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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 10, 1921)
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:llfi UP THE UI6H LIGHTS ABOUT
: OU GROW VIED IIS
The Association Has Sold the Oregon Crop of Filberts
at 20 Cents a Pound, Against 12 Cents Received
for the Forein Nuts Received Almost Four Hun-
dred Thousand Dollars Last Month.
" ft. reporter visiting the offices of
the Oregon Growers Cooperative
tssoclation In the Masonic build
ing yesterday, and making Inquiry
for news of the activities of that
most Intensely active organiza
tion, "as able to glean the follow
Jbk Interesting high lights:
The association a. fw riava n rn
fcJilpped a car of prunes from Dal-
mat Drougni oacK a check for
l',800. They, were 20-30's. and
tlwy brought 18 cents a pound in
New York. Most readers know, of
rwrse, that 20-30's are very large
sized prunes. The 'association has
sold some small lots of prunes as
nigl as 20 cent a pound.
They recently sold a car ot
hajiana apples,' going out of Sa
lem, for $1870. That meant
J 2,. 2 5 to 12.75 a box.
And, from Salem also, they re
cently sent a car of. Gravenstein
ajfples that brought $1656.
They have sold their dried cher
ries with pits in them, packed in
:fr-pound boxes, at 22 cents a
pound, f.o.b. Salenv
.Their dried loganberries, pack
ed In the same way, brought 30
cents a pound. ,.
i They are now distributing 2
cents a pound, or about SI 40.000.
on the 1921 crop of prunes to the
ifowers. There will, of course, be
icveral later distributions.
. They ahve paid 4 cents a pound
to their gooseberry growers and
there will be another distribution
They hare distributed 3 cents
impound to their strawberry grow
; ers, and there will be at least one
isiore distribution, when the last
tff the canned strawberries are
delivered and paid for.
i ' '
i They have paid 1 cents a
; jound on all their loganberries.
Uad will soon pay another cent a
i pound. They canned and dried
isome loganberries; sold some to
Wthe juice 'factories and the dehy-
.RABBITS FOR THE
IIIT II TIE Fl.
t 1 -
A Washington Man Tells the
World About trie Growing
K Rabbit Industry
' ' (The following article, written
hy Harvey Norris, a Washington
(state) man. appears in the cur
. I rent issue of the Farm Journal, of
I It is advisable not to -market
frabbits that are over five months
fold two or three-month olds
iwould be better. At the earlier
age the rabbit Is In its prime, but
Rafter it reaches five months the
I meat toughens.,
It seems to be common belief
i I that the rabbit is fit to eat only
during the winter ' months. The
truth is, the domesticated animal
is good for meat the hottest day
of July as well as the coldest day
December, in fact, it is gooa
food the year around. While the
oelt commands a better price dur
ing the winter, the summer pelt
brings profitable returns.
" Instruments needed for dress-1
ing, are a sharp small-bladed
knife for the actual skinning, a
gambrel that may be purchased
from any rabbit supply house, ac
rnratft grates, one heavy skinning
I knife to cut. the tail bone, sevet
the head and cut off the front
fleet, a heavy wire stretcher, and
a dull knife to scrape on tai auer
I the skins are dried.
s To kill the rabbit, hit a hard
Mnw with a. nhnrt round stick.-
f placing the blow Iq front of the
ears, and by doing this the car-
F eass will not be bruised. Bleed.
nd then hang up on the gambrel
and skin Immediately. I ....
; To skin start the knife as far up
on the hind legs as possible, and
cut the skin' down the middle ol
tach leg to the base of Ihe tail.
Cut the tall bone and then -pull
the skin, not using the knife, as
far as possible to the head. Cut
the skin loose at the neck and the
Job ol removoing Is completed.
' To dress, begin at the base of
the tail and slit down the belly,
being. careful not to cut into any
of the organs. Cut off the head
and front feet. Remove the or
gans,, leaving thekidneys Intact;
save the liver. Soak the carcass
In water for an hour and trim It
tip a little so that it will look
neat. Next hang it np by the hind
legs in a cool dry place until
When shipping, wrap each car
cass In parchment paper and In
clude the liver, also v carefully
wrapped np and put in the car
cass, i .. , ' ::- r -
Having marketed the rabbit, at
tention should . be, paid to .too
skins. Having previously placed
the skins on the - wire Btretcher.
bang in a coop dry place for
about a week - or .so until, thor
oughly dried. Then the fat must
be removed with a dull knife.
These skins must never be dried
prllfictit hat nor by the fli-
dration plants, and sent some
fresh to the markets and put some
in barrels. In all, they handled
two and a half million pounds of
During the month of October,
the association received from pur
chasers of the products of their
members and deposited in banks
$393,160.48. This whole sum, of
course, has been checked out or
is in process of being checked out
to the growers, to whom it be
longed or belones.
The receipts for November win
he about as much, and the money
received for the current year will
be something like $2,300,000.
They have packing houses at 23
to 24 different points.
Cars of apples are still rolling
out, and they will continue to go
till well up towards the end of the
year. Shipments have already
been made to 20 states, to Hawaii,
China, Great Britain, including
Scotland, and to Mexico. vV hen
the finish for this year shall have
come, they will have shipped about
300 cars of apples from western
Oregon, exclusive of the Rogue
River valley, and over 1000 cars
They will ship about 10 cars of
walnuts and filberts from their
Salem plant, where they are being
graded and cleaned and packed.
They are receiving 20 cents a
pound for their filberts, against
12 cents a pound being paid in
New York for the foreign crop.
This is because the home grown
article is better and fresher; and
partly because it is home grown.
The reporter might ramble on
through several columns, con
cerning the activities that center
on the fifth floor of the Masonic
building; but the above high
lights give at least a glimpse or
the big things that are being done
by the Oregon Growers coopera
pounds such as alum and salt must
not be used on the skins.
Store the skins where they can
not be reached by mice, and sprin
kle them with insect powder, or
use moth balls. Furs stored dur
ing the Bummer should be wrap
ped separately In newspaper to
prevent sweating and injuring
(It would not be profitable to
raise rabbits simply for their
pelts; the price paid for them is
not, at the present time, sufficient
to make it worth while. But as
a by-product these pelts are
worth considering. Farrington, in
his book on practical rabbit keep
ing, says if the skins are to be
salable, they must be obtained
when they are in the best condi
tion. During a molt they are
worthless, unless a market can be
found for them at a glue factory.
The skins are at their best in the
winter, say, between October and
March, and rabbits which are kept
in out-of-door hutches are apt to
develop a better quality of fur
than those which are housed in
warmer quarters. Sherlock, in hia
work on the care and manage
ment ot rabbits, says the fact that
the domesticated rabbit has a
thick, tough pelt when properly
matured and cured, has caused
many furriers to turn to It as a
source of supply in replenishing
the loss occasioned by the smaller
catches of wild fur each season.
Editor Farm Journal.)
Advice by the Biggest Farm
Paper There is on Ail
The biggsst farm paper there Is,
in point ot circulation, is the
Farm Journal, published monthly
at Philadelphia. ' The first and
leading article in that paper for
November is under the heading.
"Keep Your Head," directed, of
course, to farmers, and the auth
or is "Farmer Vincent." The ar
ticle is well worth reading by all
farmers though perhaps the far
mers of the Salem district need
the advice less than those of any
other section of the United States
for our farmers and ranchers
and fruit growers are generally
working and pushing out to the
extent of their working and fin
ancial ability in some cases to
the limit of t .e nursery trees and
plants to be bad. Following is
the article nrentioned: -:
. When t'ne horses "are running
away, it Is no, time to drop the
lines and Jump out or hang on
to the dashboard. You may hol
ler "whoa!" till you are red in
the face, but if you don't grab the
reins and "saw 'em down" for
dear life, it won't be lohg before
there will be a bigxua-upi
There are'farmers In thlscoun
try at the present time who are
UK (ho llnM ((own
IS TO FARMERS
KEEP YOUR HEAD
and the team running wild. Let's
stop a minute and think what will
be the effect of this runaway sort
of farming if; we do not pick up
the lines and get back to the only
gait which wjll bring us through
to safety. j
This is a hungry world. There
are more mouths to feed just now
than ever before in the history of
mankind. ! What will it mean if
any considerable number of men
stop producing? It makes one
dizzy to think: of it. Somehow the
world must be fed.
And It can not be very long
that prices will be below the cost
of production. Just now we are
in a stage of transition. But the
needle will surely swing back to
the north star if, we release it
a,nd give it a chance. The heart
of the nation is right, and it
knows what it owes to the far
mer and Willi pay it willingly and
cheerfully if jit once understands
the right and the wrong of things.
It is a time for producer and con
sumer to get; nearer together, not
farther apart. To know each
other better.j instead of striking
each other down. What, then, is
the part of wisdom, so far as the
farmer is cobcerned?
In the first place, let's not
think or feel I that we are in water
that Is too deep for us. If we
have thought we were In over our
heads maybe we have not straight
ened up enough. Let's hold our
heads high. .
Carefully f and conservatively
twe may step; out into deeper waU
er, all the time holding our heads
up like men who know their
worth and are proud of their pro
fession. ; Have we done our best
with the old farm? If not, let's
do better this year. Let's make
every foot count. Brush lots do
not feed starving men. Let's im
prove our methods wherever we
can. Let's work for better mar
kets. Let's? work shoulder to
shoulder with each other to do it.
Let's not expect ;too -much right
away. Let's- remember that Rome
was not built in a day, and that,
like the oak, anything worth while
takes time to grow. The most
contemptible thing on earth is a
And then, if we have brought
the old 'place up to Its best and
really feel that we might use a
little more land, let's add a bit
from the adjoining farm that may
be Iq the market at a reasonable
price. Land never made any man
poor. It is poor management that
does that. ;. Then we can grow
better crops. Then we can add
a few good' cows to our herds
and let sojne of the poor ones go.
It is a good time to swap cows.
And let's keep a level head and
not drop the lines!
A PIPING PAEAN
This Editor Says You Can
not Fool a Man Who Knows
Thei Real Article
Of all the delectable dishes
ever set before a king the Amer
ican pumpkin pie is the beet ot
all. Poems should be written
about the pumpkin pie, its worth
set forth; in song and story and
recipes for its making stored in
the bureau of standards.
With the first touch of real
fall pumpkin pies have made
their annual appearance in Wash
ington and something really
ought to be done about some or
them. To- any one who has ever
tasted a real pumpkin pie some
of these local efforts are a suaro
and & delusion, i They are no
more pumpkin pies than apple
pies are. Cinnamon pies can
4 masquerade as pumpkin only to
the unknowing. As in everythtmg
else in life, one must know first
the real to be able to detect the
imitation.; So it is with our oil
friend of the pumpkin pie. Those
of us who have eaten of
the golden brown pie, made of
real pumpkin, pecompanied by a
glass of cold, sweet milk, 'cannot
be fooled by a dark brovn pastry
that gets Its flavor from the spice
Jar. Washington Star.
Making Them Right
At i the i dehydration plant of
King's Food Products company,
down on ! North Front street in
Salem, they are now grinding up
and packing into tin cartons 75.
f00 pounds of dehydrated pump
kin for pumpkin pies-
If the Washington editor wll
use this tilling, j he .will never go
wrong on the real pumpkin pie?
like his mother used to make
or better. ;
The King's Food Products
company: would have used a great
many tons more of pumpkins if
they i could have been supplied
with thsi! right kinds: for they
must! be Just ! right, in order; to,
come! up to the dehydration stan
dard, Their reputation is si
Ftake. They must look to the fu
ture for in the years to come the
demand ffor pumpkin pies made
from dehydrated pumpkins will
grow enormously, as housewives
and other cooks: all over the coun
try com to.know thst they can
plwavs depend ;upon this filling;
that it will always be the same;
that it will never disappoint them
if they o their part well in pro
viding the crust, and doing tee
proper baking. !
The pumpkin crop of the r'&bt
kind of; pumpkins was not as
large a? it should have been the
rast; season, i Hut the 75,000
pounds i bf dehydrated , pumpkin
f rom the Satero plant will go a
i little way, at least, in advertising
tneinepenaaoie oenyarateu smu
in such -a way as to dispose of
irrr on a c titles in future years.
POULTRY FIBS !
em A MESSAGE
The Hens to Discard and the
Hens to Keep for the
The Wisconsin United Statea!
Agricultural Experiment station
has published a message to com
mercial egg farmers, and it is so
pointed, brief and sagacious that
it is not only worthy of wide pub
lication, but the suggestion is
wisely given to all so-called util
ity men. who are increasing in
number in the Salem nUtrict
(and ought to increase much fas
ter), that they cut it out and
paste it on the inside of the door
to laying house So. 1, where th?
caretaker will have it as a con
stant and general reminder:
1. Poor layers and all old hens.
2. Cripples and hens with
broken down abdomens or frozen
3. The sick, quiet, inactive
hens that spend much time on the
4. All "crow heads" with long,
slim heads and beaks.
5. The. large, coarse-headed
hens with sunken eyes.
6. All very short, stubby hens
with feathers extremely heavy
for their breed.
7. All late-hatched immature
pullets and these that are early
hatched but much undersized.
8. All hens that molt before
9. The persistent sitter.
10. All hens with solid, fat abdomens-
11. AH hem having bad hab
its (cannibals, feather-pullers,
12. All cockerels not needed
for breeding purposes.
1. Strong, healthy vigorous
hens with short, neat heads and
2. The hens with long, deep
rectangular bodies and parallel
top and bottom lines.
3. The hens with large, bright
eyes, active appearance and short,
well-worn toe nails.
4. The hens with dusty, worn
feathers, especially worn tail
feathers, but having a bright.
5. The hens that molt late.
6. The noisy, happy friendly
7. The early risers and those
late to roost.
8. The vigorous hens with the
faded beaks and shanks.
9. The" hens with the soft plia
10. The hens with the thin
pelvic bones spread wide apart.
11. The early hatched, well
12. Large. strong. active.
Quick-maturing cockerels of de
sired variety, type and high-producing
They Are Good Foragers and
Will Garner Good Portion
of Their Food
A correspondent writes for in
formation concerning the Indian
Runner ducks, both as to their
table values and also for egg pro
duction. This breed is by no
means a stranger to Oregon land
scape, having been bred in all sec
tions of the state for fully 23
j-ears, maintaining a popularity
more as an egg than as a flesh
producer. This is due chiefly to
the fact that it is a smaller bird
than the Peking, which is the
popular market variety in this
state. As the name indicates, the
breed Is presumed to be native to
India, though even on this point
history is not perfectly clear. In
dian Runners were introduced in
to England somewhere about the
middle of the last century, whence
they found their way to America.
In the hands of English and Am
erican breeders the breed has
been much Improved, and while
originally there was only one var
iety there are now two, the fawn
and the white, with possibly a i
third, the buff. In the original '
variety the head is grayish fawn
in the female and bronze-green
in the male; the neck, wingflights
and fluff are white and the rest
of the body fawn; the bill is
green in adult birds, with a black
bean, in ducklings, yellow; legs
and toes, orange color. Weight:
males, 4 to 5 pounds; females, 3
to 4 pounds.
As an egg producer the Indian
Runner is in a class by Itself,
and If we are to believe the rrint
ed word, there are records of
ducks laying ovr 300 eggs per
annum,, while ISO to 200 eggs Is
quite common. The laying period
is also of some duration. oft?n
covering five and six years. Thej
eggs 'are smaller than is usual
with ducks, which allows market
ing with hens eggs. The meat ot
the Indian Runner Is juicy, aad
of good flavor, but the bird being
small, (as already intimated) is
not over abundant, though it Is
said that breeders have during
the past decade somewhat ln
creased the size of the breed.
They are' classed as non-setting,
hence the ducks cannot always be
depended on for maternal duties;
DUCKS ARE G 0 0 I
they are good foragers, however,
and where range is available will
garner a good portion of their
food. In spite of this, Indian
Runners stand confinement well,
requiring, of course, some atten
tion as to feeding and care. From
these brief discursive notes it will
be observed that as a utility breed
they have much in their favor,
but when it comes to exhibition
specimens, more attention must
be given to mating and care. Ja
cob Tomlinson, an English breed
er, advocates mating four ducks
to a suitable drake and penning
them up separately. By this
means it is easier to correct any
finlts. Birds penned up thus
should be fed in the morning on
coarsely ground feed and beef
scraps, and in the evening hard
grain one kind only being given
at a time, but varied frequently.
Peas, wheat, oats and corn are
suitable, but care must be exer
cised in the use of corn, as it is
liable to make the birds overfat.
A sufficient supply of water Is
also essential, not necessarily for
swimming, but to eitable the
birds to keep themselves clan.
Pratum Methodist. Church
Now in New Conference
Last Sunday is one long to be
remembered for its community
interest and spiritual uplift by
the Pratum Methodist Episcopal
church. The little country
church was crowded to the door3
and 32 adults joined the church.
This church was recently trans
ferred from the German Meth
dist conference to the English
f peaking Oregon conference and
John A. McNevs, a student of
Kimball college was appointed as
Dr. J. D. McCormack assisted
the pastor in th services of last
Sunday and Misses MrCracken
and Walker of Willamette uni
versity were prpent and sang a
duet, "Sweet Peace, the Gilt of
On Monday nisht Dr. B. E.
Gilbert, the dis-itt superintend
ent conducted the business ses
sion. The formal organization
was effected and the following
Recording steward. William Dc
Vries, district steward Fred De
Vries; reserve steward, George
Kleen; community steward, Mrs.
Lydia Meyers; director of social
and religious life. E. W. Tlranch.
Other stewards: Melvin Lien, Os
car Meyers and Archie Bowen.
Trustees: Alfred Meyers. William
De Vries, George Kleei. Paul
Selhe, Herman De Vries. Chor
ister, Mrs. Ellen Selhe. Organist,
M-s. Carrie Branch-
Next Sunday the services will
Ve devoted to the interests of the
children and the junior choir
will sing. Sermon, "The Child
in the Church,' followed by a
baptismal jervics for children by
HULLT, Ore., Nov. 9. The
neighborhood was well represent
ed at the road meeting held at the
Porter school house Saturday.
About 100 were present. A tax of
13400 was levied.
Mrs. A. W. Smlther of Salem is
spending this wek with her moth
er, Mrs. P. Mais.
Miss Emma Evans spent the
week-tnd with her parents at
O. J. McCoy of Newberg. was up
to attend to his sheep Sunday. Mr.
Van Goder wil lcare for them this
Mrs. Lilile Burch and daughter
Gladys are spending a few days in
Mrs. Bachler and children and
Mr. and Mrs. Phillips spent Sun
day with A. J. Hullt.
Mrs. Art Buell ond daughter
visited at the Van Gorder home
Friday and Saturday.
R. Sk Blodgett moved his family
back to Salem Sunday where they
will spend the winter.
"Dear, do you remember where
you were in 1910?" asked the
bride of a few months. "No. dear:
I don't remember exactly," re
plied the voung husband, "Why
do you ask?" "Why, 1 wa
reading today in the paper that
in 1910 one person in every X00
in Britain was in prison."- Edin
M UILJH H If
Qamtity in roofing Is what
gives it resistance to ran and
rain the two worst enemies
of roofing. Quality in Mal
thoid is built-in. That's why
it lasts so long why it's the
cheapest roofing you can buy.
There is no better protection
for house, barn, shed,: fruit
warehouse, shop, garage, etc
Comes in three thicknesses.
Cement, nails and directions
ia each roll.
AU est ut about Ifaltlmi
SkinfUi rti 04
Spaulding Logging Co.
No paint necessary for ten
- 4 -
I . years.
Local Firm Succeeds in Ef
forts to Exceed 3000
Box Day's Run
A new record for speed in pack
ing prunes has been established.
In eight hours of actual running
time 3011 boxes of prunes were
run out at the Oregon Growers'
Salem plant, an average of 375
boxes an hour.
It has been the ambition of J.
L. Tucker, who has supervised
prune packing at the plant for
several years for the association
and the old Salem Fruit union, to
put out 3000 packed boxes in a
single day's run of nine hours,
and his efforts have at last been
rewarded with success.
The largest single day's run.
according to R. C. Paulus, was
made several years ago to fill a
rush order. In a 10 hour run
3500 packed boxes were put out.
Packing and shipping (oper
ations have been made from
nearly all of the association's
plants in the state.. -
The trouble wtth "flyingr up"
rasilv is that you so often have
to fly down hard.
MORRIS OPTICAL CO.
204-11 Salem Bank of
A call today may save need
less pain and suffering in the
OREGON. PULP & PAPER CO.
"V Manufacturers of " iT
High Grade Wrapping Papers and
1 Paper Specialties
A. C. Bohrnstedt
Life, Fire, Health, Acci
dent, Auto and Indemnity
Insurance. Bonds and
Mortgages, City Building
407 Masonic Bid?., Salem. Or.
CAre fully Packed
Will Give Satisfaction to the
428 Oregon Building
Additional Salesmen Wanted.
Try Our Doughnuts 20c
170 North Commercial St.
Webb & Clough
Cor. Court and High Sta
Phone 120 i
Iron and Brass Castings
Sawmill and Logging Re
pairs, Hop and Fruit
Stoves, Castings I of all
Phone Green 931
260 North High Street
Boost This Community b& Adver-
tising on the Pep and Progress J;
Pages ) J
Buy the Ore
W. W. R0SEBRAUGH
Foundry and Machine Shop
17th and Oak Sts., Salem, Or.
SALEM TILE &
Schindler Bros., Prop.
Dealers in Milk and Cream
Wholesale and Retail
Phone 725 Salem, Ore.
Wants Your Business
Hardware, Stoves, Cooking
Utensils, Dishes, Tools, etc.
220 N. Commercial St.
137 S. Com'l St. Phone 299
Our Idea: Our Method:
The Best Only Co-operation
DRAGER FRUIT CO.
Dried Fruit Packers
221 S.High St Salem, Or.
Always in the market for
dried fruits of all kinds
Buys and Sells Anything
215 Center St.
SALEM, OREGON '
The largest and Most
Complete Hostelry Ore
gon Out; of Poijtl&nd ;
1848 S. Com'l St. Phone Alt'
Build your modern home with
burned building blocks, cheapest
and best for durability, absolutely
fire-proof. j r A.
Drain Tile of All Sizes fc&:
MERCANTILE CO. ..'
Pipeless Furnaces '
And Up ' ;
Send for circular
W. T. Rigdon &
W. Hi Grabenborst
Farm and Fruit Lands
Small Tracts and Invest-
'" j - ment :
Telephone 515 -275
State St, Salem, Ore.
deserve the support of "
everyone who wishes
to inculcate high prin
ciples of manhood into
the youth of our land.
This space paid for by
' Thielsen & Rahir