The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, February 15, 1923, Page 9, Image 9

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lb; 1L E if; m
i . r -
.3 Y
3 A LB M
6 Per. Cent
Ipreentlr,- Portland Joint
tock Lud Bfik
407 aaonJc Temple
Exleni, Oregon
. ':' '.'- ' ' i. ... ..... t.
I' J .( ' " ' ' ' 1 '
Guaranteed tat to, Le&k
Prices ffcri $1 cp
f. . . . '
Brewer Drug Co
. 4. Z3 Court Et, Phone 134
Our KitUl:
TXr BmI Only" CocprUo
Ct;:ld Cfo, -C:-:;:n:li7oCr:tr:iy
irafifietvrtn ef Battwvss- Batfst
It' yow St' '
1ST S. Cal Ct.
I A li-.li1
- . fc I IIM
BO SEEDilBlTf.:EllT.l'JITII , .
II.:: :::t:riil Is Here Effect
Z:zS.i Co Used in Prefer
Experts Who Know by T
-(rc.;iowir-3 i3 iri full Circular
IS J cf IL3 Crerroa Agricultural
'czWtz, tf author being M. B.
I'.wlliy, iiijoc'.ata plant patbolo-
- ' : .
. r. .cit wcrk ca potato seed
tr -tn-.-fEt t-4 Experiment Sta
'tL..a cf'UUj e:.J -Wisconsin has
f ..rtcr " d;:.ic-stratcd tne effec
t:,u ..T Eni r-.::'utH!ty of corro-&U&-
s-t::.:iat-j - (ciercurie chlo
riie) . tor diaeasa' controL : This
ir.aUsr;al U-nore effectiTe than
fc:L::.iyJ a .asi't-cuIJ fcd'esed
iq rrteaee to It. .
' General rirectiona Treat seed
wfcila Irniar.t if possible and -at
last t;a days cr two weeks be
fore i'.adU::. ' la" all cases sort
cat ar.J reject every scatty, part
ly 'rc:te.Vfor 'rousb. tuber. Dry
tru-c;i lriiueJIteJy . alter- treat
j.ient.'' If 'drying conditions are
f;cr rlasa tabera. ia clean water
cn tetr.ovf-J.froRi tbe eolation.
ri;'."3 .up wet taters leais ta la
Jury. Do net expose tubers, to hot
-:i t3 Hack heart. will -be pro-dac1:.!.-
Treat eicks ja a separate
ei';i;a cf fitter corrosive . aub
l:r.:ata cr fcrr.aldehyde and dry
.It'ztd r::2c!ii;:?. "
r! r.Ics Taku 4 , ounces of
ccrrv..:s eutliaiata . crystals or
trj vj r to every 30 gallons of
wat r. 1 :;---:lva in about, a' gallon
or t: t water ia !ass" jars,, stone
cr;cl.3 rr a wooden ; bucket be
tors "This r-iakes a' l to
1?CJ t::.'Ai It decreases in
strerca itu cse.' To'orrect
tt ', aid 1-2 bz. of Chemical- fcfr
every 4 tnshsla or potatoes treat
el f 2 tura. If & shorter treat-
ne-t fj used, reduce tho siriount
cf c. .:zzl added proporticTaate
ly. Tor. Instance, If. treated 1-1-2
l-'-3 aid '3-8 oz.: If 1 hour, add
1-4 cz. . Time and - bother are
savsi if th chemical added is
The Bible does not mention po
totoes." . " -
- , - , , "
Julius Caesar never saw a po
tato. ' ;' " Ml 1 ... ,.. ,
Probably Georga "Washlngtoa
cever ate one.
' Abraham Lincoln no. doubt ate
potatoes; but they were In .his
lime only emerging , .Into great
popular ii39 as an esculent from
their lowly - estate, as . feed for
hos3 and'cattle. " '" - "
Johnson's Cycloredia says the
potato U'a native nf the elevated
tropical valleys of ""Teiico, Chili
and Peru. ' , -',
Tt -- -were brouglit to ..Spain
?. i Peru In tbe ICth century;
' tho-y had teea grown there. In
t"".3 wonderful- ancient gardens
tfiat would by- comparison have
;inai3 the bansiag gardens of
Babylon lock like 30-cents; be
fore tta Incas to:. 2 to power.
- -Potatoes were lctrcluced l(ito
V-f'.aia from Florida by Spanish
....explorers, and into Great , Britain,
f -ri Virginia, by Eir John Ilawk
: In 1365, though credit . Is
ally assigned to ir Walter
-a, who was never lnVIr-
They were brought to New
Bsglana from -Ireland la tbe 18th
century hence the "IrishT pota
Dates of Slogans in Da3y Sktccman
Ia TwIce-a-WccIc Statesman FcIloTrirs Day) .
Loganberries, Oct. B.
Dairying, Oct. It.
Flax, Oct, 25,
. Filberts, Not. .J. , , t
Walnuts, Nor. S.
. Strawberries, Not. IS.
Apples, Not. IS.
- Raspberries, Nor. SO
. Hint, December 7. "
Great cows, cts Dee. ll
Elaclberrlas, Deo. SS.
' Cherries, Dee. 29.
Pears, Jan. 4, 1921.
'Gooseberries, Jan. IX.
,; torn JaxCllV V ,
Celery. Jan. 25.
Spinach, etc., Ten, 1.
Onions, etc., Feb. S.
Potatoes, etc., Feb. 15.
Bees, Feb.' 22. ;
Poultry and pet 'stock. Mar. 1.
, Goats, March 8.
Beans, etc', "March 15,
Pared highways,, March 22.
Broccoli, etc March, 2 9.
' llos, etc.; April 5. -v-
Legumes, April 12. '
Asparagus, etc., April 19. '
Grapes, etc., April 26.
ive Than Formaldehyde and
encs to the Latter, Say the
rials., ,
handled in a stock solution, 1 os.
dissolved in '2 qts of water. Keep
water up to original voolume. So
lution can be used as Ions as It
remains clear, usually for" ' not
more than seven or eight batches.
Wettine the notatoes for 12 to 24
hourB before - treatment helps to
remove dirt, i 1 softens ithe , black
scarf rhizoctonla,1 and makes
disinfection mora effective. .
' Container-orrosiv sublimate
corrodes metals andTOUSTbeused
id wooden Barrels or tubs; asphal-
turn: Tainted . Iron, cement or
wood tanks. We refcommend' bar
rels or tanks of - either wood or
cement. A tank 8 Teet long, 18
Inches deep, and 30 inches wide
will "handle 16 bushels and ' 120
gallons of solution. Make one end
slanting so that potatoes , can be
readily scooped or raked out.'
Time -1. Dormant ( unsprout
ed) seed, small amount of rhlzoc
tonia or scab, select best,' and soak
30 minutes to 2 hours; about
1 1-2 hours Is recommended. v
- 2.: Dormant seed, large amount
of rhlzoctonia or scab, select best,
and soak 2 hours. '
3hT Sprouted seed, small amount
of rhlzoctonia or scab, soak 3 0
minutes. . '
- 4.- Sprouted seed, large amount
of rhlzoctonia or scab, discard and
obtain healthy - dormant .;. seed,
preferably certified or other, high
igrada.seecL , . " : ' .
- Caution's Corrosive sublimate
Is a deadly poison if taken Inter
nally, therefore, bo very careful to
keep It away from children and
all farm stock. The solution - Is
colorless, tasteless, and odorless
and Is likely ,to be mistaken. for
water if exposed., Potatoes should
not be used for; food! after this
treatment. .: '". . : V
to. The .'Complete Gardiner," a
work published In, America. In
1719, did not mention potatoes.
In 1771 only two varieties, were
mentioned in the most important
English work on . gardening, and
they were considered chiefly '. as
food for swine and cattle. - . -
There are hundreds of varieties
there might easily be thousands
for. a single seed ball may pro
duce many varieties and a, par
ticular variety may only be propa
gated from the tubers... ,..;ar.
The potato (Solanum tuberos
um) is allied to several powerful
narcotics, such as tobacco, hen
bane and belladonna, as well as to
other esculents, such as tomato,
egg plant and capsicum. .
. ..." ' . '
The English- people use pota
toes In more ways, perhaps, than
the Americans -though they do
not in this respect, Quite approach
the Italians In their use .of corn
for Charles A. Dana 'said tbe
cooks of Rome knew 1000 1 dif
ferent ways to - cook - and, serve
corn.- The' English" raise 'potatoes
ia lot Twus3sr extensively, and
contrive to have them' fresh'' all
the year through. '- .......
': The gold cf the Indies was the
attraction that v led Cclumbus to
sail westward, 'that carried Cor
tez to .Mexico tl riz-rr to Pe
Drug garden, Hay S.
Sugar beets , sorghum, ate .
Hay 10. - , -
Water poTrers. Hay 17. . ' f
Irrlsatloa, Hay 24.
. JJInlng. Hay . SI.
Land, irrigation, etc., June 7,
Denrdratlon, June 14. ,
Hops, cabbac stc,. Jane 21. ,
Wbcaesallsx - and J ob b in s
Jn&e 21.
Caeunbcrs, ts4 Jvly I,'
' xxosi, jiy' i j. r " ' i --p
CSty beantltal, etc.. July It.
Bcnools, ete4 July 21.
Ebeep, Aug. 2.
National adrertislnx, Anx. t.
Eeeds, etc., Ans. 18.
LtTestock, Ans. 22.
AutomotlTe Industry, Aug. 10.
Grain and grain, products,
Sept. 6. ; ,"'-
Manulacturlng, Sept. 13.
Woodworking, etc, Sept. 204 '
Paper rmllls, etc, Sept. 27.
(Back' copies of tbe Thursday
editions ;f-the- Dally, Oregon
Statesman are on hand. Tbey are
for sale at 10 cents each, mailed
to any address. . Current cop
ies, 5c.) ,
S. Inspected
ru. ; The incas had large stores
of the . precious metal, represent
ing, no doubt, the accumulations
of many centuries. The capture
of such a ' booty resounded
throughout Europe. Spain ; be
came for a time the wealthiest
nation of Europe, and this was
ascribed to the gold of Pern.
But Peru held another 'i treas
ure much more valuable for the
nations of Europe than the gold
en booty of PIzarro.
Carrying the potato to Europe
was an event of much more pro
found significance in relation." to
the subsequent : history of the
world than sending the Inca gold
to the coffers of Spain.
. But . nobody understood - the
value of the potato, and its Peru
vian origin was generally forgot
ten before the plant became well
known. , - . .
Instead of Peruvian potatoes,
we call them Irish potatoes.
, .The potatoes -was the basis ot
the ancient Peruvian nation and
has - attained almost tbe same Im
portance in other parts ot the
world within the-last hundred
.years. ., t -: - : ' . , . ,
Vs. The.. Instinctive prejudice
against new seed plants prevented
, any general utilization of the po
,tato in Europe for over two"" cen
turies, ana it aia not oegm to Te
grown as a crop until the period
of ; the French revolution. . Even
then it had to be forced on the
public by persistent efforts of the
French philanthropist," Parmen
tier: who demonstrated Its food
possibilities by establishing a
large number of soup kitchens
for the poor in Paris.
: Potato soup still - bears the
name of , Parmentier -a homely
memorial, but one that might not
be ungrateful to a philanthropist.
The. Parmentier family is a prom
inent one in France at this time;
keeping up the good name of the
forefather who . was a practical
philanthropist. ,
'. Historically speaking, the. gen
eral , utilization of the potato is
still relatively recent. -, Less than
a century ago it was still consid
ered something - of a novelty
among the farmers of the United
States. Thus, in 1856, we find
in the American Agriculturist fhe
following statement: . '
"I have worked a tarm over 50
years, and have . cultivated pota
toes more or less every year.
Fifty years ago little was thought
of this root. A row or two were
planted on the ' outside ot corn
fields, or in some, corner of a. lot
unfit for anything else. Ten to
15 bushels was an ample supply
for a family. There Is a great
difference between then and now
as regards this crop, tor potatoes
are now! one of the most Import
ant branches of agriculture.' '
In 1916 about 400,000.000
bushels ' of potatoes were : being
produced annually ia the United
States, and the "world's crop of
potatoes ' was estimated at more
than. 6,000,000,000 bushels
which : means that if the potato
crop ot the- world had been divid
ed equally, there ' would have
been enough to give each inhabl
tantjof the earth about four bush
els of potatoes.,"
By the same ilgn the annual,
crop Is now armnd 8,000,000,
000 bushels. - "
The value o tnA potato
crop exceeds that of all the gold
that the conquerors took: from
the Incas. ,
So much for thej romance of the
potato; or shall we call It tbe
epic of the lowly spud? ' , .
Mrs. Harding bias, so car recov
ered her health that she wili
make a trip .with the. President
to Florida when. Congress ad
journs.. ' . ,
. , 4 'r- . , .'--
; ; T Sclent district can groa qzdity pota
toes y: , :r : j-.i. r; ' ;
The finest produced in the vsorlir'
And in doing this csr producers ccninore
than iczble their tennsze cf potatoes, cn the
tne acreage. , ' ' ' ' V, :
a Thy dadS''crci9'h2''tzdpctots'tGr the
districts of Calif crrJa, Ycshingtcn and Idaho that
do not prcdzce their czsn seed in tzfficient qzzn
tities. ... l.
Quality; standardization; certified stock;
"college bred potatoes"--- 'H
' These are the rr.ziks tzt for oar growers that
ivill mean immense added tsealth to this district
Salem can be the tsorld potato center. It
will pay. 1. : v':'-: ' ' '
tiie i:eed of otiiizjitio; iii
, E. Uangis Says the Consumer Vants the Burbank
Type, That is the Long White Varieties, and the Wetted
Gem and Burbank Are th el Best of These :i Buyes
Have Mo Choice; They Must Fill the Popular Demand,
and Growers Must Act Accordingly.
Editor Statesman : . ; ; '.
There is an old saying,-, "Have
something' that the world wants
and though you,' mar dwell In the
heart of the forest j, there will be
a beaten path to your -door."
Unfortunately this ye ar on' ac
count of a surplus of nearly 4 ol
000,000 bushels and the fact that
Idaho, and Colorado have,.enough
to .aupplyr all .T ot oyr; , southern
trade and can sell cheaper than
we can, the world does. not, want
our potatoes, and If Oregon is go
ing to continue to compete with
the Irrigated districts, something
must be done to standardize our
product. - - .
i Today the greatest problem
facing this industry, In OregoaT is
that of marketing, and standard!
zation is acknowledged .one
of ,the most . Important phases of
that problem and while standard
ization Is generally taken to mean
the establishment of suitable stan
dards of quality which v will in
clude such regulations concerning
the digging, handling, ' sorting,
sizing, and picking as will insure s
uniform standard, productive Of
high quality, it ia equally impor
tant, however, that It be applied
to the production of this crop'.
- The , diversity in varieties and
shapes and the -. difference , be
tween the early and late crop
must be recognized, ' but an en
deavor should b made to plant
only varieties for which there is a
demand, and then to plant only
seed true to type and of varieties
which have proven best for' your
locality and soil. f
. The result of such method Is to
standardize these few varieties of
pufe strain and eventually make
He Gives His Experiences
and Offers Some Advice
on Potato Industry.
Editor Statesman:
In response to your letter of
February 9 In regard to potato
growing; I planted . last . year
eight acres pf the Burbank vari
ety. . I still , believe and hold to
that old variety, after . having
tried a good many other, kinds.
I planted about a fourth ot an
acre the last part of March. The.
yield was not large, but of good
grade, 25 sacks. They were ready
for" market by July 1st. They
were" then In splendid demand,
and at a good price. ; . ,
Then I planted two acre May
1st. They yielded about one hun
dred and ten sacks per acre of
very choice grade, and were ready
to dig by September 1st. There
was then also a good demand in
small lots to hotels and stores at
a fairly good price. The balance
were planted from . the - 15th to
the 30th of May on clover sod.
The yield . was immense; - the
ground was simply full of them,
the 'section widely known as pro
ducing certain varieties to a high
degree of perfection, and In large
quantities then " you will have
the buyers coming; to you, "and
you will never lack a market.
. Today Oregon is producing 20
or 30 different varieties, when
the, demand Is for only five or six.
.- Vnr ttihln Tinrnoae th a demand
f ij'for the Burbank, type: .that U,
the long .white varieties. The Nett
ed Gem. and Burbank are the two
best. of these, but you must be
sure, to get. pure seed, otherwise
Iff is useless to try to sell them.
For seed -purposes the. demand
is for Garnets. Red Rose, White
'Rose or" British" Queen and Am
erican Wonders. ,
round varfeties," such as - Oold
Coin, Rural8r Bliss, .Irish, Cob
blers, etcv and : iti Is a waste of
time "'and'moneyY to produce
them.- It is far better and you will
be money Ahead If you feed what
you have on hand or dump them
out In the spring and buy other
reed. - '
If can not be said that the mar-
In 11 , -
f kef demands are unreasonable. It
is the buyers' business to study
the markets, and he knows what
the customer wants and ' he ' asks
only for4 a grade of potatoes
which' la 'sound,' free from culls or
waste' stock, and of good average
size, and "when this is realized It
will give the buyer and seller
foundation on which to deal with
a better 'understanding and mu
tual confidence,
... p. E. MANOIS.
Of Mangls Bros
Salem, Or.; Feb. 14, 1923.
but, on account of the late rains,
there were a great many culls
and knobby ones, only about fifty
per cent being fit for market.
Should Grade for Market
-; Farmers should .grade their po
tatoes, and only put on the mar
ket the very best. In that way we
could all; receive a fair price.
Cujls make splendid feed for live
stock, ' Knobby potatoes should
never be put on the market.
If farmers, were .properly or
ganized to market by a system of
supplying the market as needed,
and feeding the surplus an their
own farms, our consumers would
0 Realize the
N Difference
Hl;h Bt at trade .
Mly' Motor Ch
SCO Ncrth Iliih Stmt
. Bccst Thla Ccnuslty
by AdTcrtisIss cn ths CIcrS
DID YOU KNOW that Salem is the market and manufac
turing center of a great potato; industry; that we can grow
here at a big profit the seed stock fcr neighboring states;
that, with proper seed selection, planting, cultivation, grad
ing and packing, we can compete with any market in the
United States; that part of the surplus may be taken for
dehydration here, and we will get starch and potato flour
factories; that no farmer can make a mistake in growing in
this territory the right kind of potatoes? .
be satirised as to quality and
would not seek to Import. '' ; '
Some Potato Problems -
r It Is i said the United States
consumes three i hundred million
Dushels; per . year, and . that the
1972 yield was three hundred and
seventy-five million - bushels, v It
la easily seen that with a proper
system of marketing the returns
to the grower should not be less
than S20 -per ton, with present
wages. .-
We farmers In this valley cer
tainly can grow potatoes to per
fection, but we must either de
crease our acreage or plant only
for early market or else form a
strong association to take care of
our, products. A good many po
tatoes were -imported from Idaho
and other places to Salem and
other towns in the valley. ' This is
wrong. Grocers, hotels and the
public In Salem should -toe loyal
to the farmers adjacent to Salem,
but should insist ott a good arti
cle. It can be done, and should
be' done, . . i s, ,
- - - Respectfully. - -
Salem, Ore., R; 8, Box 18 S, Feb.
10, 1923.4 - t , . -
Letter Two Years Old..,
v For the Slogan, number of The
Statesman of two years ago, in
the issue of February 17, 192-1,
Mr. Girod wrote the following: "I
have, raised potatoes for market
for many years, and as a rule
hve ,been , lucky; it. has always
been a paying, crop for me. In the
year 1920 I had eleven acres.' all
Burbank variety. Some I planted
about April 1. The yield was
about 100 bushels per acre.. I had
a good stand, but on account of
the severe frost, they only made
a little 'over 100 bushels per acre,
(Continued on page 4) :
Tested Seeds
Quality the best, Price3
. the lowest. Send for : ;
price list '. . .
Salem, Oregon , - s
Insist on
, - - - - . -. t. . ...
Broom handles, mop han
dies, paper plugs,7 tent . tog-
gles, all kinds of hardwood
handles, manufactured by
Oregon Wood
Products Co. :
West Salem j
Auto Oectric Work ;
171 S. CJommercial St.
, Bass, Cults Cases, Puttee!
F. E. Shofcr
v Phone 411 ' 170 S. Coral
1 Salem, Ore. '
"Uhezc Tho
Crowds Always
.Ji.eoioiis c
llanufactcrers cf .
M : ;: - . '(
A Licensed Lady Embalmer
to care for - women and
children is a necessity in
all funeral homes. We are
the only ones furnishing
such service.
Funeral Home
.770 Caemeketa fit.
Phone 724 Salem, Oresoa
Salem has the chance tab seem f7: crr..':r v
gigantic and prcfiizlle pzizio izdzzlry.
. deserve ths support of
everyone who wishes '
' to Inculcate high pria- : .
ciples of manbood Into
' the youth of our land.
' , -'- - "
This space paid for by
Thiielsn & IU-Ln
.... .r- i "
f -mvp .m m "S
- - .' i
0 !. . r "-. w
124 C. Ccral Ct. I ! 3
t 1
S JL dSvX Cw
Th3 L-rc::t r
Complete . He"
Orcjcn Cut ' " L.
1121 g. m-'j Lz4 :
dried '.'fnliz-cl :
tHxi .--ii
, Theq.ll. Z - :
' '1- . j "
164 S. Centner:!: 1 C
i cj
7L'l Give f : "
- - 1-U- : -
4 f H f P" " " "
-' cc:::v:.:
' 42S Orer':i r ..' "
" ric--, it::
Additional C il. : '