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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (May 26, 1921)
THE OREGON STATESMAN, SALEM, OREGON
THURSDAY MORNING. MAY 26, 1921
More Cabbage Ought to Be Produced Here in This District, and a Gresit Cabbage
Shipping and Manufacturing Industry Ought to Be and Can Be Built Up in Salem
V'GIK M MARKETINb
It LUTE CAW
E, By THE 0. L G.
it is Important That Good Seed of Approved Strain Be
Planted; That uare be uiven io neseuing ana inai
Soil That Will Hold Moisture Well Be Used, As There
Must Be Large Yield for Profit.
Pnlnir Is Circular 86 of! lie In a rough state during the
I a ..rw-uiiiirai f'nllece I inter. In thU wy more moicturc
tktf Oregon AfcrltuUuri College. hed than other
txteDKlon wrrlce. by O. D. Center. I A.ise ,n he spHng at thft f,rSt
director of the department oi veg- opportunity tho land should be
euble gardening, the dato being woed down and manure at the
February . . rate 01 ten tons per acre suouiu De
Soil This crop is not auapieu eVenly scattered over the soil and
... .nil which does not hold mols- n,htiv niowpd or else thoroughly
tsrewell during the summer and digkert ,c Many growers make a
fjll monins, umcso iuvic , I practice or using pome commercial
possibility of irrigation. Moisture fertilizer as well as the manure,
holding capacity, therefore, is an jnasmuch as the crop is a very
important essenwai. en neaT). user or potasn as wen as
tolls U1 produce a crop that can J nitrogen and phosphoric acid. The
t marketed longer in the fal I solidity of the beads is very large-
TV and winter than where the crop My dependent upon the amount of
tarromwn lower iuiuuu. ",v" i minerHi element in mo sou. mosi i
0f the late cou6 Oregon sous., nowever. are won
this state la produced on well fer- supplied with this phosphoric acid
tiliied upland soil, having a capa- and potash. In a good many cases,
ett of holding moisture in the cabbace yields may be Increased
mmrnet. Large yields are ob- ny tn6 application of lime, not less
Ulned from many different kinds than one ton per acre being sp
ot bottom soils and swales, that pned. It is very important that
wi.ll drained. There is also a tne gon De worked down in as fine
Urge acreage of dyke lands which condition as possible in the spring
art capable of producing large jn oro;er that as much moisture as
onantltles of cabbage in profitable possible may be retained for the
yields.-Soils which are high in or- crop during the summer. The cost
rinlC mailer ui uuu; v 1 i oi sou preparation u noi
lar cabbages which gives a 8iTe and if more time were put on
tnis pnase or tne worK Detter re
sults would be obtained.
After the time of transplanting
in the latter part of June, the soil
should be constantly stirred to
keep a light mulch on the surface
or stirred as soon as the ground is
in working condition after a rain.
tons before expenses for growing
are paia. Average returns are us
ually from 10 to 18 tons per acre.
Some yields from 20 to 25 tons
per acre are sometimes reported,
hut these are obtained only under
Cost of Production The vari
ous items in producing cabbage
will total from $75 to $90 per
acre. Some of the least expensive
items are the most important,
such as seed, preparation of
ground and the growing and set
ting of the plants. Especially im
portant is the question of the
strain of seed that one obtain, in
growing the crop. The price for
sufficient seed for an acre is noth
ing compared with the results that
are obtained where one uses r
high yielding strain.
got, the flea beetle, the cut worm,
grass hopper, cabbage aphis, and
slugs or snails. The department
of entomology of the Oregon Agri
cultural College has a complete
list of sprays and dusts that can bo
used Icr successfuli combatting
the various sucking and chewing
inserts. This may be obtained from
the College Exchange. It is ordi
nariHy impossible to successfully
giow a crop of cabbage unless one
fUhts these pests or m some cases
the soil conditions may be of such
a character as to produce a very
rjpid growth in which ca.-e the
growth of the plant may bo so
rapid as to offset the work of the
! Bulletins Available on Other
Vegetable Crops Besides these
note? on the cultivation of late
Mill IP RTMirn
Accident Board Turns Down
Request For Lower Rates
-Injects Affecting Cabbage and cabbage, gardeners may obtain
Control of Same There are quite
a number of important insects
that feed on the cabbage and in
most cases these can be success
fully controlled. The insects of
greatest importance are the green
cabbago worm, the cabbage mas-
notes on other important vegeta
bles as asparagus, tomatoes, rhu
barb, cauliflower, broccoli, etc.
These pamphlets may be obtained
by writing to the College Ex
chance. C'orvallis, Oregon.
OUR UNCLE SAMUEL TELLS US HOW
RAISE CABBAGE III OUR GARDENS
keavy v tonnage. uannage lanaa
.hould oreferably be free from
acidity, applications of lime cor
recting this conaiuon in me
ti i not wise to plant cabbage on
land which has a steep slopo or
which has been farmed for a long
time to various Jtlnds of field
erop8.'tbe fertility ot which land,
therefore, is somewhat ran down.
The siccess In growing the crop
Is largely dependent upon the
mnnnt Of available moisture in
the aoil, and hence where there is
bo posiibility of Irrigation especial
care must be exerciseu tn
tnt lands for this crop.
Varieties and Plant Growing
rnithe main fall and winter crob
Danish Ball Head Is best Oregon
grown strains of this rariety seem
t xi mnerior results as com.
pared with those from imported
feeds. ' Danish Round Head Is an
Late Cabbage May Be Planted July First in Some Sec
tions and Mature Solid Heads Before the Storms of
NEW ACT IS BENEFICIAL
Employers Affected Are
Lumber Manufacturers in
1916, was $509,597.12. The total
cost of accidents to em ployes of
firms in the same group was
$445.8c.76. leaving a balance of
$63,716.36, or about 12 per cent
of the receipts.
I Severn v (iet Reduction
.. ' ...
u was louna. under tne new
amendments effective July 1, next,
that of 9 5 employers in the dis
trict making payments during the
present year, 70, or 73 per cent,
will have reductions as follows:
"1 tirms, 30 per cent; tour iirma.
25 per qent; nine firms, 20 per
cent; 4 firms. 15 per cent and two
firms, 10 per cent. The remaining
firms wll have increases as fol
lows: Four firms. 5 per cent: two
firms, 10 per cent and 19 firms,
15 per cent.
Reference was also made to the
fact that as the rate for the year
commencing July 1, next, is de
termined by the accident experi
ence of the individual firm during
the past five years, this will con
tinue to be a potent factor in
maintaining a reduced rate for
ticket for Chicago sold him the
ticket the agent was told the man
was a leper, and also the conduc
tor on the train was informed that
he was allowing passage to a lep
er. The opinion is in reply to at
inquiry by Secretary Strieker of
the state board of health who
wanted to know If the railroad
would be liable under the law
Can any dear reader recUe tbe
thtrd verse of the "Star Spangled
Ban.n er" ? '
3a. Myjj -fr te J y, ' 1 1 - ' ' " -.
The req-icst of employers en
gaged in lumber operations in
eastern Oregon that their insur
ance tates under the workmen's
compensation act be reduced has
ucfc-i denied by the state industrial
accident commission. In a letter
forwarded Tuesday the commis
sion points out that the amend-
Law is Violated by Road
In Transporting Leper
The Southern Pacific Railroad
company violated the law in trans
porting a man afflicted with lep-
rrwv fmm Crra Tlo.. tn Tsrttn1
mmit In tha air i,ffn,.lho In v 1 i J
TransDlanting From the Seed
Ped to the Field This work
kbould be done preferably in cool
weather. The plants are best
when about six inches high, al
though it is better to observe good
weather conditions rather than the
site of the plants as to a definite
height,' The season of the year at
which the cabbage plants are set
in the field Is usually about the
20th to the 25th ot June, np to
the first of July, depending upon
the weather conditions and the
moisture in the soil. If the weather
i. Ar ami sAttlAri It vnnld be best
early strain of Danish Ball Head. to get jne pianta in the afternoon
One ot the best varieties for home I h..innln. -f.r three o'clock. The
- use tor winter Is the Olant Green plant8 ghonld be protected from
savoy, woicn is an eBi"j tne hot sun an(j before Deing uiiea
eeDeat eabhae lor coia siaw ana f the bed ghouoid be
tor eooklne. ' 1 rhnrmi ffhlv wetted down In order
Methods ox want growing vary .,- nme noil mav adhere to the
WMiderabiy witn mamauai grow- rootB Ag far as to the distance
en.' IB Order that the plants may ..... ?ft nlants is concerned
becnltivated and kept clean when u g cgtomary to have the rows
n the seed bed. tbe seed should aDOUt threB feet apart andthe
U sown about May 1 in well pre- -abbaee plants about 30 to 36
und out door beds. In some lo- inches aoart in the rows. For
ealitles the seed is sown broadcast Bmall to medium heads tbe rows
which is more difficult to do prop- may be, three feet apart and the
eriy than sowing the seed In piants set from 20 to 24 inches
straight rows. Seed which is sown apart In the rows. The dletanco
iroadcast should be on as clean apart the plants will he set will
jrond as possible, otnerwise me depend very largely upon tne rer
plaata cannot be cultivated or tllity of the ground and the abll
weeded out. The soil In either ty to hold moisture during the
ems should be worked down fine summer time.
and smooth following which the Cultivation Cabbage land
e can be drilled in thinly so should ha a light mulch during
that the plants will afterwards the summer which Is kept npby
itiad about an inch apart In the cultivation every 12 or 14 days or
row. and tbe rows from eight to more often If there be summer
tea Inches aDart. Crowding of the showers. There will be very little
flint In the " rows causes a re- hand work necessary In hoeing.
itrlcted growth or the roots ana
(The following is the matter
under the heading of Cabbage in
"The City Home Garden." being
Farmers' bulletin 1044 of the
t'nited States Department of Ag
"Early Cabbage Only a few
heads of early cabbage should be
grown in a small city garden.
The plants should be started in
doors, but may be set in the gar
den nuite early If hardened off
littl before setting them. In ; inches apart in tne row. caDDage
certain sections of the south, es- ' may be Btored in a cool, dry. well
pecially near the seacoast, the ventilated cellar or Dunea in an
early varieties of cabbage may be j outdoor pit in the garden."
ttarterf In October, slanted out in i (The fcaiem slogan eauor can
Vovember. and matured in April ; testify that all of the loregoing
or May of the following spring. 1 will apply to the Salem distrist, as
The Jersey Wakefield and the well as to any part oi tne souin
rhariontnn Wakefield are the i or north, as to tne growing oi
leading early varieties. They may early or late caooage; or win ap-
be set In rows 24 to 30 inches ply tetter. it lanes corner w-eamer
apart and 15 Inches apart in the than we have here more than
row ! once In three generations to kill
Late Cabbage Late cabbage 1 cabbage.)
can be planted between the rows
of early potatoes or after snap
beans, so that double service may
be obtained from the soil. Late
cabbage may be re-planted July
1 in some sections of the north
and will form solid heads before
the weather becomes cold enough
to injure the crop. The late Flat
Dutch, Danish Baldhead and Co
ppiihagen are among the best late
varieties. They should be planted
ii. rows 26 inches apart and 18
next, automatically adpusting the
rates, within certain limits, of in
dividual employers will afford a
reduction in rate of from 10 to 30
per cent, to 73 per cent of the
lumber operations in Eastern
Oregon now under the law.
Industrial Cost Letts
In addition, the commisison re
fers to the reductions in wages
that have taken place and states
that the cost ot the insurance to
the employers is reduced in the
same proportion, although the
cost of compensation to injured
workmen only partially follows
The study made by the commis
sion shows that the total net pay
ments from employers and work
men in lumber operations in that
part of the state since July 1.
g to an opinion of Attor
ney General Van Winkle, for the
reason that when the agen at
Eugene where tne man bought a
THE eMl OF THE MI CROP
OF CABBAGE. BY PROF. BOUQUET
Some Valuable Suggestions to Farmers and Gardeners
Who Wish to Raise a Good Quality and a Large Ton
nage to the Acre Given By This Authority on Gard
ening of the Oregon Agricultural College.
To Eastern Points Through
CANADIAN PACIFIC R0KIES
Tickets on sale June 1st to August
15th inclusive. Limit three months
from date of sale, with final return
limit October 31st. For full particu
lars write, telephone, or call at office.
E. E. Penn, General Agent,
55 Third St., Portland, Oregon
C tf &VAVAVA C
' ; -I
a' -r i -at. am a
Pierce-Arrow Furniture at Ford Prices Is What
REALLY OFFERS, AS HUNDREDS HAVE AL
READY LEARNED. OUR STOCK CONSISTS OF
HIGH GRADE, DEPENDABLE MERCHANDISE,
THE OUTPUT OF AMERICA'S BEST FACTORIES,
REFLECTING IN ITS CONSTRUCTION ART CRAFT
AND EXPERT WORKMANSHIP. THE UNEQUALED
ASSORTMENT AND VARIETY OF STYLE OFFERS
EXCEPTIONAL SELECTION WHILE OUR READ
JUSTMENT SALE PRICES ARE MOST ATTRACT
IVE. DURING THE REMAINDER OF OUR SALE
WE WILL OFFER '
there will be a less stocky top. It
b nsaally advisable to : make at
feast two sowings of seed, the one '
about May 1 and another one
bont ten days or two weeks later,
hi srder that there may be plenty
of slants for use In an emergency.
Thi teed should be covered only
lightly, not. more than one-half an
lock. It is best to sow cabbage
e4 after a rain rather than be
lors a heavy rain because of the
ossikillty- of the land being
pMksd together it the rain fol
io! Hhe seeding. It is best to
.ow about twice the amount of
d as will ordinarllly be re
ttlred so that about one-half of
: pound of seed should be sown
tortvery acre of cabbage which Is
Jpected to be set. If there is a
wrpltti of plants these can usu
!y be sold and there is a much
btter chance of making a good
Section of good healthy stocky
ts if there are a large number
Hants from which to choose.
totr Preparation and Fertilita
tl0 Cabbage land should be fall
plowed It possible and allowed to
Harvesting and Marketing In
marketing the cabbage crop it is a
good thing lo divide up the land
so that a wagon road may be laid
out in order that the cabbage may
be quickly loaded from the field
Into the wagon. The demand on
the market Is usually for four or
five-pound cabbage. Solidity of
heads Is also an important fac
tor in tho question of marketing.
If the cabbage is going to be sold
to a contractor it may stand in the
field longer than if it is going to
be sold on tbe open market. Also
there is very little necessity for
Trading if the cabbage is to be sold
to the factory, but where the cab-
bare is to be sold in the fresh
state on tho market it Is neces
sary to have the beads- graded for
site. Canneries and kraut lac
torles usually' will contract on an
average price of from ?12 to $15
Yield of Cabbage per Acre
This factor will depend very
largely on the soil conditions and
the earn that has been given to
the crop. It Is necessary that cab
bage land yield from six to seven
DATES OF SLOGANS IN DAILY STATESMAN
: (In Twice-a-Week Statesman Following Day)
l2aaberrles, Oct. 7.
Pruned Oct. n.
Pitrytag, Oct. 21.
filbert, Nov. 4.
Wilnnta, Nov. 11.
lrwberries. Nor. 18.
Wles. Nov. i5.
Raspberries, Dec. t.
reatC0W Dec. H.
- rk.krrles. Dee. 23.
Cherriea, Dec. 30.
eaiVJan. 6. 1921.
lJ.ueb?rr,es and Currants. Jan.
lnacb., Feb. 3.
Oniona, Feb. 10.
Potatoes, Feb. 17.
JJ'nlng;- March 3.
Cotta, March 10.
5caP, March 17.
raved highways. March 24.
SUos, AprU 7.
Legumes. April 1 4.
Asparagus, April 21.
April 21. .
Drug, gtarden. May 5.
Sugar beetH. May 12.
Sorghum, May 19.
rahhaee. Mar 26.
Pmiitrv and Pet Stock, June 2.
Land. June 9.
Dehydration. June 16.
lions. June 23.
Tirhniovnle and Jobbing. June
Cucumbers, July 7.
Tfnra Jlilv 14.
nt ' rtpa.itiful. flowers and
bulbs. July 21.
Schools, July 28.
Sheep, Aug. 4.
National-Advertising. Aug. 11
Seeds. Aug. 18.
Livestock. Aug. 25.
Automotive Industry, Sept. 1.
Grain and Grain Products,
Manufacturing. Sept. 15.
Woodworking and other things,
Paper Mill. Sept. 29.
-w nt Saiflm RlocanXnroduced from mature
(The following, on "Growing
the Main Crop of Cabbage, ia
by A. G. B. Bouquet, professor of
gardening at the Oregon Agricul
tural college, written primarily
for this week's issue of the Pal-
clfic Homestead, the farm paper
published from The Statesman
The northwestern states are na
tural cabbage growing sections,
and there is as fine cabbage
grown In Oregon as can be pro
duced anywhere in the world-
There is a very big difference
in cabbage. Just as there is in
bogs. A lot of cabbage that Is
grown is not worthy of the name
just as some hogs are razor
backs. Many fields of cabbage
are unprofitable, even if there is
a fairly good market price, be
cause of poor seed strains, miss
ing plants, poor plants, insect
eaten plants. Inferior soil, lack
of soil moisture, etc. All of these
things, enter Into the question of
cabbage profits or losses.
How High Tonnage Is Determined
Cabbage to be profitable must
return a high tonnage per acre.
This tonnage is obtainable by
having a good seed strain grown
on good laud. It costs almost as
much to grow and market an
eight-ton crop as it does 12 to 15
tons. In many cases the lower
yield per acre can be traced to
the lack of solidity of the heads
and lark of uniformity of plants
in the field. The seed strain and
the time and manner of plant
setting determine those things.
When ybu get heads in each
row that are consistently hard,
one after the other, uniform in
size and shape, yon can count on
it that there is a high class seed
strain back of that field and
Choice of varieties is nothing,
in my estimation, unless it is ac
companied by some consideration
of the strain or the variety, Two
of onr best Oregon strains ar?
personal, home grown selections,
having Ball Head characters,
more or less, but yet having defi
nite characters which make them
difitinrf from regular Danish Ball
Head strains, good ai that vari
ety may be.
Some cabbage fields one sees
j.re plainly grown from s-ed of
little selection, for there is a very
evident lack of uniformity in size,
shape, interior solidity and
gncral' characters. Good, care
fully 'selected, acclimated .see?.
editions of The Daily
Statesman ari on hand; They are
Tor sale at 10c each, mallcdto
any address.) j . . . - -
other band, it Is possible to grow
a crop of cabbage from selected
seed beads that will make 95 per
cent marketable heads; in face it
is being done by some every year.
Suitable Cabbage I .ami.
Two vital things atout cabbage
soil are drainage and bumus or
organic material in the soil. Some
of our bent cabbage lands are low
lying und have bumus but lack
the drainage - Again, soil that is
so well drained as to be safe in
that respect will often lack hu
mus. Typically high yielding
cabbage land is found along the
rich bottoms of the Columbia
river, both north and aest. and
also adjacent to the Willamette
and other streams. Some splen
did cabbage is grown, for exam
rle, in the Blind Slough district
of Clatsop county because of the
naturally large amount of humus
Consequently it Is plain that
where moisture ran be well held
in the summer and humus hi na
turally in the soil or can be sup
Ilied through manure or a le
gume, cabbage should thrive.
It is usually the custom to seed
during May in seed bed rows
wide enough to permit of hand
cultivation. By this time all seed
will have been planted.
Insects may affect the seed bed.
such as aphis, green worms and
maggots. Dust the plants for the
first two and give the beds, if
possible, a good drenching with
bichloride of mercury solution
for the maggots.
Fertilizers for the CaT)ge Soil.
Besides manure, which should
be applied in the spring. If well
rotted, some commercial fertili
zer is usually beneficial in stim
ulating a larger growing plant
with greater solidity of the head
I would recommend a complete
fertilizer having not less than
to 3 per cent of nitrate, to 10
per cent phosphoric acid and
to .". per cent potash; 600 to S00
pounds of this per acre is recom-
mendable. How the feltilizer
would be applied depends on the
amount of cabbage grown. A local
aDDlioation to each plant would
be permissible on a small scale
or a broadcasting for cabbage on
a larger scale. Some have used
land latiter with good result
using 'lf0 pounds por acre. t.own
broadcast and harrowed In.
at Special Reduction for this week
Genuine Leather Upholstered
Buy it this week at
Regular $110.00 Wayne
Terms if Desired
Oregon which have been Individually
chosen, will not produce an ir
regnlar looking cabbage patch
such as just mentioned. On the
Hob Do you exercise before or
after your bath in the morning?
Matty After. I usually step
on the coap when I get out of the
Should take advantage of
our Free offer of a $10
Mattress with Home
WICKER DOLL CART
Regular 30c Itottle
Regular $5.50 Mahogany
COIL WIRE SPRING
Regular $7.50 Solid
Regular $5.00 Bread and
BOYS' and GIRLS'
Upholstered Seat and
Solid Oak 8 ft. Extension
Special, This Week
OPAL RANGE T
Polished Top, Nickel Base, large OreiC
If Sold This Week - J
A beauty and a bargain, now
frice special for this week, only -