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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (May 12, 1921)
T1IE OURGON -STATESMAN. 8ALIEM, OftEGOff ' TimRSDAY MORNING, M .
The Great Salem Fruit District Should Grow Sugar Beets and Establish a
Maintain a Beet-Sugar Factory, and This Can Be Done WithJGood: Returns
:, - "
1 II E SUPPLY OF
fffi BEETS GROWN IN THE
Prof. Hyslop of the Oregon Agricultural College Said
Over the Phone Yesterday Afternoon That This Has
, Been Successfully Done Here in the Willamette Val
ley, and The Statesman is Promised Data on the
Matter for Future Issues. - t im fc1AiIk
" Fanners' Bulletin 823 of the i
.. . ci.tui nensrtmpnl nf A r-!
VBiiea Dl ' '
rteoltare tell how to grow sugar
beets from the garden and de
Kribes a simple process of mak
ing from them a ia:atable and
nutritious Utle syrup with a
The Salem slogan editor has at
tempted, in the past week, to llnd
ome one ho has done this suc
eewfully In the Salem district. A
letter to the Oregon Agricultural
Culled fained no response; pro-
Ublr weal astray.
go, yesterday afternoon, the Sa
le slogan editor phoned to O.
R. Hyslop profesHOr of farm croi-s
it that institution. Prof. Hyslop
Mid over the phone that there
tTt been some successful experi
ments hr Willamette' valley peo
pl in the making of beet syrup.
Ha said be would make Inquir
ies sad get data at once; so that
is the Salem slogan issue of next
week or the week following
mors Uaely the Utter there will
be something more along this
line. -. :
The Statesman will be glad to
set any Information on this sub
ject from any reader from any
lit is Important
' If .our people can make their
ova iyrap at home from tugar
beets grown In their gardens,
they ibould do so, by all means. It
ihonld be done generally. It will
lead to' the building here of a
beet sugar factory, perhapssoon
er than such an enterprise could
be secured otherwise. '
Aayvay. the sugar beets should
be planted, for there can be ho
loa. si turar beets are as food
forknman food and stock feed as
any other variety 01 peeis.
U - . -s -
mreular 101 of Oregon Agrl
ealtsral college, on "The Prepa
ration of " Syrup from ; Sugar
TtMts.w.lnr R. H. Robinson, assist
sat chemist, referred to the above
mentioned U. S. Department or
At rknlture . Farmers' . Bulletin
82J. is In part as follows: )
T1i nrinaratlon of syrttO frOPt
Tiff ht rrovn In the state
of Oregon has In the. past been
unsuccessful, due to the fact that
tbe produet obtained had av strong
beety flavor which maue n
sUble and unfit for table use.
These attempts." however, have
been made by various individuals
11 AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE
' OiJ SUGAR BEET GROWING HERE
Our Farmers Need Such a Crop to Keep up the Fertility
I Of the Soil, and Sugar Beets Fit into a Proper Ro
I tation Very Well, and, With Factories to Furnish a
Market, Would Be Profitable for Our Growers.
? (Following Is Circular 23. be
ing the regular bulletin on sugar
Beet growing in Oregon by the
Oregon Agricultural college, the
lutnor being O. R. Hyslop. profes
sor of ;farm' crops, and the date
being April of last year:)
f Sugar is one of our Important
articles of diet. According to sta
tistics of 1810, the average per
capita consuuTtion In tbe United
States was 79.9 pounda. From in
terior roots having 2 to 4 per
ent sugar with a low coefficient
of parity tbey have been develpp
ed to as high as 25 per cent of
sugar with a coefficient of purity
above 80 per cent.
Comparative world total pro
duction of beet sugar and cane
agar in metric tons is as follows:
la 1830 beet 50.000 cane 1,100.
000; In 110, beet 8.503,970, cane
8.(68.814. Germany. Russia.
Austria Hungary, France and the
United States are leading produc-
DATES OF SLOGANS IN
(In Twjce-a-Week Statesman Following Day)
loganberries, Oct. 7.
Prunes, Oct. 14.
Dairying, Oct, 21.
flax, Oct. 28.
Filberts, Nov. 4.
Walnuts, Nov. 11.
Strawberries. Nov. 18.
Apples, Nov. 5.
Raspberries, Dec. 2.
Mint, Dec. 9.
Great cows, Dee. 18.
Blackberries, Dec. 23.
Cherries, Dec. 30.
Pears. Jan. 6. 1921.
Gooseberries and Currants, Jan.
Corn. Jan. 20.
Celery, Jan. 27.
Spinach, Feb. 3.
Onions, Feb. NK
Potatoes. Feb. 17.
Bees. Feb. 24.
Mining, March 3.
Goats, March 10.
Beans, March 17.
Paved highways, March 24.
Broccoli, Marcr 31.
Silos. April 7.
Legumes, April 14.
. Asparagus, April 21.
Grapes, April 28. . u
throughout the state of OregoF
In which tha Uni .liui.
in which the sugar beet was sliced
or ground and extraction of sugar
made by boiling lv water. Up un
til the present time no experimen
tal attempt has been made in Ore
gon to prepare the syrup free
from this beety, acid flavor.
Owing to the great neec. caused
by the recent World war. of util
llzng all available foodstuffs, the
bureau of chemistry and plant in
dustry, co-operating, has devised
a method of obtaining the Eugar
by extraction of the sugar beet
and favorable results are publish
ed in Farmers' Bulletin 82 J- U. S.
Department of Agriculture.
Summarizing brle-Ty, this bul
letin states that the sugar beet
may be grown in any locality
which has tillable soil that Is cap
able of producing a good crop ot
vegetables. A small piece ot
ground Is sufficient for planting
a few rows of beets and a success
ful crop may be obtained by even
tbe most amateur gardener. All
sugar beets, if properly handled,
will produce syrup.
After the sugar teet has grown
to maturity, the method of ex
tracting the syrup Is as follows:
The first step consists of topping
and cleaning the sugar beets. Es
pecial care should be taken that
all soil and foreign material
should be removed from the "beets
by scrubbing them well. The
crowns are then cat off at 'se
point beneath the lowest leaf
-scar. This Is very important and
the reason for so doing Is that
tbe crown or upper part of the
beet contains a larg? part of tile
salts taken from the soil In the
process of growth which, i! not
entirely removed, will Impart to
the syrup the strong beety flavor.
The beets are then sliced very
thin and allowed to aoak in hot
water for several hours., maintain
ing the temperature at near bon
ing as possible. The water is
then drained off tho beet slices
and boiled until the syrup is or
a desired thickness. While tne
boiling is progressing, a scum will
rise on the surface of the liquid:
this scum should be -carefully re
moved by means of a skimmer as
it also contains some ot the sub
stances that Impart that strong
beet flavor. The syrup thus ob
tained should be a wholesome and
palatable product, fit for table
ers of beet sugar in
Here in this section, we have
for a long time needed some cul
tivated crop in order to give
the benetlta derived from inter
tillage on the lands which have
been producing little but cereals
and certain types of hay. Suc
cessful beet sugar culture means
tillage and that the crops must
be rotated, because sugar beets
grown alone rapidly decline in
yield, while on the other hand
various crops grown in a rotation
with sugar beets are usually
greatly benefitted by the care-
fut culture wmcu mu, uu
a paying crop of beets. The.16
that tbe land is carefully hoed
and cultivated throughout the
summer, that it Is occupied by
very deep rooted plant, and that
the soli Is deeply stirred in the
nmr garden. May 5
Sugar beets. May 12.
Sorghum, May 19.
Cabbage, May 26.
Poultry and Pet Stock. June 2.
Land. June 9.
Dehydration. June 18.
Hops. June 23.
Wholesale and Jobbing. June
Cucumbers, July 7.
Hogs, July 14.
otv Beautiful, flowers
bulbs. July 21.
Schools. July 28.
ok a ati A nr. 4.
National Advertising, Aug. 11.
Seeds. Aug. 18.
Livestock. Aug. 25.
Automotive Industry, Sept. l.
Grain and Grain Products,
Woodworking and other things,
Paper Mill. Sept, 29.
IBack copies of Salem Slogan
editions of The Dally Oregon
Statesman are on.bspd-Tbef
for sale at 10c each, mallei to
fall in harvesting the beets makes
the crop a particularly desirable
one to includein a rotation.
Sugar beets fit into rotation
very well. Systems may be used,
usually consisting of sugar beets
one year, followed by fall-sown
cereal, such as wheat, oats or
barley on which clover is seeded
in February. The clover may be
left one or. in some cases, two
years and then be plowed up and
the field again put into sugar
beets. We need, in the Willam
ette valley, cultivated crops for
our rotations; yet there are but
few cultivated crops that can be
grown on an extensive basis that
will yield cash and give desirable
results. We have a few crops
which are ordinarily cultivatd
and these include corn, kale, man
gels and potatoes. There is only
a limited use for each of these
as cash products, with the possi
ble exception of the potatoes. It
is, therefore, desirable to Intro
duce some deep-rooted root crop
capable of improving tbe physical
condition of the soil and at the
same time giving a valuable cash
return. About the best crop that
presents itself under these cir
cumstances is the sugar beet.
As a plant, it is adapted to
rather warm, sunny sections that
are well supplied with moisture.
It has long been known that the
success of sugar beet culture de
pends to a considerable extent
upon the sunlight of the locality
and it is therefore usually not a
good plan to attempt to grow
beets In sections where there is a
large amount of summer cloudi
ness. It has also been stated that
sugar beets are great removers of
soil fertility, and it is true that
considerable amounts of nitrogen
and potash are taken away but,
if on the other hand, the sugar
beet pulp is brought back from
the factory and fed to the stock
there Is practically none of this
fertility which escapes. Also, if
sugar beets are grown in a good
rotation with clover, it is very
likely that the fertility conditions
of the soil will Improve rather
than ran down as a result of the
culture of this cropt The other
and most desirable feature of the
sugar beet crop, aside from its
being a cultivated one. is that it
means a coniderable cash return
for each acre In beets if (hat acre
Is properly handled. The- yield
of beets varies from ten tons per
acre up to, in some cases as much
as 16 to 20 or more tons, when
grown under very favorable con
ditions and if yields of 12 tons
or better are secured, there Is
money In the culture of sugar
On tbe other band, there are
certain obstacles to overcome and
certain factors which may appear
to be disadvantageous to this In
dustry. In the first place, it re
quires a considerable amount of
capital to build and to operate
the factory and to provide work
ing capital for growers of the sug
ar beets. This large amount of
capital is in active use only for a
relatively short season as the sug
ar making campaign does not nor
mally extend over from ninety to
one hundred and twenty days.
However, numerous factories at
places where beets are produced
successfully, have amply demon
strated that the investment Is a
paying one so the principal ob
stacle to be overcome Is that of
securing a sufficient acreage of
beets for a long enough period of
time that the plant may be as
sured of raw material on which to
work. The difficnlty is to secure
enough farmers Interested in tbe
culture of beets on a small scale
who will bring up the total acre
age to about 5000 or more acres
for the factory. It Is not advis
able to have a few with extremely
large acreages for the reason that
the crop is one with which most
farmers are not familiar and one
who has had no experience with
the crop is in great danger of fail
ure if a large acreage is under
taken. Five to ten acres the first
year is enough while one is gain
ing experience. After having
learned the ins and outs of sugar
beet culture the large acreages
may be safely tried.
The crop is an intensive one re
quiring a considerable amount of
careful hand labor and this is a
type of work which many grain
and hay growers are not accus
tomed to. It will mean tne se
curing of a considerable amount
of transient labor for such periods
as the thinning and hoeing and
the digging and topping of the
beets. In order to grow the crop
successfully and without friction
and labor troubles, it is necessary
to have a considerable amount
of working capital so that help
may be paid off promptly. It
probably costs from $60 to $90
per acre to produce the beets
and a good deal of this must be
paid out for thinning and hoeing
and the harvest time for the crop.
Our climatic conditions in gen
eral are very fevorable for the cul
ture of sugar beets In that we
may get them seeded rather early
and we have excellent growing
conditions for them during the
summer. It Is true that our long,
dry periods on the unlrrigated
soils will limit to some extent the
yield of beets unless very good
cultural methods are practiced.
unK.r m the fall. It will be nec
essary to get tbe beets dug mod
erately early In order to aroia se
rious second growth. The fall
ra'lns which come on are likely to
atart the second growth of the
beets which will lower their sugar
content and if this is carried on
to too great an extent It will make
them less valuable for manufac
turlng purposes. However, it will
be distinctly to the advantage of
the farmer, as well as the manu
facturer, to have the beets dug
reasonably early. Our season y
the middle of September la cool
enough that tbe beets will keep
very satisfactorily and If we leave
them in tbe ground until it gets
muddy, it will add materially to
the cost of harvest. Under or
dinary conditions, the beets should
be harvested by the first to tbe
middle of October not only from
tbe standpoint of avoiding serious
second growth but also to avoid
the expensive digging in the mud.
As far as climate and soil condi
tions are concerned, I believe var
ious parts of Eastern Oregon, the
Willamette valley and the South
ern Oregon section will success
fully produce them, provided prop
er cultural methods are used.
The preparation ot the soil for
sugar beets should, if possible, in
clude the turning under of a clo
ver sod which has previously been
well manured. It is tbe desire of
the sugar beet grower to produce
a large number ot the medium
sized beets and in order to do this
it is necessary to have a rich soil.
The clover sod should be plowed
under in tbe fall or early in the
spring and then a good, heavy ap
plication of barnyard manure may
be applied at the same time. If
you are in the section where there
is some necessity for re-plowing,
the application of the barnyard
manure should be made in the
spring and be plowed under later.
The sugar beet crop responds
very well to a good, rich soil and
this allows a considerably heavier
stand of plants. Ordinarily, the
seed that is supplied should be
passed over a grader which will
sort out the exceedingly large and
small seeds and which gives a
small, medium, and large sise of
seed. It Is always a good plan
to screen out the exceedingly large
seeds because they frequently clog
op the drill. Also, by eliminating
these large seeds. It is possible to
so regulate the drill that it sows
more nearly the number that are
desired. Usually fifteen pounds
per acre of common, ungraded
seed are used. Fifteen pounds
per acre of the large seed and
about ten pounds per acre of. the
medium seed and about eight
pounds per acre of the very small
seed will provide an ample stand
if the seed is good and thus grad
ed seed will save several pounds
of seed per acre
The land must be s?t har
rowed and should be carefully
leveled up by going over it with
a float before the seeding ot the
beets. The sugar beets are ordin
arily sown early but not so early
as to be caught by cool, wet grow
ing season in the spring.
Sugar beeta are usually sown in
rows from sixteen to thirty inches
apart, although the common dis
tance apart is about twenty-one to
twenty-two inches. The seeding
should take place as soon as the
ground warms up well but should
not be while the land is still cold
and wet nor should the seeding be
delayed until the dry season Is ad
vanced. Usually, the seeding in
various parts of the southern and
western Oregon sections should
take place from the first of April
up to about tbe tenth of May.
When the fourth leaf appears.
workmen with hoes pass along tbe
rows and cut strips of beets as
long as the width of their hoes
from the rows and leave the s.'n
gle plants of beets where possible
or blocks of beets sometimes as
much as two inches In length,
then cut out another strip and so
on. This leaves the single beets
or blocks of beets at intervals of
about ten to fourteen inches and
usually small boys or girls, work
ing on their hands and knees as
tride the rows, pull all but the
strongest beet. This leaves the
thinned beet in the row at about
ten to fourteen inches apart.
Great care must be taken to avoid
palling all ot the block ot beets
and also to be sure that the entire
beeta are removed by the pulling
process. If the tops only are re
moved, the roots will again sprout
up and thinning will not have
been accomplished. The thinning
must be done before the beets get
large as the cost of thinning after
the fourth leaf has appeared' very
rapidly increases with the devel
opment ot the roots.
Immediately after thinning, the
land should be carefully cultivat
ed, using a fine tooth type of cul
tivator which will stir up the soil
without covering tbe beets. In
many instances. It is necessary to
use fenders to prevent the soil
covering up the small plants.
From this time on, as frequently
as necessary to maintain a good
mulch, and to keep the weeds in
check, a cultivation should be
given until the leaves get so large
that tbe cultivator and tbe tramp
ing of the horses will break them
off. As the season advances, there
will be some weeds between the
rows which cannot be gotten by
the cultivator and these will ne
cessitate more or less hand hoe
ing. Late in the fall, experts from
the sugar factory examine the
beets and determine their sugar
content in order to find out if
they may be profitably manufac
tured. Whenever the content of
the beet reaches that point that
profitable manufacture may take
place, notification is given the
farmer to begin digging. Tbe
beets are lifted by a beet digging
machine and are usually packed
up and thrown into piles where
they may be topped by band.
The beet is grasped in one band
and tbe top is cut off at the lower
edge of the leaf scars, by means
of a short, rather heavy knife.
Tbey are then thrown in-piles on
pieces of ground that have been
raked smooth and free from
trash. The beet tops are usually
piled up also to that tbey may be
available for feeding purposes.
Beet forks are used to scoop the
topped roots off the ground into
wagons and they are then hauled
to the dump or to the factory.
At tbe loading station or at the
factory, the beets are examined
BROCCOLI T1 HAS MESSAGE
He Tells the Members That
Get Out Their Seed and
Care Properly for it A
To Talk About Setting
A 8 tbe time is now at hand
for sowing broccoli seed, too
much care caan6t be taken in the
planting and care of this delicious
I have disco verd many vital
points of the culture and value ot
broccoli, and It is ail free for the
asking, and surely the editor of
The Statesman is deserving of
much credit for the way he has
handled the business through his
Now It is up to every member
of the Salem Broccoli association
to make good.
It you haven't called on Secre
tary V. J. Lehman, 267 South
Church street. Salem, for your
seed, do so at once, as I would
advise all seed to! be sown before
May 20. t
Care should be taken to have
the ground raked fine, and it
should be firm but not packed.
Care should be taken in selecting
a place to plant your seed that
chickens or any stock cannot pos
sibly get at your seed bed. Also,
in case you wanted to plant in
or near the field where you in
tend to transplant, scarecrows
should be put up to keep the
Chinese pheasants away, for they
will clean your young plants be
fore you are up In the morning.
Also, where seed is planted away
from the bouse, you will have to
combat against tbe rabbit, which
is also a great lover of broccoli.
Now it is up to each and every
as to topping and for the amount
of dirt. Usually a sample is tak
en and retopped, if that is neces
sary, and the dirt scraped off and
weighed. This gives the dirt and
topping tare which is applied to
the load as a .whole and that
amount is deducted. -
Beets are usually paid for on
the sliding scale or by the flat
rate. In the case of the flat rate,
a definite sum is paid for each
ton of beets regardless of their
sugar content, provided they are
THE HISTORY OF SUGAR AND SUGAR
AND SYRUP III GENERAL BRIEFLY TOLD
Sugars and Syrups As We Know Them Now Are Com
paratively New, and the First Beet Sugar Factory
Was Built in France in 1801; But There Are Many
Kinds of Sugars.
Sugars and syrups as we know
them are comparatively new. Beet
sugar is newer than potatoes, and
cane sugar only a little older, to
the people of Europe and America.
Sugar from the sugar cane was
probably known in China 2000
years before It was, used in Eu
rope. When merchants began to
trade in the Indies, sugar, like
spices, perfumes and other rare
and costly merchandise, was
brought to the western countries
of Europe, ans for a long time it
was used exclusclvely in the prep
aration of medicines. An old say
ing to express the lack of some,
thing very essentia was ' Like an
apothecary without sugar." Sev
eral centuries before the Chris
tian era Greek physicians knew of
sugar under the name of "Indian
salt." It was also called "honey
made from reeds." and was said
to be "like gum, white and brit
tle." But not until the middle
ages did Europeans have any clear
idea of its origin. It was con.
founded with manna or was
thought to exude from the stem of
a plant, where it dried Into a kind
of gum. When in the fourteenth
of fifteenth century the sugar
cane from India was cultivated in
northern Africa, the use of sugar
greatly increased, and as its cul
ture was extended to the newly
discovered Canary Islands and
later to the West Indies and Bra
zil, It became a common article of
food among the well to do. By
many the new food was still re
garded with suspicion. It was said
to be very heating, to be bad for
the lungs, and even to cause ap
poplexy. Honey was thought to
be more wholesome, because more
natural than the "products of
The sugar industry in what is
now the United States dates from
But the sugar consumed In this
and other countries up to 1850
was nearly all derived from sugar
cane. At the present time half the
sugar crop ot the world Is ob.
tained from the sugar beet.
It would once have seemed In
credible that the kitchen garden
should furnish a rival for the
"noble plant" that had made tbe
fortunes of Spanish and English
colonies, but tbe cultivation of the
beet for sugar has in one genera
tion shifted tbe center of the gi
gantic sugar industry from the
tropics to tbe temperate zone.
This growth has been fostered
by strange vicissitudes in tbe for
tunes of nations, such as the com.
mercial embargoes and sugar
bounties of the Xapoleonia wars,
OF 1 SALEM
it is Now Up to Them to
to Make Every Effort to
Meeting to Be Called Later
member to do his best on the
growing of plants.
I wilt call a general meeting
later, when I hope every member
will be present, and will have a
representative of Swift & Co. to
talk fertilizer, and there will be
a demonstration of plant Betting.
The date of the meeting will be
C. C. RUSSELL,
President Salem Broccoli Associ
ation. Gervais, Or.. Rt. 2. phone 3F3.
(Secretary Lehman has some
extra seed yet on hand, which will
be supplied, as long as it lasts.
to men who will plant it. There
is not a great deal of this extra
seed; and it would be well for
any reader who has not yet en
rolled, and who intends to get
into the great broccoli Industry
tbls year, to go at once and get
bis supply. The writer believes
that there will not be an ounce
of Valentine broccoli seed left
in Oregon, or available in time
for this year, after the end of
the present month. There is not
going to be anything like an
overproduction this year; for the
last ounce of seed to be had.
planted and germinated and ma
tured Into broccoli, will not make
enough to begin to supply the
demand. What may bappen next
?;ear, or In the years after tbat,
s another matter; but there is
a market for 5000 cars, against
tbe 75 to 100 cars marketed In
Oregon in February and March
of this year. Ed.)
above the medium of 12 per cent.
On the other hand, with the slid
ing scale, tbe amount paid for the
beets is proportional to the
amount of sugar which they con
tain, although beets having less
than 12 per cent sugar are rarely
used for manufacturing purposes.
There are many advantages to tbe
sale of beets on the sliding scale
basis. In proper hands, there is
money in the eulture of the inten
sive cultivated crop of sugar
and the aeolitlon of slavery In the
The real creators of the new in
dustry, however, were men of sci
entific training who solved certain
botanical and chemical problems.
In 1747 Marggraf, a chemist of
Berlin, discovered that beets and
other fleshy roots contain a crys
talllzable sugar IDENTICAL with
that of the sugar cane. In 1799
the subject was brought before
the French Academy, and in 1801
the first manufactory for beet
sugar was created.
A new stimulus was given by
the sugar bounties of Napolieon
in 1806, and methods improved
rapidly, especially in France.
There were two great difficulties;
the small percentage of sugar Irf
the beet (5 per cent), and tbe
difficulty of separating it from
many other constituents, some of
them acrid and having a very un
In 1836 it took 18 tons of beets
to produce one ton ot sugar. Now
12 per cent beets are considered
necessary for profitable manufac.
ture, and the Oregon Agricultural
College bulletin quoted in this is
sue says the sugar content runs up
to 25 per cent.
The term "sugar," as used in
this article without qualification.
means tne ordinary sugar of com
merce, the chemical name of
which is sucrose.
But there are many kinds of
sugars and syrups.
Milk contains 4 to 5 per cent
of an Important sugar milk su
gar or lactose.
Honey is a natural sugar the
most ancient used as human food.
Sinco early times the Japanese
have made a sort of sugar, called
ame, from sweet potatoes, gluti
nous millet or elutinonn ri- .nH
other products, by converting the
Biarcn tney contain Into maltose,
by the, action of an unorganized
ferment called diatase; malt or
sprouted barley being generally
used to furnish the ferment.
Then there are malt sugars and
syrups In this country; called
"malted." "predigested," etc.
There is also glycogen, or ani.
mal sugar, found in small amounts
in muscular tissue, and more
abundantly In the liver.
Saccharin, sweeter than sugar,
is not sugar at all. but a benzene
compound; commonly prescribed
In cases of diabetes to satisfy the
natural craving for sweets.
The glucose products are about
half as sweet as sugar.
Then there Is maple syrup and
surar: and It fa mai f mm
sap ot tbe butternut and birch and
many other trees, as well as from
the sugar maple trees.
Then there are tbe dextrose or
grupe sugars; many kinds, and ex
isting in and extracted from many
kinds of fruits, but of late made
mostly from grapes; and made in
many forms, as sugars and syr
ups. There is some sugar or
syrup in nearly all fruits and
flowers; and in nearly all the
sweet vegetables; even turnips.
Near Harrisburg, Linn county,
Oregon, there is a colony of Rus
sian Mennonites who make the
sugar and syrup for their own use
HUSBAND AXI) WIFE BOTH
Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Comer,
Shenandoah, Va . were both ill.
He writes: "Rheumatism and
bladder trouble was our trouble.
My wife had rheumatism in her
arms so she could not use them.
She has bad no trouble since tak
ing Foley Kidney Pills. I don't
have to get' up at night so much
since taking Foley Kidney Hills,
nor have I a weak back." Back
ache, sore, swollen or stiff mus
cles or joints, tired languid feel
ing yield quickly to - Foley Kid
ney Pills. Sold everywhere.
National Commander of For
eign War Veterans Sur
Following the convention for
the. establishment of a state' de
partment of the Veterans of For
eign Wars, at Portland Monday,
Captain Robert Q. Uoodside, na
tional commander-in-chief, wuh
his staff and guests, inspected the
Mount Scott cemetery donated for
a soldiers' memorial.
The groonds comprise five ac
res valued at $150,000, and the
state of Oregon at tbe last legis
lature appropriated $15,000 for
putting the place In shape for a
fitting memorial. Tbe city of
Portland guarantees their ade
quate maintenance on a scale com
mensurate with the great service
THE MAN WHO
and the home
saving ability. L ' .
Practically every real estate purchase
entails a considerable payment d6wn.
Systematic saving enables almost any
one to assume and meet such ark obli
gation. . .
Do YOU want a home? A savings ac
count at the United States National
Bank will make it possible. .
To Eastern Points Through
CANADIAN PACIFIC RQCKIES
Tickets on sale June 1st to August
15th inclusive. Limit three; months
from date of sale, with final return
limit October 31st. For full particu
lars write, telephone, or call at office.
E. E. Penn, General Agent,
55 Third St., Portland, Oregon
rendered by the nation's defend
ers. Work was begun Tuesday
morning in fitting the cemetery
A banquet was served at the
Hotel Benson to about 150 mem
bers and delegates, at which Col. ,
George A. White, adjutant general
of Oregon, and Col. Carle Abrams, -both
of Salem, were speakeri.
Bolton Hamble, H. O. Miller and
G. F. Hagemann, commander ot
the Salem post, were also dele
gates and visitors from Salem.
Lumber Industry al
Baker on Increase
BAKER, Or.. April 9. -Lumbering
In the vicinity of Baker In
eastern Oregon la on the increase
and local mills are rapidly em
ploying crews to operate at full -capacity.
Two of the largest
mills here are now operating, a
third Is expected to open soon and
another is said to be contemplat
ing starting operations again on
full scale. ' '
We have just added thii
Jine of world renowned
, kodaks and supplies to
our stock. .
Bring Your Films ,
;. to Us J
.All developing and print
ing work absolutely
guaranteed. . :
: . K-
16S N. ComT St., Salem--PJiona
-II - 1
SAVES MAY OWN
between the renter ;
- owner, is largelyin
. ty i i. !
7. it 14 1 1 V " l A I