The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, March 27, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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Rain: moderate w nth westerly
MXTV-M-JV K.TH Vl-Llll 0. I :s
Government Yards When in
Full Operation to Produce
More Ships in Year Than
All Yards of England
Shipbuilding Work of Eight
Months Recounted by
Chairman Hurley
NEW YORK. March 2j5. Ameri
ca's effort to meet Herman submar
ine warfare whose full menace has
just been revealed in 'British admir
alty figures on sinkh-rgs of ships was
outlined here tonight by Chairman
'Hurley of the shipping board in a
frank statement before the National
Marine League. '
Mr. Hurtey disclosed that despits
delays, the country soon will have
730 steel and wooden ways firming
out, ships and Uiat .the'; govern nient'j
mammoth steel ship building pro
gram of eight million tons on March
1 wu 2S per rent on its way to com
pletion. This does not mean that
28 .per, cent was In the water, bi't
tbat construction as a whole hail ad
vanced that far. Eight per cent of
the vessels actually have been yi
Jnto sen ice, Mr. Hurley Raid.
English Record to 4.'o. ,
The three government fabricating
(Continued on page C.V 8 (Continued on page 2)
The Brown Shoe Go's
has been the recogiiked standard for quality for the past thirty
years or more, in
i ' ' 'IV; - ; ' .... ; , ." j- r .j . ' '. ' V '
The Brown Shoe Co. is a wonderful organization of many spec
ialty .shoe factories owned ad operated by one management,
tut each factory equipped to produce one particular class of
ery i3 adapted for a certain class of -work and the workmen
are trained for that particular 'class of work. .That's whyevery
shoe bearing their trademark is the best of its kind.
Buster Brown Shoes for
are built of selected leather suitable for boys wear, and every
pair has best grade oak tanned leather soles, which means hon
est service. We carry them in a "variety of shapes in lace or
button to suit individual tastes. The boy who goes out of his
way to kick tin cans and brick-bats needs a pair of our sole
leather tip shoes. We have a shoe cut through the tip to show
how they're made. You should ask to see it.
Buster Brown Shoes for
have proven so satisfactory that mothers who wore ! them when
they were young now insist upon having them for their, daugh
ters7 Of coursf the styles and lasts have changedth ge
seasons, but the same high gradeleathers and worlcmanship
till make them the most popular shoes on the market for girls
from infant's sizes up to the young ladies' who prefer tb e com
fcrtable foot shaping lasts with moderate height heels, rather
than the regular ladies lines. The vamp f made from
with best oak tanned leather soles;
You will find that it is true economy to buy the best
ttandard footwear in these days of leather scarcity and lnienor.
' lubstitutes so freely used by many factories.
Our plan of business insures lowest possible prices.
Paris Firm in Belief That Ex
periences of Marne Will
Be Repeated
Enemy Will Be Stopped Is
Declaration; Situation
Held Satisfactory
WASH lTTGTOT. March 26.
France's confidence that the great
German offensive is .wasting Its
strength against the allied lines, is
voiced in an official dispatch, re
ceived here today from Paris. The
message quotes at length from to
day's Petit Journal to show that the
Germans, though- suffering tremen
dous losses in massed advances,
have failed to attain their objectives
and that the present situation Is sat
isfactory to the allies.
The disuatch says:
"The French nress continugs to
view with calm confidence the de
velopments of the gigantic battle
which has been going on for fivo
days. This confidence is based upon
all the experiences of this war. Each
time that the Germans have attempt
ed a movement against the troops In
the west the effort after a certain
amount of success always of a tem
porary character, has ended in being
broken .against the barrier of the al
lied armies.
) I la t tie of Mam Is Example.
''The great example before all
Lihons, Roye and Noyon Tak
en, Asserts Berlin; Old
Somme Battle Line Declar
ed Crossed in Places
Allies in Best Position to
Check Drive Since Of
fensive Began
BERLIN, via LONDON, Marcb 26.
The night report from general heaa
qnarters announces the capture of
Lilians, Koye and Noyon. and de
clares that the-German forces have
crossed the old Somme battle line at
many points. The text of the state
ment reads: ;
"In continuation of the great bat
tle in France, our troops yesterday
achieved fresh successes. English
divisions brought up from Flanders
and Italy, and French divisions
threw themselves against our troops
in desperate atacks. They were de
"The armies of Qeneral Von He
low and General V$h Dor Maritz
have finally maintained themselves
in Errillers after a hot and fluctuat
ing : battle and in their advance
against Acbiet-le-Gratid raptured the
villages of Bihueourt, Biefvillers and
Grevillers. They also have captured
Ireles . and Miraument and have
crossed the Ancre river.
MaJmwieite Height Stormed.
"Knglish troops, freshly brought
forward, "attacked violently on- a
wide front from the direction of Al
beit. The enemy was driven back
after a bitter struggle.
"We have crossed thex Bapaume
Albert road near Courcelette and
Lp.? leresrrthejpjuh. nt .mnnnft.,
rCeneral Vonlloficker has forced a
passage across the Somme and has
taken by storm the height of Mais
onnette, which was so hotly contest
ed In the Somme battle of 1916, as
well as the villages of Biaches and
Barleux. Strong enemy counter-attacks
wore themselves out before
our lines. ;
"The army of General Von Ilutter
after hard fighting drove the enemy
back near Marchelpot and Hatten
court across the Peronne-Koye rail
way. The tenaciously Etalon was
wrested from the French and Eng
lish." LONDON. March 26. The battle
continues on the whole front south
of the Some river. Field Marshal
Haig reports from the war zone In
France tonight. The Germans haire
also launched new attacks around
Chaulness. The rtatement says:
"North of the Somme local fight
ing has taken place at different
points. Much movement of hostile
troops and transports has been Ob
served In the battle area and these
have been engaged by our artillery
and airplanes.
Germans in Fresh Attack.
"South of Ihe Somme the hostile
attacks reported this morning have
been pressed vigorously with fresh
German divisions against Noyon and
"This afternoon new hostile at
tacks commenced In the neighbor
hood '-of Chaulness and between
Chaulness and the Somme, to the
north of it. The battle is continu
ing on the whole front south of the
Somme." ,
"In the last six days of constant
fightlner our troops on all parts of
the battle front have shown the ut
most ronraee. In addition to those
British division "which have already
been mentioned, exceptional gal
lantry was shown also by the follow
ing: The Eighth. Eighteenth. Thlr-tv-first.
Forty-first. Sixtv-first. Sixty
third and Sixty-sixth divisions."
Teutons Claim OC:t Guns.
The number of guns captured by
the Germans In the battle now in
progress has increased to 963. army
headquarters announced today. More
than 100 tanks were lying In capture
ed positions, it is added.
Biaches, Barleux and Etalon have
ben captured by the German forces.
Mrltish troops just brought for
ward attacked the German lines vio
lently 'from the direction of Albert
They were driyen back, the report
states, ..after a bitter struggle.
French Holding Hun.
PAniS. March 26. The French
co-operating with the British sooth of
St. Quentln have taken up strong
positions on the left bank of the
Oise. above JCoyon. where they are
holding the Germans? according to
the war office announcement tonight.
The text of the statement reeds:
"Our troops are holding solidly to
their positions on the left bank of the
Oise above Noyon. The fighting con
tinue with undiminished -violence
along the front comprising Braye-sur-Somme,
Chaulnes, Roye and
Noyon. ' - ,
(Continued on page 6.)
Shortage of Ships, Airplanes
and Artillery Seriously
"Situation Is Scandal to En
tire World' Says Sen
ator Poindexter
WASHINGTON, March 26. An
other storm of criticism of Amejycfa's
war efforts broke in the senate to
day. Democrats and Republicans,
concerned over the German drive
against France, and spurred by
statements of. Major General Jonard
Wood, before the military commit
tee .yesterday, on Inefficiencies of
American preparation, joined in de
ploring the shortage of ships, air
planes and artillery.
Senator Thomas of Colorado.
Democrat, opened the debate with an
attack -on the fuel administration,
which he asserted was curtailing
production. Senator Lodge of Mas
sachusetts, Republican, referred to
what he called a wasted year and
declared that the truth should be
told .the American people about the
war situation. After spending $840,
000.000 on the aviation program, he
declared "we have not a fighting
plane in France; General Pershing's
men are without American artillery
and only two American ships hare
been turned out by the shipping
"Pitlls Publicity" Advised.
Senator New of Indiana, Republic
an, said although the original avia
tion program called for delivery of
12.000 airplanes July 1, only 37 will
be delivered tinder present esti
mates. When he repeated General
Wood's statement that GermaT avi
ators fly at times over the American
trenches -In France, Senator Johnson
of California Interrupted to say:
-i!Thex4ainjtfcmin way to correct
this outrage on American youth and
that Is tHrough 'pitiless publicity.' "
Senator Hitchcock of Nebraska, a
Democrat, of the military committee,
said the aviation program Is at least
ninetv days behind, under new cur
tailed estimates. The number of
airplanes estimated for delivery July
t. "ridiculously small." he said. Is
about one-tenth of that originally
"Scandal," Says Senator.
This situation was characterized
by Senator Poindexter of Washing
ton. Republican, as "a scandal to
the entire world." He also criticised
the administration's attitude toward
Japan and military action In Russia,
but ws told by' Senator King of
Utah, Democrat, wljo recently con
ferred with President Wilson, that
when military exigency demands.
Japan will go into Siberia with ap
proval of the allies and this govern
ment, i
The entire discussion was deplor
ed hv Spnafnr Overman nf Vorth
W?arolina. Democrat, who in a sharp
tilt. with Senator Poindexter. said the
debate ws calculated to discourage
and dishearten the American people
and asked if partisan politics was In
volved. Roosevelt to Deliver
Address at Portland, Me.
OYSTER BAY, N. Y March 26.
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt will
leave tomorrow for Portland. Me.,
where he will deliver an address
Thursday night before the Republic
an organization of the state. The
physicians refused at first to give
their consent to his making the ad
dress, but finally ha decided to go
even against their advice.
Kansas Union Labor
Calls General Strike
KANSAS CITY. Mo.. March 27.
The second call, for a general strike
of all union labor In Kansas City,
effective at 8 a. m.. was issued early
this morning by the executive com
mittee of the central labor council.
The strike originally was et for
Monday, but was postponed forty
eight hours to permit further nego?
tiations to settle a strike of laundry
workers, to aid which the general
sympathetic strike was called.
41 Members of 1. W. W.
Still Confined in Jaill
P.UTTE. Mont., Mar? h 27. The
forty-one men carrying I. W, W.
membership cards arrested In a raid,
on FInlander hatl by the police of
ficials Monday night are still eon
fined In the city jail waiting develop
ments In the Investigation which has
been started. - It Is declared by th
authorities that the meeting was
called for the purpose of considering
a strike among the metal trade work
ers In the mines.
Five suitcases of literature taken
from the halt Is being examined and
will be turned over to the federal
Americans Return Two Doses
of Gas for Every One Re
ceived; Germans Abandon
Town of Richecourt
Aerial Activity Revives With
Better Weather -"Boche"
Snipers Active
IN FRANCE.. March 26. (By The
Associated. Press). The American
artillery continues to heavily shell
towns held by the Germans and Ger
man batteries opposite the Toul
sector with gas. The' Germans
themselves have reciprocated in kind,
but the doses of gas sent against
them by the Americans have been"
twice as large as they have received.
The town of Richecourt, north of
Xlvray, one of, the targets of the
Americans has been abandoned, so
far as Americans patrols which re
connoitered near the town were able
to determine. The American artil
lery also Is keeping up a stream of
other shells on enemy' positions in
this regions. St. Baussant, north
east of Richecourt, has been heavily
shelled with high explosives project
iles, while German first line trenches
repeatedly have been hit and levelled
any enemy dougout arfd snipers
posts completely silenced-rv
"Billy Boche' Pendstent Sniper.
Fritz" or "Billy Boche" as the
American doughboys are beginning
to call the Germans, is a persistent
sniper on this sector. As fast as the
Americans silence one nest, another
starts the annoyance and then the
job has to be done all over again.
This forenoon a group of Amerl
can snipers discovered an enemy nest
close by and promptly opened fre
on it. The Germans replied with
their guns and then fired about three
dozen or so grenade. Apparently,
the Germans had come to stay and
did not intend to be chased out
One of- the American 37-mllllmeter
guns then got into action against the
nest and owing to accurate fire no
more Germans were seen at this par
ticular point and there was no fur
ther, annoyance. A number of these
same little guns obtained direct hits
in enemy j communication trenches
while men; possibly officers, were
passing through them and also fired
effectively, as did snipers on part-
(Continued on Page 2.)
Declines to Run for Mayor,
But Appreciates Effort
of His Friends
Gideon Stolz will not be a: candi
date for mayor. To the seventy
seven Salem citizens who addressed
a petition to him urging him to be
come a candidate for nomination at
the primary election in May, Mr,
Stolz has issued a statement of ap-
preciation. but names several rea
onswhy he" does not care to accept.
One of them Is that he reels the city
government should be headed by a
younger man. Mr. Stolz's statement
"To A. N. Moores and Seventy-six
"I must admit that I greatly ap
preciate the kind and loyal endorse
ment you have given me In urging
my candidacy for motor. I have been
approached by many friends not rep
resented on your petition, yet had
hoped that the matter had been
dropped on my constant refusal to
"There are many reasons why I
should not accept this btfice, mainly
that I have already given my full
share, of service. Then it is written
In the Good Rook. In the late re
vised edition, II Samuel. 25:3, He
that has overcome and has lived
with one wife for fifty years shall
thereafter be exempt from servine
In any public -office whatsoever."
This should settle It.
"Then I take Issue with the Idea
that the city government should be
headed by an older head. America's
business moves today under the guid
ing band of the young men and wom
en of our great nation. Young men
handle our great railroad systems.
The same is trne in all lines, and
why not our municipal governments?
They have the greater endurance If
we should meet greater crises than
we now see ahead of us.
"What we need lsa more loyal
support of the men elected. No mn
can do his best nnlers he- Is appre
ciated and helped, so in declining to
allow my name to be used for Sa
lem's next mayor I wish to ac
knowledge with thanks my friends
kindly endorsement."
Cause of Explosions Which
Alarm Downtown Manhat
tan Is Mystery
DAMAGE IS $1,500,000
Frightened Women Fill City's
Streets No Loss of Life
NEW YORK, March 26. Fire
following a series of unexplained ex
plosions destroyed the 6-story build
ing of the Jarvis warehouse"; com
pany near the Erie railway terminal
in Jersey City late today and badly
damaged the Erie lepair shops. No
loss of life had been reported .to
night. The damage was estimated
by Jersey City police and fire offic
ials at close to $1,500,000.
The cause of the explositions has
not yet been determined, although
a rigid investigation was begun at
once by federal, slate and city au
thorities. " .
German Doraliartlment Feared.
The first of the terrific detona
tions which occurred shortly after
3 o'clock shook windows in down
town, Manhattan and caused consid
erable ilarm. Visions of another
Black Tom disaster , or a bombard
ment by the Germans were in many
Burning cinders were carried by the
wind, across the North river and fell
along the water front.
While the excitment waa at Its
height the Erie ferry house, a three
story structure on the New York
side of the river, was discovered to
be on , fire. A lighter , close . by,
loaded with several hundred bales of
cotton, also was blazing fiercely and
still further south the Hoboken fer
ry slip -of the Laca wanna railroad
was on fire.
These 4!res were easily extingulsh-
de by the New York firemen, many
of whom were ordered to Jersey City
to fight the bigger fire.
Employed In the Jar? Is storehouse
were between 40 and 50 men, but
tne prompt sounding of the alarm li
believed to have enable all to es
cape. Hundreds of store andVtenaments
windows, some of them a mile away,
were blown, out by the force of the
blasts. Several small fragile build
ings near the warehouse were wreck
ed. Frightened women and children
filled the streets in the congested
sections of Jersey City and Hoboken
near the scene of the explosion. Fire
apparatus was sent from Hoboken,
New York and other points. By des
perate efforts the firemen confined
the flames to an area covering about
two acres. ,
German Editors Freed
for Lack of Evidence
Upon, the ground that no evidence
had been presented to make out a
case. Judge Oliver Ti. Dickinson. In
the United States district court tor
day directed the Jury to render a
verdict of not guilty in the trial of
Louis Werner and Martin Darkow,
editors of the Philadelphia Tage
blatt. who were charged with treason
in the publication of certain artiles.
headlines and alleged news dis
patches in the German newspaper.
The court in directing the defend
ants to be acquitted of the treason
charge said that not only intent must
be shown in adhering to the enemy
but that an overt act must be proved
in giving aid and comfort to the
Nearly Two-Thirds of Whole
Army Has Been Thrown
Into Fray
LONDON, March 2J. Telegraph
ing late Tuesday, the correspondent
or the Daily Mall at British head
quarters in France says that nearly
two-thirds of the entire strategic re
serve of the German army now has
been thrown into the fierce and vig
orously continued attack.
"This German reserve," he add3,
"consisted' of eighty-five division,
totalling 1.2750,000 men out of a
total nnmber now reaching not far
rbort of 200 divisions, or possibly
3.000,000 men which they have npn
the western front. After the first
day thirty-three of these divisions
were put Into the battle. On th?
third day another twenty-one are
known to have taken part. Since
then they mnst have drawn upon the
reserve for a few more divisions.
'It Is therefore clear that we have
been struggling with the whole avail
able strength rf the German army
end the marvel Is that our soldiers
have held out so obstinately ani
steadily against odds so heavily
against them."
Vast Counter Measure to Turn
Tide of Battle Anticipated,
With Use of Many Re
serves ; British Front Hour
ly Grows Tighter
Attention Now Centers cn
French Front Where Great
Battle on Left Bank of Oise
River Seems Imminent
(Bii Tfce Associated Treat)
After six days of terrific fighting
the German offensive In France is
beginning to show signs of losing Its
momentum. The progress of the ene
my Has been materially slackened
tnd the form of the dent made In
the allied line west of Cambral has
begun to resemble ; the familiar
wedge-like salient. Instead of the
broad straight forward movement of
an offensive which carries all before
it. , ... -
At its apex this wedge has gon
beyond Albert, to the south of that
place, and is to the westward of tho
old line as it stood a year ago when
Von Hlndenburg began his ''strateg
ic retreat." From this point the lino
runs off to the northeast at a gentle
angle, with the line to the south run
ning back until It reaches the Oiso
Tentorw Turn Southward.
In spite of tremendous exertions
and terrible losses, the German ef
forts to widen the tip of this salient
were defeated on Tuesday. The Brit
ish lines have stood firm to the
north, and have forced the Germans
to tutn toward the point of least
resistance. .
Official statements issued at Lon
don confirm the report from Berlin
that American forces are engaged in
the struggle. They are reported tf
be fighting shoulder to shoulder"
with! the French and British in the
region of Roye, on tho south side
ef the salient driven into the allied'
front. ,
There has been no official Teport
sent to Washington as to the identity
of these troops who are taking part
in this greatest battle In history.
With the slackening of the Ger
man pace there are Indications that
the allies are, ready, to strike back
somewhere along the front. Just
where this blow will be launched
ill not be known; until it Is struck,
but It may be expected that 4t Im
pact will be terrific. It is known
that the allied war council at Ver
sailles created a great strategic re
serve of menXo be used in Just tho
contingency which confronts the ar
mies which have borne the brunt of
the fighting since last Thursday
morning. This force probably will
,be launched when and where It Is
believed it will break the force of
the German onslaught and send the
enemy reeling back over theUesert
from which theaBrttlsh have slowl -withdrawn.
ttennan Lowe Frightful.
Each succeeding day reveals tho
plan of the Germans absolutely to '
crush the allied lines west of Cam
bral, a terrain which could not be
defended by Von Hindenburg a year
aeo. Each official report shows that
this sector Is valueless from a mili
tary standpoint and that the Ger
mans have paid a terrible price for
their advance to the lines establish
ed by the allies during the first two
years of warfare. It is officially re
ported that seventy German division
or 8 40,000 men, have taken part In
the fighting and that troops have
teen moved from every part f tbe
western battle front to reinforce the
armies which have been forcing the
r.ritlsh to fall back. Observers at
the front say that the German loss
es have been frightful, and tbat the
enemy fias lost from tn to twenty
per cent of his men. by the most
conservative estimates. .
ItrltUh Xearer 8upply Bane.
While the German line of com
munications has been growing long
er, the British have constantly mov
ed nearer their base of supplies. It
in probable that the line where stern
battles will be given Is not far away
f fom the present positions of the al
lied armies.
There has been continued activity
on the Italian front, but no attacks
cf Importance have been made by
cither side Jn this theater of the war.
The American lines In the Lnne
vllle and Toul sectors have been
bombarded once more, tut no infan-
(Contlnued on Page 2.)
- . ?