The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, March 09, 1919, Page 1, Image 1

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    THE STATESMAN RECEIVES THE LEASED WIRE REPORT OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS; THE GREATEST AND HOST RELIABLE PRESS ASSOCIATION IN THE WORLD
FIRST SECTION
Eight Pages
TWO SECTIONS
14 Pages
V
SLXTY.KIGHTH YEAR
SALEM? OREGON, Sl'XHAV MOKXIXG, MAIU 11 O,
PIUCE: FIVE CEATH.
SALEM WINS
BIG SERIES;
NOW CHAMP
For Second Time Champion
ship of Valley Rests With
Doughty Youngsters Wear
ing the Victorious "S."
McMINNVILLE BEATEN
IN WHIRLWIND FINALS
Salem Eliminates Corvallis in
Semi-Finals, McMinnville
Beats Forest Grove
For the second time the champion
hip cup offered in the Wilamette
university annual basketball aourna
ment was captured by Salem high
school, when the players defeated
. McMinnrille high with a score of
26 to 17. The contest was theJast
of a two days series participated in
by nine schools of the valley.
The came was ,f ast and scrappy
andj although the local boys led the
first half by six points, McMinpville
began to climb rapidly and for a
.' while Salem was but two In the lead
Personal fouls were numerous, eacb
team losing a man on this account.
I Staley opened the game for Salem
with a basket on a free throw. La
tham then Grant followed, the lat
ter making a neat toss at a consider
able distance. Osborne scped first
.for McMinnrille. Coe ended'the half
with a hard fought basket. The
passing on both sides was especially
. pretty. , : V
l i Gregg scored a neat basket on the
run with the beginning of the second
half. As the end of the game came
on apace Wright featured some
Quick playing, scoring a basket on
'speedy jump. McMinnville was
fighting hard, following each play of
.the Salem team closely. McCart
pulled -a spectatcular stunt with a
clean throw from the center of the
. floor. After several live scrimmage
underneath the . baskets Latham
scored twice for Salem Just before
the whistle blew.
(Continued on Paste 2)
Another Cluster of Bargains
That will be of profit to those of
action. They can't
prices.
MET (HURTA1NS
Our clean-up -of: Laec Curtains, a few weeks
ago, went with a rush and many late comers
were disappointed. , We now offer our entire
line of Net Curtains at deeply cut prices.
These curtains range in size from inches x
2Yi yards, to 48 inches x Z yards. I
There arc about 4 dozen pairs in widely
assorted patterns worked with plain braid,
liattenberg braid and insertions, also cluney
lace and insertion trimmings. White, cream
and ecru wonderful curtains at these prices:
$2.35 Curtains
$3.35 Curtains .
$423 Curtains
$5.25 Curtains
$6.35 Curtains
$6.70 Curtains
Corduroys:
f Light blue, pink, tan and putty, 3G inches
vide. They aire M-ashable and make suit- "
able lounging robes and splendid Spring
coats for children at the very, very low
price of, yard .75c
Boys Suits:
A lot, jut 20, of 3-piece,
sizes 12, 13, 14 years,
serges at less than
: f -and trmiiniugs
LIMITATION OF !
HALF A MILLION
MEN IS PLACED
General March Announces
Immediate Prospective
Plans for'the Army
PROBLEMS CONSIDERED
Believed That Determination
of Man Power Is Reduced
to Science Now
WASHINGTON,, March 8. Reten
tion within the army of about 200.
000 men, obtained originally, through
the dtafts, and by transfer from the
national guard, is planned by the
war department in building up a
temporary military establishment of
the nation. This was definitely made
known today by General March, chief
of staff, who announced the decision
of the war department that the army
would "not be reducen under any
circumstances" below 509,909 until
some law was passed fixing the per
manent force.
"All the military problems that
confront us have been carefully con
sidered, determining the numberpf
men necessary,' General March said,
"and we cannot get along without
that number 509,909 and they
will be held."
Under existing legislation, the
maximum war strength of the per
manent army is around 298,000. The
exact figure, officers explained,-cannot
be stated since some of the staff
corps, as the quartermaster corps,
for instance, are permitted wide lat
itude in their expansion. Voluntary
enlistment to. fill the regular army
have been reinaugurated both in this
country and in France. General Per
shing has been authorized to transfer-recruits
obtained front the expe
ditionary forces to the regular or
ganizations, and to release an equiv
alent number of drafted men. There
will remain, however, a deficiency of
200.000 from the total declared by
the military authorities to be the
minimum consistent. with the respon
sibilities of the United States. These
men. therefore, will have to come
fromthe forces which the war de
partment had planned to demobo
lize. ,
Secretary Baker several days ago
in explaining the position of the war
(Continued on Page 2)
possibly linger at
..:..$1.60
. $2.25
......$2.85
$3.50
......$4.25
......$4.45
long trouser suits,
including some blue
the price oflinings
$220 to $5.00
OLCOTC NOT
TO ACCEPT
2 SALARIES
New Governor to Resign as
Secretary of State If Allow
ed by Official Interpreta
tion of Constitution.
TENURE OF OFFICE
INVOLVED IN QUESTION
Prominent Lawyers Think He
Will Hold Through Un
expired Period
Dating from last Friday when he
took the oath of office as governor
of Oregon, J3en W. Olcott has re
nounced the salary that goes with
the office of secretary of state and
will decline to accept two salaries
while serving in the double capacity
of the state's two highest public po
sitions. If by any interpretation of
the state constitution he can resign
the office of the secretaryship but
continue a3 chief executive he will
relinquish the former and appoint
a new secretary.
Governor Olcott made known his
position on these questions Saturday
and announced that he will ask At
torney General Brown whether there
is any way in which the question of
whether he can resign the secretary
ship can be gotten into the courts
for adjudication. This apparently
will depend on whether he would be
held to be governor in fact. When
Mr. Olcott automatically became gov
ernor by the death of Governor
Withycombe he was of the opinion
that his tenure as governor would
terminate with the election and qual
ification of his successor at the next
general election, which will fall In
November, 1920. Some of the most
learned lawyers In Salem hold dif
ferent opinions and assert that Ol
cott will hold through the entire
unexpired term of Governor Withy
combe. This question is involved
with the question of his power to
resign which Governor Olcott wishes
to have adjudicated in court. Sev
eral lawyers believe the attorney-
general will hold, that no way will
exist to place the problem np to the
courts untii it can be presented In
connection with the question wheth
er or not a governor is to be elected
at the next general election, and that
then If Mr. Olcott is held to be gov
ernor in fact he may resign as sec
retary of state without relinquish
ing the governorship which he may
hold , through Governor Withy
combe's entire unexpired term.
Regardless of what legal opinion
holds Governor Olcott will renounce
the salary of the secretary of state
The only string he attaches is that
the money may be reserved for use
In connection with the secretarys of
fice to meet Increased expenses due
to new duties placed npon that ofifce
by the recent leeislature.
It is not my dctire to hold both
offices," Governor Olcott said yes
terday, "and I want an early decis
ion on the question whether T can
resign as secretary of state and ap
point my successor. This fs desirable
for several reasons. One is that the
office of governor presents suffici
ent duties to occupy all of the at
tention of one man. Another rea
son is that the counsel of the third
man is needed on the state board of
control. Particularly will this be
true because of work added to the
board's duties by the last legisla
ture In connection with the recon
struction program the S3.000.000
reconstruction bond bill is passed by
the people. This bill delegates to
the board of control authority to Is
sue the bonds."
Danlap May Have to Face
.
Charges' in Justice Court
l '
If present charges are pressed it
is not unlikely lhat within a few
days J. F. Dunlap, late of the city
police force, will find himself in
volved in Tjew difficulties, this time
in the justice court- Dunlap is the
man who was formally discharged
from his place as night desk sergeant
for the department Friday night at
a meeting of the city council.
There is now on file in the office
of Justice of the Peace G. E. Unrub
a complaint sworn to by George Iiris
brow. who has been renting a house
on Oak street' from Dunlap. The
plaintiff alleges that fast Thursday
while the family were away from
home Dunlap gained . access to the
dwelling by means of a pass key or
picking . a . lock, went through the
rooms and re a ra raced the furniture-
.Since filing the complaint Brls
brow has moved from the house add
may decide -not to push the matter-
Before the j council Friday night
Dunlap denied practically aU of th
charges again him, including the
-. triai tits oau uiauv piaicincuw
derogatory to the character and bus
lines reputation of Judge Unruh.
1 .
LABOR SHORTAGE
FACED ON ROADS
Within Three Months Dirt
Will Be Flying on Great
Oregon Highways
PORTLAND. March 8. With dirt
flying within three months on every
important piece of work on the Pa
cific highway and Columbia highway,
the state' highway commissioners
stated today they believed that there
would not only be work for all who
desired it in the state, but that there
might be an actual shortage of la
bor to meet the demands. It might
be necessary to in". port help, they
thought, .to rush the work during
favorable weather.
LEAGUEPLAN
WILL STAND
SAYS WILSON
Opposition Which Has De
veloped to Covenant Does
Not Change the Mind of the
President on Subject .'
NO REAL CHANGES
THOUGHT NECESSARY
Minor Changes May Be Pos
sibleOpposition Fight
Is Continued
ON BOARD THE V. S. S. GEORGE
WASHINGTON. Maich 8 (By Wire
less to The Associated Press) The
impression gathered by those who
have come into contact with Presi
dent Wilson is that the opposition
which has developed to the league
of nations covenant has not caused
him to decide that any real changes
are necessary. It is recognized that
the changes in minor particulars are
i possible, but is understood that Pres
ident Wilson is not looking for any
fundamental alteration.
Furthermore the president has
given little consideration to this
question. He continues his enjdy
ment of an uneventful voyage.
Rain again set in today. The sun
has not been seen from the George
Washington since the. corning after
her depaiture, but the sea continues
smooth.
BOSTON, March 8. The speaking
campaign in opposition to th- league
of nations plan in the form advocat
ed by. President Wilson and endorsed
by former President Taft. was con
tinued at a meeting that filled Tre-
mont Temple tonight.
AJs lin earlier speeches. Senator
William E. Borah, of Idaho, rcpubli
can. denounced the proposed league
as a league of diplomats rathei than
of nations, with an executive council
in which Asiatic-and European mem
bers could outvote America on purely
American Issues.
Senator Charles S. Thomas, demo
crat, of Colorado, reiterated his con
viction, that the United States ought
to be committed to a new and far
reaching national policy In advance
of a thorough knowledge of every de
tail involved in so momentous an un
dertaking.
Hood River Apple Men '
Beat Al Past Records
4, PORTLAND. Ore.. March 8. The
gross business handled by the co-operative
sales agency of the Hood Riv
er apple growers for the season just
closed was $2,210,900.97, by far the
highest on record, according to the
report of A. W, Stone, manager of
the agency, read tonight at the an
nual meeting of the agency mem
bers. The total number of packages
of fruit handled during the year was
914.330 as against 1.112.660 in
1916 but the receipts that year, the
next highest to 1918 were but $1.
609.295.50. The quality and size
of the 1918 apples were the best on
record the report said.
Portland Ball Club Gets
Ready to Enter Training
PORTLAND. Ore.. March S-WaM
ter II. McCredie, manager and nine
players of, the Portland baseball
team made final preparation today
for their departure Sunday nisht for
tho training camp at Crockett. Calif.
These players will accompany McCre
die south: - Del Baker. James
Schwartz. Rapp, pitchers; Walters,
first base; Bogart. Rltter. Coan. In
fielders and Boezle, a catcher from
Seattle, who Is expected to arrive
from the north In time to Join the
party. Others players will Join the
squad at Crockett, McCredie said.
RAILROADS
SHOULD BE
TURNED BACK
Howard Elliott Tells of Losses
Sustained in Efficiency in
Operation by Government
ControL
DEFECTS IN PRESENT
SYSTEM GIVEN AIRING
Labor Question Considered
One of Most Vital in Handl
ing Big Problems
CHICAGO. March 8. The early
return of the railroads to operation
by the companies which own them
and the passage cf constructive leg
islation to enable private operation
to be made successful were advocat
ed by Howard Elliott, chairman and
president of the Northern Pacific
railway, in an address before the
Commercial club of Chicago at
diner here tonight.
Mr. Elliott presented some data
which brought out contracts between
the situation of the railways under
private and government operation.
"The Pennsylvania system." he
said, 'furnishes 12.2 per cent or the
total ton mileage and 12V4 per cent
of the total passenger mileage of
the steam roads of this country. On
December 31, 1917, that system had
233.600 employesand on December
31. 1918. it had 273.101 employes.
Although the ton mileage handled In
ways being In the year 1917 under
private control) nearly 40,000 mor
employes were required to handle
the smaller volume of business.
"These statements are not made
in criticism lof the railroad admlnls
tration or of members of it. but are
simply to emphasize the point that
the system of government operation
Is not productive of be?t results
With the same railroads a little bet
ter equipped in 1918 than in 1917
and the same officers and men. bnt
with different organization and di
rection, and with the head men
working as hard as human beings
could work, and with vast power
anrt freedom from restricted laws-
government control bad the effect of!
deducing that tireless energy and
individual initiative ho important to
the success of any enterprise, and
the total output of the railroads was
less than in 1917 and was very mucb
more costly to the country."
"The railway executives do not be
lieve in the so-called regional plan
under which all of the railroads I
given a territory are to be merged
into one system. They believe that
our geographical, economic and so
cial conditions are so different from
those existing in foreign countries,
that we mut solve our problem In
our way and not adopt a plan be
cause some other nation may have
experimented with it.
"Small, unsuccessful, and so-called
weak lines' that are depending upon
their connections with the great
trunk lines, must gradually be ab
sorbed and become a part of the lar
ger system; just as has been done in
the past.
"Regulated competition, especially
as to service, should be continued be
tween the great systems. NYitnout
reasonable competition development
and the introduction of the most im
proved and advanced methods for
giving service to the public will be
checked.
"What Is. called the labor ques
tion is, of course, one of the mo-t
serious and difficult confronting tb
whole world. -the railroads in parti
cular and there must be a broad view
of it and 'a spirit of give and take bv
all classes of people. All good citi
zens desire to see wages -nd living
conditions improve but there Is a li
mit to what commerce and Industry
can pay and survive. It is surely
better to have reasonable wages and
continuous employment rather than
to force wages so high that industry
languishes, for then the ware earn
ers themselves will suffer most of
all.
"An effective transportation mar
chine Is vital to the interests of the
naiton In war and peace. Its Impor
tance Justifies, having a man in the
cabinet to confer on an equality with
other cabinet officers dealing with
the great national questions and re
sources, and to present the transpor
tation needs of the nation di recti v
to the president and his advisors. He
will not manage and operate the rail
roads any more than the secretary
of agriculture manages and operates
the farms of the country.
"Some have suggested that the
government guarantee a fixed return
upon railroad property. Tho rail
road executives believe that a guar
anty would tend to reduce Initiative
and retard efficient management,
and they do not ask for it. They
believe with adequate rates, reason
able liberty o act, and good manage
ment, roads that have been wisely
planned, honestly financed, and-well
(Continued on Page 2)
LEAGUE DEFIERS
SPURN MENVHO
LEAD THE FIGHT
Ap Service Opposers of Na-
Hear Soldier
UNIFORM IS FLAUNTED
Senator Lodge Is Upheld by
Meeting That Is Staged
in Old Boston
BOSTON. March 8. Resolution
indorsing the attitude of United
States Senator Henry Cabet Lodge
toward the proposed league, of na
tiocs and opposing the acceptance of
the constitution of the league In Its
present form, were adopted at a
matins at Tremont Temple tonight.
A man In uniform who demanded
from th floor the right to speak on
th resolutions failed to get a hear
inr. S
Attacks on the league by t'nlted
States Senators William) E. Borah
and Charles 8. Thomas land forra-r
Senator "Albert J. Beverldge drew
frquent applause and repeatedly the
audience rose to Its feet ana cneerj
A minority at time interrupted, the
sneakers to dissent, but counter
demonstrations drowned their voies
When Senator Borah declared that
nn provision for the freedom of
Ireland had been made he started
a demonstration that was helped
lone bv a rounc woman In the
gallery who unfurled the flag of the
"republic of Ireland.
As the meeting f called to order I
a r 1 . - A - I
a man in me auaieiwe nura ir
three cheers for the president and
got them, but after that those who
sympathized with the apeakert had
the meeting well In hand.
At the suggestion of former Sena
tor Beverldge. who presided. It was
voted to send the following tel-
rrmm to Senator Lodge':
We. citizens of Massachusetts.
reeardless of party, in Tremont
Temple assembled, send yon their
unqualified support In your efforts
to secure the future of America and
the neace of the world.
Resolutions opposing the adoption
of the constitution of the league In
its present form to be sent to the
peace conference and tne mitea
States senate were offered, i The
creat rart of the audience arose in
approval and the band striking up
"The Star Spangled Banner" brought
th. others to their feet.
The audienc with its Interjections
was noisy, but good natured and
every sally of approval or dissent
evoked laughter along with the
counter comment. i
The three speakers later ad-
dies fed an overflowing roertlng of
several thousand persons In the
street.
Fnn'erfll of Baby Is Held
from Silverton Church
SIIA'KRTON. Ore.. March 8,
(Special to The Statesman) The
baby of Mr. and Mrs. Selmer Nles
did Wdnesday and the funeral was
held at Trinity chu.ch Friday after
noon.
Mr. and Mrs. S. B. Berg have
moved fiom Barlow to the Com stock
place on Water street which Mr.
Berg recently purchased. Nellie and
Klmer. their two youngest children
came with them. Miss Emma Berg.
vhn Irvnlr a fntir-tnonths -btislness
course at the University of Oregon.
la with her parents at present. butlrrnc-
expects to .'go to Portland before I
long. - ,1
Mr. and Mrs. O. K. Silo have pnr -
rhad the K. Small farm In the Wal-
do Hills and moved there Thursday.
Mia. John Jlnnlngrow who has
been 111 for several months, was mov
ed to the Silverton hospital.
Fullerton Given Year in
. .. n ' . .
Jail; Parole IS Uranted
EUGENE. Ore.. March 8. James
Fullerton. who was convicted on Fri
day by a Jury on the charge of llbI
against the University of Oregon
Its president. P. T.. Campbell, and
the students, was today sentencd by
Judge Skipworth to serve a term of
one year in the county Jail, but the
judge annouced that he will be par
oled to the eourt after having serv
ed 30 days. A condition of the par
ole is that he shall refrain from pub
lishing matter derogatory to the uni
versity. President Campbell and the
students.
CoL May and Men Will Be
. Entertained at ' Portland
PORTLAND. Ore.. March
Plans were completed here today for
a reception to be tendeied Monday
to Colonel John L. May and 20
men lust discharged at Camp Iewis
from the 162nd infantry, formerly
the third Oregon. Colonel May and
the soldiers are due here about 4
o'clock Monday afternoon.
BOLSHEVISM
DECLARED A
DARK MENACE
Ambassador Francis Asserts
That 1 0 Years of IU Rule in
Russia Will Mean Eventual
Hun Victory.
GERMAN EXPLOITATION
CONTINUES RAMPANT
Propaganda Is Continually
Spread to Increase Power
of Teuton Government
WASHINGTON. March 8. David
R. Francis, who went to Russia a
American ambassador In 1)16 befor
the overthrow of the monarchy and "
who remained there until after the
botshevlsU bad seized the govern
ment, testifying today before the
senate committee Investigating law
less propaganda, warned that shoal J
the bolshevikl be permitted to. re
main In power all Russia wonli b
exploited by the German". Within
10 years under such conditions, b
said. Germany would be the victor
of the war and that the nation vould
was In 1914.
. Ambassador Francis told the com
mittee that a complete and thorough
understanding of the Russian men
ace convinced him that with the bol
leits in power in Russia. rac-
Tint nnlv In Vnn. V. . V A n ..
- i .ivb uui lumuiuvu.
I pwwoijuy. tie said tnat eren cow
I there was good reason for believlns
I that German, and Austrian officer
rr wun me uea forces, operating
in northern Russia and he added that
ine Germans steadily were getting
grip upon the vital of Ros!a, ani
her Industries.
Mr. Francis further testified that
I information reached h'ra that Ttv
I mond Robblns. forme? American Red
I Cross commissioner to Russia bad
upon his return to the United States
carried a proposal from th bnlh.
vlk government to President Wiloa
This proposal he said he understood
was an ofer of certain concessions to
the American government similar to
those granted Germany In the treaty
of Brest-Lltovsk.
The ambassador cald n far k
knew. Mr. Robblns was never given s
an opportunity to present the pro-
pwai to tne president.
In reply to questions fro
hers of the committee. Mr. Francis
said It was his understanding that
the soviet government did not desire
truain. r ranee and the allies On
the contrary, his . Information, he
said, was to the effect that the bol
sheviks wished to conceal the srono.
sal from the governments associated
with the Cnlted States.
U nieriean and allied troop were
withdrawn from northern Ru.!a. h
was positive the bc-lshevUts would
sweep In and engage in an orgy of
murder and destruction on a sral
such as the world has nrwr umii.
Reports that the bolshevlfta wer
sending their agents Into Germany.
t ranee and Kn gland were upheld by
the ambassador who said he believed
the efforts in this country thus far
had taken the form of monev for
use In spreading of their propagan
da. He told of the deliver- of l.ol-
shevlst propaganda to the armies of
I d the United State 1
Tne ambassador said the soviet
government had recently b--n ptti-
l"neo not to carry out the di nation
I anrauon of certain bank, the obJtU
of the petitioners being, he said, to
auow oerman agents to obtain con
trol of the stock of those institutions.
Mr. Francis said It was not tra
that the ma - of the Russians fa
vored the rule of the bolheTlsts. As
a matter of fact, according to Am
wmaor rrancis. ies man a con-.
stantly dwindling ten per cent of,
bassador Francis, les than
ii me peopje in uussia iiongel to
the bolshevists. He painted a TiviJ
picture or the terror that reigffs I
the old country of the rzar and told
of one instance where the gutters in
from a courtyard in IVtrograd ac
tually ran with blood from the vic
tims of the boUhcvlsts. Jlc said that
more than (00 Innocent hostages
were kllld at one time and that hi
observation of conditions and af
fairs in Russia led him to belle
the holshevifts In their every cv
practices committed excesses far l"
yond the wifdest dreams of the anar
chist. "Anarchist, as I understand
thera." he declared. 'b!ieve only in
the destruction of property.- - The
bolhevlts believe In the d"-truct-ion
of property and life as wtll for
they realize that their only mean.
of continuing In power Is by kll!lnz
all tho. who dare oppose thrni.
Speaking of the Circho-Kbnak
forces in Rusj-ia. Mr. Francis said
there was not the slightest douM
but that they were betrayed by Trot
ksy at the Instigation of. the Ger
mans. Trotsky, said the amfcasaador
agreed to assist the Cxecho-Slovaks.
(ConUaued oa Fag 2)