The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, January 27, 1921, Page 9, Image 9

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    THURSDAY MORNING. JANUARY 27. 1921
8
Labish Meadows, District Alone Is Headed Towards a Two Million Dollar
Annual Celery Crop, and Some Progress Is Being Made Each Year
THE OREGON STATESMAN. SALEM. OREGON
CELERY WHm ID B
What Prof. Bouquet Has to Say About it in the Bulletin
Of the Oregon Agricultural College on the Subject.
(following fs Circular 13, Ore
gon Agricultural College Exten
sion Service, department of vege
table gardening, written under
' date of April. 1917. Its author Is
I a. G. B. Bouquet, of the college,
well known to be one of the best
authorities In bis line on the Pa
I clfie coast:) i
i There is no doubt that Oregon
Is able to produce celery of the
finest size and quality. Crops of
this vegetable grown indifferent
part of the state prove this to be
to. The acreage in celery has
been growing - steadily in
accordance with. the grad
ual increases in cities in Tar
Ions districts. Many people have
bad their attention turned to the
possibilities of making 'money
from the growing and marketing
of celery. A large number of let
ters recelTed at the experiment
station show that there is a rery
decided tendency toward the
planting of quite a large area to
this erop; that is. should a ma
jority of the inquiries for informa
tion materialize into attempts to
grow the crop.
I would offer at this time a
rpeelal word of precaution to
-'those in particular who hare had
but little experience in growing
celery or even have done but lit-
ing a great deal of trouble in ev
ery way. .
Sandy loams, well fertilized.
produce good celery. They are
loose, somewhat too porous. In
fact, for retaining moisture, and
must be Irrigated more often
than the muck lands. -
Volcanic ash soils or fine silt
loams, if containing -organic mat
ter In abundance, are acceptable.
Fertilization V '
Heavy feeding is necessary for
good celery. Stable manure from
25 to 30 tons per acre is recom
mended. It- must be cut up fine
and thoroughly mixed with the
soil. Preferably use fine will
composted manure to that which
is straw and fresh.
Commercial fertilizers should
not be used as a substitute for
the above but they may some
times -be useful in supplementing
the manure. , Mot of the muck
for development; 2 by 2 Inches is
the usual distance.. The soil in.
the frames should be rich. The
young plants should be sprayed
with Bordeaux mixture when in
the frames in order to keep oft
the fungus blight.
Transplanting to the Field
Operate preferably in cloudy
weather or Just after a rain. Set
plants in freshly stirred soil.
Plants should be stocky and about
six inches high. They should be
watered down well eight to 12
hours before lifting. Organize
setting gang. Keep the plants
protected from the sun. The soil
should be loose and marked off
with marker proper distances of
setting.. Sets plants level and
straight. Do not dig any trench
es. See ' that - the roots are
straight and the . plants well
primed. Water after setting if
possible.
Cultivation
Do not stir the soli when
plants or soil are wet. Cultivate
regularly every 10 to 14 days.
Hoe frequently. Don't throw any
soil up to the plants. Especially
cultivate after irrigation
Irrigation
Both overhead sprinkling and
ditch irrigation are used. Natur
al sub-irrigation, where possible.
is best. Overhead system has
tendency to increase celery blight
due to wetting of . the leaves.
Plants should be sprayed when
young if one is going to sprinkle.
On most organic soils Irrigation
should not be frequent, out
should give sufficient amount of
or black lands are deficient in po
tash and 200 to 300 pounds ?r I water to .thoroughly wet the
muriate oi puiHD may. posaiuij deeDe8 rOOtS
be applied to advantage. All fer
tilizer work should be checked up
by using part of the same ground
for celery upon which no fertiliz
er Is used. Also various amounts
of manure and commercial fertl
lizers should be used for giving
field tests as to the economy of
tie farm work. The production f eacn
of celery is very intensive farm-1 The commercial fertilizer may
inc. and the business cannot oe I be applied broadcast before trans
learned in the growing ot the I piantng or along the row after
first crop. I would especially i tne Diants are set
recommend that one proceed Nitrate of soda acts quickly as
slowly and start with a sunicieni- a ieaf stimulant, ana two or
ly small acreage so as to warrant three light applications of this
good care and proper attention, fertilizer may be applied, care be
Then if market conditions are ing taken not to allow the nitrate
favorable one can very readily fn- to fall on the plant to prevent
crease one's acreage, and with ex-1 burning One-hundred pounds to
perience one can put out a super
ior article. :, ' -
Market 'Tor Celerr
Celery is a vegetable that will
stand up well under transporta
tion, but it must be nancuea ngm
BlU HI TIE LEADING
CEIM COW III OREGON
The Start Already Made, and the Increase of Acreage
That is Certain in the Labish Meadows District, Ren-
der Sure the Maintenance of This Leadership, With a
$2,000,000 Annual Crop at No Very Distant Day in
The Future. "
sist with bis advice any new grow
er will be worth a great deal to
the industry, to Salem and to this
whole country. For his advice will
be the advice ot an expert, not a
theorist only.
(The reader will notice that
Mr. Fukuda, in his communica
tion In this Issue, gives It as 5000
acres Ed.)
THE EARLY BIRD
(Continued from page 1)
1. FUKUDA IS Mli
FOR A S2.000.000
IB
Spraying
If the plants hare been
sprayed In the seed bed jt hey will
probably need only one or two
sprayings in the field after set
ting. For details concerning
spraying send to Department of
Plant Pathology, Q,.A; CJ, Corval-
lis, Ore.
Blanching1
In western Oregon boards are
used for blanching; 1 by 12 inch
es are placed on each side of the
row and held at the top by cleats
or stakes against the outside.
Board only a certain amount or
celery at one time enough to
market for a week or so, as the
case may be. Don't let the eel
at fTft rZnds e-T stand in the boards long at
hundred and fifty pounds! niant.
The Lake Labish district, north
of Salem, in the Quinaby, Che-
mawa and lirooas section, pro
duced last year about 9000 crates
of celery, selling at $7 a crate,
and bringing in 163,0.00. In that
district a crate Is 10 dozen bunch
es, and the crate weighs about
130 pounds.
There are now about SO acres
in celery in the Lake Labish dis
trict, an increase' of some "15 acres
in a year, and there are 13 grow
ers; which is also an increase,
from the seven growers ot 119.
, The total amount shipped last
year should have been at least
2000 more crates. The shortage
was occasioned by the scarcity of
laborers at the critical times dur
ing the growing season.
There will likely be at least
11.000 crates grown in that dis
trict this year; possibly a good
many more than that. . . '
The growers there are mostly
Japanese; but the American and
Japanese growers of that district
work together. They are now
forming an association, which
they propose to call the Labish
Meadows Celery association.
In this way they hope to co
operate in marketing and in all
other ways to work together in
mutual helpfulness. They hope.
also, to encourage the planting of
a larger acreage.
' They expect, some day, to see
5000 acres of celery in that dls
one
per acre Is a normal application,
a two-weeks' interval elapsing un
til the next application.
Lime Is usually) beneficial on
organic soils and the Kalamazoo
ter being blanched. '. The plants
should be 12 to 14 Inches nign
when the boards are used. Six
teen to 24 days will be necessary
to blanch the celery.
Dirt is sometimes used for late
Not a great deal ot Oregon celery growers use 600 to 800 pounds of r "i" " TLl Tthere is not
is exported. Local market Jtarn- aau annualy per acre, spread cd7 i0,,,? J
much rain. Drain tile or paper
on a small scale are suitable.
Harvesting .'!
The color will determine the
time of diggtngLift wltb a fork.
strio off poor outer leaves and
I trim the root to a four-elded cone.
w - "v. v " 1 . . . ,., 1 I V.
ish most of the business. There broadcast and harrowed in lightly,
is no market for dirty, ungraded, it is claimed that it assists the
wilted celery. Nor does the trade quality of the celery and makes
want pithy, blighted, or wemisnea the stalks more brittle , and ten
stalks. Rather, It ts aesireo. u der.
they be medium to large size, wen l Plant Production
graded, thoroughly cleaned, neat
ly blanched, free irom Q1"UM 10.000 plants, , one will have to I Take to tne pacning snea, waso.
or blemish ot any una ana n if . ver 30.000 for one I rinse ana graae. ine ceiery
trict, which would mean a $2,
000.000 annual crop. (See the
communication In this issue of
Roy K. Fukuda, the pioneer and
outstanding celery grower of the
Lake Labish district.)
The 9000 crates of Lake Labish
celery sent lo. market last year
went mostly to Butte and Hillings
and .Great Falls. Mont., and to
Grand Forks, X. D., and other
I points in the 'Dakotas and Mon
tana.
There is every reason to be
lieve that the Lake Labish district
will steadily Increase its celery
acreage, year after year. On ac
count of the importance of that
celery district. Marion county la
now the leading celery growing
county rfn Oregon, and it is bound
to maintain that lead, for celery
in a small or large way ia grown
all over the county, on many dlf
ferent kinds of soils, and there
will' also be a constant increase
in the Industry outside of the
Lake Labish district.
By the way. let'a all quit call
ing it' Lake Labish. for there Is
no longer any lake there, and
there has not been any lake there
for a long, long time. Let's call
it the Labish Meadows district,
for that is what it is and the
richest meadow district In all the
world, for celery growing, and
onion growing, and spinach, and
hemp, and mint, and a long list
ot other products requiring a very
deep, rich soil.
not to interfere with the com
panion crop.
Lettuce, a cool weather plant,
must be sown as early as the soil
can be worked to get a crop, par
ticularly of the nead or cabbage
varieties. These should be start
ed in boxes in the house or in
frames and transplanted six inch
es apart for best results. The
transplanting strengthens the
plant, makes it sturdier and
surer to head.
Lettuce will grow In partial
shade, but It must have at- leant
four hours' sun. and Is better In
full exposure In the cooler months.
There are many varieties of head
lettuce and any seedsman can in
dicate a successful variety. It
1? hard to go wrong in the Im
proved varieties, and it is only
necessary to pick types desired in
point of season, heat resistance
and shape of leaves. The Cos let
tuces are gaining favor rapidly,
and often succeed where the head
varieties do not do welL They
have a long incurving leaf, dif
ferent in aha ( from the common
types, and the 'quality is flrst
cUss. The nature of its growth
blances the heart.
That Is, Two Million Dollars a Year, and That For the
Labish Meadows District AIore He Is the Outstand-
ing r-igure in inai Locamy. . . , it
a good color typicar oi m var i acre 8ettmg at the usual dls
leiy ana quuiy i. i tance of 6 x 30 or 36 Inches.
weet and crisp. - There are two kinds ot celery
I mention these things because U8ually grown the medium early
of the fact that there is uuaiv and the late. To grow plants for
much more 'of the former the former some form of heat Is
than the latter, and there is ai .. l.tta. nn
. ur.aoa. - UK ,K3 a W B U U hwb- . .
rood market for high class pro- neat is "reqwired, the plants be- Ing Is very .Important; attractive
duce. . . ine started outdoors. I sanitary appearance of bunches
branding or tne i - ...
should be graded for size and
color. They are tied In bunches
of 12. with string at the top
around the leaves, and red or
blue or white tape Ground the
stalks. The culls may be used
as hearts. neatness in dubcu-
wouia urge a orauuunt, I , ..: j
. . .. . i iiMllif nn I or cuuiiuum ui uuuv-iiuii octu
reiery . i ; '-"' r, mair hA ,own -t reenlar Intervals
the market by ine cnaracw -,-;V " . " " - t.
the goods, and by their superior- ---? -;;,-'ln, :r"
7.Tinhnr first Sreekj of March.. Green
land by the public, , are mucn gurIor to hot.
IZrr..- i- thai beds for starting plants. The
1 extrenie .rapu..."- 8eedbe1 .hou,d be composed of
juesiion ot "'"ft- To sifted muck and sand, and the
eheaTln
th hAi utr&lns. Sorout some
narlv In the sarins to test the
germination and vigor of seed
linrs. Purchase only from rella-
hi. iMd honi. Ask for the
best they have. Extra expendl
tare for superior seed is money
well spent. From three to four
ounces of seed ehould be suffi
cient for one acre
Varieties
Two kinds are popular in Ore-
smooth before sowing. The seed
is broadcasted and covered wltn
finely sifted soil one-eighth of an
inch deep. Cover with buflap
and water with tepid water
through the burlap which I s re
moved at first signs of germina
tion. Seed may be sown as early
as the first of March
Manure hotbeds may be start
ed about this time and the tem-
nerature kept at 70 degrees or
ron.
cuts a biz figure. V
Various crates are used. .All
should be lined with paper. Crates
with a 22 by 24 Inch base and
holding five to seven dozen stand
in e unriKht are common. Some
use a square box holding four
dozen. Each dozen bunches
should be wrapped in paper.
Marketing
Everything should be done to
keep the celery clean ' until It
reaches the consumer. Celery
averages in price 50 to 60 cents
per dozln bunches.. Prices often
reach 80 cents to 90 . cents, but
sometimes there is a drag on the
market even of good stuff.
Hearts sell at 5 cents or two for
S cents.
The' cost of production varies
from S 175 to $250 fertilizer.
harvesting and marketing being
expensive items,
Helpful Literature .
Bulletin 281. Celery Culture
Department of Agriculture, Wash
ington. D. C.
Celery Culture Seattle Or
anre Judd Company, N. Y.
Crop Pest Bulletin Oregon
Agricultural college. 1912-1913.
Correspondence regarding pro
blems In production of celery so
licited by A. G. B. Bouquet, sec
tion vegetable gardening, division
ot horticulture. Oregon Agricul
tural college, Corvallts, Ore.
4
White" Plumend .Gold., thereabouts. No , seeding BfoUle
Pelf-Blanchlng. The rormer 1 maae in in
Ibe white, and the latter the gold- perature decreased to 80 de
en yellow. The j majority of trees or 8 . ,ffr
growers plant yellow; Plant Celery to be .arVeated after
what the market demands. . 5etemirJ" Jl?rl,dcondL
Celery KoiU doors in beds as soon as con a i-
For commercial growing, soils tlons become warmer in the
containing much decomposed PrIng. April 1 to Mar 101 being
vegetable matter are hest. phy- the average time ,8'
slcally and chemically. Muck sowmsi .uuu,u i tnw them
lands, tide land.: swale lands, plenty of plants XteriaS
"bUek bottoms", beaver dams, coming alonj at various intervals
te, represent the above class of that ce lery W f f erQ
oils. Ths soil must have a ent sizes in l?n
loose texture and be fertile. Clay your market demands -J'oSJ
lands pack around the plants too plant sro5l1ns;1, ?ht?Jl ,2 .ftir
readUy unless there la a lot of not rtand the Jd lo"TKhei
Uble manure added. Drainage the tlancKhnfnish ,netsian of
I. . i- . t i& advisable to.nave plants "l
u iur urKsuic sous is mui -i . , , . u.4 nn a
portant. -Moist soils- does not various ages in the flsld at once.!
necessarily mean "wet soils." rrkking wt
Open ditches or drain tiles must The plants of the early crop
properly laid out so that the are usually pricked out into tne
celery will not be on wet land, frames before field setting in or-
onstng possible diseases or glv- der to give them plenty of room
DATES OF SLOGANS IN DAILY STATESMAN
(la Twice--Week Statesman FoDowiu Day)
KIT IT COSTS TO
i .
. CELERY Ifl LABISH U1IS
The Figures Given Last Year by Roy K. Fukuda, the
Pioneer and Outstanding Grower in That District
They Show That There is a Profit For Capital, Hard
Work and Brains.
Lomberrtes, Oct, 7.
rTHUM. oct. 14.
Dairying. Oct. 21.
Kkx, Oct. 28.
.rilkeru. Nor. 4.
alnnu, Nov. 11.
Strawberries. Nov. 18. -Apples,
Nov. 25.
"Prtes. Dec. 2.
Mint. Dec i.
Sf' eow. Dec. 15.
Blackberrtea, Dec. 23.
Cherries, Dec. 30.
Pears. Jan. f, 1921.
. Coowberrles and Currants,
'an. 13.
Corn. Jia. so. !
Celery, Jan. 27.
Spinach. Feb. 3.
, Onions. Veb. 10.
Potatons. Feb. 17. .
Bees. Feb.' 24.
, Mining. March 2. "
Coats, March 9.
, B8. March 18.
Tavcd highways. March 23.
Broccoli. March 30.
v. Kilos. April .
U Rnmes,. April 12.
paragni. April 20.
"crirturAirriiT:
- t-fV ad
Drus garden. May 4.
Sugar beets. May li.
Sorghum, May 18.
Cabbage, May 25. .
Poultry and Pet Stock. June 1
Land, June 8. ... . r
Dehydration. June 15.
Hops. June 22.
Wholesale and Jobbing. June
23. . '
Cucumbers, July e.
Hogs, July 13.
City beautiful, flowers and
bulbs. July 20. t. -
Schools. July xt.
Sheep, Aug. 3.
National Advertising, Aug. 10..
Reeds. Aug. 17.
Livestock, Aug. 24.
Automotive Industry, Aug. 21.
Grain and Grain Products.
Sept. 7. .
xt aniifaetiirfne. Sept. 14.
Woodworking and otber things,
Sept. 21.
I'aper nui, wjn. k
(Back copJPt Pt.SllVB.SlW??
editions of The Daily Oregon
Statesman are on, bandW Teyr
fr- sale at loc eacn, maueu io
;s.dJiesa;j;
(The following was printed in
the Salem Slogan issue of last
year. Mr. Vukuda said, over the
phqne yesterday, that the informa
tion will stand, approximately, for
this year:)
The pioneer celery grower on a
commercial scale in the Salem
district is Roy K. Fukuda.
He commenced In the now fa
mous Lake La his h celery district
in 1809.
He rented hi land from Hon
.
M. I. Jones, and has conunuea in
the industry, increasing the aiae
nf tii cron from year to year.
His place is between Quinaby
and Chemewa, about a mue irom
atatinn and between two rail
roads, the Southern Pacific and
Oregon Electric.
His postotflce address Is Salem
TTnntA 8
The first year Mr. Fukuda had
nnma ten rows ot celery, between
2000 and 3000 plants. He was
fonllntr h! VST.
His celerr beds have gradually
spread out until he will this year
have perhaps 400,000 plants.
Last year he had irom eigui iu
n.rA acres in celery.
He puts In about 30.ouu piams
ia h ao.ri. There are. oi. course.
always some missing hills, and he
expects to get about 2000 dozens
of celery plants to mc acre.
They go into craies tor smy
nnr s to 10 dozen to the crate.
That makes about 250 crates of
colery to the acre, which he says
Is an average yield; which any
nnA who wilt work with hand and
brain. In this district, may expect
to produce each year.
(He intimates .that he does
little better himself, with his long
experience.) - '. s
What It Costs
Mr Fukuda figures the cost o
district (cost per acre) something
like this:
Plowing twice, 18.
Discing and harrowing, $10.
Fertilizer, 1150.
He uses stable manure to a con
siderable extent, also some com
mercial fertilizers containing ni
trates; also blood meal and fish
guano. He considers the fertiliz
ing of prime importance.
Rent. $30.
Plants. $90.
He produces his own plants;
the $90 is what it would cost a
beginner. t
Planting. 10 days ai tuc cems
an hour, $40.
Watering before ana auer
planting. $10.
He uses a sprinaier wim me iun
off. and gives the plants a good
shower; ,
Hoeing twice. $8.
Cultivating with one horse each
lft days to two weeks, $20.
'Lumber. $60.
it a ii rp 1x10 clanks. The cost
u now S3 8 a thousand. They will
iot Kit vpam. The initial cosi
would be. of course, siximes
or $360 an acre.
This clanking Is ditierent irom
ih roiifnrnla way. There tney
4Miitrvata the rows four feet apart.
Here the rows are put irom J w
36 inches apart, and six mcnes
apart in the rows.
Cutting ana Duncning. auer
eluding missing and unmarketable
plants, counting 2000 dozen per
acre, at 15 cents per dozen. $300.
Crates and crating. 10 cents a
dozen. $200.
The reader will note that the
above costs will total $926 per
which is a good average price, or
$1500 an acre, there is left. $300
an acre net for the grower".
If the grower gets more than
2000 dozens to the acre, he will
of course, make more. Also, if he
gets a higher price.
Ia General.
Mr. Fukuda uses a Ford truck
and a Ford runabout In his busi
ness. ;
; In the busy season . he employs
about ten' laborers: not confining
himself to his countrymen, but
taking good hands from the neigh
borhood.
He was himself born In Japan;
but he has been in America a long
time, and attended school in this
country and acquired an English
education.
He Is glad to tell any one Inter
ested all he can about celery grow
ing and this reporter, will say
that he knows about all there Is
to know,
He hopes to see the lndustry.de-
velop to very large proportions, as
it will insure wider markets and
nrere profits for all engaged in it.
Some .Americans are already
preparing v to engage In celery
growing In Uhe Lake Labish dis
trict on a commercial scale,
It is expected that at least 60
more acres will before Jong be de
voted to celery in that district;
though the Increase will probably
not be that much this year.
And in time, no doubt, a goodly
portion of the Lake Labbish "bea
ver dam" land will be devoted to
celery growing and the total of
this land is 2000 to 30.00 acres.
The reader will readily see that
this would make an. Immense ton
nage; that it will be a great in
dustry. Hon. M. L. Jones alone has on
his farms orer 300 acres of the
"beaver dam" land.
There ere- now six growers of
celery in the district where Mr.
Fukuda has his celery gardens:
six besides himself. . They are all
natires of Japan excepting one,
who was born in Korea.
Where the Celery Goes.
Celery goes out from Quinaby
and Cbemawa on the Oregon Elec
Inherited It.
Vincent was altogether too gar
rulous in school to ' please his
teachers. Such punishments as
the institution allowed to be
meted out were tried without any
apparent effect upon the boy. un
til at last the j headmaster de
cided to mention the lad's fault
upon his monthly report.
So the next report to his fath
er had these words: "Vincent
talks a great deal." '
Dack came the report by mall
duly signed, but with this writ
ten in red ink i under the com
ment: "You ought to hear his
mother." Chicago Dally News.
Editor Statesman: ;
Tour favor dated Jan. 21. 1921.
Is in hand, and very glad to be
asked by you of my humble in
formation regarding celery- I
am not quite prepared to give my
view on this subject this year ex
cept the possibility of the vicin
ity ot Salem ever becoming a cen
ter or celery production In this
country.
From my observation it can be
estimated that there are. in this
district where I am' living now,
5000 acres or moie of the fertile
laud most suited for the cultiva
tion of this vegetable. If this
Urge tract of neglected land was
prcperly taken o.re of and used
for that purpose there would L:
approximately $2,000,000 of
erop, which will be a part ot the
business la halem. The market
Is constantly in demand of cel
ery, while the supply is limited
The order from eastern cities Is
boundless aid high prices is al
ways offered.
Thf-n why not raise celery In
this district? That' Is. in those
5000 acres, and make Salem pros
perous ?
This could, be answered from
the fact that Its cultivation la un
usually difficult and the profit
is con para lively small, beitdes.
there is a grave danger o: ex
poring the plants to freezing
weather thafwill destroy the val
uable crop over night. , Most of
the owners of the bearerdam land
say that they would lease tin land
t? somebody. "else Hhan to ralfj
anything en it themselves and run
the lisk of losing the whole crop
Cut some i-hrewd truck garden
ers are tali nr. splendid celery on
their own land, with many years
of experience, and earning, bl;
profit each jear. I am running
this leased .faini. for the past t'.n
years and obtained much experi
ence which money can not get.
Even thou ah I cculd not save
much wealth during these Un '
years, but I could pay all expen
ses and bnild up a little house
after the first one was burned
down, and, thanks to the Lord. I
am happy, healthy, content and
willing to work hard with a hope
In future for my noble wlfs and
sweet children.
It is my belief, therefore, that
my celery garden will be Improv
ed each year and I may be able
to raise handsome profits, be
sides new experience.
If any one who want to raise
celery in the Salem district, with
prospect of this district ever
becoming a renter of celery pro
duction and also want to know
of my method, do not hesitate to.
call on me for Information. I
am ready to teach as much as 1
know and assist, anyone who Is;
eager to enter into this work.
There fs no secret in uy experi
ence. Your ainierely.
ROY K. FUKUDA.
Quinaby, Or.. Jan. 24. 1921.
(The above la printed absolste
ly as written, and It was written
In a very near approach to a.
Spencer ian hand. Mr. Fukuda la
a natire of Japan, but he has be
come a very progresaive Ameri
can, and he wants to be helpful -to
all his neighbors, including
both Japanese and 'Americana. In
the article in this Issue, copied ..
from the Salem slogan. issue ot
last year, there are some further
facts concerning the operations
ot Mr. Fukuda. and concerning
the man himself. Ed.) .
The Life-Giving Nightshades
The nightshades, planta seldom.
mentioned 'without the prefix of
"deadly." although none ot them
are known to-be to very deadly,
strangely enough, considering
their bad reputation, furnish a
great bulk of Edible vegetables
of the garden. ( Only to mention
potatoes and tomatoes, the two
vegetables in most general use
today, one can i see what useful
plants to humanity are the nlght
tthadee. To botanists they are
known as the solannmt.
Betides the potato and toma
to, the pepperst egg pints and
husk tomatoes, sometimes called
ground cherries, also belong to
the same tribe.
Three of these nightshades are
requisites In every emvl carden.
i he tomato, perper and egg plant.
planta need th aame period to
get ready for outdoor planting
eight weeks or until the weather
is warm and settled. This eight
weeks la ..the ;tlme. necessary If
the earliest crop Is desired. It
steala two months, time from
winter and annexes It to spring
from a gardening standpoint.
A dozen egg plants are suffic
ient tor the ordinary garden, and
I 25 peppera will furnish a suffic
ient crop to use iresn ana 10 em
ploy In the making ot pickles,
chow-chow, and other, condiments
for winter use.
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WHtN
SCCDUNCS
ABC ItNt HlCH TBA.MlPva.MT
MOT CLOSER. THAN t IMS. AAAJTt
AS TMEY GET CGOWOED. TOAHS-
PLANT AGAIN INTO POTX
1
3
Jlaht
SHDUNC ToamjpvXnT.
Soiue may not care for the egg
plants, and not have so nncb use
for the pepi.er ia its grrcn or red.
hci or sweet . forms, but every
body wants tcaratoes.
Kvt-n in til .balmy sections of
THE rXnCEXTACE
A certain regiment was almost
entirely officered by Hebrews.
The ; men, however, were Ameri
can. ( : "
"Now. I rant' you to listen to
me. said one' officer who- had
been detailed to lecture si' com
pany. "1 1 have In my hand a r-rifle,
which is ust the finest Tr-rlfle
that American brains can pr-ro-duce.
or American . money . can
buy." He paused:
And from, the back ot the drill
hall came a Toice:
' "An ow much rill you gift me
for this r-rifle?" ' .
ttlA xralitti ea 1 1 f f 1 A tntltftt Ka
trie and Southern PneHU : to Mon- Uken to pro(ect tDe tom4t5 fr0
Dakota: and to the
Portland and other markets. Some
goes by automobile truck routes. .
Mr. Fukuda raises only the Gol
den Heart, variety. It is the same
aa Prof, Bouquet calls the Golden
Self Bleaching, in bis article print
ed In this issue.
He says the Whfte Plume vari
ety is easier to grow, and It is the
only variety wanted in the Seattle
market; but in all other markets
reached from here the Golden
Heart (or Golden Self Bleaching)
is preferred. So it is the kind for
our growers to plant.
Mr. Fukuda thinks the Golden
Heart is the best celery grown In
point of quality.
And he says this is without
doubt the i best celery district in
Oregon, and as good as any, any
where. Also, Marlon county has already
become the greatest celery grow-
I ing county of this state; and its
leaa is oouna to oe increasea very
fast from now on.
A good deat of celery Is raised
in the Milwaukee. Oregon, district,
and aroqnd ' "troutdale, and In
Hood River county
even th lightest frosts. Tom a
toes should be started about eight
weeks before they are put in their
permansnt garden quarters. It
is customary to start them in
window boxes or in frames. If
only a few pfants, say not more
than 50. are teeded. a cigar box
in the kitchen : window whers it
will hare the sun and be kept
fairly warm is the cheapest and
easiest way.
The one fault to be guarded
against in house-raised tomatoes.
Is legginess. They are apt to
spin up to tall rail stems unless
they are watched. It is ao
lutely necessary for bet results
to transplant them when they are
an Inch and a half to two inches
tall. This checks the growth tem
porarily, thickens thenr up, de
velops a - better root system and
mak them sturdy.
When they are transplanted
they should stand not closer than
two inches and when they begin
to crowd again it is a good plan
to transplant again Into straw-
terry boxes, tin cans, or any con
venient receptacles, paper or
Light Your Farm
Buildings with the '
Fairbanks Morse
J ' mr - f .
ala-a4s
40U$DlTPiant
Lot L. Pearce & Son
. 238 North Commercial Street -
acre.
Mr. Fukuda thinks the Inciden
tals, such as trucking, paper and
ribbons for tleing. and maoy little
items ot expense, will make the
total cost about $1200 an acTe for
producing celery in his district
But Marion county Is the com-earthen flower pots being best.
ing celery county that will make
the whole country sit up and take
notice.
Mr. Fukuda says that, two years
ago. the expressage on celery out
of Quinaby alone had grown to
$8000. .And it was at least $10.
000 last year. . and It will grow
faster In the future.
The writer will say that he
found Mr. Fukuda a.plcasant. af-
tl-Ai, I V-i- dozen-io.tafattcietttlaaan.- HI. J offer to as-
E. L. King and Dorsey B. Smith, experienced automobile
and transportation men, under the incorporated firm name ot
The King-Smith Co.
have established a permanent high-class auto bus Uae between
SALEHIand PORTLAND j
on the following temporary schedule, which will be increased
just as soon as other equipment is finished in about ten dan:
They can then be transplanted
into final quarters at the garden
er's convenience and a few days
more or less will make little dif
ference in their progress.
Peppers and egg plants need
much the same treatment, but
they arc not such rampant grow
ers as the tomato, not running to
vine, so there need not be the
haste in transplanting them. But
It Improves the planta to give
Lr. Salem . 8:30 a. m.
Lr. Portland 11:00 a. m.
Lv. Salem 2:00 p. m.
Lv. Portland 5:00 p. m.
Ar. Portland 10:45 a.m.
Ar. Salem 1:15 p.m.
Ar. Portland 4:15 p.m.
Ar. Salem 7: IS p.m.
High-class service will be maintained with special twelve
passenger Cadillacs. Cars arc heated and have the rear seat
partitioned' of r lor the benefit ot smokers.
Start from Hotel Marion; arrive and leave Portland from
The Journal building.
Rates: $1.75 Each Way
For information and seat reservation, telephone the Tele
phone Operator at notel Marlon. 2010.
We guarantee high-class service to the ladles.
(Sea special ad. In this- paper for name for tfcla New
Auto Bus Line).
V