the roll-
. er way. : . -;
His flour was better and in great
Business grew beyond his care.
So he sold to W. E. Owen halt a
share ' ., '
And ' Monitor flour was sold
Other things also came in sight.
In the merchandise business they
started right; ' v
Pear , "
; ' -,- - . ' ' i s
'- : - Prune :
Ornamental Stock From Our List for Spring
Planting v !
Salem ! Nursery Co. I
428 Oregon Bldg. . Phone 1763
. The Monitor of Oregon
There is a little town here In the
west " .. 1 -
lhat Is somewhat different from
the rest, v
This information I give you . by
Although I am no poet, I'll do
To reveal to von some of the
And '' give you some past and
. present history; '
But time and space does not
Me to' give you exactly all of H
But the one important; fact 1
. ; know , .. v ..
Reaches back - to pioneer . days
sixty years ago. '
When a man named Eagon har
nessed old Butte Creek;
Of course at first they called it
Think! DearN readers, and you'll
That from the year Eighteen
and S'xty-three ' t
To , the present year Nineteen
and Twenty-three j
Somewhere there must be some
- , ':' - :..
In the days of sixty they had.no
Yet with this they were not sat
To Uncle Sam for . a postoffice
Uncje Sam says, "Certainly, l'H
Then the little town of Monitor
. was on the map.
Tears rolled by and the little
But Shuck and Owens split her
Jin two. '
'1 ' -: : ' " t '
Mr. Owens kept the old mill for
Till he met a man with a nig
1 broad smile. ... s
This man's name was S.' K.
But too much from the farmers
he did toll.
The store was sold to P. Short
: and Sons.
And the mill by , a man -named
v Pullium was run; - '
But Mr. Short was a man with
- crust and crown.
And finally owned the whole
; blame town.
Then to Mr. Gilles the mill he
did sell, ,
Who was full of ambition, an
He remodeled the , mill ' m to Its
Gave us our first electric light
and fire protection. :
Now I must bring the history up
From now on the , tacts to you
111 state. ... .' .'
Dimick , & Conyoe are millers
White, , : ' . .; -i. . I
Who make the flour that's made
just right. .. . ..-k
From L... D; Lenon your :grocerie
yon buy. - : ; - -' -r. . f
i F. MILLER m SXNS J
G.E N E RA L M ERC HA NDI SE,x
MONITOR, OREGON J
-.Notions and Novelties School Books and Supplies
. Dry Goods Boots and Shoes
Farm Machinery The International Lie ',
, - Agents , - - ' . -, ' . . '
Du Ponts Improved Pacific Stumping Powder
Primrose Cream Separators
Miller Sons boots keep your
. feet dry,
. V. Carmichael, furniture and
Luithle is the guy that cuts
G. C. Pomeroy,
Extracts a dime
our pool hair
when ever he
T. O. Thornton he does too;
C. W. Conyne whose money you
But you must pay it back to
morrow. Jensen's garage sells- you air.
The druggist your prescriptions
.. prepare. - . . ' :
A. N. Moshbergre sells you your
A. K. Nelson keeps shingles and
We have a dentist here once a
Who knocks you cuckoo, then
pulls your teeth.
WilHg and Bennett are black
On your horses they can put a
Fred Knprr is our butcher, that's
He ships sauer kraut and wienies
in by freight.
There' one more thing to keep
on your mind,
A busier town of its size in the
state yon can't find.
Once Join In our town, your
friendship we have won,
In M-O-N-I-T-O-It ot O-R-B-O-O-N.
Monitor Blacksmith Shop
. General Blacksmlthlng - .
Wagon Work and Auto Truck
Beds Made to Order
rVcd . TfllKjr; Proprietor
- MONITOR, OREGON:'
I,'mj - .' ? . . '- -
The Monitor Mutual Telephone
system is a valuable asset to the
town and commulty, and the
American Express Co., maintains
an office in the town, the writer
was Informed by Postmaster W.
The Salem district needs two
great leaders two men who will
organize the, seed growing and
the drug garden Industrie.
Where are the men? .We need
many other leaders, too, to organ
ize numerous other lines for
which nature has made provi
sion in this district.
T. 0. THOrUITOIJ
Harness. Saddles. Whips.
Robes. Gloves and all kinds ot
Leather Goods, Auto Trlm-
mings; Shoe Repairing
Nearly double the size of tbe
loganberry with a flavor like
a wild blacffberry coreless and
one of v the : best - new' :berries
known": 1 r .. i r v
TJ Or Tliornton,' Monitor," Ord.
f " Monitory Oregon
Grant-B. Dimick', President ;
F- Giesy,yice President
C. W; Conyne t Cashier :
We live up to our Slogan;
4 : . - t
Service and Courtesy"
flour for bread; y
One bright summer day Mr.
gon said: .yyy
"I . have harnessed old Butte
Creek to develop power, -'
And I will build a mill to grind
our nour. t , - -
at once huge timbers i were
'.hewn and laid, I-'-HV
From these the foundation ot the
. . P. Jensen; Prop:
Essex and Overland Cars
Acetylene Welding, Batteries and
General Repairing :
FISK AND GOODYEAR TIRES
',-- ; y , :y- .:y.v:;: . ,. . . v; ... .1 , ...
x Mom ' ;
C. V. Carmichael
i ; - ' ' ' . ' - y ' "
Hardware and Furniture, Ammunition, Paints, Oilsr
' Rugs, Linoleum . y .
Fairbanks Gas ' Engines; Oliver. Farm Implements,
Universal and Colonial; Ranges
y- Roofing- and Building, Paper
MONITOR, OREGON V 5
... . 1 - . . , , .v -r . ; j ., . j
t MONITOR LUMBER GO.
, MONITOR. OREGON
Lumber. Building Material Sash, Doors, Glass, Windows,
Lime, Plaster, Cement,' Land Plaster, Shingles, Moulding of
all kinds. Tile, Brick, Fence Posts, Egg Cases, Broccoli Crates.
Apple Boxes and all. kinds of other work don In factory In
lumber, yard. Paints and Oils All kinds of truck hauling
done promptly. ,: :' yf I ' , -
i fl7T? I TC V AT TD AD HE" D
" ' ; v -
, "Monarch Blend" Flour
Poultry and hairy Feeds and
V ; Supplies-
-' , Monitor, Oregon '
mill was made. - t