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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (June 24, 1922)
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The Oregon Statesman
- j SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE 24, 1922 - v PRICE r
111111 mm REGULAR ARMY Sschool thgher IGOMPERS LEADS shoe cm RIOTERS WILL BE" ;i
Drill Team from Salem stir
. TV" I
Thousands Who Un U
Dnr!, .' Ch.... " f.3
wiumiu ouccid UUnng I
LOCAL FLOAT CAPTURES
- THIRD PLACE IN PAGEANT
mobiles. Guided by Helen
west Make Great Hit
'With a! representation ot twenty-five
automobile loads of Cher-
Tians, Satem was easily Identified
in the Portland Rose festival flor
al parade yesterday afternoon.
Viva firlt a V
riu r.;i, wTu.n. 'zzjz
rerTe4 third tlace in the dlvi
sloa of towns of less than fifty
Gaesta ot Itoeariana
The Cherrlans left Salem at 7
o'clock yesterday morning, arriv
ing in Portland little after 9.
They were guests at a luncheon
tendered by the Royal Rosarlans
of Portland, and were accorded
great acclamation . byj the thou
, sands ot spectators who lined the
streets during the afternoon par
According to reports reaching
here at a late hoar last night the
drill team Lot the 8ale morganlsa-
tlon was the hit of th. day.
The Cberrlan float was made
p of large touring ears, a white ptirlng !n t clump of DUshes af
one and a red one. each elabor- t. t .hot had w-.- flred t
tely decorated with flowers, and I
vol guiaea oy is nun wen,
riding a horse behind them.
The parade covered several
said,, and .-by the time .the .end
was reached vthiy 7 realised " that
they : had . well I earned the prize
accorded them, as the son was
torrid.- .r ' ;-":
.Bobby Murray Delight
Many Salem! visitors were de
lighted with the singing of Bobby
Murray, 12-year-old boy, who is
said" to be endowed by nature
with two distinct voices and I U
able to reach six' tones above pi-
L . . ... .......
ano. Those ' nearing me wngiBB
. h. Whttnv
yesterday declared that it v was
worth, goings miles to hear tne
VANCOUVER SWEEPS FIELD
' PORTLAND,, June Van-
ccuver. B. C with a float of pink
and white, with a few roses but
profuse In northern flowers, was
awarded the grand sweepstakes in
-W the floral pageant of Portlandd
Rosa festival today. The
award carries a prise ot $500.
. ' The float entered by the Port
land Chamber ot Commerce com
mittee of 100, was awarded sec
ond grand prise of $200.
, Seattle was awarded first prize
for platoon B. outside participa
tion. This orlxe was first given
to Vancouver, but when the grand
sweepstakes award was made, Se
attle., which had, been given sec-
J .1. - . I ... 1 1
una Diace. iummivi j ww""
.. . , .... .i i
n.ouing me awsraing m "
man one prise to a single uoai.
t hnnrf thnn..nrf nnnifi.
it was estimated lined the streets
through which the parade moved,
Fir.aj tpniimanle In
. niUuuibiii ill
!mjir Peo PJo'jp Fnri
omaii uase rear tnu
watjkegan: hi.. June 23.
TTlat of Governor Small, charged
"with conspiracy to defraud the
atate by false pretenses! entered
vits last phases this afternoon. C.
rrea Mortimer, state's attorney of
Bangamon county, began his final
aaaress to the . Jury St 4 o'clock.
laixed for an hour, and then the
essloa adjourned until tomorrow
morning when the prosecntor,wlll gaTe the missionaries a stimulat
complete his argument. " ling lecture on Bible reading. The
Mr. Mortimer said tonlcht thatlnv. Jl Hutchaosen spoke words
he would be through by 11 o'clock
Tomorrow- morning. , Judge' Ed -
wards will read bis instructions
to the Jury. The case will prob-
ably be in the jurors hands- by
13: SO, and after lunch' they will
start their deliberations.
PAD1XWK wiicra nvmnn
3AVTA BARBAttA. Cat.. June
1S Charles W. Pa ir.icv ,Ta-
dens, world champion sorinter.
will attemnt to Inw
oras tor all distances from-50 to
173 yirrd as a part of an athleUc
t'taWal herj Jnly 4, .
iiiiiir i iiiiiiii in i i in ii I ill m niinnnu if I - I n ana iinniirn i
Paul Roman Declares Mrs.
UDenchatn Called Him
T no .
- 22 -Mr.
,nn? "oencnaln sought to
Per8Ule Paul Roman,
now a rnn.
let, to give false testimony for
ner in her first trial for the mur
der of J. Bel ton Kennedy, Roman
wore today In Mrs. Obenchain's
He 'followed ud this assertion
by Identifying about a score of
letters as having been written by
If M - m
tentiary, where he is nerving a
sentence for grand larceny. The
letters teemed with expressions of
atfection and also referred to a
tory" Roman was to tell.
Money With Letter
The last missive, which Roman
said was handed to him in the
county Jail while he .was there
last May having been brought
co-defendant in the Kennedy case,
Paul, my sweetheart, I love
you, believe me. Don't give me
up now. If you do I will take
you with me, so help Heaven."
There was no signature to this.
Roman, said the handwriting was
Mrs. Obenchain's. and that the
note, together with a $5 bill, was
brought to him by a Jail "trusty."
The "false testimony" Roman
said he was to give was that he
bad overheard "two ragged men
Plotting to kill Kennedy after hav-
,n nim. rs.
Obenchaln at her first trial test!-
riea mat wnen Kennedy was snoi
In Rtnmrlv Rlen on Auirnst 5 last.
,h ..two neted me" disan-
u regarding this an-
r . h de-
fen'., at the trial, of Burch. Hi.
testlmony on these occasions was
that a story of a thorn having
been cut from Burch. knee simi
lar to a species found in the glen,
was a -franieus;" This testi
mony was read from the trans
cript In the first Obenchaln trial.
NEGRO HANGED BY MOB
HOUSTON, Tex., June 13.
Warren Lewis, 18-year-old negro
h annul at New Davis. Mont-
gomery county late today, after
" ' - ihl eAl'
' " r.Ml ' hMW
BY LUTHERAN SYNOD
Impending- danger that threatens parochial and private
"V7 Jfnf rninmvttiAn nf thA Rvnno-plical Luth-
"u tt ww..
which la in rnnvpniinn in rial em. ine movanem
"to brirui about legislation forcing aU children into the put
. . , fafhprpH af
"V " r
was pmnhat icall v denounced
I . .. -, . ,
0f the liberty guaranteea Dy
states, that of exercising and
i erraneni inwrierei;e.
..nr . t -11 ...ttl.
We JjUineraus art; wumn
I ... x
niainwiuuujs uui cniuuo vj owi.wi .i rr -
movernent endangering the religious education of our chil-
1 V IIW Uvvim vW,
Th, 0r' - -nd Washington
A . 4 , M SvnnA i.
d,tr,ct of the M,8SOurl Synod. U
holding its annual session in tnis
city Jane 22 to zs. a preliminary
missionary Institute was held on
I Wednesday ot this wccla. The
neT j. h. C. Fritz, dean of Con-
cordia seminary. St. Louis, Mo..
I of encouragement based upon
1 words of the gospel of John. The
Sunday school and the "house-to-
house" canvass . were carefully
discussed as to method and result.
f ' Keynote Address Heard
The formal opening ef the syn-
odlcal convention took place on
Thunder at 10:45 a. m. in the
l - . . ... ..
form of divine puonc worauip. tuc
sermon of the Rev. r, rioien-
hauser. D.D.. president of tne
Missouri synod, gave m
for the entire work of the mmis-
try: preacn tne wo u
the getting of results to me xru.
This was the; aim sn practice fit
One Out of Every Seven
Must Be Turned Out Into
Civil Life by January 1 of
BILL PROVIDES FOR
TOTAL OF 12,000
Only Second Lieutenants
Are Graduates of
WASHINGTON. Jane 23.
F.wlu.iel one OUl Ot every
seven orncers in the regular army
",u" w lurnca OUl into C1VH Ute
by January 1 next, according to a
preliminary estimate made today
at the war department of the
meaning and effect of the com
promise reached by senate and
house conferees on the army ap
propriation bill. The unofficial
study of its provisions indicate
that 2000 or more officers must
be dropped entirely within the
next six months.
Demotions to be Mae
Ot those oft.-cers to go, the
great majority will be from the
line, and many others probably
will be demoted one grade. The
compromise bill provides for a
total of not exceeding 12.000 of-
fleers after January 1. 1923.
There are now in the service 18,
822 officers of all grades. The
only second lieutenants, however,
are the hundred-odd recent grad
uates from the military academy
while the bill in fixing the num
ber of officers in each grade af
ter January 1, provides for 1771
men with this rank. It further
provides that not more than 800
demotions of one grade may be
made in reducing the corps while
ed within the time set Is 2o96. in.
eluding line and staff.
As the bill Is read at the war
deartment, authority is given to
either carry 800 officers as extra
numbers in grade until absorbed
by 1 the natural losses in each
grade' or to demote that, number
one grade each. Where it may
In any event. It was said at
the department, wholesale dis
charge of officers by the year-end
(Continued on page )
. . - .
.. r 1 m m
nresent bv th Masonic order,
on grounds that it robs people
" ' . :i. , i
, !l..l! 11 TT!l.J
me constuution oi me unneu
teaching religion without gov-
.AmttUiitinn.l itrVia ?
uui wiioiituiiuuai ns,lw u
-V,l nnmoa nv
u ..-j i. ovnn 7..
vuc ivuuucia i iu u
years ago. It has the assurance of
success for the future.
At 1:30 p .ia. the meeting was
called. to order by the president of
the district, the Rev. W. J. Jann
sseu of Yakima. Wash. Forty-foUr
pastors, seven teachers and 21 lay
delegates responded to roll call
w Members Added
A number of congregations,
pastors and teachers were entered
as new members of the district.
committers' were appointed and
after a stimulating address oi
welcome by the district president
the board of fntaaiana bezaa its
report under directum ot Chair-
man Rev. 0. Fedder of Seattle.
A map covering the states of
Oregon. Washington and Idaho
showed the fields of action in this
district. Encouraging increase in
membership and souls was pointed
out in most stations with whole
some internal growth.
The omen of the Salem congre
gation served - a delightful lunch
Miss Catherine Pooler Pas
ses Away on Last Day
of District Term
Miss Catherine Pooler of Sa
lem died suddenly yesterday fol
lowing a brief illness. Miss Pool
er, who is a daughter of Mrs. L.
A. Pooler of Salem, was teaching
school in Summit and yesterday
was the last day. She went to
her work in the morning appar
ently as well as ever, but at noon
relatives in Salem received word
that she was very ill, and she died
Miss Pooler, who was 49 years
old. had taken the . Summit
school during the winter because
it would be light work and she
had i been suffering from 'high
blood pressure and desired to
rnat. She had hoon lAarhins- nr.
vlrmslv In M.t.m nrpnn .nH
taught at one time In Salem
Besides her mother she is sur
vived by three sister's, Mrs. Allie
Bowman, Mrs. W. B. McCalllster
and Mrs. Effie Back, and a broth
er, J. A. Pooler. Funeral ar
rangements have nqt been made..
Commie Pncehiirn i IJurHor
' "",VM,f - wv.
Case Reviewed Before
State Supreme Court
The famous case of Dr. Richard
M. ' Brumfield. , Roseburg dentist
who was convicted of the murder
of Dennis Russell in ' Douglas
county and sentenced to pay the
death npnallv' was roviattaA In
th unmw ' tlPt ,
thnm--MV imn, , ,..
the WQuld aUow
VJ, T -
nett and the six associate Justices
hat en banc. District Attorney
(George Neuner of Roseburg rep-
lesented the state and Dexter
Rice ot Roseburg the defendant,
Reversal of the lower court for
purposes of a new trial is sought
by Brumfield's lawyer.
Presa A ana. lied
Mr. Rice bitterly assailed the
newspapers, particularly the Rose
burg News-Review, for what he
declared prejudiced articles on the
murder, and much of the time
used by both attorneys was given
to discussion of the qualifications
of members of the jury.
Rice averred that at least
three members of the jury were
disqualified to sit on the case be
cause their examinations showed
that they had formulated opinions
largely through reading the news
papers. He weni into me
ination of the Juror, Appiegate,
in detail, reading excerpts from
his examination by the attor
He also scouted affidavits
siened by prominent
Per80ns wno 'ww"e. .
nnintfln a fair and impartial ini
i ouinion 1
... . .nniv
- r - .
otiuia ue naa in iuugiw
strongljr pre8sed tne polnt that
mwrt a change of venue in the
' . - ti.. h nonle
case, declaring that
I . 1 nnllllllf
fed up on
the po ntJ "J
precs. ne oo-
jected to the instructions o iu
Judge to the Jury and attacked
the appointment of Joseph Ham-
I J l,U
'"D . .... -
mersiey io aalol .u
Xcunrr Replies at Length
i f i i
piled at iengtn on e qu...
4- irvn a or the lurors. He, aetena
ed the appointment ot Hammers-
ley, which he declared was regu
lar in all respects.
Instructions to the jury, wnicn
were atiacaea uj
Neuner declared embodied every
Instruction requested by tne ae
fense. Story of Crime Reviewed
Neuner reviewed the story of
the crime and the flight of, Brum
field. He read the letter written
by Brumfield to a steamship com-
Inqulrtng as to passenger
tares to Australia, ana buuimo
that he expected to become a citi
n of that country, which. Neu
ner said, showed that Brumfield
had made careful preparation for
Sgtardayj lair. RJl jrins5I .
0 f UPHELD IS-
Foes of Russian Soviet Sure
of Denying Recognition
Convention Alsd Disfav
FISCHER EASY VICTOR
OVER THOMAS FLAHERTY
Attempt to Find Opponent
for Gompers Proves
CINCINNATI. June 23. Led
by Samuel Gompers. foes of the
Russian soviet government in the
American Federation of Labor
seemed certain tonight of plac
ing the federation at its conven
tion here on record against the
recognition of the Soviets for the
third successive year. A test
vote, called for at Mr. Gompers'
suggestion, virtually ended the
debate, but a final showdown
went over until tomorrow.
Aside from the Russian ques
tion, the convention went on re
cord against the federation affili
ating with the international fed
eration of trades unions and re
elected the federation's present
executive council' of 11 officers,
headed by Mr. Gompers as presi
dent. It was Mr. Gompers 41st
election, and he was unopposed.
Friends of Soviet Few
The only stand made by the
radical element at the convention
came with the presentation of the
Russian question, and though it
was not a new question before
the federation, it was regarded
as one ot the main issues before
the labor movement. Mr. Gom
pers and other foes of the soviet
centered their opposition on the
ground that the soviet is a dic
tatorship and not a representa
tive government of the Russian
people, and that it aimed at the
destruction of the American Fed
eration of Labor as a step toward
destroying the government of
the United States. Friends of the
soviet contended that it was a
workers' government, with its
(leaders comparable to the Ameri
can colonists and asserted that
the opposition of capitalists to its
recognition was causing a block
ade of foreign trade with Rus
sia. Gompers Oponents Fail
Answering the supporters of
the soviet. Mr. Gompers declared
that they nad evaded or forgotten
that the soviet had declared its
purpose to destroy the American
Federation of Labor, and he as
eerted that "no one, who believes
in freedom of Russia can consist
ently favor the soviet."
In the election of the federa
tion's officers, the movement to
bring out an opponent to Mr.
Gompers collapsed, and the rail
road union's bloc centered its ef
forts to defeat two members of
the executive council. Thomas J.
Flaherty of Washington, was
named in opposition to Mr. Fis
cher, but was defeated by 17,725
votes against 13,279. Joseph A.
Kranklin of Kansas City lost his
contest against Mr. Tpbin by 18.
519 to 12,542.
Portland Next Meeting Place
Fraternal delegates to the Brit
ish and the Canadian trade union
meetings also were elected, and
Portland. Or., was selected for the
seat of the federation's conven
tion, which will be held In Octo
Parknlace Bridae Closes
Today; Opened Yesterday
nnrr.nN CITY. June 23.
(Fneclal to the Statesman) In
response to a plea from the Part
latfd Chamber . of Commerce
Countv Judr-e Cross of Clackamas
coi.nty decided to leave the Park
nlace bridge open yesterday ana
traffic was allowed over the
bridge all day. which was almost
necessary for persons from up-vai-
lsy points attending the Portland
The bridge, however, will be
closed today, from 8 o'clock this
morning until 1 o'clock this after
nocii. At 1 o'clock U will be
Dsring the closed period ot the
day traffic will be routed over
the private ferry between Oregon
City and West Linn. tien to Port
land ovffTBe new Pac fic highway
route on the West side. A toll
of 25 cents Is charged for auto-
.ffiobiJa .i8alni filfxlls .tSITl
Harry Jensen, 16, Paroled
After Hearing on Assault
and Battery Charge
Charged with committing as
sault and battery upon his aged
grandmother, a Mrs. Hieber. with
whom he has lived since the death
of his parent. Harry Jtnsen. 16
years old. was given a hearing
bofore Judge G. E. Vnruh in dis
trict court yesterday and released
after promising to mend his ways.
According to information furn
ished the court young Jensen had
been associating with a man. said
by the grandmother to be of
questionable character, and this
man had convinced Jensen that he
was missing his calling because
he had neglected the stage to stay
on a farm. Brooding over what
he thought was abuse when his
grandparents chided him aboiU
being bow-legged, the boy finally
reached the decision to listen to
the roseate promises of a stag?
career from the stranger and pre
pared to leave home.
The grandmother tried to talk
him out of the notion, it is said
and when he attempted to leave
tne nouse sne got m nts way. lie
is then said to have seized her b i
uaiiuicu nnsi auu euutcu uri 1
riMra in h hm, vn,, ton.
sen might have inflicted serious
injuries, the court was informed,
Bearing a reputation of being
hard-boned." the youth was de-
cWedly meek and docile when he
faced the court, promising to
abandon thoughts of 'goln' on the
stage." and to stay away from
questionable companions. He
was paroled by Judge Unruh.
pending good behavior.
Quick Work With Small
Hose on Laundry Faucet
A picnic supper which called!
for hot beans made necessary n
fire in the stove and campers at
the auto camp park last night
stuffed the small stove with kind
ling. The net result was a hurry
up call for water and axes.'
The laundry room where .he
near catastrophe occurred was
near where a large Salem group
was frolicing and several rushed
to the rescue. Superintendent T.
G .Albert, fortunately, had a long
piece of hose handy and attached
it to the faucet on the laundry
tub. Water put on the blaze In
this way made short work of the
The small frame structure
which houses the laundry and
showers contains an expentiture
of more, than $400 for plftmbing
alone, according to Mr. Albert
The building is the most popular
part of the local camp and Mr. Al
bert expressed himself as highly
pleased that the blaze last night
was so quickly 'put under control.
Mr. Albert now has an assis
tant, Mr. Mudd, who will be at
the grounds afternoons. Twenty
two cars remained over from pre
vious registrations last night.
Among the new cars registering
were: J. M. Punch and iamuy,
Everett. Wash.; C. A. Callen, Ne
hama; Mr. and Mrs. M. D. Gayetty
Pueblo. Colo.; Mr. and Mrs. A. M
Kclsling, Aberdeen, Wash.; Mr
and Mrs. G. Bacon. Portland; Mr.
and Mrs. J. J. Van Horn. Mr. and
Mrs. L. Lantz, Oakland. Cal.; Mr.
and Mrs. C. Erdman. San Diego;
Mr. and Mrs. John Bell. Glendore.
Cal.; Mr. and Mrs. M. F. Setz, Se
attle; Miss F. L. Estes, Miss E. M
Thousands Reported Dead
In Chinese Mutinies
SHANGHAI. June 24. Al
though there is no report of con
firmed accuracy on the casualties
In the Klangsi muting a probable
fairly correct estimate places the
aeaa at 4"uo in Jtlanfu. Talho.
Wanan and Lun Gchuan. The
sreaier pomons oi inese cities
were aesiroyea. it is oeiievea no
foreigners were killed.
Mucn ioreign property prtncl
pauy Deionging to unnstian mis-
sions. has been destroyed. Great
anxiety Is left regarding the fate
of the Catholic Lazarist mission
under Father de Jenliss at Talho
which Thursday was reportedTun
der siege by the mutineers with
six hundred Christian converts
refugee, within its compound.
There has been no further newt
President Hardin Awaits Official Report n ETcnls
in Herrin Strike Murders Investigations Started
Mine Owners Refused to Close in Face of Troubla
WASHINGTON, June 2d. A long witheld official. ex
pression of regret for mine outbreaks in Illinois -was made
known today that the administration still was' making ef
forts to bring about a'" settlement of the bituminous coat
strike through a conference with the two parties and has"
some hopes of success. The White House intimations thai
publicity for the details of the attempt would not be helpful
and that details consequently would be withheld. V
President Harding was said to deplore the Herrin events
and to realize in them evidence of the bitter hostility arising
out of the strike while Secretary of Labor Davis was twice
in conference with the president during the day issued. a
statement declaring that those responsible for the outrages
in the Illinois mining town should be punished to the fullest
extent of the law. f
The president is awaiting
in the Herrin field which he is
department asrenU have been
developments since Anril 1 when the miners walked out In
Mn r: .u
Efforts to settle the strike
and. the miners' union representatives into a joint gathering
are Demg made secretary Davis indicated.
The miners' leaders, however, have countered in the In.
formal negotiations with a proposal to meet in all confer-
cnce f?xn0r wto-pa at nn tlm
v -,i. tv. i.i
I T" i, , "
VU,J aiu"y r a series oi
ana ine nel result nasDeen no
Income Tax Returns for 1920
Surprises Collector Huntley
PORTLAND, June 23. Accor
ding to a statement issued by C.
G. Huntley, income tax collector.
67,640 personal income tax re
turns, representing net Incomes
of S193.652.281 and normal and
surtax of $6,649,011 were filed
in the Oregon office of the in
ternal revenus collector for the
calendar year of 1920.
STAY ON JOB-
WAUKEGAN, June 23. (By
the Associated Press) Governor
Len Small tonight demanded the
fullest inquiry Into the mine riot
at Herrin, III., yesterday which
culminated In the masacre ot mofe
than 25 non-union worker, and
ordered a military investigating
board, headed by Major General
Milton J. Foreman, commander
of the 33rd division to entrain
immediately for the scene,
Angered by the failure of his
own representatives at Herrin to
keep him posted on developments
and the aparent laxity of tht Wil
liamson county officials in main
taining order, the governor an
nounced that he had ordered the
lid lifted off of affairs in the coal
fields and would find out before
he Is through what la wrong.
Kefo.se to Rescind Order
In the meantime the governor
said he will ignore a recommenda
tion from Robert Medill, director
of mines and minerals who had
been at Herrin for several days,
and this afternoon wired the gov
ernor asking that (he ordere mob
ilizing 1,000 guardsmen for po
ible duty be withdrawn.
Mr. Medill telegraphed thT
ernor that he was sfrald tbs900"
ilization order mlfht inflse tha
striking miners and provfl more
trouble. The mobiliza"' un,er
which a thousand ms with ,nl1
field equipment are asms. held In
their armories rea to entrain
on short noticp wil remain m et
J feet until the ap1 investigating
I board reDorts OTernr saia
j waBt to out why the
- official rep1 reaci"ng me say
there is a 1 iroP8 ana
fuat everrthln5 1,et' whea at
the gan vme 1 receiva a iiooa
of ielfrmm trom other sources
lrf UU men guarding mine
pro-rtfes and rescue parties
Arching for the dead in yester
M, riotin8 are lntimidated and
threatened and the work Intcr
f erred with". Governor Small de-
an official report on the events
said to expect shortly. Labor
in constant touch with atrika
by bringing mine operators
47m. all flnW i. mntnf
Vl. . . .
uuu.wij,,. puuire ueiu
aistnci ana BUlle COnierenceS
conferences of any kind.
HERRIN 111.. June 2S. (By
the Associated Press.) Attempts
to sift through the mate of rum
ors, reports, contradictions and
acts of the mine war to obtaJa
an . uncolored- account of the
events leading, up to- it, tonight
after everything Is quiet, brought
two authentic reviews of the at
fair, oner from" a onion b.flcls
snd snother from a state ttflor
lal. . : , - ':::-::jr 1 !?' .
Hugh Winis, district board
members of the miners' anion1, I.
the first statement from union
officials concerning the massacre,
told newspaper representatives
that he placed the blame square
ly on the coat operators who im
ported strike breakers. He ' de
clared that the first shots were
fired by the strike breakers and
that these " shots were' without
provocation In that one ot the
chief causes ot the trouble was
the high hsnded manner In which
the Imported workers sheld ' up
private' citizens and refused to' let
them traverse the public highways
by the- mine. He made no at
tempt "to deny that the affair was
really va massacre, but Insisted It
wss hot started by miners. v -
. Trace Declared Broke
That he persuaded the besieged
workers to ' run up a white flag
and Obtain consent from mine cf
ficlals for a truce but that
truce. waS broken by whom,' he
did not know. :ji ,.JS- .
Both'reporti termed thi armed
guards st the mine "gasmen.
Mr, Willis rersloa ows 'ln
"The Southern flliaois Cosl
compsny has beesruBnlng this
mine about a yea When work
wss suspended o April 1. It was
agreed by the 4ln union board
members and A9 operators that
stripping of should be sllow.
ed. but thsf "O cosl wss to be
loaded fbrndustrial purposes.
Rctu& ReoaTalxe Promise '
Aftefsix weeks of stripping
the eoPnr informed me by leU
ter tMl bT o longer-1 would
ree0Size the sgreement snd thst
wanted to lead and ship cosl
findustrlsl purposes.?';! told
ttem I could not glre permission
for this. ;
"Ten davs lster Mr. Lester,
owner ot the mine, asked tt to
et aside the agreement,J I told
him I could not repudiate it. - He
said that unless I repudiated he
would open the mine,' even if he
had to repudiate his sgreement.
"Lester said his company was
in bad financial straits and that
ho could not overlook a chance
like this to make ..financial clean
op He said he did not, regard
his contrsct with us ss mesnlng
anything, when he could make a
lot of money by breaking it This
statement was msde to me whea
he knew the government had of
ficially ssld there wss no profi
teering in coal because of tn
strike. .,; v - ' '
"On Jane H I ' was Jntormed
that Lester had discharged all
"workers la the mine dirt strip
persand had Imported workers,
including armed guards, ;i from