The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, September 07, 1921, Page 8, Image 8

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Serfea of Three Articled by Sam X. kozer, Incumbent,
; ; Article No. 2-State Institutions and Finances
Smite Idea, of tho growth of the
and- the demands upon it
rmay be obtained by comparing
th nuinber of persons in the var
iicus state institutions at tni pres
ent time with the nnmber when
' tUDxe institutions were first creat
ed.; ... ..
f; Cre of Inwnc AwumH ,
V-.'Tne carer of the Insane was tak
, en over directly by the stata in
i j W3J and- daring ; .that year the
i I present" hospitt.1 east : of the ?citv
j ; was opened. tThere were 409-pa.
i , item iraasierrea rrom the Haw
l inorne . sanitarium r in ' Portland
M wnere tne state cared for its in
satifl; prior, to that time nnd.-.,
ntfact.- The number of Inmates
;i wo nofiiai at the present time
; Isertearly 1809: and in hhjt.
Uhere: are nearly 550 persons now
eastern Oregon state hos
kp,,tal'Jl,t rndleton.j which institu-
s was openea for the reception
H fr. J?ai,0BJ; 10 years ago,
ji ' ine , nnnd school opened its
Kd2?!?"'11 1871 than attendance
i 1T. wmcn nas increased at
'tine- present time to 43.
ji ;: ' The .boys- training school, be
i ; tweea the city of Salem and Tur
i? fryras" opened in 11891. with 20
yoys, andjiQwOaeroiaxa more than
oeiag cared for.
: - - Tubercnlar Cared for
I ' rTh Oregon schodT tot the deaf
, icne m me year i7U with
f 10 ? students, and those attending
m present time number about
; ino ; iuoercuiosui, Hospital was
j. first opened la 10. Jrith: f've
I patients, and now there are oyer
100, Ihis institntion j being always
r luieq to capacity. I , reeble-mlnded : Institute,
located southeast of Salem, was
opened in the year 190S; with 11
inmates, which '.number has rap-
i miy, grown until there are now
4 600 people confined there.
! The Soldiers Home at Rob6-
burg, which the state maintainf
i for, the care of old and enfeebled
:; veterans during their declining
years. has a population of nearly
1C0 at all times. j i ;
ji So as to make the adult blind
I fiejf-supportlng as much as possi-
We, at the special election May
21, 1920, the people of the sUte
I provided for the establishment of
f an institution at Portland for
; those ao .afflicted. . Inasmuch.
! however, as the . money - for fin
t Anclng this , institution 'will not
; bo available before January .
'i 1922rita; real . work must be de
f forred until after that time, al
i though the last , legislature , pro-
tided $15,000 to carry onthls
r work until the funds provided be
come available. ;'
? lasthntlon P-ayrbri Heavy 'Z4
i ,& It might be also worthy of rio
r tfee or interestinr to know that
; the payroll of those in the. em
I ploy of the state and Who main
tain their homes in the capital
! city amounts to considerably more
j than. $1,000,000 annually. There
i' are more than ' 300 persons con
? tlnuously employed in the various
j departments and activities' quart
. ered In the capltoF and supreme
court buildings. At the state bos
I pital there are about 220 persons
! reguiariy employed. At the state
.institution for feeble-minded, the
f employes number about 70.' At
the Oregon - state penitentiary
about 60 persons: at tha Bara'
F tralntnr hroI. nhnut in iunnni
nt,the industrial school for girls,
i about' 1 0 ' persons ; , at the tuber
I cu!osIs hospital. 30. at .the., state
I school tor the. blind,. 20 persons;
tUhe state school for the deaf,
i 30 persons. - Then in addition to
1 those institutions. located in-', the
j' vicinity f Baletn," are the eastern
i Oregon - hospital- at Pendleton,
ll where 50. persons, are i employed ;
the Oreron Soldiers'.':' home ' . a
illtoseburg,-about 35 person. The
f unmrstty of Oregon oil lis in
s structional. v and . administrative
:, force employs over; 2 SO persons.
the Oregon Agricultural College'
Mat Corvallisy has otf Its payroll in
tno same capacity, more than 350
persons; and -the Oregon normal
school at Monmouth in like capac
&HK, overjtu persons.u .; !;
i Thounlji Man If iMtrtmenta
tin .
;. iThl -doenot 'fnciude" any of
f the great, army of employes en
rfgaged da. accomplishing the ex
i i i i i i i
Fall Seeds
. We have a complete stock
of Fall Seeds all RECLKAN
. ED in' first class shape, in
cluding Waldo Hill Gray
Oats. White, Winter Wheat.
White Eaton Wheat,' Kinney.
Wheat, Durham . Wheat, Fall
Ryo, Rosen Rye, Cheat Seed,"
Oregon Vetch, Hairy,. Vetch,
and all kinds of Clovers and :
Grass Seeder tVf
Too, wilt always, find our
prices the lowest in the Wil
lamette Valley, for QUAL-.
ITY. SEEDS. '&m' " :i
Sded Cleaning
' We have the most Improv
ed cleaning machinery in the
state, and pride ourselves
on doing the best work in
the state, , We clean clover j
so as tahave the highest
grade seed possible and wltbs
the least possible .loss of
seed. It certainly saves and
makes you money to have us
to do your seed cleaning.
And the price Is as .low. as.,
others charge! for inferior
work, -
Bring us your seeds and
cleaned right.' '
seed grain and . have it
- i.' -
Phone 160, 255 State St.4
1 Pt,FM. OUTl;. V
tensive road , program which the
state, is vigorously proetuting at
this C tlmo, - outside or those em
ployed immediately in the capitol
Tho state of Oregon, It will be
observed, ia quite an extensive in
stitution, requiring not only hun
dreds, tut thOMSinds, to conduct
Its business and carry on Its ac
tivities. 'Perhan.? the miitTi tudt
of the business of the state Is not
grasped by the people generally,
for the reason that its many ac
tivities are more or leas scattered.
The lack of their being central
ized fails to make thht Impression
upon the public which any-larj,
business naturally does by rea
son Of;'ts being ecn-finedv within
a limited space. The state fs net
to be compared with a ; large In
dustry in that it must produce
something in order to Justify. Its
existence. It produces only where
it can in order to reduce the cost
of the burden which society im
poses upon it. It cannot at the
end of a fiscal year show a profit,
notwithstanding its affairs have
been successfully and economical
ly administered, as can the ordin
ary successful business enterprise
or venture. . The .only, diyidends
it can expect to f ecure upon its investments-,
which are its taxes,
if they may be called investments,
which I scriouMy 'doubt, are af
fairs well administered, the unfor
tunates of the state comfortably
and decently cared for, and a sat
isfactory accounting by tho sev
eral , officers . entrusted with the
discharge , of the various duties
Imposed upon them by law.
) Hnge Program' Under Way
The large : program which tho
state has undertaken to effect
durjngjthe years 1921 and 1922;
involves the expenditure of near
ly $45,000,000. Of this sum
about $1.07,000 Is for what is
classified as general governmental
expenses, which includes the ex
penses of the legislature, the em
ergency board, the executive de
partment, the ttcasury. the
commission, the attorney general.
tne salaries of the district attor
neys of the various counties, the
expenses of the ftate department.
the board of control, the conduct
f elections, thn expenses of the
supreme court and of the supreme
court library, tlte-salaries of the
var.oua circuit - judges, and the
maintenance and ; upkeep of the
capitol buildings and grounds, to
gether with ' -., tronie , unclassified
miscellaneous expenses.- ;
or protection - to persons and
property, over $C. 265, 000 is ner
essary. :; Under- this classification
is included the expense of special
agents, the expenses of the fire
marshal, the general expenses of
the nat'onal guard of Oregon;
f be expenses of the banking de
partment, the corporation depart
ment, the insnrance department;
the real estate department, and of
the public service commission; Al
so the expenses ot the sealer of
velghts and measures, the. board
of aconntancy. the board of ar ,
chitects' examiners, engineering
examiners, - board ' of conciliation;
board of Inspectors of child labor,
naustnai weiiare commission, tng
board of pilot commissioners, the
state board' of forestry, the ex
penses of registration and licens
ing of motor, vehicles, payment o
bounties on wild animals, and tor
the eradication of wolves and coy
otes, "etc.; the expenses of the la-i
bor department and : also of me
industrial accident - commission,'
including compensation to injured
worker -: . , - - , . ... '
V i Industrie FoKteml - j
t Undor tho head ot development
and; conservation of: natural re-i
sources,; there .Is Included over
$1,737,000. This includes the an-
nual appropriations for the var-t
lous state, district - and county
fairs: for the expenses of the
state board' of torticulturer. tor
conducting the sUte lime board at
Gold Hill. Oregon; for advertising
the scenic : wonders of the north
west arid, encouraging tourists ti
visit Oregon;; for expenses of tho
livestock sanitary board, the stal
lion registration board;, the vet
erinary examining board, and thq
Oregon ; human tocietjr; f or thO
office of the state engineer in eo-i
operative work with the united
States geological survey,- and also
includes the expenses of the eta to
water board. and i desert j lanii
hoard;-: tho-threau ot mines and
geology, and the department of
fisheries and also ot the depart
meat of-game. vi r- -f't
v.- tUnder ; the i hmd of health and
sanitation, aggregating $339,000
there is included the expenses of
the1 state board of health, the ex
pens of maintaining the Oregon1
Tuberculosis hospital, conducting
the work of the Oregon Social Hy
giene society, and for the conduct
of The Cedars at Portland. The
expenses of the child welfare com-
mission and ot the dairy ana iooa
commissioner .are included nnder
thls heatL ai aro&lRO the expenaoj
of thef state' board bt' barber ex?
aminers and board of chiroprac
tic examiners, board or denial ex
aminers; board ( of k medical exam
iners,, board ot examiners of
craduate nurses. board of exam
iners in optometry; and the state
board of pharmacy, .-.: .- .. - .
. . Htmln ItnildH lliChvaiTa ,
: Under the head of roads and
highways, is included all the ex
pendltures. made directly by the
state In the extension. (and im
provement of rods and highways
throughout Tnts item a
gregates over ' $2 f, 660.000 and
much of it. will arlte from the Bale
of bonds, the' issue of which has
be?n v authorized for the purpose
of improving the roads and htgn
ways throughout the state.'
' Under t he head of " charitlee.
r hospitals and corrections, the Tar
lous items aeireeate over 13,-
427.00.; and Include the moneys
provided -! for th3 conducting the
-Mate School-for the 'Blind at Sa
'lem. the Employment Institution
: for the Blind at Portland, the
.deaf school at RaK.m. and for sup
porting a number ot private insti
tutions) throughout;. , the fv state
which are carta for indigent or
phans and foundlings It also' In
cludes the Etate hospital at Salem,
the Eastern Oregon Hospital at
Pendleton; the Institution for tiie
Feeble-Minded at Salem, thp pen
itentiary at Salem. ' tie Hoys'
Training School, cnl the State n
dustriai bchol lorjfiirla, ;
Ktii-atlonl Affroprlatloas lalc ;
For education the total sum ag
gregates over $6,507,000. Th:s
includes tiio Ur'artnient of educa
tion of the stat, the carrying on
o.' the vocational educational work
in cooperation with the federal
government, the expenses of the
Oregon AcTicnltnral ("ollegT at
Corvallls. tho T:t:.vrr,ity of Ore
gon at Eugen. tiie Oregon Nor
mal school at Monmouth. a well
as the amounM wh!ch the state is
contr'bntin? to -x-serv cc men tr
aid them In securing an education.
Th'i erpenses of I he Oregon State
Mbrary and of the Oregon .Histor
ical society are ali imnluled un
der this classification as is also
the Oregon Blue FKok.
Under the classification of re
creation, there is' but $1,600
rdaced. This includes the . im
provement of Champoeg park, in
the northern part of Marion coun
ty, and tho preservation of the
John McLoughlin' home at Oregon
Under the head of relief to
special classes, is included the ex
penses of condncting the Oregon
Soldiers home at Roseburg. and
of printing the proceedings of the
department of Oregon of the
Grand Army of the "Republic.
This classification totals over
$133,000. ,
. Of the foregoing sum of more
than $44,000,000, over $7,272.
000 is covered by direct biennial
appropriations from the general
fund of the state which were made
at the last session of our legisla
ture, adjourned February 23,
1921. Over $7,396,000 will re
sult from fixed mileage levies.
Upwards of $19,567,000 will be
derived from the sale of bonds
for road building. Over $3,446-
000 will be contributed by the
federal government for coopera
tive educational work and high
way construction, and over $6.-
537,000 will come from fees and
miscellaneous income and receipts
of the different ! departments,
boards and commissions.
X6t All Direct Taxation
While the aggregate of the ex
penditures of the state for the
current biennium is a sum beyond
easy grasp, yet as before stated,
this entire amount: in fact, by
far the greater portion of it. is
not the result of direct taxation.
The receipts from what are gen
erally termed "miscellaneous
sources." that Is, from departmen
tal fees, licenses and the like, are
estimated at over $10,398,000,
while the expenses of those ac
tivities which - are ! payable, from
the fees which they collect, are
only a little over $1,681,000. The
difference is diverted to the gen
eral fund -for defraying the gen
eral governmental expenses, and
portions for specific purposes. i
For example, it is estimated
that the sum of $2,375,000, be
ing estimated receipts from the
laws providing for a tax on gaso
line, less than $95,000 will be
refunded , by reason of the usq
of a portion of the gasoline sold
for other purposes than In the
operations of motor vehicles. Ot'
the estimated receipts of over
$5,043,000 from motor vehicle li
censes, this sum, together with
the receipts from the gasoline tax.
la made available for road con
struction and . road Improvement
throughout the state.
Aggregate of Fees Krdimated
The estimated receipts from
corporation licenses over $540,-
000, and from inheritance taxes
aggregating over $5,000 are, less
administrative expenses, available
for the 'payment of general gov
ernmental expenses. The opera
tion of those salutary laws desig
nated to protect the health, lives;
and property of the people, an
nually produco a revenue Bubstan-I
will be proven by a mere
; 1 ,.
Princess Hard Wheat
"t" ; , Flour ,
1920 J Prlee, aact' f 2.15---Onr
Today's Price- - --
Sack Bond $7
ien lUTOoery.jjept.j
II mi llllllIK L- : vLj?..;'. JLiF J . iSilM'U I Ulli UKT -::T-i'
11 v uf Aiit a hi 11 i i s a. ' miTsix." k isj" " w m 1 11 1 1 1 1 : 1 .w a. - s .,- t f
a - 1 v ' " - t- 1 . - ' , ..-i-n ."aBat-vj c . 1
A Gmantic' Effort m on
H?-r' 'Wr- 'V'-''' y - " I1
"Jf "V- if : ti i y.
.: T
Feieral troops have been ordered to make ready for an Immediate move-to West Virginui it neces-i
sary. Gor Morgan of West Virginia appealed to the President for troops when he learned that striking:
miners and deputies were ready to clash in Mingo and Logan counties. The coal fields have been the seen
of several outbreaks ever since the striking coal miners and operators disagreed.! The picture shows a
typical miner's tent, erected: to meet the demand or the high cost of living, since the miners have been
out of employment
tially in excess of the cost of ad
ministration. It is often stated that the state
1 cumbered with an endless num
ber ot needless commissions, which
could well be dispensed with fand
the expense of their functioning
saved to the state. In this con
nection it might be stated that
there are, nearly 40 boards, and
Commissions of various kinds,
practically all of which are honor
ary, or of which the members re
ceive but a nominal per diem
while in the actual performance
of their duties; so that while thera
is a considerable number of hoards
and commissions yet they are not
a drain upon the state,, for they
arc supported. from the fees deriv
ed from persCns engaged in those
vocations which they are created
to regulate.
There are no separate boards
for the conduct o the various
state institutions. These are all
centered in the board of control,
composed of tho governor, secre
tary ot state and state treasurer,
who receive no compensation
whatever for their services on this
board. The state penitentiary is
under the . direct control of the
Population Grows Rapidly
In 1900, the population of the
state was substantially 413,000,
while in 1920 it reached nearly
double that, or 800,000. Ex
penses have increased in greater
ratio than the population, which
is accounted for to some extent by
the fact that the value of the dol
lar is not as gTeat as it was two
decades past. The greater portion
of the disbursements during the
past biennium are represented by
the receipts from the sales of
bonds for highway construction
and improvement throughout the
titate. as authorized under the sev
eral statutes providing specifically
therefor to bo used for road con
struction and improvement, and
from licenses, excise taxes, ,, etc.
Prior to 1917, Oregon had no
bonded indebtedness. In fact, it
was one ot the very few states
standing in puch an enviable posi
tion, and it was with pride that
the secretaries of state in their bi
ennial reports always referred to
this condition. No. more, how
ever, can attention be directed to
this singular position of distiinc4
Power; of Ybur Dollar Today
visit to this store. We pnrchase our merchandise on the lowest possible levels. Our far -
.,.. ! overs, give up the advantage of, ender selling all others.
Shop Where the Crowds Buy
. v .-
Men's Heavy 220
1920EPrice f 2.70 Our. To
day's Price
i 98 c
(Men's-FumiEhing Dept.)
Merely Examples : ot 'itie Low
w. - .
tion among the staters. Bonds have
not been issued for other purposes
than for road construction, with
the exception of come few hundred
dollars under the so-called "rural
credits law." Thox total road
bonds outstanding at this tlmo ap
proximate over $20,000,000. The
expenditures of the proceeds from
the sales of these bonds in high
way work and highway construc
tion under tho directfon of tho
state highway commission are au
dited with just as much care as
are the accounts of any other
state activity or money expended
for any other governmental pur
pose. Xe-iv Duties ImpoNcd
It might be here stated that
one 6f the laws enacted by th?
1919 regular session of the legis
lature which imposed considera
ble additional duties upon the
secretary of state, is the soldiers',
sailors' and marines' educational
financial ,aid law. This law, it
will be recalled, was enacted at
the 1919 session of our legisla
tive assembly an4 directed to be
referred to the people at a sp-ecial
election held in June, 119.
Thereat the people approved the
same and such law authorizing
aid in not to exceed $25 per
month to any ex-3ervice man pur
suing a cpurse of study in some
Oregon institution of learning,
went into effect.
This law requires that the ex
servire man submit an application
to the executive head of the edu
cational institution in which he
w'shes to pursue a course of stu
dy. If the executive head of such
institution finds the application in
order, hs approves and forwards
it to the secretary of the state,
who further examines it and U
found correct places it on file.
Thereafter tho claims of the ex
service man not in excess of $2
per month as may be approved
by the executive head of the In
stitution, are paid by tho secre
tary of state for a period of not
to exceed four years.
Up to March 3-1 . 1921, over
$794,000 was paid to more than
54 00 ex-service men by the state
to aid them in securing an educa
tion. This law carries an appro
priation of substantially $200,
.000 annually. By another law
f approved by the people at the
special ejection cm May 21. 1920.
Our Part
-vSs - - i ;vLit. . II
am -
Bob White Soap
1320 Price.! Bar 6c
or Today's Price, Bar
i ! . 4c i '
(Grocejry Dept.)
r-f ylj
the sum was tubstantially doub
led. Very few o! the states of . the
un'on are assisting their enlisted
men as is ; Oregon, though som
of them have provided a cash
bonus, based on the length of
service during the recent World
Klectlon Work Heavy
Duties generally devolving up
on the secretary ot state are those
in connection with the conduct ot
the various stale elections, both
primary, general and special elec
tions. Prior to 1906, there were
only the general erections, hem
biennially, and such special elec
tions as might be called- by the
governor from time to time. How
ever, when the primary law went
into effect, in 1S06, the election
work of the state was doubled.
Just as much work, in fact more
labor and, is involved In
the conduct of a primary election
than In the conduct of one of the
biennial general elections.
SILVBRTON, Ore., Sept. G
(Special to Tho Statesman)
Alfred Jensen, Martin Hatteburg
and Mrs. M. O. Gunderson mo
tored to Portland today in the
former's car. The party went on
business connected with the Trin
ity pipe organ.
Miss Cora Satern who is pick
ing hops at the Grinde yard, spent
the week-end at home in Silver
ton. Rev. and Mrs. George Henrik
seu. Miss Dora Henriksen and
Miss Louise Henriksen are spend
ing a few days at Portland this
Miss Esther Larsen and Harold
Larsen motored to Salem Monday
Commons Frowns, British
Officers Take War Brides
LONDON, Sept. 6. Seven Bri
tish officers with the army on the
Rhine have married German wo
men since the occupation, it was
stated In the house of commons
today by a government spokes
man in reply to a question. Ho
added that it was not the policy
of the war office to encourage
such unions, but' the department
has no power prevent them.
4T .
to Demonstrate the
Gorrip:ecl With- Prices in 192p
1920 Price, yard 22c
Our Today's" Price j
u-: 9c ...
(White Gooda
- , -
wIhr yo cast
. or frtcaasced,
and j oo stt on a golden .throne- all day,
v surrounded by ymtr MVag subject..
and slaves f bring .you ' bushels of " '
pearls, jcoldrn-hrow-n tvamps do th '
and thew, blooie!. the alarm clock rings!
A screamingly funny plot are of Kchool boy
life, frofn Mary Roberta IUnchart's famous
s story. . , i - - - -
It's a
Empire Builders
. - - r -
Mary Rbb&fsr MMi
- -Jt a. - - . . . - ! " - ' ' . ' k '-At j : - ' -' , i.
The charm of the new Fall Millinery is expressed
in these Hats. . " . y-'-:'j ..y'-'i :";.'f
f - 'i - ' r v.".'.
The cleverly fashioned seml-tailoved and Press ,
Hats, whether it he the' large . Hat, with ' a' toUch pf i
brighter color in the facing or trirrirnirigi or the smaller; ,
closer fitting Hats, effectively trimmed with the much
demanded Ostrich feathers. . " j
.. . , - 'I
$2.98. $875
Our Prices Always th lowest
Commercial and
sightedness, our tremendous buying power and quick turn-'
-., ' , ; , $ ' rS . . ..I "-. 1
Detailed Examples of Under-Selling.
- r m w
1920 Price 25c Our To
day's Price : " r''
(Bargain Sales Main Floor)
'hav your enrmlm ' boiled !-
according to jour mood.
itr i
from the fambnb" story
Today ...
. .
I . r -1 t (
v .mw
60x76 Pfaid Blankets
J920 Price 14.00 Our To
day's Price ,
(Ikr;ain Tables, Main Fir)
J , t x