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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 18, 1921)
THE OREGON STATESMAN. SALI.M, ORE GON
- ' FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY. 18, 1921 1
1 : r
"WHO'S FOR A DIVIDE?" THUNDERED I
H JO. MEEK AT- CHAMPOEG ON MAY 2 1843
; : - t 5 vi -3
At th4l Place and at that Time Decision Was 3Iade Which Placed the Oregon Country
T Within the Territory of the United States Instead of Being and Becoming a Pail of
l the British EmDireThe Painting of that Scene Which Has Been a Great Labor of
the British EmpireThe Painting
Lbte ton the Part of Theodore Gegoux.
ft m -1 . it. . .
i . . j' lew (Doniui ago a picture ue-
j 1 pletinfc 'the birth of civil govern-
; mf tit ift Oregon was completed by
f . a - FreocH-Canadian artist, Theo
J , I do'tff Gegouxfon the very scene ot
me memoraoie event- -;nampoeg.
about 23 miles north of Salem
'ThI picture, which includes all
the prlncioal characters that par
ticipated Jn the famous controver-
' y, tZ year ago, was not produced
- over 'night,-but represents the ard
. nous. task- ot searching over a wide
territory 1 lor daguerotypes and
: photographs of the early pioneers,
, that covered a period of over four
' years. 'IfjWas Impossible, In many
Instances to' secure likenesses tak
1 en, withlu good many years of
the occasion at Champoeg. which
made it necessary to paint in composite-portraits.
Of others no plc
; tnren'wer in existence, and in
such Instances Sir. Gegoux visited
the famfliei of the pioneers he
wished' to depict,, and learned
from "verbal descriptions Just how
the' face and figures looked. He
. also, paid Special attention to the
characteristics ot the men, and in
2 ; the finished picture he has en
deavored to incorporate these lit
;tTe persotial habits.
In. this work Mr. Gegoux has
beenf so i successful that friends
and relatives ot the old pioneers;
- - ,i l 'ij F
upon viewing the picture have in
stantly recognized the individual
The canvas is seven by eleven
feet, and shows the dramatic mo
ment -when Joseph Meek stands
with upraised hand, calling for a
similar manifestation from Irs
companions if they, with him, are
in favor of a civil torm or. gov
ernment and uniting Oregon with
the Union. Father Blanch-tte,
who stood loyal to the Canadians.
occupies the center of the canvas
with Joseoh Meek, and several
figures of the French tettiers are
also truthfully drawn.
Indians are a minor but inter
esting detail, occupying a place in
the background, where they view
the strange activities of the "pale
face." The Willamette river
curves Into the distance, being
shut off from nearer view by the!
Hudson's Hay company's neao-,
Mr. Gesoux spent many months
studying the atmosphere before
beginning the picture, and in the
hazy blue mistiness of his treat
ment he has preserved in a pecul
iarly truthful way the atmosphere
of a May day.
Mr. Gegoux is petitioning the
1921 session of the Oregon legis
lature to set aside an appropria
tion with wbr.'ch to purchase the
work, to hang; as a perpetual me
mortal in thei state capitol. Talk
ing with many of the olden-tlma
residents, and 1 learning of their
lack of information concerning the
birth or civil government in Ore
gon, it would seem indeed, as
though some measure should be
taken by the state whereby one
of its most dramatic and interest-
inz incidents in its formation is.
preserved. For. if the older gen
eration is lacking in this informa
tion surely the youager and com
ing generation will Teanain woeful
ly in ignorance of a matter of
lundamentat importance, .if a
proper pride is fostered and main
tained in the great Oregon com
monwealth. (The above was written by Mol-
lie Brunk, society editor of The
Statesman, who has, taken a great
interest In Mr. Gegoux and his
work. Mr. Gegoux makes his
home in the memorial building
erected by the state at Champoeg.
whAri h is caretaker. A brief
hlstorv of the famous meeting de
picted by the painting is contain
ed in the article in mis issue uum
the pen or George II. mraes.-Kd.)
tion after generation as it succeeds
them in place and importance one
after another? Upon whom do
we rely for favor save upon Him
at last to whom our praise is due
for these bountiful gifts and in
We have recounted the steps ot
our advancement. We have given
evidence of our attachment to Our
state, and we have shown that our
great aim is to promote every
thing calculated to increase our
happiness and to enlarge our es
tates. We fully appreciate what
our pioneers have done for us, and
what we must do in their name for
posterity. The western has met
the eastern civilization at our very
door. The influences of our su
perior culture are felt in the ori
ent, and are making marked
rhsnees in the superstitions of
the east. In view , of the rising
.grandeur ot our young state, with
vhat more fitting words can I
close this address than by adopt
ing the language of Col. lienton s
beautiful apostrophe to Oregon de
livered 30 years ago:
"I do not dilate upon the value
and extent of this great country.
A word suffices to display both.
In extent it is larger than tbe At
lantic portion of the old 13 Unit
ed States; in climate, sorter, in
fertility, greater; in salubrity, su
perior; in. position, better, oecause
fronting. Asia, ana wasnea Dy a
tranquil sea. In all these particu-
A BRIEF DESCRIPTION
v 'OEsSTATE OF OREGON
i V( Continued from page 3.)
on, May 2. 1843. when the report
qf'tbe committee on organization
came.up lor consideration,
, : In 1875, .the officers of the
' Oreg on Pioneer Association re
, quested f. Honorable , Z. Quinn
Thornton, ja pioneer of 1846, to
: ' tfiepate a short history of the
- provisional government. While
Thornton was not an eye witness
ot the- event 'he describes, yet
very 5 soon ' after his arrival in
Oregon lie became personally ac
quainted with almost every per
son -Vhdi was present at the meet
ing" of May -2. ' 143, and from
them 5hef obtained the following:
Oh:MaT 2.T1843. both the
friend i and enemies of the pro
posed 'government met at Cbam
ptet. - The' voters drilled and
trained by the Hudson Bay Com-
nanr -were? nromptly on the
ground in the open field near a
small house and without any hesi
tancy' vole" "no" where they
hOuld have voted "yes" under
the 'tactics suggested by Le Bre
. ton" -who. - after there bad been
considerable skirmishing in force.
as If to .feet the strength of the
enemy, concluded that there was
a fair chance tor the adoption ot
Tin Teport ot the committee and
. CtcUinied; v. 1 vr
"We can risk it; let us divide'
As quick as tongue coum utter
the words. William If. Gray em
phasized the proposition by say
ing with great animauou;
"I second the motion:
ji MeV thundered out with
an earnestness not less than he
would manifest in an attacK upon
a grizzly bear:
"Who's tor a dlvldeT"
And as he stepped quickly and
nervously in front of the settlers
he added in a voice that rang
out clear as though It was the
death knell to anarchy:
"All tor the report ot the com
mittee and organization will fol
low me! .
This move -was sudden and
quite unexpected at that stage of
the proceedings, and it wes elec
trical In its effect. Americans
followed the patriotic; large
hearted trapper and his Rocky
mountain companions and their
allies, and tlrey counted 52, while
their adversaries numbered but
50. then in the "three cheers
for our side." proposed by Meex,
there went ud such a shout a3
Champoeg never heard before and
never "will again.
The following Is a list of per
sons who voted in favor of the
organization of the provisional
government at Champoeg. May 2,
,i Arrived In
lars, the western slope of our con
tinent is far more happy than tbe
eastern. In configuration, it l In
expressibly fine and grand a vast
oblong square with natural bound
aries, and a single gateway into
tbe sea. Tbe snow-capped Rocky
mountains enclose it to tbe east,
and an iron-bound coast on the
west, a frozen desert on the north
and sandy plains on tbe south. All
its rivers, rising on the segment I
of a vast circumference, run to
meet each other in the center, and
then flow together Into the ocean
through a gap in the mountains
where the heats ot summer and
the colds of winter are never relt.
and where southern and northern
diseases are equally unknown.
This is the valley or the Columbia
a country whose every advant
age is round by the advantages ot
position and configuration; by the
unity of all parts the Inaccessi
bility of its borders, and its single
introgression to the sea. Such a
country is termed ror union,
wealth and strength. It can have
but one capital, and that will be
a Thebes; but one commercial em
porium, and that will be Tyre,
queen ot cities. Such a country
can have but one people, one in
terest, one government; and that
people should be American, that
interest and that government re
publican. Accursed and infamous
be the man that divides or alien
the Judicial history of California
Not a breath of suspicion was
ever entertained by the people
that he had not done bis full
duty as a Judge. Ills Integrity
and honesty ofpurpose was well
known to the people h9 lived
among for so many years. He
died on the 15th of January,
1919, mourned by those whom he
bad served to well.
of a committee to locate the site
of Champoeg where the meetins
of May 2, 1843. was held. The
Wislature of 1901 appropriated
300 on recommendation of Gov
ernor Geer. and on May 2. 1901.
the fifty-eighth anniversary of the
vnt i commemorated, a mon-
nmpnt was unveiled witn appro
nriate ceremonies. bine? men.
at each recurring anniversary,
this notheworthy event has been
celebrated in a befitting manner.
, Six years ago ins siaiw ac
quired 13 acres at this point bor
dering upon the Willamette riv
er, which in time can oe maae
into a most beautiful park.
For the purpose or erecting a
building on the lands acquired by
the state, designated as. Provi
sional Government Park, and to
build a fence arOund the same an
appropriation of 3000 was made
y the 1917 legislature.
Ueo. ll. uimes.
Portland, Ore.. June 1, 1917.
THE CONSTITUTION OF
OREGON IS UNIQUE
(Continued from page 3.)
SOME CELEBRITIES OF
1 PACIFIC COAST STATES
Iiroderickj liakcr. Judge Coffey, Sam Shortridge, Robert
Stanfield; a Galaxy of Genius and Greatness and Patriot
ism and Honesty, Holding to High Ideals and Devotion to
the Saying Grace of Hard Work.
FRIDAY-MORNING, FEBRUARY 18, 1921.
THE TREES AND SHRUBS j I
ON THE CAPITOL GROUND
There Are a Hundred and Twenty Varieties, and Their .Cera, h
roon and Scientific Names Are Given Below, the Nnmbera j'
Corresponding to a Plat at the Offke of the Secretary tj I
State, Showing the Location of Each Tree and Shrub j,
and Around the Capitol urounns
Place of TMrth
...New York ...
...New York ...
.Armstrong, Pleasant;. l. ..
Babcoek, Dr. I. L. . .
, ftailev. Dr. W. J. ..!...
neeYs.rAlanson: , ; ; ;. r. . . qonnecticut .
tJridtea.-J. 2. ;.....!.'
, Burns. Hugh
Campo, Charles ............
, Canpqn.l William Pennsylvania .
Clark.. Ker. Harvey ......... Vermont ....
CrawJordMedprem .. i. New York ...
Cook, Amos ............. Maine .......
- Davie, Allen J. .V . . . .1. . . Alabama
Doughty, William M. North Carolina
Ebbertt.! George W. .......... . Kentucky
Fletchen Prncif ............. EngUnd ....
r.mf r.fM . England
Gale Joseph 4 .... .i. .......... District ot Columbia. 1800
Gray. William H. New York. .... . . . . -110
- Griffin. Rev.. John S. Vermont
Haoxhurst. .Webley, . New York ....
'Hill.; David .1....... ....Connecticut ...
Holman,;. Joseph England
.Howard.1 John ,. . . . . .
Hlnes, Rev. Gustavus ..New York ....
Hobbrd. T. J Massachusetts
Johnsonj WJlllam ... England
, Jadrton, Rv. L. IL Connecticut . . .
,,'Le' Breton. Geo. W. ........ .u . .Massachusetts .
Ieslle Kev. David .... . . . .. . . . New Hampshire
' T4 phn . New York ....
' Ltfcterjitlenne Canada 1783
, Matthieu. Francois X Canada
Mek Joseph L. Virginia 1810
ircKay. iCharles ....At sea (Scotch)
t.f.vr TJnhrt , Pennsylvania 1781
V. - . , ........ .. . . M
. . . 1812
Morrisorli John L. ............. Scotland
Newell. PrA Robert t-..... . Ohio ...
iO'Nell. Janres A. New York
ParrlshJ Rev. J. L. New York .......
Plckernell. John Edmunds England
i i Rnhh: James R. Pennsylvania ......1816
mination was in the ratification
of our constitution on the 14th
of February. 1859.
This event should be celebrated
each year with an eclat worthy
or tne early pioneers, the men
who prepared and adopted our
constitution, and in remembrance
of our people who ratified by
their votes this document which
has made our state worthy of ad
miration and enabled' it to at
tain the exalted position which it
has held in the tl years of Its ex
istence. LAYING CORNER STONE
- OF OREGON CAPITOL
(Continued from page 2.)
t Smith; AlvinT.
.Smith, Sidney . .
' -Smith, Solomon H.
Maine ....... 1814
.... . Pennsylvania 1R04
...... New York . ........ 1809
New Hampshire ....1809
C -Tibbetts; Calvin Massachusetts
' VWestou.l David Indiana .1820
.iWllktaai' Taleh .... .....Ohio 1810
WllHOBA. E. ........... Massachusetts
' WlllsonJ Dr. W. H. ............ New Hampshire 180 183
4 'The following list of French settlers comprises those who voted
against the organization:
. . Aobichon. Jen B.
Ausaot, Loula .
, Aruuolt; Amable '
; JJargiy. Cyfot
r BolversJ Louis :
- Boneufaot, Antoine
' Br iscboli, Alexis ;
." ' '."Brbicbois, Oliver:',
. .Erunelle, Joseph
i Chaluoux. Andre
: Chamberlain, Adolph Laderout, Xavier
. Cornoyer, Joseph Jaferty, Mlcnet
t Depot. Pierre
, . Attet" permanent organization,
' the majority of these men acted
the part of good citizens by sup-
potilagi-lhe provisional govern-
mnnt, and all became naturalized
, ' as soon1 as possible after the Unl-
,ted States extended its jurisdlc-
tlou' over the ''Oregon country,
: March 3, 1849.
n addition to providing the
La Prate, Alexis
La Framboise, Mlchtl Van Dalle, Louis R
Lalcoure, Jean D i
Ducharme. Jean B
La Chapelle, Andre
La Uonte, Louis
"necessary ofticerst a legislative
committee 'of. nine was chosen,
and after several meetings of that
body- a final one was held on
Alanson Beers and Joseph Gale
were elected an executive com
mittee to en'orce the laws that
had been passed and to nerve un
til May, 1844. :
Thus the provisional govern
ment ot Oregon was launched and
It continued in forc-e until March
C. 1819. when the territorial gov
ernment began, with General Jo
seph Lane as the executive.
At the annual meetins of the
Oregon Historical Society, held
December 1U. 1H53, Governor T.
Jul C' .JSUjhjeajDavlJ UIJTGecr, was appoiattd chaixniau
increase the number of consum
ers, and to retain these means in
tbe country. The state requires
manufactures, so that when the
farmer shall fail from the causes
named the state may be carried
over the temporary embarrass
ment by their strength and solid
ity. As with cereals, so it will be
with the manufactured commodi
ties: the great wealth to be deriv
ed from them depends upon the
demand for them abroad. When
one particular branch fails, others
will provide and temper the de
pression so that its Infection will
be scarcely felt. We .are here re
minded that there is no corner
stone to our industries. We will
lay that today also, and from
thence the edifice in which every
conceivable trade shall find sup-
Dort. Manuractures or every de
scription shall be opened, and la
bor in all its phases snail be
crowned with satisfactory reward.
Let us establish that unity of in
terests which insures the bless
lines of commerce, and which
I counteracts temporary disturbanc
es occasioned by the failure of any
individual industry, which is so U
able to occur. Then we will sur
round our farming interests with
manufactures and make our com
mercial fortress impregnable.
Economy, with wonderful par
ticularity. has been observed by
our people in all their work. Still
they have been liberal and indul
gent to themselves in all tnings
Constant and refreshing toll has
accomplished all that we behold.
As laborers in their several occu
pations. Oregonians have quietly
performed their pleasant task
without ostentation. Onward and
upward they have gone, prompted
by circumstances of great necessi
ty, and with the power of the will
alone to move and aid them.
They have secured their prize.
They have brought contentment,
frugality and plenty to their
hearthstones; they have made
their, own duties pastimes ot Joy
rather than burden. Who shall
praise these laborers but the gold
en fields, tempting orchards and
liberal pastures, that dot the sur
face of our state? Who shall
praise them but our neat and
comely towns and cities and their
busy denizens? Who shall praise
them but the institutions or learn
ing which now smile upon their
work and move on in harmony
with their development? Who
shall praise them but the elements
that arc now permeating our com
merce and placing our products
foremost in foreicn markets? Who
shall praise them but our wheat
as It goes down to the sea, thence
to aid In sustaining the world?
, Who shall praise them lilt cnera-
By Judgo Peter II. D'Arcy
In looking, over the history of
the Pacific ooast. there is noth
ing that cart excel in courage,
fortitude and Intense endeavor its
settlement and the many able and
distinguished men who cime into
the Oregon country and Califor
nia in the pioneer days.
This was forcibly brought to
the writer's attention in a recent
visit to San Francisco when he
visited Laurel Hill cemetery. In
that cemetery two ot the most
noted men who came to the coast
are burled. A targe and impos
ing monument has bcten erected
over the grave of David C. Brod
erick. a United States senator of
California. He was ome of the
senators ot the fifties. Was elect
ed to that position on the 10th of
January. 1857; was chosen as a
Democrat, but his abhorrence of
slavery and his detestation ot
everything; connected therewith
caused htm to break with his
party. H became a Union Dem
ocrat. When he took the stand
he did against slavery he was a
marked man. It had been de
termined by the slave oligarchy
that B rode rick should die. True
to thet traditions and traits . of
character of his race, he being
an American, born of Irish par
ents, he refused to recant the
ideas which he had formed of
The political struggles which
followed the position which he
had taken In behalf of the consti
tution of the United States and
his efforts to supplant the slave
power of America was of a fierce
and tragic character.
In spite of tbe assaults made
upon him be stood firmly by his
principles, the sequel of which
was he was brutally murdered by
David S. Terry, a noted slavery
politician, a practiced and exper
ienced duelist, on Tuesday, 13th
of September, 1859.
Broderick in his youth worked
on the capitol building at Wash
ington. D. C, chiseling the mar
ble columns which his father had
contract ot erecting. On his
monument in Laurel Hill ceme
tery we find the following inscription:
"Broderick - Senator -
Mechanic. Born Washing
ton. D. C.. Feby. 4, 1820.
Partially 'shattered by the
earthquake of April 18,
1906. Restored to its pres
ent condition- by the Trus
tees of Laurel Hill Ceme
tery, Oct., 1906."
At the age of 39 years there
passed away one of the great
Americans who, rather than sur
render his principles of the true
manner ot governing this coun
try, yielded up his life in defense
of them. The murder or Brod
erick by Terry aroused the peo
ple or CamornIa and those of the
North in a manner little thought
of by men who bad participated
in assisting in his wanton mur
der. Thirty years after Terry
murdered Broderick he was shot
and killed by Deputy United
States Marshal Eagle at Lathrop.
Calif., in defense of Justice
Field, a member of the United
States supreme court. So per
ished a man always disloyal to
tne institutions of our country.
Before his death Broderick
had done valiant service In behalf
of the loyal people of the United
States. He was mourned by them
as a martyr to the cause ot lib
erty. President Lincoln regret
ted his death and the loss the
union cause had sustaned.
forces enlisted and
ized by himself."
Col. Baker was a remarkable
character. He came to Califor
nia In 1852. He was one ot those
men whose genius attracts the
attention of people with whom he
comes in contact. His eloquence
and brilliancy of speech com
manded the admiration of his
audience and rendered him an
exceptionally formidable antag
onist. As a Jury lawyer he was
the superior of any person who
practiced at the bar in California,
when it coftld boast of having a
splendid array or brilliant law
yers. His eloquent tunerai ad
dress over the remains ot his
friend. Senator Broderick, when
he lay cold and mute, was a mas
terpiece. Not meeting the politi
cal success he desired and antici
pated in California, he came to
Oregon. He arrived here in
April. 1860, and was elected Unit
ed States senator in September
of tbe same year. His election
was brought about by a combi-
natin of tbe Republicans and
Union Democrats in the legisla
ture o! our state. Baker had
been an officer in the Black Hawk
and Mexican wars. When war
was declared by foolish and mis
guided men or the south against
the Union he ottered his services
to President Lincoln which were
gladly accepted. Onepf the most
spectacular features of his life
was when on his return from the
field ot war he appeared in the
United States senate clothed in
the uniform of an U. S. army of
ficer, and, laying his sword upon
his desk, made his eloquent ad
dress In reply to Senator Breck
inridge. This speech inspired the
loyal people of the nation. It
was only a short time therater
when he was killed at Balls Bluff.
Prior to coming to Oregon he
bad represented the people of
Illinois as representative in con
gress for two terms. In his death
our citizens lost one or the ablest
defenders of the Union. His
death was a severe loss to those
desiring the success and perpetu
ation ot our institutions.
jay earnest reco'iecuon was
that of being led by the band by
my father and listening to an elo
quent Fourth of July address de
livered by Col. Baker under a
large oak tree which formerly
stood on the lot now occupied by
th steusloff meat market and
c.her buildings. He seemed to
me in by boyhood fancy as the
largest and oldest man I had
ever seen, yet he was but
years of age at the time or his
death and was not an exception
ally large n?an. Although born
in England, he espoused the cause
or the Union with great en thus!
asm and was a fitting representa
tive of Oregon. He was a gallant
derender of tin cause of freedom
and sincerely In favor of its pres
ervation. He should have been
buried In Oregon rather than in
California. While he needs no
monument to endear him to the
loyal people of America, vet it
would be a proper memento or
the past for California to erect
a suitable monument to his pat
nousm in tne hour of the na
tion's peril when it was as sought
10 uismember the Union.
California in the late election
made a splendid record in elect
ing S. M. Shortridge. a former
Salem boy. to th? United
States senate. Mr. Shortridge
and was a boyhood friend of tbe
writer of this article. It is a
pleasure to tbe friends of Mr.
Shortridge who knew him in the
old days in our city to know that
he has succeeded professionally
and politically. He has occupied
a! distinguished position at the
bar In San Francisco ever since
he engaged in thrs practice ot his
profession. He has been employed
in some of the most important
cases which have been tried in
California in receat years. He is
an eloquent speaker, well versed
in tbe law. Hi3 success in the
late election was a surprlce to
many. It was thought that it waa
impossible to defeat Senator Phe
lan. Senator Shortridge's well
known integrity was a tower of
strength in his favor. He had
ever been faithful to the Repub
lican party. He never had been
a trimmer, but stood for his par
ty's stalwart principle. -Notwithstanding
the fact that the wealth
ot California was for Mr. Pbelan,
the people arose in their majesty
and power and elected Mr. Short
ridge as United States senator.
This is a position he is well qual
ified to fill on account of hU
legal ability . and tbe splendid
qualifications he possesses. He
will be a fit successor to Senator
Broderick and tire other able
senators California has selected to
represent her people. Tbe citi
zens of Salem will watch with
pleasure and pride the successful
career of Senator Shortridge.
Speaking of United States sen
ators, it Is with much pleasure
that the writer refers to our new
United States senator Robert N.
Stanfleld. He will be one of the
most active senators that Oregon
has ever-sent to that grear delib
erative assembly. Senator Stan-
field Is a thorough going bust
ness man. having worked his Way
from a poor boy to the exalted
position which, he now occupies.
Being a native son and knowing
the wants ot our state from per
sonal observation of a distinctive
and discriminating character, tbe
needs of the great state of Oregon
ill be properly looked after.
Senator Stanfield's record as an
official will reflect credit on the
good Judgment of our people who
nave been wise enough to see the
necessity ot the election of such
a man at this time, the most im
portant in the history of the na
tion. Senator Stanfield Is a true
American. 111$ first love will be
tbe country in which be was born
end to which he owes his tin
divided allegiance. Ho is inca
pable of resorting to thicks of the
ordinary politician. His broad
view of life will not permit him
to do this. His special talent as
a business man will enablA him
to look after tbe best Interests of
our state. All hall to the wisdom
of the people of Oregon who have
seen fit to elect a personage of
tne substantial qualities ot Sen
State of Oregon, Department of
State. Salem. Feb. 5. 1921.
Enclosed find a list of the vari
ous trees and shrubs in and
around the capitol grounds.
The numbers are as shown on
the plat which was exhibited to
you some days ago upon your visit
to the department. If you do not
run It with the plat. It may b of
much information to the pubUe
generally to merely run the list.
You wiU observe mat mere are
some lzu aiirerenr. varieties oi
trees and shrubs.
Yours very truly,
Sam A. Kozer.
Secretary of State.
Another distinguished resident
or the Pacific coast who was a
noted citizen ot Oregon as well
as or California, was Colonel Ed
ward Dickinson Baker. He lies
buried In Laurel Hill cemetery a
6hort distance trom where Brod
erick Tests. There U no marble
monument to mark his burial
place, but a simple slab covers
his remains on which is in
scribed: "Edward Dickinson Baker
Born in London. Feby. 2,
111. Killed while leading
a forlorn hope at the battle
ot Balls Bluff. Virginia. Oct..
161. At the time cf his
death he was a senator from
the state or Oregon, and
though holding an important
position as major general,
was acting as colonel com
manding a brigade ot U. S.
59. Nordman fir
60. Azalea mollis (Chlnet e azat
ea). j j
61. Swiss stone pine (piBucasw
bra). i I
Sycamore maple i(p
apace ror bias reference to
many other distinguished men of
the raclic coast at this time.
DEf IS IS SPEAKER
BEFORE REiLTY MEW
Eastern Oregon Senator
Otlv?r Notable Jlon
Another personage who occu
pied a prominent place In the his
tory the Pacific coast was
Judge James V. Coffey, a Jurist in
San Francisco for 36 years. Ho
was a Judge who had Jurisdiction
of. probate matters. His early
training was In the newspaper
business, being editor of th! San
Francisco Examiner for a num
ber ofyears as a young man. His
clear and comprehensive grasp of
the principles or law, his method
ical ways, made him one of the
bst judges that ever presided in
a court. Free from arrogance
ind tyrannical methods assumed
by some judges of small calibre,
he made a name for himself in
he trial of causes that enabled
him to rach the pinnacle of ju
iHal endeavor. His written
opinions were models of law and
literary ability. As a jurist bo
tried 40.000 rases involving
SKOO.Oou.ooo. Some of the noted
case tried In which he wrote
elaborate opinions were the
Sharon and Spreckles will cases
and many others too numerous
to mention in this article. The
above causes were noted ones In
Stirring loyalty was the key
note of an addrerit given by Sena
tor Dennis of LaGrande yester
day during the noonday luncheon
or the Marlon County Realty as
sociation at the Marlon hotel. The
remarks or th senator were es
pecially fitting for such an orean.
Ization and an enthusiastic vote'
manxs was tendered the sneak
cr at the close.
in comparison with conditions
on the brosd acreage ot the east
ern part of the stat rrom which
iv comes, tne aire need or rinan
riai oacKing in the Willamette
iey '""nothing. Mr. Dennis
said. The rinancial depression in
this part or the Mate is relt but
very little, largely due to the
ract that farming- and stock rais
ing pursuits are carried nn
smaller scale and marketable pro
ducts to a great extent, have been
"More homes and
are th great need ot the stat,"
the speaker declared, and called
attention to the maly thousands
or acres awaiting the call of the
homeseeker or the states less rav
ond rrom a climatic standpoint.
Senator Dennis, though In sym
pathy with the tourist appropria
tion before the legislature, ex
pressed In no uncertain terms the
urgency i.r the need ot some ac
tion being taken toward coloniza
tion of the state. Tourists and
slrhtseers will come and some
will buy and come back to make
their homes here, but an active,
co-operative rkmnaUn of advertis
ing for good substantial settlers,
not prospectors. Is what th state
needs, the speaker naid.
A communication has been re
ceived by L. . I fay ford, president
or the association, regarding the
national mectinz if the associa
tion or ral estate boards, to be
held in July in Chicago. A boost
ers' cotnmittcv will bf appointed
by the president at the next mat
ing which will be th regular
monthly business meeting of the
Horse chestnut (Esculus).
White pine (pinus strobus).
Catalpa Indian bean (catal-
Monumental yew (Texas bac-
5. Golden holly (Her aqnfoll-
6. English hawthorn (Coceln
Golden Retlnospora (retlnos-
. oora piaifera aurea).
8. Deutzia tlemorlne's).
9. Red bud or Judas tree (Cer-
Crimson Norway maple (Ac
11. English laurel (K aim la laU-
12. Water Elra (olmus).
12. Cork bark elra (nlmus).
14. Cnrly-leaf holly (Ilex).
15. Snirea (orunlfolla pleno).
16. Japanese barberry (purpola)
17. Japanese yew (taxas cnspia
1S Crvtomaria Japonlea (lobbl)
19. Mock orange or Syrinta
20. WelMlia rosea (dlervllla)
21. Golden bell (viburnum Opu
22. Cam per down elm (pendula)
22. Purple Lilac (vulgaris).
24. LaurlsUnus (Hongarion Ian
25. Flowering almond (rabra
26. American linden (tlllaAmar
27. Sweet gum (liguldamber
28. Secjuoy gigantea (red wood).
29. Irish yew (taxus fasti glata).
30. Oriental spruce (pica oriea-
31. Sassafras (sassafras varifoll-
32. Verlgated cypress (eupres-
33. Tulip or poplar tree (Urlo
V dendron tullpifera).
34. Golden yew (taxus aurea).
35. Sliver leaf box elder (nogun-
Globe box (buxus verlgated
Persimmon (dlospyros Vir
ginian). Spirea (Anthony waterer).
39. Plum-like or green retlns-
40. Tamarix Amarlcan (tamar
41. Rocky mountain cedar (Ju-
42. American whit birch (be-
43. Oregon or soft maple (acer
44. Chinese white magnolia
45. Green Japanese maple (acer
46. Plumed Arborvita (pyrmld
47. Cut-leaf birch (laclnlata
48. Lennes magnolia (lennell)
49. Black walnut (Juglans nig
40. English yew (taxus bacats).
51. European linden (Ullla vul
52. Cedar ot Lebanon (cedrns
53. American elm (ulmus -Amer
54. White lilac (alba syrlnra).
55. Cut-leaf Japan maple (atro-
56. Goat or pussy willow (salix
57. Welgelia rosa verlgated
58. Noble fir (abies nobills
63. Tree hydrangea (rraxdin.
ra). I J
64. American chestnut (castas
chrysopbylla. j .
65. Golden cedar or Eaxitsti
weeping (pendula). !
66. Shell bark hickory (cam.
67. American bamboo. I t
8. Calycanthus florid as (itm( l!
69. Paper or canoe birch (betiU
papyrifera). . j ' 7
70. Silver willow (pendala).
71. Spirea alba (white pire).
72. Bull pine (pinus poaderowj.
73. American arborvita (tarn
74. Japanese; snowball! -'(vat,
nam plicatum). j ' .
75. Scarlet fringe or smokt tn$
76. Oregon grape (berleriae
aquifolium). - .
77. Ohio buckeye (aesculsi cUV
Ta). f .
71. Snow call (viburnum).
79. Ah-lear maple (aegvato).
tO. Flowering quince (Japooka)
81. Flowering elder (cimbucii)
J2. Weeping willow (tyjix babj.
S3. Persimmon (JaponJisa).
14. Ginko or maidenhair tres !
(sallsburla adiaatilolU).- :
85. Calycanthus (florid as). .'
86.. Colorado bine sprmce (plce
' puagens). I .
87. Golden-leaf box el4er (as. t
rundo). '. i
88. Compact Juniper (compacts) '
89. Smooth-leaf holly (tsef vt- 1 -
90. Virginia red cedar (Jualpe
91. Silver-leaf linden Mm r- ;
92. Port Orfor cedar, i
93. Honey locust (gledluciU w
triacanthus). ) ( j
si. ueunospora tsquarrosa ve: '
95. Golden privet (aires
96- Spirea alba (arguU).
97. Teas weeping mulberry (Urn
98. Flowering crab (pyruj Coil
99. Teas Japanese hybrid caUl
pa (catalpa hybrida).
100. Rock or sugar maple list
sac ha ram). 1
101. Mounts la lilac
102. Strawberry bush (amarte:
103. Bay tree (persea btrboial
104. Law sons cypress (euprer
ta veil '
lawsoniana). i I
10S. Rhododendron I (mi ;
mum). I !
106. Cotoneaster (mlcrophyUi).
107. Pin oak (querens pslcstrti). ,
118. Hlghbush eran berry t(oxyc3e j
CBS). ' i
109. Japanese purple maple (itr
eanqulnenm). t f i
110. Golden chain (cytlscs lai
111. Bay-leaved willow (uTx-
pentandra). i -
112. Oriental sycamore (platsaa
113. Carolina buckthorn (rtaa
114. Persian Rlae (perica).i
115. Ocean spray or iron-wool
116. Staghom sumach (rats &7-
117. Golden spirea (pkysocarytf
118. Yellow Jasmine (Jumiai
119. White ash (fraxlnus saurf-
120. Golden twigged Cogweel
(As no doubt the reader ki al
ready Interred, the above
refer to number oa the plat lati
office of the secretary of stats,
that any one who rpsy be li term
ed In a study of tbe trees raay. r
referring to the plat, qsickly fi
any variety or individual tree
shrub. Ed.) , I '
I nnimn innnr nir innnif I
I HUUNU ABUUr Int LUdIII
c : '
In appreciation of the services
of Speaker Louis E. Bean during
the present' sesiion. the house
yesterday afternoon suspended
the order or business ror a few
minutes and present to Mr. and
Mrs. Rean a silver cofree urn and
complete service. The presenta
tion was made by Representative
Herbert Gordon of Multnomah.
Both Mr. and -Mrs. Bean respond
ed In short talks to the presen
Mrs. R. McMurphey of Eugene
has been a visitor at tbe state
house this week. She accom
panied the grand - matron of the
Eastern Star upon an official rt
It to the local chapter. Mrs. Mc
Murphey Is the junior past grand
Colonel W. O. D. Mercer, ser-
geant-at-arms and chaplain or the
senate, has accepttd an invitation
to address the state bar associa
tion which will be in session ni
Astoria March 19. His snblrct
will 1e The Immortality of the
Soul." Supplemental to this, he
has revived an invitation to re
main over the next day in. Astoria
and deliver the same address at
the First Presbyterian church In
H. i'. Wheeler, sage of Pleasant
ot Laae, Is here press miblj
offset somewhat the efforts i -
city officials of Eugene.)!
county, who would divert rM
funds from the county fjeasarT
to the treasuries of the el1
where such funds are raised.
Former Representative'. Elmo
of Brownsville, who realizes U
weaknesses, faults and foibles j
the members as they can odT
understood by one who is aJ
a seat for several sessions, w1
the day. and probably the
by giving the opening prater u
, Former Representative y'
gren and D. C. Lewis have b
interested spectators from P0"
land during the past week.
it Is not believed that ther
contented themselves ia sppe"1
entirely In the roles ot laBOceti
ILULUOAD HEAD rASSC?
cy railroad at Quincy. Ills-
HI. prominent granger and for-i resignation ia 1913. the rnro
PORTLAND, Ore. Fcty tl.
Ferdinand O. tlA. 73. who ftr
w years previous to cum" .
Portland la 1913 was agent fr
tne Chicago. Hurungion ss
tlY m?mber' w" visitor here company presented him itk
this wek. I bonus as penion wereis
County Conimissiunet Harlow, tablisbed at, thai time, i '