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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (April 1, 1921)
FRIDAY MORNING. APRIL l. 1921
TIIE OREGON STATESMAN, SALEM, OREGON
jt Ofegoit jSiotisrottit
Issued Dally Except Monday by
. THE STATESMAN PL'HLISHINU C(M1MXV
215 S. .Commercial St., Salem, Oregon
(Portland Office, 704 Spalding Building. I'hone Main 11 16)
, j : MEMBEIl OF THE ASMH'IATED I'HKSS
. The Associated P resa Is exclusively entitled to the use for repub
lication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited
" In this paper and al o the local news published herein.
R. J. Hendricks. Manager
Stephen A. Stone. . 7 Managing Kditor
Ralph Qlder. Cashier
Frank Jaskoskl. . . 7 Manager Job Dept.
DAILY STATESMAN. served by carrier in Salem and suburbs, 15
, cents a week, C3 re.it s a month.
-DAILY 8TATKS.M AN. ry mni!. n advance. $6 a year. $3 for six
.- months, $1.50 tor ;;nc months. In Marion and Polk counties;
V; $7 & year,! ::.( for ;x months. $1.75 for three months, out
. .- . side of these conn i. ,'iien not paid in advance, 50 cents a
TtlE PACIFIC 1I0MESTKAD. il:c sreat western weekly farm paper."
. - will be sent a year t in one paying a year In advance to the
SUNDAY STATESMAN, ?l.ii a ye.ir; ?r cents for six months; 40
' cents for three monili
"WEEKLY STATESMAN, : iMi d in
: i. and Fridays, il-a year (if im;
for six months rz cen i s to.
- BusIne.H Of lice, 23.
Circulation l epai tinent. 583.
Job Department, 583.
Society Editor, 106.
Entered at the postofflce In Salem, Oregon, as second class matter,
"We have become accustomed to speak of capi
tal and labor as though they comprised two distinct
species of humanity.
"We. think of rthem as being eternally at cross
"As, a matter of fact, the only progress ever
made in business and industry has been during the
periods of harmonization, even though at times such ,
unity of action was forced and artificial.
"Most people are both laborers and capitalists.
Any man who works, whether it be with his brain or
his arms, is a laborer, and any man who saves mon
ey and puts it to good use is a capitalist.
"There have been radicals and malefactors who
have committed crimes in the name of labor and de
predations under. the banner of capital. They have
done incalculable damage to both interests.
"It .is hard to overcome human selfishness.
What one man regards as his 'rights' is often re
garded by the other fellow as a crowning act of in
justice." Thrift Magazine.
A-v - ,
The above is very well put
, i And, in reprinting it, The Statesman wishes to reinforce
what Jt has said and repeated many times in favor of com
plete cooperation and absolute industrial peace in Salem
- ? Not in favor. of low scales; not in favor of starvation
wages-- , ; ' . ,
r 5ut in favor of, complete understandings all around, in
order that there may be harmony and good will; looking to
stability and progress for all concerned and the city and the
community as a whole. . :
y .7 i With such a spirits and with full assurance of Jta contin
uance, in fact, the employees of
er wage scales than rule in cities and communities of this
size where there is dissatisfaction, and misunderstandings
and a general feeling of uncertainty, on the part of both em
ployers and employed, A satisfied man is worth more than a
dissatisfied one, and a business in which all engaged are con-
fident and harmonious will prosper more than one in which
' there is dread and fear and general lack of confidence.
V V 7 - , . -7. I:
t It is now claimed that it is possible to make milk out of
equal parts of ground raw peanuts and pulverized oatmeal.
Anybody can make it at home, so they say. That combina
tion might have some of the properties of milk, but it is not
milk axd would not be in a thousand years. There is nothing
to take the place of milk. And there can be no perfectly
healthy children or old people without milk; and the world
has never had a virile race that lacked milk, and never will.
. Boost broccoli.
The naval ; program is coins;
rlcht on In Japan. She must be
affald of Korea.
Get the broccoli Industry to co
ins: It will then take care of It
elf and solve a lot of prob
A New York railway magnate
aay that, too much money Is a
tad thine. Bat how much is
nooch? ' ;
Don't know that we should care
to come back to this earth a.mil
llonf yean from now only to see
how ignorant we were. And pos
p THE NEW DISC BOWL of the
UNITED STATES CREAM SEPARATOR
, ' 'ZBcst ever ecn ..
; ; ;o , ; iff skimming clean."
?en perfected and so simplified in construction
that it is the easiest , to care for and is unsurpassed
in skimming qualities. Bowl spindle is detached,
v Discs are exactly alike, unnumbered and therefore
-. . . - y
On perfected Due BowL
'wo Mix-page sections. Tuesdays
paid in advance. $1.25); 50 cents
Salem can afford to pay Kigl-
sibly Bryan would be still trying
to reform the Democratic party.
Silo slogan next week. , The
camcaien for silos must eo on un
til there la a silo on every farm
and two or more on many of
Six hundred million dollars In
the shape of income and profits
tax were paid into the United
States treasury up to last Satur
day night. All to make the world
safe for democracy.
It has been figured out that
the college girl of today is an
Inch taller than the college girl
A patented transfer .device
for easy handling and washing
of the discs and two simple tools
for opening and closing the bowl
are labor savers.
The cream regulating de
vice is easily adjusted for any
desired density of cream.
You are invited to a free dem
onstration of the superior points
found in the New United States
Disc Bowl Separator.
Come and See
fihlp Vn Your Cream
Marion Creamery & Produce Co
Phone CK8 Salem. Ore.
of 1860. Probably that is the
reason we make so much more
No ODe who is at all Interested
siiould miss the broccoli meet'tig
at the Salem ('ummorciul dub
room tomorrow evening.
A summer rate to the east is
asked of the transcontinental
I ail ways. Some inducement must
h offered to get the folks to
leave Oregon, even temporarily.
in seme parts of the country
workmen are voluntarily reducing
their wages. The millennium Is
not so far away as some folks
KILKSI.VS ItKFKHKXIU M.
Self-determination in I'pper Si
lesia has resulted in a German
victory, the majority of resident"
in the territory having decjded
that they prefer the new GerShan
republic to the republic of Po
land. The result will Le a severe
blow to the patriotic Poles who
sought to retain I'pper Silesia in
their new commonwealth both for
sentimental and economic reas
ons. The territory belonged to
the ancient kingdom of Poland
before it was dismembered by
three greedy neighbors. Russia
Prussia and Austria; and it con
tains one of the richest mineral
and industrial districts in Cen
While it must be plain to all
who are not blinded, by blood
or national prejudice that the
plebiscite was unfair to the Poles,
it is equaly true that to have tak
en that district, developed by
German capital and industry,
away from the German nation
would also have been unfair. I
was a case where two national
rights clashed and about the only
decision that the peace confer
ence .could make was to permit
the residents of the disputed ter
ritory to decide.
While the territory was for 200
years a part of ancient Poland.
!t has been annexed for 150 year?
to the kingdom of Prussia, and
as Prussian territory it became
a part of the German empire. At
ieast 100,000 Poles emigrated
from Silesia to the United States,
seeking to escape from political
and industrial oppression. As a
people without a country the
Poles scattered far and wide. Dur
ing the same period the rich min
eral deposits of Silesia attracted
Prussian investors and their ex
ploitation brought hundreds of
thousands of German workers
with their families into the coun
try. The Polish population dwin
dled as the German population
grew; and it is not surprising
that, at the end of 150 years,
those of German birth or par
entage should hare been in the
- In great part, the wrong com
tnitted a century and a half ago
was Irreparable. Some of the
political crimes of the past "are,
without remedy, and one of the
greatest of these committed od
European soJf was the dismem
berment of Poland.
The plebiscite, however, does
not definitely fix the boundaries
between Germany and Poland. It
was ordered by the peace con
ference for the purpose of get
tinv a general expression of the
people; but it does not follow that
because a majority in the district
voted for Germany the Polish
nation shall be deprived of the
great treasure house which is sc
necessary to its industrial pros
perity. The new Polish republic
will be left practically without a
fuel supply If the coal fields of
Upper Silesia are awarded to
Germany. Poland will be an in
dustrial nation, and to deprive it
of. the fuel and raw material ne
cessary for its industries will be
to rob It of the sustenance that
is as necessary to its economic
life as food to the body.
Before the war Upper Silesia
produced 44.000.000 tons of coal
a year, about three times the out
put of the famous Sarre basin.
It also produced 81 per cent of
the tine, 34 per cent of the lead
and a goodly part of the Iron ore
mined in Germany. That is per
haps why the German, delegates
to the London conference walled
that "without Silesia we cannot
pay." But what about the con
dition of Poland, situated as it
will be between its two inveter
ate enemies. Russia and Ger
many? Each of these countries
maintains that undisputed pos
session for 150 years confirmed
their right to the remnant of Po-
April. S rri4TDtul Woiwd'i debate
betwn W. 8. (. .,D( WU1mtt
April 10, 8nnUy B!om D
April IS, Friday B.teb.n, wlll.a
tt t. IT. ef O. at Salrai.
AprH I. 8!irty Bwfbill, Witlsm
U w r. f O. at Enrea.
Aprit IS and 17. S.inrdar ! 8on
T BMfball, SaUw Senatora . Re
twrra Willamtt al,d Whitman
Mar 4. Wrdnmdar. Apollo dob in
errt with Virginia Ra. soprano, at
Mar 5 to 8 inrliui Annna! ronfer
' ttiliral Aaaoriation.
May 7. gatnrdar. Marion Connty
,r,Ck .i"4 bwball tournament.
7 17 and tt Baseball, WUi,.
etto r. Wait man, at Walla Walla.
9r'fff' V, 8ry tUtlT.)
Fo-tb.ll. WUlaaaetto ra. O. A. O. at Cor
aiiia. Nor ana boe 24. Thara4ay (tentative)
Thankaprtar day, footkaJB, WiUaaattte
vs. MaltaMBavk. at Salaa.
land which they held. Each will
be certain to invade Poland to
recover thai- territory if at any
time the support of the League
of Nations should weaken or bo
withdrawn. Hoth France anil
England protested the original
partition of Poland : but they
wee not at that time strong
eCough and closely enough asso
ciated to back their protest with
thWr armies and navies. If the
Polish republic is to survive it
must be given territory sufficient
ly productive to enable it to grow
iuto a strong and independent na
tion. Paris cables assert that the su
preme council of tho allies in,
raria w ill soon take linal action
cn th Silesian controversy. wlrn
the boundary between Poland and
Germany will he so adjusted as to
give a part of the Silesian coal
lield to Poland. This action will
probably be opposed by the Ger
man sovernment; but protests
from that source are discounted
in advance. Germany has never
lacked a pretext for any crime
she has committed. She will now
ignore her record of political op
pression which drove the Poles
from Silesia in order that Ger
mans might take their places and
will insist that the verdict of the
present population be conclusive.
To the rest of the world, how
ever, there will appear no ele
ment of unfairness in restoring
to Poland a part at least of the
great industrial district which she
formerly held and that is now
to necessary to the industrial
prosperity-of the new republic.
The new Polish republic will do
r-ell. however, to ca a glance
backward over the history of an
cient Poland, in order that it may
avoid the' mistakes which so
weakened that kingdom as to
make it an easy prey for power
ful neighbors. Poland in the
18th century had the most radi
cal government In Europe, prior
to the French revolution. It was
a kind of democratic monarchy.
The initiatve and referendum
were a part of the scheme of Po
lish government for 100 years.
At the end of that time the coun
try was so torn by factions that
it was not possible to get united
support for any purpose.
Direct legislation legislated thG
Polish kingdom out of existence.
While the Poles were, holding
their referendums to decide
whether thy would go to war
their enemies invaded the coun
try and dismembered it. There
are some elements of radicalism
in the jpresent Polish constitu
tion; and it baa been asserted
that the features of state social
ism which it contains caused the
industrial centers in Silesia to
vote to unite with Germany. The
Poles must learn that only con
servative 'republics endure. Rad- j
icalism is fatal to representative
EUGRXICK AXD ROYALTY.
In Europe there is no objection
to a monarch being a little blind
or deaf or even almost mute On
the contrary, these defects are
taken as pdoof of intermarrying
in a narrow royal group and be
come a badge of breeding. Be
sides, these sub-normal monarchs
are the most useful to statesmen
of real strength who wish to
waste as little energy as possible
oa their puppets.
In Japan they still take their
sovereigns seriously, as is shown
by the recent controversy over
the bethothal of the crown prince
to a princess whose family was
noble and eminent in every way,
tut in whom there was rumored
to be a tendency toward color
blindness. It was necessary fo
show that the defect had not ex
isted in that line, before public
opinion could be satisfied.
The difference between the
treatment of the royal family in
Japan and in Europe emphasizes
the different paths of develop
ment which are being followed on
two sides of the world. ' Europe's
surviving monarchs are practically
dummies. , Japan's ruler is still
virtually absolute and eirjoys a
religious status amounting to al
most that of a god.
The Japanese people are taught
to believe that their emperor
comes down through a line that
was the offspring of the sun god
hence the title, "Seed of the
Snn," one of ths leading stories
of last year, by: Wallace Irwin,
(pronounced one of the two great
est stories of 1920, the other be
ing "Main Street." by Sinclair
Lewis), Mr. Irwin, himself a Cali
fornia man, weaving around a
romance the whol Japanese ques
tion as applied to this coast and
more especially to California,
wfth the ideals and beliefs and
yearnings of the ambitious little
brown men of Nippon.
Certain conservatives in Eu
rope, evidently alarmed at the ex
tremes to which the contempt for
the monarch and finally for all
government is going, are appar
ently wishing that they could find
a way to give royalty a status
again, not, the status it once held
by right of actual power, but a
status lofty enough to awe the,
vulgar. Apparently ; one element
iu England is maintaining a pub
licity bureau for the purpose of
making England and the rest of
the world realize that "Wales,"
as they call the crown prince, it
.i normal tinman IteiiiK and a
good stiort to boot. Stress is laid
on the. ifact that lie i:4 physically
sound aid that he knows how to
enjoy looking on ut a prize fight
and going around to shake hands
with the common people. King
Albeit, similarly, has been ad
vertised and exploited and Has
enough personal merit" to play the
Only one great nation lias kept
her emperors, and that nation
seems determined to guarantee
future respect for the abstract
idea of govemim-ntal authority
by having it personified in an in-
dividual of kingly qualities. Thus
it is that in Japan they are goin
cold-bloodedly about the business
of rearing rulers.' just as the
world has for centuries raised.
blooded stock in the animal
Eugenics applied to kings and
queens! The weight must be so
much and the ancestors of a cer
tain type and there must be no
Mating which will result in
Will the process result in su
permen or in maniacs who will
plunge the world into another
catastrophe similar to that
brought on by the jealousies be
tween an emperor with a wither
ed arm and his emperor cousin
with a withered brain?
' The Chilean government has
granted extended concessions to
the Krupps and there will be large
Herman colonies and manufac
tures of plows, guns and other
There will have to be a weather
eye kept for this movement, in re
spect to the memory of President
BITS FOR BREAKFAST
Most of us feel natural.
Attend the broccoli meeting to
morrow evening, if you are in any
And every one ought to be
First Stops All Pain Then Peels
the Com Off.
Don't try to fox trot on corn tortured
feet. Get rid of yoor corni. If yon bare
orTer tee a corn tirkled to death juat
njl"T a lew crop 01 t,et It ' to viur
JTien watn that corn die -penreful'y a
ii. 11 nau -one 10 aieep. fsnon it v noth
ing but a loose piece of dead akin thai
yon ean lift neiit off with your finrer.
(Jet after them no. Yoor druggist
na. ueia-ii.,- t osta but a trifle--oi
nothinc at alt if it faila. Mrc Hv K. U
renoe Co., Cii-ago. Sold in Salem by
J. C J'erry and I). J. Fry. Madv.l'
e aie competent to serve
all who are suffering from
defective eyesight. The cause
of your dimming vision may
be of j simple origin a-id
corrected yith very simple
lenses. You may be bene
fited by wearing resilng
glasses. We will be abla-to
describe your condition ex
actly and make the proper
glasses for you.
4ak Yea Few
Take. cars w
flop your ! fTg)
II EYES AND "WisSfv
deeply interested In getting a new
Industry started here, that pro
mises to briiifc in great sums of
money everv year.
Europe cannot afford to let a
IIap?hur et back onto a throne;
nor Can the rest . of the; world.
That"" whole line has been in,
league with Old Nick throughout
A week ftoni Monday the con
gress will meet that is scheduled
to put the noo.OiM) idle people'
in this country back to work,
with all the wheels of industry
hum m in k for a long and prosper
N'ot just ypf. but before long
Oregonians will be crying for
lain; and likely needing it.
"a S o
President Harding polled an
unprecedented vote last Novem
ber, but the number of office
j-e?kers is now in the vicinity of
that magnificent total, and Ore
gon has her full quota. ,
"Did you find that prohibition
Interferes with personal liberty?"
"Not out my way," replied Bill
Hottletop. "There aren't nearly
Shell Be Here Sunday
Having purchased the Yew Park Market we are combining Ii with our Gro
eery business in an up-to-date Sanitary. "Grocery-Market." j iWe are pleased
to announce our opening for Saturday, April 2, at which time the public is
invited to inspect our new place, as we have the only Grocery-Market in the
city. We have spared neither pains Dor money in providing an attractive,
up-to-date sanitary place where you can buy your groceries or jn eats and have
them delivered together. 0
We have provided a qseful kitchen article for every housewife visiting us ;
that day. Everybody is invited and there will be something for alt Coffee .
and cakes will be served and there will be music. Open till 9 p. m. .
SHRODE & GOEHREND
We now have ready for inspection by the ladies
ofSalem a big assortment of ladies' silk waists.
These waists along with the house apronf, oxfords
and pumps are of exceptional value. In fact one
could not find a better bargain anywhere. We al
so have a new line of children's drestts and older
373-377 Court St.
as many of the boys getting Into
tne ioc.-up aa there used to be."
"High prices everywhere, said
AMERICAN LEGION DANCE
Public Cordially Invited
Tickets $1.10, including jfar tax
Ladies Free, jl
FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 1st
Today at the Big Store
SHOP EAKLY ft
nnI Avoid Congestion 4 nd
COME TO OUR
The men will be interested in our; big line of shirts
in both men's and boys' sizes. We hive boys' suits
which are very reasonable, also! boyV and men'f
hats and caps. We also carry big line of ties,
suspenders, collar buttons, pinsf and all kinds of;
shirt trimmings. In our stock ari many new over
coats and raincoats whkh must go despite the fine
the oratojr.. "Tnrea'sonably high h
prices. everywhere." After a mo- i
ment's thought he added: "Price"
was once; an inaic-aiion oi valuo "
Today it's an indication of nerte." .
'A .- i