The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, March 31, 1923, Page 16, Image 16

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    (aiiJA'iiiSALEAl"Diblitiar NUmilK, MAUCli 1123
Has 8.18 Miles of Paved Highways, with All of Primary.Roads Practically Completed Total Cost Thus Far Exceeds
$51,000,000 System Makes Accessible Eastern and Southern Points Affords Easy Routes to Natures Grandeurs
By ROY A. KLISltf.
With the presont season Oregon
begins its eventh I year on the
state highway program which was
inaugurated tn lSl. In that per
iod the work accomplished has
resulted In 695 mlle.v of-4!ghway"
graded and pared. 119? mile?
graded and macadamized, and 46
miles' graded but not surfaced. In
addition ther ', ore 14.1 .miles
paved on the Mate -highway sys
tem in Multnomah county and ; in
tncorporatetf cltiesi of greater than
2000 population: so that the total
mileage of the state highway sys
tem which la paved', is jStiSlmlles.
The gross expenditures of the
highway commission in that pei
lod have been r,4.?27,4l4.81f if
which f6.747.047.44 U county
f upds, $4.r4 6,f50.GS government
funds,: and 97.381.1 j-ailroad
funds expended on grade crossing
eliminations, and I $43,340,44.95
state funds. - -'i ::: Ml-':
Orfgoii Fnt State,
The outstanding features of the
work "accomplished are: (The Pa
cific highway 345 miles In length,
hi paved or under contract for. pav
ing from the Columbia river -to
the California state Hoe with the
exception . of small gaps : which,
have been 1 left for future 'over
crossings of the railroad and the
gap between ? Junction City and
Harrlsburg, which has been left a
graveled road on account of over-;
flow conditions in the Willamette
river bottom. : The completion of,
this highway gives Oregon the dis
tlnction of being the first state
west of tho Mississippi to have' a
pared highway the entire length
of the state. . ' -. " ,
The QUI Oregon Trail.
The West Side Pacific algbway
is also paved or under contract
'for paving its entire length from
Portland, to Junction City, except
gaps for railroad 1 overcrosslngs.
The " Columbia River highway Is
paved from Portland to Astoria
and beyond to Seaside on the west,
and from Portland, to The Dalles
on the east. Prom The Dalles to
Pendleton it ia graded to standard
and gravel surfaced, and, when a
single gap, not over four- miles in
length on the summit of the Blue
Mountains which is under con
tract is completed, the Old Oregon
Trail -will bey completely graded
and graveled between " Pendleton
and the Idaho state line at On
tario, r . . : " K I y,;:r-i-K ; :- -! i : '
.The John Day highway, with a
few exceptions, is now graded and
traveled from - Arlington through
Condon, Fossil and. Spray to Prair
ie City, and a. beginning has been
made toward opening the eastern
end over the Blue mountains with
s $380,000 contract. The Dalies
Pallfornia highway has been fur
ther improved by construction
tork . in every county through
, filch It passo.i.
. , Th Rooevelt Highway i
Rapid ' progress has been made
on the northern and southern ends
of the Roosevelt I Coast, highway.
In Curry county : many bad .
Hons have been eliminated, and
between Tillamook and Astoria
all year travel Is now, possible. -Important
connecting, highways
between he Pacific highway and
the coast have - been ImproTed.
The ; CorvalUs-Newport highway
has been graded, almost Its entire
length and many miles have been
rocked. The Coos Bay-Roseburg
highway has been Improved by
gradjng and rocking, and next
year both of these roads will be
opened for all year travel.
; J Oregon Caves Highway
. Conpecting roads between the
Pacific highway and The Dalles
California highway, on which con
siderable .'improvement work has
been done this biennlum are the
McKenzle, . Crater Lake and Ash
land-Klamath' Falls highway. The
Oregon Caves has been opened up
by construction iof , the Orego'n
Caves . highway, The Iount
nooa ix)op is now an under con
tract from the Multnomah-Clack
amas county line around the
mountain td Hood River eltjr for
grading ana tock surfacing, ex
cept a ten-mile gap In the national
forest which has not been placaa
under contract for surfacing.
The Oregon-Washington high
way ts now completed , except, the
section between Heppner and the
bead of. Vinson canyon. Also a
noteworthy . Improvement whlsb
should .'be Included is 'the La
Grande-Joseph highway now un
der contract or com Dieted the en
tlre distance from La- Grande to
: Joseph. 'An - important road for
eastern Oregon Is the Prlnevllle
MltcheH section, part or which I?
completed and the balance under
contract.
, , The Program for 101SI
: The program proposed for 192
Is largely a program of closing
the gaps on - many important
through roads and will ? probably
reach an estimated coat of $8.
000,000. , On the Pacific highway
the ' major improvements are the
elimination of the railroad cross-
ing at Canemah and the construe
t Ion of a new approach Into Ore-
Ron City from the south; elimin
ating the timber trestle along the
i. -.. . .... -
""T. iu ceostmetson or a new
roncret and steel bridge over
rudding river near Aurora: the
ravlnar of the" nncercrossin sec
tion three miles north of Albany
completion of the ravine bet ween
Harrlsburg and - Halsey; comple-
.ON ERST STATE IN
1L. " 'JT
i- J
AfAP SHOWING THE FEDERAL, AID HIGHWAY SYSTEM FOR THE STATE OF OREGON AS AP
y ; ;j PROVED BY THE U. S. BUREAU OF PUBLIC ROADS '
Federal cooperation In the construction of highways can be obtained only upon projects which
are on the Federal aid system. Note that the highways represented by the lighter solid blaqk lines
are not included In this sy3tem. I j ;
tlon of surveys, designs and es-J
ttmates for the . Willamette river
bridge at Harrlsburg; ; completion
of the bridge across the Umpqna
river at Winchester; i elimination
of the railroad grade crossing in
Douglas county at Oakland. Shady.
Sutherlin, and Wilbur by the con
struction of overhead structures.
; West Side HJghwa
Completion' of tho paving on
the. West Side Pacific highway
from Portland to Junction City,
112 - miles.ison the program. It
the present- controversy In Polk
county is settled and many others.
Also completion of the Corval-
lis-Xewport highway., between
Wren and Newport, graded and
rock surfaced, ; making possible
all-year travel between Corvallls
and Newport; completion ; of the
Roseburg-Coos Bay highway grad
ed and rock, surfaced, 65 miles,
completion of ' th Ashland-Klamath
Falls highway, graded and
rock surfaced, .57 miles, comple
tion of the Crater Lake highway.
graded' and rock surfaced from
Medford to 'Klamath Falls. 147
mlles - . i ,
Completion is on the program
of the Neskowln-Siletz river and
Newport-Otter - rock - sections ! of
the coast highway, insuring con
nection between. Newport and Til
la m ook i n 1 9 2 4 . ; Also , im prove
ment of the coast highway be
tween Coqujpe" and Bandon and
betweenCoos bay and : the ITmp
qua river; also Improvement of
the Coast highway In Curry coun
ty. Also bridge across Iewis
and Clark river In Clatsop county,
placed under contract for com-:
pletion in 1924 Also , further
work ' on the MCKenxfe highway
betweeii Bend and Eugene; furth
er work on the John Day highway
and also on ! the Lakeview-Prine-
rvlllci highway; further work on
The Dalles-California highway . in
Wasco. Deschutes,- Jefferson and
Klamath counties. "
Since December 1, 1.922, 24
contracts have een, awarded at
a, total estimated cost of $1.52o,-
000. These? contracts' ilepresent
104 miles of : grading, .94 miles ot
macadam and ; 3 XA miles of pav
Legislation Will Help
Legislation enacted by the ses
sion, of the legislature Just closed
will materially v assist tjie state
highway program The addition
al tax of lc per gallon on gasoline
will produce, approximately $500,
000 per year additional revenue,
which will be expended on the
state "highway system. '
Under the new law the high
way commission is given author
ity to route the state highways
through cities and towns, which
will result In direct ", location on
streets best adapted to carrying
the through travel, without re-
sard td local Influences. , The
highway commission is also given
control of telephone, telegraph
and power lines on' state high
ways. The present law providing
that . the commission could close
roads or limit the loads, when It
seems Wr the best Interests of the
state, was amended to provide an
adequate penalty for violation.,'
Park and Camp Sites, Ktc.
'Acting on! , the . authority given
y the 1921' legislature, the com--nlssion
reports that some prog
ress ha3 been made In the matti-r
of acquisition of parks and camp
ing sites as well aa the saving rf
trees along the roadside and tt.e
olantlng of ; young trees and
shrubs. Th response tof many
?ivlc. organizations to the ; latter
feature Is encouraging, and it is
expected and hoped that this tocal
Assistances will continue as tho re
ilts accomplished become rnore
noticeable. V ."t
5 It has been the though, of the
commission that in very many In
stances public-spirited cjtlzens
rronld be glad fo donate park
nd thua conserve the state funds
for improvements.; and th!a ;x
pectatlon has been realized - to a
limited extent, several such, gifta
if - ' .' j ".fit- V- .II
1 ,J:
having been received wU
arcs
gratefully acknowledged! And
which have been accepted for the
state.
A gift of approximately 5
acres on the West Side highway
In Polg Icounty was received from;
Sarah, James and Amanda Helm-
Ick. Twentv acres at Clatsop
Crest have been deeded : to Clat-
sop county for a public park' hy
the Bradley heirs. A strip of land ;
between the Pacific highway and;
the Umpqua river south of Dil-'
lard, containing approximately 6.8
acres, has been donated to ' the
state by J. H. and Catherine Booth
of Roseburg. -v- r -: " ;
; f io!a Camp (J rounds ;
The commission has acquired bj
condemnation : pertain parcels ol
land on the Columbia River high
way, loops Just east ot Hood River
in order to prevent the ' erection
of buildings which .would cut cofl
the sight distance around ' th
curves. Another purpose was ; to
protect the roadbed from being un
dermined by the removal of gravel
ort ' the adjoining property. ' Tei
acres on the Salem-Dallas high-
J ray nearEola have been acquired
roin Thomas Holman fori 41000
for a . camping place, but' no im
provement work , has been done..
In order to improv the sight dis
tance on a sharp curve near Rain
ier, two acres have been purchas
ed from Dr. Ditto for $600, a di
lapidated barn removed.' and the
property otherwise Improved. i
Many Beauty Spots .')
There are many other spots
along our highways(wblch should
be. secured and preserved for fu
ture generations before the timber
and shrubbery have; been' removed
or destroyed or : other i physical
features marred. Several dona
tions of desirable property, have
been"?promised and are now in
process of negotiation. ; j
In Deschutes county, by: means
of close cooperation between the
Deschutes ' county 1 court, the
Brooks-Scanlsn Lumber company,
the forest service ; and . the' com
mission, arrangements were made
to preserve the standing pine on
a section of the Dalles-California
highway south of Bend. This was
done under authority ot the De
schutes forest exchange bill re
cent'y, passed by congress under
which the timber company was
permitted to exchange their hold-,
ings for other areas In the nation
al forest. ;- ;i ;
Drinking fountains, have been
erected, some of which are orna
mental, at a few places where pure
water could be obtained.! It Is
the intension of the commission
to construct more , of . these foun
tains from time to -time.' f ' j 11
Advertising' Sijns Removed ' '
The commission , has continued
its, policy of removing all adver
tising sgns illegally placed within
the right of way limits, and, by co
operation with -property owners
and some advertisers' themselves.
many objectionable ; signs have
been removed. These advertising
signs, besides boing a blot on the
landscape, constitute a harard by
diverting the attention of drivers
when they should bo watching tba
road. ,
Signing the Highway '
The work of signing the state
highways has been continued with
the , result that on the highways
where construction operations are
well advanced standard direction
and v distance signs have - been
placed throughout, and on others
temporary wooden direction signs
have been placed. Warning signs
have been placed on .many curves
and. at dangerous points, 'red re
flector danger signals have been
Installed, which .'have received
favorable comment. Warning signs
have also been placed In the vicln
lly of school houses and at dan
gerous Intersections. , f ; -"
Complete the niphwayn
The cbmmlsafon believes that Its
policy of closing up the unimprov
ed or uncompleted - gaps on the
main, highways should be followed
t, k . ; -t ins
R
kUCNB
aM Secondly fH K Hhwy
St Htpi.no included
m fad- AmI Sy W
O S Watonal foresf
...1
and that . on the other highways
as yet , constructed J only In part
that the improvement should 1 be
extended Out from the Important
cities reproducing centers on" a
constructive program " until the
whole shall be completed, and un,:
til i this Is accomplished no new
roads should be added to the state
highway map. ;1 "
. It will be noted that the work
KNOWS LAND VALUES
Ben F. West, Realtor, Ma
rion Co. Assessor 8Tears
Thet assessor's, office is a mighty
fine school in which to learn land
values" and that Is Ben IV Wet"a
long suit. West, who ds now one
of the county's well-known real
tors, spent eight years as Marion
county assessor... The fact that he
held the Job for two terms proves
his capabilities along land valu
ation lines. : He wasn't a stranger
to Marion county values when he
took office; but. the eight years
he : spent assessing , kept " him
abreast with all Ihe factors that
govern values and he took his ex
perience right Into his realty bus
iness.; . .. N- " 1 '.' " 'Ill
Mr. West has been in Salem tor
32 years. Because of his known
acquaintance, with land values, he
does a large business in making
appraisements for clients, besides
transacting a general realty busi
ness. ' " .- 'n' ' -';, .
It would be misleading to urge
that "anybody" could come to the
Willamette valley, and grow rich
wlth poultry, or fruit, on a small
acreage. This is subject to natur
al laws; industry,1 and Intelligence,
and adaptabllitty, and even blind
luck, determine success or failure
and not the number of acres.
But the soil and climate and mar
kets are all here; and information
is In books and the near-by ag
ricultural college, to make any
cultural ' Industry pay, If ,one will
but mix these Ingredients' s with
Judgment. . . - -
Salem Isn't Vlodged to death."
but there is almost every lodge
that anyone wants to Join, located
in Salem, There are, several fra
ternal organizations wUh member
ships running well ab6ve50,0; one
wun more than HOO members,
and still growing. And the church
es, too, are splendidly represent
ed, with almost every known
American, denomination having its
own buildings end working organ
ization. There is no better social
city anywhere in the West.
i
onthe entire state - high way -Bys-tem
is well .advanced and many
sections entirely completed. The
road construction should continue
until the, beneflta from the expen-
dltu res have been ea.ualized and
every section has received itsdue
proportion. Anything less is bo
tair and should npt be
considered.
' : V Work Must flo
On !''.;'"
Federal aid for, highways Is now
a, well established governmental
Dolicy, which must certainly be
continued. From this source It is
reasonable to expect that the state
villi receive from tteven and one
haf to ten million dollars In the
next five year.v If thla amount Is
Hatched dirertly with state fundi
or cooperation given by the coun
ties. vhi h. l:v permissible under
'he amntd.l;iw, the entire Bys-
t'em rovrtl ly the present state
highway mai--orat least every
important, section of it will be
apep to travel and most or Wll of
H put In u:?ahl- condition for con
'.iauous travel.
Must Ix Maintained
HIphv:i- !)fttermept ' will ho a
constant and oqt Increasing de
aiand, and tjje Importance of
maintenance ran n,ot be overesti
mated. Furthermore maintenance
:s a requirement, of the federal acM
md an eseential to federal co-
operation.1 Ample provl3ion should
hrefore be made for keeping the
'roads properly maintained. ; !
. By reports ar.d in various way?
n the past, the conimi3ion ha?
alled attention to the necessity
or speed and load limitation for
the protection " of the roads " and
for rules ( of safety for the pro
tection of human life. ,It Is grati
fying that on these matters the
public is becoming thoroughly
aroused, , but vigilance must be
constant or we will lose! all and
more than we have gained.
At ibest, highway building" for
modern use is still In an experi
mental stage. The errors, inciden
tal lo -pioneering or for lack of
precedent ' or any . other reason
should not be considered sufficient
Justification for discontinuing the
great enterprise of highway Im
provement demanded and forced
by modern industrial and social
conditions. " ' ' ' ' "
TRACTOR IN FAVOR
A. A. Hang & Co. Report
Active. Demand for Ctetrac
With the trend towards intens
ive farming in the Greater Salem
district, there has come a growing
conviction on Ihe part of the farm
ers that the smaileV type of farm
tractor, the kind ' that . is- small
enough to. handle easily and yet
big and powerful enough to do the
work, is a money-saving piece of
machinery. - That-there is. a real
demand for such an implement Is
proven by the fact "that A. A.
Haag & 1 Co., distributors of the
Cletrae Tank Type tractor, sold
six of them' during the month of
February alone It reports that it
believes the March" record will be
even better. ' -
Intensive farming precludes the
raising of horse feed. The. man
with 1 a comparatively small farm
can't afford to devote any part of
it to raising horse feed when he
can make his acres earn1 hundreds
of dollars' apiece with, fruit. And
it's expensive forhim. If he does
not raise ; feed. 1 The farmers are
solving this problem by substitut
ing tractor power for horse power,
for the former does not' eat wlien
It Is idle. - 1
The Haag firm calls attention to
the fact that the Cletrae Is the
Ideal tractor for the Willamette
valleyMn that it ia adaptable, be
cause of its tank construction, to
hillside farming; and it's on the
sidehiils where much of our best
fruit land ijs. It " Is also easily
handled, it can be made' to turn
around in a small space . and its
operation expense; is. light.
Salem's street railway system
serves the needs of the commun
ity admirably. Its lines extend, to
all . the residential sections, fboth
within and outside the city limits,
affording, a . cheap metgd of
transportation for the city's work
ers. The fare is only 6 cents, 2
cents cheaper than it Is 'In Port
land, and as cheap as it is any
where, almost.' V
Because of its horticultural de
velopment, Salem is the home of
an ample number of nurseries.
'iH' 'rl. Z- "S
7
y c it. .
, -" ... ,
Loading Oregon 'Iistland,t Prunes air-Portland for export.1 '
r , Oresoa Growers' Co-operative Association, shippers.. ,
TO FRIENDS: 1 '
. Sale;n and Vicinity. ; '
. ' - " ' - ' " ' ' - ' - 'V ' ' 't
Greetings: " . - ; r' - - . . ' -
Ilnvinjr sold my store to Mr. Tickens of Rosebiirg and Mr. Haynes of Sacra
mento, California; I take this occasion of expressing my appreciation of the
many favors extended me tlnriug my nearly twelveyears of business in Salem.
I. bare no plans Jaid for the near future, Imt'expeet to remain in Salem and
will lie found nttbe old location for the transaction of business eonnectei
with the settling of affairs. ; -
. . : ' ". .
Again expressing my deepest regard for the pleasant association T have had
with the people of Salem and vicinity, I am, 1 ' .
Is Center of Hopgrowing -
Pickers Every- Fall front
!
Elsewhere in-this Issue the fer
tility and productiveness of the
WiiUamette River bottom soil at
Independence has been commented
upon Tho subject is. worthy ,of
repetition, for there is no mistak
ing the fact that that soil is the
best in the state, and Is as good
&i the best uny where.
1 These bottoms have been a great
asset to , Independenre . and they
still are. -They are covered with
field after field of hops In the
summer " months, fields which
yield greater., crops than any othlr
hopflelds 'anywhere in Oregon, or
anywhere else for that' matterl
; September is - the busy - month
J-in the "hopflelds, for this ia the
time when the ; picking is under
way. Armies of women and chil
dren and men make annual cil
grimages to these fields to earn
their "stakes." . Since. the advent
of the automobile, travelers have
come from afar to take, a hand in
the work. Good pickers can . earn
big wages in a day and there is
not a child who; cannot, if he at
tends to business, make his. days
mighty profitable.!; Giant hop-dryers,
where the crop is stored after
the harvest, give indication of the
But the hopyards are not Inde
pendence's sole kneans of support.
The city is sur-rqunded on all sides
by excellent farm lands and gener
al farming is' practiced rdund
'about, 'or late years many of the
farmers have entered the pure
bred stock business. H. D. Ihliff,
who came from Illinois a dozen
years ago; S. J. McKee, who has
not been in'the business so long
but who has bred several record
making cows, .one, of c them a
world's champion ; Q. G. Hewitt
and others are among this num
ber. . . .
Independence is one of the old
er cities of "the vaUey and Its history-runs
parallel to that of the
I "... ' . . . -
i1
Very truly jours,
Farming: and Livestock Industries City si Mecca fcr Hep-'
Whom It GetsBig Bosmess Purebred . CaUIe frtf ortqr.t
state. Qt is a ' delightful ' towri.
where visitors are gladly wel
corned and where the general ap
pearance . . f prosperity makes the
wayfarer glad to be there. ; Grain
elevators, a flour and feed mill,
creamery and ther enterprises af
ford farmers markets and do their
share towards supporting the com
munity. - v.1;-;-' '' ;;? ;.-;-tv.
Independence is well cared for
by business- houses. - Two large
banks, ably managed and pro
gressive In Hheir "methods, serve
the financial requirements ot the
community admirably. "There are
department stores, clothing stores.
Jewelry shops automobile estab
lishments, grocery stores which
take care', of the ' people's - needs.
There is an excellent hotel with
one of the finest cuisines that can
be found 1 anywhere. ' Several
movie houses provide entertain
ment. There are several real es-'
tale firms and "a 'newspaper.
. The city has a live community
clubof Which - Mayor "Mike
Walker Is president - and D. ' E.
Fletcher is secretary. This 'or
ganization is doing a big work in
keeping Independence on;its for
ward march. ' v ';'. '
Independence people are loyal
to their city. They have little;
Chas.K.
Spaulding
bogging Co.
Manufacturers and
Dealers .
Douglas Fir
Lumber
Sash and Doors .
Mill Work '
Boxes
Building Material
Indiana Silo
Paints and .
Hardware
. B. E. SMTH, Mgr. ,
ReUil Yard;
Independence, Oregon
........
Salem, Orpgnn, -
Mareh 31, 1023.
C. .M. ROBERTS,
W9 sfnp't
consideration for Ihe person V.
attempts to do it any. lnjustlc
They' are Jealous of Its rights f.:
are prbud-of its accpiapllshniei:.
And that's, al'fine trait for a:
community to have.
First
National
Bank ' "
bi '
Jpd$pende?icQ
It has served well
its community for
years and years and
is still doing it.
Bf.c
-Ccclde
L
..J
Both Heavy and
Shelf Hardware
Stock that Meets
. . .
; the Needs of
Everybody
.n