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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 27, 1923)
THE OREGON StATESMAKf SAtEJtf OREGON
r::r ' -i rTTn a V. MOANING; MARCH 27, 1923,
leaned Daily Except Monday by . -.
, THE STATESMAN PUBLISHING COMPANY
115 S. Commercial St., Salem, Oregon
(Portland Oftlce.723 Board of Trade Building. Phone Beacon 1193)
'..-' MEMBKR OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Th Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to tbe use for pubil
eatlon of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited
S a a m ... a av
at uii paper ana aiso u local news panusnea nerein.
R. J. Hendricks
Ralph Glover . . .
Trank Jaskoskl . .
-U : t
. . , .Managing Editor
.Manager Job Dept.
t- si! .
-Business Office. SS ;
Circulation Department. KSS
Job Datrtment, 681 f
Society Editor, IOC i
Entered at the Postotflce In Salem. Oregon, as second class matter
v "At 20; he was sent to the Oregon penitentiary for seven
years from Portland for larceny in a dwelling. - That was
in .1919. --j (' y -
A 4'Seven months ago he was paroled. A few days ago
he stole an automobile in Eugene, drove it to Junction, and
there abandoned it. Suspected of the theft, he was con
fronted with evidence and confessed. He is now 24.
"What is the influence, what the agency, that can sal
vage this youth? Is there a way?,. Is there anybody at peni
tentiaries to study the natures of inmates and form some
reliable conclusion as to what, society may do with them ?
."We ululate about the increase in crime. We have rea
son to. " But what Are we doing in an intelligent way to con
trolit?yS. f v:)'--.u. 7JV:;..- " --'Ir .'.-V--.."
"Far, back Irifjstoryl somebody conceived the idea of
locking .'up those who broke the rules of the then crudely
organized social order. That somebody also secured adoption
of a plan of killing certain individuals whose offenses were
more serious. That was some thousands of years ago, when
civilization was-rtlde and the-natural laws of human life were
little understood. s,'. ! ,-,
"We are dealing with criminals in much the same fash
ion now. We make the management of prisons largely the
a a A aT 'A A"i . 1 .
outcome 01 elections, ime amateur aiier anoiner succeeds
to the control.- One has a fad for liberal treatment of prison
ers and the next is a hard-boil. Some head of a government
comes along and at a single stroke paroles or pardons 70 con-
.victs or so. - - . ; ' v- -
"It would be difficult to plan a system less intelligent.
Usually the directing heacU of prisons are temporary, un
familiar! with crime and the bent and mental processes of
criminals, wholly inexperienced in a business that obviously
calls for the highest order of intelligence and . a previous
training more exhaustive than the -most expert specialist in
medicine or kindred callings. In an our life activities there is
probably nothing that we do so bunglingly, so ignorantly and
so ineffectively as in our dealings with criminals.
: . .j "Take this mere boy at Junction newly paroled and new
ly T returned to criminality. He has cost society a lot of
money. He is an item in the tax receipts'. He is a part of
the problem of increasing crime. The state had him in
charge nearly five years. . . ;
"Yet he i3 still a dry leaf blown about 4y the winds
and who, along with thousands upon thousands of other dry
leaves,' is tinder; that keeps- society on fire." Portland
. Journal. . - 1
A new parole board has been named and may it have
' little to dol' Portland Oregonian. j
"What is the influence, what the agency, that can sal
vage this youth ? Is there a way ?' - These are two of the
questions asked by the Journal writer. ' ,
iYes, there, is a way, , and modern prisons are adopting
the way ; prisons like the penitentiaries of Minnesota, Mis
souri, Alabama, and thp3e of most of the progressive states.
Modern prisons are polytechnic schools. They provide
employment in industries that pay their expenses; that, in
the three named above, create huge revolving surpluses be
sides; $4,000,000 in Minnesota, $9,000,000 in Missouri; hun
dreds of thousands in Alabama.
And they pay every worker a small daily wage; they
provide schools to teach the illiterate; they enable the men
serving their times to help their people on the outside, sinned
against but not sinning; to keep their families together.
All this leads to reformations; to 85 per cent in Minne
sota as high as the average in juvenile reformatories for
boys. (Not for girls, more's" the pity.)
Oregon has for her penitentiary a new revolving fund
law, passed by the last Legislature. She is entering on the
right way. Her system is to be made modern along the
lines of modern penologythe treatment to be reformatory
and not" vindictive following the letter and spirit of the
Constitution of Oregon, wisely worded by the men who laid
the foundations of our commonwealth; but not heretofore
observed either in letter of spirit, in any long continued and
well worked out program.
There is a way, Mr. Frank Irvine, editor of the Portland
Journal. Oregon is in the way. Give her time; and not a
grea deal of time, either, for Superintendent Smith of the
Oregon penitentiary is working a3 fast as he can, without
making too many mistakes, on the new system.
But the rules of modern penology require that there
shall be paroles; that the parole board have a good deal to
do. But this does not mean that there should be any paroles
granted recklessly. They must be earned; and the records
will be the best recommendations when the new system gets
to functioning fully. But there must be reward in liberty
earned as well as in wages paid in the new system.
Mr. Irvine is right in his restrictions concerning politics
in prison management, i There should be no politics Jat all.
Oregon must keep on "keeping
with her highway program. . at
least' to the extent of finishing the
gaps and . matching the govern
ment money. Any other course
I FUTURE DATES !
; The criticism of the Portland Journal is in part well
taken. . l- " i
: u But the quip of the Oregonian is not ; it is in line with
the reactionary prison policies of the old times.
March 27, Tuesday State convention of
Benefit Association of Macabbees. Sent
at Chamber. Stat House.
March 27. Tuesday -Lions Club Min
strels to show at Turner.
March 27, Tuesday Company F. smoker;
Bares vs. Archer, math event.
March 28, Wednesday Presentation of
"The Bat" at Grand theater.
March 28, Wednesday Frank Ober to
lecture on Asia Minor, at Chamber of
. Commerce. f '
March 29, Maundy Thursday Scottish
Bit Masons' banquet at Hotel Marion.
March 31. Saturday State fair Board to
.meet. - .-. . ; ' i-
April 7, Saturday Shrine Vaudeville 0
Luxe at Armory.
April 2 to- 9 Music Week.
April 2, Monday Clarence C. Hamilton.
: field . secretary t'aited Soeiety of
' Christian Endeavor, to speak in, Salem.
April 2. Monday Made-in-Salem week
April 3, Tuesday Septic tank and water
bond election at Dallas.
April 4, Wednesday Willamette Tent
Maeeabees district initiation Degree
work by Mt. Hood Tent. Portland.
April 13, Friday Willamette Men's Glee
club concert at armory.
April 19, 20 and 21 Cherrlsn Cherriniro.
April 28, Saturday. Whitney - Boys
chorus at Armory.
May 5. Saturday AI Kader temple
Shrine ceremonial in Salem. ;
May . Sunday Blossom Isy. ' '
Mar l 8, Friday May Festival, Haydn's
oratorio, "The Four Seasons."
Msy 28. 29. 30 and 81 Oregon Jersey
would be a great mistake, and any
action making this impossible is
likewise a mistaken policy, on the
part of any one acting upon it. "
If the country surrounding Sa
lem will keep on keeping as , far
ahead of the city as it is now, Sa
lem will grow solidly. , And the
indications are that tbe surround
ing country will.
Sarah Bernhardt,, the . world's
greatest actress, made a brave
fight with a brave spirit, against
the infirmities of the flesh, but
such a spirit could not stay longer
in so frail a body.
The Statesman of Thursday
will have a symposium on broc
coli, among other things. Will if
pay for the Willamette valley
broccoli growers to stay with the
industry? That is the big;ques
.tion needing an answer.
WIFE OR .WIRELESS?
world : when wireless takes the
place of our women. Maybe we
better take the ax and break up
the crystal set before if is too
late. It would eeem that In this
divorce case SIg. Marconi should
have been nameVi as co-respond
ent. 1 v
THE YELLOW PERIL
Foreign gold came Into the
country during February to the
amount of $8,000,000. This Is
the lightest gold importation of
any month for more than three
years. , Last year tbe gold re
ceipts for February were $28,000,
000 andthe year before they were
$42,000,000. By this time 'we
must have half the gold in the
world or else exchange is improv
LACK OP TEETH
In a speech in New York Hiram
Johnson registers -opposition to
American participation in .the In
ternational Court of Justice. His
objection is that it is no court at
all. He says that it is no court
for it lacks power to haul laggard
governments before it or properly
enforce ita judgment's. But if It
did have teeth and claws jand
compulsory jurisdiction would
Senator Johnson support it? How
many of the Johnson senatorial
group would approve America's
snaring in a court that had real
power of enforcement' behind it?
They base their objection to the
international court on its want'of
supreme and absolute jurisdiction.
But would they help give it au
thority; or encourage American
participation therein? ! They
wonld not. Senator Johnson
would rather be wrong than be
consistent. Los1 Angele3 Times.
A MODERN TURKISH BRIDE
A' wife testifies In the divorce
court that radio love has wrecked
her home . and happiness., . The
husband has become so passionate
in his devotion to wireless ex
perimentation that he neglects his
wiiii, am nuiou auu. ma uusijucss.
Although he has a good Jncome,
he is spending .if all for new-fan-'
gled radio equipment and practi
cally all his time is given to "lis
tening In." It will be a sorry
Copyright, 102S, Asamclated Edit or
The Biggest Little Paper fa the World
Edited by Joho H. Millar
For Boys and Girls
Castor; the Boy General.
.Nearly all "boys know the story
jf bow General Custer routed the
Indians in the West. All boys,
however, do not, , know that Cus
ter was fighting redskins when he!
was 10 years ..of age not, of
course, real -Indians, but the
.Btorybook kind.4 p j
George Armstrong jCuster lived
on a farm, and j attended; a coun-
try school. .Thp teacher 'of. Cus
tors' school 'was known as; "Old
Stebblns.' j Wearing f a pair of
4 felt slippers-to deaden his foot
a steps, he would- creep cautiously
. and noiselessly around v the room
- Should he See any pupil with eyes
; and inin$ not " intent' upon his
' old fellow,' and the Jirnant would
Twelve' a good caningj - j
, Foxy, as "Old-Stebblns" was
be met his. match in the mlschlev-
' ous Cunter, for as: be would glide
i stealthily about; he would- find
George busily engaged in tracing
the course of some river, or chain
of mountains, with his forefinger
In the geography. '01d Stebbins"
would give a smile of satisfaction
at seeing such a dillgeiit pupil. No
sooner was his back turned, than
'with the quickness of an Indian,
up would-be lifted the end of the
, tfeograpby, and young Custer
would be deep in the stirring
ncelies of war and adventure in the
liiddeu novel beneath. George was
never caught at this trick. - This
fondness for novel reading did not
keep Custer from becoming an ex-
cellent wrestler and runner, but
he never went swimming. AH his
kept away jfrom boats and the
water. , t ; -.
Custer,, was 16 years of age
when he began to teach In a coun
try school, i He found the work!
boresome'aad was ready to leave
when there came an appointment
from West Point. At the military
school his mischievous spirit was
much In eveidence. .
At the' outbreak of the Civil
War he was under sentence for
punishment; ' awaiting trial by
court martial.!- While Custer, as!
the officer on guard, was making
his rounds of inspection, he came
across two cadets who had fallen
out. From j words they soon came
to blows. A Crowd of students
gathered, and a few endeavored to
stop the fight. ' Custer's duty as
an officer was to arrest the two
angry cadets. Instead, he pushed
away the. crowd, going so far as'
to seize those who were trying to
put an end to the bout, and called
out. ' Stand back: Let s have a
fair fight." Fighting, of course,
was against the rule, and Custer,
Instead of the two cadets, was
placed under arrest.'
Later, with the cry of war on
the country's lips, Custer was re
leased. He was given a post In
the army, and In a few years be
came a general.
I THE SHORT STORY, JR.
Said ItoUKUts, -This tooth is s
For-eating; It's not any use; f
It ought ,to be out .
Without any doubt." ,
So Don got some string for a
-' noose. 1
'Tve got a. loose tooth." Doug
las stuck out an experimenting
tongue and carefully wiggled his
tooth back and forth. "I sup
pose it ought to come out."
"Oh. let me pull it out," Don
ald cried eagerly. , "I'd like to.
Remember, I let you pull my last
one' out." i:' ' "ff !
"Yes," Douglas grudgingly ad
mitted, "but yours was lots loos
er. Besides I' pulled gently and
didn't hurt you. . .
"Aw, I'll be gentle." Donald
assured . him, "honest I 'will."
"I don't believe it's quite loose
enough to Come out. Seems to
me mother wouldn't want me to
have it out yet."
But Donald was not to be put
off that way. He asked his
mother, and she assured him ' he
might pull his brother's tooth
rght away if he wished. Poor
Douglas could think of no other
excuse. He decided to be brave
and do what Don said. .
Donald - untangled a piece, of
string from the nails, corks, fish
ing tackle, and other rubbish in
his pocket. One end he tied se
curely around tbe loose tooth;
the otter ,he tied" to the knob
of the swinging door. "Now you
stand just as far away; as the
string will let you," he command
ed, "and when I jerk the door
open your tooth will come, out."
"Well." Douglas was not overly
enthusiastic. He took' his pace
as Don instructed . and watched
h's brother go out the other
do3r. ' "S-s-ay s-somethlng before
you s-start, s-so I can be ready,"
he begged. ". . . ;
"NO I won't.! You'd; only get
cold feet' his brother scoffed.
But Doug did' not waltffor any
word, even it Donald had chosen
to give one No sooner had the
door closed' behind, h'n l brothet
than his heart failed him. ' He
rushed over to the swinging door
and crouched against it out , of
danger from the taut string.
As Donald ran down the hall
to the other door the idea occur
red to him to play r a trick on
Doug. "I'l push the door 'u."
he thought, "instead of pulling
1t out, and then he'll have .all
this scare for nothing." With a
whoop he - rushed against the
door and dashed into the room.
"Orr-w-w,"' there was a loud
crash followed by . a prolonged
howl from Dpug, as he picked
himself up from behind tW door.
"What do you mean, busting my
head like that? I'll get you!"
Donald was off in a second, fol-
Iqwed by Douglas in tot pursuit.
He'caught him in the corner ot
the kitchen and pounded him.
vigorously in the stomach. "You
made me' bite my tongue,-, you
did," he .growled. "It's bleed
ing." "Aw, get off my stomach. Let
me tip. That's, where you pulled
your tooth out when you ran
The remarkable change in wo
man's life and position in Turkey
is illustrated in the stories com
ing from Angora regarding Mus-1
tapha Kemal Pasha and his 19-year-old
bride. The wedding was
the culmination of a genuine ro
mance between the Nationalist
leader and the highly educated
girl who, in the enthusiasm of
youth, has dedicated her life to
the improvement of her nation's
womanhood. The ceremony was
delayed until the return of Ismet
Pasha from the Lausanne confer
ence, as that diplomat' had been
ordered to bring back the latest
in platinum wedding rings to
grace the finger of the future
Alme. Kemal. Which proves that
a Mohammedan damsel and an
American flapper are, after all,
sisters under the skin."
Mme. Kemal promptly shatter
ed the moss back prejudices and
traditions of her country into neat
fragments by. entertaining 1 with
an "at home," jointly with her
husband. : Here, In addition to
Premier Raouf Bey and other
Turkish political lights, were Bri
tish photographer's and European
and American newspapermen. The
first lady of the Turks had the ad
vantage over her husband In that
she spoke English fluently and
suffered from no timidity in air
ing her views on all subjects per
taining to Turkish, politics and
educational reforms contemplated
for girls. ,
She is described as pretty.
highly intelligent, with a dynamic
personality and to be revolving
the idea in her mind with great
relish of seeing some women en
sconced in the National parlia
ment. Wherever the Pasha goes.
on official journeys or otherwise,
she travels also and occupies her
rightful share of the spotlight. As
her father was once a member of
the New lork Cotton exchange, he
may have imbued her with this
American idea. Many a venerable
follower of the prophet must be
writhing benekth his graceful
tomb in the Moslem cemeteries at
this spectacle of the wife of , a
Turkish leader defying age-old
traditions. The world does move
what were unused. Without hav
ing recourse to tbe touch he could
tell whether a sheet of paper had
haan wrlttnn UDOn. ' -t
Although the excitement of tbei
speculative atmosphere was anew
to the blind student he quickly
grasped the purpose and details.
He spotted fhe tickers and tele
rranh Instruments 'within a few
inches of their locations. His
alert ears and sensitive facial
nerves enabled him to create an
accurate mental picture of the
room and its uses. He even
caught the difference In age and
stature of the various traders. One
of the large operators offered
him a good salary if he would be
come a floor trader on his staff.
He said that the blind man could
read the minds or guess the in-
tentlons of those , about him and
would be worth more than half
a dozen of the wise boys with the
The other day a French scien
tist was quoted as demonstrating
the possibility of one's "seeing"
through one's skin. It is certain
that the impressions they record
are more accurate than those reg
istered by fhe eye. This sense or
power can be enlarged and im
proved. It is a comfort to know that the
blind may have some recompense,
after all. : ' .
I - PICTURE PUZZLE
; , ; L
THE BLIND SEE
! farm a urtun. csviADr rr
THE.WOROS PICTURED HERE.
i Answer t last pnssie; "Tbe early bird
The blind may become more ac
curate observers than those bless
ed witn full vision. There is a
blind student at the Chicago Uni
versity who is training himself for
a career as a newspaper reporter
and his prospects appear excellent.
He is going to be more accurate
than tho average of his, class be
cause ho has a sense of perception
beyond . any mere endowment of
the eyes. He has a sharpened
sende of hearing and he has devel
oped the nerves in his face so
that the faint differences of air
pressure are . instantly recorded.
He goes about unescorted, . up
stairs and down and can even
pass through a crowded street
without being jostled. He goes
to ball games and by interpreting
the mass mind and keeping hjs
ears and nerves attuned he fol
lows the sport as accurately as
many keen-eyed spectators.
On a receai dayhe visited the
board of trade during a busy
hour. Although he had never
been Jn the room before he was
able to. tell its size more accurate
ly than any of the traders visiting
it every day. After listening to
the echoes and the confusing
crie3 of the spectators for a mo
ment he said that the room was
150 by 155 feet In. size. On be
ing measured it Was found to be
148 by 158.The blind student
also told with uncanny accuracy
the number of people in the rooni.
No spectator could guess as close
ly. The sightless visitor was also
able to tell what blackboards bad
chalked quotations on them and
! BITS FOR BREAKFAST I
National garden week
It will be next week in Oregon.
For the rest of the country, it
will be the week beginning April
16. But we are two weeksearlier
here in Oregon.
Easter comes early this year
bo as to arrive before the styles
change.- It is next Sunday. I '
You can say one thing for wood
alcohol. Nobody ever' Inherits a
taste for it. .' ' V .
Los Angeles will have a to0,
000 hotel for dogs. A room for
the night will likely be about two
The Natron cut-off will help
Eugene, and no oue win wo
nn But it will also help Salem
and all the rest of Oregon.
They are having a great broc
coli harvest In the Roseburg dis
trict. The Statesman of Thurs
day will have a symposium on. the
industry. " ;
- - v. -
Part of the annual edition qf
The Statesman - is . printed 22
pages of it. The edition will be
out Friday or Saturday 38 to 40
Freedom of speeches for those
who know the speech of ,free
" Senator Charles L. McNary is
chairman of the select committee
of the senate on reforestation.
The committee Is now in the
south, and will visit various sec-
tlon V lt has in hand a work" of
greaf importance to the whole
country. . It is high time for
making this a comprehensive cam
paign, to last for all the years ot
The saddest moment in a na
tion's life is not that when a great
man dies, but that of the de?th of
a great hope. :i
We kill ourselves by work
leisure, by pleasure or vice; i
ly half the total number of de
are unconscious suicides. -
True dignity consists not ia t
meanor, but in thougut.
KIr-mn Slf-Rilucirnr No. W
is a real bargain. It has a low top
, and medium skirt. Made in dur-
able pink or white coutil; sizes
24 to 36 and ccots only $3X0.
If your dealer can'r cet It, send name. ad.
dress, size and $3. ,U'e"ll send the court.
Nemo HvcieaicFashion Instirote
'20 E- 16th St.. New York (Dcpc f
Saving Made Easy
It's not so hard Uncle Sam is ready
to tell you how in his New Free
Book. Send for it today and get
the "know-howw of what seems to
be the hardest thing in the world.
Treasury Savings Certificates make
it easy and safe. Get your copy now.
To gee the book mi
this coupon to
The United States Government I Aibi-
' Sevmgt System ,
Washington. D. C .
Is and Color s
, The shrewdest buying from
one of the largest New York
manufacturers makes it pos-"
sible for us to sell these regu
lar twenty-five-dollar dresses
at this special price. The very
newest and most authentic
styles. ., . . . ,., . ,, : . -
Many women will select two instead of only one afte
they see them, see the good material used, the trimmings,
and the lovely styles. It's not every day you find such a
snap and of course they're going-to be quickly taken up.,
Materials are of the soft flat crepe, canton crepe and silk
taffeta,- alltyme crepe and triosham. They ha been
copied after theimdre expensive models. Touches of Oriental
colorings, Egyptian jdeas, colored and steel beads, cabachbus
and; ribbon ornaments, silk colored laces are used as trim
mings. " .
A f ure oilk stockings
$1.50 a pr;
GOOD LINE OF SPUING COLORS
An exceptionally good pure silk hose with mercerized
double heel and toe and mercerized top, will out wear any
other ordinary dollar and a half or dollar-sevcnty.fi ve silk
hose. Colors are silver, gunmetal, beige, cordovan, bobolink,
navy, white and black.
Your Mail Orders
Carerully fillpil. Wo pay' parcel
post or express 'within a radius
of u hundred mllcir.
4G6 State St
Portland Silk Shop
383 Alder St.