Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 30, 1918)
THE OREGON STATESMAN t SATUHUAl , aiittii w,
FO CH SUPREME
Co-ordination Leading to Ap
pointment of French Chief
BAKER IS GIVEN CREDIT
Pershing Offers JVhole of
American Army Foch Is
Savior of Mame
(Continued from Page 1)
ain's allies. To quell the parliamen
tary disturbance the government
found it necessary to announce that
Field Marshal Haig remained in su
preme' command of the British force3
in France and that only, certain Brit
ish forces had been contributed to
the" military pool as In the strategic
reserve of the army of maneuvers.
British . Reported M on Over-.
'Now It is assumed that the needs
of j the critical hour have won over
the British cabinet to complete uni
fication, making it possible to meet
; -Easter Special
- In Th e
- -, and
; CHAS. BAY
'is'::"-' v ' r ' ' ;i. ;
the Germans on. the same plane of
organization and centralized authori
ty that have given the enemy an ad
vantage throughoutwthe war.
' As to what is to be done with the
American -troops in the emergency
war department officials are frankly
ignorant. They are to be employed
as the French commander deems
h-st and regardless of the sector?
they now hold or the region assigned
for complete Americanization under
I revioiis plans. To all intent! and
purposes the American forces would
become an integral part of the
French army with which they share
supplies. There probably will be no
statement now or later as to. "the
number of Americans sent to jth-j
Todays' developments will have a
vital bearing on what is to happen
General Is Ceaseless Student-
General Ferdinand Foch la ?f
Basque origin. He was born at Tar
bee in 1851. bnt was raised at Met
Itather than become a German after
the annexation of Lorraine. Foch
preferred to return to France and
help to prepare France for the strus
gle he believed ultimately would
He entered the Polytechnic sehoal
with the number 72. He left it the
45th of his class a rank that was
not considered as Justifying hops
of a irreat'future. He never dazzled
by his brilliance, but he showed that
wonders could be accomplished by
application. He never ceased study,
except to teach.
; War Strateiry lrned. m
Foch began by mastering the strat
egy of the war of 1870 in its minut
est details. Knowing the mentality
of the German, - he , counted upon
their : repealing irr future conflicts
the maneuvers that had succeeded
He alBo expected them1 to make some
of the old mistakes. In his teach
ings at the Superior War school and
in hia writings he held always to the
idea of an inevitable aggression by
Germany. Sprung with vlightnin?
like rapidity after long premedita
tion and mast mlnnte preparation
the swift thunderbolt of the, opening
to develop into a struggle of colloa
To parry the blow, Foch said re
peatedly. France 'must have a staff
working In the same direction. -practicing
the same doctrines nnder a
vigorous and audacious chief, shirk
ing no responsibility, preserving the
equilibrium, of his mind and the
force of his- intelligence under for
midable difficulties and exercising
without hesitation the most redoubt
able richts over his subordinates,
i French Army Educated.
Foch foresaw Joffre as clearly as
he roresaw the. war of 1914 arising
fmm the name motives as the. war of
1870 and developing with the earn
oojective fans. tie ingugoi : d:
saw quite as clearlv a different issue,
and it would be difficult to estimate
the value of the servlc he tendered
to France by communicating his con
fidence to the young officers. His
work at the Superior War school
contributed largely to the perfection
of the French army, which. If less
"disciplined' than the German army,
was held by him to be far better
"educated." f .
The stars of a general were given
Foch In 1907 and the command of
Thi wearing apparel we sell suits, hats, shoes, overcoats, etc. etc is always selected
with an eye single to Quality.
This was the principle upon which our business was established it is the principle we
have followed day in and day out during the many years we have been in business in
Salem it will continue our principle in the future. "
When you buy anything here you may know that the QUALITY is the best obtainable
for the price. We guarantee QUALITY quality of material as well as quality of work
manship. ( ':
: . ' ' ' ' -i
A suit for yourself or for the boy-will give you good service it will wear well, look
well, hold its shape welL
It may cost you a little more money than the poorer quality garments but its value to
you in length of service and in appearance will far outweigh the difference in cost
QUALITY In This Season's Stock
:;. ; - i t- - '-t
Our new spring stock has quality stampsd-all over it It is worthy of your inspection.
Notwithstanding the increased cost of woolens it is priced moderately.
TO -D A Y
MEREDITH CO. f
KIDS FROM KOKOMO
Trick and t Fancy Skating J
THE ANGEL FACTORY
I U. S. ARMY
ALL NEW SHOW
ALLEN and MORTON
Two Fools and a Fiddle
DEIBEL and RAY '
"WAIT A MINUTE"
the Superior War school, where he
left bis mark as professor. Prefer
ring a more active command, he re
signed In 1912 and commanded su
cessively the eighth and twentieth
army corps, and proved that he wa
one of the few military writers or
professors who also fas an efficient
handler of men In the field.
Foch Is Maroe Hern.
The war found Foch at Nancy", the
headquarters of the 20th corps. - His
corps was attached to General Cast
elnau's army and he was selected to
command a new .army concentrating
behind the center of the forces morch
Ing to 'the Belgian frontier to meet
the Germans. ; ,; t
! 'This army was not ready in time
to take part in the battle of Charle
roi. but Is contributed singularly to
the victory of the Marne. Foch's
120,000 men. holding the center in
that struggle had before them nearly
200.000 Germans, including the Prua
flan guard, and at times the p:e
sure was so great that Is seemed the
thin line must break.
"They are so frantic in their at
tacks," said Foch, "that is must be
things are going badly with- them
elsewhere. . So let's hold on."
At another stage of the struggle
aides de cariip came up with the dis
quieting news that both the right
and left wings had been obliged to
"In that case." said Foch. "there's
nothing to do but smash them in the
center. Order up the Moors."
General Dubois, with the Moors
on his left, smashed the Germans
so hard in the center that the Prus
sian guard was thrown back upon
and into the Saint Gond marshe.
Von Hausn's right wing was obliged
to retire In unison, and Foch was
able to reestablish his line.
After the Moroccan riflemen ' bv
three furious charges had captured
the chateau of Mondement report
brought by" aviators showed that in
their retirement the forces of; Von
BueHw had lert a gap between their
wing and Von Hausen's right. It
was by promptly profiting from this
situation, in massing his troops
against Von Hausen exposed flank,
that Foch disengaged General Wan
gle de Cary's troops on his right and
contributed largely to the defeat of
the German army.
TO BE A W)U)IKR.
Whenever you are given an order
for which you can seen no reason.
In a courteous man&er, but very
firmly, ask the officer for further
details and explanations. It may de
velop that there was .j&o reason for
the order being given.
L ;naeavor io relieve me iuuuwij
not parade' by little witticisms and hu
morous comments on tne various
commands. When your company
commander says rngnt iae, repiy
that It Is your right face but you
can't help It. He will be charmed
at your quick wit and probably will
mention it to the entire company.
While on sentry duty. If some on
approaches your post, rise, thrust
your rifle Into the ground, muzzls
first, and say pleasantly. "Who is
It?" If the visitor has not v sitlng
card and you think he is endeavor
ing .to deceive yon, speak to him
bharply. Show him that you are not
to be trifled with.
ehA an Interest in the personal
comfort of those about you. Offer
.the sergeant your snirt. ax im
proper time, ask the colonel if he
has sewed himself tip for the winter.
T aro gWnt wfthOUt leave
and your companv commander
.peaks to yon loom u. xeu n
your are taking your next furlough
on the Installment plan. This bus
inesslike reply will greatly Pee
him.. In all probability he will give
yon a permanent vacation. Brain
) ; . ,
In the4 rural " parts of Schleswlg
Holstein they speak of a place as be
ing pipe, or two " pipes, or three
nipes distant, according to the num
ber of pipes one eould amoke while
walking there. !
OFF MENU OF
Representatives of Many of
Country's Leading Hotels
WEALTHY TO TAKE LEAD
Hoover Points Out Shortage)
and Says September Will
WASHINGTON. March 29. Wheat
and wheat products were wiped off
the menus of .several hundred of the
country's leading hotels today In re
sponse to a request of the food ad
ministration that "every independ
ent, every well-to-do- person In the
United States' should pledge com
plete abstinence from wheat, until
the next harvest in order to supply
the imperative needs of the allies.
Hotel managers who had come from
every state in the United States to,
hear new conservation regulations
explained were told by Food Admin
istrator Hoover that the need for
Wheat was even greater now than
when the new regulations were pro
mulgated and that a census of supr,
plies revealed that the harvest had
been less than estimated and that
shipping difficulties made it imper
ative i to. feed the- allies from here
instead of from the Argentine. It
is impossible to ship corn, owing t'o
loss from germination so ihat wheat
must be America's chief contribu
tion to the rations of the peoples
abroad. " n
. Itich. Asked tn Jjend Way.
Mr. Hoover said the renunciation
of luxurious food must begin at the
top of the social scale not only to
set an example, but because the in
dustry population Is dependent to
a large extent on bakers' . bread,
which must have a considerable .pro
nortlon of wheat to be durable.
Therefore, he asked the hotels which
have as patrons people of wealth U
set an example to their clientele
and to other public eating places by
refusing to serve any wheat what
ever until the new crop comes In,
using other cereals and potatoes in
stead. "We stand at the most critical pe
riod of our national history since the
battle .of Gettysburg," Mr. Hoover
declared. "We may have to cut our
wheatfr-consumpflon more than one
half, but the sacrifice must come
from those who have the most, not
from those who have the least. - ' '
September to Ilrinff Relief.
"Oifr wheat acreage this year will
be greater than ever before, and if
the Lord is- good to us In the matter
of weather, our difficulties will be
at an end by September 1 that is
not a long period of sacrifice."
The. reply was an outburst of ap
plause which died away as John
McE. Bowman of New York, head of
the food adlmnistration's hotel di-;
vision, stood up.
"How many will rise with me to
iirnify they will comply with the
chief's request?" Mr. Bowman asked.
It seemed as if every one In the
Hall' rose simultaneously waving
flags taken from the luncheon tables
and cheering with abandon.
"We have pledged ;ourselves to
save wheattfor victory," Mr. Bow
tian announced when quiet was re
stored. Dr. Alonzo Taylor, the food ad
ministration's representative on the
war trade board, told the hotel men
wheat was not a necessary element
of diet, but a luxury, which people
ha-vfl jtrown to prefer because of the
upTlor appearance of the bread it
produces and the convenience with
which it can be shipped and pre
pared. The latter reason made It
necessary to send wheat instead of
other grains to the allies.
TEUTONS YIELD TO
ARMIES OF ENTENTE
(Continued from page 1)
iv the Germans at Montdjdler, but
hs would not he vital If Amiens
tlTcis held by the allies.
This,. German thrust In front of
rra4rhas apparently come to a stop
before Orange hill. Telegraph hill
ind . the labvrlnth troneholds held
by the British In this sector.
Mas Attacks Kail.
Repeated mass attacks by the
Germans on these points have failed.
A German official statement de
clares that since the offensive 70.000
prisoners and 11 00 guns have been
i The French reports are silent as
o the progress made on the line
'rom Lisffgny to Noyon. except to
ay that the attack is still continu
'nr .and that fresh French troops
tre arriving in this region. Nothing
has developed to show that this is
more than a purely local engagement
fought for the purpose of preventing
the Germans from reaching the Olse
Hver and having this stream as an
additional protection to their left
While It has been officially re--orted
from Rome that Austrian di
visions from Russia and Gallcta:
numbering approximately 480,000
men. have arrived on the Italian
front, there have been no develop
ments there Indicating where the
xnected blow from the Teutons
A new advance by the Germans
n Russia Is noted In London dls
njtches. This movement Is In the
neighborhood of Knrts. 300 miles
outh of Moscow. An official Aus
tria statement denies that the
Bolshevik! forces have recaptured
Odessa, the great Russian port on
the Black Sea. ,
BERLIN, via LONDON, March 29.
LAST TIMES TODAY
THE TIE THAT BURNS
BIO DOUBLE SHOW SUNDAY,
Successful engagements between
the Somme and Avre rivers are re
ported in the German official state
ment issued this evening. The state
"There have been successful en
gagements between the Somme and
The text . of the communication
Many Prisoner Claimed.
"In local engagements jn both
sides of the Scarpe we briRe Into
the foremost English positions and
took several thousand prisoners.
Here and north of Albert the Eng
lish continued their fruitless and
- "Between the Somme and the Avre
we attacked again and drove out the
enemy from old positions and from
bravely defended villages in a west
erly and northwesterly direction by
way of Warfusee, Abanecourt and
Plessier. , , '
"The French repeatedly delivered
violent counter-attacks against some
sectors of our new front between
Mbntdldier and Noyon.
' "The booty, which has been ascer
tained up to the present, since the
beginning of the battle amounts to
70.000 prisoners and 1100 guns. Of
these the army of General Von flu
tter alone brought In 40,0-00 pris
oners and 600 guns.
"On the Lorraine front there has
pVen, Increased artillery activity.
"Aviator Captain Baron Von
Riehtoff obtained his 74th aerial
"In the other theaters there is
nothing new to report."
Too Much of It on Both Sides
, of "Puddle" Y. M. G
On 4oth sides of the "puddle"
there is too much worry. So believes
Bruce McDaniel of Salem, who is
with the Eighteenth Engineer corps
in France. So far he is accepting
the war with relish and speaks in
hlg terms of the work of the Young
Men's Christian association since cer
tain Improvements have been made
in the organization In the war zon5.
He writes to his brother, Ivan O.
McDaniel, manager of the Salem
Commercial club, as follows:
Aa you will note, I am starting
this way up near the brim of the
paper for It is going to be brim full
of all the dope I can send you: Been
so long since I've heard from you
and the folks that I've decided that
the most expedient method of get
ting results is to keep hammering
the "Home Lines."
One worries more than necessary
on both sides of the puddle, no
doubt,, but I'm hoping that all my
worries are mere imaginations and
not realities. Don't you folks both
er about me. With the advent of
the gloves for motorcycling I am all
set" for duty and Joy.. Gave one
of the pairs to Bill Page, the motor
cycle rider and ketp the other ooe
and we two are surely getting th
Joy out of them. Will try and send
a snap shot of us in "action" in one
of ray letters in the near future.
Rhodes Visits Camp.
Had a visit from Mr. Rhodes of
the Portland Y. M. C. A. who you
probably have come in contact with
In your dealings in. Portland. Built
on the good old Queen Ann plan and
has a healthy amount of Interest in
the fellows. . His advent Into the Y.
M, C. A. circles has put a new life
into things. With Elvfn, Watson
and the rest of them here we should
see great rejuvenation of the Y. M.
When the Y. M. C. A. sent.througli
Mr. Rhodes, a phonograph full of
genuine American music to our Cha
teau the hearts of the boys wavered
and they are "for.the Y. M. C. A.''
We have our own ".Joy Room" which
re-echoes not only with the Jazz nri
slc of the orchestra but the songs
of the VIctrola. y
The blind pockets existing at first
In the Y. M. C. A. are apparently re.
Placed by lights of enthus'arm and
results. The old theory of "no def
inite scale of prices" Is replaced by
a printed sheet of costs which varies
only with relation to local commodi
ties secured through French bayeM.
While prices are naturally high yet
the Y. M. C. A. Is meeting the com
petition of the French merchants
ounce for ounce.
IUnI Triangle Popular.
With the Increase in shipping ef
ficiency the efficiency of the Y. M.
C. A. has forged ahead. The. dark
hours of beginning, when through a
mlschoice of men due to lack of ma
terial to draw from, the operatioa
of the canteens was placed in -the
hands of inexperienced men, hav0
been forgotten and the Y. M. C. A
13 "here to stay." The men have
Been gradually won over and the sys
tem Is striving harder than ever to
uphold Its tri-fold Ideal.
The Red triangle huts at the front
are doing their "bit" with a ven
geance. Some are in small huts bar
ricaded with sand bags and others
are In mansions, like the one tn
Parts where the rugs are night as
sort as velvet and feel like waves o(
the old Pacific when -it come to
When 1 get my furlough, if txitl v
a thing should occur, I am going to
try and get the quartet from F com
pany and our orchestra and make a
trip around to the camps to instill a
few lines of modern rag time into
the iron tipped soles of army shoes.
F company quartet is getting lined
up for some good concerts now.
We'll glve you a program, that wili
be a "lip snoter" when we get back
"Apres la guerre est finl' as the
boys say. ;
Wrote a leter home to auxiliary la
Portland yesterday. Will send one
to them each week Just -to keep the
mothers and fathers in touch with
the. company. You do your nest to
let anyone from Salem who has any
scrapping sons over here know what
news I send for I 'know that every
ray. of news is of benefit.
Do you best to help-the "Y" In
its campaigns for I believe that'Its-J
new organization will bring a great"
success to. it. '
Home Paper Come. ?
Howard Salisbury's brother was
down from the front recently and
gave some glowing tributes -to the
work of the Y" there. Said that
even though the Boches kept the
bombs coming their direction the
boys slipped in and got their cup of
steaming hot coffee and their pro
rata of buns Just the same. That's
the stuff the boys want and Its what
they are getting. When I go over the
top if a know that I've got a good .
"Y" scout behind me to help pick
up the pieces after,, the fray and boost
me back into fighting trim again I'll
hit the lines Just that much harder.
Go some papers from ome today.
The one with the list of names In
scribed on the First Methodist
church tablet arrived. Saw myself
up among the colonels and lieuten
ants. Peel quite puffed up and ex
pect that I'll have to get a new "fore
and aft" cap to meet th swelling
proturbanes. You can bet your bot
tom dollar that I'm coming home
to get a -look at the said memorial
and I'll bting along a Boche button
or two to help decorate it.
We'll need all the help we can get
pretty soon so keep the "Home Fire's
Burning" and the boys will never
forget it. . , -
RIOTS BREAK OUT
AT KANSAS CITY
National - Guardsmen Pet
Down Disorder Due to
KANSAS CITY, Mo., March 29. .
Riots that for a time threatened to 5
assume grave proportions broke out
when efforts were made late today to
resume street car service, paralyzed
since yesterday afternoon by the gen
eral strike In progress here '
National guard troops and police
finally put down the disorders but
not until after many of the rioters
had; received severe injuries at the
hands of the police. Numerous ar
rests were made.
Street tailway company officials to
night withdrew all cars started,
about 25, and' announced attempts
would be made tomorrow to furnish
normal service, with the cars guard
ed by troops instead of police as was
the case today. Use of the troops,
members of the Seventh regiment
Missouri national guard (home
guards) had been promised, it was
said by Geneval Harvey C. Clark,
adjutant general of Missouri, who
came here yesterday at the direction
of Governor K. B. Gardner to take '
charge of the situation. The most
serious trouble occurred when a . v
crowd estimated at 1500 persons t- J"
tacked a car, virtually wrecking VCT "
The police guards fired a number
of shot3. none of which, as far as was
known tonight, took effect. P011
reserves were unable to cope wiq).;
the situation and a squad of fifty
guardsmen reinforced by an armored
motor car was rushed to the scene.
The presence of the troops seemed
suffIcient,for the crowd soon dis
persed. DRAFT LAW EXTENDED
(Continued from Tage 1)
Senator, Sterlrng contended there
are three or four months In each
year when men are not engaged ta
work on the farms when they could
as well be engaged in military
AX -EVE TO'TRAPH
He had been fishing! ratiently fof
several hours without a bite when
a small urchin strolled up.
"Any luck, mister?" he called out
"Run away, boy," growled the an
gler in gruff tones.
"No offense, sir," said the boy,
as he walked away,' "only 'I Just
wanted to say that my father keeps a
fish-shop down to-the right, sir."
The corporation of a , Yorkshire
town makes $250.00 0a year out of
the grease extracted from the. waste
of the wool factories. .