The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, March 31, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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8 Pages
Plans for Settling Industrial
Disputes by Mediation Em
bodied in National War La
bor Program
Right of Workers to Organize
Recognized Coercion "
Is Ruled Out
WASHINGTON', March. 30. rAn
agreement tbat there t-hall be no
strikes or lockouts during, the, war
and a recommendation that all In
dustrial disputes be settled by a gov
ernment mediation body are th-i
principal provisions of a national
war labor program projected by rep
resentative of capital and labor and
made pablic tonight by Secretary of
Labor Wl'son.
The program Was drawn up by six
representatives of capital .six rep
resentatives of labor and two men
representing the public after confer
ences lasting for wore than a month.
Thepublie. representatives were
Former President Taft and Frank
P. Walsh. : . -
The mediation body would be
known as the , national war labor
board to be made up as was the
eoard that prepared the-program. In
addition there" would be local boards
in the industrial center. to deal Im
mediately with any controversies
that might arise. ' .
Strike, Lockout Abolibel.
Principles and policies to govern
- tbe relations ofworkers and their
employers !n war. Industries were
agreed to "as follows: t
.There should be no strikes or
lockouts daring the war.
"The rlrht of workerito organize
In trade tmions and to bargain col
lectirely, through chosen representa
tive v. Ja recognized and affirmed.
"The right of employers to organ
ize in associations or groups and to
bargain collectively, through chosen
representatives, Is recognized an I
"Employers should not discharge
workers for membership In trade un-
f Continued on Paee 2.V
Foulards, Pussy, Willows, Crepe de Chene and
Georgette Crepes also Elegant Showing of Women s
Neckwear. 1
' ... ? .
Today -Easter is Springs formal opening.
You'll surely want some of these for this season.
Observe that silk is the cheapest material you can
buy today, comparatively speaking. Also note
the completeness of these lilies ;not one or two
shades, but a full range.
Tin is a very unusual showing of this type of
Silk. The colors are navy, copt n Mm-, green,
tan, rose, reseda, gray, brown, khaki, ivory, gold
and white. Beautiful designs on, light, medium
and dark grounds, :I6 to 40 inches wide, per
yard. . . to $'iAV
Here is an assortment of (leorgette Crepes and
Crepe De Cliin'c seldom equaled. Nearly every r
shade you might wish in these truly wonderful '
fabrics: Crepe De Chine in five qualities priced
at yard ..... .$1.65, $1.85, $2.00, 2.23, $2.65
(ieorgette Crepes in two weights and 70 of the
most 'important .Spring shades 40 inehes wide;
. yard - j .$1.85 and $1,195
WOMEN'S 1 f '
rt Just in by express a splendid and large assort
ment of new spring novelties in white atid colors.
Made up of lace, pique, poplin, satin, georgette
Crepe, Organdie and other washable materials.
Make your se lection while the, line is complete.
Hereafter this store will j close at 5:45 p. m.
' except Saturday.
.- . - i . ......
$12,000 Theft From. Reserve
Bank Frankly Confessed
J by Charles Cole
) !
Inquiry Concerning Invest-
' j ment Leads to Place
as Clerk
Theft of $12,000 worth rf lihUPt
1 onds from the Twelfth federal re.
s-erve Dank was confessed here iat?
today by Charles Cole. 3-3 years old.
who had been employed as an assis
tant transfer clerk in the riscal de
partment of the bank since last De
cember, according to federal author
ities. Cole was held on S10.oo0.000
bonds by the United States: rorum Li
stener on tbe charge of. appropriat
ing sproperty of the government. He
Lad been taken into custody earlier
fn the day by Harry Afoffitt. chief of
the United States st-cret service here,
as he was withdrawing from a sav
ings bank money which the "federal
officials charged, was the proceeds
of the sale of some of the purloined
I Wife Figures In Confession.
Coles" wife was implicated in her
husband's confession, the federal au
thorities said, but she was released,
after being detained several hours,
on the ground that a husband and
wife cannot both be held on a con
spiracy charge of the sort brought
against Cole. ...
Several aliases wfftp used by Cole,
According to the federal officials.
When first, arrested, his name was
given as Carl Conrad, the name un
der which he obtained emplovment
at tbe bank. Later, federal officials
said, he admitted Cole was his real
name, and that he had assumed the
name of Conrad because of family
troubles. Other aliases were used
when depositing money in banks
h?re, it was stated.
i Wager on Wilson Won.
According to the purported con
fession. Cole ltyed In Washington.
D. C, for several years, and acted
In ia confidential capacity for sever
al congressmen, notably A. Mitchell
Palmer, now custodian of enemy pro
perty. Iater he moved to Cosrnopo
lis Wash., a suburb of Aberdeen,
and was employed by the Grays Har
bor Lumber company. He won a
$400 wager that Woodrow Wilson
( Continued on page 21
Teutons Press Assaults in Vi
cinity of Rlondidier; Battle
Breaks Out Anew North of
Somme River
German Army Re-establishes
Communications as War
3 Wheels Slow Down
LONDON'. March 3). The Ger
mans have th? vHlages of
Aubvillers. five and a half ntilt
northwest of Montdidier: Orievnes.
Cantigny. Mesnil St. Georges. Le
Monc-bel and Ayencourt. the war of
fice announced this 'evoning. (All
the villages named are in the Mont-H
didier region. )
The summary of the situation is
sued by the war offic e reads:
rth. of the Somme. on the
JJritLfh front, there Is no change In
the situation. South of ' the Somme
we maintained our positions.
Six Village Fail.
"Further south, during the course
of the day, heavy attacks on the
French front have enabled Ihe Ger
mans to gain ground wesf of the
Avre and south and southeast of
Montdidier. Tbe Germans have cap
tured the villages of Aubvillers,
Grievnes, Cantigny. Mesnll St.
Georges. Le Monrhel and Ayen
court. Sast of this latter place,
heavy igbting Is going on and the
exact situation is not known.
"The weather has broken and a
heav rain is falling."
IXXDON March 30. The Ger
mans forced their way into the vil
lage of Demuin this morning, but
were held up at the western out
skirts of the j village, according to
the statement issued by the war of
fice : tonight, '' which also reports
strong enemy attackjg oif the line a
short, distance south of Arras.
The statement reads:
Ilattle Ilreaks Out Anew.
"North of ' the Somme. after a
short lull yesterday, the battle broke
out afresh this morning. .
"The enemy repeated his costly
and unsuccessful , assaults both in
the region of Roirey and Hoyelles
and K immediately north of the
Somme. All these assaults deliver
ed in considerable strength and with
fresh troops, were thrown back with
heavy, losses to the enemy and our
positions remained Intact.
"Vye took a number of prisoners.
Teutons. Enter Ientuin.
A heavy bombardment of our de
fenses east of Arras accompanied the
delivery of the attack. South of the
Somme and between that river and
the Avre figllting .has continued in
cessantly, attacks and counter-attacks
taking place at frequent In
tervals. The enemy forced his way
this morning into the village of De
muin, in the Luce valley, but is held
un at the western outskirts of the
village." ;. ':
FRANCE, March.- 30. The wheels
bt the war mill continued to turn
slowly on the Iljitish battle front toj
day, although there are many indi
cations that intense speeding up may
come at any moment. ,
Just south of the Soarpe, near Ar
ray, the enemy late this forenoon
began a bombardment which might
easily presage another assault . on
that' city. It is written in the books
that such an attack will come, but
up to thIatest rtports there has
been no inrantry action. Farther
south, on the Hritish right, there
was hard local fighting about Me
zferes and Demuin. which was a con
tinuance of yesterday's struggle, but
the most Important action seemed
to he takiftsf place on the French
left, where it was reported ftie Ger
mans were pursuing their fnriou
Germans Want 1 imc.
, Along the rest of 'the battle' front
comparative inactvity continued si
far as infantry fighting was con
cerned. This. then. ffi33.the Ftatus of af
fairs on the teTth jlay 'r the battle,
and whilo no inc bn foresee what
trend uch vasiiope rat ions will take.
there are many, things to support
the following i interpretation of tne
; For two days past there has been
a cessation along the major portion
of the northern front of the bitter
warfare waeed at the outset. Un
doubtedly this Is In accordance wilh
the German plan, for It was Impos
sible for tlie enemy to proceed far
ther without pausing to bring for
wid his supporting artilleryjreor
gsSitw his fighting forces and
establish communications. Th.s
things now are being accomplished.
The main factor affecting the, ope
rations is the question of time.
Odor of Death Fill Air.
T.nvnONM March 30. The Morn
ing Post's correspondent in France
draws a gruesome picture oi oaine
field conditions.
(Continued on Fage 2.)
Conflict Similar to That at
Verdun Expected by
French Troops
. . .
Teutons, In Order to Smooth
Out Salient, Must Pay
Heavy Price
(Bw The AsaiK-ititi d presn)
FRANCE, March 30. The Impres
sion tonight among the troops fight
ing aloog the front is that the battle
will develop into a long struggle
similar to that at Verdun and the
first battle of the Somme. The Ger
mans are making strenous efforts to
bniig their heavy artillery forward
to support their infantry, whioh has
borne the brunt of the whole engage
ment thus far Ic L considered
proable that they will make another
formidable rush with all their avail
able reserves, but the allied com
manders view the future with confi
dence. They regard the situation as
a geneial rule satisfactory and be
lieve that the only change will be
toward improvement.
II unn Occupy Jo-kef.'
The eiiians now occupy a sort
of pocket in the Fjanco-British lines,
which leaves them open to flank at
tacks. For this reason they extend
ed thir attacking line to the east
ward of Arras for the purpose of
smoothing out a sharp salient, but
In order to be successful they will
be compelled to pay a heavy price.
Whether they will be able to af:'ord
this after the extremely heavy loses
they have sustained. Is for them to
Judge. They used up a larger num
bers of divisions of their reserves
than they foresaw would be neces
sary to make the progress they had
already achieved, for the resistance
of the British was unexpected, con
sidering their Immense disparity of
numbers m compared to the attack
ers. Front Extend 53 Mile.
The front now extends approxi
mately fifty-five miles and the
French occupy the line to within a
few kilometers' south of the Somme
river. Everjwhere the French and
British are working In complete
harmony, holding their newly occu
pied positions with wonderful tenac
ity. On Thursday, when the Ger
mans occupied a hill called Mount
Reoadd, the intention of retaking It
was expressed by a French general,
but a British general, commanding
a cavalry division, requested- the
honor of attacking: It, which was
given. The dismounted cavalrymen
advanced to the assault, watched by
their French comrades, and, meeting
the obstinate German defense, suc
ceeded In capturing the hill and , in
holding It Uunly ever since.
The Germafis who were advancing
in two directions, namely, toward
Amiens and beyond Montdidier. ap
peared to have slowed down their
efforts ia the direction of Amiens
and to have thrown the greater part
of their force around Montdidier,
where, however, theyV encountered
determined resistance; from the
French who even regained some
grouird by counter-attacks.
Madame S torch, Held
as Spy, DiesSaddenly
NEW YORK. March 20 Madame
L'espina Davidovitch Storrh, thj
young Turkish woman who was
charged with being the leader of a
band of German spHs taken into
custody in this city a fortnight ago.
died suddenly today In her quarters
on Ellis Island, it was learned to
nlKht. The, death of Madame Storch is
believed to have len due to pneu
monia, although secrecy was main
tained as to the details. She had
been taken to Ellis Island pending
action by the government, which pro
bably would have resulted in her ba
ing deported to Fri.nce. where she
might have met the traditional fate
of a spy.
Madame Storch was lorn in Con
stantinople only 23 years ago. Her
father was a German and her mober
a Turk. Government agents believe
that she had ben for years In the
secret service of Germany, although
she denied this until the last.
Liberty Loan Bond
BUI Passes House
WASHINGTON. March 30. Tfce
liberty loan bond WJ1 was passed
unanimously by the house today ir
virtually the same form as reported
from the ways and means committee,
which framed It in accord with rec
ommendations of" Secretary McAdoo.
It now goes to the senate, which is
expected to pass It, Monday.
The bill aS passed gives Secretary
McAdoo authority to issue $S.00C
000.000 in certificates, of indebted
ness, to Issue $1,500,000,000 more
of liberty bondsIn accordance w5th
the $3,666,000,000 now authorized,
but unissued, fixes the Interest ralf
on the third bond issue at 4U per
rent and authorizes the loan of an
additional $ 1,500. 000, 000 to tt?
PUT DP 150
Chairman Hurley Grants Re
quest to Place Contracts
With Private Yards for
Motor-Driven Vessels
V -
Proposal of Atlantic-Pacific
Company Presented by
Senator McNary
WASHINGTON. March-30. A new
shipbuilding program for private In
terests was approved today by the
shipping board, as a further offset
to the-drive acrainst allied tonnage
which is being made by German sub
marines. ,tj
Chairman Hurley announced that
the request of the Atlantic and Pa
cific company for permission to place
contracts with shipyards . in Oregon
for 15u motor driven wooden ships
of 30uO tons each, has been granted
under certain restrictions. Since the
new contracts will not Interfere with
the government program either ia
timbers or machinery, officials of the
board were frankly enthusiastic over
the idea.
"We want to encourage American
shipowners to put their money into
building more ships." Mr. Hurley
said. "If all owners would follow
the idea, the American flag would
rsoon get back on Ithe seas." -
March $urjiaKMM Goal.'
The government building program
for March surpassed the goal set ia
launchings by 12,000, tons, the ship
ping board .announced today, but
fell short In deliveries, because of
shortage of steel plates. Thirty ves
sels of 323,786 tons were pHt into
the water and twenty vessels of
162.200 tons were completed.
Growth of the submarine tolls has
spurred officials to greatlf efforts
to hasten the building of shjps. Tbe
four official announcements issued
in London this month contained the
records of eighty-one BrUish ships
sunk of which fifty-four were f
more than 1600 tons each. In Feb
ruary the loss of sixty-seven British
ships, of which forty-nine were more
than 1600 tons each, was recorded.
The total increase was fourteen
ships, or 20 per cent.
Mr Nary Present Proposal.
The proposal of the Atlantic and
Pacific company to build the fleet of
motor ships was presented to the
shipping board .by Senator McNary
of Oregon. Eastern capitalists were
aid in be financing the scheme.
Their Identity could not be confirm
ed officially but the Du Ponts were
said to be ampng those Interested.
Each ship probably would cost be
tween $3.r,p.OOO and $400,000.
Senator McNary asked that this
ruling be granted by the shipping
"That wooden ship yards not em
ployed In the construction of wooden
ships for this government shall be
free to contract iwth private inter
ests for construction of wooden
ships: such ships ISO be built by
American organizations and ' sailed
under the American flag; steamers
to be approximately 3000 "tons dead
weight capacity.
Kuling Granted by Hurley.
. 'That any wooden ships that such
conctrns shall contract to v build
within the limitations of this ruling
and under any contract dated prior
to further orders by thlsjgovern
ment. changing such lim&jMions.
they, t h" said concerns. shall5fe free
to build, complete and 4 deijver to
the parties entitled to game" under
the contract.- V te
In his reply Mr. ilnrley gave his
decision on that point:
"Ruling is hereby granted, but
subject to the f urtheijjronditlons that
the regulation of shifting rates shall
be made under thefhlpptng board,
that said hoard shall, be Informed
from time to time, upon its request,
of the number, capacity and equip
ment of the" ships in .process of con
struction by the shipbuilding con
cern that shall engage in business
under the ruling above set forth, and
further that all such concerns will
comply with all Instructions as to
wages or conditions of employment
of labor, or prwess of materials In
mriting by the shipping board or oth
er agency of the government having
jurisdiction or control of the subject
matter. ,
llow AtKrr YOt lt WATCH
Remember that time advanc
ed an hour all over the I'nited
States at 2 o'clock this roorn
iag. If you have turned your
watch an hour ahead.', it will
guide yon correctly to church
or to the depot to catch a train.
If you haven't set your time
piece ahead, then youll have
to go to church at 10 o'clock
instead of 11 if you go by
your watch. Daylight is to be
saved in the United States from
now until October and the sav
ing begins today.
Women andr Children Again
Victims o Long-Ran ge
American Woman in Y. M. C
A. Service Dies in France
Like Soldier ,
PARIS, March 3. Paris w
Again bombarded by th long dit-taix-e
German cannon this morning.
Eight dead, among whom are four
women, and U7 wounded, including
lino women and even children,
were the casualties resulting from
the bombardment today.
PARIS. March 30. Miss Marion
G. Crandell of Alameda, Calif., was
killed Wednesday night during a
German bombardment of St. Mene
hould. She had just returned to her
room from the soldier's canteen
across the street, wher she was em
ployed as a worker, when a shell
crashed through her window. Sev
eral pieces of the proJnrUle struck
her in the head and face. ,
She was taken to a nearby hos
pital, where she died in a few min
utes. The funeral services were conduct
ed the next morning, a French army
chaplain presiding. Her coffin was
draped withj the French tri-colors
and stood next to the coffin of a
French soldier killed in the same
bombardment.: She was given a mil
itary funeral and interment was
made in the military cemetery, where
her's is the only woman s grave
among thosexf 6000 French soldiers.
"She -came to. work for soldiers;
she died. like a sojdier," declared the
army chaplain.
Miss Crandell was' the first Ameri
can woman to be killed in Y. M. C.
A. work at the front. Memorial
services will be held in the American
church in Paris tomorrow afternoon
with the local Y. M. C. A. person
nel attending In tt body. ; . ,
Clock Hands Move; U. S.
Has First 23-Hour Day
NEW YORK. March 31. The
"night owls" of this cUy had a pa
triotic excuse for lingering In Madi
son Square until o'clock this
morning, for at that hour Marcus M.
Marks, president of the, National
Daylight Saving association, official
ly advanced the hands of tbe clock
on the Metropolitan tower one hoar,
thereby ushering in hce the first
23-hour day the country has ever
The elty was determined to- make
the inauguration of the daylight
saving plan as a "within the war
measure" a gala event. Madison
Square was strung with lights and a
patriotic rally was hJld from 11
o'clock until "3 -o'clock" this morn
ing, a period of three actual and ouo
theoretical hour.. .
Deckebach and Workers
Have Plans Perfected
r Chairman F. O. Deckebaeh and
many of his committeemen yester
day perfected plans for a prompt
start on the morning of April 6. a
week hence, when blue colored lib
erty bells will be hung on every door
knob in the land and will peal out
"Ring me again." signalling the ad
vent of the ' bond drive in which
S3.000.000.000 is to be raised before
June 30th.
Attention was called to -the fact
that the farmers, by using the prlvl
eleges extended to them in the fed
eral farm loan system can get the
ready money to buy machinery, seeds
or make any Improvements, bo that
money saved up can be used to loan
to the government.
Congressman Lenroot
Forecasts His Election
ANT1GO. Wis., March 2 0.-i-"I con
fidently -exect to be elected to the
,lnited States senate on Tuesday,"
said Congressman Irvine L. Lenroot.
Republican candidate, in an address
here tonight. "And if I am, I shall
tevote every energy to my part of
the huge task before that body. We
fffust understand that after the war'
the work of reconstruction in this
country will be great, unequalled by
that in any country ia the world.
Ww shall have marshalled our re
sources, perhaps "-to the last dollar,
before this war is won."
Former King Constantine
Is Ordered Prosecuted
ATI! KNSe Friday, March 29. As
a result oflharrea brought by th
public prosecutor, a court martial
has erderedthe criminal prosecution
of former King Constantine.
Sunday, fair, light frost In the
early morning in cast portion; mod
erate northwesterly winds. -
Smashing Assaults on 25
Mile Front Blocked by.
Splendid Resistance; of
French Troops Small Re
serve Used in Battle
U. S. Transport Sections Ac
tive in- Bringing Up Sup
plies and American Troops
Are Eager, to Enter Fight
(Bit The Atsociated Prnm)
FRANCE. March 30. The heavy
bombardment which was in progress
last night when the correspondent
left the front developed today Into
a general battle along the French
Jlne from Moreuil to beyond Lassig
ny. Here one of the crown prince's
armies, under Von Hutler. made a
series of smashing assaults aimed
at. various points and extending
twenty-five miles. The French re
serves came Into action with th j
greatest vigor, offering the sternest
resistance. Von Ha tiers is utilizing
the method of attack which was suc
cessful at Riga, but . this time he
finds himself confronted by troop 3
who are" prepared to meet all bis
ruses. He is throwing division aft
er division into the battle with what
appears to be recklessness, but this
principle of risking an 'entire forco
in order to attain an object can be
successful only when the adversaries
are inferior In quality or overwhelm
ed by numbers.
French I folding Reserve.
The French line Is displaying
splendid resistance .and while the
Germans are expending an enormous
part of their strength, the i French
troops retain their virile power for
making a strong counter-stroke, in
which they will be aided by their re
serves, which, up to the present,
have for the most part only been
held in readiness to steo Into the
arena when the enemy shows signs
of weakening. '.-
The Germans appear to have found
time to bring up large numbers of
guns and trench .mortars. J Nothing
definite has yet beea accomplished
since today's onslaught begun., Ttw
French troopa'are fighting conTi
dently and cheerfully. It Is possible
that some fluctuations In the line
will occur In' the course of the day.
but only at the heaviest cost to the
Germans, who have again adopted
the dense wave formation during the
attack, offering splendid targets to
the famous French field guns and
machine guns. .
I'. S. Transport Section Worldw
A large number of American trani
Jort section are taking an aftlvo
part In bringing up supplies. Behind
the lines especially farther orth,
French and British troops are work-,
ing In perfect harmony. During the
rapid retirement In the first days of
Ihe battle, many British units be
came separated, but never lost dis
cipline. The larger uffits now are
undergoing reorganization .prepar
ing to take their places again In the
battle line. ? .. .
(By Ti AocUitf4 rrra)
Balked In their efforts to make
ground along the northern side of
the salient they have driven In the
allied line, the Germans now are try
ing to break through to the south
west and south. Along a front of
twenty-five miles, from- Moreuil on
the Avre river. totAsslgnv, a tor
mendous battle wged all Saturday.
The German troops are from the
crown prince armv and are under
the leadership of General von Hu
tler. who Is sending his men for
ward in massed formation,; one wave
following the other without cessa
tion. German Halted by French..
The French troons have stopped
the, Germans and have counter-attacked
with unvarying success. Cor
respondents on this section of the
line declare the French are using
serves hol.ding the others for a pow--v.
antai portion of their re
erfnl blow at the opportune moment.
The German aim Is spDarently to
drive westward from MontdIdIer in
i further attempt at cutting in on
Amiet from th south. The Ger
man line here, however. Is already
considerably extended, tthe northern
win of the 'advance having by n
me us kept pace with the southern.:
If the wish Is Intended to open a
southward path for the Germans It
seems to be exerted too far to the
west Man the southerly line to wlthlt
a way readily to the, Olse where that
river eurves southwest from Noyn
(Continued on Tage 2.)
: - t