The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, March 26, 1918, Page 4, Image 4

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    The O regon
Issued Daily Except Monday by
215 S. Commercial St., Salem, Oregon.
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper
and also the local news published herein.
R. J. Hendricks.
Stephen A. Stone
it&ipn oiover.....
W. C. Squler. . .
Frank Jaskoskl
.DAILY STATESMAN, served by carrier in Salem and suburbs. 15 cents a
week, 50 cents a month,
DAILY STATESMAN, by mall, $6 a year; $3 for six months; 50 cents
month. For three months or more, paid in advance, at rate of $6 a year.
SUNDAY STATESMAN, $1 a year; 50 cents for six months; 25 cent for
three months.
WEEKLY STATESMAN, Issued in two six-page sections, Tuesdays and
Fridays, $1 a year; 50 cents for six months; 25 cents for three months.
Business Office, 22.
Circulation Department. 583.
Job Department, 683.
Entered at the Postoffice in Salem,
, The following article is taken from the current number of Cur
rent Literature :
- "William II definitely joined the party of peace
within his dominions last month.! There was a rumor
to this effect in the leading Italian dailies fully six
weeks ago. Now, reinforced by the assertions of well
informed correspondents ati-The Hague, the news that
his Majesty, despite his bellicose attitude officially, is
for as speedy an end of will save the imperial
face, may be accepted, the Milan i Avanti reels sure, as
fact. The Giornale d 'Italia (Rome) always careful in ,
its inferences, considers the wish .of Emperor William to
end the war a proof that he seeks restoration of Jiis politi
cal influence. For three months, at least, his Majesty has
. been a cipher within the empire and next to a cipher, in
r- the kingdom of Prussia. There have been two crown
councils within a month, at each, of wfoich the insignifi-
' ' , i cance of William II, following Italian press reports, was
painfully obvious. It is true, says the, Italian daily last
, named, that the Emperor's health is declining. He has
been implored to stop his trumpet blasts of inspiration
, to the forces. He is so enervated that he has left to the
. ;! Crown" Prince the task of reconciling the differences
' of opinion in the general staff on the subject of the
'v ' famous offensive. The fact that the offensive fills the
columns of papers like the Kreuz-Zeitung (Berlin) shows )
' .. that the Crown Prince is still a factor in military coun- 1
t -.- cils. The Crown Prince is more bent than ever on a rush
to Paris, the Italian organs believe. He has been behind
" ' "r the latest activities in the West. 1 He contemplates still
that last desperate stand, the Giornale says, which has "
been talked of for the last three months as the one way
j left. to "drag the imperial chariot out of the mire.?'
How and when the offensive is to take place, or whether
I . it is to take place at all, is the problem, of the hour."
' The above is a remarkable forecast, because it shows that the
Italian newspaper must have been weir informed concerning the
discussions and plans of the military overlords in Germany,
,':t ,." The great drive has come, according to, the wishj of, the crim
inally' foolish and reckless Crown Prince. It has ended in disaster,
for it has merely resulted in the sacrifice of scores and perhaps
hundreds of thousands of German soldiers,: and left that part ! of
fthe German army in a worse strategic position than before the
drive: 'Besides, it has weakened the morale of the whole German
-. army. '-:,-; ' : .-. . f
How long, will the German people allow such a degenerate' to
decree the slaughter of their men! , 1" i - : "
The long range gun was merely
singing a hymn of hate. -
It will be an April fool Joke dn
Father Time when- the clocks arc
all turned ahead.
"A better sewer for Ferry street"
would be a good platform for soma
aspirant for the city council. ,
- There has been only qbe success
ful food controller in the history of
the world, the One who made five
'loaves and two small fishes feed a
multitude: Los Angeles Times.
You are to turn up your clock an
hour at midnight on next Sunday
right. Or you may attend, to the
matter earlier toy the evening, if you
like, or wait till Menday morning.
Those inclined to object to the one
pound of flour a creek ration should
try-to imagine themselves in thi
places, of American prisoners in Ger
many. -Indianapolis News.
. That third liberty loan, promises
to be a crackerjack. Remember
that old-time remark, "First tha
worst, second the same, third tho
best of all the game?
A golden album containing the
names of famous Americans is on Its
way to General Pershing. We guess
he would rather hear of arms and
men being on their way. Exchange.
And' he is not only hearing of them,
he is seeing them, in daily ever-increasing
quantities and numbers.
It used to be said that war did not
make for mental steadiness the ar
gument being that during that time
there, was an unusual number of in
, sane people made by the untowar-.
- events that excite and worry. Yet
nmriiic DATES
March 17. Wednesday. -Lecture on
Kuaaia at Public Hbrmry by Mian
- Cornelia Marvin. 1
March 29. Friday Orejrnti Hopsrow.
era aasoclatlon meet for diaaolntion.
. i..!T.h S0' Rturdr. Freahman glee
at Willamette university. . T
April , . Saturday. Third Liberty
loan drive bearlna.
April . Saturday. Third Liberty
loan drive opena.
April, fourth week. Marlon Countr Kndeavor convention. Salem.
May, date not set State Grange
convention. Salem.
la;Tec,WrJd,lJr-rlma"' --
. .Manager
........... Managing Editor
.. .Cashier
. Advertising Manager
......... Manager Job Dept.
Oregon, as second class matter.
figures show that there are 3000
fewer crazy people in England now
than I before the waf.
' ":!- :.ite-
There 'are other ways of helping
the country ln the present crisis be
sides singing the "Star Spangled
Banner" ; with the windows up so
that J the neighbors can" hear.
The Lewis gun used by the Eng
lish is an American Invention, and
the Browning gun, to he used by onr
army, is the invention of an Ameri
can, 'as everybody knows. So if tho
British "have not the best arm in the
world, the Americans -will have.
John Dillon, chosen to succeed
John Redmond as leader of the Irish
National party, for years was Red
mond's lieutenant. The selection of
Dillon means a continuation of con
stitutlonal agitation for Irish home
rule. Dr. Dillon lacks the warmth
and Imagination of Redmond, but
he is a very able man.
, ' Possibly ; the ' menace of German
prisoners in Russia is exaggerated.
They are few in number compared
with the Austrians, and of the Aus
trian a great part were glad
to be captured and would be sorry
to have to do any more t fighting.
Thousands of them, . indeed, would
be liable to the death- penalty if
caught.; ;," ,
Wtoy ts it that there are no "four
minute? women? What a' foolish
question to ak. A woman could not
ge; started talking in that t'me.
Exchange.! Not so. There are som
women who can fay more in fonr
minutes than some men can ray to
a week, ,
,One hundred years ago yesterday,
March 25, occurred the death of
General Henry Lee. famous com
mander of the Revolution, Intimate
friend of Washington, and father of
General Robert E. Lee, who com
manded the armies of the confeder
ate states in the civil war.
Few. figures. Jn the . war . of th
American Revolution were go pic
turesque as that of Henry Lee, fam
iliarly known as "Light Ilorse. liar-
ry." Born in Westmoreland coun
ty Virginia, in 1756, he belonged t.)
a family that has been conspicuous
in the history of Virginia since the
earliest days. He was a great-grand-
ton of Col. Richard Lee, a man of
wealth and distinction, who sold bi
estate In England and came to Amer
ica about 1640, as secretary of the
Virginia colony and a member of the
king's privy council.
Henry Lee received his education
at the college of New Jersey, gradu
ating in 1776. Prevented from vis
iting Europe by the preparations for
active revolution, he returned to Vir
ginia and at the age of 20 began his
remarkable military' career u, re
el uitlng a company of "light horse,"
of which he was made captain. Jn
1777 he joined Washington's army
In Pennsylvania.
It was soon discovered that though
little more than a boy no man in the
army had better ideas of discipline
or was more successful in the en
forcement of them. He took tho
most excellent care of his turn and
horses and trained them so perfectly
that he could easily ktirpass every
other commander in the celerity of
his movements and the rapidity and
accuracy with which he could ob
tain information of the movements
of the enemy. ' .
"Lee's Legion" became a synonym
for swift and daring action, and the
captain's company was selected by
Washington to act as the commander-in-chief's
body guard at the bat
tle of Germantown. He was promot
ed major for gallant conduct In bat
tle in January, 1778, and was given
command of two troops of horse
and a company of infantry. This
corps constantly hung -on the flank
of the British army and annoyed
both their march and camp.
On July 19,1779, Lee surprised
the British troops in garrison at
Paulas Hook, New York harbor, In
flicting great damage, capturing 160
prisoners, and escaping with only
two. men killed and three wounded.
For this exploit he received a gold
medal from congress. . V
Less than two years later he was
promoted to lieutenant-colonel and
marched his legion to South Carolina
where he covered the rear of Gen
eral Greene's army, giving occasion
al opportunity for Tarleton's dra
goons to measure swords, with the
Virginians. At every encounter Lee
proved himself to be the master of
Tarleton at the Impetous tactics for
which the English officer was dis
tinguished. ; l: ... . :
At the jbattle of Guilford Court
House his legion proved more than
a match jor Tarleton's dragoons.
When 1 General L Greene Marched
against Camden hesent Lee and
Marion to cut off Rawdon's commun
ications with the seacoast, and they
captured Fort Watson, which forced
Rawdon to abandon and burn Cam
den, On May 25, Lee reached Au
gusta, Ga., which city, also fell into
his hands. J. I
At the close of the war Lee settled
down in his family mansion In Vir
ginia. But in 1786 he went to
congress from Virginia, subsequently
served in the Virginia house of dele
gates, and became governor of the
commonwealth in 172. , Washing
ton had the warmest . regard and
greatest esteem for Lee, and when
the whisky incurrection broke oat In
Pennsylvania in 1794 Lee was ap
pointed commander of the army of
15,000 men that was formed to put
down the' disturbance.
Lee was In congress in 1799, when
Washington died, and was appointed
by the house to deliver the eulogy.
It was in this address that Lee gave
expression to the celebrated descrip
tion of Washington as "first in war,
first in peace and first in the hearts
cf his countrymen."
At sunset tomorrow evening Jews
in all parts of the world will begin
the celebration of the festival of
"Pesach," or Passover, commemorat
ing the deliverance of the children
of Israel ' from Egyptian bondage,
rnd the saving of the first born from
" The celebration of the festival th!a
year promises to be the -most mem
orable In the history; of modern Ju
daism. For the first time In cen
turies the followers of the faith will
be privileged to celebrate the day in
a "free" Jerusalem. Equally inter
esting Is the announcement of the
British Palestine Commission that
the Jews have designated the begin
ng of the Passover as the day , tor
beginning their civil rule In Pa'e3
tine. In Biblical time, ''Pesach" was one
of the three great festival days of
the Jews, when it was Incumbent on
a?! sduit males of the nation to makn
a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, there to
attend the services at the temple
conducted with great pomp' by th
high priest and his assistants, and
there to make their sacrifices and
present their offerings In grateful
remembrance of their deliverance
from slavery and to celebrate their
national freedom. The Paschal laub
was slain on the first day of the fes
tival, and his blood sprinkled on tho
altar in commemoration of the lamb
that by Divine command was sla'n
on the eve of the deliverance of the
Israelites from their Egyptian bond
age, and whose .blood was sprinkle !
on the door-posts of the houses in
habited by the Jews to distinguish
them from thoqe in which their op
pressors dwelt, and to protect tho
Jewish domiciles from the advent of
the, destroying angel when the first
born of the Egyptians were destroy
ed and those of the Jews escaped.
The celebration of the festival U
continued for seven days, in accord
ance with the Biblical command, and
during this time no bread or any
thing that may be leaven is eatei
or brought Into the house of obser
vant Jews. Matzoth, or unleavened
bread, is eaten duringthis period.
Lasting from sunset oa the 14th
day of the month of Nlsan until sun
ret on the 21st of this Hebrew
month, the traditions and custom
of the observance of this festlvayir
strictly adhered to by the Jewish
people throughout the world.
The Passover will be introduced
tomorrow evening with services in
the synagogues, after which a quaint
heme service, known as the "SeiUr,"
will be conducted. At the Seder each
participant and the lowliest is priv
ileged to sit at the table that nigh
is required to drink four cups of
wine, in memory of the four promts -e
made by the Eternal to redeem
Israel from bondage: On the table
are unleavened cakes, the shlnbona
of a lamb roasted on the coals, com
memorative of the Paschal sacrifice,
a roasted egg, a mixture of apples
and nuts (Charoseth), to symbolize
the mortar with, which the "Egyp
tians made bitter the lives" of the
fathers and bitter herbs, reminiscent
of the unhappy days in Egypt.
Although the careful Jewish houso
wife always arranges to leave no
unnecessary leaven, It is customary
for her to see that the search shall
not be wholly In vain, and small
pieces of bread and cake. are placed
in various parts of the establish
ment. The man then starts his In
vestigation, armed with a duster and
a pan followed by all members of
the family, carrying lighted candle.
The scraps discovered and the rem
nants of the morning's breakfast are
carefully burned.
4 While the festival continues an
entire week, the first and last days
only are of special import. Tomor
row evening and .Thursday mornins
all the Jewish places of worship will
be open for services. Sermons will
be preached , in keeping with the
thoughts of the festival. In song
and story the tale of the oppression
and the deliverance will be rehears
ed. Excerpts from or in some case?
the whole of the book of The Song
of Songs will be read. Psalms of
thanksgiving (Hallel) will strike
the keynote of the happy occasion.
World's greatest battle goes on.
' And Germany's military back is
being broken.
; b v v
. Tne German generals are nslng
their famous "plncer" system.
m m V
But they are not fighting Rus
sians, Serbians and Rumanians now.
v v
They are fighting men who are
ready for them, directed by men who
know the rules and the tricks of the
great ame. i
. Where Is General Byng?
., v
Looks like an opportunity for a
General Byng, within a few days, on
the western front.
There should be some way to put
a stop to the rumor factory that is
in operation in Salem. Did you hear
the many false reports of yesterday?
Some one must have started them.
It has been said that one of the
German generals made the statement
a short time ago that Germany could
afford to lose 500,000 men to break
through the western line. They are
losing the 500.000 men, but they are
not breaking through, and they will
be forced back "ere long If General
Men's clothing is not only
hard to get at any price.
Buy Now,
Men's Shirts
SIZES 16i2 and 17.
VALUES TO $2.00,
NOW 98c
MEN'S and
20 nrt LESS
Haig decides It is worth while. But
think of it! Think of a system that
allows one man to decide upon the
slaughter of a half million men. In
one battle! The world will one day
stand aghast at such a spectacle, In
this day and age.
By Ploreae Usabtk HleheU
; Miss Helen -Mercer, the ' dauhgter
of D-, and Mrs. W. U Mercer, 43
.oyth Summer street, left Sunday
night on the Shasta limited for Los
Angeles, where she w5 11 enter thy
Good Samaritan hospital for a three
years' course of nursing.. Miss Mer
cer is popular among a large group
of friends and was recently graduat
ed from the Oregon Agricultlral col
lege at Corvallis. Dr. and "Mrs. Mer
cer also have two sons. Ralph Mer
ger is at sea in the navy and Ira
Mercer, a former Salem high school
boy, enlisted last year -in the army
and is at American Lake.
Double meetings for war relief and
ether patriotic measures will be held
tonight at the Grant ct hool in North
Salem. Both meetings will commence
at 7:30 o'clock. The remodeling
clai8, whjeh started its work la3t
week, will assemble in the domestic
science rooms in the basement of th
school. A class In millinery will
elso be added to meet tho. enthusi
asm of many interested workers
A general meeting of the patrons
of the school will take place in one
ot the upstairs rooms. "War Gar
dens" wtfll form the subject of dis
cussion. Five minute talks will bo
Popular High School Students Stage Benefit Play
Snikpoh cast who will appear in comedy To-day nlftht at Salem h;h school. Reading from left to richt
.HcrblrTDTrbyT U en' ace C&rson' M Ne Syke (coach), Richard Slaterf Artbur ROS3 fnd
aaraeUenrteTn7116 M'SSeS Margaret c'oodla' acy Ionard. Isobcl, George. Lucc Jones. Helen Uoe and '
high priced in the wholesale market but it is scarce and
, : -
Buy Here and Save Money
Men's Hats
OF ;
50c, $1.35, $1.60
.5 2 for 25c
given by By Smith, Glen Unruh, T.
L. Frazler, August Hackestein and
Prof. W. F. Fargo. Miss Wilda Sol
cman will speak of the necessity of
irchool gardens. Mrs. F. K. Page
will also speak; on the third liberty
Under the auspices of Willamette
university a Joint recital of th?
frchool of music and the public speak
ing department will be held tonight
at 8:30 o'clock In Waller hall. The
program follows:
"Sing, Smile. Sleep . . . . . Gounod
Barcarolle, from "Tales of Hoff
man . . . . . .......... Offenbach
Ladles' Glee Club
Allegorical Monologue: "The 'Slsa
of the Cleft Heart" . .7.
Miss Odell Savege
Piano Solos: "An Old Love SongfV.
. . . . . . , . .. . . . ... AlacDowsli
Scherzo, , from Sonata Op. 14; no.
2 ... . . ... . . . ". . ; . . . . . Beethoven
Miss Lyra Miles
Story: f Teddy O'Rourtce" ... . . .i.
Mr. Paul Doney
Monologue: "How a Woinjm Buys
Meat v . . . . .... . . . ; .V. . . . I . :
. Miss Faye Bolin
Soprano Solo: Aria, from "Don Car
los .....Verdi
Miss Lela Belle McCaddam
Monodrama: Quarrel Scene between
Bruns and Cassius, from rJuliui
Caesar" .....
Mr. J. Fred McGrew
riano Solos: "Soaring" . . Schnman
Berceuse Chopin
Miss Jane Elizabeth Brlggs
Story: "What William Henry Did"..
Miss Mabel Garrett
"Moths" Caldicott
Ladles' Glee Club
An Interesting program was held
by the Chautauqua readfng circle re
cently. The women are studying
"The Creates Books in the World"
by Laura Spencer Porter. Besides
a response to roll call by each mem
ber, w:th current events, the follow
ing numbers ' were given: Short
Sketch of Miguel de Cetvantes, Mr?.
W. W. Hosebraugh ; talk, "Don
N 1
VALUE3 TO $5.00
NOW $2.95
Quixote and Sancho Panza," Mrs. E.
K. Fisher; talk, "The Unttle of tha
Wind Mills," Mrs. R. B. Goodln;
talk, "Tho Adventures with the Biv
caifan Lady," Miss Chapel; talk, '
f'The Knighting of Don Quixote."
Mrs. S. B. Forest: talk, "Mambrlno'a
Helmet," Mrs. Eva Hicks; talk. "Tbe
Battle with the Wine Skins." ' Mrs.
Frank W-ells; talk, "An Estimate of
Don Qrtixote," Mrs. E. C. Minton;
talk, "The Most Interesting Woman
in the Story," Mrs: Zimmerman. Gen
eral review of the chapter. Sympos:
ium, "My Interpretation of thj
Book." "TTZ
Miss Florence Cory, lias returns!
to Portland after a week-end vl '
In Salem with her parents, Mr, an l
Mrs. W. AV Cory.
Mrand Mrs. Charles Miller anl
little daughter passed the week-si
inPortland, ... . . J.
: - . , . v r , -i
i Mrs. Floyd Putnam of BrownsvTU 1
is the guest of her sister, Mrs. Wai
ter Kirk, on Mill street. ..
. ,' ; :
Mrs. Ruth Bair of Bay City' hai
been visiting with her parents. Rev.
and Mrs. G. M. Thompson, of Kaiser
Mrs. G. W. Gelger (Mary Edn.i
Jones), who has been -visiting b?r
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Seymour Jonrs
has left for a visit in San Francisco
en route to her home in Kansas City.
Lack of fresh vegetable food anl
interrupted, changing habits mak9
these trying weeks for anyone In
clined to constipation. Foley Ca
thartic Tablets are Just the thin for
indigestion, biliousness, gas on stom
ach, furred tongue, headache, or
other condition indicating cr5Aul
bowels. Caiiao no bad after eft'Cts.
J. C. Perry. -
There Is this to be said to tl?
credit of Japan she is not trying to
borrow anjr iiione,y from Uncle San).