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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 27, 1918)
TIIE OREGON STATESMAN: WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, 191S
AMERICA IS IN
TO WIN AGAINST
Government Yards When in
Full Swing to Break
LOST ART" IS REVIVED
Shipbuilding Work of Eight
Months Recounted by Chair
' man Hurley
'Continued from page 1)
yards near Philadelphia, when In fall
eperatloiu, will be able to- produce,
Mr. Hurley , said, more ships in a
year than -all the yards of Englanl,
heretofore -1he greatest shipbuilding
country In the world.
The high point In the curve of
production has been delayed. Mr.
Hnrlev pointed not. br a number of
MniM nOifTtallv flAA ttiA Ka'nv
-OTercom.' he declared, and before
wanr months the )eak will have
been reached. - ,n,
TTiIms w get . otit men fo the
hoto fr?nt. ve "rlfl no- win the war.
nnd therefor. It 'l comes bnck to
?r"." "rfd Mr. Hirley.
TTpnn the hfnpfnr board hs de
Totved the resnotislbnity of supply
ing this need and npp!r1ng It inder
the mont extraordinary conditions
that ever, etl'ted at a- tlme when
every other Indntry I helnr taxed
to Up ntmt capacity to provide war
"The handicaps hve been many.
. .We were not a maritime nation
- with the exception of a few w!dely
FattAred rrd merchant marn
construction Tind sTTnot Jerome a
lot art with n. Then cae th!?
sudden call jt a moment when the
iry was . undegofner the grefltes?
expansion In Its history, when most.
ff noti all. of the established yards
wre feyerlhlv engaged In rush con
struction on dresdnonrhts. destroy
ers, submarines, fuel ships, tender
and other anTluary craft and wnen
munition . makers were aborbing
that part of skilled labor which had
not been called to rovernrnent riyy
yard cr private sM-t5"fTdTng 'plants.
So It vais a casT of not only forking
from the groin d v.r. bitif firt s?-
enrln the Vronpd npon whleH to
tr?ske a !tart. ww of It maTh lan I
which had to , be ..filled In before
lnchln? ways eonld b '1"Id.
donbt If the. rnggnUnde of the ta&k
Is generally sppreelated.
Bte Jnh T Undertaken.
"There were thirty-seven ship
yards in America at the time of our
entrance Into the yrr. We hare lo
cated efrVv-one additional steel and
wood yards while eighteen other
yards have been expanded. ' We are
building In the new and expanded
steel yards 235 new steel ship way,
or twenty-six more than at present
exist in all the shp yards of Eng
lapd. i If we had been content wlta
doing the job; In a small way; we
might have bnilt sTfew yards ad 1
added a little to oor eanactty. A- few
ships might have been finished more
quickly; but It-was the spirit an
mril of America to do the lob In a
blr way and the jndgment of th
country will be vindicated by the re
sults when these new ways are tam
ing oat ships. Many of these wavs
have actually been finished. Tho
pew Industry we ; have created will
make America the greatest maritime
nation, in history.
. . Flrfit "Months Work Effertlre
"It took Germany forty years to
bnlld up her mighty, military ma
chine. Tn less than eight months
we have built up i shipbuilding ma
chine, which whenrlt gets into inn
swing, will defeat the military ma
chine of Germany. '
"Tt took Henry Ford, with all his
renins for organization, and stand
ardlzatibn. sixteen years In which to
develop his famouf production. It
has reqnlred : twenty years for the
United States Steel corporation to
develop its activities to the poin
where they represent an organiza
tion one-half as large as has been
undertaken by the emergency fleet
"It has been an uphill struggle,
T am willing to confess There have
been times when we have been dis
eouraged not at. the magnitude of
the" task, but through a doubt of
human ability to accomplish the stu
pendons work in the short time al
. "There are two methods for com
puting the construction of tonnage
to show what is occompllshed. One
J showing the tonnage in the
tenter; te other is by vhowlng the
tonnare tinder .construction. Hut
when a rrMt . many ships are put
ijiKder'rontrnrtlon at the same time,
fh question that shonld be asked Is,
Aew are they all progressing: how
r?eir to completion is the vast "pro
gram. Here is the answer!
Qoetkm 1 Answered.
"The total amount of our steel
construction T.rogram on March 1
"was 8.205.708 dead weight tons.
Th is made tip of 5,160.300 dead
weight tons under contract with the
wTnrr fleet corporation and 3.
04.,4Oa dead weight tons of requi
"Of this total steel contrnctlon.
2.121.5(58 dead weight "tons have
ben completed. That means that
In addition to the building of our big
new yards, we have also been build
ing shins. That Is, the program for
steel ships has advanced 28 per cent
toward completion. Of the amount
of steel shins under contract and
under requisition 655,456 dead
.weight tons, or approximately 8 per
cen. were actually completed and
in service on March 1. This amount
.of floating tonnage exceeds our totaj
output la 1916, including eteel.
w ooden and (sailing: vessels, by ap
proximately 50 per cent
Ton nail f tccrH-d Big.
, ?Notwithstandiag tha difficulties
of organization, the handicaps of bad
weather, transportation embargoes
and railroad . congestion, nearly as
much tonnage has been constructed
in American yards in three months
a an th nthpf niaHtim nations
of the world combined. '
I have referred to the necessity
-f nrovldlng additional facilities for
ih "building of siips. At the outset
ih o -
.ran increasing their capacity until
they now have 195 ways as against
162 eight months ago
proportion. We then made provi-
sion for additional steel yards, some
of which hare been given financial
assistance. Thirty additional new
either wholly or partly engaged in
Hept-corporation work. These yafrds
will have a total of 39S steel build
ing wavs. Of these, thirty-five yards
with 258 ways; are on the Atlantic
fnd Gulf coast. Nineteen yards
with sixty-six ways are on the Pa
while thirteen yards with seventy-four
ways are on the Great
MIt. Art" IleTiTed
"Our program for building wood
en ships has been beset with many
difficulties 'and handicaps which
could not well be foreseen. A year
ago. wooden shipbuilding in the V.
g wftS aimoRt a lost art. We found
' . . . . . ...
Z4: oin wooaen snipvarns wiin
shinwavs.l The capacity for wooden
shipbuilding has been Increased un
til i we now have 81 wooden ship
building- yards with 332 ways com
pletM or rearing completion.
A!unIre' that these wavo will
eeh prodno two standard shipa
year, we should tnrri out about 2
300.000 deadweight tons of wooden
shipplne annually. These 332 wood
en! FWpbuildine ways, now nearintr
completion, added to our 398 steel
building waya, will give us a total of
730 berth upon which to build steel
and wooden vessels, an increase of
496 wooden and steel berths.
"With our total of 730 wavs. we
will have 521 more berths than Sir
Erie Gdde in his recent speech
stated England ha at present.
- i Timber Sftnstlon Improving.
f'Our program' on wooden ships
was delayed by the fact that we were
unable to prpvlde the necessary big
timber in sufficient auantities from
the forests east of the Mississippi.
This situation, which has been a ser
ious handicap, I am happy to say,- is
: fThe situation giving, us the most
concern is the completion of turbines
and engines. The very rapid evpan
sfoni of th sfcfpbnfldlns' p-o?rr?"i
eatipht'th'e turWn and enclne msn
uff eturrs- totally pnprenared.
: The propnysl to build ships of con
crete was t first regarderl as a fluctuating-
sburdity. On March 14
there w"a launched fom .tbe .yardi
of the San Francisco company th
first concrete ship.- a vessel which
the builders christened Palth. We
hope she will exemplify the name.
I ! Iahor Conscription OppoeL
' Now:.s to labor; our strong rlrht.
arm. There has been much talk of
eonweriottng labor, of forcing it 'nfo
shipbuilding, as our soldiers have
been brought into the camps. I am
fully aware that I am flying in the
face of a growing popular sentiment
that men should be drafted into the
industry which support the battle
1 pines, but I wish to put myself on
record as being opposed to the con
scription of labor. I do not believe
conscription necessary, for I believe
labor itself will produce conditions
which will render idle all thought of
conscripting workmen. It would be
useless to manufacture material and
supplies and pile up the products on
the wharves if there are not ships, to
transport them. So unless our ship
workers do their best, other indus
tries must slow down or halt com
pletely with the result that thousands
of workers will suffer for lack of
j "I believe that labor has begun to
realize that fact but I want to drive
it home to lhem; for there are some,
I regret to say, who do not yet sense
their responsibility. There are many
who are not working to their full
capacity., There are many who, be
cause of thp high wages they are
earning are prone to take too many
holidays. 'Labor generally through
out our shipyards is today receiving
the highest wages ever paid for sim
ilar work. The additional cost of
our ihipfl, due to Increased wages in
shipyards will be In excess of $300.
000.000. We expect, and we have a
right to expect, the country has a
right to expect that labor will render
for thia increase of wages a corre
sponding increase in output of ships,
i leaders Are I'atritJtic. ,
f "Al has not gone smoothly in the
labor situation and there have been
times when this phase of the prob
lem was enough to cause discourage
ments. The vast majority of labor
Ingmen are patriotic; the leaders.
whom I have known through close
contact In Washington, especially
Mr. Gompers and his immediate as
sociates, have my confidence and the
country recognizes their patriotism
With only one' exception, the lenders
of the shipyards crafts generally have
shown a spirit of cooperation, ready
to sink their personal differences in
the common pool of patriotism.
Mnxlmiim Effort Vrged.
We ,have established a labor ad
justment board whose complete fair
ness cannot be questioned. The scale
of wages awarded by this board has
been most liberal. We have not
blamed labor for the reduced average
output in various yards. ' There are
some labor restrictions which we
would like to have removed restric
tions against output. We would like
to see the whole body of labor put
forth Its maximum effort, encourag
ing each Individual workman to do
his best, without any fear of estab
lishing new. averages standards when
they increase the output.
t "In 191 there were less - than
15,000 men employed in all the ship
yards of the country and -on March
Z. 1918. we had increased this num
ber to 236.000 of Whom 170.589
were working on actual ship con
struction and the remainder on yard
construction and other . branches of
sieei sninyaras are inus i.eing errci- f th Submarine Boat corporation Jlu,luu,";tI1 '"JUU,V -v'" :.
ed with a total of 203 shipbuilding j a Kewark Bav i5 keels have been mwer to the complaint and d 8
ways. Thus we now have in the as- ! ,ai(1 and 13 m"ore wn te put j0 wa j nnssing the suit. The plairf'ffs.
rreeate sixty-seven steel shipyards j- ' th(, ,.! in R. C. Uansnn and K. M. Robinson.
the industr.v. Thousands of others
are taking out timbers for our wood
en construction and at the scores
of inland sUel plants which, are fab
ricating parta for steel vet,e!s.
iUce With .. U-Kuat 1m Task,
desire to make a brief refer-
ence to what have been popularly; -
failed our thre fabricating shipyards.
Th4 ho called fabricated ship is al -
rast ,a ne? meithodB of hiP 5on:
structlon. almost as i new ro England .
j as it is to us. But from the progress !
f ".wf far- ,we ar confi:.
'dent that it will be the means of j
adaing munons or wdiio our mer
f"ttJ" A". "
ing plants with their 50 ways at Hog
Island 28 at Newark Bay and 12
f "ro 3uc? Ja ? slnriL rear ' ed : bir the ,nreme court yesterday
l; t htn Vti L riln an opinion by Justice Burnett,
TV ',? .Vi Appeal in the case was from a de-
j Qf tmv Already at the yards
completed. By the: time the last Is
finished the veswl on the first way
will be well on towurds completion;
and as soon as it has slipped into
the water another keel. will be laid
in its place.
"I have outlined the entire situ-
ation in utmost frankness, conceal
ing not nine, for we have nothing to
conceal. Shipping is the essence of
the struggle In which the world is
now engaged, the central beam of
the whole war structure. If that
fail?, all else fails. We are engaged
in a race with the submarine. The
whole government In Washington is
alive to it and there Is complete co
operation to bring success in this
greatest task to which wo have set
HUNS CLAIMS THREE
(fontrnneor from page 1)
"There Is nothing to report from
the rest of the front.
"Eastern front. March 25 Artil
lrr actions occurred in the region of
letrlnik. Dohropolje and west of
Montir. French aviators success
fully bombarded enemy encampment
in the Serroenli valley, northwest of
Gievgheli" . -
German Follnw t'p 1 rot";
w I l ri i n r 13 n i i inn j n m i i r j
FRANCE. March 26
l by i ne as -
soclated Press) The Germans to
day followed up their progress of
yterday at Nesle on the southern
battle front by launching a terrific
assault aeainst the British along a
line running, roughly, between Hat
tneoiirt and the region of Rove. The
British, ; co-operating with their
French allies, were meeting the on
rlanpht dofrd1v pud gallantly, an
a "ar.'i'insrr strueTe ra In pro
prrcm thi afternoon.
Farther north. te opppty also dv
veloned a freh offensive movement
to th oiith of Suranne. wh'ch lie f
a little northeast of Bray sur-Somme
Rut the Germans were pushing with
less strength here than in the south
ern theater, possibly for strategical
These two sectors Were the scene
of most important operations today.
although fighting was in progress
along the whole great battle front
fn the northern sector, about chlet-
le-urana. iogeasi wooa ana norm
ward, where such desperate fighting
was waged yesterday, the Germans
had not renewed their attacks n
strength at a late hour this fore
Allle In Itetter Position.
The allies today were probably in
better condition to contest the Ger
man advance than they had been
since the beginning of the offensive.
The capture of Nesle yesterday by
the vnemy was achieved after heavy
fighting over a considerable front.
The Germans advanced In strength
both north and south of the town and
by pressing the defending lines back
fn these places formed a salient from
which the allies were forced to with
draw, leaving Nesle in the hands of
British Ttepel lnnish!nj Foe.
Heavy fighting today In this sec
tion was forecastby the appearance
of new masses of troops, which the
Germans brought up, ready for an
other push. The fighting on Sunday
and Monday in the neighborhood, of
Ervillers was most bitteh Through
out Sunday night and 4 he early hours
Monday the Germans kept pressing
against the stubbornly contesting
British, who fought with such desper
ation against overwhelming odds,
that they repelled the onrnshing in
fantry. After a breathing spell in
the early morning the Germans again
made a heavy assault between ErviL
lers and Gomlecourt and were caueht
In the British artillery barrage and
crushed. Al little later the enemy
advanced once more and stormed the
position with such ferocity that it
was foreseen Ervillers must go. Fresh
British troops were sent up and car-1
ried out an immediate counter-at-
n, immediate counter
tack, relieving the situation.
Orderly -Withdrawal Made.
The enemy, finding the road bar
red through this place, began ham
mertne hard below Gomlecourt, in
the region of Sapignies. The British
line south of this place had already
swung back to the west and finally
It became aooarf at that it would be
policy to withdraw from Krvlllers.
OoTnieconrt end ---SapigWes and
straighten out the front. This was
done during the nighi. the withdraw
al being effected in good order.
Kaiser at St. Quentin.
Copenhagen. March 2. The cor
respondent of the Berlin Vorwaerts
et the French front, reports that the
German emperor with his staff now is
at St. Quentin.
(The German losses, he" adds,
though great, have, not : been so
heavy as feared. A great number
of tanks were used In the battle, and,
he says, the advance has been made
because of excellent leadership and
keen preparation. ;
from his keeper, deliveratelv joined
the dinner quests in a fashionable
New York hotel, so we fuess It will
be Impossible to ever teach ehampan
xees the value of money. Grand
Rapids Press.. .
. Another Corporation Has Wo
; . ...
Use to Make Piratical
Use of Name
The sustaining of a demurrer in
- j t?, pf th Mo. Hari.r college
of Portland asainst Mohier Liarber
g the question of reg-
tstration of firm names, was revers-
cree entered in the circuit court for
doing business a th Mnler Barber
college, brought suit to enjoin the
defendants, the Mohier Barber
school, from conducting a similar
business under its corporate name
in alleged unfair competition with
the plaintiffs, and to enjoin the de-
fendants from piratically using the
name. The plaintiffs appealed on
the grounds that the decrees
was contrary to
For ten years the plaintiffs have
been teaching barbering In Portland, i
and Moler Barber colleges have been '
established in mnay cities. of the
United States and Canada inthe last j
twenty-three years. The plaintiffs
bought their trade name from A. B.
Moler. The complaint alleged that
the organizers of the defendant cor
poration are operators of the Oregon
Barber College, and Shop company 'of
Portland, and that prlo? to 1916
they., were In a distant part of the
city, and that in 1916 they establish
ed the Mohier Barber school and es-
from the Moler Barber college. The
Plaintiffs asked that the rWendant
on SSdVlhaH habee'n seS
SJriSl.i ' WieSSllS
nunciation to -Moler." and defend -
ants admitted at the hearing on de-
was assumed and that no person of
that name ia connected with the Iri-
stitutionK.: I'pon Judge Gantenbeln's
i, . j
it-iiuauis, uie piainiiitn rtfiust-u iu
plead further and a decree was en
tered dismissing the case. Appeal
was taken from the decree. The
plaintiffs do trot claim that the namejto Tne statesman.) John R. Sibley
"Moler Barh College or "Moler" is ! manager of the -BrownSibley Alh
trademarked under the federal law. 8tract company and an attorney of
but do claim it is registered under t this city, yesterday filed hi petition
chapter 154. Oregon laws of 1913. with the county clerk forF the office
DRUM TALKS ON
Savings Stamps and Liberty
Bonds Are Nat in Con
flict, He Says
u a meui auur-Bs n can x ran -
Cisco by John II. Drum, state direct-j
or of war "savings for California.
made before, theliberty loan confer-
ence, the two'tlasses of investments,
war stamps and liberty bojids. are
shown not to be in conflict? Cashier
Joseph Albert of the Capital National
bank yesterday called attention to
one or two paragraphs from Mr.
"The very nature of the situation
precludes any idea of competition
between libert loan committees and
war savings committees. At the
same time it is advisable to analyze
carefully the relationship between
the two campaigns, which I shall at
tempt to do under the headings of
(a) objects, (b) methods, and )c)
"Of course the primary object of
the liberty loan campaign is to ob
tain vast, credits needed by the gov
ernment for the prosecution of the
war. Credits inthe amounts neces
sary can r only be obtained through
very large subscriptions to govern
ment loans by the great financial,
commercial and industrial interests
of the country, acting together, and
utilizing Aie resources of" the fed
eral reserve banking system.
"The primary object or the war
savings plan, on the other hand, is
not to obtain credits for the goveifi
nient, but to stimulate patriotism by
making it possible fpr every one to
have a direct financial interest in
the outcome of the war.
"Finally, there is the practical
object or raising $2,000,000,000 for
war purposes, not one cent of which
contributes to an increase in the tre-
;h1 ,7 , '
I1? ""A1'0" ?f credit loan.
mandnna 1 4 I nn .l.Ut. . a
ui.-iiiigmuru iroiu a siriciiy
"The method of liberty loan cam
paign i a spectacular drive; the
method of the waj; savings campaign
is a broad edurtaional movement.
involving minute organization reach- j
ing Into every home, however ooor.
The liberty loan is directed especially
to amounts subscribed: the crfort of
the war savings campaign is directed
especially to numbers of subscribers.
"The overshadowing result of the
liberty loan campaign i the imme
diate creation of ample credits with
which to carry on the war. This
result bring with it. however, the
Inevitable inflation of credits, which
reacts upon our whole economic life,
and contributes largely to increased
nrices. Inflation Is a necessary evil;
the effort of the treasury depart
ment is to reduce it to the minimum.
"Hence the campaign to obtain
small subscriptions ta from exist
ing weal such as money on deposit
in saving) banks; (b) on installment
"It cannot be overlooked that
thousands of subscribers to liberty
loan bonds do not retain the bonds
they have purchased, but 'frendf
them exactly as currency. It is ob
vious, that except for reasons of ne
cesisty these bonds must be ab
sorbed. Moreover, it Is plain that the
A GREAT STORY OF RACIAL IKSTJNCT ,
GORGEOUSLY STAGED IN BEAUTIFUL HAWAII
ANOTHER LINCOLN STORY
IN HIS NATrVE STATE
BESSIE BARRISCALE IN MADAM WHO ?
. - .. tC'.'' ... ... ...
subscriber whose bond does not stay
put.' is doing absolutely nothing to
i":r,"T. . .
far savings campaign la
! Uitor Vuccesstve
J loant drives. If we can In
1 5? "P0" the People the vital ne-
i .."V. 1U? "Ber ,
future liberty loans, and without In
John R. Sibley Wants to
Be Justice of the Peace
DALL.S. Or. March 26.. rSnoofal
I of justice of the peace. The present
but whether he will be a candidate
for re-election is pot known at this
time. Mr. Holraan who is nearly 80
years of llge has held the office for
a number of years and his person is
one or me iamuar rigures about the
Western Oregon Girls to
Meet in Dallas Next Week
AT.T.AS! Or March 9R rCnlt
I ' . - "
; to The Statesman.) The, annual
Older Girls' conference for -western
Oregon will be held In this city next
"VrTt Zl kiJ'1 special
I patriotic program has been nrcnarftt
for the occasion and delegates to the
number of about one! hundred are
expected to be in attendance.
Plans are now being formulated
for their entertainment while in the
city. The convention will probably
take place in one of the local
For Infants and Children,,
In Use For Over 3 O Years
. ON HIS APPEAL
Supreme Court Decision
Made in Favor of Acci
The case of O. Knneberg vs
Industrial Accident commission waa
reversed yesterday in an opinion by
Justice Harris of the supreme court.
The court holds the right to appeal
was lost unless taken within the time
prescribed by statute andtthe plaln
tirr in this case failed to take the
appeal In the proper time.
Knneberg was Injured March 15
while emplayed in Columbia county.
Both plaintiff and his employer
were under the nrovidon r ih
compensation act. Jn April Enne
btrg underwent a surgical operation
and in June filed with the commis
sion a claim for compensation, al
leging disability as a result of the
accident. His physician was not of
the opinion that his condition was
caused by the accident, but the com
mission made awards each month
for seven months for temporary to
tal disability. At the end of that
time knneberg, at the request of
the commission .signed a final set
More than a year later Enneberg'a
attnrnev demanded for him compen
sation from the date or the last pay
ment to continue indefinitely, but
the commission advised blm that his
right to appoal had expired. More
than a yearf after receiving notice
of the commission's final award Kn
neberg filed notice of appeal to tho
circuit court ef Columbia county and
the commission filed a motion to dU
miss. The commissions motion was
denied .the rase went to a Jury trial
and judgment was entered for the
plaintiff. The commission appealed.
Other decisions were:
P. ..Elmore, administrator of
IN .,' ,
4he estate of II. B. Moyer et al, vs.
Stephens-Russell Co., .appellant, on
feppeal from Linn county: suit to
fpmpel specific performance of con
tract to purchase land: opinion by
Justice Benson, Circuit Judge. Gal
1 McCarger, Bates & Lively vs. Illi
nois Surety company, appellant; ap
peal from Multnomah; appeal dis
missed for want of jurisdiction; opia
ion by Justice Bean.
James West,' appellant, vs. School
District 62, Clackamas county; ap
peal from Clackamas; suit to collect
salary after contract to teach was
revoked; opinion by Justice McCani
ant. Circuit Judge Campbell affirm
ed. Elliott Contract company vs. City
of Portland, appellant; appealed
from Multnomah; Snit to collect on
contract for paving Hillside parkway
cpinion by Justice Burnett, Circuit
Delegates From Willamette
Valley Lodges Here Next
DALLAS. . Or.. March 26. (Spe
cial to The Statesman.) Plans are
being made by District Deputy Grand
Chancellor U. S. Finseth of this city
for holding a big meeting of the
Knfghta of Pythias lodges of the
Willamette valley at Salem next
Tuesday night. A special train will
be run from Dallas and Independ
ence to attend the convention and
nearly 100 members'of the lodges in
the two ictles have signified their in
tention of attending. Large delega
tions 'are elso expected from Hub
bard, Wood burn and other cit'li .In
Malrbn county. Grand Chancellor
Leslie Crouch and Gragd Keeper of
Records and Seal Walter G. Gleason
of Portland will attend the meeting,
as will also- several other grand of
ficers. Mr. Finseth will go to Salem
some time this week to make final
arrangements with the Salem lodga
for the entertainment of the mem
bers of the order while In the city.
Status of Schooner to
Be Reached by CoarOautnorzed to d,ctate tbe w11 f
A PACIFIC PORT. March 26.
Inrnrrnnllnn foDa(.Aj a .
, .......... ..vi, ii ci k; tuuay iei
. federal officers to believe that the
Mutuary ecnooner Alexander Agas
siz .which was seized with German
aboard off Mazatlan several days ago
will reach this port tomorrow after
noon. They announced that ono ,f
J the 'persons aboard is Miss Maude
m. joenrane, who, with Francis, C.
Wheeler and William Taylor, have
been announced as the purchasers
of the Agassiz from the University
of California a year ago. .
The status and ownership of the
Agassiz will be determined by a prize
court, the first held on the Pacific
coat since the outbreak of the war.
A deputy collector of customs has
been authorized to assume super
fcro Wi T wX TU ZStto cooperate with the council of to
vessel. The prisoners aboard the al
-. ' .--v-.-w- ' J it III'. 1 U VI J fa 1
Jeged German raider wilt le turne)l
over to the department of justice.
Karl Muck Isolated in
Jail to Be Questioned
BOSTON, Mass., March 26. Dr.
Karl Muck, conductor of the Boston
Symrhony Orchestra, who was taken
into custody last night as an enemy
anen. was lodged tonight in a cell in
the East Cambridge Jail affer he had
been questioned at length by officials
of the department of justice. It was
announced that no decision as to the
final disposition of the case was
reached and that Dr. Muck would be
examined again within a few days.
The officials continued to main
tain silence as to specific reasons for
As.-Vtant District .Attorney Jnddt
uewey gave orders that Dr. Muck
was to see no one but an exception
was made in the case 'or Charles A.
Ellis, manager of the orchestra, an I
Mrs. Muck. '
Dr. Muck, claims to be a citizen of
' v z.
- v s.- ,
Switzerland, although of Gt-ru.
birth." He did not resist'? as t
Federal agents said that the r
eminent had. ruled that anyone l
lug In, this country Who was born -Germany-and
who had not beccr
a citizen of the United States y
an enemy alien. The fact that I
Muck's father moved to Switzerk:
when his son was eight years old i
not affect the status of the son, t
said. ; - i -
After the examination of the r
siclan waa completed, federal age:
said that he had been informed tlv
he would remain In custody "ini"
Missionary Ordered Held
on Charge of SedlC.
" . " f
.HOQUIAM, W'ashV March 26.
Dr. J. E. Carstlen of Portland, t ,
sionary of the American Baptist c
ventions for Washington and C'
gon, today was fordered by U. ;
Commissioner. McKay held fort:
federal grand Jury on charges
seditious utterances and violation c
the espionage act in an alleged t
tempt to Interfere with the worl':
of the selective service act. Dr
Carstlen, who was arrested sever
days ago by federal officials, was v
able to furnish the $10,000 b
Hxed by Commissioner McKay a:
was taken to the Pierce county ji
TO AID m.
Commissioner of Railrcadj
Made Dictator of Trans
portation MOSCOW.. March 26. (Iiy Ti
Associated Press.) The council of
commissioners has Issued a deer1
making the commissioner of ra S
roads absolute ditatur of tranpor4
tlon. The council has aske.d the I'n t-
ed States for the servicojl of Jpbn K '.
M evens, who was head of the Amrn
ran railroad mission td llussia
aid In the reorganization. i
The new dictator will be rcp
ftl f. In ntili. IT. -.. i I, fr"
transportation, i regardless of U
plans of the local Soviets)
This Is a concentration of pow
over transportation far greater th
any official has-been entrusted
Ince the first revolution.
In addition tobe!ng authorized t
employ troops to enforce.his order
the dictator may have all per?"'
who hinder operations tried by .nil!
In Justification of such 8trinfr"
action the decree says that extras
dinary necessity exists for tbe er.
Ing of further disorganization ;wb;
would be especially serious at t
critlcial time when military or
are moving and famine Is threat '
ed. .-' , .' -
All. local and district soviet '
ganizatlons are urged in the
ntlssioners in every way and
warned that local plans for th i'
provement of 1 trtsnsportat:
although commendable, may hair. '
Jlhe whole national plan and. nv
make way before the rail comn
sioner's plans, which are designed'
.improve the entire railway sys'"
! No successor has been appoir'
yet for Railway Commissioner E
orerr. who recently resigned.
TWO OF A KIND.
Representative Meyer London t
at a Socialist meeting in New T''
MWe all ought to do our bit.
let us try tp do our own bit in?-'- (
of meddling Into other people'i
fairs to see that they do their.
"I was amused at a reception t
other day. An elderly, gaunt J-"
approached a young man and t-
reproachfully to him
"Why aren't you In Khaki?" .
young man blushei. Then
drew himself up and answered:
" 'For the same reason that you
not in" tho beauty chorus, ria'an
physlcally unfit." W-Jhm
Get. Wise-Try a .ClasszIJH