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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 18, 1921)
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SALEM, OREGON,' FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 18, 1921
LAYMG OF. T
OF THE OREGON CAPITOL
tIIE following account of the laying of the cornerstone of
U the Oregon Capitol appeared in the Portland Oregonian
i on October 9. 1873. The same kind of an account appeared
..also W The Statesman of the same date, and both accounts
are referred to by. Frank J. Smith, on the back of the photo
jrraph which he a short time ago turned over to Sam A; Kozer,
Secretary of State, from which the cut appearing on the pic
ture page in this issue was made. But no files of-The States-
.man back of the time of the present management of this pa
per are preserved in Salemthat is, back of August 18, 1884.
So, in order to get this historical matter into the files, the
following nutter was a few days ago copied at the charge of
The Statesman from the Oregonian files at its office in Port
land. Below is the report in full::
' ' SALEM, Wednesday, Oct. 8, !
1873. At 12:30 p. m. tho proces
sion ot Masons, consisting of rep
resentatlves,. from , nearly every
lodge La the state, to the number
of four! hundred, formed in the
following , , ,
Order of Procession,
j Tylerlwlth drawn sword.
. stewards with rod a.
Master Masons of all lodges,
marching by twos. .
Two deacons with rods.
Secretaries and Treasurers.
Royal Arch, Masons.
Grand Tyler, with drawn sword.
: K Grand stewards with white rods.
Grand secretary . and treasurer.
! Three great lights, supported by
tiro stewards. , , f ,
, Grand chaplains.
" .Fite Orders of Architecture. '
' Masters and wardens. ,
i .Grand orator. . '
Past deputy grand masters.
Past grand masters. . i
f .Chief magistrate, state and civil
officers.. ... , i'.. : - ;
V Representative ot the press.
) Junior grand warden, carrying
a silver vessel with 611. ,
; ; Senior grand warden., carrying
silver vessel with, wine. 1
j Deputy grand master,: carrying
a golden, vessel wun corn.
The Order of the Procession, the Route, Governor Grover's Remarks, the Ma
sonic Ceremonies with Nearly Fou r Hundred Masons Taking Part, the List
of Articles Deposited in the Corner Stone, ihe Historical Address of S. F.
Cha d wick in Full and a Description of the Building Which Was to Rise and
Grace the Beautiful Capitol Grounds and Become the Official Home of the
In peace and in war. in prosperity America.- who seeing the ( valers
and in adversity, are proud to oe
upon these grounds today.
We rejoice that In our day and
generation the foundation of this
state caoitol building is to be laid
and the edifice erected. True.
durinr our territorial DunUage, a
building much inferior to this in
every respect, was reared upon
this spot, which, for a brief sea
son served the territory, but In an
unguarded moment it took to it
self tlames of fire and passed
of a thousand lakes, held In equi
librium on a vast plateau in tbe
center of the continent, from
which three great rivers went off.
north, south and east to the At
lantic and hearing the Indians
peak of the west called in their
language "Oregon. naturally
sketched an "Oregon irom uu
Winnipeg , to the Pacific, still to
be seen on some old maps. They
were right in their conjecture as
to the existence of the river,
though mistaken as to Its source.
Nearly seventy yesrs ago It was
priately Into legislative halls, su
preme court- room, executive
chambers, offices and rooms for
the secretary of state, treasurer,
library, cabinet for the state geol
ogist and - various committee
rooms and other sub-offices, to be
completed: with all modem Im
provements ' and appliances for
water, heating, ventilation and
The building will be finely
lighted, and .will present an , ap
pearance of elegance, and. solidity.
The structure has, thus . far,
been " carried, forward by the, use
of 3000 , perch of rough stone;
4000 feet of dressed sandstone;
1.3 0 0,0 0 0 brick ; 20 6 0 barrels of
lime, and .500, barrels of cement,
. The cost of material and labor
to the, present time is $45,000
gold, economically applied.
" sTbe brick have come from the
penitentiary "yard, and the Hm$
and standstone from the, Douglas
county quarries; which are of first
class character. - ;
All the work, as far as possible,
Is to be constructed of Oregon ma
tertal and by Oregon labor. The
cost of the building will be half
a million dollars. v
The ceremonies of laying the
of Portland for 1873; deposited
by L. Samuels. ; .",.'
' 25. Copy ot State Fair Gazette.
1873; deposited by L. Samuels.
- 26. Roll of members exempt,
and active of Multnomah Engine
company No. 2, ot Portland,, Ore
gon; also badge ot.i membership,
deposited by W. A. Ilolbrook.
. 27. Ten shillings, currency of
the state, ot New York ot the year
1771;- deposited by James ,1t-
Loo mis. i .
'28.' List of members and by
laws of Silverton .Lodge No. 4 5.
of. A. F. and A. M.; deposited by
John C. Davenport. '
chapter R. A. M. of the state 'of
Oregon for 1873. .
64. One dollar United States
legal tender currency; deposited
by F. N. Shurtleff.
. 65. Copy of invitations sent to
the different lodges and chapters.
66. Copy or the Catholic Senti
nel, October 21, 1873. .
67J Copy of the Corvallis Ga
sette. June 23,1 1873.
68. Oregon wheat crop of 1872;
deposited by S. F. Chadwick.
. 69. Constitution and by-laws ot
Tiger Engine, company No.' 2 of
, 70. Seal . (lead impression) of
the M. E. grand chapter ot Royal
29. Documents Dertaining to Arch Masons of the state of -Ore-
the history df the city of Salem;. gon: also list of grand officers for
fcta fit f nltnomsh LodCft NO. lonraav etnna will nA TmnrkoA fi I.
. gmaitrmt . v wt. dwud . mv . w v . .
Tl, carrying the book of. constltu- cording to ancient Masonic forms,
UoB--rj . 'a R. W O. Secretary R. Ear-
4 . Grand master, supported by two . t , thi toiiowinr list
deacons with rodat . .;J of articles denosited In the corner
standard bearei; ; wun i gtone. .. ; " , :. .
1. Engrossed on parchment:
sword bearer with drawn
. aldev- i '
. Route ot March.
The nrocession was formed un
der direction .ot the grand mar
"This corner stone of a state cap
Itol buUding. erected by the. peo
ple of - Oregon. was , laid - by, the
Grand Lodge of Free and Accep
ted Masons of the state of Oregon
hal, at Reed's Opera house, and on Wednesday, October 8, A. D.
marched from thence up i.ioerty 11573. a. L. 673i aiosti wor-
street to Ferry, op Ferry t Com- ghipf nl t Thomas - McF. Patton.
mcretat Irecelvlne state and civil nind master. BuJldlng commia-
. officers and representatives ot the sloners. Gen. John F. Miller, pres-
- press at' the governors oince on 1 went; Henry Kiippei ana samuei
Commercial), thence down Com-1 Allen. . Architects. JKrumbein ; tt
mercial (receiving "grand officers Gilbert. Superintendent, Joseph
and I members ot grand lodge at 1 Uolman.
Masonic I hall), thenee up Court j 2. Constitution and laws ot the
.street tol Capitol block. The pro-igtate ot Oregon; deposited by S.
cession then passed the Triumphal F. Chadwick, secreUry of state.
arch and occupied places assigned j 3. xist of officers of the state
them. The grand lodge ana es- 0f Oregon from organization, Feb-
eort halted, openea coiumn ana rc- mary 14th, 1839.' to September,
versed of der. ' ' : 1874; deposited by H. H. Glltrey,
Three ' bands , of music accom- 4. A chromo ot George Wash
ington as a Mason; deposited by
5. A silver halt crown, English
deposited by Hon. J. Quinn Thorn
ton. ; , .
30. Transactions of the su
preme council ot the 33 rd degree
of the southern jurisdiction of the
United States, May, l872;'dejposlt
ed by II. C. Morrice ;
.. 31. A' Sentinel extra of . April
12, 1865.' containing particulars
qt the. surrender ot General Rob
ert Ev Lee; deposited, by S. R.
32. A pebble picked up by Hen
ry II. Qilfrey. under the north, eave
ot the tomb ot George Washing
ton at Mount Vernon in February.
1872; deposited by, IlenryfH.i Gil-1
33. Specimen of ; sanuam
quartz; deposited by John F.
34.' Lead impression of seals ox
circuit and county: courts of Marl
on county; deposited by. Chester
35. Address delivered by Past
Grand Master S. F, Chadwick-nt
laying of cornerstone of state cap-
itoU October; 8, 1873; presentea
by S. F. Chadwick. , 1
t.nid the nrocession. and dis
coursed excellent music .
Arrived at the capitoi grounas.
71. Quarter of a dollar in gold;
deposited by-Mrs. T. McF. Patton.
72. Medal ot, Great Central fair
of Philadelphia. Jun?. 1864; pre
sented by-T. McF. Patton.
' ; 73. Map of the heavens, show
ing , the situation or tbe. planets
at 12 o'clock m. at Salem. October
8th, 18 7-3:. presented by J. W. Mc
Afee, M. D, ;
74. Christian. Messenger of Oc
tober 4. 1873.
175. Daily. Evening News ot Oc
tober; 7, 1873.
76., Lambskin of white leather
apron. an emblem - of Innocence
and, the badge ot a Mason; depos
ited by J. It, Albert.
77. Daily Oregonian ot October
8, 1873. , .
78. 'A detailed description of a
modern sewing machine;-present
ed by R. P. Earhart.
. 79. Writing implements In
common use in 1873; presented
by E, A. Brown.
V 80. Sealed documents of Unit
ed Ancient Order of Druids.
81. San Francisco Journal of
(Commerce of June. 1873; present
so. And it should have Its In
most recesses tilled with the
hopes, aspirations and good inten
tions of its possessor, all acting
in concert for the common weal,
for the harmony of diversified in
terests is essential to Iheir health
ful action; the heart and hand
should work together to mould
them tor the good ot the whole.
As an order we look back over
ages to that period In the world's
hfstory when the temple was rear
ed as a place of worship for those
differing in their views and opin
ions in all things save one. That
point ot agreement was a common
belief in the great Creator, the
Grand Architect ot the Universe.
In erecting an edifice for public
use or benefit this great funda
mental doctrine, the corner stone
of all correct human beliefs, the
source of all that is elevsting. of
all that Is Intelligent, and of all
man's confidence, is usually rev
erentially acknowledged. This Is
proper. It Is a public confession
that the Grand Architect of the
Universe Is the imperishable foun
dation cf every great undertaking,
and that He must have the ex
ternal as well as the lnternat bom
age of men. Science, art. all na
ture, tbe restless conscience, all
with one unchangeable volee pro
claim this great truth.
As. an example for man when
engaged in a work of many seem
ingly conflicting parts, or partak-
It is good for us to be here, noil hr tinraKoMt that the
only the pioneers ot Oregon, those ef the Columbia presented
who first founded the institution tD4 only nKon on the northwest
of tree government on tbe Pacific COast of America fit for the resi-
1 and sciences, friends of education. 1 mUe wa8 lhen nown of Oregon,
mechanics, farmers, commercial I .Bd hoir littIa - known ot our
men. tradesmen, laborers, profes-1 -tt nntalrf of Ita nn borders?
sional men. representatives ot ev- J Muen u BOV known of Oregon
ery department or industry 11 isiln eaetern states tbsn when
well for us all to be here today. J thm ,-n.tj, of the United State
We have come up to these eapl- stood appalled at the - wonderful
tol grounds from near and distant j effort of Hon. T. H. Beaton in be
valley homes, from yonder eastern! half ot our claim to this territory.
and southern and western moun-To serve Oregon was the pride of
I tain passes, from tbe extreme I his life. This was during the Ore-
parts of our state, to honor this I gon controversy, nearly 19 years
occasion and upon her altar to re-1 ago. when over 80 eloquent
new eur vows aa faithful and dull-1 speeches were made by different
ful citizens. As the happy bus-1 members ot congress In support
36. Engrossed on - parchment, j ed. by , B. N. Rowley, correspond
names ot- state , capltol Vbullding lent. . . '
commissioners, architects, aeper-J-. 82. Fractional currency of , ihe
intendent and secretaries or tne j united - States, denomination' 2e.
holdings; also photograph-: ot the 1 10c and 50c; presented by T. McF.
sute capltol building; - aeposuea 1 ration.
by John F.-MUler,; : t . ; J Silver plate, with brief In
a7A Phtladelnhia Evening star, 1 uuon, siring aaie 01 organise
oAntaininr th rtew. and ceremonT 1 Hon, etc. of Congrerationa
ot the nnveiUn, and dedication ot church in Salem; deposited by P.
.w. -a u 8. Knlrht. , : .
we- Miauare, mju4 -v .
Philadelphia, the grandest build-1 A prayer was offered by Rer.
inr of the kind on the globe. Sep-1 w. izer 01 Portland, at the eon
tmhr 2fi,l72: cost of bulldinr elusion of, which the symbolic
81 475.0001 presented : by William J orn nl U were poured npon the
. - corner stone, and the order took
sr. Photorranhic album, cen- rt - t.he ,,ema ceremony of
. .i.T JI.r--. . i.unt 1 consecration
are assured that in rearing the
Temple of Solomon there was nel
ther hammer nor ax, nor any tool
of Iron heard In tbe house while
It was in. building. The lovers of
art, the wise and learned of all
nations visited this wonderful edi
flee to behold Its grandeur and to
admire the wisdom of the Archi
tect who promised that this house
should be built. Regarding man
as an edifice, when' many are tak
en to form, a society of edifices.
pends upon the perfect construc
tion ot each, having Its foundation
In the living principle of reciproci
ty, concord, mutual life.
Science and art have claims np
on the Master Mason, whose mor
tis Aurora . brass band performed j money; deposited by Joseph Hol-
a piece ot music, alter wnicn we man. -; ;, , w.
grand chaplain. Her. w. iu &w- Impression on lead of the
art. offered an Invocation. , Sing- great Mai 0f the state ot Oregon;
, lag; by. the. chorr followed. The deD08Ued by S. F. Chadwick, sec
voices were under the direction or retary Cf state. - ,
Prot.vD.! W. Prentice, and com- . 7 Beaver coin; first money
prised the best musical Ulent ln nW(J by tne people ot Oregon; da
me city., air. jTaua. u, ouu 1 p08ited by S. F. Chadwick.
was organist of tbe occasion.
- Grand Master T.' McF. Patton
then called upon Grand Warden J.
B. Congle to direct the junior
trtnd warden to proclaim to the
8.. Half-dollar. United states
sliver coin; ' deposited by L M.
Scott, master builder, state capltol.-
' : " -' :
9. Coupon of 160, from contea-
gTind lodge the occasion ot their erate cotton bond; deposited by F,
awembling. Dr.. J. A. Kicnara- j. Babcock. , t
son. Junior grand ,' warden, then 10: A photographic copy of The
said: "Brethren and all who.are Weekly Times. London, of Deeera
present. take notice that the M. ber 25th. 1870, a marvel of pho-
.W, Grand Master, will, now. cause
to be tested and tried this corner l
stone,, that be may, lay It in due
Masonic form. You will therefore
observe that order .and decorum
becoming .this solemn occasion.'
tography; deposited by u.
" 11. Catalogue of Willamette
university.' J872-73;f deposited by
T. M. Catch. - 1
1 2. Roster of. United States
C Bv Moorea and M. L. Chamber
39. Photographs; deposited, oy
IL A. Grififn.
40. Inaugural address delivered
by President , Z a e h a r y Taylor
M.n-h 4. 184s: aeposiiea or 'A.
41. Circular and cut 01 fire-
The orator of the day. P. O. M.
Hon S. F. rtiadwlck. was then in
troduced and the audience lis
tened to the following excellent
Secretary Chadwirk's Oration.
Brethren: We have today-wit
nessed a ceremony older than the
unnsuan era; a. ceremony as sa
proof safe; presented by W. R. jcrea ana, as binding on our brelh-
nrnt.hirA nn eierywnere as a religious
42. Daily ' and Weekly States-1 fea8t- or- pledge. The solemn cere-
ma' l,r s'1li' D3r wapu of a sute capitoi building in tbe
a V vfnfne" iiraic of New ' the Grand Architect of
York May 6, 1835, and of Sep- I th v n,Ter8e; "d.of
H7T rtonnit fn nv i . I "- uu uu m
IX; Strong. i t
44.- Weekly Mercury, Septem
ber 2. 1873.
45. Willamette Farmer, Octo-
partial.law makers of the State,
to the use of those wbo shall pro
vide, for the protection of the citi
zen the correction of evils, tbe
support of civil and religious lib-
a m t on n
Most worthy Grand Master Patton troops serving , in the department
then addressed Ihe.. grand trees- Qt tne Columbia, commanded by
urer. j. . , , lnrevet Malor General jerrerson v.
(We regret our Inability to fur-
. nlsh a full and complete report of
. the ceremonies , and ritual of the
- grand lodge, owing to an uofortu
' nate omission-In a report .other
wise complete.) ,
Jus Excellency, Gov. I. .F. Gro
. ver then 'read the following state
. meat concerning the building of
; the capitplj .
Governor Grover's Remarks.
Davis: deposited by J. C- Morrlce.
13. Memorial addresv Life and
Character ot Abraham Lincoln, by
George Bancroft; deposited, by J,
IL D, Henderson. 1 i , ;
14. Copy of New England Cour--t
n hi lahedt by-Benjamin
v.nviin Roston. Massachusetts,
February 11. 1723; deposited by
47 Weekly Enterprise, July 25
and Sentember 15. 1873.
. 48, The Plalndealer, October 3,
1873. ; ' i. ' , .
. 49. Oregon ; State Journal,
March 12. 1864
- 50. Oregon State. Journal, Oc
tnber.4. 1873.. ! '
. 61..Daily BulleUn, October 8,
servants ot an - incorruptible sov
ereignty' shall discharge their
weighty duties with fidelity and
honor is the noble work of a
free and enlightened people.
The corner stone unites the un
finished walls of a "building which
should be closed up to add. rym
etry and strength to It; to con
nect the several parts and form
to refer to them except Incidental
ly. Wbetber architecture has im
proved -since Greece made It the
admiration of the world and gave
It a name and a fame which we
proclaim for It to those who shall
a . m
succeed 10 our place, is a ques
tion for the scholar to determine.
we are today content with the
beautiful orders of architecture as
they have come down to us from
the past with all their history un
dented, like a panorama ot gor
geous splendor moving before our
eyes bearing npon It massive walls
and monuments, exoulslte. deli
the order of today Is tbe effect of
which Induced artisans to unite coast, dux we pairons 01 we r dence 0f a civilized people
for the purpose of securing the
benefits of their services to each
other, and to protect their organ!
zations against the machinations
ot those who were jealoua of their
success; a combination for the
common good, out of which came
order, tbe superiority ot station.
and submission to authority. The
only mode ot communicating this
science was by association, and to
protect Itself against the Intrusion
of the uninitiated, secrecy was re
quired. "For all nations seek ad
mission into secret societies." Like
the art ot building symbolized In bandmen. when harvest Is passed. I of the claim of the United States
Free Masonry and presenting In I come forth from the plain each I to this region. Tbe people were
Its name "a system of morality bearing Lis gracious goiaen sneai. 1 aroused. Oregon was tne tueme
veiled In allegory. our order is there to erect a generous shock, j of the orator and the Journalist,
adapted to any race or rank. It around which, free as the winds u Is true, that in that ease, as In
is its own master in all climes: i of heaven, stout bearts or the nar-i all ' exciting controversies, much
it speaks but the unlTersal lan-J vesters gather and shout the Joys I was said that appears now to be a
guage of science and art In many I of harvest home m one grand ae-i little extravagane, but In the main
different tongues: it Is accredited I claim, presenting their humble (the facts were presented with
as well In one hemisphere as In i but sincere offerings to the year I inch power that Oregori became
the other; it glories only In Its of plenty, frugality and prosperity,! then known to some enient and
own habitation; It claims the work I so do we come here todsy. I favorably considered throughout
But there are those who are not ! tbe United States. Lonr prior to
here those early friends of the this event, to use a fact of hls
Immirrant. those mlsslonsry fa-ltory. President Jefferson, -that
there, those self-sacrificing at- man of rare endowments. ;fo!lowed
tendants upon the Infancy of cur lap the reran d idea of Columbus.
territorial life. Where are the I and, taking np the unfinished en-
McLoughlins. the Lees, tbe Shep- j terprlse of LaSalle. and. anxious
herds, the Tburstons. the Leslies,! to crowd Into bis administration
the Wallers, the Barclays, the j a galaxy ot brilliant events, early
Beerses. the Gervaises. the Wil-I projected the discovery of an in
sons. tbe Scotts .the Smiths, the! land route to the Pacific Ocean.
Facklers. tbe Gainses. the Ruv I The Missouri river was to be on
sells,, all . those pioneer worthies connect'ng link In. the chain of
whose names are now household I communication: the Columbia or
words? I any other that might serve the
Spring, may bring forth Its purpose on tbe west side of the
green leaves and flowers; autumn mountains was to be another,
may come and wither them; win- tw sad Hark were seat out to
try winds with their melancholy discover a commercial route to the
variableness may throw streaks ot PsHfle ocean. So JudJelouly was
cloud and sunshine over our their enterprise-conducted that
walks: the dove may sorrowfully their return route mnit remain th
coo. the cricket may sing Its die- efeoameree. la latitude 47
mal song; but where are these decrees." . :
sons ot Oregon? . - 'This great' Idea In later days
We hear them In yonder water- was seized opon by Colonel Beu
falls. In the rattle of machinery, ton, and he advocated the opealpf
In the shreik ot the stesm whistle, of this new route to Asia. He It
In the clang of church bells, la was wbo Insisted that w should
the click ot type. In tbe rambling have all Oregon, bees use of rlghl
ot the printing-press. We see it belonged to the United States,
tbem In our cities. In our church- J end who-labored to obtain that
es. In our Institutions of learning. I for his country which Great Brit
In our laws. In our contented farm I 'n was seeking to gain, that Is t
bouses. In all our enterprises; we say, an outlet from the shores ot
behold them everywhere around I the Pacific to Asia. Urn wished
us. still they are not here today.
We read In all these things that
they have fulfilled their mission
In our behalf, and have built up
these monuments to their ever
green memories, to be honored by
of relieving the infirmities of bu
man nature as Its Inheritance.
This ceremony of today sign I
fles peace, prosperity, growth and
knowledge, and in social refine
ment, "frugality in the corner
stone of wealth." and strength in
ail the humanizing agencies of ad
The earnest and faithful citizen
ing of many perplexing duties, we I surrenders bis natural rights to
tbe state, and tbe state recipro
cates by Testing her power upon
the citizen. He Is made a pillar
and a support In tbe edifice.
Whatever the citizen does in the
name of and for the state is the
work ot the state. We therefore
celebrate this event as we would
a feast with Joy and with praise.
giving to the state that homage
due from us as her citizens.
In the name, then, of the tra
ditions of Free Masonry, that
Ihe excellence of that union de-1 great chronicler of the Important
events in the world's progress-
let this hour be marked by the
application of the square, the lev
el and the plumb to this building.
the capitoi of the great state of
Oregon. It Is the secular part of
if tt th the people, the seat of Its political
nnjr th ivi mnA tt.. ninmH I l,f' n Its pulsations are felt
At a very early period the study ai the etre"1l, of the body of
of geometry and architecture be- commonwealth, may tbe laws
cimininnimniirii.i..t.n.. therein proclaimed her life's
and It was Wmoi . rat current be pure, warm and con-
compllshment to master these KUn7 ProaBC,D" contentment and
art. It la nn our nnnux. nnw UBPP"eB
As an assurance that the state
may be sustained by wholesome
and impartial legislation, the corn
of nourishment Is poured upon
this corner stone. That this edi
fice may be devoted to the cause
of truth. Justice and public vir
tue, the glory ot a generation, the
wine ot refreshment christens this
foot stone. That It may for all
time remain the pride of the citi
zen, the temple of an incorruoti
Me judiciary; the oil of Joy leaps
from its golden goblet and conse
crates it forever. May this capi
toi building rise In Its majesty to
to connect the Missouri with the
Columbia river and. thus to throw
open a great natural highway t
the Pacific ocean and thence to
eastern Asia. Ills Thebes, no
ooubt. would have been on the
grateful posterity forever, and Columbia or Willamette, bis Tyre
now they sleep in tbe valley's still- t St. Louis. Missouri. This was
ness. the hope ot his better days. He
It Is good for us to be here, foresaw the greatness of! Ore r on
May we not ask what has brought from her geographical position
us hither? What messenger from d her Importance la the new
the clear blue arch above has de- commercial era -then dawning De
scended from bis sest of progress en our country. The trade of the
and intelligence and blessed us all t has alwaya been the "richest
with strength and ability ..to as-1 Jewel in ihe diadem of commerce.
52I Nashville Christian Advo- one stupendous whole, and to se-
n n -Ttrhith6nse.
. 'is' saiem City Directory, 1871;
In onenlnr (Iia pnmnn-M otL..i h J IISBTT BrOWS.
laying the eorner stone ot the cap- j g. proceedings of grand, lodge
itel of the state of Oregon, I wjll of tne independent Order of Odd
'make a succinct statement of what Fellows; deposited by Chester N.
is proposed and, what is done. Terry,' grand secretary. -
Tha size ot the building on the 17. King Jamee; tran"Jt,on
ground will be 264 feet in length the Holy Bible; deposited by B.
. 7 teeWn width, with projec- F. Brown. .
linn .a. .... 1 m . c, . lotfpr. containing a
W "vauBtai A, l IS aCC Sa. - ' M UW VVaW I m
cat. Methodist Episcopal Church
South; presented by Rev. Edward
53. Specimens of gold bearing
nnartx. selected at the mine of J.
W. Virtue s -Co., Baser uy, Ore
gon. July 23, 1872;-by T. Mcr.
S4. Imnresslon In lead or the
great seal ot the grand lodge ot
a : v Mr. a. M.. 01 me siaie 01
55. Imnresslon in leaa 01 we
msnt stofy will rest upon sold statement of tbe religious jaith orj
. utitna : . . 1 n ir rannt denosited by. T. I
-" WUUU1LIK1D. 1 1 V H 1 tr' 1111 1 uuiuas - " - - -
thUkness; and eight feet In depth U. Cann.
DAUa. . 1 A a a. a . I aa ' 1L?A
low( the; water-table, resting: up- IK YoLMJdiCwii othe
on a .At tA u a 1 11.. 107 with fee-bill of tne
. Jy. . Above the water-table U a Medical Society of the Third judl
f basementj story of rustic brick- cial District of the SUte of ore-
i jeet in the clear. Anove 1 gon; oepwsu -;
tula lniuU..L.J v. -A I ..flann f Tl.
;tum CIS step, to the first floor. 20. Design of capitoi talldtar.
f ue two main stories, 75 feet by Krumoein TC4,,".X" "
?n to the cornice with project- 21. Funers,! nouca
i Porticoes and columns on four Julian uecrene. -v.
. . wain
t.v. TTrtman CilOOllC cnunu,
central dome rises Salem. Marion counijr.
Tnf it.' a . a t Prnmnrn ' corresDonaence
"i.uujj IVW0II IIWTS ID VUUl . 7- -
wAAn t1 n a. I riTi&ll , uuaiu, vvv
figlslatlve halls, to the height of building commissioners and the
120 feet from the ground M - W. grand master of -Uaiou ot
;' A ornamental balustrade runs the state ot. Oregon. reUUve'to
around tbe whole building on the the ceremofly of, laying this, corner
top Of IV-' '.Ilk Ilia mtnnn :- '
, weptionj of. the root projections j 23. A . kf;iOB ""h,
' ttTff Ik. i "i . I vi.-. BnrMlted.br E. B.,HOdnUtt.
' The Interior Is divided "appro-1 24. City direct ory.ot the. cltjr
cure to tbe edi rice the size and
firmness required, in. the founda
tion so that beauty in design and
faultless skill in execution may be
displayed in the admirable and in
tricate forms of architecture as
they .rise and , expand In harmoni
ous proportion throughout the en
tire superstructure as it approach
es completion. . .
. The act of today In behalf ot
the state, Is the work of the citi
zen, attended with Masonic solera-
seal of the most worshipful grand J nitles. It Is meant to celebrate
muter of A. F. & A. M., Of tne
cnmmnn wealth of Oregon
56. List ot the officers and
members of Tiger Engine company
No. 2 of Salem, Oregon.
57. Order of ceremonies or lay
ing this, corner stone.
58. Morse aipnaoei. numerous
signals and abbreviations of the
the progress of a state, and to as
sert-In a proper public manner
that our hearts' are fully alive to
the increasing exertion ot our peo
ple now plainly manifest in the
development of the numerous val
uable resources of this great commonwealth.
How. emblematical is the per-
system of telegraphy; presented jformanee of this. rite, of the mu
hv A. F. Wheeler.
; 59. List of the members of the
common, council of the city of Sa;
lem; presented by B. F. Brown. '
60. Pooe's Modern Practice of
the Electric Telegraph: a complete
compendium of the system; pre
sented by; R. P. Earhart. F. X
Shurtleff and B.. F. Brown.
61. Smith's Manual ot TeleKra
Phy; presented by R. P. Earhart.
B F. Brown and F. N. ShurUefr.
62. Proceedings ot the grand
lodge of A.. F" and A. M. ot the
state of Oregon for 1873.
61. Troceedinga of the grand
tual -.dependence and harmony ot
those dufies enjoined upon us as
citizens, requiring, as . they do,
unity of purpose, each duty sup
porting . tbe other. . all acting - In
concord, and thus forming agents
of vast -energy and power In fur
therance of the- essential objects
and alms of oar being.
- The corner , ston has its casket,
the depository of Ibe evidences of
the condition of a popl relig
ious and political and of the his
tory of the time. when It U laid.
We are tangbt that the , human
structure has-its corner'stone al-
cate, majestic, sublime, ponderous K,adden the hP8rt of rtrf mmn-
How unlike the arts -of the In
dividual are these to which we
have referred. The sculptor and
painter ply the chisel and the
brush in retirement. However
skillful they may be in their art,
it is the labor of years, the result
ot diligent study and application.
No great order, no admiring mul
iiinde gathers to approve their
work cz .a praise, their cirts. If
perchance by a life 01 hara and
often sad experience they accom
plish their task, there are a few
who appreciate their genius and
wiu rvcuru weir merit, uut a
building is the work of manv cun
ning and skillful craftsmen, whose
architectural display Is the admi
ration of the multitude, who cele
brate their triumphs of science
and art by pomp and becoming
ceremony. Civil and religious ar
chitecture have ranchr to do in
smoothing the rough natures of
men, and have from their constant
stndy become auxiliaries In the
cause of civilization. Ther are
the readily recocnized features of j
a civilized condition of any, race
of 'men and as a nation becomes
Intelligent and wealthy so do these
striking features become numer
ous and prominent.
We may here remark that a
knowledge of geometry and archi
tecture enabled Pythagoras to rev
olutionize Greece, and that Euclid
taught as the science of geometry
what Is now. known as Masonry.
But It matters not to us whether
such be the case, or whether
Greece borrowed these arts from
Egypt, or whether they have been
received from Rome, or received
by the Italians, civilized and culti
vated man finds a property In
them which, he has searched In
every strncturo of art. Indeed.
architecture adorns every 'depart
ment of government, and Free
Masonry has preserved and mould
ed Its constituent parts Into a
moral symbolism for the benefit
of, man. Free Masonry, there
fore, as we now behold It. has its
origin in the art of building. And
- -. . t
woman and child In our land, and
may generation after generation
add in perfection what we nof
but feebly mention. Mar this
monument of our present great
ness when completed, like the tow
er of Pharos, which upon Its beau
tiful peninsula became a beacon
by day. and lit up by night the
trackless highway for the mariner,
who bore untold riches to the
shores of the ancient city, wel
coming all from Its wonderful
height to come and partake of tbe
profits of her exports and Imports,
and the treasures of her commerce
and the richness of ber learning
be to the Immigrant bound for
our hospitable land, his hopes and
reference point; to commerce Its
protector, to learning an aid and
a tower of strength, to old age a
solace, to youth the star of hope
and an auxiliary In all things that
shall bring to our beloved state
commercial greatness and the
blessings ot education.
We will turn now for a moment
to the consideration of thought
suggested 1y tbe occasion, and ad
dress them, to you aa citizenu of
wis great siaie.
Fellow citizens: We welcome
thla auspicious day with hearts
overflowing with admiration for
and devotion to the Interests ot
our state. This occasion Is an un
common one; let us give to it the
consideration that it merits. Those
assembled here today will perhaps
never witness a scene like this
again in this state.' It Is the first
of this character to us. and it will
probably be the last, but being tbe
work of the present generation. It
will go down to posterity, aug
mented in Importance, as our state
rnws in population and power.
Then it is eminently proper that
we celebrate this event with be
Pioneers. Ihoao who planted the
standard ot civilization In tbe wild
and then unknown valley of Ihe
Columbia, and those who followed
that emblem of the patriot's love
ani devotion, and have -kept it
I floating aloft, pure and unsullied
semble around this foot stone and
rehearse in brief a history that;
seems fabulous in detail and Im
possible in Its grand outline?
Let the occasion answer.
It Is but a few years since, and
within tbe memory of many here
Leading nations In all ages have
sought it as essential to their
progress, and those that have ob
tained It have "attained the high
est degree of opulence, refinement
We have alluded to some errors
today, that thla was. disputed ter- committed by the friends of Ore
ritory. Various were the views of gon. ; These are common when
opinions at that time concerning men are. actuated by aa nnre
thls then almost entirely unknown strained enthusiasm. Evidences
land. None of tbera were wholly ot this fact are abundant la Ms
correct, and time with all Its ad- tory. These errors differ, how
vantages has not materially ever, from that class of taUstate
changed the current opinion that menu which hare method la their
then existed in the eastern states arrangement, and whose plausible
concerning this territory. features are presented in an ap-
Durlng the "Oregon controver- parent spirit of fairness In order
"." writers, editors, members of to rive thena force. These are rait
both houses ot congress, all who leading and mischievous. They
discussed the subject, differed must be met by an array of In
very much In their opinion of arovertiblo fseta as they arise
what Oregon was, or what she was from 'our experience; facts with
good for. Some said that Oregon vwhich the world must be made ac-
was a barren, sandy waste, here quainiea. Tnese tacts will be evl
and there dotted with a few dencea from within to the world
clumps of chaparral brush, the I w"-&oui our borders of our growth
shelter or a poor rabbit or two:
too worthless a country to fight
over. Some said that Oregon was
tropical, beautiful In the extreme,
a spot where figs, citrons, lemons
spices and melons could be raised
In great profusion. Others thought
this region waa at the end of tbe
world, that It,wss sterile, and
without water or rain, while Lew
Is and Clark reported after their
exploration of the Columbia river
that during the winter months
they were nearly drowned out. It
was claimed that It was adapted
to the raising of sugsr and cot
ton. One learned senator, in a
flight of eloquence, exclaimed.
"Let England possess Nootaa
Sound, tbe finest harbor In tbe
world, commanding as It does the
Straits of Fuca. and consequently
access to Pu get's Sound, and she
has all of Oregon worth poKsess
ing In a commercial and maritime
point of view. She would hold
the straits of Fuca and luzets
Sound as serurelr as the trap
holds the mouse.. There Is no har
bor below that would give shelter
to a fleet of canoes." ' We read
that the first mention which his
tory gives ot Oregon la farnUhed
by tho Jesuit Fathers, "to whom
tbe world Is Indebted for Us early
1 knowledge ot the Interior of North
and Dover. f
As to the errors to which we
have alluded the history ef Oreron
Is but en example of what the
world has often wltnffsed. That
man will never understand the!
truth of history who Is not well j
informed upon the personal feel-!
Incs. and capable of making al-'
lowance for the personal errors, of
the great actors In the drama ot
nations. Think for a moment ef
the gratification ot Columbus
when he discovered the coast of
Venezuela, aad declared It to be
the hope ot his life, the piralise
be waa seeking, a northwest pass
age to the orient. But this de
lusion waa afterwards dimipated
by Balboa. Columbus hoped to
reach eastern Asia by hla course
westward, and thought be had
foicd the treasures ot the east.
What must have been the un
bounded enthusiasm ot Henry VII.
after be bad granted a license to
the Cabots to open a northwest
passage to Asia, to learn that
Newfoundland and other . Islands
had been discovered by tbem, and
their possession secured as outly
ing Islands of China or' Japan.
Time and subsequent explorations -have
corrected this error. Anoth
er Instance . ot the-same 'Sort la
jtContinued on page 2.) -