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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 25, 1921)
WELCOME AND ANNIVERSARY EDITION. JANUARY. 1921
THE OREGON STATESMAN, SALEM. OREGON
THE NUT CULTURIST IN
THE WILLAMETTE VALLEY
Knight Pearcy, Expert in the' Line of Nut and Fruit Orchard
Development, Outlines a Great Future for the Walnut and
Filbert in the Salem District Biggest Filbert Planting in
America Ought to Be in This ViciiHty The Only Place in
the United States for Commercial Growing of Filberts, i
By Knight Pearcy
THE wain at and filbert of Ore
gon are, at present, little
known in the markets of the
country.- However, oar orchards,
hating passed successfully
through their experimental stages,
are just now beginning to break
Into commercial bearing and in a
short time the trade will begin to
recognize In "Mistland" walnuts
the same superiority over all oth
er brands that the California "Dia
mond" brand is now recognized as
baring orer the nuts of Southern
Europe and of Manchuria. A
properly grown and properly
cured Oregon filbert excels the
European product just as does our
grafted Franquette excel all other
This vallK grows to perfection
three nuts: walnut, filberts and
There are perhaps 10,000 acres
of walnuts in the state.
i Half of this acreage Is either in
bearing or is beginning to bear.
. Perhaps 25 per cent of the plant
ings will never bear commercially,
due to being planted In poor loca
tions, to poor care and to a vari
ety of other causes. We hare
thousands of acres of prime wal
nut land in the Willamette valley
and other tens of thousands of
acres that are unsuited to walnut
growth. With all the good land
that Is available there is little ex
cuse, -except Ignorance, for plant
ing on Questionable tracts.
- The walnut is rather exacting
in Its demands, requiring, among
other things, good depth of soil
and air and water drainage; but
where the conditions' are met and
where intelligent handling is ac
. corded the planting, it offers many
attractions to the grower. The
city man, untrained in fruit grow
ing, has a better chance of making
good in nut growing than in most
other forms of horticulture, pro
. Tided he is started off properly.
It he is happy In his selection of a
suitable tract of land and in get
ting his grove planted properly
and through the first season, his
chances of making good are ex
cellent, for a man can make
commercial success of a nut plant
ing with a lesser degree of hortl
cultural training and skill than
would b possible with most other
AanV a mJt m t rYV a maw
rs des not have to meet the prob-
wr"niVf cf spraying, thinning and
duced two tons per acre and1 we
have every Teason to believe that
we can duplicate such yields in
Oregon when our orchards be
come a little older.
" ' 1 - "
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" M'J-"' r v --r- I -
Outisde people becoming inter
ested in berry growing naturally
came to the section that was
known to be growing the largest
acreage and a little later canner
ies, juice and jam works and bar
reling interests in the market for
logans located in the city that had
the largest acreage tributary to its
A Great Salem Opportunity.
Some Oregon town will, ten
years from now, be known as the
American filbert center, and mer
chants and business men, as well
as growers In that section, will
profit accordingly. No section of
this valley now has much advant
age over the other sections. How
ever, if a hundred acre planting
were to be set out here this year
it would stimulate planting among
the growers around Salem and
Shipping Hogs from Donald.
.1 ' '
THE CITY OF DONALD
First State Bank of Donald.
TIIE city of Donald through the undersigned business firms .of the city desires .to invite any prospective settlers in the Wfl
lamette valley to inspect our city and surrounding farming country before locating any other place in the state. "We have
the best soil in the Willamette valley at most reasonable prices and our town affords all the accommodations necessary to the
farmer and we are on the Oregon Electric Ry., only 20 miles from Salem and 30 miles from Portland.
A. J. RICH, Stock Buyer IIOSKINS & DeSART, Tile Factory
MOORE & SCnAUBEL, Garage and General Repairing MAYS-CARVER & GROFP, General Merchandise
. J AS. P. FELLER, Seed Buyer J. L. GROFF, Real Estate
n. N. GOODE, Nurseryman and Brick Factory FIRST STATE BANK
A Filbert Tree in the Salem District.
wj cjuu i.
and marketing that
tl be met by the grower of
aaawav yvitsuawiv sawtavw aava
f. does n 'Q01' the amount of
equipment and labor needed by
the "berry, prune or apple grower.
There Js a popular, though er
roneous belief,, that the walnut
will not bear until very old. This
is true of some seedling trees, but
our grafted walnuts such as we
are planting in Oregon at the
present time, eome into profitable
bearing at about the eighth year.
We can mention a number of
plantings that have borne 15 to
25 pounds per tree from the
eighth to the tenth years. When
a grafted tree of approved variety
does not come into commercial
bearing at this age it is not the
fault of the tree. After this age
the orchard will Increase rapidly
in yield. - The average orchard at
15 to; 20 years of age should pro
duce 11000 to 150 pounds of
dried nuts per acre and plantings
that are In exceptionally choice
locations or that are given care
above the average will do better
than this. There are records of
California orchards that have pro-
The filbert is a nut that offers1
even more than does the walnut
to the planter in this favored sec
tion with the "Mistland" climate.
It comes into commercial bearing
the fifth year, under proper condi
tions. It bears prolifically; re
quires a minimum of labor to pro
duce and to harvest; is not in-
I jured by rains at harvest or by
irosts at Diossom ume, is com
paratively non-perishable; and is
not as exacting as to soil condi
tions and location as Is the wal
nut. There Is a present American
consumption of about twenty mil
lion pounds, a demand created
without a dollar's worth of adver
tising, and yet there Is no .other
section of America that can grow
the nut commercially.
Small plantings scattered
through the valley have . demon
strated that the filbert can be
grown commercially in many sec
tions of Western Oregon.
Just so with the loganberry.' .
Other Oreron communities can
grow as good logans as can a
lem growers, yet Salem is recog
nized as the loganberry center ox
the world and as a result thou
sands of dollars are passing
through channels of trade of this
city that could just as well be en
richlng some other city. .
Salem is the loganberry center
simply because chance had it that
the first Oregon plantings were
made in this section, and local
growers were accordingly the first
to recognize possibilities in this
would draw to Salem outside cap
ital that is already Interested, for
a planting of that size would be
heralded as the largest in Ameri
ca. Civic pride as well as the
certainty of good dividends should
prompt local business men to or
ganize a syndicate to develop such
a planting and to thus intrench a
new Industry around Salem which
will later on bring thousands of
dollars to this section.
Before the ' war the filbert
brought the grower 15 to 18c per
pound and went up to 35c in 1919.
George Dorris, the veteran grow
er at Eugene, says that a number
one planting should produce as
follows: 500 to 1000 pounds per
acre at five years; 1000 to 1500
pounds at six years; 2000 to 3000
at eight years; 3000 to 4000 at
ten and 4000 to 5000 at 12 years.
Reduce these yields, all of which
are attainable, by 50 per cent and
still they offer splendid returns
on the investment.
What other crop offers these
handsome returns per acre and
what other crop that approaches
the filbert in earnings per acre
can be produced with the small
amount of equipment and labor
per acre that will produce this
nut? . 1
Nuts work well In combination
with certain other fruits and with
poultry. The latter can be well
carried In the nut orchard to the
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MOOR Ccl SCHAUZL"
AUTC ZP AIP:?13 ' '
Mars-Carver A Gogs General Merchandise Store, Donald.
Moore Jk Bchanbel Garage, Donald.
THE SECRET OF GOOD BREAD
section had- a-climate that was not
fit for a white man.
Ample Rewards Offered.
The nut growing Industry is
one of the most promising of the
fruit industries of this great
northwest, and those who get into
the game while it is young and
THOMAS B. KAY
Thirty-two years ago 1889 Thomas Kay,
senior, established the Thomas Kay Woolen Mills
in the city of Salem, Oregon. ; !
Salem , citizens now point with pride to the
fact that this city is the home of one of the finest
woolen mills on the Pacific coast; that. the Kay
woolens are known and sought for by those en
gaged In the woolen trade because of their excel
They point with pride to the fact that the Kay
mills have enjoyed a steady growth for the past
32 years and now constitute an important unit in
the industrial life of Salem.
Thomas B. Kay, junior, has been in active man
agement of the woolen mills for over 20 years. In
addition he has served two terms as state treas
; urer. He is one of the big men of Oregon, a com
munity worker, and his one great watchword Is
Development for business; city, state and country.
Some of the Filberts
advantage of both the trees and
the poultry. .The colour noil
system where the hens are hauled
in their houses from one section
of the orchard to another, thus
being kept on clean ground all the
time. Is well adapted to the nut
WalnUtS niT hm fntm1an
with prunes or filberts or sour
cherries. The vonnr mtu
chard may be Interplanted with
strawberries. Apples and cherries
make poor companion trees for
At the Head of the Ration.
Prof. Reed, thm
of nut investigations for the fed
eral Department of Agriculture,
remarked to the writer thi.
summer that no fruit section of
ine united States in which he had
Tisited. and he has visited most
of them, had as much tn ntr in
the way of quality of land at such
low prices as prevail in this val
ley, except one section and that
who Dlant and rrow their trarta
intelligently, will be amply re-
waraea. Tney win soon own prop
erties that will return them fine
Interest on their investments and
will have somethinz realir worth
while to leave to their children
when ther leave this "MlnMand
climate for a warmer and dryer
one; in some cases nrobablv a
much warmer and much dryer
one Knight Pearcy.
(Mr. Pearcy is a member of the
firm of Pearcy Bros., Salem, with
offices in the Oregon building,
their business being the develop
ment and sale of nut and fruit or
chards for themselves and their
clients, some of their clients liv
ing in distant states. Ed.)
: Salem is loganberry headquar
ters tor all the world, and will
always be. The acreage la grow
ing, and it will grow as fast as
facilities are provided tor taking
care of the crop.
I Home of
Kinsmen. Virtuola, ElPario and Olympia
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